Життя з користю для інших

Конспект урока

Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

Тема: Люди. Життя суспільства. Підтема: Життя з користю для інших Мета: Практикувати учнів у читанні та обговоренні суспільнополітичних текстів. Сприяти заповненню інформаційних прогалин розвитку почуття поваги до досягнень людства. Обладнання: підручник текст дл



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Тема: Люди. Життя суспільства.

Підтема: Життя з користю для інших

Мета: Практикувати учнів у читанні та обговоренні суспільно-політичних текстів. Сприяти заповненню інформаційних прогалин, розвитку почуття поваги до досягнень людства.

Обладнання: підручник, текст для читання "Alfred Nobela Man of Contrasts" (HO,)1 та тестові завдання до нього (НО2).



1. Перевірка домашнього завдання.

Т: Last time we spoke about idols of the young. Singers and public figures, film-stars and sportsmen. Their influence is seen in manners, hair styles and fashion. They have become part of big business and the industry of entertainment. What are your idols? Is it good or bad to have an idol? I'd like you to develop this theme. Учні висловлюються за темою, підготованою вдома.


Повідомлення теми та мети уроку. Т: Today we are going to speak about people who contributed greatly to the development of science, culture and social life and who were awarded the highest prize for their achievements. What prize do I mean? It's the Nobel prize.

2. Пред'явлення тексту для читання "The Nobel Prize", впр. 86 (стор. 80).
T: Read the text "The Nobel Prize" in 2 minutes to know what it is about.

  1.  Skimming. Читання тексту з добуванням основного змісту.
  2.  Comprehension check. Виконання впр. 87 (стор. 80).
  3.  Scanning. Читання тексту з метою повного й точного його розуміння.

3. Пред'явлення тексту для читання "Alfred Nobel — a Man of Contrasts".

1) Pre-reading. Уведення лексики до теми.

Т: Now you are going to read more about Alfred Nobel. Study the words and start

reading the text "Alfred Nobel a Man of Contrasts".

to deserve a fame — заслуговувати славу

explosive — вибуховий

make a strong position — зробити кар'єру

landmine — фугас

luck — вдача

After reading the text you are to do the test (questions 1-10). And then we shall discuss the text.

2) While-reading. Читання тексту. 

Alfred Nobel – A man Of Contrasts

Alfred Nobel, the great Swedish inventor and industrialist, was a man of many contrasts. He was the son of a bankrupt, but became a millionaire; a scientist with a love of literature, an industrialist who managed to remain an idealist. He made a fortune but lived a simple life, and although cheerful in company be was often sad in private. A lover of mankind, he never had a wife or family to love him; a patriotic son of his native land, he died alone on foreign soil. He invented a new explosive, dynamite, to improve the peacetime industries of mining and road building, but saw it used as a weapon of war to kill and injure his fellow men. During his useful life he often felt he was useless. World famous for his works he was never personally well known, for throughout his life he avoided publicity. "I do not see'" he once said, "that have deserved any fame and have no taste for it", but since his death his name has brought fame and glory to others.

He was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833 but moved to Russia with his parents in 1842, where his father, Immanuel, made a strong position for himself in the engineering industry. Immanuel Nobel invented the landmine and made a lot of money from government order for it during the Crimean War, but went bankrupt soon after. Most of the family returned to Sweden in 1859, where Alfred rejoined them in 1863, beginning his own study of explosives in his father's laboratory. He had never been to school or university but studied privately and by the time he was twenty was а skilful chemist and excellent linguist, speaking Swedish, Russian, German, French and English. Like his father, Alfred Nobel was imaginative and inventive, but he had better luck in business and showed more financial sense. He was quick to see industrial open his scientific inventions and built up over 80 companies in 20 different countries. Indeed his greatness lay in his outstanding ability to combine the qualities of an original scientist with those of a forward-looking industrialist.

But Nobel's main concern was never with making money or even making scientific discoveries. Seldom happy, he was always searching for a meaning to life, and from his youth had taken a serious interest in literature and philosophy. Perhaps because he could not find ordinary human love he never married he came to care deeply about the whole mankind. He was always generous to the poor «I'd rather take care of the stomachs of the living than the glory of the dead in the form of stone memorials", he once said. His greatest wish, however, was to see an end to wars, and thus peace between nations, and he spent much time and money working for this cause until his death in Italy in 1896. His famous will, in which he left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Medicine, Literature and Peace, is a memorial to his interests and ideals. And so, the man who felt he should have died at birth is remembered and respected long after his death.

