The Chimes of Christmas Bells Once More...
Педагогика и дидактика
Compere; December comes so white and cold With snow it stops the rain It comes to greet all young and old On every window pane. Compere Arid Christmas is here with us today, Let happy be the birth of Christ, For all the people all around He brought peace on the earth.
“The Chimes of Christmas Bells Once More..."
December comes so white and cold
With snow it stops the rain
It comes to greet all young and old
On every window pane.
Arid Christmas is here with us today,
Let happy be the birth of Christ,
For all the people all around
He brought peace on the earth.
Compere: Dear guests, teachers.
Here to our party to celebrate
Christmas with us.
Compere: You are here to learn more about the special customs, ways, habits and traditions in Great Britain and other English-speaking countries.
P1: English people have many rich traditions.
P2: But there is no holiday, as widely celebrated as Christmas and the New Year.
P1: They celebrate Christmas on the 25th of December. It is a merry holiday for all children and grown ups.
P2: On this holiday people give presents to each other, go to the church and sing Christmas carols
A poem "Christmas Carol"
I heard the bells of Christmas day
They old familiar carols play.
And wild and sweet the words repeat
Of peace on Earth, good will to men!
Christ is born! Praise to him!
A song "Holy Night"
New Year day, a happy day
We are glad and very gay
We all dance and say:
Welcome! Welcome! New Year's Day!
Sinning, dancing merrily.
Round the New Year tree.
Merrily, merrily, merrily
Round the New Year tree.
Happy New Year, my friends,
Happy New Year today!
Let us dance hands in hands
I will show the way.
Merry holidays! Happy New Year!
Let's laugh and play games and sing!
Lets all jump and dance in a ring.
The year is past what did we give?
What did you gain and what regret?
Was it a year you'd like to live?
Were the mistakes? Did you cause pain?
Withhold your love from someone dear?
Did all your efforts seem in vain
And every hope turned into fear?
Remember you can start anew,
Resolve to live a better way
Forget past errors, sadness too.
Tomorrow is another day!
P1: Do you know how to become happy? American psychologists do. They know seven rules - seven notes to play. Here they are:
Christmas in Ukraine
Christmas is the feast of Christ's birth. In Ukraine it is celebrated on the 7 th of January. It is a very interesting festival because in Ukraine Christmas was fused with local pagan celebrations. The most interesting part of Ukrainian Christmas is Christmas Eve with its wealth of ritual and magical acts. They are fortune telling, singing Christmas carols, cooking traditional Christmas dishes. All members of the family should be at home, it is forbidden to quarrel during this day.
Caroling is a characteristic feature of the feast. It expresses respect to the master of the house and his family,
Yuletide wakes, Yuletide breaks
Woman, give me eggs and cakes.
Christmas is first and foremost a family holiday. Many Ukrainian family units keep Christmas traditions alive. We celebrate Christmas on the 7 th of January according to the Gregorian calendar.
Sviata Vecheria or Holy Supper is the main Christmas tradition in Ukrainian homes. The dinner table sometimes has a few wisps of hay on the embroidered tablecloth. Hen the Ukrainians see the first Star in the eastern evening sky, Sviata Vecheria begins with a prayer.
We have herring, cabbage, dried fruit compote, borsch, varenyky, holubtsi and kutya. Kutia is cooked of boiled wheat dressed with honey, nuts and poppy seeds. Varenyky may be filled with mushrooms, potatoes or cabbage. Holubtsi may be filled with rice, potatoes or buckwheat. The traditional Christmas greeting is "Christ is born!" to which we reply "Let's glorify him!
People who live in the village s keep such an old tradition; the head of the family brings in a sheaf of wheat called the didukh. It symbolizes the family's ancestors and represents the importance of the ancient and rich wheat crops of Ukraine. People who live in the big cities put a few stalks of golden wheat in a vase to decorate the table. The family gather round the table, light candles and eat a ritual spoonful of kutia. Every Ukrainian hostess prepares it exclusively the way her mother and grandmother taught her. People usually lay the table with 12 meatless dishes.
At the end of Sviata Vechria the family often sings koliadkas, Ukrainian Christmas Carols. In many communities the groups of young people so called vertep go from house to house, sing koliadkas and collect donations.
I want to add that at Christmas time we visit our godparents and grandparents. Give them presents and receive presents too, Children have winter holidays. The grown-ups don't go to work on that day. Of course, we have a decorated fir tree or pine. Some families leave a little kutia in the plate on the table for their ancestors and turn on the fir tree lights for the whole night. On Christmas Eve all is magic and guessing future in different ways.
Christmas is the time for joy, parties, dances, celebrations. In Ukraine the people come back home after the services at church.
Father: Come in!
F.F. Merry Christmas to you.
Father: Oh, this is the First Footer! Come in!
F. F.: Id like to dive you some gifts.
Father: Thank you very much! Merry Christmas to you! Here is an apple pie for you!
