58772

Имя существительное, личные местоимения, числительные, формы глаголов to be, to have, порядок слов в утвердительном предложении

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

The lectures delivered by the professors of our Institute are interesting. 2. I write my exercises with a pen. 3. Our assistant’s experiments were successful. 4. He pays great attention to his studies. 5. This book was written by a famous writer. 6. The article was about doctors.

Английский

2014-04-29

140.5 KB

19 чел.

LESSON 1

      Грамматика: имя существительное, личные местоимения,

числительные, формы глаголов to be, to have , порядок     

слов в утвердительном предложении       

ABOUT MYSELF

I. Прочтите следующие слова по правилам:

children, mean, hospital, student, person, pure, leave, while, member, third, treatment, type, skull, chest, shoulder, fiber, agent, strong, bone, line

II. Прочтите следующие слова по транскрипции:

anatomy[qnxtqmi] , chemistry [‘kemistri], microbiology[,mQikrObQiOlqGi], patient [‘peiSqnt], medicin [‘medsin], pathology[pqTOlqGi], blood [blAd], atrium [‘eitrium], mind [mQind], general [‘Genqrql], responsible [rispOnsqbl], library [‘lQibrqri], health [helT]

III. Образуйте единственное число существительных:

parents, children, libraries, types, lives, women, houses, mice, relatives, teeth, babies

IV. Объясните употребление предлогов, прочтите предложения и переведите их:

1. The lectures delivered by the professors of our Institute are interesting. 2. I write my exercises with a pen. 3. Our assistant’s experiments were successful. 4. He pays great attention to his studies. 5. This book was written by a famous writer. 6. The article was about doctors. 7. He gave the textbook to his friend. 8. The patients of this doctor were children. 9. Children’s parents asked many questions.

V. Прочтите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на местоимения:

1. We live with our parents. 2. Her son works with my uncle. 3. I live not far from you and your sister. 4. Their flat is on the second floor. 5. She finished our school. 6. Our  doctor is young. 7. We have a dog. We like it and it likes us.

VI. Раскройте скобки, употребив соответствующую форму личных местоимений:   

1. (I) friend sends (I) many letters. 2. (He) brother knows (you). 3. (I) often see (they) in the park. 4. Don’t ask (he) about (he) wife. 5. (He) met (she) at the party. 6. (We ) teacher greets (we) every morning. (We) greet (she) too. 7. (You) son studies together with (I).

VII. Назовите следующие числительные:

3547,  20й,  0.005,  1987год,  1/3,  209,  31й,  2.65,  2/5

VIII. Вставьте соответствующую форму глагола to be в настоящем времени:

1. He … a student. 2. You … students. 3. I … a teacher. 4. She … a young lady. 5. It … a car. 6. Nick … from London. 7. Ann … a doctor. 8. This …  a book. 9. The door … open. 10. They … friends. 11. His name … Jack.  12. Ifrom Novosibirsk.

IX. Найдите в предложениях глагол  to be , определите его время и переведите предложения:

1. Mike is a student. 2. His mother was a doctor. 3. Helen and Ann are schoolgirls.

4. The Smiths were in Paris. 5. His daughter will be a student. 6. She is married.

7. Her husband was in the hospital. 8. I will be seventeen.

X. Вставьте глагол to be в соответствующей форме:

1. I … in London in summer. 2. My son … a schoolboy next year. 3. Our relatives … at home now. 4. My sister … a housewife. 5. His daughter … in Paris last year. 6. His nephew … a doctor in a year. 7. Her husband … twenty seven yesterday. 8. My son’s friends … students of the medical university.

XI. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Are you a student of the stomatological faculty?

2. Was it difficult to enter the university?

3. Is it interesting to study at the medical university?

4. Are your friends students?

5. Is your mother a doctor?

6. Will you be a good student?

7. Were you in Moscow this summer?

8. Is anatomy your favourite subject?

XII. Определите время глагола to have и переведите предложения:

1. They had a house but now they have a flat. 2. My friend will have a new job soon. 3. Her aunt has two children. 4. I have no car. 5. His daughter has many English books. 6. He has no relatives in France. 7. They have breakfast at nine o’clock. 8. She has a headache yesterday. 9. I will have no time tomorrow. 10. Their children have no problems.

XIII. Переведите предложения:

1. У нее  было много друзей. 2. У наших родственников новая квартира. 3. У него болит зуб. 4. Обычно они обедают в три часа. 5. У них была большая семья. 6.  Я сегодня не завтракал. 7. Завтра у меня будет свободное время.

