Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика
Тема: Людина й природа Підтема: Захист довкілля Мета: Провести роботу з учнями з підготовки до екологічної конференції. Обладнання: підручник матеріали до конференції: текст Green Peace вправа Matchingтекстизагадки Guessing питання для конференції додатковий матеріал для...
Тема: Людина й природа
Підтема: Захист довкілля
Мета: Провести роботу з учнями з підготовки до екологічної конференції.
Обладнання: підручник, матеріали до конференції: текст "Green Peace", вправа "Matching",тексти-загадки "Guessing", питання для конференції, додатковий матеріал для читання.
I.ПІДГОТОВКА ДО СПРИЙНЯТТЯ ІНШОМОВНОГО МОВЛЕННЯ
Aim Повідомлення теми та мети уроку.
Т: You are welcome with your stories about your favourite holidays. (Заслухати кілька творів.)
I'd like to tell you about Earth Day. This holiday is celebrated on the 22 of April. It was initially a tree planting holiday in the USA. But now it is a day to show our concern about our mother Earth.
At our next lesson we are going to have an ecological conference and now we'll be preparing for it.
II. Основна частина уроку
1. Уведення в рольову ситуацію.
T: Joan Collins is a member of "Green Peace". She has come to take part in the ecological conference.
Now read what Joan Collins told the pupils of a Kharkiv school about her organization.
I am a representative of one of the most known international ecological organizations, which is called "Green Peace". Our organization was founded in 1970 for protecting the ecology of our planet. The aim of its creation is in the organization's name. And really, the people, who join the "Green Peace", seek to keep the world clean, the environment green, to keep life on the Earth. Already after a year of its establishment the organization was recognized by the world and after 25 years its branches were opened in more than 50 countries.
The first action of the "Green Peace" was the organization of protest against the nuclear tests on the French island Moruroa in the Pacific Ocean.
During many years the organization "Green Peace" is fighting for protection of all the geographical spheres of the Earth. The protection of the tropical rainforests "the lungs" of the planet from death is also the sphere of activity of the "Green Peace". Before 1900 rainforests covered 14 % of the world's surface Today they over only 7 %. The reason is simple. They have been cut to provide (a) land, (b) paper, (c) wood, (d) medicines, (e) minerals, (f) fuel. But it's not only trees which are disappearing. Millions of animals, insects and flowers are destroyed, too.
Our organization doesn't want our planet to be turned into desert. The pollution of the atmosphere is a global problem now. The members of the "Green Pease" call the world's monopolies to stop polluting the air and ruining the ozone layer. The mountaineers of the "Green Peace" hang the slogan: "STOP ACID RAIN" on factories' chimneys. We fight against the oil pollution of the seas because it kills underwater life. Now "Green Peace" is fighting for giving up nuclear tests in the world. Slogans: "SWEET RAIN","PURE RIVERS", "CLEAN SEAS" which call to this hang on Big Ben in London and on the Stature of Liberty in New York.
One of the main spheres of activity of the "Green Peace" is the protection of animal world. It is known that more than one hundred kinds of animals had disappeared from the Earth's face. Today we fight against whalekilling and against the distruction of the seals on the Newfoundland,
Today, the name "Green Peace" is connected with the following words PEACE and LIFE on the HEALTHY PLANET. We call on you DON'T LET THE WORLD DIE!
Oral Practice 2. 2. Тренувальні вправи до конференції.
Match the first parts of the sentences [number 1-9] with their endings [under letters a i].
in the remains of Centra Park.
Key: 1c; 2i; 3f; 4a; 5h; 6g; 7d; 8b; 9e.
3) Listening. Пред'явлення текстів-загадок для аудіювання.
what ARE the names of the animals?
A guessing exercise
Some of these animals are still alive but in danger of disappearing. Guess what are the names of the three animals mentioned below:
1. There were once very large numbers of them in India and some parts of Africa but now they are almost extinct. Men have been proud of hunting them for a long time. It is the fastest animal on land, but it is very timid and shy by nature.
Lions do not like them because they hunt for the same kind of animals. But they can defend themselves against lions because they are so fast. There is only one animal they cannot defend themselves against. Us! Future generations may see them only in photographs unless we do something to save them now.
Not many people know that they sing strange and beautiful songs. In such a way they communicate with each other. These songs travel hundreds of miles through the sea. They are the biggest animals left on earth and besides us the most intelligent. Cruel men in dirty ships hunt them and kill them by shooting harpoons with explosives into their bodies. Soon they will be all dead unless these men are stopped. Then nothing we get from them which we cannot make ourselves. Some people actually meat from them or feed it to their pets. Key: 1. cheetahs; 2. sea seals; 3. whales.
3. Розгляд основних питань конференції.
Additional Reading 4. Додаткові матеріали до конференції.
Our Planet is In Danger
Text 1The Greenhouse Effect
A greenhouse is a building made of glass where you can grow flowers and other plants that need a lot of warmth.
How it works. The sun shines in through the glass and warms the greenhouse and the roof and walls keep the heat from getting out.
The Earth is surrounded by a blanket of gasses. The gas named carbon dioxide acts just like a greenhouse. The sun shines in and the blanket of gases traps the heat like a roof, keeping it close to the planet. That's good. We cannot live without warmth.
What is going on. Factories, electric power plants and cars are making a lot of gases. Even trees, when they are cut down give off gases. These new gases are trapping more and more of the sun's heat. This is called greenhouse effect or global warming.
What Can Happen. If the Earth's temperature gets hotter by just a few degrees it could change the weather all over the world in big ways. Places that are warm would become too hot to live in, and places that are cold would become warm. The places that grow our food would get too hot to do it.
