57630

Євро 2012: перспективи та виклики

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

Objectives: to introduce the topic, to work with vocabulary related to the world of sport, countries their location, features, people and culture; to read for detailed comprehension...

Английский

2014-04-14

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Тема: Євро 2012: перспективи та виклики

Розробка уроку (заняття) на заявлену тему з комплектом медіа файлів

Objectives: to introduce the topic, to work with vocabulary related to the world of sport, countries their location, features, people and culture; to read for detailed comprehension, to skim for specific points; to improve the Ss’ confidence as listeners and speakers; to enable Ss to speak (using a plan and given paragraphs from the article in jumbled order) about Ukraine as a tourist  destination to European Community; to enable Ss to take part in a discussion, express agreement/disagreement, report points of view, support  idea exchange;  to develop more positive attitude and understanding peculiarities of different countries and cultures, sport preferences, to elevate Ss’ mind within the limits of theme.

Жало Ольга Анатоліївна,

викладач англійської мови  

Комунального закладу "Білоцерківський гуманітарно-педагогічний коледж"


Theme
: Euro-2012: prospects and challenges

Objectives:

  •  to introduce the topic, to work with vocabulary related to the world of sport, countries their location, features, people and culture;
  •  to read for detailed comprehension, to skim for specific points;
  •  to improve the Ss’ confidence as listeners and speakers;
  •  to enable Ss to speak (using a plan and given paragraphs from the article in jumbled order) about Ukraine as a tourist  destination to European Community;
  •  to enable Ss to take part in a discussion, express agreement/disagreement, report points of view, support  idea exchange;  
  •  to develop more positive attitude and understanding peculiarities of different countries and cultures, sport preferences, to elevate Ss’ mind within the limits of theme;
  •  to develop the individual psychological features of students: attention, observation, memory, phoneme and intonation ear, flexibility, speed of perception, linguistic guess and  communicative reaction;
  •  to educate the culture of communication, respect to each other, ability to express and protect the opinions, culture of intellectual work;
  •  to bring up the awareness of importance of humanism world view, respect to the person, his/her  moral, aesthetically beautiful, financial values.

Language Content:

  •  Vocabulary: words related to sport  activities, proper nouns, adjectives;
  •  Grammar: Present tenses, Modal verbs, Non-finite forms of the verb.

Materials/Aids: map of Europe, quizzes, tables, board/slides, HOs 1-6.

Literature:

  •  Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley. Enterprise, Upstream - Coursebook. - Express Publishing, 2002, 2005.
  •  Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley. Enterprise, Upstream - Teacher's book. - Express Publishing, 2002, 2005.
  •  In-Service Curriculum and Development Course for English Language Teacher's. -The British Council.- Kyiv, 2002.
  •  Reference Guide for the Teacher of English. - Kyiv, 2004.
  •  Sharman E. Across Cultures. - Longman, 2004.


Theme: Euro-2012: prospects and challenges

Outline

1. Objectives and a warming up.

2. Lead-in: a quiz about Europe.

  •  Guided speaking: predicting the answers     

3. Reading for detailed comprehension: Let us get to know Europe.

4. Vocabulary Practice:

  •  Identifying countries and their locations. 
  •  Matching the abbreviations to the names of the countries (pair-work).  

5. Project – work

  •  Brainstorming ideas about images, symbols, events, things, people, feelings etc. associated with different countries (pair-work).
  •  Presentation of Projects.
  •  Sequencing paragraphs with the help of a plan (pair-work).
  •  Advertising Ukraine as a Tourist Destination (summarising).

6. Introducing the topic of UEFA Euro 2012 

  •  Completing the quiz with discussing.
  •  Summary and problem setting.

7. Discussion: Violence in Sports: When is a game not a game?

  •  Reading the interviews with focus on speaking.
  •  Talking Points: expressing agreement/disagreement, reporting points of view to the group.
  •  Vocabulary practice: matching the words to their definitions.
  •  Idea Exchange. Checking the columns of the table.
  •  Reading an article and an interview for detailed comprehension (in groups).
  •  Filling in the table. 
  •  Discussing opinions on violence in football and how it can be prevented.