XIV. Составьте предложения, соответствующие русскому варианту:

1. Мой двоюродный брат хороший врач.

  doctor, cousin, a, is, good, my

2. В этом институте учатся друзья моей дочери.

  friends, study, my, this, institute, daughter’s, at

3. У него много родственников.

   many, he, relatives, has

4. В этом отделении работает 15 врачей.

   work, fifteen, doctors, in, department, our

5. Их сейчас нет дома.

   home, now, they, not, are, at

6. Его дочери завтра исполнится 5 лет.

   five, his, tomorrow, will, daughter, be

7. Прошлым летом мы не были в Москве.

   were, in, last, not, we, Moscow, summer

XV. Поставьте слова в правильном порядке:

1. policeman, from, is, John, a, New York

2. is, coffee, nice, not, English, very

3. Tim, in, work, and, Madrid, Sally

4. has, very, free, he, time, little

XVI. Прочтите следующие слова и дайте их русские эквиваленты:

Biology, college, computer programmer, practical, pensioner, visit

XVII. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания:

What does he/she  look like? –  Как он/она выглядит?

good-looking  -  симпатичный

fair hair [‘fFq hFq]  -  светлые волосы

to look younger  -  выглядеть моложе

medium height [‘mJdjqm hQit] -  средний рост 

tall [tOl] -  высокий

slim  -  стройный

experienced [ikspiqriqnst] -  опытный, квалифицированный

broad-shouldered [‘brLd Souldid] -  широкоплечий

to have much in common  -  иметь много общего

different views on smth [vjHz] -  разные взгляды на ч-л

to be fond of  -  увлекаться. любить

to go in for sports  -  заниматься спортом

to take care of smb [kFq] -  заботиться о к-л

to be good at smth  -  быть способным к ч-л

to tidy  -  убирать, приводить в порядок

to run the house  -  вести хозяйство

to be married [‘mqerid]-  быть женатым/замужем

one’s own [oun] -  собственный

lawyer  [lLjq]- юрист

housewife  -  домохозяйка

son  [sAn]-  сын

daughter [‘dLtq] -  дочь

nephew [nevjH] -  племянник

niece [nJs] -  племянница

relative  -  родственник

to get on well  -  быть в хороших отношениях, ладить

pet  -  питомец, любимец

XVIII. Прочтите и переведите текст:

MY FAMILY

     I am Ann Smirnova.  Ann is my first name and Smirnova is my surname or family name. I am seventeen. I want to tell you some words about my family. It is not very large. We are five in the family: my mum, dad, grandmother, brother and me.

      My mother is a teacher of biology. She works in a college. She is a good-looking woman with grey eyes and fair hair. She is forty four but looks much younger. She is  medium height and slim.

       My father is a computer programmer. He is very experienced. He is a broad-shouldered, tall man with dark hair. He is forty five. My parents have much in common. But they have different views on books, films and sports. For example, my father is fond of football and tennis. My mother doesn’t go in for sports but she is fond of reading books and different magazines. My parents are hard working people.  My mother keeps the house and takes care of us. She is very good at cooking and she is very practical. I try to help her with the housework. I wash dishes, go shopping and tidy our flat.

      My grandmother is a pensioner. She lives with us and helps to run the house.

       My brother Nick is twenty three. He is married and has a family of his own. He  is a lawyer . His wife is a housewife. They have twins – a son and a daughter.I often visit them and play with my nephew and niece.

      We have many relatives and we get on well.

      I am fond of animals. We have two pets. They are a big dog and an Angora cat.

XIX. Переведите следующие словосочетания:

имя и фамилия, иметь много родственников, сын и дочь, племянник и племянница, в нашей семье три человека, симпатичный человек, светловолосая женщина, широкоплечий мужчина, стройная девушка среднего роста, высокий парень, у нас много общего, у них разные взгляды на жизнь, увлекаться музыкой, заниматься спортом, хорошо готовить, быть способным к языкам, заботиться о детях, вести хозяйство, убирать квартиру, мыть посуду, ходить по магазинам, быть замужем, хорошо ладить с к-либо, иметь питомца


TASKS

I. Answer the questions:

1. What is your first name?

2. What is your family name?

3. How old are you?

4. Is your family large?

5. How large is your family?

6. What is your mother?

7. What does she look like?

8. What is your father?

9. What does he look like?

10. Do you get on well with your parents?

11, Do you have much in common with them?

12. What do you have different views with your parents on?

13. Do you have a brother or a sister?

14. Do you have a niece or a nephew?

15. Do you have many relatives?

16. W ho runs your house?

17. Do you help your parents with the housework?

18. Do you have grandparents?

19. Are they pensioners?

20. Do you have a pet?

II. Translate the sentences:

1. Наша семья не очень большая. Нас четверо: мама, папа, старшая сестра и я.

2. Моя мама симпатичная, стройная женщина среднего роста. У нее светлые

   Волосы. Она домохозяйка.

3. Мой папа высокий и широкоплечий. Он опытный юрист.

4. У меня хорошие отношения с родителями, потому что у нас много общего.

   Но у нас разные взгляды на одежду и музыку.

5. Моя мама ведет хозяйство. Но я помогаю ей убирать квартиру и мыть посуду.  

   Иногда я хожу в магазин.

6. Моя старшая сестра замужем. У нее своя семья. Ее муж программист. У них    

   сын. Он мой племянник. Племянницы у меня нет.

7. Я занимаюсь спортом, и говорят, что у меня есть способности к химии.

8. У нас есть любимец. Это большая и умная собака. Ее зовут Зус.

