Sport. Dangerous Sport

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

Sport is probably as old as the humanity itself. It has been developing with the developing and growth of the mankind. All over the world people of different ages are very fond of sports and games. Sport not only helps people to become strong and to develop physically but also makes them more organized and better disciplined in their daily activities.



278 KB

3 чел.

«Sport. Dangerous Sport»


В цій роботі представлена розробка трьох уроків з теми
Sport. Dangerous Sport». Головна мета уроків – навчити учнів вживати лексику з теми, надати можливість учням дізнатися про різні види спорту.

У роботі міститься матеріал для аудіювання та читання, вправи для розвитку мовлення, описана участь учнів у проекті  IEARNGLOBAL TEENAGERS”.

                                                             Урок 1

Dangerous Sports

Sport is probably as old as the humanity itself. It has been developing with the developing and growth of the mankind.

All over the world people of different ages are very fond of sports and games. Sport not only helps people to become strong and to develop physically but also makes them more organized and better disciplined in their daily activities. It makes for a healthy mind in a healthy body. Sports help people to keep in good health.

We all need to exercise. Even if you don't plan to make a career in sport you still have to practice. Regular exercise gives you more energy. That is why many people who suffer from general tiredness should take more exercise than more rest. Exercise makes you feel and look better. The best exercise is one which involves in repeated movements, those are: walking, jogging or swimming. Bending and stretching will add flexibility and feeling of lightness.

Among the sports popular in our country are football, basketball, swimming, volleyball, ice hockey, tennis, gymnastics,   figure skating. A person can choose sports and games for any season, for any taste.

Learning objectives

To practice scanning for specific information

To practice speaking about sport

To write projects about sport, to work in the project Learning Circle.

To practice listening

To practice expressing your imaginations


The class is divided into 4 groups


Each group has to make presentations about Sport and Health and how Sport influences our Life.


  1.  Vocabulary

Bungee jumping

Extreme mountain biking

Extreme skiing


Ice diving




White water rafting

  1.  Look at the photos and the key words. Answer the questions.
  •  What is happening in each photo?
  •  How do you think the people feel?
  •  Which sport do you think is the most dangerous? Why?
  •  Have you ever tried any of these extreme sports? Which one?
  •  Which sports would you like to try? Why?
  1.  youtube.video.extremesports top 20 kickass The groups have to watch film about Extreme Sports.

They try to guess what sports are the most dangerous.


  •  Before you listen, always look for clues that will help you understand what you are going to listen to.
  •  Read the questions carefully to help you listen for specific information.
  •  Use your knowledge of the world to try to predict answers to the questions.
  •  Guess the answers which you can, then check when you are listening.

Use the Strategies to answer the questions below.

  1.  People do extreme sports in order to feel….
  2.  Exited                                                                              
  3.  nervous
  4.  happy
  5.  Extreme sports have become popular in the last…
  6.  5 years
  7.  10 years
  8.  20 years

People usually bungee jump from…                                       

  1.  airplanes
  2.  high buildings
  3.  bridges
  4.  In skysurfing people do mid-air…
  5.  gymnastics
  6.  dancing
  7.  swimming

5.Skysurfing has similarities with…

a) skiing

b) surfing

c) canoeing

6. Snowrafting is…

a) quite dangerous

b) very dangerous

c) not very dangerous                                                 

7. For white water rafting you need…

a) a big river

b) a warm river

c) a mountain river

8. Ice dives…

a)swim under the ice

b) walk on the bottom of lakes.

c) walk upside down under the ice.

Listen to a TV programme and check your answers.


Presenter:... and now we're going to take a look at extreme sports. More and more people are taking them up, but what exactly are they? How dangerous are they? What makes people risk their lives to do them? Michelle is going to tell us all about them.