8. Summarising.


Theme
: Euro-2012: prospects and challenges

Procedure

1. Objectives and a warming up.

We live in Europe. We often hear about integration into the European                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Community. This year the 2012 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2012, will be hosted by Ukraine and Poland. It is the first time that either nation has hosted the tournament. But how much do we know about Europe and the sport event which is much spoken about these days? Let's get to know it. 

2. Lead-in: a quiz about Europe.

Here is a quiz for you. (slide 2) Try to answer the following questions. You get 1 point for each correct answer.

                      Quiz

1.   What is the capital of  Europe?

2.   What is the center of  Europe?

3.   What does the word "Europe" mean?

4.   What is the European currency?

5.   What is the European furthermost northern country?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

6.   What is the European furthermost southern one?

7.   What do the letters EU stand for?

8.   When is European Union Day?

9.   Which European country has the greatest number of islands in the world?

10.  What is the European flag?

  •  Scoring: How many points have you got? Don't get upset, you'll get the answers.
  •  Guided speaking: predicting the answers.    

3. Reading for detailed comprehension: Let us get to know Europe.  (slides 3-9)

The center of Europe is the Ukrainian town Rakhiv. Brussels is considered to be the capital of Europe. In Greek the word "Europe" means: "big eyes". In Greek mythology this was the name of a beautiful girl kidnapped by Zeus. Iceland is the furthermost northern country and Cyprus is the furthermost southern one. The letters EU stand for the European Union, and the 9th of May is European Union Day. The European Union has a flag of its own - a closed circle with 12 yellow stars on a blue fields. These 12 stars have never represented 12 member States of the European Union (there are 27 now and some are going to join) but 12 is a symbol of perfection, unity and harmony. Finland has the greatest number of islands in the world (There are 179,584 of them there).

4. Vocabulary Practice:

  •  Identifying countries and their locations. What are the member states of EU?  Let’s look at the map. (slide 10)

The EU has grown slowly from 6 members in 1952 (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands - were the Founding members of the EU). There were 15 countries in it till 2004. And in 2004 more than ten countries joined the Union. Now the European Union is composed of 27 sovereign Member States (slides 11-13):

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Cyprus

the Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Ireland

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

the Netherlands

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

the United Kingdom

There are countries-applicants which want to join the Union: Croatia, Iceland, Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey, and of course Ukraine. 

  •  Matching the abbreviations to the names of the countries.  

Let's have practical use of everything we've just listened to. Look at the board. Here are the abbreviations and names of the countries. You have to match them  (slides 14-15):

1. D(G)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

2. GR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           3. E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

4. F                                                       

5.  I                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

6. NL                                                    

7. UA                                                    

8. GB                                                    

9. RUS

10.PL                                                 

Germany

Greece

Spain

France

Italy  

The Netherlands/Holland

Ukraine

The United Kingdom

Russia

Poland

1. D(G)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

2. GR                                      

3. E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

4. F                                         

5.  I                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

6. NL                                      

7. UA                                      

8. GB                                      

9. RUS

10.PL                                    

Spain

The Netherlands/Holland

Greece

Ukraine

Germany  

The United Kingdom

Poland

Russia

Italy

France

5. Project – work

  •  Brainstorming ideas about images, symbols, events, things, people, feelings etc. associated with different countries.

Now we are going to start a very creative activity. You have to choose any of European countries and try to present it. What is the first to come to your mind, what do you associate it with? Draw and write and then present your projects. You will work in pairs. And actually you  have got 5 minutes to cope with the task.  

  •  Presentation of Projects.
  •  Sequencing paragraphs with the help of a plan (pair-work)

And now we are going to present Ukraine — our Motherland. We'll make an article about Ukraine as a tourist destination to European Community. We will work in pairs as well. Here are the paragraphs from the article to each pair. They are in jumbled order. You have to decide the right order of them and then announce. The Plan can help us (slide 16):

- Place, Location, Features

- People (Look, Character)

- Dwelling

- Food

- Free-time Activities

- Comments about the Country

An Article about Ukraine as a Tourist Destination

________________________________________________________________________

   Most people in Ukraine live in towns. The towns are very picturesque and full of old buildings, lively cafes, fashionable shops and exiting nightlife. The countryside, though, is also fascinating.

