Does television play a positive or negative role in modern society?
Педагогика и дидактика
During the lesson you’ll be able to deepen and widen your knowledge about the most famous invention of the 20th century. You will work in small groups and than share your researched information with each other. The second part of the lesson will be dedicated to a Talk Show...
Донецький ліцей № 30 Донецької міської ради
Does television play a positive or negative role in modern society?
Level Intermediate - B1
a teacher of English
Тема: Does Television Play a Positive or negative role in modern society?
Meтa: формування мовленнєвої компетенції з проблеми “ Tелебачення і діти у сучасному світі”.
Розвиток уміння соціального спілкування через рольову гру.
Формування творчого та критичного мислення учнів через дискусію.
особистого ставлення до проблеми.
- Активизация лексіко-граматичного матеріалу з теми;
- Вираження своєї точки зору, згоди чи незгоди; відпрацьовування модальних диєслів Should, must, can.
- Oбладнання: додатковий текст до уроку:” Ultraman cartoon upsets parents”, рольови картки для проведення Talk Show.
- Демонстрація та презентація уроку вчителем.
Look at the poster, please. It says ”Modern civilisation in which we live today is a consequence of science and technology”.
During the lesson youll be able to deepen and widen your knowledge about the most famous invention of the 20th century. You will work in small groups and than share your researched information with each other. The second part of the lesson will be dedicated to a Talk Show-” Does Television Play a positive or negative Role in Modern Society”?
In this day and age it is hard to find someone who doesnt know what television is. Indeed, TV plays a very important part in our life and there are many reasons for this. In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. For a family of four, for example, it is more convenient and cheaper to sit comfortably at home, with almost unlimited entertainment available, than to go out in search of amusement elsewhere. They do not have to pay for expensive seats at the theatre, the cinema, or the opera, only to discover, perhaps, that the show is disappointing. All they have to do is press a button, and they can see plays, films, operas, and shows of every kind, not to mention political discussions and the latest exciting football match. Some people, however, maintain that this is precisely where the danger lies. The television view takes no initiative. He makes no choice and exercises no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything presented to him without any effort on his part. The television screen has an almost physical fascination for us. We get so used to looking at the screen, so dependent on its flickering pictures, that it begins to dominate our lives. Television, like other things, has both advantages and disadvantages. Do the former outweigh the latter?
|Warm up. Finding out TV Viewing Habits
Teacher(T): Using the card ”Find someone who…” make a survey and give a portrait of the average television viewer. Walk around the class, interview your classmates and then make a report summarizing all your findings.
Find someone who…
….has more than two televisions.
….turns on TV first thing when
they come home.
….is worried about the amount of
television her/his children/ pupils are watching.
….loves Talk Shows.
…thinks that the Culture Channel Is boring.
….watches television in English.
…thinks there are too many American programmes.
….has arguments with family members over what to watch.
T:Well,what did you find interesting or surprising about your classmates viewing habits?(pupils summarise their findings)
T: So, your attitudes towards TV programmes vary…
Are there any telly addicts among your pupils? Do you think television is harmful to children?
Now we are approaching an extremely vital theme Children and Television”.
Nowadays it is standard practice for mother to keep the children quiet by putting them in the living-room and turning on the set.It doesnt matter that the children will watch rubbishy commercials or spectacles of sadism and violence so long as they are quiet.
T: Now Id like to read a text which is called ”Ultraman cartoon upsets parents.”
|| pre -reading activity
Before reading try to guess what problem is being discussed in the article.
Yes, television and children. Is Ultraman a positive or negative character? Negative. Why do you think so? Yes, because of the word|” upset. ”Could you give synonymous verbs? Yes, you are right.They are to make smb. unhappy, to disturb, to annoy, to trouble. The cartoon makes parents unhappy. Now, read the text to yourself, please.
|||. After reading the text.
Well, lets turn to the text again and go through it carefully, making sure that everyone has understood the text. Lets read it again, in small portions. In the first passage…Ultraman… has obsessed many children… What about the word obsessed? Yes it means that Ultraman is obsession- a creature that kids think about all the time. All the children like Ultraman cartoon very much. Well, go to the second passage. Children from kindergartens and schools turn on TV sets to watch the Japanese series…
Could you tell me what kind of film it is- series or serial. Yes, it is a continuing set of animated film usually shown every day for many weeks, months or even
years at fixed time, it is produced by one company under the same name. To be brief, a serial is a film in parts. Well, now go on to the third passage. The young people are so fascinated by Ultraman…
Ultraman cartoon upsets parents
1 Ultraman, a powerful extraterrestrial being in weird silver and red outfit, has obsessed many children in Shanghai.
2 Every Wednesday, Friday and Sunday night children from kindergarten and schools turn on TV sets to watch the Japanese series that shows how Ultraman from outer space fights the enemies of mankind.
