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Використання власного досвіду для формування дитячого світогляду на уроках англійської мови. Як здійснюються дитячі мрії…

Научная статья

Педагогика и дидактика

Тому своїм учням я намагаюся якомога більше розповідати про ті країни, в яких мені пощастило побувати, ділюся з ними своїми враженнями, намагаюся захопити і зацікавити їх світом подорожей. Мені дуже хочеться, щоб кожен з них розпочинав свій шлях...

Украинкский

2014-04-03

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 Використання власного досвіду для формування дитячого світогляду

на уроках англійської мови.

Як здійснюються дитячі мрії

З дитинства я мріяла про подорожі. Дивилася улюблену телепередачу  «Уїк-енд» і уявляла себе на місці ведучої Ірини Зінченко, яка кожного тижня здійснювала захоплюючу мандрівку далекою і прекрасною іноземною країною.

Я розуміла, що для здійснення мрії не достатньо одного лише бажання, хоча і палкого. Потрібно було багато і наполегливо працювати. Перше завдання, яке я поставила перед собою, – це оволодіти декількома іноземними мовами. Наполегливе вивчення у школі англійської та німецької мов дозволило без особливих труднощів вступити до педагогічного інституту на факультет іноземної філології. І ось я уже дипломований спеціаліст – викладач англійсьої мови у природничо-математичному ліцеї. У роботі з учнями постійно удосконалювала мовленнєві навички, а у думках продовжувала прокладати маршрути своїх майбутніх захоплюючих мандрівок. Проте здійснення дитячої мрії, схоже, відкладалося на невизначений час, що мене дуже засмучувало.

Все змінилося, коли моїм союзником у досягненні мрії стала власна доля. Це вона так розклала карти мого життя, що поряд опинилися бубновий валет і  червова дама. Так, я зустріла свого судженого, якого покохала відразу і на все життя. У коханні один одному ми зізнавалися німецькою мовою, а незабаром своє українське прізвище Замирайло я змінила на німецьке Реез. Дитяча мрія починала здійснюватися, оскільки одруження з німцем відразу відкривало для мене кордони.

І ось уже декілька років я маю можливість мандрувати різними країнами. Я відвідала Польщу, Францію, Німеччину, Австрію, Бельгію, Єгипет, Словакію, Чехію, Англію. Кожна мандрівка – це нові незабутні враження, емоційне піднесення, збагачення знань і уявлень про різні країни світу, нові друзі і радість спілкування з ними. А крім цього це чудова мовна практика.  

Переконуюсь на власному досвіді, що сучасна молода людина має володіти іноземними мовами, щоб здобути більше можливостей для позитивних змін у власному житті, для розширення кордонів свого світу, для відчуття повноцінного радісного життя і, звичайно, для того, щоб збувалися  найзаповітніші дитячі мрії.

Тому своїм учням я намагаюся якомога більше розповідати про ті країни, в яких мені пощастило побувати, ділюся з ними своїми враженнями, намагаюся захопити і зацікавити їх світом подорожей. Мені дуже хочеться, щоб кожен з них розпочинав свій шлях у доросле життя з надією, бажанням і можливостями відкривати для себе якомога більше невідомих далеких і таких прекрасних світів.

My trip to London

If you travel to London…

London attracts more American visitors than any other European city. Dig deep enough and you'll find Roman, Saxon and Medieval remnants but, you'll also find skyscrapers and imposing Victorian architecture. The past is alive and well in London, you just have to know how to look for it. Over the centuries, all the outlying villages have become consolidated into one huge and wonderful city. The size alone can intimidate the first time visitor. Here's a few suggestions to make your first journey to London stress free.

Take an orientation tour. Get your bearings by taking an orientation tour, such as those offered on the red double-decker buses. Take the tour on the very first afternoon, or the next morning at the latest.

Be sure your accommodations are near a subway (tube) stop. Don't even think about renting a car within the city. Streets are typically congested, drivers are aggressive and parking is nearly nonexistent. Not to mention you'd be driving in the left lane. Try to stay within a ten minute, (or less) walk from a subway stop. For convenience, purchase a subway pass, which allows speedy entrance and exit of the subway. Buying individual tickets will slow you down and cost more over the long run.

Study a city map and subway map before leaving home. You need not be an expert, just get a feel for the place to lessen confusion. For example, Tower Bridge is on the East side of the city, and Kensington Gardens is on the West side of the city, and so on.

