Music in our life
Педагогика и дидактика
Objectives: to revise and enrich students’ vocabulary on the topic; to improve students’ reading, speaking, writing skills; to practice students’ listening skills; to train students’ habits in group work; to cultivate students’ aesthetic tastes, awareness and respect to the world culture; to enhance students’ cognitive abilities and memory.
Music in our life.
to revise and enrich students vocabulary on the topic;
to improve students reading, speaking, writing skills;
to practice students listening skills;
to train students habits in group work;
to cultivate students aesthetic tastes, awareness and respect to the world culture;
to enhance students cognitive abilities and memory.
Equipment: tape recorder, records, posters, handouts.
T: Good morning, dear boys and girls and our guests! You are welcome in this classroom. Today our lesson is devoted to one of the most exciting sphere of human life. So, I need your attention and cooperation.
I want you to begin our lesson with the beautiful lines of poetry:
What is this life if, full of care
We have no time to stand and stare.
No time to stand beneath the boughs
And stare as long as sheep or cows.
No time to see when woods we pass,
Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass
No time to see in broad daylight,
Streams full of stars, like skies at night
No time to turn at Beautys glance,
And watch her feet how they could dance.
No time to wait till her mouth can
Enrich that smile her eyes began.
A poor life this if, full of care
We have no time to stand and stare.
W. H. Davis (1871 1940)
T: Well, what is the main idea of this poem? Yes, sometimes we dont have time to enjoy the beauty and happiness of the moment. But there is one phenomenon in our life and it would not be an exaggeration to say one of the greatest achievements in the history of mankind, which can stop the moment of the beauty, make it immortal. What phenomenon am I talking about?
Of course, its art!
II. Warming up
T: What can we refer to arts?
P1, 2: Theatre, painting and drawing, dancing, architecture, cinema, sculpture and of course, music!
T: We can hear music in the cinema, at the theatre, while dancing and enjoying masterpieces of great artists.
“Music can bring together all variations of colour and light” said Debussy.
Lets listen to some pieces of music. Say, how music makes your feel, what colours its associated with.
(The sounds of Chopin Waltz, hard rock)
P1: This melody is refreshing and gentle. It associates with pink colour for me.
P2: To my mind, this melody symbolizes someones innosent life without any troubles.
P3: While listening to this piece of music I have a feeling of insecurity. It is like something dangerous is going to happen. It is of black colour.
T: Your pictures are quite different. Why does it happen so?
P: Because music influences our mood and imagination and various kinds of it make us feel in different way.
T: Why does music exist in our life? What is it for?
P2: For letting our emotions go, for having fun, entertainment, for good mood.
T: What is music for you?
Ps: Music is happiness, universe, sorrow, beauty, dreams, power, history, thoughts…
T: What does music do?
Ps: It teaches, treats, inspires, ennobles, brings up, cures, enriches and entertains
T: Thank you, now lets see what famous people think about music. Choose a piece of paper with the quotation and give your comments of it.
1. Music is the wine that fills the cup of silence. (Robert Fripp)
2. Music is well said to be the speech of angels. (Thomas Carlyle)
3. Music is the universal language of mankind. (Henry Longfellow)
4. Music can name unnamable and communicate with the unknowable.
IV. Monologue speaking
1. T: What does music mean for you personally? What music do you like listening to when you have free time? What kind of music irritates you? Make use of the following key words:
romantic, melancholy, catchy, soft, sweet, touchy, sentimental, passionate, breathtaking, overwhelming, dramatic, exciting, lively, moving, soothing, soppy, tear-jerking, cluttered, tedious, terrifying, thoughtless, complicated, tuneless, dreadful, annoying, boring, foolish, loud.
2. Speak about your favourite styles of music and their performers.
P1: As for me I prefer classical style.
This term is used to generally to refer to any “serious” music. That is music, which traditions are traceable, from the various 20-th century styles to Romantic, Classical, Baroque, Renaissance and medieval music. It also used to denote a style which emphasizes formal beauty rather than freedom of personal expression, intellect rather than row emotions.
Sometimes, as a synonym of classical music is used the definition “serious music”. Serious music is a wider concept than classical music. It includes classical music, folk music and jazz.
Its representatives are: Mozart, Beethoven, Vladimir Gorovits, Mykola Lysenko, Chopin, Louis Armstrong and many others.
