Методична розробка уроку з англійської мови «В аптеці» для учнів 10 - 11 класів
Педагогика и дидактика
Актуальність теми полягає у постійно зростаючій потребі людей у кваліфікованому та грамотному обслуговуванні представниками такої важливої професії, як фармацевт. Значення роботи аптекаря усвідомлюється саме в час різкого підвищення рівня захворюваності населення, а саме в зимовий період.
Методична розробка уроку з англійської мови «В аптеці» для учнів 10 - 11 класів
Ірина Іванівна Ігнацевич,
викладач англійської мови
Чортківського державного медичного коледжу
Тема: В аптеці.
Актуальність теми: актуальність теми полягає у постійно зростаючій потребі людей у кваліфікованому та грамотному обслуговуванні представниками такої важливої професії, як фармацевт. Значення роботи аптекаря усвідомлюється саме в час різкого підвищення рівня захворюваності населення, а саме в зимовий період.
Мета: 1. Навчальна: навчити вільно висловлювати думки англійською мовою на тему "В аптеці", правильно вживати вивчену лексику, давати визначення понять та медичних термінів з опорою на словник та здогад, давати відповіді на запитання.
2. Практична: практикувати в монологічному та діалогічному мовленні за темою заняття; тренувати в підготовленому переході від однієї системи комунікації до іншої, закріпити лексику та фразеологічні конструкції.
3. Розвиваюча: розвивати навички читання, письма, розповідь та слухання; розвивати логічне та аналітичне мислення, уяву та пам'ять; навички зв'язного мовлення та відчуття мови.
4. Виховна: виховувати свідоме ставлення до збереження здоровя, професіоналізм, позитивне та відповідальне ставлення до своєї майбутньої професії, любов до ближнього.
Тип заняття: підсумкове практичне заняття
Тривалість: 90 хвилин
Обладнання: роздатковий матеріал із завданнями на тему "В аптеці" (діалоги, таблички), відеозапис, мульти-медійна техніка, макети лікарських препаратів.
Good morning, dear friends! Im very glad to see you. So, lets begin.
1.2. The Moment of Organisation
Who is on duty today?
Who is absent?
Let's call the register.
1.3.A topic and aims of the class
Dear friends. Today were having a summing up meeting devoted to the place where youll work in the nearest future to the pharmacy. You have already read many texts about medications, their action, dosage, interaction with other substances, about pharmacists as health professionals and their roles in the primary healthcare of patients. During the meeting well try to revise all this material and get to know some interesting and important facts related to our topic.
Task 1.To revise the lexical material we shall make up a simple brainstorm round the word. All of you are supposed to give associations on the topic. All parts of speech are accepted: nouns, verbs, adjectives etc.
Task 2. Make up your own sentences with the words. You've got 5 minutes.
Are there any questions so far? You are welcome to ask. Let's check the
sentences. Are there any voluntares?
Task 3. Match the synonyms.
Task 4. Select the one word in a line which doesn't belong there:
1) fever, headache, treatment, insomnia;
2) drops, pain, hurt, ache;
3) surgeon, therapeutist, ambulance, physician;
4) examine, prescribe, consult, cough;
5) medicines, appointment, pills, ointment;
6) give injection, measure blood pressure, gargle throat, cause complications.
III. Home Task Review
What was your home task for today?
You are sure to know about commercials special video clips, which offer to the customers the most brandnew and effective devices or products.
There is a lot of commercial on TV.
A special place is occupied by the pharmaceuticals. Your task for today was to draw and prepare a good adverticenemt of any medicine and present it to the rest of students. Your group was divided into three smaller groups. Which group is ready to strat?
Now let's choose which commercial is the most conviencing, welldone or most original.
All you projects are very interesting and well prepared. Thank you for presentation.
IV. Question-answer practice
Now lets have a quiz. Your task is to guess the word from the definition. If you put together the first letters of these words youll get a phrase.
in the blood (Leukemia)
So, weve got a phrase: “Pharmacies in the world.” Its the title of our conference. We have learned a lot of interesting facts about pharmacies in our country. But countries are different and according to this statement there are some differences in their systems of healthcare.
