57640

Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. Main cities

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

Good morning! I`m glad to see you Come here, make a circle and say a compliment. Choose a card and choose your team. They are: Tulips, Roses, Daffodils. We shall compete in some tasks and I will give you the scores. I wish you good luck.

Английский

2014-04-14

11.79 MB

14 чел.

                          Мiнiстерство Освiти i Науки України

          Технiкум Газової i Нафтової Промисловностi        

 Одеської Нацiональної Академiї Харчових  Технологiй

                                 

                                        Лекцiя – подорож:

        

      

          “ Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine. Main cities

                                           Виконала:

                                            викладач iноземної      

                                           мови  

                                             Кубова Т.М.

   

                                  2013

       Мета: навчити новим лексичним одиницям та їх активiзувати.

розвити навички аудіювання, монологічного та діалогічного мовлення; практикувати студентiв у читаннi з метою здобування основної  информацiї;вмiння вживати The Present Perfect Tense; розвити пiзнавальну активнiсть учнiв;

виховувати любов та повагу до країни, столиці України.

Обладнання: геогр.карта,малюнки,магнітофон, комп'ютерні презентації

Ukraine”, “Kyiv is the сapital of Ukraine”, реферати студентiв.

         

                                             Хід уроку.

I.Орг.момент.

Good morning! I`m glad to see you

Come here, make a circle and say a compliment.

- Choose a card and choose your team. They are: Tulips, Roses, Daffodils.

We shall compete in some tasks and I`ll give you the scores. I wish you good luck.

II. Ісценування: « Гості із Великобританії »

( Реквізити: фартух, валiза, камін, чашка з чаєм)

Dialogue: Sally: Oh Sam. I`m tired of your sitting and drinking tea near the fire – place all time.

Sam: Sally, dear. What`s the matter?

         I have a headache of you.

            You need a rest.

Sally: Enough of me, I am going to visit any country.

         Let me see (дивиться турист. агенство)

Oh, It`s great. I`ve found a tour to Ukraine, Kyiv for a week by plane.

I am going to visit Ukraine, Kyiv. I’d like to see some cathedrals.

Sam: Oh, darling. Don`t  leave me alone.

         I`m going with you too.(біжить за нею).

III. Слово вчителя: You are welcome to Ukraine. So, we`ll make an exursion around Ukraine, main cities, Kyiv.

We live in Ukraine. It is one of the largest countries in Europe. It is beautiful with its big cities, landscapes,mountains, lakes and seas.

Let’s see some photos.

                        ( Презентація України )

What can you say about Ukraine?

( Р1 — географічне положення; Р2 — клімат України)

IV. Listening is the next station.Listen to the text “ Main cities of Ukraine”.

Two times, than your task will be:

Fill in the gaps with the names of the main cities: Kyiv, Kharkiv, Odesa, Zaporizhia, Lviv, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk.

         Додаток 1                        

 V. The next station is Kyiv.

What do you know about the history of Kyiv?

                     The history of Kyiv

Kyiv is one of oldest cities in Eastern Europe, its official history dating to the 5th century, although settlement on this location was present since much earlier. According to an ancient legend, Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine, was founded by three brothers, Kyi, Schek and Khoryv, and their sister Lybid. Kyiv means the City of Kyi.

By late 9th century Kyiv became the chef-lieu of the emerging state of the Eastern Slavic tribes, and between the 10th and early 13th century, it reached its golden age as the capital of the first Ukrainian state known today as Kyiv Rus, which predated modern Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.

In the middle of the 13th century Kyiv Rus was overrun by the Mongols, and later this century Kyiv became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1654 Kyiv was liberated from the commonwealth by Cossack Hetman Bohdan  Khmelnytsky, who then promptly signed the city over to become a protectorate of Russia. In 1775 it was completely annexed by the Russian Empire. The city remained under Russian rule, with brief, but uncertain, periods of independence between 1918 and 1920. During these two centuries, Kyiv experienced growing Russification  and Russian immigration. After the collapse of the Soviet  Union in 1991, Kyiv became the capital of independent Ukraine and it is now quickly learning the role of a large European capital.

