52598

MONEY YESTERDAY AND TODAY

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

When people make more production they need, they want to exchange it for something else. But what to do if the product is big and heavy? So people invent money. We use it to buy and sell goods and make savings. In old time in different countries there were various types money: animal skins and cattle, cocoa beans and salt, shells and stones....

Английский

2014-02-16

48 KB

2 чел.

Додаток 1

MONEY YESTERDAY AND TODAY

When people make more production they need, they want to exchange it for something else. But what to do if the product is big and heavy? So people invent money. We use it to buy and sell goods and make savings.

In old time in different countries there were various types money: animal skins and cattle, cocoa beans and salt, shells and stones....

In our land our grandfathers used grain, fur skins and later-gold. In Kyivan Rus' money was called "hryvnia" and now we have hryvnas too.

Paper banknotes and metal coins are easy to hold, to save, to transfer and to use. That is why they replaced old kind of money. Every country has its type of money that is called "a money unit"

When people travel from one state to another, they need to exchange money. There is an exchange rate for this. It is approximately equal all over the world for main money units at a certain moment of time, but changes from day to day. The exchange rate depends on the situation in currency market.

In Ukraine, like in other countries of the world, we may change hryvnas into other currency in banks or special booths called "Bureau de change". They give a receipt in which it is written how much money you give, what the current exchange rate is and how much foreign currency you receive. But in Ukraine you can not use foreign currency to buy something or to pay for any service. You must use hryvnas only.

You may pay in cash (notes or coins), by cheques or credit cards. If you have a bank account, you are given a cheque- book and when you need to pay it is necessary to write the sum, sign the cheque, pull it out of the book and give to the seller.

If you have a special account for a credit card, you give your card to the seller who fixes it and then takes the sum off your account. He gives you a bill as to other customers. If you need to take cash from credit card account, you may get it from a bank or a bankomat.

A bancomat is a device a bit bigger than a public telephone. You put your card into slot, type your pin code, press some buttons to let the machine know what some of money you need, take your card and receipt back and receive your cash from the bankomat.

Додаток 2

1)     Finish the statements.

1.1. When people make more production they need....
1.2. We use money to...
1.3. In old time in different countries there were....
1.4. Paper banknote and metal coins are easy...
1.5. When people travel from one state to another they need....
1.6. The exchange rate depends on....
1.7. In Ukraine we may change hryvnas into another currency in...

2.) Give the definition of the following:

2.1. "A money unit" is...
2.2. "An exchange rate" is...
2.3. "Bureau de change" is...
2.4. "A cash " is...
2.5. "A cheque" is...
2.6. "A credit " is...
2.7. "A bankomat" is...
2.8. "A bank" is...

Додаток 3

1.) Match the words and definitions:

A cash-point, income, a bank loan, the cost of living, the exchange rate, a bank account, a safe, tax.

1.__________________________ money which is lent to you by the bank.

2___________________________way of keeping your money in the bank

3___________________________the money you receive each year from work, investments,etc.

4___________________________money that the government takes from your salary

5___________________________a machine in the wall of a bank where you can take money out

6.__________________________   a metal box for keeping money

7___________________________the value of one country’s money against another

8___________________________what it costs to live in a country

2) Make sentences in Passive Voice with these words (A cash-point, income, a bank loan, the cost of living, the exchange rate, a bank account, a safe, tax.)

Додаток 4

 

Imagine you work at joint-stock bank Ukoopspilka…..

Make the dialogues according to these situations:

1.

At Bureau de change

2.

Getting a banking card(account)

Додаток 5

ABBA

“MONEY”

I work all night, I work all day, to pay the bills I have to pay,

Ain`t it sad,

And still there never seems to be a single penny left for me,

That`s too bad,

In my dreams I have a plan,

If I got me a wealthy man,

I wouldn`t have to work at all, I`d fool around and have a ball...

Chorus:

Money, money, money,

Must be funny,

In the rich man`s world,

Money, money, money,

Always sunny,

In the rich man`s world,

Aha-ahaaa,

All the things I could do,

If I had a little money,

It`s a rich man`s world,

It`s a rich man`s world,

A man like that is hard to find but I can`t get him off my mind,

Ain`t it sad,

And if he happens to be free I bet he wouldn`t fancy me,

That`s too bad,

So I must leave, I`ll have to go,

To Las Vegas or Monaco,

And win a fortune in a game, my life will never be the same...

Chorus (2 times)

Додаток 6

Test

Imagine yourself in these situations

How important is money to you? What would you do…..

1. If a very wealthy person, who you liked but who you didn’t find attractive, wanted to marry you?

a. I’d marry him/her.

b. I wouldn’t marry him/her.

c. It depends.

2. If you were offered a job which was very well paid but incredibly boring?

a. I’d accept it.

b. I wouldn’t accept it.

c. I’d think seriously about it.

3. If you won 1.000 euros?

a. I’d spend most of it on myself.

b. I’d share most of it with my friends/family.

c. I’d save most of it.

4. If an old woman asked you to give her some money for a sandwich?

a. I wouldn’t give her any money.

b. I’d give her some money.

c. I’d buy her a sandwich.

5.  If you lent a friend some money but he/she forgot to pay you back?

a. I’d ask him/her for it immediately.

b. I’d forget about it.

c. I’d wait a few days and then ask him/her for it.

Find your total points:

  1.  a) 3 b) 0 c) 1
  2.  a) 3 b) 0 c) 2
  3.  a) 3 b) 0 c) 2
  4.  a) 3 b) 0 c) 1
  5.  a) 3 b) 0 c) 1

Додаток 7

Listening

Listen to the conversation.  Complete the sentences with missing words or phrases.

Tony’s friend Helen worked as a __________.

It was a __________ business.

The company closed down because the boss was ___________ and the didn’t

________. She kept ___________ with her ex-boss and she used to see

him ______ times a year. When he got ill, she used to ________ for him and

___________ once a week.

He _________ last year and left her ____________.

Додаток 8

It’s my life

This ain't a song for the broken-hearted
No silent prayer for the faith-departed
I ain't gonna be just a face in the crowd
You're gonna hear my voice
When I shout it out loud

[Chorus:]
It's my life
It's now or never
I ain't gonna live forever
I just want to live while I'm alive
(It's my life)
My heart is like an open highway
Like Frankie said
I did it my way
I just wanna live while I'm alive
It's my life

This is for the ones who stood their ground
For Tommy and Gina who never backed down
Tomorrow's getting harder make no mistake
Luck ain't even lucky
Got to make your own breaks

[Chorus:]


Better stand tall when they're calling you out
Don't bend, don't break, hell, don't back down

[Chorus:]
It's my life
And it's now or never
'Cause I ain't gonna live forever
I just want to live while I'm alive
(It's my life)
My heart is like an open highway
Like Frankie said
I did it my way
I just want to live while I'm alive

Додаток  9

Homework:

Ask and answer questions about imaginary situations.

What would you do….

A)

- If you found a gold necklace in the street?

- If a company offered you a job in Australia?

- If somebody wanted to pay you to talk about your private life on TV?

- If you had an exam the next day and somebody offered to sell you the answers?

- If you came home one night and saw that somebody stole your money?

B)

- If your boss asked you to work at his/her house at the weekend?

- If you borrowed your father’s new car and you broke one of the lights?

- If a friend gave you an expensive shirt that you thought was awful?

- If you were invited to dinner at a friend’s house but you really didn’t like the food they’d cooked?

- If a cat or dog came into your house from the street and wanted to stay?


 

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