So, while reading and listening to the information about the pharmacies in the world you must fill this table. Be very attentive, try to find all differences and write them down in the chart.
Pharmacies in the world
controled medicines are provided on prescription
all medicines are provided without prescription
Non-prescription medicines are sold in supermarkets
medicines are sold only in specialized drug-stores
there are some additional services provided
Pharmacies in Spain
Pharmacies in Spain sell only products that relate to physical health and cleanliness. One will find both over-the-counter and prescription medications, skin care products, make-up, nutritional supplements, orthopedic shoes and supports, bandages, and baby products. Pharmacists are trained to take blood pressure and to help in choosing over-the-counter medications. A scale is normally available for customer use. Generally, antibiotics and more potent medications require a doctors prescription. Over-the-counter medications do not tend to be expensive; however, more specific medications can be.
Pharmacies are open on a daily basis from 8:00 2:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m. - 8:00 p.m., and then take turns being on call for emergency, after-hours clientele. A weekly schedule of 24-hour pharmacies is posted both in the local daily newspaper and on a sign inside each pharmacy.
Pharmacies in Italy
In Italy, pharmacies only sell products that are directly related to the body. One will find prescription and over-the-counter medicines, beauty and skin care products, personal hygiene products and diapers and lotions for babies. Generally there is a scale for customers, and the pharmacist is available to take blood pressure and give advice regarding over-the-counter medications. Pharmacies are not usually self-service, so the customer must ask the pharmacist for everything desired. Outside the door of each pharmacy is a list of pharmacies open all night for each night of the week. When a pharmacy is "on call," it means that there is an employee on the premises available to sell medicine through a special window created for after-hours customers.
Pharmacies in Korea
The pharmacist performs many diagnostic services and dispenses medicines. Prescriptions are not necessary. It is good to remember that medicines like aspirin and toiletries like hair coloring and toothpaste are only available in the pharmacy. Birth control pills are sold without prescription; all feminine hygiene and birth control substances are considered very private matters. Birth control pills are sold without prescription; all feminine hygiene and birth control substances are considered very private matters.
Pharmacies in Germany
In Germany, medicine is only for sale at the pharmacy, and most medicines require a prescription with the exception of very common drugs such as aspirin. Pharmacies sell a small selection of beauty products, and most of them provide scales. The pharmacist is usualy available to take blood pressures. Hours of operation are similar to those of other stores, but in each district there is always one pharmacy open 24 hours a day. The name and address of the districts emergency pharmacy can be found on a sign at the entrance of every pharmacy. When shopping at the emergency pharmacy, one can expect to pay an additional charge.
Pharmacies in France
The pharmacy is the only place to buy medication other than aspirin and cold medication, which can be bought at the supermarket. Most of the medications require a prescription. Only doctors can write prescriptions. It is very easy to get a doctor's appointment; the co-pay for residents of France is between 18-22 Euro for a regular visit; to see a specialist costs more. Prices for foreigners may vary depending upon their insurance policies. In every district there is a pharmacy open 24-hours. A pharmacist will always be able to provide a doctor's name and address.
Besides mainstream medicine, there is a growing interest in alternative health practices such as homeopathy, naturopathy, acupuncture, massage therapy, herbal remedies, organic food, and other forms of energy medicines and healing.
Pharmacies in Canada
It is rare to find a store in Canada that sells only medicine and health products. It is the norm to have larger chain stores that sell items ranging from a wide array of beauty and health products to various household and stationery items. These stores would have a counter in the back where there is a pharmacist on duty to fill prescriptions. Most pharmacies are open until midnight or 1:00 a.m. It is also possible to find pharmacies open 24-hours in an emergency.
4.3. Listen and argue
Pharmacist. The Nature of the Profession.
You know that a pharmacist is the first person people consult in the case of health disorder. That's why he should be able to give a professional completely relevant and helpful advice, though of general character.
Now your task is to decide which of the following duties belongs to the chemist and which to the doctor.
the duties of the doctor
the duties of the chemist
What conclusion can we draw by now?
What is the Role of a Pharmacist?
What is the difference between duties of a doctor and a chemist?
