Personal Presentation

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

I am Ivan Dmitrenko. I am 17. I am a first-year student of National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”. I study at the Department of Mechanical Engineering. My major (speciality) is the Technology of Cutting. I am from Kharkiv.



94 KB

1 чел.

Unit 1. Personal Identification

Lesson 1. Personal Presentation

1.1. Усна тема. Презентація студента НТУ ХПІ

I am Ivan Dmitrenko. I am 17. I am a first-year student of National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”. I study at the Department of  Mechanical Engineering. My major (speciality) is the Technology of Cutting. I am from Kharkiv.

Вправа 2. Розкажіть про себе, взявши за зразок вправу 1.

I am ___ (name). I am ___ (age). I am a ___ year student of National Technical University. I study at ___ (department). My major is ___ (speciality). I am from ___ (town).  

1.5. Граматика. Іменники 

1.5.1. Множина іменників

Утворення множини іменника

Закінчення -s

Закінчення -es

Інша форма

a car – cars

an engine – engines

a tree – trees

a watch – watches

a dress – dresses

a dish – dishes

a box – boxes

a man – men

a woman – women

a child – children

a tooth – teeth

a goose – geese

a foot – feet

a mouse – mice

an axis – axes

a datum – data

a formula – formulae

a phenomenon – phenomena

a nucleus – nuclei

a boy – boys

a city – cities

a piano – pianos

a photo – photos

a potato – potatoes

a tomato – tomatoes

a roof – roofs

a cliff – cliffs

a gulf – gulfs

a safe – safes

a chief – chiefs

a leaf – leaves

a life – lives

a wolf – wolves

G Запам’ятайте!



a sheep


a deer


a swine


Вправа 5. Поставте слова у форму множини (не забудьте вилучити неозначений артикль).

A window, a plate, a box, a classroom, a baby, a knife, a chair, a bus, a tomato, a match, a bay, a house, a family, a log, a town, a shelf, a country, a tiger, a park.

Вправа 6. Поставте слова у форму множини. Майте на увазі: в множині неозначений артикль не вживається, означений артикль залишається.

A car, a mountain, a bed, a show, a king, the waiter, the teacher, a man, the man, a woman, the woman, an eye, a wolf, a fox, the city, a boy, a goose, the watch, a mouse, a dress, a toy, the sheep, a tooth, a child, the ox, a deer, the life, a potato, the piano.

1.5.2. Присвійний відмінок іменників

Іменник у присвійному відмінку відповідає на питання чий?


  •  Живі істоти



The man’s bag

The men’s bags

The boy’s bicycle

The boys’ bicycles

  •  А також:

a month’s holiday

today’s party

the country’s best opera house

Вправа 7. Запишіть речення іншим способом, використовуючи при-свійний відмінок іменників. 

1. The room of my granny. 2. The questions of my teacher. 3. The wife of my brother. 4. The skates of his sisters. 5. The poems of Akhmatova. 6. The voice of this girl. 7. The new club of the footballers. 8. The letter of her friend. 9. The car of my parents. 10. The lives of these women. 11. The cars of those men. 12. The flat of my sister is large. 13. The children of my uncle are at home. 14. The classroom of the students is large. 15. The name of this girl is Jane. 16. The work of these engineers is very important. 17. The greatest singer of the country. 18. The newspaper of this week. 19. The building of UN. 20. The voice of our teacher.

1.5.3. Ланцюжки іменників

Іменники, що стоять перед головним іменником (останнім у ланцюж-ку), виконують функцію означення. Переклад ланцюжка почина-ється з головного іменника.

{[A] + N} + ... + [A] + N

Умовні позначення: N – noun (іменник); Aприкметник (дієприкметник); {...}  елемент, який може повторюватись декілька разів; [...]  необов’яз-ковий елемент.


wheel suspensionпідвіска коліс;

alternating current circuitколо змінного струму;

world football championshipчемпіонат світу з футболу;

electric charge time constantпостійна часу електричного заряду.

Вправа 8. Перекладіть словосполучення:

spaceship design; air resistance; planet surface; space flight danger; the low temperature nitrogen adsorption measurement; control equipment; equipment control; thermoelectric generator development; fuel supply; household goods; steam engine invention; the car speed calculation problem; a proposed invention application; liquid fuel rocket reconstruction; high market priсe; improved test program; load condition.

1.6. Домашнє завдання

G Запам’ятайте!

this is – these are

that is – those are

there is – there are

it is – they are

Вправа 9. Запишіть речення в множині.

1. This is a car. 2. This is a toy. 3. This is a puppy. 4. That is a plate. 5. That is a tower. 6. That is a bookcase. 7. Is this a sofa? 8. Is this an arm-chair? 9. Is this a man? 10. Is that a wall? 11. Is that a tram? 12. Is that a plane? 13. Is the window open? 14. Is the door closed? 15. Is the girl at the blackboard? 16. That is not a kangaroo. 17. That is not a garden. 18. That is not a bus. 19. That is the girl’s box. 20. That isn’t a goose. 21. This isn’t a mouse. 22. It is a sheep. 23. It is a cigarette. 24. It is a cat. 25. It is not a boy. 26. It isn’t a bag. 27. It isn’t a tree. 28. It is not a bad day. 29. It is a good house. 30. This is my friend’s study.


