Путешествие по англоязычным странам
Педагогика и дидактика
Путешествие по англоязычным странам Цели: обучающая: развивать познавательный интерес учащихся, развитие и поддержание интереса к странам изучаемых языков, воспитательная: воспитание толерантности и уважения к другой культуре, чуткости и...
Путешествие по англоязычным странам
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The beginning of the lesson: Good afternoon, boys and girls! Im glad to see you! Do you like traveling! What countries would you like to visit? Why do you travel? Pay attention to the motto of the lesson:
Id like to travel all over the world
Id like to learn about everything I want
The more I know the cleverer I am!
The questions I ask: What? Where? When?
Every country and every nation has it's own traditions and customs. It's very important to know traditions and customs of different people. It will help you to know more about the history and life of different nations and countries. One cannot speak about England without speaking about it's traditions and customs .They are very important in the life of English people .Englishman are proud of their traditions and carefully keep them up.
Lets begin our traveling in the world of knowledge.
Are you good geographers? Do you know these countries? Name them. What are their capitals? What language is spoken in them? What can you say about people?Jamaica Kingston
Trinidad Port of Spain
The USA Washington
The UK London
New Zealand Wellington
Eire Dublin the Americans
You are bricks. I see you are very good at Geography.
Leading: Dear visitors, let's imagine that you are seamen, and I am your captain - the guidebook. Now we will go on long voyage on the various countries. Take your seats on more conveniently. The first country - The United Kingdom
Participant 1: The United Kingdom of G.B. and Northern Irelands is situated on the British Isles/ The British Isles consists of two large islands, G.B. and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometers.
The UK is made up of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. GB consists of England, Scotland and Wales and doesn't include Northern Ireland. The capital of the UK is London.
The British Isles are separated from European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of GB is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.
The surface of the British Isles varies very much. The north of Scotland is mountainous and is called the Highlands, while the south, which has beautiful valleys and plains, is called the Lowlands. There are a lot of rivers in GB, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most important one.
The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters if Gulf Stream influence the climate of the British Isles. The weather in GB is very changeable. A fine morning can change into a wet afternoon and evening and the wrong side out. The English people say: "Other countries have a climate; in England we have weather." The English also say that they have three variants of weather: when it rains in the morning, when it rains in the afternoon or twhen it rains all day long. The weather is the favorite conversational topic in GB. After they greet each other they start talking the weather.
The best time of the year in GB is spring (of course, it rains in spring too). The two worst months in Britain are January and February. They are cold, damp and unpleasant. The best place in the world then is at home by the big fire. Summer months are rather cold and there can be a lot of rainy days. So most people who look forward to summer holidays, plan to go abroad for the summer.
The most unpleasant aspect of English weather is fog and smog. This is extremely bad in big cities especially in London. The fog spreads everywhere so cars move along slowly and people can't see each other. They try not to be run over by a car but still accidents are frequent in the fog.
Leading: Thanks for information, it was very interesting. Next country is India.
Participant 2: India is a place where there are many cultures and religions and because of this the land is one of mystery and contrast.
The country is the 7th largest in the world and because of this the landscape is extremely diverse. 60 % of the land is arable, but there are also vast mountain rangers, desert and forests. The climate is tropical monsoon and has three seasons. The wildlife is varied with animals like: monkeys, buffalo, antelopes, elephants and crocodiles.
The most famous monuments are the Taj Mahal, the Sun Temple and the Khajuraho Shrines. For those who love the great outdoors, the Himalayas in the northeast provide the ultimate challenge but for the idle the beaches of Goa and the Andaman Islands are the ideal retreat. The food is tasty and very spicy but for those who cannot eat a hot curry there are other delicacies worth trying such as: Tibetan dumplings, various noodle soups and the local barley wines. In the evening after a busy day sightseeing or shopping you can relax and watch a classical dance troupe or fall asleep to the melodies of the sitar and Indian flute.
Leading: Thank you.
Participant 3: USA. It is faraway country, on the other side of the world. It is country of contrasts and great opportunities. There are a number of time zones and two oceans, the Pacific and the Atlantic, between us. And what attracts me to it?
