Заемный капитал и его источники формирования


Финансы и кредитные отношения

Краткосрочные Краткосрочные кредиты банков Краткосрочные займы Кредиторская задолженность По источникам привлечения: 1. Из внутренних источников кредиторская задолженность Цели привлечения: 1 инвестиционные цели создание запасов; 2 обеспечение непрерывности производственного процесса потребности пря в ресурсах. Кредиторская задолженность Задолженность поставщикам подрядчикам за выполненные работы поступившие ценности Начисленная но не выплаченная з...



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17.Заемный капитал и его источники формирования

Заемный капитал – совокупность заемных средств (денежных и материальных), авансированных в пр-е и приносящих прибыль.


По периоду привлечения:

1.    Долгосрочные (более 1 года)

·        Банковские кредиты

·        Займы от других пр-ий

·        Облигационные займы

2.    Краткосрочные

·       Краткосрочные кредиты банков

·       Краткосрочные займы

·       Кредиторская задолженность

По источникам привлечения:

1.    Из внешних источников (банковские кредиты, финансовые лизинги)

2.    Из внутренних источников (кредиторская задолженность)

Цели  привлечения: 1 – инвестиционные цели, создание запасов; 2 – обеспечение непрерывности производственного процесса, потребности пр-я в ресурсах.

По форме привлечения:

1.    Денежная форма

2.    В форме оборудования (лизинг)

3.    Коммерческий кредит - товарная форма

По методам привлечения:

1.    Кредит

2.    Лизинг

3.    Факторинг

4.    Эмиссия корпоративных облигаций

По форме обеспечения:

1.    Обеспеченные (залог, поручительство, неустойка, штраф,..)

2.    Необеспеченные

В составе заемного капитала в соответствии с пассивом баланса выделяют следующие элементы:

1.    Долгосрочные займы и кредиты

2.    Отложенные налоговые обязательства

3.    Прочие долгосрочные обязательства

4.    Краткосрочные займы и кредиты

5.    Кредиторская задолженность

·                        Задолженность поставщикам, подрядчикам за выполненные работы, поступившие ценности

·                        Начисленная, но не выплаченная з/п

·                        Задолженность по отчислениям в гос. соц-е фонды

·                        Задолженность перед бюджетом по уплате налогов

·                        Задолженность перед покупателями и заказчикам по полученным авансам

6.    Задолженность перед учредителями по выплате доходов (%, дивиденды)

7.    Доходы будущих периодов

8.    Резервы предстоящих расходов

9.    Прочие краткосрочные обязательства



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