3 The young people are so fascinated by Ultraman that he has become part of their daily language.
4Ultraman books, toys, clothes and even food can be found in many shops.
5”I worry about my son a lot these days. He has seen so much violence in the series and has grown quite aggressive. He now fights with other kids and tends to use force to solve disputes, said the mother of one five- year old.
6 Educators say television has a great influence on children, especially those under six years old. Small children can not tell what is real and what is fiction. They tend to think everything happening on television is real.
7Two months ago, a five-year old boy jumped from his home on the sixth floor of a building trying to imitate Ultramans flight and died, the local Evening News reported.
8 The tragedy sounded alarm bells among parents and teachers. Next came the question: What would children watch if not Ultraman?
9The citys cultural market is dominated by overseas cartoons. Many parents complain about the poor quality of some foreign cartoons and urge the concerned departments to exercise stricter control on their imports.
10 On the other hand, domestic cartoon makers are starved of funds and have to do contract work for foreign companies. Most of them have not produced their own cartoon pictures for years. The only exception seemed to be the Shainghai Cartoon.Film Studio, which recently merged with the Shainghai Television Station and produced a 100 part cartoon series,”Heroes in Their early Teens.”The series describes episodes from the childhood of historical figures, such as Chinese poet li Bai and the first US President George Washington
The series soon won over many children.
Could you describe their attitude to Ultraman in other words? What does the verb to fascinate mean? Yes, to interest very much, so that one continue to look, to visit, in our situation- to watch. Well…now passage 5”I worry about my son…”How does this mother feel? Yes she feels uncomfortable, she makes anxious about her son. Now take the word violence, what is violence? Yes, it is force against other, rough treatment. If children see a lot of violence they become aggressive. How do you understand the word aggressive? When a child is aggressive he is always ready to quarrel or attack, he is always threatening.Thats why parents are worried. Then the 7th passage…trying to imitate Ultramans flight…Try to use another verb instead of imitate. Yes,to imitate- to copy smbs behavior or way of doing things.(In the text the boy copied the flight of Ultraman In the8th passage- the tragedy sounded alarm bells… to sound alarm bells-to raise the alarm. So, the tragedy alrerted parents and teachers. Now go on to the next passage. Parents urge the concerned department to exercise stricter control on their imports. What do parents want to do? Yes, parents try hard to make the concerned departments do what they want. In the10th passage perhaps the only phrase may be difficult- are starved of funds.
How do you understand it? Yes thats right. Chinese cartoon makers havent got enough money, they lack money to produce their own animated films for children.
Role - play
T: Now imagine that we are in our TV studio. Weve come here to discuss an extremely important problem” Does Television Play a Positive or negative Role in Modern Society” and especially well pay attention to the theme”Children and Television.”
Well try to investigate a social problem.
You are representatives of community. We all live in one community and everyone should express his point of view, his opinion on social problem.
Among you there is a teacher, an educator, a TV executive, a local politician, a parent, a representative of the town authorities, a housewife, two doctors, a child psychologist and a lonely elderly person. Role cards will be of great help to you. To arrange ideas and to give yourself thinking time please try to use useful opening expressions from our Oral Functions Bank.
Oral Functions Bank
How to strongly agree with an opinion
I couldnt agree more!
Thats absolutely true!
I take your point.
Im with you on that.Thats just what I was thinking.
How to half agree with an opinion
Yes, perhaps. Yes in a way. Yes, I agree up to your point.
Thats worth thinking about.
How to politely disagree with an opinion.
Do you think so?
Well it depends.
I am not so certain.
Well, I dont know.
Well, Im not sure about that.
Mmm, I m not really sure youre right.
Im inclined to disagree with that.
No, I dont think so really.
How strongly disagree with an opinion
Im afraid I dont agree
I disagree with you entirely.
Im afraid you are wrong there.
I really cant agree.
How to present both sides of an argument
On the one hand…on the other hand…
Although its true to say that…its also true to say that…
Teacher(the first to speak)
You are very glad that the vital social problem”Children and Television” is being discussed.Youd like to say that you are very concerned about your pupils..You have been seeing an increase of violent and antisocial behavior and you believe that television is the cause.
Children spend too much time watching and they are becoming used to violence they see on the screen.You think T V Executives are to blame because they are interested only in making money on cartoons.
You disagree with the teacher entirely. You feel you have a right to run a business and make a profit. You are willing to produce any programme that sells. The cartoons are selling very well right now. You are only responding to what the people say they want to see. You dont think the Ultraman cartoons or any other programmes are harming children. They are only make- believe, after all it is the parents responsibility to monitor their childrens watching habits and discipline them.