The US is state with rich cultural heritage and fascinating history. It has passed a long way of formation and has earned respect from other countries. During the Second World War the US had been a reliable support for the Soviet Union because it had helped much in the fight against the fascism.
America gave the world a lot of great people, such as Abraham Lincoln, James Fenimore Cooper, Ernest Hemingway and Martin Luther King. This list is endless. We should not forget about Christopher Columbus, because he had discovered this previously unknown continent.
A lot of cultures, mentalities and nations are intertwined in America. This has formed the current face of the country. Today, the US is a prosperous country, "the first economy of the world". Many people want to go to the US to get an education, make a career, or just see this truly amazing place.
There are so many beautiful cities in America: big cities such as New York, Los Angeles, Miami as well as little provincial towns. I want to pick out New York City among big cities. I associate New York with lots of yellow taxis on Times Square, crowds of people, who hurry somewhere and of course with skyscrapers and Statue of Liberty. Recently, I wanted to "taste "The Big Apple"". No matter how stupidly it sounds, this ambition appeared, when I was playing video game `Grand theft Auto IV`.
That would be so nice to wake up in the morning and go for a walk on Manhattan, visit the famous Wall Street, see Columbia University, stroll along Broadway, stare at the colorful advertising signs in Times Square. Then, we can go to Central Park for a walk, encountering running people in tracksuits, mummies with prams, people walking their dogs or to sit on green grass. After this we can pop to coffee shop and then go to Liberty Island where a statue with the same name is located, which has become a national symbol of America.
New York is the capital of American fashion. Fashion Weeks are held there. New York City is not only a big beautiful city, but it is one of the world economic centers. Also there is the headquarters of UN.
California will certainly leave nobody indifferent. San Francisco with Cable Cars and Golden Gate Bridge, Silicon Valley and high technologies, San Diego and its Zoo - that`s California.
There are most picturesque beaches of the West coast. I would be glad to be on of these beaches. Lying on golden sand and the sun gently caressing your skin, ocean softly roaring, boys and girls in swimsuits playing beach volleyball and the rescuers attentively watching over what is happening. California is an excellent place for surfing. I would take a lesson from local surfing instructors.
There is also Hollywood in the Golden State, it is the well-known suburbs of Los Angeles. Hollywood had discovered the world-famous stars like Audrey Hepburn, Kirk Douglas, Harrison Ford and Meryl Streep. It is noteworthy, that the governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger, is actor too. By the way, I want to visit the Hollywood ...
Participant 4: Australia is a large country lying between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Australia is an island, like Britain, but unlike Britain, it is vast. It is, in fact, nearly twenty-five times as large as the British Isles. Its area is about 8,000,000 square km. The population of Australia is about 18 mln. Most of Australia is semi-desert. People cannot live where there is no water, and so most of people in Australia live in the richer south-east. The first Australian people were dark-skinned Aborigines, and though the coming of the white settlers destroyed their tribal lives, some sixty thousand still survive in Australia today. Their account for about 1 percent of the population. They may be found in the island areas of the country. Some live in modern cities but it is not really easy for them. They have to fight for their rights. The first Europeans to land in this country were Dutch sailors. The national holiday, Australia Day, is now celebrated on or near January 26th in memory of landing of the British in 1788. The young country grew very fast. Today Australia is an independent federative state consisting of 6 states and 2 territories. It is a member of the Commonwealth headed by the British Queen. The national language is English. The capital of Australia is Canberra; the largest cities are Sidney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth.
1. The Commonweaith of Austrelia is a self govering federal state. It is situated in the south-west of the Pasific ocean, ocuping the continent of Australia and a great number of islands of which Tasmania is the most important. Australia is a continent-island washed by the Indian and the Pasific Oceans.
2. The country consists of 6 (six) states and 2 (two) territories. 16 million people live in Australia. The capital is Canberra. The offical language is English.
3. Australia has a Parlament has two chambers, the house of Representatives and the Senate. the governmant of the country is headed by the Prime Minister.
4. The highest part of Australia, and almost all the mountains are near the coast. The whole central part of the country is dry; it never rains, there are no large rivers and no water there. So there is no very rich plant life in Australia, except in the east and south-east.
5. Australia is an important producer and exporter of primary products: wool, meat, sugar, fruit, black, coal, iron, copper, lead, gold and so on.