9. Мои бабушка и дедушка пенсионеры. Они живут в другом городе. Мы часто 

   навещаем их.   

III. Tell us some words about your family.  

MY WORKING DAY

I. Выучите следующие слова и выражения:

to enter the university  [entq]-  поступить в университет

alarm clock [qlRm] -  будильник

to wake up  -  просыпаться

to take a shower [SQuq] -  принимать душ

to get dressed  -  одеваться

cheese  -  сыр

sausage  [‘sLsiG]-  колбаса

to leave (left, left)  -  уходить, покидать

underground station  -  станция метро

It takes me … to …  -  мне нужно …, чтобы

favourite subject [‘feivqrit sAbGqkt] -  любимый предмет

to move [mHv]-  переезжать

to be hungry [‘hANri] -  быть голодным, хотеть есть

to do home assignment [qsQinmqnt] -  делать домашнее задание

hour [Quq] -  час

favourite  activities  [qktivitiz]-  любимое занатие

to look forward [‘fLwqd] -  с нетерпением ждать

II. Прочтите и переведите текст:

MY WORKING DAY

      This year I entered the Medical University. Now I am a first-year student. On weekdays the alarm clock wakes me up at 6.30. In ten minutes I get up and my working day begins. I go to the bathroom, take a shower and clean my teeth. After that  I go to my room and get dressed.

      My mother makes breakfast for me. Usually I have a cheese or sausage sandwich and a cup of coffee with cream.

      I leave the house at 7.30 and go to the nearest underground station. Sometimes I go by bus. It takes me 40 minutes to get to the university. Our classes begin at 8.20. Usually we have two or three lectures and practical classes. We study many subjects but human anatomy is my favourite one. It is very interesting but difficult. During the day we have to move from one block` to another. Usually I have lunch in a café but sometimes I have no time to have it.

      I come home at about 7 sometimes later. I am always very hungry. So first I have dinner and have a little rest. Then I do my home assignments. It takes me two or three hours. In the evening I watch TV or listen to music. And I go to bed at aboutn12. When I have free time my favourite activities are going to the movies or different parties or clubs with my friends or playing volleyball. But on my weekdays I am very busy. So I always look forward to Sundays to do the things like that.

TASKS

I. Answer the questions:

1. What are you?

2. When do you usually get up on weekdays?

3. What do you do in the morning?

4. Do you have breakfast?

5. What do you have for breakfast/

6. When do you leave the house?

7. How do you get to the university?

8. How long does it take you to get to the university?

9. When do your classes begin?

10. What is your favourite subject?

11. Where do you usually have lunch?

12. When do you come home?

13. What do you do in the evening?

14. How long does it take you to do your homework?

15. Do you have much free time?

16. What are your favourite activities when you have free time?

II. Tell us about your working day.

LESSON 2

Грамматика:  Present Simple, степени сравнения прилагательных и   

наречий, модальные глаголы

ENGLISH AND ITS ROLE

FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS

Запомните:

      Cуффикс ly образует наречия от основы прилагательных и существительных: bad-badly.

     -ic, -al  образуют прилагательные от основы существительных: base-basic.

     -er образует существительные от основы глаголов: to teach-teacher.

     -tion (-ssion, -sion), -ment, -ture  - суффиксы существительных

I. Прочтите и переведите:

  1. actively, mostly,  absolutely,  universally

2. official,  political, scientific, medical, special, professional,         еssential, natural

  3. speaker, provider, leader, manager

    4. organization, nation, information, introduction, profession,     obligation, decision

  5. treatment, achievement, development

  6. literature, nature, future

II. Прочтите следующие названия:

   Great Brirain [‘breit britn]

   The United States of America [jHnQitid]

   Australia [Ostreiljq]

   New Zealand [njHzJlqnd]

   Irish Republic [‘QiriS ripAblik]

   Canada [‘kxnqdq]

   South Africa [‘sQuT xfrikq]

   United Nations

III. Выучите произношение следующих слов и дайте их русские эквиваленты:

official [qfiSql], literature [‘litqritSq], specialist [‘speSqlist], universally [,jHnivWsqli], essential [IsenSl], natural [‘nxtSqrql],  process[‘prousqs], qualified [‘kwOlifQid], original [qriGqnl], profession  [prqfeSn], practice [‘prxktis]

IY. Выучите новые слова  и словосочетания:

