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Урок-круглий стіл «Освіта в Україні, Великобританії і США»

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

Schooling in Ukrine P1. s rule schooling in Ukrine begings t the ge of 6. The Ukrinin school system is orgnised into four levels: primry secondry higher nd postsecondry eduction Generl secondry eduction is compulsory. Primry nd secondry school hs three stges: primry bsic nd senior.

Английский

2014-04-02

56 KB

3 чел.

Урок-круглий стіл «Освіта в Україні, Великобританії і США».

Мета: узагальнити лексичний матеріал з теми «Освіта в Україні, США та Великобританії»; удосконалювати навички говоріння учнів з теми; розвивати пам’ять, швидкість мовленнєвої реакції; виховувати свідоме ставлення до навчання.

Обладнання: прапори США, України та Сполученого Королівства, плакати-схеми системи освіти у США, в Україні і Великобританії, картки із завданням для аудіювання

Хід уроку

І. Організаційний момент.

Повідомлення теми та мети уроку, введення в іншомовне середовище.

T. So, today we’ll discuss a very important topic “Education in Ukraine, Great Britain and in the USA”. We’ll know what is different  and what is common in the system of education in these countries.

First of all tell me what proverbs about education you know.

P1: Knowledge is power.

P2:Live and learn.

P3:It’s never late to learn.

P4:To know everything is to know nothing.

P5:So many languages you know, so many times you are a man.

T. And now I’d like to see what you know about education in Great Britain and in the USA. So, answer my questions, please.

Ex. 1 p.42

II.Основна частина.

Schooling in Ukraine

P1. As a rule, schooling in Ukraine  begings at the age of 6. The Ukrainian school system is organised into four levels: primary, secondary, higher and post-secondary education

General secondary education is compulsory. Post-secondary education is available in different ways. Primary and secondary school has three stages: primary, basic and senior.Primary school comprises grades from 1 to 4. Grades 5-9 are usually referred to as ‘basic school’, while 10-12 are ‘senior school’. Students usually study in the same school building throughout their primary and secondary education. Primary schooling lasts 4 years and basic school 5. The middle school curriculum varies slightly between schools. There are then 2 profile years. New types of schools appeared; gymnasiums, lycees, and private schools. Post secondary education is provided by vocational training schools, universities and institutes. Higher education gives different qualifications: senior specialist (bachelor’s), specialist and Master’s degree. Higher education is either state funded or private. Ukraine cooperates with more than 50 international educational organisations.

P2: I’d like to add some more information about schools in Ukraine. Of course, schooling in Ukraine is free of charge.and all pupils are supplied with all necessary textbooks. Schools are of several types: secondary comprehensive schools and specialized schools. In specialized schools  pupils study all subjects as well but one is taught more thoroughly.Post secondary education is provided by vocational training schools, universities and institutes. Higher education gives different qualifications: senior specialist (bachelor’s), specialist and Master’s degree. Higher education is either state funded or private. Ukraine cooperates with more than 50 international educational organisations.

P3: I’d like to add some more information about schools in Ukraine. Of course, schooling in Ukraine is free of charge.and all pupils are supplied with all necessary textbooks. Schools are of several types: secondary comprehensive schools and specialized schools. In specialized schools  pupils study all subjects as well but one is taught more thoroughly.

P4: We study different subjects at school. In primary school pupils study Maths, Reading, Wrighting, Crafts, Nature Study and English, of course. They also have Physical Training lessons, Music and Art.In the next stage  (basic school) they study some more subjects: History, Biology, Physics, Chemistry. At the age of 15 all pupils finish the nineth form and have to pass 5 exams.Then they may stay at school and go on studying fo 2 more years to get a secondary education. The others can enter vocational school or college and get both secondary education and some trade.

T. Are there any questions to the speakers?

Question 1. What about pre-school education in Ukraine? Do children attend kindergartens?

P5:  Of course, from the age of 2-3 children begin attending kindergarten. And they also have to attend preparatory class at the age of 5. There children learn to sing, to learn poems, listen snd retell fairy-tales, count and solve simple arithmetic puzzles. They also learn to draw and make some thins of plastiline. Or simply saying, they learn while playing.

Question 2. How many terms have you got at school?

P6: We’ve got 2 terms. The first is from Sptember till January. And then our pupils have got two-weeks holidays. And from the middle of January till the end of May the second term lasts. But during each term Ukrainian  pupils also have a week of holidays.

Question 3. Where is vocational education provided?

P7: Vocational education is provided in secondary schools or in vocational schools.

Question 4.  Do Ukrainian school-leavers take any exams?

P8: School-leavers also have to take 3 exams at school and independent tests in 3 or more subjects if they want to enter any institute or university.

 

T: Are there any more questions? No? Then the representatives of Great Britain will inform us about their system of education. You are welcome.

