52948

London Virtual Tour. The Places of Interest in London

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

T.: The theme of our lesson is “Virtual tour about London”. Today we’ll speak about sightseeing in London. We’ll learn some new facts about London, places of its interest by reading, speaking, listening, watching the presentation of your classmates, where some of you will be guides; we’ll do quiz and tests.

Английский

2014-02-20

300.5 KB

8 чел.

Занятие факультатива по английскому языку

«Литература Англии и США. Страноведение»

(10 класс)

        Учитель Целикова Л. А.

Тема: London Virtual Tour. The Places of Interest in London

Цели и задачи: формирование коммуникативной и межкультурной компетентностей; развитие и совершенствование, проверка уровня умений и навыков монологической и диалогической речи по теме «Виртуальное путешествие по Лондону. Достопримечательности Лондона»; совершенствование и проверка умений и навыков аудирования; развитие мышления; воспитание уважения к другим народам, их традициям.

Оборудование: ноутбук, экран, проектор, DVD-диск с презентацией «Достопримечательности Лондона», раздаточный материал (карточки с текстом «Places of Interest in London»).

Ход урока

1. Организационный момент

T.: The theme of our lesson is “Virtual tour about London”.  Today we’ll speak about sightseeing in London. We’ll learn some new facts about London, places of its interest  by reading, speaking, listening, watching the presentation of your classmates, where some of you will be guides; we’ll do quiz and tests.

2. London Quiz

The pupils check what they have already learnt about London

Part I

  1.  The only park where any sport activities are forbidden is...
  2.  The... famous for its great plant collection is in...
  3.  To visit the Whispering Gallery you should go to...
  4.  If you are in Trafalgar square you can visit... and enjoy a wonderful art collection.
  5.  The St. Stephen's Tower, which is known as..., is a part of...
  6.  If you want to see the monuments to many famous scientists and writers, you will go to...
  7.  The Crown Jewels are on display in...
  8.  The central part of the Tower is still called...
  9.  Buckingham Palace is open to the public in... when...
  10.  The Prime Minister lives and works at...
  11.  The Tomb of the Unknown Warrior is in...

Part II

  1.  The British Coat of Arms can be seen
    1.  in the Throne Room of Buckingham Palace.
    2.  in the House of Lords, Westminster Palace.
    3.  in Westminster Abbey.
  2.  The British Monarch traditionally meets the Heads of the foreign states in
    1.  Westminster Palace.
    2.  the Tower.
    3.  Buckingham Palace.
  3.  In Westminster Abbey the tourists are shown
    1.  the Queen Victoria Memorial.
    2.  mosaic decorations.
    3.  the Coronation Chair.
  4.  Which of these events does not take place at Buckingham Palace?
    1.  the Coronation.
    2.  the Investiture.
    3.  the Diplomatic Reception.
  5.  When the Monarch opens Parliament, he/she sits
    1.  on the throne in the House of Lords.
    2.  on the woolsack.
    3.  on the Speaker's Chair in the House of Commons.
  6.  The Cabinet Meetings take place
    1.  at the Prime Minister residence 2 times a week.
    2.  in Westminster Palace once a week.
    3.  at the Prime Minister residence once a week.
  7.  One of the newest tourist attractions in London is
    1.  The Diana, Princess of Wales, Memorial Playground.
    2.  The London Eye — the observation wheel.
    3.  The Sherlock Holmes Museum.
  8.  If you want to attend the Lightning of Christmas Tree Ceremony you should go London  in
    1.  November.
    2.  December.
    3.  January.
  9.  The Official Birthday of the British Monarch is celebrated in
    1.  May.
    2.  June.
    3.  April.
  10.  The Lightning of Christmas Tree Ceremony takes place
    1.  in front of Buckingham Palace.
    2.  in St. James's Park.
    3.  in Trafalgar square.
  11.  Which of these monuments was erected to commemorate the Great Fire of   London?
    1.  Nelson's Column.
    2.  Marble Arch.
    3.  The Monument.
  12.  Match various ethnical communities of London and their festivals:

WHO

  1.  The Irish celebrate
  2.  The Chinese celebrate
  3.  The Blacks celebrate

WHAT

  1.  New Year
    1.  Caribbean Festival
    2.  St. Patrick's Day

WHEN

  1.  in February.
    1.  in March.
      1.  in August.

