The Nobel Prizes
Педагогика и дидактика
Objectives: - to teach pupils to work in groups; to teach pupils to gather additional information on the topic; to practice speaking; to develop pupils language skills...
Шосткинська загальноосвітня школа І-ІІІ ступенів №11
Шосткинської міської ради
The Nobel Prizes
Підготувала і провела
вчитель англійської мови
вищої категорії ШЗШ №11
Яцишина Людмила Миколаївна
Objectives: - to teach pupils to work in groups;
Equipment: - a screen;
Teaching techniques: - warming-up
T: - Good morning, pupils!
P: - Good morning, teacher!
T: - Glad to see you!
P: - Glad to see you too!
T: - How are you?
P: - Fine, thank you. And you?
T: - Fine, thank you.
T: - The theme of our todays lesson is “The Nobel Prizes”. (slide 1)
At the lesson we are going to speak about the Nobel Prizes, Nobel Laureates, Alfred Nobel. We shall learn a lot of interesting information about the history of the Nobel Prizes, about the founder Alfred Nobel. Well speak, ask and answer the questions, work with the presentation, read, do tasks. At the end of the lesson you must give the answers to the questions on our theme.
T: So, pupils, be attentive and active. Try to continue my sentences.
Sweden is …
P: … a country in Scandinavia where the ceremony of awarding the Nobel Prizes takes place.
T: Alfred Nobel is …
P: a Swedish engineer and chemist who invented dynamite, the founder of the Nobel Prizes.
T: The Nobel Prize is …
P: the award for the most progressive achievements.
T: Nobel laureate is …
P: a person who received the Nobel Prize.
IV. Role play.
T: Now, lets start our lesson. Two groups prepared the information about the Nobel Prizes and Alfred Nobel. Their task was to learn as much as possible about history, traditions, ceremony of awarding and facts from Nobels life. (slide 2) Lets speak about the person, who was able to make progress in science and he was honored during his life. He invented the dynamite but blamed himself throughout all his life. So he created and established his own fond to support the most progressive achievements. He was a person whose name brought fame and glory to others.
- Well, well start with the 1st group, they know much about Nobels life. The 2d group, you are the students, be ready to ask questions about Alfred Nobel and his life.
P1: I want to know when and where was Alfred Nobel born?
P2: (slide 3) On October 21, 1833 a baby boy was born in a family in Stockholm, Sweden who was to become a famous scientist, inventor, businessman and founder of the Nobel Prizes. The parents named their son Alfred.
P3: What do you know about his parents?
P4: (slide 4) His father was Immanuel Nobel and his mother was Andriette Ahlsell Nobel. (slide 5) Alfred's father was an engineer and inventor. He built bridges and buildings and experimented with different ways of blasting rocks. (slide 6) He also liked to paint. The same year that Alfred was born, his father's business suffered losses and had to be closed. In 1837, Immanuel Nobel decided to try his business somewhere else and left for Finland and Russia. (slide 7) Alfred's mother was left in Stockholm to take care of the family. At this time, Alfred had two older brothers, Robert born in 1829, and Ludvig born in 1831. Andriette Nobel, who came from a wealthy family, started a grocery store. The store had a modest income that helped in supporting the family.
P5: Did the family move to Russia later?
P6: After a time, Immanuel Nobel's business in St. Petersburg, Russia started doing well. He had opened a mechanical workshop that provided equipment for the Russian army.
With his success in Russia, Immanuel was now able to move his family to St. Petersburg in 1842. By 1843, another boy was born into the family, Emil.
P7: What education did the children receive?
P8: The four Nobel brothers were given first class education with the help of private tutors. Their lessons included natural sciences, languages and literature. At the age of 17, Alfred could speak and write in Swedish, Russian, French, English and German.
P9: What was Alfred interested in?
P10: Alfred was most interested in literature, chemistry and physics. His father wanted his son to follow in his footsteps and was not pleased with Alfred's interest in poetry. He decided to send the young man abroad to study and become a chemical engineer. In Paris, Alfred worked in the private laboratory of Professor T. J. Pelouze, a famous chemist.
P11: I know that he invented dynamite. When was his invention made?
P12: The invention was made in 1866. (slide 8) Alfred got a patent or legal right of ownership on this material the next year. He named it "dynamite." He also invented a detonator or blasting cap which could be set off by lighting a fuse.
P13: Did Alfred Nobel have his own family?
P14: Alfred had no family of his own. One day, he announced in the newspapers for a secretary. (slide 9) An Austrian lady, Bertha Kinsky von Chinic got the job. After working for a short time, she moved back to Austria to marry Count Arthur von Suttner.
Alfred and Bertha von Suttner remained friends and exchanged letters through the years. She later became very active in the peace movement. When Alfred Nobel later wrote his will to establish the Nobel Prizes, he included a prize for persons or organizations who promoted peace.
P15: When did Alfred die and what was his last will?
