Law profession in Great Britain


Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

For instnce the solicitors dels with petty crimes nd some mtrimonil mtters in mgistrtes’ courts. He my represent his client in the court when the cse is one of divorce or recovering with other mtters. Brristers re expects in the interprettion of the lw nd dvoccy – the rt of the presenting cses in court. They dvice on relly difficult points nd conduct legl proceedings in the higher courts.



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Law profession in Great Britain.

England is unique in having two different kinds of lawyers. They are solicitors and barristers.

Many problems are dealt with exclusively by a solicitor. For instance, the solicitors deals with petty crimes and some matrimonial matters in magistrates’ courts. He prepares the case and the evidence. He may represent his client in the court, when the case is one of divorce or recovering with other matters. He does the legal work involved in buying a house, he writes legal letters for you, he helps you to make a will, etc.

Barristers are different from solicitors. Barristers are expects in the interpretation of the law and advocacy – the art of the presenting cases in court. They advice on really difficult points, and conduct legal proceedings in the higher courts. Their work includes presenting evidence, making submission on behalf of their clients, representing parties in criminal trials, handing domestic  disputes in family courts, dealing with civil claims for damages and compensation. Barristers have an exclusive right of audience in the High Court, the Court of Appeal and the House of Lords.

Thus, we can say the distinction between barristers and solicitors is that the former are concerned with advocacy in court, while the latter are concerned with legal work out of court.

There is no judicial profession in England. All judges are appointed by the Lord Chancellor from among experienced barristers. The judge is obliged to enforce laws laid down by Parliament or created by more senior judges which he may, with justification, think unfair, absurd, or downright dangerous.

Eager or not, qualified or not, the judge cannot avoid acting as legislator in exceptional cases at the appellate level.