Australia. Terra Incognita

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Terr Incognit Suggested level B 1 B1 intermedite Inn brmovsk senior techer of English school 5 L' viv Objectives: to get cquinted with ustrlin history geogrphy stte Symbols; to prctice vocbulry; to develop pupils' listening reding nd speking skills; to rouse pupils' interests in the life of ustrlin people. The Ntionl nthem...



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                                Australia. "Terra Incognita"


 Suggested level --- B 1, B1 + intermediate

    Inna Abramovska,

    a senior teacher of English,

    school # 5,

    L' viv




    -- to get acquainted with Australian history, geography, state Symbols;

    -- to practice vocabulary;

    -- to develop pupils' listening, reading and speaking skills;

    -- to arouse pupils' interests in the life of Australian people.


Equipment: posters, handouts, photos, a map.


     1. Introduction

   T: Dear pupils, I'm glad to see you again. I’m sure you expect me to tell something extraordinary or special. You’re right. We are going to speak about the most mysterious country of the world. I suppose while listening to the Anthem of the country you’ll guess what country we’ll visit. Please stand up and listen to one part of the Anthem.

                      The National Anthem

                      “Advance Australia Fair"

 Australians all let us rejoice,

 For we are young and free;

 We’ve golden soil and wealth for toil,

 Our home is girt by sea;

            Our land abounds in Nature's gifts

            Of beauty rich and rare;

            In history's page, let every stage

            Advance Australia fair!

   T: Pupils, have you guessed what country it is. Certainly you're right, it’s Australia.

      Now pupils, let's listen to the Anthem up to the end and fill the gaps according to the song.

  In joyful strains then let us ---,(sing)

 “Advance Australia Fair"

  Beneath our radiant Southern ---(Cross)

  We'll toil with hearts and ---;(hands)

               To make this Commonwealth of ---(ours)

               Renowned of all the ---;(lands)

               For those who've come across the --- (seas)

               We've boundless plains to ---;(share)

  With courage let us all ---(combine)

  To advance Australia fair

  In joyful strains then let us ---,(sing)

 "Advance Australia Fair!"

    2. Warming up

T: So pupils it's quite clear that the theme of our lesson is Australia. Please, answer my questions:

  •  What interesting facts do you know about Australia?
  •  Why do people call it terra - incognita?
  •  Do you know any exotic animals in Australia?
  •  Have you ever been to Australia?

  3. Main Part

a) Phonetic drill. T: Pupils, look at the blackboard and repeat the following words after me:

     Australia         marsupial

     Tasmania        convicts

     Melbourne      eucalyptus

     Aborigines      Mount Kosciusko, Southern Hemisphere

 b) Team work. T: Pupils, please come here. In the box there are different colours, choose one and you will know what team to join. One team "Red" using the factfile will speak about the geographical position of the country near the map, the other team "Blue" will ask them questions for additional information.

Take cards with your tasks:

        Location: the Southern Hemisphere

        Situation: the biggest island or the smallest continent

        Washed: the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean;

        Territory: more than 7ml. sq. kilometers;

        Population: 17 ml. inhabitants;

        Native people: Aborigines;

        Surface: low, flat desert;

        Highest point: Mount Kosciusko

  c) Listening Comprehension.  

   T: The climate of the country is highly influenced by its geographical position. So listen to the text about Australia’s climate.

 Australia is the smallest continent of the world. It lies in the Southern Hemisphere. So most of Australia's climate is hot. The record temperature was recorded in 1889 at 51.3 degrees Celsius. An easy way to tell what season it is in Australia is to relate it to what season it is in Ukraine. If the season is winter in Ukraine then it's summer in Australia. When the season is summer in Ukraine it is winter in Australia. In the north, half of the year is "wet", and half is "dry". From November to April heavy rains fill the rivers and make enormous lakes where thousands of birds come for the summer. From May to October it is often sunny and dry for weeks, and it is popular place for winter holidays in the sun.

 Most of Australia's population lives in the south and east of the country, where the summers are warm and the winters not cold. The only place where snow falls in Australia is in the south - east and Tasmania. Tasmania is cooler and wetter than the rest of Australia, with high mountains, thick forests and some of the world's oldest trees.


d) After listening

   T: Say if these statements are True or False:

   * Australia is the largest continent of the world;

   * Most of Australia's climate is hot;

   * The record temperature at 51.3 degrees Celsius was in 1890;

   * When it is summer in Australia it is also summer in Ukraine;

   * November and April are famous for their heavy rains;

   * Popular time for winter holidays is from May to October

   * Most of Australian population lives in the south and west;

   * There is a place in Australia where you can see snow;

   * Tasmania is cooler and wetter than the rest of Australia.