________________________________________________________________________

   Socializing and having a good time are very important for Ukrainians. In their free time they love meeting friends, going to cafes and clubs, spending time outdoors or gardening.

________________________________________________________________________

   Ukraine is a beautiful country with rich culture, just in the central part of Europe. Its wonderful nature, ancient churches and cathedras, numerous museums and exhibitions, huge brand new sport venues and local sport facilities make it a perfect tourist destination. What makes it really special, though, is its people.

________________________________________________________________________

   Ukrainians have rich cuisine. Ukrainian varenyky, borshch and lard with garlic are very popular. They like eating soup, meat, vegetables and lots of fruit.

________________________________________________________________________

   Ukraine is a fantastic country to visit. Its fascinating sights, rich cultural history and friendly people make it unique.

________________________________________________________________________

   Ukrainians are famous for their hospitality. Most of them are tall with dark or fair hair and dark eyes. They are active and sociable. Ukrainian women are especially well-known for their beauty.

________________________________________________________________________

  •  Advertising Ukraine & summarizing.

6. Introducing the topic of UEFA Euro 2012 

  •  Completing the quiz with discussing. (slides 17-30)

UEFA Euro 2012

1. The 2012 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2012, will be …………..European Championship for national football teams sanctioned by UEFA.

       A   the 14th        B   the 10th        C   the 5th         

2. The final tournament will be hosted by Poland and Ukraine between …………..2012.

      A   8 May and 1 July     B   8 June and 1 July       C   1 July and 8 August

3. There are ……………. who will participate in the final tournament.

     A sixteen finalists        B   twenty four finalists             C twelve finalists

4. The symbols for the Euro 2012 European Soccer Championship - twin footballers from Ukraine and Poland have following names:

   A  Klemek and Ladko        B  Slavek and Slavko        C  Siemko and Strimko         

5. The official match ball for UEFA Euro 2012 is ……………

   A the Puma Tango            B  the Adidas Jabulani           C  the Adidas Tango

              

6. The competition slogan …………….was announced along with the logo. The slogan reflects the fact that Poland and Ukraine was united in past as one country and now represent ambitions of two eastern nations to perform the best tournament in the history of European Championship.

   A  Creating History Together       B Switch on Ukraine       C Ukraine is the Champion

7. Four venues in Ukraine are brand new stadiums currently being constructed ready to open in advance of the tournament in ….

   A   Donetsk, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kyiv       B  Kyiv,  Kharkiv,  Donetsk,  Lviv

   C   Dnipropetrovsk,  Kyiv,  Kharkiv,  Donetsk

8. Match the cities, venues and their capacities:

            Kiev             Donetsk                     Kharkiv               Lviv

   

Metalist Stadium          Olympic Stadium            Arena Lviv               Donbass Arena             

Capacity: 38,863          Capacity: 51,504       Capacity: 70,050             Capacity: 34,915

9. How many players are there on the football pitch during the game?

    A   11             B  22              C  16

10. Match groups of fans to the countries they support:

                          Ukraine          England       France      Sweden

            

                

  •  Summary and problem setting

There is no game without …. a football, players, etc. and people who admire the spectacular football game. Why does a show become a tragedy? (slide 31)

7. Discussion: Violence in Sports: When is a game not a game?

  •  Reading the interviews with focus on speaking. What is the connection between violence and sports? What do highlighted words mean? (slide 32)

From the Street

Reporter: Riots after sports events are in the news more and more these days. In your opinion, what is causing this violence?

Joey G.: My friends and I go to football games all the time. When a team wins a big game, the fans want to be crazy and have a good time. That's normal. There just should be more police.

Ellen: I don't go to soccer matches anymore. I worry about alcohol at the games. That's the problem. When people drink, they do stupid things.

Julie: The troublemakers aren't real fans. They just want to be in a big crowd and act crazy. They shouldn't allow those people to go to the games.

Herman: Fans get angry if their team loses - especially if it's a big game. They should keep the two groups of fans apart. That's the cause of the problem.