Michelle: Speed, excitement, danger. You can find all these in the various extreme sports that have become popular in the last ten years or so. Take bungee jumping. You jump off a high bridge, like this one I'm standing on now, and you fall and fall, and then, just before you hit the ground or water, an elastic rope pulls you back. No way! There's no way I'd go through with that, I'm telling you! And other extreme sports appear just as crazy. Look at this video. In skysurfing you jump out of an aeroplane and use a board to 'surf the air, doing gymnastics in mid-air! Amazing, isn't it? And extreme sports on land can be just as dangerous. Winter sports have always had an element of danger. I'm into skiing myself and I've had a couple of nasty falls. But new sports like snowboarding, extreme skiing are much more dangerous. Probably the most dangerous of the new winter sports is snowrafting. It's difficult to get across just how dangerous it is but imagine - you sit in a rubber boat and 'sail' down a mountain at great speed - and you can't control the boat! Crazy, isn't it? Of course, water sports have always been fun. In white water rafting you sit in a small inflatable raft and go down a river at great speed. Fast flowing mountain rivers are the best. Then there are sports like ice-canyoning and ice diving, for those people who are absolutely crazy. Ice diving is not easy to set up because you need good diving equipment and a frozen lake. First you break the ice and then you get into the fatter. Sounds fun, doesn't it? And, if thats not enough, you then try to walk upside down on the ice! Mm, I feel cold just watching it...

  1.  Listen to two people talking about extreme sports. Complete the table.





Doesn’t like


Would like to try

Wouldn’t like to try

Bungee jumping


Interviewer: So tell me, Carol, what sort of extreme sports do you do?

Carol: I like bungee jumping. Its great, really exciting.

Interviewer: But what makes you do bungee jumping?

Carol: Well, I get nervous, you know. But when I'm jumping, I feel great. Ifs like being a bird.

Interviewer: Really? What about other extreme sports?

Carol: Mm, I'd love to try skysurfing, but it's very expensive, you know.

Interviewer: Right. Are there any sports you wouldn't try?

Carol: I'm pretty adventurous but even I wouldn't like to do snowrafting. There've been some terrible accidents. I hate doing boring sports. Like tennis. Personally, I'd prefer to stay at home.

Interviewer: Oh, ifs not that bad! Thank you very much. Carol. And now we have another 'extreme' sports fan, Jonathan. Jonathan, what extreme sports do you do?

Jonathan: Well, I prefer winter sports. There's something about snow... I love going skiing. And I quite like snowboarding. It's really cool.

Interviewer: So, why do you do it?

Jonathan: Well, as I said, I'm a snow fanatic. And I love sports where there's speed. I can't stand slow sports, you know, like sailing.

Interviewer: What other sports would you like to try?

Jonathan: I'd quite like to go ice diving - it sounds crazy!

Interviewer: Are there any sports you wouldn't like to try?

Jonathan: Oh yeah. I can't stand heights. I'd hate to do bungee jumping. It looks absolutely terrifying.

Interviewer: It certainly does. Right, Jonathan, thank you very much.

  1.  Listen again. Complete the Function File with the following words.

quite like, would love, can’t stand, love, like, wouldn’t like, prefer, hate, would prefer.

Preferences                                                                                          +to+infinitive

+ ing or noun                                                                             

1……….bungee jumping. I 2……….to try skysurfing.

I 3……….to do snowrafting

       I 4……..doing boring sports I 5……….to stay at home.

I 6………winter sports 10…….to go ice diving

I 7………going skiing

I 8……… snowboarding

I 9………slow sports

7. Use these words to write sentences about your preferences.

Skiing, rock climbing, playing basketball, bungee jumping, swimming, sailing, snowboarding, playing tennis, ice-skating, ski-jumping.


I love skiing

I’d love to try skiing.


 Project Work.  Works of our pupils on the topic Sport. Taking part in international and national projects I*EARN.

IEARN (International Education and Resource Network) - Міжнародна освітня та ресурсна мережа - одна з найбільших у світі неприбуткових освітніх організацій, в якій вчителі та учні більше 100 країн світу співпрацюють в телекомунікаційних проектах. Робота в мережі розпочата в 1988 році.

Ці проекти дозволяють учням :

  •  відчути себе громадянами світу і разом будувати своє майбутнє;
  •  оволодіти навичками дослідницької роботи;
  •  розвивати навички мислення високого рівня;
  •  ефективно використовувати новітні інформаційні технології навчання;
  •  розвивати навички співробітництва та комунікативні навички;
  •  спілкуватися з людьми різних культур, віросповідань, рас, національностей.