Important [impLtqnt] -  важный, значительный

in the world  [wWld] -  в мире

native -  родной

to achieve  [qtSJv]-  достигать

exchange  [IkstSeinG]-  обмен

to promote  [prqmout]-  способствовать, обеспечивать

to develop  [divelqp]-  развивать, разрабатывать, появляться

updating  -модернизация

knowledge  [‘nLliG]- знание

foreign  [‘fOrin] - иностранный

language  [‘lxNgwiG] - язык

main - главный, основной

obligation  [,ObligeiSn] - обязанность

necessary  [‘nesisqri] - нужный, необходимый

education  [‘edjHkeiSn] - образование

    educated-образованный

according to  [qkLdiN]  -  согласно. в соответствии

skills - умения

community  [kqmjHniti] - сообщество

in order to-  (для того) чтобы

outlook-кругозор

to escape  [iskeip] - избегать

to discover  [diskAvq] - открывать,  обнаруживать

    discovery-открытие

particular  [pqtikjulq] - особый

scientist  [‘sQintist]  - ученый

    scientific  [,sQintifik] - научный

ability  [qbiliti] -  способность

by means of-  с  помощью, посредством

field  [fJld] - поле, область

V. Прочтите и переведите:

  important  [impLtqnt] -  important work, important subjects, important  

                      information,   important  skills, important discovery

   necessary [‘nesisqri] -  necessary knowledge, necessary instruments, necessary

                      outlook,  necessary analyses, absolutely necessary

   native [‘neitiv ] -  native country, native language, native people, native city,

               native speakers

   to achieve [qtSJv] -  to achieve results, to achieve success, to achieve

                     understanding,  great achievement

   to develop  [divelqp] -  to develop skills, to develop abilities, to develop new

                       methods, development of the  body, developed countries

   main  [mein] -  main obligation, main subjects, main problems, main tasks, mainly

   particular  [pqtikjulq] -  particular words, particular abilities, particular

                       achievements,  particularly, in particular

   in order to  [‘Ldq] - in order to develop skills, in order to achieve success, in order

                        to escape  problems, in order to make a discovery, in order to promote

                        updating

   by means of  [mJnz] -  by means of updating, by means of developing skills, by             

                          means of  important  discovery

 

VI. Переведите  следующие словосочетания на английский язык:

для тогo, чтобы  достичь важных результатов;  в соответствии с основной обязанностью;  особенно в области медицины;  образованные люди;  получить необходимые знания;  сделать важное открытие;  развивать необходимые умения; говорить на иностранном языке;  расширять кругозор;  в мире; достижения в области образования;  для того. чтобы избежать ошибок;  обмен научной информацией  

VII. Прочтите и переведите  предложения; обращая  внимание на форму       

сказуемого :

 1. The native speakers of English live in many countries.

 2. Over 300 million  people speak English.

 3. Exchange of scientific information promotes development of science and practice.

 4. Medical practice needs a constant updating.

 5. They have universally essential skills.

 6. It makes doctor’ outlook wider.

 7. Educated people play a full and active role in community.    

VIII. Раскройте скобки, употребив соответствующую форму глагола в  

 Present Simple:

  1. I (to study) at the Medical University.

  2. It (to help) you to make your outlook wider.

  3. Many people (to speak) English.

  4. This discovery (to promote) important information.

  5. My friend (to need) my help.

  6. The students (to work) hard to be good specialists.

  7. Scientific achievements (to play) an important role in our life.

  8. Education (to develop) person’s abilities and skills.

IX. Образуйте степени сравнения от следующих прилагательных  и   

наречий:

 important,  active, wide, many, small, necessary, bad, educated,  late, good,  much,                        

 difficult, little, well

X. Переведите следующие словосочетания на русский язык:

the most important in the world, more developed countries, wider development, mostly in practice, less educated people, more necessary knowledge, to make outlook wider, more than 300 million people, to know worst of all, the most qualified doctors, a little later, most of information , at least

XI. Прочтите и переведите предложения с модальными глаголами

 1.His sister can speak English well. 2. They must work hard. 3. I may come later.

4. They should read more. 5. Parents might visit their child in the hospital. 6. The

students could do a very difficult task. 7. He should pass the exam to get a stipend.

8. The surgeon can do such operations.

XII. Поставьте предложения из упражнения XI в отрицательную и

вопросительную  форму:

 

XIII. Вместо точек вставьте соответствующий модальный глагол

(can/could, may/might, must, should:

1. He … read texts in the original. 2. The patient’s condition was better and he …      

walk. 3. You …  not make so many mistakes. 4. I …  not come  to see you     

yesterday. 5. The  doctors …   diagnose diseases correctly. 6. Students … work hard

to be good  specialists. 7. The patient … not get up after operation. 8. I … not

translate the text  because  I had no dictionary. 9.  … I take your textbook? 10.  …

you help me  with  this exercise?

XIV.  Ответьте  на вопросы:  

1. Can you speak English well? 2. Must you work hard to be a good  specialist?

3. Could you  understand Latin  when you were  at school?  4. Should you read  more literature in  English? 5. May you be late for classes?  6. Must you know anatomy well?   7. Should you remember more medical terms?  8. Must  doctors  diagnose different diseases?  9. Can you read  English books in original? 10. May  the first-year students operate patients? 11. Can a foreign  language  make our outlook  wider?

XV. Прочтите и переведите текст:

ENGLISH AND ITS ROLE  FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS

    

                  Nowadays English is the most important language in the world. The native speakers of English live in Great Britain , the United States of America, Australia and New Zealand. English is one of the official languages  in the Irish Republic, Canada, the South Africa. English is one of the  official languages  of the United Nations and other political organizations. So over 300 million people  speak it.