VI.Presenting vocabulary:

All  these words and expressions have a connection with some place in Kyiv.  What do they mean?

Match them with their explanations to know more about Kyiv.

                                  Додаток 2

1.Khreshchtic                          a)Ancient Kyiv’s  “Upper Town:”

2.Podil                              b)The 17 story hotel was built in 1970

3.Lavra                                     c)the Kyiv test   favourite street

4.”Lybid“                       d)The term used by orthodox church its                                                                                                 

                                                                   largest monastery.

5.Pechersk                                  e)The so-called “Lower Town”

6.T. Shevchenko National Opera      f)Classical Ukrainian operas                   

                                                       such as Lysenko’s “Taras  

                                                          Bulba”are perfоrmed here.

VII.Teacher we are travelling around the sights of Kyiv.

Repeat the following proper names after me:

The Saint Sophia Cathedral         The Monument to Prince

Volodymyr

The Saint Volodymyr Cathedral    The Monument to

Bogdan Khmelnitsky

The Saint Andrew`s Church          Independence Square

Kyiv Pecherska Lavra                  Andreevskiy descent

Monastery                                   The monument to Kyi,

                                                   Schek, Khoriv and sister                                                                                                                                                                           

Libid!

Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts  

 Khreschatyk

 

Golden Gate

VIII Teacher: 

We are travelling around the sights of Kyiv: What do you know about them?(реферати студентiв,презентацiя Києва)

                 

                           Додаток 3

IX. Фізхвилинка. Пісня «Kyiv of Mine»

                        

                                 Kyiv of Mine

    

                      Greenery plays like an ocean.

Peace of day burns tonight.

Dearer grows my devotion

To the Dnieper`s steep heights.

Swaying branches before you,

Love`s dreams may enshrine.

How can I not adore you,

Kiev of mine....

 

                                 

X. Teacher: The next station is reading:

a) match English words with Ukrainian equiva lents:

1.to be situated on           а) проходити (про час)

2. exhibition                    b) каштан

3.to pass                           c) мешканець

4.to be proud                    d) бути розташованим на

5.fifteen centuries             e) виставка

6. inhabitant                       f) давні горби

7. to be held                      g) проводитися

8. ancient hills                   h) пишатися

9.chestnut tree                  I) пятнадцять століть

b) read the text “Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine”

        

     KYIV — THE CAPITAL OF UKRAINE

Kyiv is situated on both banks of the river Dnipro. Kyiv has a population of more than 3 million inhabitants.

Fifteen centuries have passed over its ancient hills. The city is green and beautiful. Many streets are lined up with chestnut trees. The green lawns, squares, public gardens are bright with red tulips. Every last Sunday of May the Kyiv Spring Festival is traditionally held in the city. But whether it is all in blossom or covered with snow, Kyiv is always lovely.

Kyiv enjoys wide popularity in many countries. It is the scientific, industrial and cultural centre of Ukraine. It has many scientific institutions and higher educational establishments among which are National University, Polytechnic University, Food Industry Technological University, Light Industry Technological University, Pedagogical University, Medical University, etc.

There are huge enterprises in Kyiv. They produce excavators, air liners, computers, automatic lathes, gas equipment, chemical goods, cameras, ready-made clothes, etc.

The museums, art galleries, theatres and historical monuments in the capital make it very important for world culture.

There are many places of historic interest among them:

Kyiv – Pechersk Lavra, the St.Sophia's Cathedral, the Golden Gate, the Monument to Bogdan Khmelnitsky and the Prince Volodimir and others. In the park of Immortal Glory there is a Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

There are many fine museums in Kyiv: the State Museum of Ukrainian and Russian Art, and so on. Kyiv is famous for its theaters such as Opera House ( Taras Shevchenco Opera and Ballet Theatre), the Ivan Franko Ukrainian Drama Theatre and others.

The people of Ukraine are proud of their capital because it has become one of the world biggest centres where different festivals, scientific congresses, international exhibitions and world sport events take place every year.

                         

                            Додаток 4

XI. Teacher: What impressed you most of all.

Expressions: (Складання діалогів по групах)

It was interesting for me to know …

I play special attention to …

I hardly believed that,  but …

Without doubt the information about …

It should be mentioned here about …

XII.T: The next station is the Present Perfect Tense:

а) правило

b) Choose the correct variant.

