World AIDS Day is December 1st
Педагогика и дидактика
Ukraine has an HIV/AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS estimates the number of people infected with HIV/AIDS to be between 260 000 and 590 000. The cases of HIV have doubled every year for the past three years. Experts estimate that 1.4 percent of the adult population is HIV positive or has AIDS. This is the highest rate of infection in Eastern Europe and the CIS states. Unfortunately, it is also estimated that about 90 percent of these people don't know, and arent registered with the government thus not receiving the treatment.
Get your Red Ribbons out:
World AIDS Day is December 1st
Demonstration Lesson Level-pre-intermediate
Educational: to mark World AIDS Day? December 1st
Practical: to teach students to read texts and practice vocabulary using dictionaries, to share, discuss and exchange opinions.
Language: to train four types of student's language skills; reading, writing, listening and speaking.
Developing: to teach students to respect one's rights and freedoms, to increase student's knowledge about HIV and what AIDS is.
Materials needed: World map; question cards; question box, red ribbons.
Pre-session: Arrange students into groups of approx four or five. Hang world map at the front of the class. Write «HIV=BIЛ and AIDS=CHІД/СПИД» under map. Set red ribbons out on the table near the map for students to take after session.
Get your Red Ribbons out: World AIDS Day is December 1st
T: December 1 is designated as World AIDS Day. Created in 1988, World AIDS Day is a day dedicated to increasing awareness, education and fighting prejudice. This day is important because it reminds everyone that HIV has not disappeared and there is a lot that can be done to fight the virus.
Ukraine has an HIV/AIDS epidemic. UNAIDS estimates the number of people infected with HIV/AIDS to be between 260 000 and 590 000. The cases of HIV have doubled every year for the past three years. Experts estimate that 1.4 percent of the adult population is HIV positive or has AIDS. This is the highest rate of infection in Eastern Europe and the CIS states. Unfortunately, it is also estimated that about 90 percent of these people don't know, and aren't registered with the government thus not receiving the treatment. Why would people try to hide their status even if it meant not being treated? Because here in Ukraine there is also a stigmatism associated with HIV and AIDS. A study done by AIDS Foundation East-West and the Ukrainian Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS found that more than 70 percent of Ukrainians felt that the HIV positive person is at least partly to blame for becoming infected (Kyiv Post, Aug. 11, 2005).
This stigmatism may arise for many reasons, but one is that there is a lack of education about the virus. Many people don't understand which ways HIV can be transmitted or that there is even an epidemic in this country. This is where PCVs can make a difference, especially on World AIDS Day.
T: *Blood*Sexual Fluids*Breast Milk*
HIV is present in these bodily fluids of an infested person and can be passed on to another person by:
P1. Having unprotected sexual intercourse with someone who is infected.
P2. Sharing needles or body piercing equipment with«someone who is infected.
P3. Allowing infected fluids to get into a cut or sore anywhere on your body.
P4: Babies born to HIV positive women can be infected during pregnancy and birth or through breast feeding.
P5. HIV is present in the saliva of an infected person, but not in quantities sufficient enough to transmit infection. Once infection fluids have dried, the risk of them transmitting the virus is considered to be close to zero.
For more information:
If you want to find out more about HIV/AIDS and find available lesson plans, visit the HIV/AIDS Working Group website at: http://hiv-aids.pcukraine.org/index.php. You can also visit the Resource Center and check out Sound Mind, Sound Body. There are also some excellent websites including: http://www.avert.org/worldaid.htm or http://www.aidsalliance.org. The AVERT website has some posters and booklets that can be downloaded from their educational section.
This activity is designed for students from 9th-11 forms and can also be used in colleges and pedagogical institutions and other groups of adult learners. Group size can vary. This activity should take approximately 45 minutes, depending on the length of the discussions and the English level of your students. It is meant to be modified by you for your different group(s).
PCVs have additional access to information on HIV/AIDS from the PC Resource Center in Kyiv, on-line (http://hiv-aids.pcukraine.org/) and from HIV/AIDS working group members. You are also encouraged to learn something new about HIV/AIDS to share with those around you on this year's World AIDS Day.