                 Scientific and medical achievements break actively into life. Exchange of scientific information promotes wide development and introduction of science into practice in different countries. Half of the world’s scientific literature is in English.

       Among all professional activities, the medical practice mostly needs a constant updating of know-how. That’s why a good knowledge of foreign languages by medical students is the main obligation  of tomorrow’s  medical doctors. To know English today is absolutely necessary for every educated person, for every good specialist in medicine.

                  According to the WHO  doctors of tomorrow must be the “five-star doctors”. They must have universally essential skills: the care-provider, decision-maker, communicator, community leader and manager.

                 In order to achieve these, medical students should study and work hard. Life-long learning in medicine is a natural process. Qualified doctors must read a lot of special books and foreign medical journals in the original. It makes doctor’s outlook wider and helps him to escape  many mistakes, to develop ability to discover how to find important knowledge and information about a particular field of medicine, to develop ability to work  in real time. And by means of  learning and mastering  English they can play a full and active role in community and in profession.

TASKS

I. Analyze and find which word does not suit here:

1. a. Great Britain              b. Canada                 c. the WHO       d. the USA

2. a. study                           b. be                         c. speak             d. among

3. a. in                                 b. of                         c. range              d. about

4. a. updating                      b. medical                c. scientific        d. natural

5. a. leader                          b. full                        c. manager        d. provider

II. Complete the following  sentences:

1. English is the most important …

2. The native speakers of English  live in …

3. Over 300 million people …

4. Scientific and medical achievements …

5. According to the WHO doctors of tomorrow must …

6. Qualified doctors must read a lot  of …

7. To know English today is absolutely …

III. Answer the following questions:

1. What  language is the most important  language in the world?

2. Where do the native speakers of English live?

3. How many people speak English as their mother language?

4. Why is a good knowledge of foreign languages the main obligation of tomorrow’s

  doctors?

5. Should medical students study and work hard in order to achieve a good knowledge    

  of  English?

6. Can it increase their professional and intercultural outlook?

7. Do you like to study English?

IV. Learn  the following  forms of agreement and disagreement:

I agree (with you)-   я согласен (с вами)

I disagree –  я не согласен

You are (absolutely) right  -  вы (абсолютно) правы

You are wrong  -  вы неправы

You are mistaken –  вы ошибаетесь

I think so –  думаю, что так

I dont think so –  я так не думаю

I’m afraid –  боюсь  …

to  my mind –   по-моему

of course   

certainly              конечно, обязательно

sure

as far as I know -  насколько  мне известно

V. Express your agreement or disagreement using the forms from the exercise IV:

1. Nowadays English is the most important language in the world.

2. The native speakers of English  live only in England.

3. All world’s scientific  literature is in English.

4. To know English today  is necessary for every educated person.

5. In order to be a good specialist it is not necessary  to read special literature.

6. According to WHO  doctors of tomorrow must speak only their native language.

7. Learning and mastering  English help people  to play an active role in community.

VI. Read and translate the text:

There are some rules of memory. It is necessary to repeat the material every three days. If you don’t repeat the material within three days most of the information vanishes as if you never learnt it. It is better to memorize material before you go to bed. You will memorize it more quickly. It is very useful to listen to the material you are learning to memorize the pronunciation. One should also know that we get 90% of information by teaching others only 20% by listening and 30% by seeing.

VII. Express your opinion why it is important for you to study English.


LESSON
8

      Грамматика: порядок слов в утвердительных и вопросительных         

                             предложениях, пассивный залог (повторение)

THE NOVOSIBIRSK MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

I. Прочтите слова и дайте их русские эквиваленты:

medical [‘medikql], pediatric [,pJdiqetrik], stomatological [,stoumqtqlOGikql], bases [‘beisis], laboratory [lqbOrqtqri], morphological [,mLfOlOGikql],  academician  [q,kqedqmiSn], rector [‘rektq], assistant [qsistqnt], clinical [‘klinikql], human anatomy [‘hjHmqnqnqetqmi], histology [histOlqGi], microbiology [,mQikrqbQiOlqGi], chemistry [‘kemistri], physiology [fiziOlqGi], therapy [‘Terqpi], diagnosis [,dQiqgnousis], analyses [qnqelqsis], instruction [instrAkSn], sanatorium [,sqenqtLriqm]

II. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания:

to locate  [loukeit] - располагать, помещать

block  -   корпус

main  [mein] -  главный, основной

library  [‘lQibrqri] -  библиотека

dean  [dJn] -  декан

the head  [hed] -  заведующий

correspondent member  [,kOrispOndqnt] -  член.-корр.

assistant professor  [qsistqnt] -  доцент

to last  [lRst] -  длиться, продолжаться

subject  [‘sAbGqkt] -   предмет

to attend lectures [qtend] -  посещать лекции

dissecting room [disektiN] -  анатомка

to divide  [divQid] -  делить

term  [tWm] -  термин; семестр

to take credit tests [‘kredit] -  сдавать зачеты

obstetrics [Obstetriks] -  акушерство

practical classes  -  практические занятия

practical training  -   практика

nurse  [nWs] -  медсестра

maternity home [mqtWniti] -  род.дом

aim  [eim] -  цель

to carry out  [,kqeriQut]-  выполнять, проводить

to make diagnosis [,dQiqgnousis]