   Key: 1) F; 2) T; 3) F; 4) F; 5) F; 6) F; 7) F; 8) T; 9) T.

 T: Speaking about Australia you can come across new words. In your handouts match words with their definitions:

  1.  cattle
  2.  cave
  3.  convict
  4.  desert
  5.  enormous
  6.  festival
  7.  flat
  8.  harbour
  9.  marsupial
  10.  state                           
  1.  without hills or mountains;
  2.  a place where ships can stop safety next to the land;
  3.  an animal with an external abdominal pouch for nourishing and carrying;
  4.  a part of a large country which has its own government;
  5.  a large animal that gives us milk or meat;
  6.  very very big;
  7.  a criminal who has been sent to prison;
  8.  a hot dry place without water or trees;
  9.  a hole in the side of a hill or under the ground;
  10.  a time when a lot of events music films organised in one place

   Key: 1) e; 2) i; 3) g; 4) h; 5 f; 6) j; 7) a; 8) b; 9) c; 10) d.


e) Reading Comprehension. T: There is no country without past so I advise you to read the text about Australia's past to understand present.

Aboriginal rock paintings

“Australia’s Past”

  The first people, who came to Australia more than 40 thousand years ago, were the Aborigines.

  Chinese sailors visited this continent 2,500 years ago, and Dutch sailors - William Jansz in 1606 and Abel Tasman in 1642 came much later. In 1770 the British sailor Captain James Cook landed on the east coast, and raised Union Jack to claim it for Britain. It was the beginning of a terrible time for the Aborigines.

    Britain soon started to send convicts to the new country. In the spring of 1787, eleven ships with 772 convicts left England for Australia. They reached Port Jackson - now Sydney in January 1788.

  Life was very difficult for the convicts, and they had to work very hard, making roads, buildings and farms and simply to survive.

    In 1851 gold was found in New South Wales and Victoria. Thousands of Australians then people from North America, Britain, New Zealand, China went looking for gold. The population grew very quickly, and in 10 years it grew from 400,000 to 1,200,000 inhabitants. With the gold came new roads, railways and new cities.

     On 1 January 1901 the six states united in one country. After 1945 people from other European countries, like Italy, Germany, Greece and Holland started coming to Australia. Since 1945 more than 3 million people have moved there, and recently people from Vietnam and Kampuchea have also moved there.

  f) After reading.

  T: Choose the right item to complete the following sentences:

     1) The first people in Australia were -------

     2) The smallest continent was visited by------

     3) James Cook said that Australia --------

     4) The first white settlers from Britain were -------

     5) The previous name of Sydney was --------

     6) Thousands of people went to Australia looking for -------

     7) On 1 January 1901 the six Australian states became ------

     8) With the discovery of gold came -------

     9) A lot of immigrants began coming to Australia from ------

  Key: 1) Aborigines; 2) Chinese, Dutch and British sailors; 3) belonged to Britain; 4) convicts; 5) Port Jackson; 6) gold; 7) one country; 8) came new roads, railways and growing cities; 9) Italy, Germany, Greece and Holland.

 T: Dear pupils, our lesson is coming to its end. We’ve worked very hard. We’ve learnt a lot of useful information about Australia. Probably you'll use it at your geography and history lessons. I'll be glad if you are a success. To summarise what we've learnt I've prepared a History Quiz. Let's write it in your exercise books.

                 g) History Quiz

      1) In 1700 Australia was visited by                  a) Abel Tasman

                                                                    b) Chinese sailors;

                                                                    c) James Cook


      2) The native population is                                a) Maory

                                                                     b) Aborigines

                                                                     c) Indians

     3) In 1851 people came to Australia to find      a) silver

                                                                      b) gold

                                                                      c) timber

     4) The most territory of Australia is                  a) a desert

                                                                      b) mountainous;

                                                                      c) flat

     5) In the past people came to Australia from                 a) the USA

                                                                      b) Britain;

                                                                      c) Germany.


     6) The capital of Australia is                             a) Melbourne;

                                                                       b) Sydney;

                                                                       c) Canberra.

   Key: 1) James Cook; 2) Aborigines 3) gold; 4) a desert; 5) Britain; 6) Canberra

 T: Pupils, your home assignment is to speak about Australia's past and geography, and try to find material about Australia's wild life.

   Dear pupils, thank you for being so hard-working, persistent and keen. Our lesson is over.



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