Всі роботи учнів вміщені або на спеціально створених сайтах проектів, або на веб-сайті www.iearn.org.

В Україні в 1998 році створена та ефективно працює вже майже 10 років національна мережа з розвитку і застосування телекомунікацій в освіті (www.iearn.org.ua), яка на початку була підтримана Міжнародним фондом "ВІДРОДЖЕННЯ”. В 2002 році створена громадська освітня організація Ресурсно-методичний центр «АЙОРН», який є членом Міжнародної іEARN Асамблеї. Українські вчителі з усіх регіонів країни створюють телекомунікаційні проекти з біології, географії, фізики, інформатики, англійської мови, математики, літератури, української мови, образотворчого мистецтва, історії, екології, та інших навчальних предметів. В нашій країні на базі національної мережі створений координаційний центр проекту GTP (Global Teenager Project) у м. Кіровограді. Більшість шкіл програми є Пілотними школами Інституту інформаційних технологій та засобів навчання АПН України. З роботою програми в Україні ви можете ознайомитись на www.iearn.org.ua, роботи учнів та форуми програми – на www.e-ukraine.org/subsites/iearn/. Роботи наших українських учнів також ви можете побачити і в міжнародних проектах, де наші учні та вчителі діляться своїми думками та розповідають про нашу країну іншим учасникам.

Як ведеться робота в міжнародних проектах програми

РОбота в міжнародних проектах ведеться на міжнародному сайті http://www.iearn.org .

Частина сайту (інформаційна) відкрита для всіх відвідувачів Інтернету.

ДЛя того щоб працювати з учнями в міжнародних проектах, школа має бути членом iEARN та потрібно здійснити спеціальну реєстрацію, яку підтверджує національний координатор з метою створення безпечного для дітей середовища для спілкування.

Якщо ви з своїми учнями бажаєте брати участь в роботі програми, і ваша школа не є зареєстрованим членом програми, ви маєте написати листа про своє бажання координатору iEARN в УКраїні.

iEARN projects are designed and facilitated by educators and students worldwide, and result in a range of collaborative final "products." Below are four examples -- use the search block to the left to view all of the currently active iEARN projects!

Good Deeds

Share with us, on a regular basis, a simple good deed you have achieved, showing the details and motives behind this act.



One Day in the Life

Students describe a day in their life and are also invited to share visual images of their days through the "A Day in the Life: Photo Diaries," a digital photography exchange.

Global Art: A Sense of Caring

Students exchange artwork and writing on "a sense of caring." Among recent contributions is artwork related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Natural Disaster Youth Summit 2010

A project in which students learn how to cope with natural disasters through communication and collaboration with global friends.

We encourage all iEARN teachers and students to participate in existing projects before initiating a project of their own. If you are interested in submitting a new project, email projects@us.iearn.org.

Learning Circles


Урок 2

Sport for Underprivileged Youngsters.

Learning objectives

To practice scanning for specific information

To practice speaking about sport

To write projects about sport, to work in the project Learning Circle.

To practice listening

To practice expressing your imaginations


The class is divided into 4 groups


Past simple and present perfect simple

Identify the tenses in the following sentences. Which words or phrases give a clue to the tense?

1  I've already spent the money.

2  I got home at eleven thirty last night.

3  I've had three hamburgers so far today.

4  Have you seen the film Howards End yet?

5  I met him three weeks ago.

6  Look! You've just spilt something on your T-shirt.

Match each sentence above with the way the tense is used below.


1 = b

a)  to talk about completed actions or events at a specified time in the past

b)  to talk about experiences and events at an unspecified time in the past

c)  to talk about events in a period of time that is not yet finished

d)  to talk about the present result of a past event

Match the question to the correct answer.

'Have you ever been to the USA?'

a)  Yes, I've been last summer.

b)  Yes, I went last summer.


3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the past simple or the present perfect simple.

1  I (just/finish) the book Gone with the Wind.

2  My parents (go) to Australia for a holiday last year.

3   (you/ever/eat) bird's nest soup?

4  She (write) to her boyfriend three times already this week.

5  My best friend (move) to another town three months ago.

6  Look! You (tear) the pocket of your jeans.

4 Make conversations using the question cues. Try to extend each conversation naturally.


a: Have you ever been abroad?

b: Yes, I have, several times. (No, I haven't.)