Вправа 10. Перекладіть речення письмово, звертаючи увагу на іменники в функції означення.

1. All language teaching methods must be based on some knowledge of the language taught. 2. The low temperature nitrogen adsorption measurements present the problem. 3. There are two types of discharge electron beam devices. 4. The larger the cross-section area of the wire the greater the possibility for the electron movement. 5. A direct current system has a great disadvantage. 6. There are a lot of types of special service motor cars. 7. These fuel elements consist of a large number of thin uranium dioxide rods. 8. A new hospital X-ray unit locates a bullet or shell fragment in one minute. 9. There are a lot of principal corrosion protection methods.

Lesson 2. My Family 

2.1. Усна тема. Моя сім’я

G  Active Vocabulary:

friendly – дружний; surgeon – хірург;  neither ... nor  – ні ... ні; handsome – красивий (про чоловіків); grey – сивий; sociable – товариський; overtime – понаднормово; nursery school – дитячий садок; nephew – племінник; separately – окремо.

Now I am going to tell you about my family. We are a family of five. We think we are a large, friendly and united family. So we are happy to be living together and getting on all right.

To begin with, I am going to talk about my dad. His name is Sergey Petrovich. He is 45. He works as a surgeon in a hospital. He is neither old, nor young. He is a good-looking man, handsome, rather thin with dark brown hair just beginning to get grey. He is a very sociable person. What I don’t like about my father is that he is always busy. He works overtime very often. He is a bread-maker in our family. He is fond of going to the country on weekends, because he enjoys working in the garden.

My mother’s name is Galina Nickolayevna. She is three years younger than my father. She works as a teacher at a nursery school. My mother is rather slim and pretty; she is always elegant and smart. In short, she is a pleasant-looking woman of about 40. She always has a lot of work to do at school and about the house. She is fond of her work and spends a lot of time there. But she has to cook the food for all the family at home. Shopping and cooking is nearly half a day’s work for her. But my granny and I have a habit of helping her about the house.

Boris is my elder brother. He is six years my senior. So he is 23 already. He has graduated from the University and he works as an economist now. He is married. His wife is a journalist. They are three in the family. They have got a child, my nephew. It is a lovely little boy of two with golden hair and dark blue eyes. He is full of joy and gaiety. My brother’s family lives separately.

And finally, a few words about my grandmother. My granny is my best friend, I must tell you. She is always ready to listen to my endless stories about my school life and my friends. She is retired now, but in her youth and her older age she worked as a teacher at school. She is a very understanding person, I must admit. 

Put it into a few words, we are a united and friendly family.

G  Запам’ятайте!

orphan – сирота; aunt – тітка; uncle – дядько; niece – племінниця; nephew – племінник; half-sister – зведена сестра; half-brother – зведений брат; mother-in-law – теща, свекруха; father-in-law – тесть, свекор; brother-in-law – зять, шурин, дівер; sister-in-law – невістка, своячениця; stepmother – мачуха; stepfather – вітчим; widow – вдова; widower – вдівець; fiance – наречений; fiancee – наречена; housewife – домогосподарка.

Вправа 3. Підберіть відповідне слово з наведених нижче, щоб допов-нити речення: aunt, cousin, father, brother, sister, grandfather, grand-mother, nephew, mother, uncle, niece.

1. My father’s wife is my ___. 2. My parents’ son is my ___. 3. My parents’ daughter is my ___. 4. My mother’s husband is my ___. 5. My mother’s father is my ___. 6. My father’s sister is my ___. 7. My mother’s brother is my ___. 8. My father’s mother is my ___. 9. My mother’s sister is my ___. 10. My uncle’s son is my ___. 11. My aunt’s son is my ___. 12. Peter is his uncle’s ___. 13 Ann is her aunt’s ___.

2.2. Письмові завдання

Вправа 5. Прочитайте текст та заповніть пропуски.


My _(1)_ is Lorenza Fiore. I’m 18 _(2)_ old and I’m from Lausanne _(3)_ Switzerland. I’ve _(4)_ three brothers and _(5)_ sister. I’m _(6)_ youngest. One of my brothers _(7)_ married. He and _(8)_ wife live in France.

My father is _(9)_ scientist. _(10)_ works at the Polytechnic Institute _(11)_ Lausanne. My mother is a doctor. _(12)_ works in a hospital. My _(13)_ comes from Ireland. She met my father when _(14)_ were students together in Trieste. They got married and went _(15)_ live in Switzerland. My father _(16)_ born in Venice, and _(17)_ grandparents are also from Italy. That’s why I’ve got _(18)_ Italian name.

I like riding horses, swimming, listening _(19)_ symphonic music and singing.

I learn English _(20)_ special courses. Now I want _(21)_ go to university to _(22)_ Physics. I want to be a scientist as my father. Most of all I’d _(23)_ to travel to other countries. That’s why _(24)_ want to learn English.