You are very sorry for interrupting the TV Executive but you think that Politicians are guilty too. You think the government should do something to limit the number of inappropriate programmes. You have noticed that the children try to solve disputes with violence and force. They are talking longer to learn to read. Your youngest children are coming to kindergarten quoting the language of television characters. They seem fascinated by their favourite characters and its difficult to get their attention sometimes. Television is becoming like a parent and busy parents are just placing their children in front of the TV and use it as a pacifier.
Parent: Well, it depends…(you disagree with an opinion)You try your best to bring up your child as a good person but you have to work hard and dont have the opportunity to spend much time with your child. Your life is hard and the town authorities dont do anything for you…
“Well, it depends”(you are strongly disagree with parents opinion) You want everybody to know that the TV industry pays high taxes and brings a lot of money into the community. This money helps build roads, parks and other improvements to the area. You are aware of a growing problem with aggressive behavior in the schools. You do not think that television is to blame. You think that young teachers and parents are not strict enough. You think that parents are guilty because they bring up their children badly and dont take care of them.
You love television. You feel it helps to keep the children at home and off the street. Your children come right home from school and dont wander around the town at night. It helps keep them quiet and gives you time to do things around the house. You dont think television is hurting your children. They seem to be interested in the programmes and ask lots of questions based on what theyve seen Watching television is one of your familys activities.
You think that television is a very interesting activity, which has the possibility of making life brighter. To your mind there are lots of intellectual TV programmes nowadays. But unfortunately most of the programmes are packed with negative information. By watching the news you learn primarily about wars, crimes, disasters and accidents. All this negative information can cause stress and a bad mood.
Youd like to add a little to what has been said by your colleague.You also think television in itself is very good. It conveys a lot of information and shows a lot of interesting and instructive programmes. But your main concern is the physical health of people that watch a lot of TV. Watching TV is a very passive activity. The important thing for your health is to be active, go outside, do things, think about things and be as creative as possible.
TV does affect children in both positive and negative ways. Younger children can not tell the difference between reality and fiction. This can cause them to imitate beloved TV characters. They simply dont realize that they are misbehaving. Another serious problem is addiction to television. It is similar to drug or alcohol addiction. Many people begin to feel closer to actors on the screen than to real people in their lives, their own lives seem boring. However, good childrens programmes help educate and socialize children.
Lonely elderly person
You love television. You dont see many people these days since your children moved far away. Television is like a friend for you. You have grown used to having the television on. You think its comforting, interesting and entertaining. It offers an insight into the world and gives you a chance to see things that are not possible to see otherwise. You cant imagine that TV is bad for anyone. You wish people would stop talking about the problems of television and go and visit an old person from time to time
Discuss and write a few pros and cons of the effect of television on children. Place them in order from the most convincing downwards.
T: Well, there are many arguments for and against television… Could you give some advice or useful recommendations on the discussed problem.
Pupils: - We must realize that television in itself is neither good nor bad. Television is undoubtedly a great invention but people should be selective enough when choosing what to watch.
Television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one.
People who dont watch television are happier than those who watch it because television goes with the kind of life which leaves the viewer nothing to spare, nothing left.
Television keeps one informed about current events, allows one to follow the latest developments in science and politics and offers an endless series of programmes which are both instructive and entertaining
Television makes the viewer completely passive because everything is presented to him without any effort on his part.
Television series have done a great job in popularizing many literary masterpieces.
Television is to blame for the fact that children take longer to learn to read these days and barely see the point of acquiring the skill.
Television has been good company to those who do not work, like housewives, lonely old people, etc.
Television takes up too much of our time.We no longer have enough time for hobbies, entertaining activities, and other outside amusement like theatres, cinemas etc
There is a considerable variety of programmers on television. The viewer is always free to choose whatever he wants to see.
The monster, i.e. television, demands absolute silence and attention. No one dares to open his mouth during a programme.
Television provides enormous possibilities for education, like school programmes via closed- circuit television.
People have grown addicted to television, often neglecting the necessary and more important things like meals, sleep and even work.
Television provides an outlet for creative talents
A lot of parents use television as a pacifier for their children.
People all around the world are no longer distant and isolated from each other. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into ones sitting-room.
What the viewer receives from television is nothing but secondhand experience. He is completely cut off from the real world.
Compared with the radio, everything on television is more lifelike, vivid, and real.
The more the viewer watches television, the lazier he becomes. He is glued to the set instead of going out
Television may be a vital factor in holding a family together where there are, for example, economic problems and husband and wife seem at breaking point.
Television prevent people from communication with each other. It has done a lot of harm to the relationships between family members
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