Text 2 The Ozone Hole
The ozone layer. Up in the sky, above the air we breathe, there is a layer of gas called ozone. It helps us by blocking out rays from the sun that can harm our skin, and by letting the rays that are good for us come though. We are lucky to have the ozone layer to protect us.
What is happening. Now the ozone layer is being damaged by gases that people have made. The gases are called CFCs chloro fluoro carbons. They are used in refrigerators, fire extinguishes, air-conditioners, plastic foam and some other things.
How it happens. The CFCs float up to the top of the atmosphere where the layer of ozone is and "eat up" the ozone.
Scientists are concerned about the ozone layer, because a lot of it has gone away in just a few years. So it is important that we learn to do something about it.
Text 3 air pollution
The old days. Until about 150 years ago, the air was clean and pure perfect for the people and animals to breathe.
Factories. Then people started building factories. Those factories and many of the things they make, like cars, put a lot of harmful gases into the air. Then people started driving cars, which added more pollution to the air.
Today. Today the air is so polluted that it is not always safe to breathe.
THE BROWN STAFF. Many cities around the world have air filled with a pollution called "smog". This is so strong in some places that the air which should be blue, actually looks brown.
Down with the pollution. Polluted air is not only bad for people and animals, but for trees and other plants as well. And in some places it is even damaging farmers' crops the food we eat. So it is very important for us to clean up the air we all breathe.
Text 4 Water Pollution
The planet Earth is mostly water. Oceans cover the biggest part of it there are lakes, rivers, streams and even water underground. All life on Earth from the littlest bug to the biggest whale depends on this water. It is precious. But we are not doing a good job of keeping water clean. In many places, the water has become polluted. Rivers and lakes are polluted by garbage or by poisonous chemicals which are dumped right into them. Underground water can be polluted by gasoline or other harmful liquids that seep into the ground. Some fertilizers and pesticides used on farms leak down through the dirt, too.
The ocean which is a home to so much life, has been used as a place to dump garbage and poisonous chemicals. It is getting polluted, too.
We need to save our water, to keep it clean and healthy so people, plants and animals will always have come to drink. And so fish and other creatures will have a place to live.
Text 5 Acid Rain
Up in the sky. When we look up, we see clouds and the blue sky. But there are other things in the sky that we don't see. Some of these are harmful to the Earth.
What happens. When power plants burn coal to make electricity, and when cars burn gasoline, invisible gases are released into the air. Some of these gases can mix with rain or snow and make it acidic, like lemon juice or vineger.
What can happen. Sometimes the gases get into rain clouds, where they get mixed in with rain or snow. Then the acid falls back to earth with rain or snow. This is called acid rain.
Bad news. Acid rain is extremely harmful to plants, rivers and lakes, and the creatures that live in them. In some places it is killing forests. And it pollutes the water that animals and people need to drink.
Our mission. It's very important for us to stop making acid rain. One good way is to drive our cars less. Another good way is to save energy. The less energy we use, the less fuel those power plants have to burn. Industrial countries should control their level of pollution. This is already happening in some parts of Europe. There are several countries ("The 30 % Club") have cut their acid rain pollution by 30 %.
Text 6 Urban Problems
The urban problem is one of the most complex in today's world. One of every six people lives in a city with a population of more than one million. There іs a tendency towards rise in the population of cities. Today there are a lot of big cities in the world with the population ranging from 5 to 10 million and above. By the year 2000 demographers expect that Mexico City will have a population of 30 mln, Calcutta some 20 mln and Bombay and Jacarta, from 15 to 20 mln. There are more than 20 cities in the CIS states with the population of over one million.
The problems arising as a result of this are water supply, public transport unemployment, food, housing construction, air pollution, noise, etc. The problems ecological imbalance in big cities are very urgent and they can call a crisis if measures are not taken.
Text 7 Too Much Garbage!
When we throw something away it goes in a garbage can. Once a week a garbage truck comes and the can is emptied, and that's the last you see of it. But what do you think happens to the garbage then? Does it just disappear? No way!
What happens. Almost all garbage is taken to a garbage dump or land fill, where the garbage truck empties in onto the ground. After the truck leaves, a big tractor comes along and pushes dirt on top of the garbage. So, most of our garbage is just buried.
The big mass. Now we are making so much garbage that in many places there is not enough room to bury it all.
Our mission. We have to act fast and cut down the amount of garbage we make. Can we do it? You bet!
Here is how. We can recycle (re-use) materials instead of throwing them away, or recycle which means not buying things that we can't use. This way we'll produce a lot less garbage and help keep our planet clean.
Text 8 Disappearing Animals
The people boom. Every day, there are more and more people living on Earth.
All these people need room to live. So, they move into places that are already homes for plants and animals. Forests are cut down, and wild areas are filled with houses and stores.
What happens. When people move into new land the plants and animals that| there can become endangered and begin to disappear. Some even become extinct which means that they all die and go from the Earth forever.
What can happen. We enjoy pictures and stories about the dinosaurs who lived on the Earth many millions of years ago. They are extinct now. That could happen to elephants, zebras, red-wood trees, frogs, butterflies, robins or goldfish... or animals if we're not careful. Let's keep the Earth green and healthy and full of millions of wonderful creatures.
III. ЗАКЛЮЧНА ЧАСТИНА УРОКУ
Homework 1. Домашнє завдання.
Підготуватися до конференції.
Summarizing 2. Підбиття підсумків уроку.
Т: I hope you have got enough additional material to prepare for our ecological conference in a proper way.
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