Materials needed: World map; Question cards; Question Box; red ribbons
Pre-session: Arrange students into groups of approx four or five. Hang world map at the front of the class. Write "HIV=BIJ1 and AIDS=CHIfl/CriMfl" under map. Set red ribbons out on table near the map for students to take after session.
Warm-up: In groups, students should name as many places as they can where they have seen red ribbons. Which group can identify the most places? Then ask each group to think together about the meaning of the red ribbon and then share in a large group.
Presentation of new material: Share information about World AIDS Day and that your students are part of a world-wide movement of discussing and educating as many people as possible about this deadly virus (sickness).
'Groups should then each pick out one question from the box and discuss together as a small group. After approx. 2-3 minutes, groups read question aloud and share what they came up with. Other groups should then add what they may already know. If something is unclear or an answer can't be found, use this as a learning opportunity and ask where they may be able to find such an answer. Questions are taken from
1. What is HIV and what is AIDS?
2. How can people get HIV? (How is/isn't this virus spread?)
3. How many people have HIV in the world?
4. What regions of the world have the highest rates of HIV infection? (use map!)
5. Can HIV be treated with medication?
6. Is there any discrimination or fear related to HIV and AIDS?
Application of new material: Final Question (first discuss in groups then together): How can we (you and I) prevent the spread of HIV and AIDS in the world? (We must teach others what we know and make them aware too!)
If students want to take a red ribbon, they must promise (written or verbal) that they will tell at least one other person about what they learned today and report back to PCV.
HIV can be transmitted in the following ways:
1. By eating food prepared by someone with HIV.
2. Sharing needles or body piercing equipment with someone who is infected.
3. Allowing infected fluids to get into a cut or sore anywhere on your body.
4. Through swimming pools.
5. Through contact with toilet seats.
6. Having unprotected sexual intercourse with someone who is infected.
7. By sharing cutlery (utensils = forks, knifes, spoons, etc.)
8. Being given a transfusion of infected blood.
9. Babies born to infected HIV positive women can be infected during pregnancy and birth or through breast feeding.
10. By kissing, touching or shaking hands.
11. Through insect and animal bites.
12. Through the air, or by coughing and sneezing.
Work in Groups
Groups think of as many arguments as possible to support their point of view.
At the end of the debate students vote for the point of view that has been most convincing.
HIV = Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HIV targets the immune system, the very system which would normally defend the body against infections. The virus attacks a particular type of white blood cells called CD4t cells. It hijacks the cell, inserts its own genes into the cell DNA and uses it to manufacture more virus particles. These go on to infect other cells. The CD4t host cells eventually die. although scientists don't know exactly how. The ability to fight diseases decreases as the number of CD4t cell drops until it reaches a critical point at which the patient is said to have
AIDS = Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
lowering the number of people infected with the virus
a serious disease caused by the HIN vims, which destroys the body's
natural protection from illness
Reducing its rates of infection
continually, without the possibility of it being stopped
to give a lot of attention to
a thin rubber covering that a man can wear on his penis to stop a woman from becoming pregnant, or to protect him and his partner against some diseases
very thin pieces of hollow metal used w?hen taking blood from the body or putting drugs in
usually go to
the act of supplying sex for money
groups of people who are at higher risk of being affected
* Practicing safe sex = always use a condom in a consistent and proper manner
* Abstinence is the best method to be 100% safe *Not sharing needles (drug users)
*Become aware of your environment. Even if you have had the same sexual partner for a long period of time, he or she may have cheated!
Your body is a temple! Guard it with your life!
Teacher organizes a debate on the topic:
«Myths of HIV
HIV cannot be caught»
Myths of HIV
HIV cannot be caught
Application of new material:
T: How can we (you and I) prevent the spread of HIV and AIDS in the world?
P: We must teach others what we know and make them aware too!
T: Pass out red ribbons. They are easy to make. You only need some red ribbon & a safety pin. The red ribbon is an international symbol of AIDS awareness.
Motivation of the marks.
Home-work: write an essay about World AIDS Day.
Гордієнко Н.Ю., вчитель англійської мови Смілянської спеціалізованої школи І-ІІІ ступенів №12 Смілянської міської ради Черкаської області
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