6. Most of the factories are situated near big cities. There are 5 (five) big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and bris bane. These cities are also the country's main ports.
7. Canberra was specially planned as a capital. It is a quriet city. All the goverment buildings are situated there. There no industrial plants in the city. About 300000 people live in Canberra.
8. Sydney is the oldest and largest city in Australia. It was founded in 1788. Sydney is a big industrial centre. About 3 million people now live in the city.
Participant 5: Canada is a vast country, bigger than the United States, bigger than the continent of Australia. It is in fact one of the worlds largest countries. Its area is about 10 mln sq km. As Canada extends for thousands of miles from the Arctic Ocean to the United States and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, all kinds of weather conditions and scenery are to be found there. The population of Canada is 29 mln people. The capital is Ottawa; the main cities are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. The word Canada comes from one of the Red Indian languages “Kannata”, meaning “a number of huts”. Canada is often called the “Land of the Maple Leaf”. The maple leaf is the national emblem of Canada. The story of Canada goes back over 400 years. The French were the first settlers to this country. In 1759 Canada became a part of the British Empire. In 1931 became independent from Britain. Today Canada is an independent federative state, consisting of 10 provinces and 2 territories. It is a member of the Commonwealth, headed by the Queen of Great Britain. The two official languages are English and French. But many other languages are spoken: Italian, Chinese, German, Polish and Greek. Canada is a country with very high standards of living. This country is particularly advanced in the areas of health, education, social protection and human rights.
Participant 6: Ireland is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. It is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island on Earth. To its east is the larger island of Great Britain, from which it is separated by the Irish Sea.
Politically, the island is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers just under five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, which covers the remainder and is located in the northeast of the island. The population of Ireland is approximately 6.4 million. Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just under 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.
Relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain epitomise Ireland's geography with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has lush vegetation, a product of its mild but changeable oceanic climate, which avoids extremes in temperature. Thick woodlands covered the island until the 17th century. Today, it is one of the most deforested areas in Europe. There are twenty-six extant mammal species native to Ireland.
Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, particularly in the fields of literature and, to a lesser degree, science and education. A strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed for example through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language, alongside mainstream Western culture, such as contemporary music and drama, and a culture shared in common with Great Britain, as expressed through sports such as soccer, rugby, horse racing, and golf, and the English language.
Leading: Many thanks to you for your interesting information
Reflection.Were you attentive? Let me see. There are five questions about English speaking countries. Lets do a test. Choose the right variant. Circle or tick it.
1. What is the capital of New Zealand?
2. What is the emblem of Canada?
a) a maple leaf
b) a red rose
c) an eagle
3. Hows Australia called?
a) the melting pot
b) the worlds biggest farm
c) the lucky country
4. Which country has the largest population in the world?
a) the USA
b) the UK
5. Which is the seventh biggest city in English speaking countries?
Change your papers and check the tests up. (Pupils check their tests; the right answers are on the screen)
Leading: Why do you learn English?
Pupil 1: To my mind, English is the most popular language in the world. English is spoken in many countries, 30 or more. In different countries English is a bit different, but people can easily understand each other. English is an international language. It is used in international conferences and seminars. It is a language of business, culture, politics and finance. It is used in the Internet communication.
Pupil 2: I think English is a necessary and important subject at school. As for me I do my best for learning English. It will help me in my future. If you want to get a good job you should know English perfectly well. The more I learn English the better my English will be.
Pupil 3: You know Im a real football fan. I would like to visit Manchester one day. It would be great to watch a football match of my favorite football team “Manchester United”. It would be fantastic to see the play of my beloved football player Rooney. The more I learn English the easier I can understand the British. I do want to master my English.
Pupil 4: As a matter of fact Im a real traveler. Nothing is more pleasant than traveling round the world. Its fascinating to come to know about a country, its people, their traditions and customs. I would like to visit Britain one day. I wish my dream came true. It would be cool to make friends with a British girl or boy. Why not communicate on the Internet with him or her, itll be a good chance to practise my English. Itll be a chance in a million. I will never miss it.
The more I travel the more I learn. The more I master my English the better I speak and understand it.
Thank you for the lesson. You are bricks. I am very pleased and satisfied with you.
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