  •  Talking Points: expressing agreement/disagreement, reporting points of view to the group. Do you agree with any of the comments? Why or why not? Have you ever been to a football match? What are your impressions? Have you ever read/watched about violence in sport events? What are your thoughts about it?
  •   Vocabulary practice. Match the words to their definitions.

mob violence

reasons

personal responsibility

personal decisions

follow the crowd

prevent violence

overcrowded

a referee's decision unfair

encourage

  •  crowd aggression
  •  cause, motivation
  •  personal duty
  •  personal choice, judgment
  •  go after, chase
  •  stop, avoid cruelty
  •  overfull, packed with people
  •  unjust
  •  persuade, give confidence, support
  •  

  •  Idea Exchange. Check the correct columns. Think about Your Ideas.

People at the sports events …

usually

often

sometimes

rarely

never

drink alcohol.

get drunk.

start fights.

use bad language.

throw things.

destroy property.

other

  •  Reading an article and an interview for detailed comprehension (in groups): Read to find the answers to these questions then fill in the table and talk about violence in football and how it can be prevented.

1. What are the main causes of mob violence?

2. How can officials stop violence at sports events?

Psychologists Study the Causes of Mob Violence

What is the connection between violence and sports? Psychologists say that there are many reasons for violence at sports events. One is alcohol. Many fans drink a lot at games. When people drink, they are more likely to do abnormal things. Psychologist Dennis Brock says, "Quiet people become loud. Normally nonviolent people become destructive:'

David Sampson, a sports sociologist, agrees. "These are often celebratory riots – a large number of very happy people mixed in with large amounts of alcohol. They don't often seem dangerous in the beginning, but things get violent quickly."

Another reason for violence at sports events is the crowd itself. When individuals are in a large group of people, they can lose their sense of personal responsibility. Edward Hirt, a social psychologist, says that research shows that people do things in crowds that they would never do alone. People in crowds feel anonymous – no one knows who they are. Crowds also make people feel powerful. They stop making personal decisions. They just follow the crowd. Social psychologists call this a "mob mentality."

Dave Zarifis, head of public safety at Northern Iowa University says, "Some people don't even come to celebrate. They want to drink hard and make trouble. Someone does something stupid, and it grows from there. You get a mob mentality. People think it's OK to do almost anything.

Social psychologist Dr. Sharon Kennedy says that there are a few things officials can do to prevent violence. Making sure that an area is not overcrowded is very important. Officials should also think of games as "big parties." Then they will prepare differently. Kennedy says that in Great Britain they are controlling the problem with cameras in all the stadiums. "When you know someone is watching, you are much less likely to behave badly."

Reasons violence in football rises

Ways to prevent it

Drunk  people are more likely to do abnormal things.

controlling the problem with cameras in all the stadiums

8. Summarising. (slides 33-35)

  •  Read to find the answers to these questions then fill in the table and talk about violence in football and how it can be prevented.

1. What are the main causes of mob violence?

2. How can officials stop violence at sports events?

Football Violence Has Increased Drastically

P: With us today is Don Lewis, the Premier League's top scorer, to talk to us about football violence. Welcome, Don.

D: It’s great to be here, Peter.

P: Now, first of all, how does football violence start?

D: It can actually start before a match. If seats are oversold, problems can start very easily. There's also the problem of fans. If they consider a referee's decision unfair, they may get very angry and start fights. Worst of all is when the players themselves start fighting on the pitch and so encourage the fans to fight as well. I mean, to our fans, we are heroes. They want to be like us and if we behave violently, then they do as well. To a large extent, what happens in the stadium is our responsibility.

P: And how can this violence be prevented?

D: Well, first of all, as I said before, we as players must set a good example by avoiding violence on the pitch. Police officers also help to keep things under control making sure that no dangerous objects or drunk people get into the stadium. But I think the most important thing is to make the fans understand that football is a sport. It's not a matter of life or death. They need to realise that people have the right to support whichever team they prefer, and that really there's nothing to fight about.

P: Well, thank you, Don. What you say makes a lot of sense, and I hope fans will pay attention to it.