P9: The British system of education is confusing to natives – to the outsider it looks impossible to understand! There are many different types of schools in Britain. There are, however, only three main systems: the comprehensive system, the selective system, the private (independent) system. Within the three systems, there are several varieties of schools. For instance, you can find:

a)schools for boys only;

b)schools for girls only;

c)mixed schools – for boys and girls;

d)voluntary schools – often with a religious background – such as Roman catholic schools.

P10: The comprehensive system. More than 90% of children who go to state schools in England and Wales go to schools in the comprehensive system – a system introduced in the 1960s. children go to a primary (or first) school at the sge of five. Depending on the policy of the local Education Authority they may go to the upper school – usually caleed the comprehensive school – at the age of 11. Altematively, they may go to a middle school for three or four years before going to the upper school. The comprehensive system is nonselective. This means that all children go from one school to another without taking any exams, and without being selected according to their abilities.

P11: The selective system. In more areas of Britain, you can still find a different, and older, system of education (introduced in 1944). This is the selective system – children are selected for certain schools according to their abilities. All children go to a primary school until the age of 11. They then take an examination called the 11-plus. Those who are successful go to a grammar school, where they receive a more academic education. Those who fail the exam go to a secondary Modern school, where they receive an education which is less academic, and more intended to train them for a job when they leave at the age of 16.

P12: The private (independent) system. About 7 % of cgildren go to private schools. There are three levels of private school – primary schools (age four to eight) and preparatory (prep) schools (eight to 13). At the age of 13, children take an examination. If they pass, they go on to public school, where they usually remain until they are 18. Many preparatory and most public schools are boarding schools – the children live at the school during the school terms. Be careful – although these schools are called “public”, they are, in fact, private, and it can be very expensive to send your child to such a school.

Question 1. So, there are 2 types of schools in the United Kingdom, state and private, aren’t there? But what are free schools like?

P13: Free school.

School Rules — OK? You mustn't smoke or wear make-up. You must do your homework on time. You mustn't fight in the playground. Even if you like school, it seems that someone is always telling you what to do.

That is why a lot of children don't like school. And now a few teachers believe that is why some kids don't learn. People learn better and faster when they have more choice in what they learn, and when and how they learn it.

At White Lion Street Free School, people believe that school should teach what children need and want to learn. School should help a child to think for himself or herself. After all, when you leave school, you have to make important decisions — by yourself.There is no punishment for missing school. But many kids spend more time here than other children spend in ordinary schools. This school is open in the evenings and some weekends. The kids complain, if holidays last longer than two weeks.There are no compulsory lessons. Each child has one adult who  follows his progress through school. Together they decide what he needs to learn next, and the child does this in his own time. Sometimes kids work on their own,sometimes with an adult, sometimes in a group.

A lot happens outside school. They believe you can't learn everything in one building. They visit local factories, markets, shops, fire and police stations. They talk to people about their jobs, visit exhibitions, go roller-skating and horse-riding, make trips to the country or the sea and go camping.

It's not a very big school — only 50 kids, between the ages of 3 and 17 — or a rich school. There are very few Free Schools in England.

Afternoons are for a great variety of things. Adults "advertise" what they're doing in their rooms on certain days. The kids choose which group to join. There are no special times when they must start a lesson. Each day there is a list of activities they can choose between.

Question 2. How many terms are there at English schools?

P14: 3 terms. Between terms they have got 2-weeks holidays at Christmas and Easter. In summer they study till late June. Then they’ve got summer holidays which last about 6 weeks.

Question 3. How many subjects,which are compulsory, does the national curriculum consist of?

P15: The national curriculum consists of 10 compulsory subjects: English, Math, Biology, Science are the main. They also must study one foreign language: German or French. The other foundation subjects in Great Britain are Technology, Design, music, Art, History, Geography, physical Education. Sport is very important in British schools. They even have sports days in late spring or early summer.

T. And now  the representatives of the USA will tell us about their system of education.

P16:  Public and Private Schools

About 88% of American children receive their elementary and high school education in the nation's public schools. These schools have the following important characteristics in common:

a) They are supported by taxes and, therefore, do not charge  tuition.

b) In general, they are neighbourhood schools, open to all students who live within the district.

c) They are co-educational, which means that boys and girls at tend the same schools and have nearly all of their classes together.
 By providing girls with equal educational opportunity, American  public schools have helped to create today's self-sufficient American woman.

Public schools are required to follow some state guidelines regarding, for example, curriculum and teacher qualifications. But, i in most matters, schools are locally controlled. Each school district is run by an elected Board of Education and the school administra tors that Board hires. This system creates strong ties between the district's schools and its community.

Public schools are non-sectarian (secular), which means that they are free from the influence of any religion. As a result, children of many different religions feel comfortable attending the public schools, and the public school system has been able to help a diverse population build a common culture.

  Private schools can be divided into two categories: parochial (supported by a particular religious group) and secular (non-religious).  Private schools charge tuition and are not under direct public control, although many states set educational standards for them. In order to attend a private school, a student must apply and be accepted. Parochial schools make up the largest group of private schools, and most of these are operated by the Roman Catholic Church. Private secular schools are mainly high schools and colleges.