                             

1)He writes that the weather..........bad there since October.

a) has been                             b)has be               c)have been

2)It's a bit cold, so I …......the window.

a)had closed                           b)have closed             c)has closed.

3)The film...........already by the time we get to the cinema

a)will start                              b)has started             c)have started

4)The pupils...........their classroom already.

a)has cleaned                         b)had cleaned           c)have cleaned

5)He............the very important documents.

a)have lost                             b)has lost             c)will  have lost

                             Додаток 5

XIII.Concluding Part: (Підсумки очків команд)

Marks.

Home task will be to speak about Kyiv.

                                 Додаток 1                        

                  " Main cities of Ukraine

  I T: Repeat the new words after me:

   scientific - науковий

   educational establishments - навчальнi заклади   

   chemical - хімічний

   a railway junction - залізничний вузол

   the underground line - лінія метро

   a boulevard - бульвар

   fuel — паливо

                     " Main cities of Ukraine. "

                                         

The main cities of Ukraine are Kyiv, Kharkiv,Zaporizhia,Dnipropetrovsk, Odesa, Donetsk, Lviv and others.

 Kyiv is a large political industrial, scientific and cultural centre.It lies on both banks of the Dnieper.It is the capital of Ukraine.The main street is Khreshchatik.There are many beautiful churches and cathedrals there. Kyiv Pechersk Lavra is the most famous sights of Kyiv.

 Kharkiv was the capital of Ukraine since 1919 till 1934. Today Kharkiv is the second largest city in the country.Kharkiv is one of the largest industrial centres in Ukraine. It produces planes, tractors, electronic, medical equipment, TV-sets, clothing and textiles. There are many educational establishments, research institutes in Kharkiv.

 Zaporizhia is a historic region of Ukraine. The centre of Ukrainian Cossacks, Zaporizka Sich was situated there in 16 th - 18 th centuries. The most remarkable sight, the pride is Khortytsia Island. Metallurgical, chemical, light and food industries are well - developed in it.

 Dnipropetrovsk is situated on the river Dnieper. It is a large railway junction. The city is a centre of space rocket production in Ukraine. The city was founded in 1776. It is a large cultural centre of Ukraine, it has 5 theatres, 3 museums. It has the underground line.

 Odesa is the Black Sea gateway to Ukraine. It is the country's largest commercial Black Sea - port and a large industrial city. Odesa is a crossroads of cultures, languages and trade. The beauty of Odesa is in Prymorsky boulevard with its beautiful buildings and the Potemkin steps. Odesa is famous for its beaches.

 Donetsk is the centre of coal- mining industry. It is also the main fuell base of Ukraine. If is famous for its football team " Shahtar ".

 Lviv is the capital of Western Ukraine. Its narrow old streets and is hictoric centre make it one of the best places in the country. The lion is the historic symbol of the city. There you can find a statue of Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukraine's most famous historian and the country's first president in 1918. Its famous for its churches and monasteries.

                                      

                       Main cities of Ukraine.

Fill in the gaps with: Odesa, Zaporizhia, Kyiv, Lviv, Dnipropetrovsk, Kharkiv, Donetsk.

     1)….…........is Black Sea gateway  to Ukraine. It is the famous for its beaches.

     2) …......is a historic region of Ukraine.It is the centre of Ukrainian Cossacks.

     3)…..........is a large political, industrial, scientific and cultural centre. There are many churches and cathedrals.

     4) …........is the capital of Western  Ukraine. The lion-is the historic symbol of the city.

     5) …........is the  centre of space rocket production in Ukraine. It has the underground line.

     6) ….........is the second largest city in the country. There are many educational establishments , research institutes there.

    7) …........Is the centre of coal-mining industry.

                                   Додаток 2

1.Khreshchtic                          a)Ancient Kyiv’s  “Upper Town:”

2.Podil                              b)The 17 story hotel was built in 1970

3.Lavra                                     c)the Kyiv test   favourite street

4.”Lybid“                       d)The term used by orthodox church its                                                                                                 

                                                                   largest monastery.