Reasons violence in football rises

Ways to prevent it

seats oversold

fans should understand football is a sport

8. Summarising. (slides 33-35)

Theme: Euro-2012: prospects and challenges

HO1  

Match the abbreviations to the names of the countries:

1. D(G)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

2. GR                                      

3. E                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

4. F                                         

5.  I                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

6. NL                                      

7. UA                                      

8. GB                                      

9. RUS                                    

10.PL

Spain

Netherlands/Holland

Greece

Ukraine

Germany  

United Kingdom

Poland

Russia

Italy

France

HO2  

An Article about Ukraine as a Tourist Destination

Put the paragraphs in the right order. Use the Plan to help you:

- Place, Location, Features

- People (Look, Character)

- Dwelling

- Food

- Free-time Activities

- Comments about the Country

_______________________________________________________________________

   Most people in Ukraine live in towns. The towns are very picturesque and full of old buildings, lively cafes, fashionable shops and exiting nightlife. The countryside, though, is also fascinating.

________________________________________________________________________

   Socializing and having a good time are very important for Ukrainians. In their free time they love meeting friends, going to cafes and clubs, spending time outdoors or gardening.

________________________________________________________________________

   Ukraine is a beautiful country with rich culture, just in the central part of Europe. Its wonderful nature, ancient churches and cathedras, numerous museums and exhibitions, huge brand new sport venues and local sport facilities make it a perfect tourist destination. What makes it really special, though, is its people.

________________________________________________________________________

   Ukrainians have rich cuisine. Ukrainian varenyky, borshch and lard with garlic are very popular. They like eating soup, meat, vegetables and lots of fruit.

________________________________________________________________________

   Ukraine is a fantastic country to visit. Its fascinating sights, rich cultural history and friendly people make it unique.

________________________________________________________________________

   Ukrainians are famous for their hospitality. Most of them are tall with dark or fair hair and dark eyes. They are active and sociable. Ukrainian women are especially well-known for their beauty.

Theme: Euro-2012: prospects and challenges HO  

UEFA Euro 2012

1. The 2012 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2012, will be …………..European Championship for national football teams sanctioned by UEFA.

       A   the 14th        B   the 10th        C   the 5th         

2. The final tournament will be hosted by Poland and Ukraine between …………..2012.

      A   8 May and 1 July     B   8 June and 1 July       C   1 July and 8 August

3. There are ……………. who will participate in the final tournament.

     A sixteen finalists        B   twenty four finalists             C twelve finalists

4. The symbols for the Euro 2012 European Soccer Championship - twin footballers from Ukraine and Poland have following names:

   A  Klemek and Ladko        B  Slavek and Slavko        C  Siemko and Strimko         

5. The official match ball for UEFA Euro 2012 is ……………

   A the Puma Tango            B  the Adidas Jabulani           C  the Adidas Tango

              

6. The competition slogan …………….was announced along with the logo. The slogan reflects the fact that Poland and Ukraine was united in past as one country and now represent ambitions of two eastern nations to perform the best tournament in the history of European Championship.

   A  Creating History Together       B Switch on Ukraine       C Ukraine is the Champion

7. Four venues in Ukraine are brand new stadiums currently being constructed ready to open in advance of the tournament in ….

   A   Donetsk, Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kyiv       B  Kyiv,  Kharkiv,  Donetsk,  Lviv

   C   Dnipropetrovsk,  Kyiv,  Kharkiv,  Donetsk

8. Match the cities, venues and their capacities:

            Kiev             Donetsk                     Kharkiv               Lviv

   

Metalist Stadium          Olympic Stadium            Arena Lviv               Donbass Arena             

Capacity: 38,863          Capacity: 51,504       Capacity: 70,050             Capacity: 34,915

9. How many players are there on the football pitch during the game?

    A   11               B 16                C  22  

10. Match groups of fans to the countries they support:

                          Ukraine          England       France      Sweden

            

                

  •  Summary and problem setting

There is no game without …. football, players, etc. and people who admire the spectacular football game. Why does a show become a tragedy?

Theme: Euro-2012: prospects and challenges HO3  

Violence in Sports: When is a game not a game?

  •  Read the interviews. What do highlighted words mean? What is the connection between violence and sports?