Keys to the London Quiz

1. Kensington Gardens; 2. Orangery (St. James's Park); 3. St. Paul's Cathedral; 4. The National Art Gallery; 5. Big Ben (Westminster Palace); 6. Westminster Abbey; 7. the Tower of London; 8. the White Tower; 9. August and September (the Monarch is on holiday); 10. N° 10, Downing Street; 11. Westminster Abbey

1 — b; 2 — c; 3 — c; 4 — a; 5 — a; 6 — c; 7 — b; 8 — a; 9 — b; 10 — c; 11 — c; 12 — 1/c/II, 2/a/I, 3/b/III

3. Listen to the texts about The Tower of London and be ready to understand and answer the questions.

Vocabulary

chopping block

Плаха

discourage

отбивать охоту

stage an uprising

организовать восстание

be  knelt

стоять на коленях

emerge

Выходить

expand

Расширять

Royal Mint

монетный двор

Armoury

Арсенал

beheading

Обезглавливание

The Tower of London

There is no denying that the Tower has from its beginning served both as a prison and a place of execution. Many prisoners lived out their lives in cold, damp cells. Many laid their heads on the executioner's chopping block (плаха). Among the victims were noblemen, politicians and two of Henry VIII 's wives—Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, Before the Tower became an infamous prison, it was at the centre of British history. William I, the victorious Norman conqueror of England in 1066, had a wooden fortress built on the site to discourage  Londoners from staging  an uprising against him. It was William the Conqueror, as he became known, who first recognized that a fortress at this point on the River Thames would quickly sight any hostile force approaching up the river from the Channel. By the time the first English monarch used the Tower as a royal residence, it had become a mediaeval palace and England's strongest fortress.

It was during Henry VIII' s reign that the Tower became the destination of the king's political enemies. Two of the features of the fortress, Traitor's Gate where all prisoners entered, and Tower Green where many knelt before the executioner, became words known to most Londoners. Queen Elizabeth I, when she was arrested by her  sister and brought to the Tower as a prisoner, passed through Traitor's Gate. So sure was she that she would soon move on to Tower Green that she was supposed to have said, 'I have taken my first step through Traitor's Gate to heaven.' Happily, Elizabeth emerged from the tower unharmed. A number of her opponents when she was Queen were less lucky: they lost their heads on her command.

Elizabeth's successors greatly expanded the Tower. They built a Royal Mint, an Armoury and a museum. Although prisoners were held in the fortress as recently as World War II, public beheadings on nearby Tower Hill stopped in 1747. But the museum, with its splendid collection of amour and its fabulous display of the crown jewels, continues to exert a fascination for visitors. For almost forty years, it has headed the list of London's Most Popular Tourist Attractions.

Test

Choose the right variant.

1. Among the victims were...

a) only politicians.

b) noblemen, politicians, and two of Henry VIII' s wives.

2. It was William I who first recognized that...

a) the fortress would sight any hostile force approaching up the river.

b) the fortress would be the destination of the king's political enemies.

3. Tower Green was a place where...

a) all prisoners entered.

b) many knelt before the executioner.

4. Queen Elizabeth I was arrested by her... and brought to the Tower as a prisoner.

a) sister;

b) husband;

5.  A number of Elizabeth I' s opponents were...

a) more lucky than the Queen.

b) less lucky than the Queen.

6. Although prisoners were held in the fortress,...

a) public beheadings didn't stop in 1747.

b) public beheading stopped in 1747.

4. Brainstorming

T.: Give me some reasons why people enjoy travelling.

P.:–gives us knowledge about culture, traditions and customs of the country;

   –helps to study foreign languages;

   –go sightseeing;

   –we can enjoy the beauty of nature and the countryside;

   –develops our outlook;

    -broadens our horizons;

   –a good chance to change our lifestyle;

   –helps to make friends;

   –gives us adventure and excitement.

5. Watch and listen to your classmates’ presentation «Places of Interest in London»

Good morning, Ladies and Gentlemen! Welcome to our Virtual Tour around London! There are many sights and memorial places a visitor would like to see here, in the capital.

1. Trafalgar Square is one of the most beautiful places in London and one of the tourists' centres of the city. In the middle of the square there is Nelson's Column, erected in the 1840s to celebrate the victory of Admiral Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Napoleon had threatened to invade Britain. Admiral Nelson swept the seas searching for the French navy and at last met it in Trafalgar Bay. Nelson was killed in the battle but the victory was won.

Round the base of the monument there are four bronze bas-reliefs, representing scenes of Nelson's life and death. The metal for these bas-reliefs was cast from cannon captured from the French. The column is 185 feet high and a statue of Admiral Nelson on top is almost 16 feet high. It is guarded at the base by four bronze lions.

The north side of the square is formed by the long, low National Gallery, one of the most beautiful buildings in London, housing the national collection of art and containing some of the world's greatest paintings. In its iconic art

gallery you can find works by masters such as Van Gogh, da Vinci, Botticelli, Constable, Renoir, Titian and Stubbs.