5.Pechersk                                  e)The so-called “Lower Town”

6.T. Shevchenko National Opera      f)Classical Ukrainian operas                   

                                                       such as Lysenko’s “Taras  

                                                          Bulba”are perfоrmed here

                                      Додаток 3

P1.  The Saint Sophia Cathedral was built in 1037 by Prince Yaroslave the Wise to glorify the wisdom of Christianity (“Sophia” in Greek means “wisdom”)

P2.  The Saint Volodymyr Cathedral was built in 1882 in a new-byzantine style by architect A. Baretti. It is a  traditionally Slavic six-column church. It is crowned by seven cupols. The height to the to the top of the cross on the main.

P3. The Saint Andrew’s Church was built in 1748 by architect Rastrelli.

P4. Kyiv Pecherska Lavra Monastery is one of the most famous sights of Kyiv. “Lavra” means the large monastery.Kyiv Pecherska Lavra is located on the right coast of Dnieper hills. First monks logged in caves  here takes its name   Kyiv Pecherska Lavra (pechera – means a cave ).

P5.  Museum of  Ukrainian Fine Arts contains a valuable of  old Ukrainian icons, paintings and sculptures.

P6.Khreschatyk - the main street of  Kyiv, that is located near where prince Volodimir the Great baptized his family one. Probably the street takes its name from this fact, but under other version, the street was named so because of Khreshchatiy Yar   ( that is crossed over by transversal ravines ). Khreshchatiу is not very long street –just  1.2 km, but its average width is 75 m.

P7. Golden Gate is the ceremonial  gate of Kyiv during the reign of Yaroslav the Wise. They surrounded the upper city with strong  walls with three gates.It was based by Kyiv Prince Yaroslav the Wise in 1037. The Gate served as the main  entrance to Kyiv.

P8. The monument to Prince Volodimir, the Baptist of Russia, is located at the  park of Volodiminska Gorka. St. Volodimir`s figure rises above the steep Dnieper bank. Prince holds a cross in the right hand and a princely cap …

P9. The monument to Bogdan Khmelnitsky is the most known city monument, an original symbol of Kyiv. It is put up in honour of hetman В. Khmelnitsky, who went down in history of Ukraine as an outstanding commander statesman, headed the revolt of  Ukrainian  people against Rech Pospolitaya …

P10.Independence Square is located on Khreschatyk Street. Maidan  is known throughout the world as the place where supporters of Yuschenko   and the Orange Revolution camped for weeks on end in October 2004. This is a central meeting place in Kyiv.

P11.Andreevskiy descent is very steep street, where according to leged , Andrew visited and blessed the city of Kyiv. In leged, Andrew visited and blessed the city of Kyiv. In memory of this event St.Andiews Church was built. Today Andrews descent – a card of Kyiv, where you can not only admire the wonks of ant, but also buy Ukrainian souvenirs, embroidery and paintings

                                     Додаток 4

d)T: Finish the sentences:

-Kyiv has a population;

-In spring the green lawns, lawns squares and parks are…

-Every last Sunday in M ay Spring Festival is …

-The enterprises of Kyiv produce …

-The people of Ukrainian are proud of …

e)Т: Fill in the gaps:

-Kyiv was …more than 1500 years ago.

-Kyiv is one of the most … cities.

-The … of Kyiv is about 3 mln people.

-Kyiv lies on both banks of  the Dnipro river.

-Kyivites are … of the city.

-Kyiv is the centre of science and …

-Kyiv is famous for its …

-Kyiv has many places  and …

-Kyiv is an industrial… cultural centre of Ukraine.

-Kyiv is one of the … cities in Europe

                             Додаток 5

c) Find the mistake:

1) I haven't never visited that place.

2) He have just got a letter from Tom.

3) Has he already go to Kyiv?

4) I haven't e ate today yet.

5)When you have seen Mary?

6) Dan has came home just.

7) I've never be to London.

8) We have write the dictation.

9) I not seen  for ages.

10) Have you never been to Kyiv?

 Презентацiя Україна 

                            

Презентацiя Києва

 


 

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