III. Переведите следующие словосочетания:

лечебный, педиатрический и стоматологический факультет; главный, лабораторный и морфологический корпус; различные больницы и клиники; большая библиотека; член.-корры и профессора; доктора и кандидаты медицинских наук; ректор университета; деканы факультетов; заведующий кафедрой; курс обучения; до-клинические и клинические предметы; посещать лекции и практические занятия; работать в анатомке; сдавать зачеты и экзамены; терапия, хирургия и акушерство; проходить практику; работать медсестрами; основная цель; ставить диагноз; лечить заболевания; проводить лабораторные анализы;  работать в различных медицинских учреждениях; проводить исследовательскую работу

IV. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. When was the Novosibirsk Medical University founded?

2. How many faculties are there at the University?

3. Who is the rector of the University?

4. Who is the dean of your department?

5. How many blocks are there in the University?

6. How long is the course of studies?

7. What pre-clinical subjects do the medical students study?

8. What are the main clinical subjects?

9. What do students take at the end of each term?

10. What medical institutions can students work after graduating from  the  

     University?

V. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в соответствующем времени и залоге:

 1. The Novosibirsk Medical Institute … (to found) in  1935.

2. There … (to be) only two faculties.

3. The University … (to locate) in three blocks.

4. The University … (to have) a big library.

5. The course of studies … (to last)  5-6 years.

6. The students … (to learn) pre-clinical subjects.

7. Students … (to attend) lectures and practical classes.

8. Human anatomy … (to study) organs of the human body.

9. The academic year … (to divide) into two terms.

10. Many postgraduates … (to carry out) research.

11. Next year students … (study) microbiology.

12. Anatomy …(study) at practical classes.

13. Students … (to work) hard in the dissecting room.

VI. Составьте предложения из данных слов:

1. 1978, was, stomatological, in, founded, faculty, the

2. in, faculties, nine, there, now, the, are, university

3. the, lasts, medical, faculties, six, course, years, in, of, studies, pediatric, the, and

4. attend, practical, lectures, and, have, students, classes

5. the, term, of, credit, exams, and, at, end, each, students, take, tests

6. graduating, different, institutions, can, after, from, the, university, students, work,

   in, medical

7. one, they, in, medicine, during, specialize, field, of, during, year

VII. Прочтите и переведите текст:

THE NOVOSIBIRSK MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

      The Novosibirsk Medical University was founded in 1935. It was an Institute then and there were only two faculties: medical and pediatric. The stomatological faculty was founded in 1978. Now at the University there are nine faculties and about ninety departments. The University is located in three blocks: the main block, the laboratory and the morphological ones. Many departments are on the bases of different hospitals and clinics. The University has a very big library. Several Academicians, correspondent members, many Doctors and Masters of Medicine  work on the staff of the University. The rector of the University, the deans of the faculties and the heads of the departments are professors and assistants professors.

      The course of studies lasts 6 years at the medical and pediatric faculties and 5 years at the stomatological one. During the first two years students learn the so-called pre-clinical subjects: human anatomy, histology, microbiology, chemistry, physiology, and many others. They attend lectures and have practical classes in classrooms and laboratories of the University. Human anatomy studies the orgqns of the human body. So to know anatomy well students have to work hsrd in the dissecting room.

      The academic year is divided into two terms.  At the end of  each term students take credit tests and exams. During the 5th and the 6th years students learn clinical subjects: therapy, surgery and obstetrics. During the course of studies students have practical training  in clinics , hospitals and polyclinics of our city. They work there as nurses and doctors assistants.

      The main aim of the Medical University is to teach the students to make diagnosis, to treat different diseases, and to carry out laboratory analyses. After final exams students have the internship. During one year they specialize in some field of medicine working under the instruction of skilled doctors and after graduating from the University they can work in various medical institutions such as clinics, hospitals, polyclinics, maternity homes, sanatoriums or they can carry out  research work or teach medical students at any department of the Medical University.

TASKS

I. Analyse and find which word does not suit here:

1. a. medical       b. morphological      c. pediatric          d. stomatological

2. a. chemistry    b. histology               c. physiology      d. therapy

3. a. library          b. hospital                 c. clinic               d. maternity home

4. a. rector            b. dean                      c. nurse               d. head of the department

5. a. make             b. treat                       c. disease            d. carry out

6. a. academic       b. department            c. practical          d. different

7. a. instruction     b. treatment                c. graduation      d. specialize