The square is always full of doves, people come to feed them in the square and nobody is allowed to offend the birds.

2. London's most famous tourist attractions are Westminster Abbey and the Houses of Parliament. Seen across Parliament Square, the Houses of Parliament seem at first an incoherent complex of elaborate spires and towers. But their medieval look is misleading. Many people are surprised to discover that they were built between 1840 and 1852, the exception being the genuinely ancient core of the complex, Westminster Hall, which was first built in 1097—1099. Westminster Hall was part of an old palace. The present Houses of Parliament occupy the site of the palace and hence received the name the Palace of Westminster.

The Palace of Westminster has two miles of corridors and more than 1,000 rooms. When Parliament is sitting, a flag flies from the Victoria Tower (the tallest tower of the complex) and a light shines by night. Visitors can watch the House of Commons and the House of Lords at work from the Strangers' Gallery.

The Houses of Parliament contain the universal symbol of London, Big Ben. This is the name of the 13.5-ton bell on which the hours are struck. The great bell got its name in the 19th century after Sir Benjamin Hall, First Commissioner of Works. The bell and the clock are on the clock tower of the complex.

3. Close to the Houses of Parliament stands Westminster Abbey. The first church on this site was an abbey dedicated to St. Peter. "West Minster" means "western monastery", showing its geographical relation to the City of London.

In Westminster Abbey most British monarchs since William the Conqueror have been crowned. Many British kings and queens are buried in the Abbey. Monuments to great figures in many fields of Endeavour are scattered throughout the place: statesmen together with scientists such as Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. Men of letters have their own section called the Poets' Corner, where Geoffrey Chaucer, Alfred Tennyson, Charles Dickens and some other English poets and writers are buried; many more outstanding poets and writers, though not buried in Westminster Abbey, are honoured by memorials in the Poets' Corner.

Kings, queens, statesmen and soldiers; poets, priests, heroes and villains - the Abbey is a must-see living pageant of British history. Every year Westminster Abbey welcomes over one million visitors who want to explore this wonderful 700-year-old building. Thousands more join  for worship at  daily services

4. The Tower of London, which celebrated its 900th birthday in 1978, takes that date from the year that William the Conqueror began to build on the site. The Tower was first built for the purpose of protecting and controlling the city. In the past it has been a fortress, a palace, and a state prison. Now it is a museum visited by about two million people a year. It is still a military fortress, and here you'll see the troops of crack regiments as well as the Yeomen Warders.

             The oldest part of the fortress is the White Tower. The Bloody Tower is the most infamous, for here many important prisoners in bygone days were confined and tortured. Many dukes, kings and queens, other aristocratic pretenders to the throne lost their heads on the block that stands in the Tower's courtyard. Among the famous people who were beheaded in the Tower was the philosopher, creator of Utopia, Thomas More.

You may see the Tower's tame ravens hopping about on Tower Green, the former site of the scaffold. There have always been ravens here, and a legend says the Tower will crumble if they should ever leave. Since their wings are clipped, that's unlikely.

5. Buckingham Palace (known colloquially as Buck House) is the British monarch's main residence in London. It was built as a country house for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703, and was bought by King George III in 1762.

Today the Palace contains 600 rooms. The interior and the gardens are never open to the public except for those who are invited to Garden Parties or other formal ceremonies. The Royal Standard flying above the east front of the Palace indicates that the monarch is in residence.

A favorable time to see Buckingham Palace is ten-thirty a. m., when you can see the Changing of the Royal Guard. The ceremony takes place every morning and is a real theatrical performance. To the sound of a brass band and words of command, guardsmen form and reform as they change position. At the conclusion of this ceremony each stands still in the pose of a sentry and everything becomes quiet. Londoners love traditions and it is considered that London has preserved them to a greater extent than any other city in England.

6. Piccadilly Circus, located in the heart of the West End, is the perfect place to begin any London adventure. Piccadilly Circus is a round square from which the best-known streets of the West End radiate — Piccadilly, Regent Street, Haymarket, and Shaftesbury Avenue.

         Piccadilly Circus is famous for its lights, neon advertising boards and for the statue of Eros, after the Greek god of love and beauty; it is always crowded, especially on the evenings of big football matches or other events. Now Piccadilly Circus is the punks' favourite gathering ground.

         Piccadilly Circus is now partly pedestrianized and a favourite place for people to congregate before going to the nearby shopping and entertainment areas. Soho, Chinatown, Leicester Square and Trafalgar Square are all within walking distance.