(When? Where? What? How?) a: Where did you go last time? b: I went to the USA last summer. It was great.

What about you?

go abroad

break an arm or a leg,sing or speak in public

ride a horse or motorbike

see or meet anybody famous ■

fail an exam or test

make a telephone call in English


The first time + present perfect simple

Which is correct?

1  This is the first time I've flown.

2  This is the first time 1 am flying.

3  This is the first time I fly.

The first sentence is correct. A sentence beginning: This/It is the first/second/third time can only be followed by a present perfect tense.

It was the first/second/third time must be followed by the past perfect tense. It was the first time 7 had flown.


5 Answer the questions using the present perfect with first time.


a: Are you feeling all right?

b: Not really. It's the first time I've (ever) flown.

1  Are you feeling all right? (Not really/fly)

2  Do you like raw fish? (I don't know/eat it)

3  Have you seen Tosca before? (No/go to an opera)

4  He's obviously a very experienced speaker. (Actually/speak in public)

5  This cake is delicious. (Thank you/make one)


6 Listen to Celia talking about the first time she did a parachute jump. Answer the questions.

1  How did she prepare for the jump?

2  Why was she the first to jump?

3  What stopped her from 'backing out' at the last minute?

4  What three stages of emotion did she experience after jumping?

Falling TO GRACE

It is high summer. The ocean breeze has cooled the air, but inside the aeroplane cabin the heat and the smell of petrol makes the passengers' heads swim. Six so-called 'problem' adolescents are taking their seats, strapped into parachutes, accompanied by a supervisor and an instructor. Their stomachs are tied in knots, their expressions frozen; the anxiety is almost palpable. It is late afternoon and this is the first time they have done a parachute jump.

Arnaud, aged seventeen, was not particularly apprehensive: 'When I first got in the plane, I felt slightly ill. But when we had to get up and go to the open door, I didn't stop to ask myself questions.' With his helmet firmly strapped on, Arnauld threw himself out. Others followed Arnaud to the door, although some couldn't bring themselves to jump.

Once his parachute had opened automatically, Arnaud, a young man with serious family problems, had time to see the world from another angle. The Essone Youth Project Service is basically trying to find an occupation for underprivileged youngsters who have nothing to do in summer. Although there is no official theory to support parachuting as a benefit, the instructors at Essone believe that the surge of adrenalin at the moment of the big jump could replace the emotional charge felt by a teenager committing a crime.


7  Answer True or False.

I The temperature inside the cabin is cool and pleasant.

2 The teenagers are all experienced parachutists.

3  Arnaud is not scared of jumping.

4  Everyone in the cabin completed the jump.

5  It has been proved that parachuting helps teenagers with criminal backgrounds.

8  Study the words.

Find a word or expression in the article which has a similar meaning to the following.

1 a light wind   2 makes you dizzy   3 something you can see and feel curly   5 a sudden forward movement   6 force

What do you understand by the following expressions?

1 six so-called 'problem' adolescents

:eir stomachs are tied in knots 3 they couldn't bring themselves to jump see something from another angle

9  Talk about it.

:hink it is a good idea to change the behavior of problem teenagers in this way?

u think of any other ways of tackling teenage crime?

e re any similar schemes in your country?


10 Sort the following adjectives into two groups under the headings Fear and Courage. Use a dictionary if necessary.

frightened courageous anxious nervous petrified daring apprehensive uneasy fearless reckless scared terrified bold brave


Fear frightened

Courage courageous

WRITING: A personal experience

11 Write a paragraph about when you did a sport or activity (not necessarily a dangerous one) for the first time.

Start like this:

Last year when I was' (on holiday) in... I decided to try.... It was the first time I had ever.... I was guitе nervous at first,...


Урок 3

Sport Competitions

Learning objectives

To practice scanning for specific information

To practice listening

Giving emphasis

To practice making the dialogues

To practice expressing your imaginations


1   Before you listen

Look at the picture and the extract from the newspaper article.

Who is Terry Granger? What happened to him?