II. Match the two parts of the sentences:

    1. The Novosibirsk medical university …  1. are on the bases of different clinics.

    2. The academic year …                              2. work on the staff of the university.

3. The clinical subjects …                           3. studies the organs of the human body.

4. Many postgraduates …                            4. carry out research work.

5. Several academicians …                          5. take credit tests and exams.

6. The course of studies …                           6. was founded in 1935.

7. Many departments …                               7. is divided into two terms.

8. Students …                                               8. a very big library.

9. The university has …                               9. are therapy, surgery and obstetrics.

10. Human anatomy …                               10. lasts 6 years.

III. Make up questions to the underlined words:

1. The Novosibirsk medical university was founded in 1935.

2. Then there were only two faculties.

3. The university has a very big library.

4. The course of studies lasts 6 years.

5. Human anatomy studies the organs of the human body.

6. The students have to work hard in the dissecting room.

7. At the end of each term students take credit tests and exams.

8. During the 5-th and 6-th years students learn clinical subjects.

9. After final exams students have the internship.

10. Postgraduates can carry out research work.

IV. Complete the sentences:

1. The Novosibirsk medical university was founded …

2. There were only two faculties …

3. Many departments are located on the bases …

4. Several academicians, correspondent members and doctors of medicine work …

5. The course of studies lasts …

6.  During the first two years students learn …

7. During the 5-th and 6-th  years they learn …

8. During the course of studies students have …

9. The main aim of the medical university is …

10. After graduating from the university students can work …

V. Express your agreement or disagreement:

1. The Novosibirsk medical university was founded after the World War II.

2. Now there are three faculties at the university.

3. The university is located in three blocks but many departments are on the bases

    of different clinics and hospitals.

4. The course of studies lasts 5 years at all faculties.

5. From the first year students learn clinical subjects – therapy, surgery and

    obstetrics.

6. To know anatomy well students have to work hard in the dissecting room.

7. Students take credit tests and exams at the end of each term.

8. During the course of studies medical students have only practical classes but no

    practical training.

9.The main aim of the medical university is to teach students to carry out research    

   work.

10. After graduating from the university students can work only as teachers  at

     different departments of the university.

VI. Translate the following sentences:

 1. Когда был основан медицинский институт, в нем было только два

    факультета – лечебный и педиатрический.

2. Стоматологический факультет был основан в 1978 году.

3. В 2007 году Новосибирский медицинский институт стал университетом.

4. В штате университета работают академики, член.-корреспонденты  и

    доктора медицинских наук.

5. Основная цель медицинского университета – научить студентов ставить

    диагноз заболеваний, лечить людей и проводить лабораторные анализы.

6. В течение курса обучения студенты изучают доклинические и клинические

    предметы и проходят практику в различных больницах и поликлиниках

    города.

7. После окончания университета выпускники могут работать в различных

    медицинских  учреждениях, заниматься научной работой, а также

    преподавать на кафедрах университета.

VII. Make up a plan to the text:

VIII. Retell the text according to your plan:

LESSON 9

         Грамматика:  повторение пройденного материала

MY FUTURE PROFESSION

I. Прочтите следующие слова и дайте их русские эквиваленты:  

profession, really, symbol, theoretical, practitioner, diagnosis,  special, collection, associated, patient

II. Прочтите слова, определите их части речи и переведите :

different, knowledge, numerous, possibility, really, particular, confidence, famous, development, practitioner

III. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания:

on Earth  [WT] -  на земле

century  [‘senCqri] -  век

to try [trQi] -  пытаться, пробовать

snake  -  змея

to mean (meant [ment], meant)  -  означать, иметь в виду

wisdom  [‘wizdqm] -  мудрость

healing  -  излечение

enough [InAf] -  достаточный

to cure  [kjuq]-  лечить, вылечивать

to do ones best  -  делать все возможное

to gain one’s confidence  [‘kOnfidqns] -  завоевать доверие

to be associated [q,souSieitid] -  быть связанным

excellent  [eksilqnt] -  отличный

motto  [‘mOtou] -  девиз

IV.Переведите следующие словосочетания:

many professions on Earth, the most ancient, try to treat different diseases, snake giving its poison, wisdom and healing, not enough, difficult to cure a disease, to gain the patient’s confidence, the development of medicine is associated, excellent practitioner, motto of the life

V. Прочтите и переведите текст:

MY FUTURE PROFESSION

      There are many professions on Earth but profession of a doctor is the most ancient. Many centuries ago people tried to treat different diseases.

      Every year many young people who really care for medicine enter medical universities and become doctors.

      Everybody knows the symbol of medicine is the snake giving its poison  into the cup. It means wisdom and healing – the aim of medicine. To achieve this aim medical students must study well at the institute. Deep knowledge  of medicine will be necessary to them in their future work. They study numerous theoretical and special subjects. They have practical training working as nurses and assistant doctors. This course of studies helps them to gain much knowledge of medicine which will give them the possibility to diagnose different diseases and treat people.

      But professional knowledge is not enough to become a good doctor. A good doctor must have not only deep knowledge of a particular field of medicine such as surgery or therapy. He must love people and have a kind heart.

      Medical students must understand well all the difficulties of their future profession. They must remember that often it will be difficult to diagnose a disease but it will be more difficult to cure it. But a good doctor will always  do his best to gain the patient’s confidence.