P16: Alfred died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896. (slide 10) According to his will, (slide 11) Alfred Nobel's enormous fortune was to be used to establish prizes to award those who had done their best to benefit mankind in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace. Not everybody was pleased with this. His will was opposed by his relatives and questioned by authorities in various countries. It took four years for his executors to convince all parties to follow Alfred's wishes.
P1: When and where was the first ceremony of awarding?
P2: In 1901, (slide 12) the first Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature were first awarded in Stockholm, Sweden and the Peace Prize in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway.
P3: Where does the money for the Nobel Prizes come from?
P4: At the age of 17, Swedish Alfred Nobel spoke five languages fluently. Nobel became an inventor and businessman, and at the time of his death he had 355 patents worldwide one of them was the patent on dynamite. Furthermore, he had started 87 companies all over the world. In 1968, another prize was added "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel".
P5: When and where do the Nobel Prize Award Ceremonies take place?
P6: The Nobel Laureates are announced at the beginning of October each year. A couple of months later, on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death, they receive their prizes from the Swedish King a Nobel diploma, a medal, and 10 million Swedish crowns per prize. (slide 13) All Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, except for the Nobel Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo, Norway.
V. Presentation “The Nobel Prizes”
T: - So, we know a lot about Alfred Nobel and now the second group will show us the presentation about the place, the ceremony, the interesting facts and the laureates of the Nobel Prizes. While watching the presentation pay attention to the facts and names.
Slide 14 - The Nobel Prizes
Slide 15 The Nobel Foundation
Slide 16 The Hall
Slide 17 Monument to Nobel in the Hall
Slide 18 - Ceremony
Slide 19 - The duty of the princess is to be present at the ceremony.
Slide 20 - How the laureates should look like at the ceremony.
Slide 21- A piece of Ahtisaaris speech.
Slide 22 - Interesting Facts about Nobel Prize
Slide 23 - Years when Nobel Prize wasnt given
Slide 24 - Only 43 Nobel Prizes were given to women!
Slide 25 - Four Nobel Laureates have been forced by authorities to decline the Nobel Prize!
Slide 26 - The Youngest Nobel Laureate is Lawrence Bragg.
Slide 27 The oldest Nobel Laureate is Leonid Hurwicz.
Slide 28 Two Nobel Laureates have declined the Nobel Prize!
Slide 29 Three Nobel Laureates were in prison at the time of the award.
Slide 30 - Alfred Nobel is really a man bringing fame to others.
VI. Complete the sentences.
1. The Nobel Prizes have been presented
2. The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences
3. After presentation speeches His Majesty the King of Sweden
4. The duty of the princess is
5. The Nobel Prize was not awarded
6. Alfred Nobel is really
a) hands each Laureate a diploma and a medal.
b) to be present at the ceremony.
c) to the Laureates at ceremonies on 10 December.
d) a man bringing fame to others.
e) was established in 1968.
f) during World War I and II.
Key: 1c 2e 3a 4b 5f 6d
T: - Now well read the text.
International, the University, refers to, moved, prestigious, anniversary, hands, the prize, was opened, consists of, Ceremony, the Laureates
The Nobel Prizes
Since 1901, the Nobel Prizes have been presented to 1 _______________ at ceremonies on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobels death. As stipulated in the will of the Swedish-born inventor and international industrialist Alfred Nobel, which 2 ______________ after his death in 1896, the Nobel Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine and Literature are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, while the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway. Since 1969 an additional prize has been awarded at the ceremony in Stockholm, The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, which was established in 1968 on the occasion of the Riksbank's 300th 3 _______________. The Prize Award 4 ________________in Stockholm has, almost without exception, taken place at the Stockholm Concert Hall (Stockholms Konserthus) since 1926. In Oslo, the ceremony was for many years held at the Nobel Institute. From 1947 till 1990, the setting was the auditorium of 5 ________________ of Oslo. In 1990 the event 6 ___________ to the Oslo City Hall. Each prize 7 _____________ a medal, personal diploma, and a cash award.
At the Prize Award Ceremony in Stockholm, presentation speeches extoll the Laureates and their discovery or work, after which His Majesty the King of Sweden 8 _________ each Laureate a diploma and a medal.
Why are the individuals and organisations awarded a Nobel Prize called Nobel Laureates? The word "Laureate" 9 ______________being signified by the laurel wreath. In Greek mythology, the god Apollo is represented wearing a laurel wreath on his head. A laureal wreath is a circular crown made of branches and leaves of the bay laurel (In latin: Laurus nobilis).
In the statutes of the Nobel Foundation it says: "A prize amount may be equally divided between two works, each of which is considered to merit a prize. If a work that is being rewarded has been produced by two or three persons, 10 ____________ shall be awarded to them jointly. In no case may a prize amount be divided between more than three persons."
Since the Nobel Prize is regarded by far as the most 11 _____________ prize in the world, the Award Ceremonies as well as the Banquets in Stockholm and Oslo on 10 December have been transformed from local Swedish and Norwegian arrangements into major 12 _____________events that receive worldwide coverage by the print media, radio and television.