From the Street

Reporter: Riots after sports events are in the news more and more these days. In your opinion, what is causing this violence?

Joey G.: My friends and I go to football games all the time. When a team wins a big game, the fans want to be crazy and have a good time. That's normal. There just should be more police.

Ellen: I don't go to soccer matches anymore. I worry about alcohol at the games. That's the problem. When people drink, they do stupid things.

Julie: The troublemakers aren't real fans. They just want to be in a big crowd and act crazy. They shouldn't allow those people to go to the games.

Herman: Fans get angry if their team loses - especially if it's a big game. They should keep the two groups of fans apart. That's the cause of the problem.

  •  Do you agree with any of the comments? Why or why not? Have you ever been to a football match? What are your impressions? Have you ever read/watched about violence in sport events? What are your thoughts about it?

  •  Vocabulary practice. Match the words to their definitions.

mob violence

reasons

personal responsibility

personal decisions

follow the crowd

prevent violence

overcrowded

a referee's decision unfair

encourage

  •  personal choice, judgment
  •  go after, chase
  •  cause, motivation
  •  persuade, give confidence, support
  •  crowd aggression
  •  personal duty
  •  unjust conclusion
  •  stop, avoid cruelty
  •  overfull, packed with people
  •  

  •  Idea Exchange. Check the correct columns. Think about Your Ideas.

People at the sports events …

usually

often

sometimes

rarely

never

drink alcohol.

get drunk.

start fights.

use bad language.

throw things.

destroy property.

other

Theme: Euro-2012: prospects and challenges HO4  

Violence in Sports: When is a game not a game?

  •  Read to find the answers to these questions then fill in the table and talk about violence in football and how it can be prevented.

1. What are the main causes of mob violence?

2. How can officials stop violence at sports events?

Psychologists Study the Causes of Mob Violence

What is the connection between violence and sports? Psychologists say that there are many reasons for violence at sports events. One is alcohol. Many fans drink a lot at games. When people drink, they are more likely to do abnormal things. Psychologist Dennis Brock says, "Quiet people become loud. Normally nonviolent people become destructive:'

David Sampson, a sports sociologist, agrees. "These are often celebratory riots – a large number of very happy people mixed in with large amounts of alcohol. They don't often seem dangerous in the beginning, but things get violent quickly."

Another reason for violence at sports events is the crowd itself. When individuals are in a large group of people, they can lose their sense of personal responsibility. Edward Hirt, a social psychologist, says that research shows that people do things in crowds that they would never do alone. People in crowds feel anonymous – no one knows who they are. Crowds also make people feel powerful. They stop making personal decisions. They just follow the crowd. Social psychologists call this a "mob mentality."

Dave Zarifis, head of public safety at Northern Iowa University says, "Some people don't even come to celebrate. They want to drink hard and make trouble. Someone does something stupid, and it grows from there. You get a mob mentality. People think it's OK to do almost anything.

Social psychologist Dr. Sharon Kennedy says that there are a few things officials can do to prevent violence. Making sure that an area is not overcrowded is very important. Officials should also think of games as "big parties." Then they will prepare differently. Kennedy says that in Great Britain they are controlling the problem with cameras in all the stadiums. "When you know someone is watching, you are much less likely to behave badly."

Reasons violence in football rises

Ways to prevent it

Theme: Euro-2012: prospects and challenges HO5  

Violence in Sports: When is a game not a game?

  •  Read to find the answers to these questions then fill in the table and talk about violence in football and how it can be prevented.

1. What are the main causes of mob violence?

2. How can officials stop violence at sports events?

Football Violence Has Increased Drastically

P: With us today is Don Lewis, the Premier League's top scorer, to talk to us about football violence. Welcome, Don.

D: It’s great to be here, Peter.

P: Now, first of all, how does football violence start?

D: It can actually start before a match. If seats are oversold, problems can start very easily. There's also the problem of fans. If they consider a referee's decision unfair, they may get very angry and start fights. Worst of all is when the players themselves start fighting on the pitch and so encourage the fans to fight as well. I mean, to our fans, we are heroes. They want to be like us and if we behave violently, then they do as well. To a large extent, what happens in the stadium is our responsibility.