Pharmacy is the health profession that links the science of drug action in living systems with the use of medicine in patients. The goal of pharmacy is the development and use of medicine to cure, prevent; or ease the symptoms of disease. Pharmacists are the link between the science of pharmacy and the patient
Pharmacists interpret prescriptions from physicians, then prepare and dispense the medications. They provide the physician and patients with information about the uses, effects and interactions of medicines. They also assist patients in choosing nonprescription medicines and health roducts and may counsel a patient to seek the advice and treatment of a physician, dentist, or other health practitioner
Pharmacy personnel are important members of a rapidly expanding healthcare team.
4.4. Interactive dialogue with a Customer
There are 7 customers. Imagine that you are a chemist. Choose one customer and answer his question. Try to be either professional or of help.
1) What basic items should be stored in a well-stocked medicine cabinet?
2) I've heard that you should pay attention to the expiration date on your prescription medication. Is that true?
3) Does it make a difference where medicines are stored in my house?
4) How can I avoid taking too much prescription medicine?
5) What should I drink when I take my medications?
6) How do I know if a nonprescription medication is working?
7) How can my pharmacist help me with my medication questions?
4.5. Jokes on Pharmacy
Now you'll be divided into three groups. Your task is to read the following replics and to disipher the encoded ones. The following funny stories are based on American sense of humor. There is no guarantee that they will work with farmacists in our country.
Pharmacy Technician: - Every pharmacist should have at least one pharmacy technician.
Pharmacist: - Why is that?
Ph. Tec.: - Sooner or later something will go wrong and he will need someone to blame it on.
Customer: - Why is that patient jumping up and down
Pharmacist: - 8,5,20,15,15,11,8,9,19,13,5,4, 9,3,9,14, 5,1,14,4,4,9,4,14,15,20,
Pharmacist: - He took his medicine and did not shake the bottle.
Customer:- Whats new in product development?
Pharmacist: - A new tablet that is 8,1,12,6,1,19,16,9,18,9,14,1,14,4,8,1,12,
Pharmacist: -... half aspirin and half glue. It is for splitting headaches!
4.6. Scrambled Dialogues
Some phrases in the following dialogues are displaced, in other words, they have been scrambled. Your task is to read them, to translate and to bring them into order. Each group will have its own dialogue. Make up the dialogue, and then practice it with your partner.
the safer-for-the-stomach one?
Panadol. Its like aspirin.
buy this medicine?
4.7. Listening Comprehension
Now you are to listen to the conversation between the customer and the chemist. Your task is:
At the Chemist's
1.Chemist Hello, can I help you?
2.Customer Yes, I have a bad cold. What would you recommend me?
1. Let me see, I think Gripex will do. By the way, are you sure you have cold? What do you suffer from?
2. You see, I have a splitting headache and a running nose.
1. Is that all? Is there something you dont pay attention to?
2. I guess so. I have a backache too and some discomfort in my throat.
1. Have you taken your temperature today? You have to consult a doctor.
2. I was too busy to go to the therapeutist. My temperature yesterday was 38 and 2 degrees.
1. Youve got a high temperature, a sore throat and a backache. It must be influenza.
1. Sure, I mean flu. Youd better stay at home and drink more fluid.
2. And what about medicines?
1. I advise you some hot relief, Panadol pills to put the temperature down and nasal drops.
2. How should I take them? Are they safe for my stomack? I must say I hate pills.
1. You'd better take Panadol effervescent if you hate pills. Take it three times a day after meal. Make a water solution of the hot relief and take it two times a day.
2. Thank you very much. Ill follow your advice.
1. Youd better call for the therapeutist to get the sick leave.
2. Im sure to do so. Thank you again.
1. Recover soon.
Well done. Now you are supposed to dramatize the dialogue we have.
5. Summing up
So, my dear friends I must say, I'm very pleased with your work during the class. Now I would like to know what new have you learned today?
6. Ewaluation & Motivation
I think that your work deserves the highest appraisal. All the students receive good and excellent marks.
7. Home Task Explanation
Your home task for the next time is to make up the a short 5 minute report on the topic "An Ideal Pharmaceutist". Choose any form of report you like. Also you must review all words devoted to the topic "At the Pharmacy".
Thank you for your attention.
Have a nice day.
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