  1.  Work in Groups

Students work in small groups and make up conversations where one of the students is a guide and the rest are tourists. The questions can be of different kind.

Sample Questions:

-What is the best time to visit London, to your mind?

-What are the most popular tourist attractions in the capital?

-Are Londoners really so reserved and unfriendly as they are thought to be?

-Is the admittance to the National Gallery free?

-What is on at the Covent Garden these days?

-How much are the tickets to the Odeon?

-How can I get to Oxford Street from here?

-Where is the nearest underground station?

-Where is it better to have a bite in London?

  1.  Lexical Test

I. Doing the Sights. Museums.

  1.  London is famous for numerous castles, monuments, cathedrals most of which have both an artistic and historical ….
  2.  outside
  3.  value
  4.  follow
  5.  The Houses of Parliament is a huge building in the Gothic style with several … and towers.
    1.  pinnacles
    2.  exception
    3.  bombardment
  6.  Tower of London is the most famous fortress and once the most … prison dates from 1078
  7.  portion
  8.  infamous
  9.  armour
  10.  One can hardly find a more histories spot in Britain that Westminster Abbey where all English kings and queens were ….
  11.  appearance
  12.  tombs
  13.  crowned
  14.  Opposite the Home Office is the Cenotaph (памятник в честь погибших в войну), which the fallen in two World Wars.
  15.  commemorates
  16.  execution
  17.  ornament
  18.  Before starting on a … tour, he should read about the places of interest he is going to visit.
  19.  impression
  20.  sightseeing
  21.  discussion
  22.  It’s a very interesting place, with paintings, sculpture, …, pottery, all beautifully arranged in historical periods.
  23.  sound
  24.  admit
  25.  ceramics
  26.  The best time to see the most popular … is early in the day and just before closing.
  27.  attractions
  28.  request
  29.  entrance
  30.  Prince Charles was married in St. Paul’s Cathedral in 1981 – “the … wedding of the century”.
  31.  fairy-tale
  32.  pulse
  33.  mention

 II. Task: supply the suitable words.

  1.  A building that preserves the memory of a person or event is called ….
    1.  An object in a public place in memory of a person, event is called ….
    2.  A tall pointed stone pillar (колонна) built in honour of а person or event is called ….
    3.  A very large ancient stone building, used in Egypt, as the burial place of a king is called ….
    4.  A large fort, a place strengthened for defence is called ….
    5.  A large strongly – built building made to be defended against attack is called ….
    6.  A building for public worship (церковная служба) in certain religions is called ….
    7.  The chief church of an area with a bishop (епископ) is called ….
    8.  A place, such as a small church used for Christian worship is called ….
    9.  A tall building standing alone or forming part of a castle, church is called ….
    10.  A grave, esp. a large decorated one is called ….
    11.  The remains of an old building or buildings is called.
    12.  A large and splendid house, where a king or queen lives is called ….
    13.  A part of the body or clothing of a holy person which is kept and respected after his/her death is called ….

For help:

  1.  chapel (часовня)
    1.  memorial
      1.  temple (храм)
      2.  palace
      3.  pyramid
      4.  fountain
      5.  fortress
      6.  relic (реликвия)
      7.  monument
      8.  castle
      9.  tower
      10.  ruins
      11.  obelisk
      12.  cathedral
      13.  tomb

Keys

I. A. 1 b; 2 a; 3 c; 4 c; 5 b; 6 a; 7 c; 8 a; 9 a; 10 c; 11 a; 12 c; 13 b; 14 b; 15 a.

 B. 1 a; 2 b; 3 c; 4 a; 5 b; 6 c; 7 a; 8 c; 9 b; 10 a; 11 c; 12 b; 13 a; 14 c; 15 a.

II. A. 1 j; 2 b; 3 m; 4 c; 5 g; 6 j; 7 c; 8 n; 9 a; 10 k; 11 o; 12 l; 13 d; 14 f; 15 h

9. Подведение итогов урока 

Today we have learnt and summarised  a lot. We talked, listened and watched about London – the treasure of Great Britain. You have done a lot of tests, London quiz, you have listened to the presentation of your classmates. You were industrious and worked hard. I’m satisfied with your activity and your results in work. Many thanks for your hard work. The lesson is over. Good-bye.