2   Which statement matches your reaction most closely?

a)   It doesn't surprise me. This sort of thing is always happening in boxing.

b)  This is a good example of why the sport should be banned.

c)   This is just a very unfortunate one-off incident. All sports have their share of casualties.


3   Listen and complete the dialogue.

 penny: Look at this! Granger is on a life-support machine.

 dick:     Who?

penny: The boxer who got knocked out the other night in the World Heavyweight Championship.                           

dick:    Yes.! It was a good match.

penny: Well, I didn't think so. How …. a good match when people get brain damage like that?I banned as a sport.

Dick: Oh come on! It’s not that dangerous. Boxers don’t get hurt very often.

Penny: But they…. And seriously too. Look What happened to Terry Granger. In fact…it doesn’t happen to more boxers.


Using stress

Different words in a sentence can be stressed depending on what aspect of the truth the speaker wishes to emphasize.

He was at home, (but she wasn't)

He was at home, (even if you think he wasn't)

He was at home, (not at work)

Adding an auxiliary

With positive statements in the present or past simple do, does or did is added. But they do get hurt. But I did pay him.

Using cleft sentences

If we want to emphasize a special part of the sentence, it can be preceded by a separate clause starting with What. What I can't understand is how they managed to find that sort of money. (= I can't understand how...) What amazes me is that people didn't object. (= It amazes me that...)

Using the adverbs that or really

In informal speech, that can be used to emphasize adjectives in questions and negative statements.

It's not that dangerous.

Is it that dangerous?

Really can be used to emphasize verbs, adjectives and adverbs.

/ really think it should be banned.

It's really dangerous.

He drove really dangerously.

S SPEECHWORK: Emphatic stress on verbs

4   Listen to each question or statement and make responses using the sentences below. Stress the correct part of the verb when you reply.

1   It is an awful lot of money, I agree.

2   I was there, I promise you.

3   She has read it, she told me so.  

4   But I do care. You know that.

5   Oh no, she does work in a bank.

6   No, it did make a difference, honestly.


5 Rephrase the sentences starting with What.


1 What seems strange is that so many people like watching it.

1  It seems strange that so many people like watching it.

2  It appeals me how much money has been spent.

3  It amazes me how he can run so far.

4  I can't understand how people can call fox-hunting a sport.

5  I can't see why they don't ban it.

6  It worries me that they don't teach anything about politics at school.


6   Student A is irritated with Student B because he/she has not done some things he/she was asked to do. Try to be as emphatic as possible about the points you want to make. For your rolecards, Student A turn to page 125, Student B turn to page 126.


7  Listen to a woman giving her opinion about boxing on a radio phone-in programme and answer True, False or Don't know.

1   Her son was a professional boxer.

2  He often got injured.

3  He enjoyed boxing.

4  She thinks it's morally wrong to teach boxing at school.

5  She agrees that there is a 'right way' to fight.

6  Her son was always naturally aggressive.

STUDY POINT: Balancing opinions

The phrases in bold below show that you have considered both sides of an argument.

At first sight the rules seem very simple but  in actual fact they're enormously complicated. In theory you can start at any age but in

practice you need to be over a certain weight. It may be true that some people watch boxing because they like violence but on the whole most people enjoy it as a sport. Many people believe/argue that it should be banned but as far as I'm concerned you can always switch the TV off.

You can mix some phrases.

Many people argue that... but on th whole/in my experience... Many people believe that... but in actual



8  Join these ideas with an appropriate pair of phrases.

1  Boxing/very brutal/the sport requires a lot of skill

2  Motor-racing/very dangerous/very few serious accidents

3  Tennis/exciting to watch/extremely tedious

4  Wrestling/requires a lot of skill/primitive and barbaric

5  You might be able to ban it/it would still continue

9  Talk about it.

In groups, discuss whether you think some sports should or shouldn't be banned, e.g. boxing, Sumo-wrestling or the 'martial arts' like Kung Fu.


10 Write a letter to the editor of a daily newspaper giving your opinion on the topic you discussed in the previous exercise. Use the following guide:

Dear Sir,


Introduction: Why are you writing? Have you read anything in the papers that has shocked or surprised you?


State your opinion but balance it with arguments for the other side. Develop each point with an example where possible.