2.3. Граматика. Артиклі

Вживання артиклів





a (an)

  •  Вперше йде мова про предмет.
  •  В значенні числівника one.

This is a book.

Take an apple.



  •  Йде мова про вже відомий предмет.

I bought a book yesterday. The book is interesting.

  •  Є пояснення до предмета.

Take the book which is on the table.

  •  Коли ясно з контексту, який предмет мається на увазі.

Open the window, please.

  •  Перед географічними назвами (деяких країн, океанів, морів, рік, гірських масивів).

the USA, the Pacific Ocean, the Carpathians


  •  Перед власними іменами.

Kharkiv, England, Smith

  •  Перед речовинними іменниками.

snow, milk

  •  Перед назвами днів, місяців, пори року.

in October, in winter, on Friday

  •  Якщо перед іменниками стоїть займенник чи числівник.

this student, some books, five pens, three lessons

Вправа 6. Заповніть пропуски артиклями, якщо це необхідно.

  1.  He is ___ doctor. 2. ___ text-book is on ___ table. 3. Here is ___ book you want to read. 4. ___ Kyiv is ___ capital of ___ Ukraine. 5. This is ___ nice city. 6. All ___ students of our group attended ___ meeting. 7. I don’t know his ___ brother. 8. This ___ article is interesting. 9. Please, give me ___ black pencil. 10. We will go to ___ theatre tonight.
  2.  Вправа 7. Вставте артиклі a, an, the або займенник some, де необхідно.

1. We have ___ large ___ family. 2. My granny often tells us ___ long ___ interesting stories. 3. My ___ father is ___ engineer. He works at ___ factory. ___ factory is large. 4. My ___ mother is ___ doctor. She works at ___ large ___ hospital. She is at ___ work now. 5. My ___ aunt is ___ teacher. She works at ___ school. ___ school is good. My ___ aunt is not at ___ school now. She is at ___ home. She is drinking ___ tea and eating ___ jam. ___ jam is sweet. I am at ___ home, too. I am drinking ___ tea.  I put ___ jam into ___ tea. I am also eating ___ sandwich. ___ sandwich is tasty. 6. My sister is at ___ school. She is ___ pupil. 7. My cousin has ___ big ___ black ___ cat. My cousin’s ___ cat has two ___ kittens. ___ cat likes ___ milk. ___ kittens like ___ milk, too. I will give them ___ milk. 8. ___ Dnieper is ___ longest river in ___ Ukraine. 9. There is ___ new monument in ___ square. 10. There is ___ snow on ___ top of your car.

2.4. Домашнє завдання

Вправа 8. Вставте артиклі a, an, the або займенник some, де необхідно.

1. There are three rooms and ___ kitchen in our new flat. 2. My new dress is made of ___ silk. 3. If you want to write something on ___ blackboard, you must have ___ piece of ___ chalk. 4. Are there any students in ___ classroom? 5. I have ___ new English book. ___ book is very interesting. 6. There is ___ garden in ___ front of our university. ___ garden is not large, but it is very nice. 7. ___May is ___ fifth month of the year. 8. ___ Saturday is ___ sixth day of the week. 9. There is ___ coffee in the cup. ___ coffee is black. 10. My brother found out ___ interesting facts about ___ history of ___ our city.

Вправа 9. Напишіть та вивчіть розповідь про свою родину (1012 речень).


А также другие работы, которые могут Вас заинтересовать

76655. Многостанционный доступ с кодовым разделением 737 KB
  Общие положения; функции Уолша; корреляция и ортогональные функции Уолша; неортогональные псевдослучайные функции; ортогональное расширение с использованием функций Уолша; аутентификация и шифрование
76656. Участие в долевом строительстве многоквартирных домов 44.72 KB
  В условиях переходы к рыночной экономике получила распространение такая форма приобретения гражданами жилья, как участие в долевом строительстве. Первым специальным законом, регулирующим данную сферу, стал федеральный закон...
76657. Правила надання готельних послуг 42.28 KB
  Для зберігання речей і цінностей готелі надають камери схову та сейфи в номерах або у адміністратора. У готелі організується розвантаження, навантаження і доставка багажу в номер посильними, які оплачуються чайовими. Також чайовими оплачується доставка харчування в номер.
  Надо отметить, что эти толкования не имеют принципиальных отличий друг от друга и разделяются только в частных моментах. Популярность того или иного толкования (мазхаб) зависит главным образом от традиций, существующих в той или иной исламской стране.
76662. Сүйінбай Аронұлы 896.04 KB
  Тарихи деректерде Қоқан хандығы шапқыншылығының әсерінен жан-жаққа бытырай көшіп, қиын-қыстау кезеңде (1840 – 1860) іргесі ыдыраған қазақ руларының басын біріктіруде Сүйінбай мен Сарыбай бидің ықпалы зор болғандығы айтылады.
76663. Методи вимірювання твердості матеріалів 162.5 KB
  Метод Брінелля — твердість визначається за діаметром відбитка, який залишає металева кулька, що втискується у поверхню. Твердість обчислюється як відношення зусилля, прикладеного до кульки, до площі відбитка (причому площа відбитка береться як площа частини сфери, а не як площа кола)...