P: And how can this violence be prevented?

D: Well, first of all, as I said before, we as players must set a good example by avoiding violence on the pitch. Police officers also help to keep things under control making sure that no dangerous objects or drunk people get into the stadium. But I think the most important thing is to make the fans understand that football is a sport. It's not a matter of life or death. They need to realise that people have the right to support whichever team they prefer, and that really there's nothing to fight about.

P: Well, thank you, Don. What you say makes a lot of sense, and I hope fans will pay attention to it.

Reasons violence in football rises

Ways to prevent it

UEFA Euro 2012

The 2012 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2012, will be the 14th European Championship for national football teams sanctioned by UEFA. The final tournament will be hosted by Poland and Ukraine between 8 June and 1 July 2012. It is the first time that either nation has hosted the tournament. This bid was chosen by UEFA's Executive Committee in 2007.

The final tournament features sixteen nations, the last European Championship to do so (from Euro 2016 onward, there will be 24 finalists). Qualification was contested by 51 nations between August 2010 and November 2011 to join the two host nations in the tournament. The winner of the tournament gains automatic entry to the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup hosted by Brazil.

The symbols for the Euro 2012 European Soccer Championship - twin footballers from Ukraine and Poland. The mascots are the symbols of unity between two countries - Ukraine and Poland. The mascot names were announced in December 2010 after voting on the UEFA website. Almost 40,000 votes were received, leading to the following result:

Slavek and Slavko: 56% of votes

Siemko and Strimko: 29%

Klemek and Ladko: 15%

According to the Ukraine 2012 Information Centre, the Polish twin wears a white T-shirt with No. 20 on it and red shorts, while the Ukrainian twin wears a yellow T-shirt with No. 12 and blue shorts. The symbols also have hairstyles in their national colours. The Ukrainian twin also has freckles on his face. The Warner Bros Company studio designed the twins.

Match ball    Adidas Tango 12

The official match ball for UEFA Euro 2012 is the Adidas Tango 12 which is reported to be easier to dribble and control than the Adidas Jabulani ball used in the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Logo and slogan

The competition slogan, Creating History Together (Polish: Razem tworzymy przyszłość, Ukrainian: Творимо історію разом / Tvorymo istoriyu razom), was announced along with the logo. The slogan reflects the fact that Poland and Ukraine was united in past as one country and now represent ambitions of two eastern nations to perform the best tournament in the history of European Championship.

The official logo for the tournament was unveiled at a special event at Mykhailivska Square, Kiev, on 14 December 2009. It takes its visual identity from Wycinanki or Vytynanky, traditional form of paper cutting practised in rural areas of Poland and Ukraine. The art form symbolises the nature of the rural areas of both countries. As part of the event, landmark buildings in the eight host cities were illuminated with the tournament logo.

Venues

Apart from Donetsk and Kharkiv, the host cities are all popular tourist destinations (the latter having replaced Dnipropetrovsk as a host city in 2009). The bid package requires the expansion and modernisation of roads and transport links.

The obligatory improvement of the football infrastructure includes the building of new stadiums. Six of the eight venues are brand new stadia currently being constructed ready to open in advance of the tournament. In a return to the format used at Euro 1992, Euro 1996 and Euro 2008, each group will be based around two stadia.

    

                 Kiev                   Kharkiv              Donetsk               Lviv

  Olympic Stadium          Metalist Stadium        Donbass Arena            Arena  Lviv

   Capacity: 70,050           Capacity: 38,863     Capacity: 51,504       Capacity: 34,915

Participating teams

Twelve of the sixteen finalists participated at the previous tournament in 2008, with England and Denmark, who participated in 2004, returning after missing the 2008 edition. The Republic of Ireland return after an absence of 24 years, making only their second appearance at European finals. Hosts Ukraine, make their debut as an independent nation, having previously participated as part of the Soviet Union.

The sixteen finalists who will participate in the final tournament are:

Croatia

Czech Republic

Denmark

England

France

Germany

Greece

Italy

Netherlands

Poland (co-hosts)

Portugal

Republic of Ireland

Russia

Spain (title holders)

Sweden

Ukraine (co-hosts, first appearance)



 

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