Restate your opinion strongly and point out the consequences of not following your suggestion.

Yours faithfully,

11 You see this announcement in an Internet forum:


International sports survey

Calling sports lovers everywhere!

We want to get a picture of sport around the world.

Send us a message, telling us about: what sports are played in your region which ones are the most popular the differences between older and younger people's interest in sports.

Write your message in 40-50 words.


Make sure you show the examiners how much English you know. For example, look at the first point required: 'what sports are played in your region'. Now, if you just write a list of the names of sports, you're not going to be showing the examiners very much English. It's better to take the opportunity to present your ideas more interestingly: 'A wide variety of sports are played in my region, from football to ice hockey. We play different sports at different times of year, so we go skiing in winter and swimming in the summer.'

Writing an informal letter  75 minutes

12 Read these sentences expressing opinions about sport. Can you complete them by writing one word in each gap?

1   I think sport is good____you.

2   In my opinion, everyone should do____least one sport.

3   If you want to know____I think, sport is boring.

4   I'm just not interested____sport.

5   I don't like sweat, dirt____rain - and sport seems to include all three.

6   After a day in an airless classroom, I just can't wait____play some sport.

13 Match these parts of sentences.

1   If you don't keep fit,

2   Team sports help people to develop a good attitude

3   You need to understand that you can achieve more

4   Sport makes people

5   Keeping your body healthy

6   Doing sport is a very sociable and enjoyable

A   to the people they work or study with.

B   helps your mind to be clearer.

C   as part of a team than as an individual.

D  you'll end up in hospital.

E   way to look after yourself.

F   behave in a less selfish way.

WRITING EXAM                                     60 minutes

14 Write a letter (about 200 words) to your penfriend. Tell him or her about your personal experiences of sports. Include the following information:

•    which sports you have played

•    what your attitude is to sport

•    how you think sport can help people in their lives.


If you're not really interested in the Writing exam questions, don't worry! Look at the three points you are required to write about: all three are possible to answer, even if you hate sport. On the other hand, if you love sport, be a little careful! Don't let your enthusiasm mean that you write too much and forget to check for mistakes!

Speaking                              ► 45 minutes

Situational role-play »>► 25 minutes

15 Read the instructions for exercise 17 on page 92 carefully. Look at these sentences that someone is asking their partner. Can you put the words into the correct order?

1   Are / more / or / you / playing / interested / in / sports / watching /?

2   Why / interesting / do / find / more / you / that/?

3   Do / currently / of / you / kind / or / sport / play / watch / some /?

4   What / it / is / about / you / that / like / sport / that /?

5    How / have / you / time / for / much / do / a / available / sport / new /?

16 Match these parts of suggestions. For each beginning 1-5, two endings, A-D, are possible.

1    If I were you, I'd_________

2   Have you considered

3   Why don't you________?

4   I think you should_________

5    Have you thought about ___________?

6   You might enjoy_________

A  take up badminton B   playing tennis or squash C try some kind of athletics D watching sumo wrestling

SPEAKING EXAM            10 minutes

17 You have agreed to advise your partner about the best sport for him or her to play or watch.

•    Find out whether your partner is more interested in playing or watching sports.

•    Find out what sports your partner already plays or watches.

•    Discuss how much time your partner has available.

•    Recommend a sport to your partner, giving reasons.

Picture-based discussion

20 minutes

18 Read these sentences that students said about the two photos. Decide if they are correct or incorrect. Where there is a mistake, can you correct it?

1    She's dressing a black belt, so she must be really well.

2   All four of them have about the same age.

3   I wonder if she likes the exercise or the fighting more.

4   You can see that they're really pleased of themselves.

5   Perhaps a journalist from a newspaper is taking the photo of them.

19 Read these sentences that some students said about the two photos. Choose from the words below to fill the gaps.

soon      long     very     together     better     just

1    I think they've____won a race, probably a relay.

2   Maybe she's going to be in a competition_____

3   I imagine they've become very good friends by doing sport

4   I think she must be____determined to succeed.

5    I expect that their team spirit has helped them to perform

6   I'd like to know how____she's been interested in her sport.

SPEAKING EXAM                                                              ► 10 minutes

20 Look at the two photos. One shows somebody practising for a sport. The other shows a group celebrating a result. Compare and contrast the two pictures. Consider the following:

•    playing or winning          •   indoors or outdoors

•    practising or watching      •   solo or team effort.

