19506

Методологические принципы проектирования АСУТП

Доклад

Информатика, кибернетика и программирование

Методологические принципы проектирования АСУТП Разработка проекта заключается в координации всей работы головной организацией несущей ответственность за внедрение АСУ в целом. Проект АСУТП это модель будущей системы в терминах некоторых языков схемы т...

Русский

2013-07-12

27.5 KB

4 чел.

Методологические принципы проектирования АСУТП

        Разработка проекта заключается в координации всей работы головной организацией, несущей ответственность за внедрение АСУ в целом. Проект АСУТП – это модель будущей системы в терминах некоторых языков (схемы, таблицы, алгоритмы). На этих языках производится описание структуры и функций ЧМИ, выполняемых на разных уровнях системы автоматизации в связи с профессиональными обязанностями обслуживающего персонала. Мировая и отечественная практика подтверждает верность методологических, оптимизирующих принципов создания АСУ, сформулированных академиком В.М.Глушковым:

  1.  принцип новых задач, т.е. постоянная перестройка традиционно сложившихся методов разработки проектов в соответствии с новыми возможностями
  2.  принцип комплексного и системного подхода – он заключается в согласовании при разработке всех вопросов: организационных, технических, экономических и т.д. Этот подход является оптимизирующим по отношению к другим принципам.
  3.  принцип первого руководителя. В рамках реализации этого принципа главный конструктор системы автоматизации обеспечивает координацию разработки проекта на всех стадиях, включая сдачу АСУ под ключ в установленный Договором  срок
  4.  принцип непрерывного развития системы. Архитектура системы должна быть открытой, иметь совместные аппаратные и программные интерфейсы для обеспечения расширения или модернизации круга задач, решаемых АСУ
  5.  принцип модульности и типизации – уменьшается вероятность возникновения ошибок при проектировании и сокращается срок разработки, заключается в применении модульной технологии проектирования и использовании типовых наработок (шаблонов)
  6.  принцип согласованности пропускных способностей отдельных частей. Суть принципа в обеспечении max производительности системы и согласовании графика информационных потоков между узлами системы в реальном масштабе времени с использованием алгоритмов теории массового обслуживания
  7.  принцип автоматизации документооборота и единой информационной базы. Предполагает однократный ввод данных в систему и многократное их использование, унификация документов
  8.  принцип системной безопасности. Представляет набор аппаратных и программных средств для предотвращения аварий на ОУ, повышения живучести системы и защита АСУ от компьютерного терроризма.


 

А также другие работы, которые могут Вас заинтересовать

13716. If you could study a subject that you have never had the opportunity to study, what would you choose? Explain your choice, using specific reasons and details 1.8 KB
  If you could study a subject that you have never had the opportunity to study what would you choose Explain your choice using specific reasons and details. If I would have the opportunity to study a subject I do not know yet I would choose to study the outer space. I have a Bachelor degree in Management and I like to have the possibilities to work in this field. However I was always interested in the space exploration. I think it is a very interesting and challenging job to w...
13717. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attending a live performance (for example, a play, concert, or sporting event) is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion 1.89 KB
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement Attending a live performance for example a play concert or sporting event is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. The issue whether to attend a live performance or enjoy watching the same event on TV is a controversial one. However in my opinion an intermediate position can be taken. I base my suggestion on the following points. But before I begin I...
13718. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should read only those books that are about real events, real people, and established facts. Use specific reasons and details to support your opinion 5.36 KB
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement People should read only those books that are about real events real people and established facts. Use specific reasons and details to support your opinion. Some people think that fiction books have no use at all. They claim that people should read about real events that took place real people and established facts. I have to totally disagree with this statement. From my everyday experience and observation I can stand that fiction...
13719. It has been said, “Not everything that is learned is contained in books.” Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why? 2.02 KB
  It has been said €œNot everything that is learned is contained in books.€ Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion which source is more important Why People are learning and practicing through their entire life. I believe that life experience and practice are the basic reasons of the humankind's evolution. However in my opinion knowledge gained from books plays a very important role in the modern life. The mo...
13720. It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship. Do you agree? Why or why not? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your answer 2.35 KB
  It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship. Do you agree Why or why not Use reasons and specific examples to explain your answer. I think that borrowing money from a friend has some negative aspects and can harm or damage the friendship in some cases. For example a person borrowed some money from his or her friend and did not return it. However I believe that borrowing money from a friend and returning it on time can not harm friendship...
13721. What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are important 1.82 KB
  What are some important qualities of a good supervisor boss Use specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are important. Many people have to work under somebody's supervision. In most cases an employee does not choose his or her boss unless a supervisor is elected. In the following paragraphs I will list the most important qualities of my ideal boss. First of all he must be impartial. I believe that it is very important to make a technical decision think ...
13722. The government has announced that it plans to build a new university. Some people think that your community would be a good place to locate the university. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a new university in your community. Use sp 2.39 KB
  The government has announced that it plans to build a new university. Some people think that your community would be a good place to locate the university. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a new university in your community. Use specific details in your discussion. I think it is a great idea to build a new university in my community. However I think it is a controversial question whether the building of a new university will bring only benefits to our community. I...
13723. A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position 1.98 KB
  A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory Explain your position. I am from SaintPetersburg Russia. I believe that building a large factory near my community has advantages as well as disadvantages. In the following paragraphs I will list basic benefits and losses that will be brought by a new factory. For several reason...
13724. Тест биология. Вариант 1 202.45 KB
  ВАРИАНТ 1 Первая часть Назовите одноклеточную водоросль которая обитает в пресном водоеме. А фукус Б ламинария В спирогира Г хламидомонада Назовите процесс при котором растение поглощает углекислый газ и выделяет кислород. А фотосинтез