American Schools

P17: Americans have always aimed for equal opportunities in education. Americans spend six years in elementary school, four or six yers in junior or high school. At the end of every school year the pupil takes a test. If he doesn’t do well, he has to repeat a year once more. If he does well he goes to ibto the next class. School education is free. At more advanced level pupils can choose some subjects. Pupils take an active part in extra-curriculum activities. Many different sports are also available.

At the end of their time at school most students get a secondary school diploma. If they want to go to colledge, they take colledge admission tests.teaching in the country is very informal. Students often work together in groups and go the teacher only when they do need help.

P18:  Early Childhood Education By the age of five, about 87% of American children are attending school, most of them in pre-academic classes called kindergarten.In fact, about 29% of three-year-olds and 49% of four-year-olds are enrolled in one or the other.The typical nursery school is equipped with toys, building blocks, book puzzles, art supplies, and an outdoor playground. These preschool programmes usually charge tuition, although some are subsidized, and some offer scholarships. Day care programmes are similar facilities that off all-day care for the children of working parents.

P19:  Elementary School and High School

 In most areas, free public education begins with kindergarten classes for five-year-olds. These are usually half-day classes two or three hours long, although some communities ran all-day kindergarten programmes. The primary purpose of kindergarten is socialization but the young students also gain in formation and skills. For example, they learn to identify colours, count to ten, print their names, work with art supplies, listen to stories, and enjoy books. After kindergarten American children begin their academic studies. Their schooling is divided into 12 academic levels called grades. One school year (from late August or early September to mid-June) is required to complete each grade. Academic work — learning to read, write, and do arithmetic — begins when children enter 1st grade, at about age of six.

P20:  The first academic institution that a student attends is called "elementary school"or "grammar school". In some school systems, elementary school includes kindergarten through 8th grade, and the next years (taught in a different school building) are called "high school".In other school systems, there is a third division called "junior high school"(or "middle school') which usually includes grades 6 through 8, but in some communities it includes grades 4 or 5 through 8 and in others — grades 7 through 9.

The typical school day is about seven hours long and ends at 3 p.m. Classes are in session Monday through Friday. Traditional vacation periods include a two-week winter vacation (including the Christmas and New Year's holidays), a one-week spring vacation (often coinciding with Easter), and a two-month summer vacation. In addition, there are several one-day holidays giving students a day off to celebrate.

 Children going to public elementary schools usually attend school in their neighbourhood. In big cities, many children live close enough to walk to and from school and come home for lunch. However most elementary schools provide a place where students can eat. 

Question 1. Is nursery school compulsory? When do children go to the kindergarten and to the elementary school?

P18: Nursery school is optional from the age of 3. But at five kids go to the kindergarten where they learn while playing. At the age of 6 they start elementary school. There they learn to read, write and do sums.

T. Thank you very much. And now you’ll listen to the text about the University of east Anglia in Norwich and do the tasks.The University of East Anglia in Norwich is one of the seven so-called 'new universities'. It was founded in 1961, and had its first students in 1963. Since 1963 the University has grown fast.UEA combines the traditional high standards of British universities with an imaginative approach to course design. The academic work of the University is based on thirteen Schools of Study. They are made up of subjects, which are connected with each other. The small group teaching has always been a feature of our courses.

UEA is beautifully situated in 270 acres of park and woodland outside Norwich. The main campus, University Plain, offers everything a student needs, within easy reach. The buildings are modern and have considerable architectural distinction.

The main academic building, known as the Teaching Wall, was designed by the well-known architect Sir Denys Lasdun. It was completed in 1972 and houses nine of our schools of study providing lecture and seminar rooms, offices, laboratories, common rooms and others.

Our oldest building, Earlham Hall, dates back to the sixteenth century. It houses the School of Law, and is located in Earlham Park a short walk from the main campus.

Our two most recent academic buildings the Climatic Research building and the Education building were opened in 1986. They are both designed by the young American architect Rick Mather.

At the centre of the campus is the Square, the main outdoor meeting place. Here students come between classes to talk, to refresh themselves with drinks, or simply to sit at the side of the pond and the little waterfall.

True or false

1.The UEA includes seven universities.

2.The first students entered the UEA in 1961.

3.The UEA has 13 schools of study.

4.Each school of study is a combination of several subjects.

5.Students are taught in small groups.

6.The UEA is situated in the centre of Norwich.

7.The most schools of study are situated in the main building.

8.The main building is the oldest one.

9.The newest academic buildings are designed by a foreign architect.

10.The Square is the place where students usually meet

III. Заключна частина.

T. Thank you. Now you know more about the system of education in our country, in Great Britain and in the USA. You may have some more questions but we haven’t time for it. So, at home you’ll write about the university in the Usa or Great Britain you’d like to study at if you had such opportunity. The lesson is over. See you at the next lesson.


 

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