•    men and women


Talking about photos effectively usually involves using a range of verb tenses. To describe a photo in a clear and simple way, the Present Simple and Continuous tenses are usually suitable. Then you may want to imagine the past or future in relation to the photos. What happened before the photo was taken? What's going to happen later?

Реез Наталія Олександрівна, вчитель англійської мови Смілянського природничо-математичного ліцею Черкаської області 


А также другие работы, которые могут Вас заинтересовать

79151. Учение пятидесятников о крещении Духом Святым 11.87 KB
  Внешним признаком КДС для большинства пятидесятников является говорение на иных языках. обладают даром говорения на языках. Учение пятидесятников о КДС которое обязательно должно сопровождаться внешним проявлением в виде говорения на иных языках не находит подтверждение в Св. Так в день пятидесятницы крестилось около 3000 человек но они не говорили на языках Деян.
79152. Пятидесятнические теории говорения иными языками 14.2 KB
  Из Деяний следует что апостолы говорил на национальных языках но в послании к 1Кор. Правда сейчас теория говорения на смешанных языках не получила своего распространения. Писания о предназначении дара говорения на иных языках. Широкое распространение дара говорение на иных языках в ранний период церковной истории было вызвано необходимостью проповедью христианства в языческом и многоязычном мире который требовал знамений служивших для религиозного сознания верующего человека подтверждением истинности какой либо доктрины.
79154. Сущность и происхождение учения теософов 35.48 KB
  Своим возникновением совеременное движение теософов обязано Елене Петровне Блаватской прим №1. Естественно что с этих пор индуизм и буддизм стали приобретать всё большее значение в системе теософов и антихристианские настроения Елены Блаватской сменились открытой враждебностью к евангельской вере. Секта теософов разделяется на несколько организаций некоторые из которых стали независимыми от Мадрасского центра.
79155. Происхождение Вселенной 18.16 KB
  Так краеугольным камнем ее теософии является фраза: Все ведущее к единству есть добро; все ведущее к разъединению есть зло. Всегда ли разъединение есть зло А как быть тогда с разотождествлением добра и злаЧеткое разделение этих категорий и выбор между ними главный принцип зороастрийской религии. С точки зрения зороастризма смешение добра и зла есть искажение божественной истины и любое учение пропагандирующее смешение этих понятий объявляется еретическим подобно тому как манихейское учение искажающее сущность зороастризма и...
79157. Сектоведение как дисциплина 25.13 KB
  Сектоведение как самостоятельная академическая дисциплина по Уставу духовных академий появилась в 1912 г. Сектоведение изучает краткую историю вероучение культ и практику религиозных движений отпадших от православной Церкви или исповедующих идеи осужденные и несогласные с ее догматическим сознанием. Задача Сектоведение имеет Задачу раскрытие православного учения сообразуясь с заблуждениями еретиков. Сектоведение изучает краткую историю вероучение культ и практику религиозных движений отпадших от православной Церкви или исповедующих идеи...
79158. Историко-филологическое определение термина секта 24.74 KB
  Историко-филологическое определение термина секта Существует два мнения о происхождении термина секта: sequor secutus sum sequī следовать за кем-либо в чем-либо; seco secui sectum secre срезать стричь отсекать разделять расщеплять. Слово секта в словарях буквально значит или учение доктрина. Первоначально термин секта никакого оценочного значения в себе не содержал и оскорбляющего значения не нес. Слово секта в классической латыни 1й век использовалось для обозначения образа мыслей образа знаний типа поведения; в...
79159. Католический подход к сектантству 11.34 KB
  Католический подход к сектантству определение секты современный понятийно терминологический аппарат представление о природе сектантства Блж. Иероним секта = ересь но в Новом Завете это направление определенной религиозной мысли или академический термин как у ап. Но в целом термин этот был не определен на Западе и он не нашел себе широко развития но когда западное христианство разделилось то слово секта в разных экклезиологиях термин получил разные понимания. Именно в этот период нами был заимствован этот термин и именно в этом...