52408

Chernobyl Tragedy

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

On April 26, 1986, the number four reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in the former Soviet Union exploded, causing the worst nuclear accident in history. Further explosions and the resulting fire released more than eight tons of highly radioactive fallout into the atmosphere. Nearly thirty to forty times more fallout was released than had been by the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Английский

2014-02-15

76.5 KB

3 чел.

Chernobyl Tragedy

Цели урока:

  1.  Расширить активный словарный запас учащихся.
  2.  Тренировать учащихся в чтении текста публицистического характера с целью получения информации на уровне полного или частичного понимания с использованием разноплановых заданий.
  3.  Развивать лексическую догадку, быстроту реакции, гибкость мышления.
  4.  Способствовать осознанию учащимися разрушительных последствий экологических катастроф масштаба Чернобыльской трагедии для человечества и предотвращения их в будущем.

Chernobyl Tragedy

Pre-reading activity

Answer the questions

What happened on the 26-th of April, 1986?

Why do people call the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear plant a tragedy?

Do you know how many people suffered?

How has the world changed since that time?

What did that tragedy show to the whole world?

While-reading activity

         On April 26, 1986, the number four reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in the former Soviet Union exploded, causing the worst nuclear accident in history. Further explosions and the resulting fire released more than eight tons of highly radioactive fallout into the atmosphere. Nearly thirty to forty times more fallout was released than had been by the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

          As a result of the disaster, a territory of 160,000 square kilometres was contaminated. Among the most affected areas were northern Ukraine, western Russia and Belarus. Slighter levels of contamination were detected over all of Europe.

         In the aftermath of the accident, 237 people suffered from acute radiation sickness, of whom 31 died on the spot. On the whole  more than 3.2 million people were affected by radiation. Some experts predict thousands of extra cancer deaths as a result of the disaster.

        After the disaster, four square kilometres of pine forest directly downwind of the reactor turned reddish-brown and died, earning the name of the "Red Forest". Some animals in the worst-hit areas also died or stopped reproducing.

        The Chernobyl disaster also forced the evacuation of hundreds of thousands of people. People were asked to prepare for temporary evacuation, to lock their doors and shut down water and gas lines (as after several days they would for sure come back home). But they did not come back in several days or even in several years. Most of the residents left their personal belongings, which are still there today. An exclusion zone of 30 km remains in place today, although its shape has changed and its size has been expanded. The land surrounding Chernobyl will remain contaminated for tens of thousands of years.

        The fires at the number four reactor were extinguished by 5:00 on the same day of explosion. The fire inside reactor 4 continued to burn until 10 May 1986. The fire was extinguished by a combined effort of helicopters dropping over 5,000 metric tons of sand, lead, clay, and boric acid onto the burning reactor.

         In the months after the blast, by December 1986 workers hastily built a so-called sarcophagus to block off the radiation  but it has already exceeded its proposed service life. Now Ukraine, along with the European Union and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, is building a new shelter, known as the New Safe Confinement, to cover the ruins of Chernobyl's No 4 reactor and the existing sarcophagus. The shelter, designed to last 100 years, which will look like a giant arch - as tall as St Paul's cathedral or the Statue of Liberty- is supposed to be in place in 2015.

         During the memorial events dedicated to the 25-th anniversary of the tragic date in Ukraine’s history President Viktor Yanukovych said that the Soviet-era disaster at Chernobyl in 1986 had left Ukraine with a “deep wound which it will have to cope with for many years.”

Match words with similar meanings

1. release

a) осадки

2. fallout

b) зона отчуждения

3. contaminate

c) тушить

4. acute radiation sickness

d) справиться

5. exclusion zone

e) выпускать

6. extinguish

f) предполагаемый срок службы

7. cope with

g) заражать

8. proposed service life

h) острая лучевая болезнь

Keys: 1e), 2a), 3g), 4h), 5b), 6c), 7d), 8f).

Synonyms matching

1. accident                    a) shelter                     7. release                g) at once                                                        

2. former                       b)devoted                   8. combined           h) incident                                                        

3. aftermath                  c) debris                      9. ruins                   i) consequence                                

4. hastily                       d) joint                        10. sarcophagus     j) impact                            

5. affect                        e) emit                        11. dedicated          k) put out                          

6. extinguish                 f) ex-                          12. on the spot        l) in a hurry                                                        

                                                                           

Keys: 1h), 2f), 3i), 4l), 5j), 6k), 7e), 8d), 9c), 10a), 11b), 12g).

Phrase matching

1. the worst                   a) evacuation               7. temporary           g)  nuclear disaster                          

2. further                       b) zone                         8. exclusion            h) wound          

3. highly                        c)  efforts                     9. combined           i)  radioactive fallout                       

4. the most                    d)  events                     10. proposed           j) of contamination                                        

5. level                           e) service life              11. memorial          k) effected areas                         

6. acute                          f) explosions                12. deep                 l) radiation sickness               

Keys: 1g), 2f), 3i), 4k), 5j), 6l), 7a), 8b), 9c), 10e), 11d), 12h).

Post-Reading activity

DISASTERS: Which are the scariest? Rank these and share your rankings with your partner. Put the scariest at the top. Change partners and share your rankings again.