Don't expect to cover all the sites of the city in one trip. You could return to London five times and still not see everything the city has to offer. On your first trip, narrow down your list to a manageable number. Traveling within the city, even with their efficient subway system will still take a chunk of time from your day. Going from one section of the city to another could take forty minutes to an hour. In other words, don't plan to see such major sites as the British Museum, Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum and the Tower of London all in a single day. Unrealistic sightseeing schedules will leave you frustrated and exhausted.

Plan for crowds. London gets millions of visitors year-round, not just in the summer months. Don't kid yourself, even if you go in November or January, the tourists will be there in full force.

There are a few "must-sees" for any first time visitor to London. Here's a list.

Changing of the Guard: This is perhaps London's greatest spectacle and one dating back hundreds of years. It takes place year round outside Buckingham Palace. The Palace itself, the Queen's official residence, is open each year for two months in late summer. Visitors can see the magnificent State Rooms containing some of the Queen's fine collection of paintings and furniture.

The Tower of London: Home of the famous Yeomen Warders or Beefeaters, the tower has been a fortress, palace, prison and zoo. The most historic part, the White Tower, was built in the time of William the Conqueror and is more than 900 years old. The priceless crown jewels are on display, as well as new displays of armor. To avoid the long lines at the jewels, arrive at 9:00 a.m. and go straight to the jewels. You'll also want to take the free Beefeater tour which lasts about an hour. Other famous sights at the Tower include the immense black ravens and Traitors' Gate.

The British Museum: As the oldest public museum in the world, this mammoth place also claims to be the most visited of all museums in Britain. Highlights include the Elgin Marbles, the Rosetta Stone, the Magna Carta and Egyptian mummies. The museum was founded in 1753 by an Act of Parliament from the collections of Sir Hans Sloane. If it all seems overwhelming, take a "highlights" tour, then come back later to see your favorites in-depth.

Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's Cathedral: Westminster Abbey is one of Britain's finest Gothic buildings and the scene of coronations, marriages, and burials of British monarches. Built between the 13th and 16th centuries, this church, with its great rose windows, outstanding height and flying buttresses, seems to have been inspired by the great cathedrals of Rheims and Amiens of France. Well-produced Walkman tours are available or you can join a 90-minute tour with a human guide.

St. Paul's: London's classical cathedral designed by Sir Christopher Wren, is famous for being the site of Prince Charles and Diana's wedding. It was built between 1675 and 1710 and features the whispering gallery and the crypt, in which many famous individuals are buried. A word of warning, the whispering gallery requires walking up 259 steps.

Tower Bridge and Big Ben: Perhaps the two most photographed sites in London, most first time visitors make time to see both. Although not old by London standards, (opened in 1894) Tower Bridge is the city's most beloved bridge, while Big Ben is often considered the city's landmark.

When you are in London, you're in one of the world's most exciting cities. Just walking and looking can be an unforgettable experience. Like Samuel Johnson said, "When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life, for there is in London all that life can afford."   

I liked Paris very much!

Everyone loves Paris, as much for its shady boulevards, street side cafes and general atmosphere as for the more famous sights such as the Eiffel Tower or Notre Dame Cathedral.See a general guide below or Paris Highlights for a list of all our Paris articles.

Paris tourism - an introduction

So what are the most interesting places to visit in Paris? The 'famous' places listed below only start to scratch the surface of the real Paris. Shopping and restaurants, museums and public gardens, tree-lined boulevards and monuments, architecture and music, everywhere you go in Paris there is something new to discover. If you look at our Paris Map you can see that the majority of the important sites are quite close together, following the Seine river from the Eiffel Tower in the west of the city centre to Notre-Dame cathedral to the east.

You will discover many of the 'smaller' pleasures as you travel around Paris visiting the 'famous' sights. Some of the most popular landmarks, which will surely form part of your visit, include (classified by region of Paris):

Notre-Dame Cathedral and the Islands of the Seine River

Perhaps the most famous cathedral in the world, the Notre-Dame is on the Ile de la Cité in the Seine River, and is one of the iconic examples of architecture in France. One of the first Gothic cathedrals ever built, construction of the cathedral took almost 200 years - almost as long as the entire gothic period. See Notre Dame cathedral.