Key: 1- the Laureates; 2 - was opened; 3 anniversary; 4 Ceremony; 5 - the University; 6 moved; 7 - consists of; 8 hands; 9 refers to; 10 the prize; 11 prestigious; 12 - international
II. Match the pair
Key: 1c 2e 3f 4a 5b 6d
VIII. The Nobel Prize Quiz
T: - How much do you know about the Nobel Prize and its founder, Alfred Nobel?
Test out your knowledge in this Nobel Prize Quiz!
T: - Our lesson comes to the end. I want to hear your answers to the questions.
T: - Pupils, today at the lesson we spoke a lot about Alfred Nobel, the Nobel Prizes and Nobel Laureates.
Thank you for your work at the lesson. Your marks are ….
XI. Home Assignment.
Find the information about the Ukrainian Nobel Laureates.
Good-bye! Have a nice day!
А также другие работы, которые могут Вас заинтересовать
|74385.||Стоимость потерянной электроэнергии в электрической сети||225 KB|
|Наличие потерь электроэнергии в электрической сети приводит к необходимости дополнительной выработки электроэнергии на электростанциях и, как следствие, дополнительным расходам финансовых средств энергосистемы на производство и передачу электроэнергии.|
|74387.||ОБЩИЕ ТРЕБОВАНИЯ К СХЕМАМ И НАДЕЖНОСТИ ЭЛЕКТРОСНАБЖЕНИЯ||61.5 KB|
|При построении схем системы передачи и распределения электроэнергии можно условно разделить на системообразующие и распределительные электрические сети. К системообразующим относят электрические сети которые объединяют электрические станции и крупные узлы нагрузки. Системообразующие сети выполняют на напряжения 330 500 и 750 кВ обеспечивая тем самым их большую пропускную способность. Назначение распределительных сетей передача электроэнергии от подстанций системообразующей сети к центрам питания сетей городов промышленных предприятий и...|
|74389.||Принципы формирования разомкнутых сетей. радиальные и магистральные нерезервированные и резервирование сети||865.5 KB|
|Схема электрической сети определяется применяемыми номинальными напряжениями числом ступеней трансформации схемой соединения подстанций конфигурацией сети и схемами электрических соединений понижающих подстанций. При проектировании электрической сети и выборе ее схемы в первую очередь решается задача выбора Uном и ступеней трансформации. Схема соединения сети или конфигурация сети определяет соединение ветвей и узлов.|
|74390.||ПРИНЦИПЫ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ СХЕМ ПРОТЯЖЕННЫХ ЭЛЕКТРОПЕРЕДАЧ СИСТЕМООБРАЗУЮЩИХ ЭЛЕКТРИЧЕСКИХ СЕТЕЙ||87 KB|
|При развитии системообразующей сети они становятся ее составной частью. В этом случае протяженная электропередача соединяющая несколько системных подстанций является элементом системообразующей сети. Схему системообразующей сети формируют исходя из ее многофункционального назначения. При этом должна обеспечиваться достаточная пропускная способность отдельных линий и сечения сети группы линий связывающих один регион с другим надежная выдача мощности в систему крупных электростанций надежное питание крупных узлов нагрузки.|
|74391.||Способы присоединения концевых, транзитных и узловых подстанций к электрической сети||45.5 KB|
|Способ присоединения подстанции к сети напряжение и количество присоединяемых линий а также вид применяемых коммутационных аппаратов определяют схемы понижающих подстанций рис. Подстанции питающие сеть рассматриваемого напряжения называют центром питания ЦП. Как правило это подстанции более высокой ступени напряжения...|
|74392.||ВЫБОР КОНФИГУРАЦИИ И НОМИНАЛЬНОГО НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ ЭЛЕКТРИЧЕСКОЙ СЕТИ||121.5 KB|
|На последующих этапах выбираются параметры сети для намеченных конфигураций и производится их технико-экономическое сравнение. Конфигурация сети ее протяженность число цепей линий на каждом из участков непосредственно влияют на выбор номинального напряжения. Другой важнейший фактор при выборе напряжения это предполагаемые нагрузки на участках сети.|
|74393.||ВЫБОР ПРОВОДНИКОВ ЛИНИЙ ЭЛЕКТРОПЕРЕДАЧИ ПО УСЛОВИЯМ ЭКОНОМИЧНОСТИ||582.5 KB|
|С другой стороны от площади сечения проводника зависит его активное сопротивление и его диаметр которые в свою очередь влияют соответственно на нагрузочные потери электроэнергии и потери холостого хода и как следствие на стоимость этих потерь. Действительно например при увеличении площади сечения проводников капитальные затраты на них будут возрастать а стоимость потерь электроэнергии в них уменьшаться.40 нагрузочные потери электроэнергии выражены по методу времени наибольших потерь потери холостого хода не учитываются а...|