 

А также другие работы, которые могут Вас заинтересовать

20261. Дифузія в газах 43 KB
  Дифузія має місце в газах рідинах і твердих тілах причому дифундувати можуть як частинки сторонніх речовин що в них знаходяться так і власні частинки самодифузії якщо речовина неоднорідна. Швидкість дифузії залежить від температури. При дифузії молекули переміщуються з тих частин речовини де їх концентрація більше в ті її частини де вона менше. Основній закон дифузії – закон Фіка: густина дифузійного потоку I пропорційна градієнту концентрації n взятому з протилежним знаком: D – коеф.
20262. Другий віріальний коефіцієнт для різних моделей потенціалу взаємодії 114 KB
  Методом статистичних сум можна отримати рівняння стану: 1 Співвідношення Камерлінг – Онеса: 2 Порівнюючи 1 і 2: другий віріальний коефіцієнт Ідеальний газ: U=0 BT=0 pV=RT Модель твердих сфер: де об’єм молекули де не враховуємо притягання В 2 підставляємо ВТ: b V Модель Сюзерленда: = дорівнює першому доданку з 2. При реальний газ веде себе як ідеальний ТБ ТК критична температура тут ми використали 5 та глибина потенціальної ями Оскільки для моделі...
20263. Теорія Перкуса-Йєвіка 94.5 KB
  Теорія ПеркусаЙєвіка. Теорія ПеркусаЙєвіка – це спроба встановити ще одне рівняння. Теорія ПеркусаЙєвіка використовує умовні корелятивні функції. Нехай існує функціонал який може бути розкладений у ряд Тейлора по варіації в положенні частинки s1 за визначенням: Розглядались такі функціонали: 1 ; приводить до результатів Перкуса Йевіка; 2 ; приводить до результатів ББГКІ 3 .
20264. Теорія Ван-дер-Ваальса (ВдВ) критичних явищ 99.5 KB
  Теорія ВандерВаальса ВдВ критичних явищ. Одне з рівнянь що описує реальні гази – рівняння ВдВ: для 1го моля газу 1 де а і b –сталі пов’язані із силами притягання і відштовхуванням відповідно. Перепишемо 1: При Т1 : ізотерма ВдВ ліва вітка – рідкий стан права – газоподібний.Перехід із рідкого стану в газоподібний і в зворотному напрямку при звичайних умовах відбувається не вздовж ізотерми ВдВ АВСDE а вздовж ізотерми АЕ яка одночасно є і реальною ізотермою.
20265. Просторові кореляційні функції та властивості кореляційних функцій 63 KB
  Тобто якщо для системи відома функція то ми знаємо яке розташування N частинок системи є найбільш ймовірним. Але через математичні складності обчислень потенціальної енергії взаємодії N частинок системи ця задача розв’язана в дуже обмеженому числі випадків. Тому запропонували новий метод: замість функції розподілу густини ймовірностей певних статистичних станів системи Гіббса розглядається набір з N кореляційних функцій різного порядку: унарна кореляційна функція яка характеризує густину ймовірності що одна частинка системи...
20266. Молекулярна структура рідин. Два способи опису молекулярної структури 64 KB
  dV1 dV2 r EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.3 Г Р КР EMBED Equation.3 EMBED Equation.
20267. Поглинання звуку у в’язкопружних середовищах 80 KB
  Реологічне рівняння – це рівняння яке пов’язує тензор напруг з тензором деформацій і тензором швидкості деформацій. Для в’язкопружнього середовища реологічне рівняння: тензор напруг; тензор деформації; тензор швидкості деформації. та тоді наше рівняння буде мати вигляд: Звукова хвиля – це плоска хвиля. У в’язкопружньому середовищі на відміну від пружнього Підставляючи наше реологічне рівняння в рівняння руху отримаємо хвильове рівняння для звукової хвилі : Розв´язуючи це рівняння за умови Отримуємо вирази для швидкості...
20268. Оборудование подсистемы базовой станции (BSS) 523.5 KB
  1: контроллера базовой станции BSC Base Station Controller; базовой станции BTS Base Transceiver Station. Контроллер базовой станции BSC Контроллер базовой станции BSC центральная часть подсистемы базовой станции BSS. Контроллер BSC фирмы Ericsson рис. Контроллер BSC может контролировать радиосеть и рационально выравнивать временные дисбалансы в нагрузке на сеть.
20269. Оборудование подсистемы базовой станции (BSS). Блок приемопередатчика (TRU) 631.5 KB
  Он взаимодействует с другими компонентами через локальную шину Local Bus шину CDU шину синхронизации Timing Bus и Хшину Xbus. Блок объединения и распределения CDU CDU является интерфейсом между блоками TRU и антенной системой. CDU объединяет сигналы от нескольких приемопередатчиков и распределяет принятые сигналы ко всем приемникам. В функции CDU входит: объединение передаваемых сигналов; предусиление и распределение принимаемых сигналов; поддержка контроля антенной системы; фильтрация на радиочастоте; электропитание и контроль...