P 2: I for one like Ragtime which stands for “ragged(torn) rhythm (time)”A wonderful mixture of classical European and African beat. This unique style was known as Ragtime and was played everywhere in the USA in the early 1900s by both black and white musicians. Ever since it was the musical theme in the film the “The Sting” there are few people who have not tapped their feet to the bit piano tune “The Entertainer”- the most famous composition of the American musician, Scott Joplin (1868-1917) an undisputed king of Ragtime.
P 3: My real love is jazz.
Its improvised music. The great jazz musicians are individual players and not really composers. Jazz grew out of Negro Blues, ragtime and marching brass bands in about 1900.
Traditional jazz developed in New Orleans, a port in Louisiana. In the 1920s in New Orleans beautiful music filled the streets and cafes. The black and poor singers sang about their hard lives. The black music entered the whites culture changing the lifestyle of the people all over the world. The first well-known soloist and a real King of Jazz was Louis Armstrong.
The greatest composer of the history of jazz was one of the best band leaders Duke Ellington Everybody knows the names of Benny Goodman, Billy Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald.
P 4: As for me there is nothing like blues
In the 16th century in the south of America people said about a person inclined to a melancholy that he was seized by the devils of sadness (blue devils). Later on this phrase was changed into a word “blues”, which at the beginning of the 20th century became the name of a musical style expressing both hope and despair. The first blues performers were the descendants of the black slaves. Few of them could read, less could read music. So improvisation played a great role both in music and words. The most widely spread was 12-timed blues. Usually a couplet consisted of 3 strophes: the first strophe was repeated in each couplet, the rest two were improvised.
The brightest blues performers were Bessie Smith, Luice Jordan, Roy Milton, Haulin Wolf.
The centre of blues in Europe had become Great Britain. Rhythm-and-blues is clearly traced in early records of “The Beatles” and “The Rolling Stones”.
P5: Nobody will deny that rock-n-roll is number one in the world!
In the 1950s Elvis Presley became the king of rock-n-roll in the USA. The music travelled to Europe soon. It was especially popular among the teenagers. The parents were really shocked by the music their children adored. The young people disagreed with their parents, wore jeans and danced to their rock-n-roll records.
P 6: My preference is pop and rock music.
In 1960s in Great Britain a new band was created “The Beatles”, the most popular group in rock music history. The Beatles revolutionized pop music, started a new genre.
Many people ask: “What are the Beatles? What is the origin of this word?” It came in a vision a man appeared on a flaming pie and said: “From this day on you are the Beatles with an A”.
John Lennon (rhythm guitar) and Paul McCartney were writing simple songs and performing them so brilliantly that they gave a new impulse for the development of the musical community. Other members of the famous group were George Harrison (lead guitar) and Ringo Star (drums). Such songs as “Yesterday”, “Let it be”, “Love me do” (the very first single), “Yellow Submarine” made them the most popular band not only in Europe but throughout the world as well.
P 7: I am fond of heavy metal
During late 1960s and 1970s, the term “Heavy rock” was used to describe loud, electric guitar-based music. In the 1960s, Cream and Jimmie Hendrix were the leaders in this. In the 1970s, Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Black Sabbath and others were called “heavy rock” bands. But “heavy metal” was not used until the late 1970s as a name for this kind of music.
The term was taken from a song by the group Steppen Wolf, “Born to be Wild”, recorded in 1968, in which they sang about the “heavy metal thunder” sound of a motorbike. But it has since been taken by rock fans, and seems to describe very well a certain loud kind if music we all know and love now.
In the mid-1970s punk rock (a type of loud and aggressive rock music) exploded onto the scene and suddenly Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Black Sabbath Rush and others were out of fashion. In America Dutch-born Eddie Van Helen reinvented heavy metal, with his “speed guitar”, a style that has been very important in the music ever since.
The late 70s and early 80s saw a burst of talent all over the world. In Britain, Saxon produced their first album in 1979, Iron Maiden and Def Leppard brought out theirs in 1980.
Listed under the title “heavy metal” now are many different types of music. Its influence is left throughout the rock world. Grunge, whose most famous band was Nirvana, is partly a mixture of heavy metal and punk. Heavy metal may be controversial (causing a lot of angry public discussions and disagreement), but it does not look like going away.
P 8: Rap music is very popular today with the young people.
American pop-rocks newest major subgenre is rap music, an uncluttered (non-complicated) storytelling style that originated among teenagers in the late 1970s. Rap has been compared with a special kind of jazz, bebop (a type of jazz with complicated rhythm). From an underground street music in the late 1970s, rap has developed into a big business with at least half a dozen groups that sell more than 500, 000 copies of each album.