I'll have a blue Christmas without you
Ill be so blue thinking about you
Decorations of red and green Christmas tree
Won't mean a thing if you're not here with me
I'll have a blue Christmas, that's certain
And when that blue heartache starts hurting
You'll be doing all right with your Christmas of white
But I'll have a blue, blue Christmas.
A magician and a boy
M. So many countries, so many customs, so many celebrations.
B.: Oh, Id like to visit the United Kingdom.
M: Well but first of all you have to answer my magic questions. They are the key to your Christmas journey.
B: Lovely! I like riddles!
M: Come on. Listen and answer.
Lets say Merry Christmas each other
And call Santa Claus too,
And kiss dear daddy and mummy
For their presents for me and you.
M: well, Ill give you a magic key and you can visit a wonderful land which is called Great Britain. The princess lives there. They are England, Scotland, and Wales. Each princess chooses a princess for herself which are called December, January, February. They live in another land Winter. The eldest and the richest is December because it has got many interesting holidays, most of them are religious. They are St. Katherine, St. Andriy, St. Varvara, St. Mykolay, And of course Merry Christmas.
Christmas in Great Britain
Every nation and every country has its own customs and traditions. In Britain traditions play more important part in the life of the people than in some other countries. Christmas day, December 25, is probably the most popular holiday in Great Britain. Preparations for Christmas are always pleasant: bovine gifts, sending Christmas cards and decorating the tree with small, brightly-colored light, shilling balls, tinsel, and toys. The first lightning of the tree signifies the official opening of the ceremony and they have Holy Supper. In England they traditionally have Christmas pudding, apple pie, the roast beef, turkey.
Lets imagine the Ukrainian or British family. They are ready to celebrate Christmas Day. You know, it is a family holiday, when all members of the family are together. But somebody is knocking the door. You think: "who's that?" oh, it's the first footer. He comes to wish you a merry Christmas and of course he brings three things. Its always a man, not a woman.
Besides the Christmas tree, holly and mistletoe are used to decorate the house. Holly is an evergreen plant with sharp-pointed leaves and red berries. Branches of holly are put behind pictures and mistletoe is hung over doors, so the young people have a chance to kiss the girls under it, plucking each time a red berry from the mistletoe. It is said that the girl who was not kissed under it at Christmas would not get married that year.
In the evening of the 24tn of December children hang their Christmas stockings on their beds or fireplaces. Christmas stocking is not a real one. It is big and beautifully decorated. Father Christmas put presents into them; sweets, nuts, and if the child did not behave properly Santa Claus can put there a piece of coal as punishment.
Every English family sends and receives many Christmas cards. Traditionally there is a robin on almost every card. You can read on card: "Merry Christmas".
Waits are a group of singers who sing carols. They receive money for their singing and playing. They receive money for their singing and playing, Carol singing is a detention's.
Christmas day people celebrate with big dinners. A big roust turkey is usually followed by Christmas pudding. It is the highlight of the dinner. Some people cook it months before Christmas. A lot of families have their own Christmas pudding recipes. A real Christmas pudding always has a piece of holly on the top and a coin is put inside for good luck. The dinner ends with mince Dies. Crackers are also usual at Christmas dinner. A cracker contains a small toy and a joke. After the dinner they go to the sitting room to listen to the Christmas speech of the queen shown on TV.
26th of December is also a public holiday. Boxing day, which takes its name from the former custom of giving a Christmas box with presents to servants and poor people. So, Christmas is a merry family holiday for all the people of Great Britain. Christmas comes but once a year, but when it comes, brings good cheer,
Christmas traditions in England
Each country has own traditions, customs and holidays. Talking about holidays in Great Britain, we should talk about the most popular holiday- Christmas. The Christmas season is the most festive time of the year. Students at school have two-week vacations. Although no one knows exactly when Jesus was born, Christmas everywhere in the world celebrate his birthday on December, 25. Every year the people of Norway give the city of London a present- it's a big Christmas tree, and it stands in Trafalgar square. Before Christmas, groups of singers go from house to house. They collect money for charity and sing carols, traditional Christmas songs.
Christmas is a family holiday. Relatives usually meet for big dinner of turkey and Christmas pudding and everyone gives and receives presents.
Christmas in the USA
Going home for Christmas is the most cherished tradition of the holiday season. No matter where you may be the rest of the year, being at home with your family and friends for Christmas is "a must”. Everyone joins in to help in preparation of the festivities and each household needs to make lots of food. Christmas is the most festive time of the year in the US. Students from elementary school through college have one or two weeks vacation, beginning shortly before Christmas and ending after the New Year. Many families go away for the holiday for the holiday and there are numerous parties. In the USA the spirit of Christmas arrives about a month before the holiday itself. Late in November street lights and store windows are decorated with traditional Christmas colours are red and green. Families decorate their homes, inside and out, with coloured evergreen. The manufacture and distribution of Christmas items is big business.