See also the church of Saint-Chapelle, the 13th century gothic chapel on the same island, and the medieval Conciergerie.

The Latin Quarter and the Pantheon.

Originally commissioned as a church in 1744, under Louis XV, the Pantheon in Paris wasn’t actually finished until 1789 - by which time, churches were not popular anymore and instead this building became a temple honouring various historical French figures. See Pantheon.

Other highlights of the Latin Quarter of Paris include the Church of Saint-Severin, the Cluny Museum and the University of Paris - the Sorbonne.

The Louvre and the Royal Palace

The main highlight in this part of Paris is of course the Louvre, one of the most extensive art museums in the world and one of the great highlights of a visit to Paris. With hundreds of thousands of items, spanning the entire range of human history, it is also the most visited museum in the world. See the Louvre

Also nearby visit the Royal Palace (Palais-Royal).

Champs-Elysées and Arc de Triomphe

The Arc de Triomphe is the world’s second largest triumphal arch, and was commissioned by Napoleon to commemorate his important victory at Austerlitz...see Arc de Triomphe.

This quarter of Paris has another great highlight well known to visitors, heading down from the Place de la Concorde - the tree-lined Champs-Elysées. Les Invalides and the Eiffel Tower.

You can hardly avoid the Eiffel Tower if you visit Paris! Built in 1889 and the most recognised landmark in the city, with magnificent views across Paris from the top of the tower. The story of the construction of the tower as a temporary monument is almost as well known...see Eiffel Tower

Nearby is Les Invalides, museum and the last resting place of Napoleon

Other Paris highlights

A few of the other highlights of your visit to Paris will include:

the Eglise de la Madeleine and the Paris Opera

the Saint-Denis Basilica, to the north of Paris

the hilltop Montmartre district, and the Basilica of the Sacré-Coeur

Pere Lachaise cemetery, with the graves of many, many important people - from Honoré de Balzac to Oscar Wilde, and Edith Piaf to Jim Morrison.

the Paris catacombs

moving forward to 20th century Paris, there are some stunning modern buildings. Apart from the Louvre pyramid, a couple of the most notable highlights include La Défense and the Le Monde HQ, both designed by architect de Portzampark. The River Seine itself is also a day’s adventure - the views of the monuments of Paris from the glass enclosed tourists’ boats (the popular bateaux mouche) are fantastic. And if you’re visiting Paris on a Sunday and the weather’s fine, join the natives and stroll down the Champs Elysees, starting from the Arc de Triomphe.

Places to visit near Paris

A visit to the Versailles Palace makes for a popular excursion from Paris. Severeal listed National Monuments are also found in Paris and the surrounding region, including: Champs-sur-Marne Chateau, Chapelle Expiatoire, Maison des Jardies (aka Gambetta House), the Chateau de Maisons, Rambouillet Chateau, Saint Cloud Parc, Villa Savoye and Vincennes Chateau.

The village of Provins and the classified most beautiful village of La Roche Guyon merit an excursion from Paris if time permits.

                                                              My  Trip to Berlin

I went to Berlin, Germany, for the first time this summer and it was such a great experience. Berlin is a culturally rich city with lots of things to do and it’s easy to do it on your own (or with friends/family). I went with my mom and brother and met up with my brother’s friend, Dovi, who has been living in Berlin for a couple of years. He showed us around the city all week and from our “insider’s tour,” I made a top five list of places you MUST see when you visit. In another post, I’ll have other notable places.

Berlin is an easy city to get around on foot or by subway. On the first day we were in the city, my brother and I took the subway to get around:

The subways are partially elevated and partially underground and the train cars are very short compared to the ones in New York. One interesting thing about the Berlin subway system is that it’s all based on trust - they don’t have gates that you have to pass through or anything! You have to buy a ticket and get it validated before heading onto the train, but no one checks! Well, there are people that OCCASIONALLY check, but I’m guessing it’s not very often. But, I wouldn’t recommend not validating your ticket because if you get caught, it’s a 40 euro fine (which is a little more than $40USD). A great thing about the Berlin subways is that even though it’s underground in parts, you can get cell phone/blackberry service everywhere.

Berlin is Special

There are very few cities in the world with the infrastructure, technology and talent that Berlin provides. Not to mention the fact that this city is very cheap!