  •  nuclear disaster
  •  tsunami
  •  hurricane/typhoon
  •  avalanche
  •  famine
  •  earthquake
  •  war
  •  wildfires

Work group

Pupils work in groups and find out what the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster are and make a plan to the text.

The disastrous consequences of the Chernobyl tragedy

  1.  Many people were affected by radiation and died afterwards.
  2.  The environment nearly in every country in the northern hemisphere was contaminated by radiation.
  3.  Thousands of people left their homes for ever and were resettled.
  4.  The world will never be the same as it was before Chernobyl.

Sample plan to the text

  1.  The explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
  2.  Radioactive release.
  3.  Harmful effects of radiation.
  4.  Evacuation developments.
  5.  Fire containment.
  6.  Recovery project.
  7.  Commemoration.

Grammar Spot 

Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form of the Passive Voice.

  1.  Tons of highly radioactive fallout/to release/ into the atmosphere.
  2.  Vast territories of Ukraine, Russia and Belarus /to contaminate/.
  3.  Slight levels of contamination /to detect/ all over Europe.
  4.  A great deal of  people /to affect/ by radiation.
  5.  Thousands of people/ to force/ to leave their homes.
  6.  The fires at the number four reactor /to extinguish/ on the same day of explosion.
  7.  Now a new shelter /to build/ in Ukraine.
  8.  It /to know/ as the New Safe Confinement.
  9.  A lot of memorial events /to dedicate/ to the 25-th anniversary of the tragic date.

Homework

Make a short summary of the text and express your attitude to the events of April 26, 1986 according to the plan, and think what should be done by governments to prevent such disasters in future.


Synonyms matching

1. accident                    a) in a hurry                   7. extinguish          g) ex-                             

2. former                       b) devoted                     8. combined           h) impact                                    

3. aftermath                  c) joint                            9. ruins                   i) close                                    

4. hastily                       d) put out                       10. sarcophagus      j) at once                          

5. affect                        e) incident                      11. dedicated          k) consequences                          

6. lock                           f) shelter                        12. on the spot        l) debris

Phrase matching

1. the worst                   a) zone                           7. temporary           g) of contamination                        

2. further                       b) events                        8. exclusion             h) nuclear disaster             

3. highly                        c) wound                       9. combined             i) effected areas                              

4. the most                    d) efforts                       10. proposed            j) radiation sickness                                        

5. level                          e) evacuation                 11. memorial            k) explosions           

6. acute                         f) service life                 12. deep                   l) radioactive fallout           

Synonyms matching

1. accident                    a) in a hurry                   7. extinguish          g) ex-                             

2. former                       b) devoted                     8. combined           h) impact                                    

3. aftermath                  c) joint                            9. ruins                   i) close                                    

4. hastily                       d) put out                       10. sarcophagus      j) at once                          

5. affect                        e) incident                      11. dedicated          k) consequences                          

6. lock                           f) shelter                        12. on the spot        l) debris

Phrase matching

1. the worst                   a) zone                           7. temporary           g) of contamination                        

2. further                       b) events                        8. exclusion             h) nuclear disaster             

3. highly                        c) wound                       9. combined             i) effected areas                              

4. the most                    d) efforts                       10. proposed            j) radiation sickness                                        

5. level                          e) evacuation                 11. memorial            k) explosions           

6. acute                         f) service life                 12. deep                   l) radioactive fallout           

Synonyms matching

1. accident                    a) in a hurry                   7. extinguish          g) ex-                             

2. former                       b) devoted                     8. combined           h) impact                                    

3. aftermath                  c) joint                            9. ruins                   i) close                                    

4. hastily                       d) put out                       10. sarcophagus      j) at once                          

5. affect                        e) incident                      11. dedicated          k) consequences                          

6. lock                           f) shelter                        12. on the spot        l) debris

Phrase matching

1. the worst                   a) zone                           7. temporary           g) of contamination                        

2. further                       b) events                        8. exclusion             h) nuclear disaster             

3. highly                        c) wound                       9. combined             i) effected areas                              

4. the most                    d) efforts                       10. proposed            j) radiation sickness                                        

5. level                          e) evacuation                 11. memorial            k) explosions           

6. acute                         f) service life                 12. deep                   l) radioactive fallout           

Synonyms matching

1. accident                    a) in a hurry                   7. extinguish          g) ex-                             

2. former                       b) devoted                     8. combined           h) impact                                    

3. aftermath                  c) joint                            9. ruins                   i) close                                    

4. hastily                       d) put out                       10. sarcophagus      j) at once                          

5. affect                        e) incident                      11. dedicated          k) consequences                          

6. lock                           f) shelter                        12. on the spot        l) debris

Phrase matching

1. the worst                   a) zone                           7. temporary           g) of contamination                        

2. further                       b) events                        8. exclusion             h) nuclear disaster             

3. highly                        c) wound                       9. combined             i) effected areas                              

4. the most                    d) efforts                       10. proposed            j) radiation sickness                                        

5. level                          e) evacuation                 11. memorial            k) explosions           

6. acute                         f) service life                 12. deep                   l) radioactive fallout           


 

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