      The development of medicine is associated with the names of Hippocrates, Avicenna, Asculepiades. Hippocrates lived in Greece B.C. He was an excellent practitioner and a teacher of medicine. He knew how to use many medicines and remedies and was a good surgeon. Hippocrates wrote more than 100 books known as Hippocratic Collection. This Collection begins with the famous oath “I shall enter any house for the good of the patient. I shall not do my patient any harm.” All medical students must know Hippocratic Oath. It must become the motto of their life.

TASKS

I. Complete the sentences according to the text:

1. Profession of a doctor  is …

2. Many centuries ago people tried to …

3. The symbol of medicine is …

4. This symbol means …

5. Medical students learn …

6. The course of studies will give medical students …

7. A good doctor must …

8. A good doctor will always do his best  …

9. The development of medicine is associated with …

10. Hippocratic Collection begins with …

II. Express your agreement or disagreement with the following statements:

1. Profession of a doctor is rather new.

2. The symbol of medicine is a red cross.

3. The aim of medicine is wisdom and healing.

4. Medical students have only practical classes.

5. Professional knowledge is enough to become a good doctor.

6. It is difficult to diagnose a disease  but very easy to cure it.

7. A good doctor must do his best to gain the patient’s confidence.

8. The development of medicine is associated only with the latest discoveries.

9. Hippocrates was an excellent practitioner and a teacher of medicine.

III. Answer the questions:

1. What is the most ancient profession on Earth and why?

2. What do young people who really care for medicine do?

3. What is the symbol of medicine?

4. What does it mean?

5. What do medical students do during the course of studies?

6. What possibility does this course of studies give them?

7. What must medical students understand well?

8. What must good doctors do to gain the patient’s confidence.

9. What is the development of medicine associated with?

10. What do you know about Hippocrates?

IV. Retell the text.  REVISION 

I. Раскройте скобки, употребив прилагательное или наречие в  соответствующей степени сравнения:

1. English is … (important) language in the world.

2. He has … (much) experience in therapy than in surgery.

3. The scientists made many … (remarkable) discoveries in treating diseases.

4. Physicians are … (responsible) for people’s  health than nurses.

5. Stone was … (ancient) material for surgical instruments.

6. The new department is much … (big) than the old one.

7. Latin is … (little) difficult for me than English.

8. Medical language consists of … (particular) medical terms.

9. Every doctor must have a … (kind) heart.

II. Задайте вопросы к подчеркнутым словам:

 1. Medical students learn numerous theoretical and special subjects.

2. Hippocratic Collection begins with the famous oath.

3. Students should study and work hard to be good doctors.

4. Nowadays English is the most important language in the world.

5. The first known surgical treatment was an operation called trepanation.

6. The Greek physician Galen performed operations on animals.

7. A new scientific spirit developed during Renaissance. 

8. Leonardo da Vinci made more than 750 drawings.

9. Pasteur was a brilliant French chemist.

10. To know English is absolutely necessary for every educated person.

III. Назовите сказуемое:

a. Simple Active  b. Simple Passive c. Continuous Active

1. improves                4. was performing               7. prevented

2. is divided               5. was translated                  8. are making

3. depend on              6. are connected                   9. will complete

IV. Прочтите и переведите предложения со сказуемыми в пассивном залоге:

1. The chief medical advances in Europe were the founding of hospitals and first

   university medical schools.

2. Ancient Chinese developed the practice of acupuncture.

3. Many internal diseases were treated by ancient doctors.

4. The proportion of young people entering universities is rising.

5. Galen is considered the founder of experimental medicine.

6. There are no very strict entrance examinations to most colleges in the USA.

7. Each faculty is headed by a professor.

8. This surgeon has made a unique operation on the heart.

V. Раскройте скобки, употребив сказуемое в соответствующем времени и залоге:

1. Ancient physicians … (to achieve) great success in treating many diseases.

2. The surgeon is busy. He …( to prepare) for the operation.

3. His idea … (to prove) by many discoveries in the field of immunology.

4. The next year students … (to attend) lectures in practical classes.

5. The academic year … (to divide) into two terms.

6. A method of treatment … (to depend) on the condition of health.

7. Hippocrates … (to be) both a good practitioner and a talented teacher.

8. The practice of acupuncture … (to develop) by ancient Chinese.

9. Yesterday from 9 to 12 the students … (to take) a credit test.

VI. Прочтите и переведите предложения, где причастие I и II являются определениями:

 1. Bukhara is located in the far South of Russia.

2. Avicenna turned his attention to medicine at the age of 17.

3. Discoveries made by ancient doctors are used in modern medicine.

4. The subjects the students are learning are very important for their future work.

5. The Egyptians had developed one of the world’s first civilization.

6. Qualified doctors must read a lot of special books and foreign  medical journals.

7. Edward Jenner discovered a safe method making people immune to smallpox.

8. Colleges give a specialized training.

9. To know English today is absolutely necessary for every educated person.

10. Pasteur proved that microbes are living organisms.

PAGE  7


 

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