It has an abundance of empty apartments and office space. The cost of food, alcohol, clothing and other living expenses is significantly cheaper than the US and Western Europe.

Geographically, it’s hard to find a more suited place for a start-up. It has extremely talented and cheap engineers in Eastern Europe with access to capital and established markets in Western Europe, not to mention the standards of living. If you’re young, ambitious, though still like to have fun, well there isn’t a city in the world that can party like Berlin, trust me!

It’s international

Berlin is filled with expats, and they’re coming in droves! They’re coming from East and West. Nearly everyone I speak to in London “dreams” of living in Berlin.

It is advised to learn at-least some basic German, however, everyone speaks perfect English. Websites such as Toy Town and The Exberliner make life much easier for English speaking people in Berlin. They help organise events, and offer a lot of valuable advice on almost any topic.

Germany has lacked an international airport for decades, however next year that is about to change. Berlin is finally getting a world class, Bauhaus designed international airport, putting Berlin back on the map for international travelers.

Who’s here?

There’s an exciting list of start-ups in this city and they’re growing more rapidly than elsewhere in Europe. Is this a sign of things to come? It probably should be. Some of the most exciting start-ups include SoundCloud, Aka-Aki, Babbel, Twinity, SongBeat, My City Deal and the recently purchased Dopplr.

Why not?

It’s difficult to hire and fire, Germany has one of the highest regulated labour markets in the world.

Whether or not an employee contract exists, all employees have basic rights to:

holidays

sick pay

chose to work part time

receive training

receive maternitiy / paternity leave and related employment protection

Germany is a lagger in the digital world, sadly known as copy-cats not innovators and Germany is usually 2-3 years behind the US in digital trends. Some examples of their copycats include StudiVZ, infamous for copying Facebook shamelessly and the recent rush towards group purchasing, otherwise known as flash marketing has led to Group On copycats such as My City Deal.

It’s harder to raise capital here. Sillicon Valley, London and New York have the benefit of established VC’s and Angel investors. This is starting to change with the advent of early stage VC firms such as Team Europe. However, it is no where near the point it needs to be in order to challenge and compete with the Valley in regards to raising money.

Berliners are lazy. I know it’s a very controversial thing to say, but compared to the Valley, New York and London, it’s generally true. There needs to be a new standard of work ethic and drive, otherwise this city will never get kick started. I think this industry could just be the thing to do it.

Prague

It's standard to say that Prague is the most beautiful city in Europe...given my modest travels on the continent, I can't swear to that definitively, but I can't argue against it either. The old downtown area straddles the Vltava river (which we call the Moldau), and is, indeed, beautiful. There's a compact old town area, with narrow winding streets, and a castle overlooking the river. Of course it's all crowded with tourists, though (at least when I was there) it wasn't utterly packed.

 Outside the tourist-dominated city center, there are sprawling suburbs. I played a couple of Ultimate games in Prague, and one of the players there (Martin) took me home for dinner at their very pleasant suburban home. My impression is that Prague and its environs are doing fairly well economically---this middle-class Czech family had a nice house, a car, and enough income to take a vacation to Italy.

Budapest

Budapest shares some surface characteristics with Prague---it straddles a river (the Danube, much bigger than the Vltava), and it has both historic old buildings and modern areas with sprawling suburbs. It's much more a modern city, though---the downtown core has big, modern office buildings. Less charming than Prague, it still had plenty to offer.

I spent a part of a day with a few English guys I met on the train from Prague.

I spent a day riding my bike around (and played a bad, but winning, game of chess against a guy I met at a cafe..."check" sounds like "chock" in Magyar), then played Ultimate on a big island in the middle of the river.

I spent another good day with an Argentine guy, Cali, who is on an epic round-the-world trip---we visited a nice but over-touristy town north of Budapest, and went to the opera (Cosi Fan Tutti, sung in Magyar) in a gorgeous old opera house. As of February, Cali and I are still exchanging occasional emails and he's in North Africa.

Finally, not long before catching the train to Vienna, I took a hot bath in a bath-house built by the Turks in the early 1500's, fed from natural hot springs. The heart of the structure, a domed room with sections at different temperatures, looks exactly like you would expect a bath-house built by the Turks in the early 1500's to look.

Реез Наталія, вчитель іноземної мови Смілянського природничо-математичного ліцею, Черкаська обл.


 

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