The most important rap group, Run-D.M.C., has sold over two million copies of its third album, Raising Hell. The group has taken a strong stand against drug use.
In the age of music video, the most significant figures in contemporary American pop rock are not just singing and songwriting personalities but mass-culture icons whose powerful visual personas enhance their music. No American pop musician has more mythical potency than Bruce Springsteen, who for many has come to symbolize America itself. With his 1984 album, “Born in the U.S.A.”, which sold 10 million copies, Springsteen is rock musics most expressive symbol of youthful American values since Elvis Presley.
Recent years have seen a healthy development of hybrid musical forms involving pop, rock, classical and international folk styles, many of which are marketed under the catchall term New Age.
V. Group work: matching idioms
T: We use a lot of musical words in our speech. Read the idioms and match them to their definition:
1. Music to my ears
2. Jazz something up
3. Change ones tune
5. Call the tune
6. Tune out
7. Beat and band
a) to make something more attractive or exciting
b) To change ones opinion or manner
c) unusual, non typical
d) good news, information that makes someone happy
e) ignore somebody or something
f) make decision
g) very much, very fast
Keys: 1-d; 2-a; 3-b; 4-c; 5-f; 6-e; 7-g;
1. All that jazz
2. Sing the blues
4. Play the second fiddle to somebody
5. To march to a different drummer
6. To blow ones own horn
7. To have a good ear for music
a) to take a leading part
b) et cetera and so forth
c) to be disappointed or disillusioned
d) to follow ones own ideas rather than being influenced by the group
e) to praise oneself
f) to be subordinate to somebody
g) lively, active
Keys: 1-b; 2-c; 3-g; 4-f; 5-d; 6-e; 7-a;
Pre-listening task: Listen to the following text and say why Louis Armstrong is called a powerful symbol of America.
While-listening task: Say if the following statements are true or false
1. Armstrong belongs to no single group of people, to no individual.
2. Armstrong is an Americas violinist and composer, a “king” of the New Orleans jazz style.
3. He was born into acute poverty in New Orleans
4. Some of his admirers didnt like the roles that he played in the pictures.
5. To some, Armstrong simply was showing the world the exuberance with which New Orleans musicians have entertained audience since the sunset of jazz.
6. In 1969, three years before his death, Armstrong lamented the place he had been accorded in American popular culture.
7. Louis Armstrong wrote his famous letter to the former president of the USA, Dwight D. Eisenhower in defence of the black kids.
8. American culture began to rediscover how much he had contributed into it.
Keys: 1T; 2F; 3T; 4T; 5F; 6F; 7T; 8T.
“By now, Armstrong belongs to no single group of people, to no individual. Hes a powerful symbol of America the quintessential story of someone who rose to greatness from difficult beginnings, someone who plays a music that couldnt have been invented anywhere in the world”.
(Michael Floyd, a musical critic)
Armstrong, Louis “Satchmo” (1900 1971) is an Americas trumpeter and composer a “king” of the New Orleans jazz style. He became the giant among all the New Orleans musicians, pursuing an illustrious career as a trumpet player, singer and entertainer.
He was born into acute poverty in New Orleans and later emerged as the exuberant symbol of an explosive new music, jazz.
People always saw Armstrong as the master musician he was. Some of his admirers didnt like the roles that he played in the pictures. They felt that in movies he was an Uncle Tom. Granted, not everyone reacted that way to Armstrongs prolific Hollywood career, which included appearances in roughly two dozen movies. To some, Armstrong simply was showing the world the exuberance with which New Orleans musicians have entertained audience since the dawn of jazz. Many people believed that Armstrong was pulling peoples legs clowning and grinning.
In 1969, two years before his death, Armstrong lamented the place he had been accorded in American popular culture: “I think that I have always done great things about uplifting my race, but was not appreciated”. Not enough people know about his famous letter to the former president of the USA, Dwight D. Eisenhower. In defence of the black kids during a great integration riot in Little Rock. As an American citizen, Armstrong spoke for his people, the Black.
The image of Armstrong smile on his face, handkerchief dabbing his forehead in “Hello, Dolly!” is well remembered. He was returned to grace. American culture began to rediscover how much he had contributed.
Once again, music opens doors. And with passages of time, the image of Armstrong cheerfully singing in “Hello, Dolly!” seemed not an affront to the civil rights battle but a bitter-sweet portrait of a great musician toward the end of his life.