3) Tests. Тестове завдання до тексту.

1. Alfred Nobel's father was...

A. a bankrupt C. a millionaire

B. a rich man D. a scientist

2. The most important thing in the life for Alfred Nobel was...

A. his family C. his work

B. his money D. his pastime

3. A lot of people all over the world know Alfred Nobel well because of..

A. his personality C. his love of mankind

B. his work D. his cheerful character

4. The family went to Russia because...

A. their father went bankrupt

B. the father wanted to make a lot of money

C. the father wanted to fulfill government's orders

D. the father wanted to work in the engineering industry

5. In twenty six years the family returned to Sweden because...

        A. of the Crimean War C. Alfred began to study

           B.  they became poor    D. Alfred rejoined them

   6. Alfred Nobel successfully studied...

        A. privately C. at university

        B. at school D. in his father's laboratory

7. Alfred Nobel was a lucky businessman because of his...

A. knowledge of many languages     C. scientific inventions

B. outstanding abilities D. companies built in different countries

8. During his life Alfred Nobel's main concern was...

A. making much money C. opening new companies

B. making scientific discoveries     D. literature and philosophy

9. Nobel was generous to the poor because...

A. he deeply loved people C. he didn't have his own family

B. he could not find human love      D. he was a forward-looking industrialist

10. Nobel is remembered and respected long after his death because...

A. he spent much time and money for his work

B. he wanted peace between nations

C. he provided prizes for outstanding works in different fields of knowledge

D. he had great interests and ideals

Key: 1A; 2C; 3B; 4D; 5B; 6A; 7B; 8D; 9A; 10C.

3) Discussion. Практикування учнів в обговоренні тексту.

Т: Hand in your tests and let's have a short discussion.

Great deeds live (Великі справи живуть). And Alfred Nobel will be remembered and

respected long after his death because he provided prizes for outstanding works in

different fields of knowledge.

Next time you will tell me about Nobel Prize Winners.

3. Пред'явлення додаткової інформації про Нобелівских лауреатів.

Т: Some of the names are world-known and you are sure to have heard them.

Physics, Chemistry, Economy, Physiology, Medicine, Literature.

1958 — P. Tcherenkov, I. Frank, I. Tarn

1962 — L. Davidovich, Landau

1978 — P. Kapitsa

1956 — Semenov

1975 — L. Kantorovich

1904 — I. Pavlov

1912 — I. Mechnikov

1933 — I. Bunin

1958 — B. Pasternak

1965 — M. Sholokhov

1970 — A. Solzhenitsyn

1987 — J. Brodsky

By the way, among the Nobel Prize winneres are the following British and American writers and poets:

R. Kipling (1907), G. B. Snow (1925), S. Lewis (1930), J. Golsworthy (1932), W. Faulkner (1949), Sir W. S. Churchill (1953), E. Hemingway (1954), J. Stainbeck (1962).

Peace:                                1979 — Mother Teresa

                                        1975 — A. Sakharov

                                         1990 — M. Gorbachev

Speaking 4. Розповіді учнів про А. Нобеля з використанням речень 1—10 тесту.

Таким чином перевіряються результати тестування. T: And now prepare a brief story about Alfred Nobel.


Homework 1. Домашнє завдання.

Виконати впр. 88 (стор. 80).

Summarizing  2. Підбиття підсумків уроку.

T: Zhores Alfyorov was awarded the Nobel Prize for his outstanding works in physics in 2000. He was born in Ukraine and spent his childhood there. Now he lives and works in St. Petersburg. The ceremony of awarding him the prize in Stockholm’s Concert Hall was really impressive. Alfyorov got his prize from the King of Sweden and delivered his Nobel Prize winner's speech in English.

No man is born wise or learned. (Ніхто не народжується мудрецем і вченим). Necessity is the mother of invention. Perhaps there are Nobel Prize winners among you.



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