Usually families gather around the Christmas tree, open their gifts and then sit down to enjoy a traditional Christmas dinner-turkey or ham, sweet potatoes, vegetables, cranberry sauce and nuts. For dessert, there is usually fruit cake, plum pudding or mince pie. As in Great Britain, American children hang their stockings by the fireplace, hoping that Santa will fill them with candy and toys. Children write letters to Santa Claus and tell him what present they would like to get, People send Christmas cards to relatives and friends. Many companies give presents to their employees. A Christmas tree is one of the main symbols of Christmas in most homes. Presents are placed under the tree. On Christmas Eve or Christmas families open their presents. Some children hang up stockings so that Santa Claus can fill them with candies, fruit and other small gifts.
There is a tradition to send money or gifts to those who are less fortunate, because the message of Christmas is to share what you have with others.
Hardly a house in Britain or America but puts up the children's stocking by the side of the chimney for Santa Claus on Christmas Eve; and generation of children have gone eagerly to them on Christmas morning to see what Santa Claus has put into them. Yet the practice has nothing to do with Christmas, or Christian festival. Its only connection is with Santa Claus, or, to give the name its correct appellation, Saint Nicholas. The saint, who liked to do good by stealth, heard that three lovely sisters, who lived in a poor cottage on the outskirt of a town, were so poor that if they wanted to continue living at all, a life of shame was the only alternative. The good saint made his way to their home one night, and threw a gift of three gold pieces through the smoke hole of the cottage» (there were no chimneys in those times. The smoke went out through a hole cut in the roof.) instead of the gold pieces falling on the hearth, as he expected, they fell into the stockings of the girls, which had been hung up over the fire to dry after washing, hence, when the tale became known, the custom of hanging up stockings over the fire came into being and Christmas day was chosen for the doing, because it was Saint Nicholas Day. Hence, also, the idea that Santa Claus comes down the chimney.
In Great Britain there is a tradition to write letters to Santa Claus. But you mustn't put this letter into the mail-box, but into the fireplace. The air highs, the smoke goes up the chimney and the Santa Claus reads them and realizes all children's wishes. Some of these letters got into my hands. The English girl asked Santa for the present she would like to get on Christmas Eve, but she had made some mistakes and missed the verb to be. Lets help her to correct them:
I_ very glad about the presents you gave me last year, Thanks a lot You see I __ good at studying and my parents proud of my success. Soon it will Christmas, my favourite holiday and I would like you to give me a small fluffy puppy as a present! I will _____ very careful for it
Lots of love.
The traditional Christmas dinner is roast turkey with vegetables and Christmas pudding. In England people make Christmas pudding before Christmas. Everyone in a family stirs the pudding and makes a wish. It's a traditional meal, which people cook for Christmas party. When the pudding is hot they put 5-penny pieces in it, and sometimes a little silver horseshoe, a button and a ring. If you find a button in your piece of pudding you will be rich, a horseshoe means happiness and good luck, a ring - marriage.
The fan starts the night before, on the 24th of December, Christmas Eve. Traditionally this is the day when people decorate their trees. Children hang stockings at the end of their beds hoping that Santa will fill them with toys and sweets. Christmas is a family holiday. Relatives usually meet for the big Christmas dinner. The 26th December - Boxing Day is an extra holiday after Christmas. This day people usually give and receive presents. This is time to visit friends and relatives or to sit at home and watch football.
Т.: We've received a telegram from our friends from New Zealand. Can you read it by yourself?
Christmas in Australia
I want to tell you about Christmas traditions in Australia. People who live in Australia don't have a winter Christmas. Its summer here, so they usually celebrate Christmas time with the air conditioner running to keep cool! Its very hard for some people to believe.
You must also remember that Australia, though huge in size, has a population of just over 18 million people. The ancestors of the people who live here came from England, Scotland, Ireland, northern Europe, Italy, Greece, Spain, France, Middle East, Vietnam, China, Japan, as well as North and South America. So you can imagine that each of them brings the colour, customs and festive rituals of Christmas celebrated in their homelands. The Australians are able to appreciate culturally diverse Christmas celebrations.
People usually have family gatherings in the backyards of their houses, picnics in the parks, gardens and on the beach. For many of them, it is to be with friends and relatives, to share love and friendship and not to forget in the traditional manner, For many of them, it is, of course a time to enjoy gourmet food, A typical Christmas menu includes seafood, glazed ham, cold chicken, duck or turkey, cod deli meats, pasta, salads, desserts of all types, fruit salad, ice cream plus Christmas mince pies fruit cake, shortbread and chocolates.
Everywhere, everywhere Christmas tonight
Christmas in lands of dir tree and pine,
Christmas in lands of palm tree and vine,
Christmas where snow peaks stand solemn and white,
Christmas where cornfields stand sunny and bright
Christmas where children are hopeful and gay
Christmas where old men are patient and gay
Christmas where peace like a dove in his fight
Broods o'er brave men in the thick of the flight
Everywhere, everywhere Christmas tonight.
But you like me, I know (winter)
Then does his job and goes away. (Father Frost)
Some are short, some are long,
Some are cold, some are hot. ( a year)
Snow on the around
Snow all...( around )
When we find it under the Christmas tree, (presents)
Near we dance and sing (Christmas tree)
Instead of head - a snowball! ( a snowman)
Song “ Jingle Bells”
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