A trumpeter трубач
To emerge виникати
Prolific родючий, плідний
To pull legs клеїти дурня
To lament жалітися
A riot заколот
Post-listening task: Answer the following questions
When and where was Louis Armstrong born?
Why do we say that he became the giant among all the New Orleans musicians?
Did he have a prolific career in Hollywood?
Was Armstrong pulling peoples legs with clowning and grinning?
Has he done great things about uplifting his race?
What kind of Armstrongs image is well-known and well-remembered to the public?
Pre-reading task: Was Louis Armstrong a famous musician? Would you like to be a famous person? What are advantages and disadvantages of being famous? Give your reasons.
While-reading task: Read the text and answer if it easy to be famous.
Is it easy to be famous?
Fame brings recognition and prosperity. Crowds of admires, bunches of flowers, pictures and autographs, telephone calls… and a complete lack of privacy. Nowadays the celebrities are followed everywhere by photographers. Clashes between celebrities and paparazzi in pursuit of snatched photography are becoming commonplace and have led to growing backlash from public figures, who are growing increasingly intolerant of intrusive press photographers.
The Princess of Wales used to be prime and permanent target. Hollywood stars, minor actors and television presenters have suffered at the hands of the new breed of “stalker” photographers. These freelance cameramen keep watch outside celebrity homes and venues, pursue their prey on motorcycles and are increasingly willing to risk a confrontation to get a picture.
The actor Tom Cruise, who has called for laws to control the paparazzi, said that he has been chased by the photographers through the tunnel in Paris where the Princess Diana was killed. “You look at the kind of money that is generated for the newspapers and for these paparazzi thats why the paparazzi are so persistent”, he said to the CNN correspondent.
The market for pictures of celebrities had been fuelled by technological advances in long-lens photography and video cameras and by growing competitions between newspapers and magazines, increasingly willing to pay for snatched pictures.
Arnold Schwarzenegger and his wife Maria Shriver were ambushed by photographers and trapped in their Mercedes-Benz between two cars driven by paparazzi. The actor Alec Baldwin and his wife Kim Basinger were confronted by a photographer as they brought their new-born daughter home from hospital. The list of the celebrities who have suffered harassment by photographers is long.
In the past two years British newspapers become cautious about buying snatched pictures in an attempt to fen off privacy laws and preserve freedom. Most of the worst “offenders”, however, are freelance photographers, whose actions are beyond the newspapers direct control.
prosperity процвітання an ambush засідка
a clash сутичка a trap пастка
a pursuit пошук harassment набридання
snatched компрометуючий an attempt спроба
a backlash різка відповідь cautious обережний
intrusive навязливий freelance без ліцензій
I. Match the words:
6. TV presenter
9. to be chased
11. to ambushed
g) попасти в засідку
h) відомі люди
j) звичайна річ
II. Arrange the words into the pairs of synonyms:
a TV presenter
to be fuelled
to be confronted
a) famous people
c) a photo
e) to be attacked
f) to be increased
h) “stalker” photographers
l) a TV host
III. Complete the following ideas:
Fame brings recognition and ….
Crowds of admires, bunches of flowers, pictures and autographs, telephone calls and a complete lack of ….
Clashes between celebrities and paparazzi in pursuit of snatched photography are becoming….
The princes of Wales used to be prime and permanent....
The market for pictures of celebrities had been fuelled by technological ….
Arnold Schwarzenegger and his wife Maria Shriver were ambushed by photographers and trapped in their ….
In the past two years British newspapers become cautious about buying ….
Most of the worst “offenders”, however, are freelance photographers, whose actions are beyond the newspapers direct ….
1-e; 2-k; 3-l; 4-j; 5-I; 6-a; 7-h; 8-d; 9-f; 10-b; 11-g; 12-e.
1-k; 2-I; 3-a; 4-h; 5-d; 6-j; 7-b; 8-l; 9-c; 10-f; 11-e; 12-g.
III. 1. prosperity; 2. privacy; 3. commonplace; 4. target; 5. advances; 6. Mercedes- Benz; 7. snatched pictures; 8. control.
VII. Dialogue speaking: Choose a partner and discuss the topic “Being famous advantages and disadvantages.”
IX Summing up:
T: Today we have spoken about music in our life, your attitude to music, its different styles, famous musicians and the life of celebrities.
I hope, our lesson has given you unforgettable moments and enriched your inner world. Maybe someone will make a famous musician himself one day!
Everybody has only good and excellent marks today.
X. Home assignment
Write an essay on the topic «Music in my life».
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