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Сущность и признаки поточного производства

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Производство и промышленные технологии

Наиболее прогрессивным методом организации производства является поточным. Для внедрения поточного производства создаются поточные линии представляемые собой совокупность рабочих мест расположенных в последовательности соответственной очередности операций ТП. Признаки поточного производства: на каждой поточной линии изготавливаются однотипные детали; на каждом рабочем месте а иногда и на нескольких предусмотрено выполнение определенных операций; рабочие места располагаются в соответствии с последовательность операций ТП; передача...

Русский

2013-11-18

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4 чел.

  1.  Сущность и признаки поточного производства.

Наиболее прогрессивным методом организации производства является поточным.

Поток – такая организация ПП, при которой все операции выполняются непрерывно и  ритмично, что повышает эффективность.

Для внедрения поточного производства создаются поточные линии представляемые собой совокупность рабочих мест расположенных в последовательности соответственной очередности операций ТП.

Признаки поточного производства:

- на каждой поточной линии изготавливаются однотипные детали;

- на каждом рабочем месте, а иногда и на нескольких предусмотрено выполнение определенных операций;

- рабочие места располагаются в соответствии с последовательность операций ТП;

- передача предметов труда осуществляется по параллельному или параллельно-последовательному виду;

- обработанный на предыдущей операции предмет труда передается на следующую операцию ТП обычно без межоперационного пролеживания, либо с короткими перерывами;

- рабочие места оснащаются чаще всего специальным оборудованием, часто специальной оснасткой и специальными не съемными приспособлениями, соединяются специальными межоперационными транспортными устройствами, а так же загрузочно-разгрузочными устройствами;

- все операции ТП осуществляются с соблюдениями определенного ритма производства, т.е. на каждую операцию время должно быть кратным или равно такту потока.


 

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