Адміністративний та державний устрій США. The White House and Its Dwellers

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

We have been studying America for 4 months already. We have learnt about geographical and economical peculiarities of the USA, about emblems, state system, cities of the USA.



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Тума уроку:Адміністративний та державний устрій США.

Підтема: The White House and Its Dwellers

Цілі та задачі:

Формування мовної компетенції:

     - розвивати навики вживання лексики з теми «Білий дім. Президенти.»

Формування мовленнєвої компетенції:

  1.  практикувати в аудіюванні тексту « The White House»;
  2.  розвивати навики усного мовлення за темою «Президенти»;
  3.  розвивати навики читання тексту мовчки з виконанням завдання.

Формування стратегічної компетенції:

  1.  розширяти філологічний кругозір;
  2.  розвивати слухову память;
  3.  розвивати мовленнєву реакцію до участі у спілкуванні;
  4.  розвивати культуру мовлення

Формування соціологічної компетенції:

  1.  виховувати інтерес та дружні стосунки до англомовної країни;
  2.  виховувати повагу до керівників англомовної країни.

Обладнання: презентації « The White House», «America», «A. Lincoln», «G.Washington», пісні «America, The Beautiful», «Presidents».


Хід уроку

I Організаційний момент

T. Good morning.

Ch. Good morning.

T. Glad to see you.

Сh. Glad to see you.

T. We have been studying America for 4 months already. We have learnt about geographical and economical peculiarities of the USA, about emblems, state system, cities of the USA. And now I’d like you to tell me what does America mean for you. Express your image of America only in one word.

P.1 melting pot

P.2 skyscrapers

P.3 Statue of Liberty

P.4 stars and stripes

P.5 The White House

P.6 jeans

P.7 fast food

P.8 Cordillera

P.9 Yellowstone National Park


T. Thank you. Your imagination is very rich.

T: And now translate from Ukrainian into English and answer the questions! (працюють у режимі учитель – ученик – ученик Т – Р1 – Р2)

Т: Що є символом Америки?

Р1: What is the symbol of America?

Р2: The bald eagle is the symbol of America

Т: Де знаходиться статуя свободи?

Р3: Where is the Statue of Liberty?

P4: The Statue of Liberty is in New York City.

Т: Коли Американці  святкують  день Незалежності?

Р5: When do Americans celebrate the Independence Day?

P6: Americans celebrate the Independence Day on the 4th of July

Т: Ду самі високі хмарочоси в Америці?

P7: Where are  the highest skyscrapers located in America?

P8: The highest skyscrapers are in Chicago.

T: Скільки зірок і скільки смуг на Американському флазі?

P9: How many stars and stripes are there in the American flag?

P10: There are 50 stars and 13 stripes in the American flag.

T.  Americans love and proud of their motherland. They enjoy patriotic songs like “America The Beautiful”. While singing it they put their right hand on their hearts. You can hear this song at many important events. Let’s try to sing together “America, the Beautiful”.

Учні слухають пісню разом з презентацією видів Америки.

T. We have opened the door into America with the help of this song. So the theme of our lesson is The White House and its Dwellers.

The motto of the lesson today is

Nothing is impossible to a willing heart.

Can you give me the Ukrainian equivalent?

P. Той, хто бореться, той добиваеться цілі.

II Основна частина

T. You know that the presidents of the USA live and work in the White House. Listen to the text about the White House and then you will do some tasks. First of all look through these words.

Charred - обуглившийся          

Lobby - приймальна, вестибюль

Bust - бюст


The White House

The White House at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue is the home and office of every U.S. President except George Washington who laid the cornerstone in 1793. It is based on a design by James Hoban. In the White House the pressing business of government is being conducted. The White House is a museum of American history.

The White House is constructed of white sandstone.In 1814, the house was burnt by the British. Later the charred remains of the building were whitewashed. Since then the House has been always painted white.

 The White House has 132 rooms; 54 rooms on the second and the third floors are reserved for the First  Family, 5 of the rooms are open to the public. They are the Blue Room, the East Room, the Green Room, the Red Room and the State Dining room.

The Oval Office is the official office of the President of the United States. 

A million visitors go through the White House every year free of charge. Visitors are not allowed in the room where the president lives and works. But occasionally the president stops by to greet tourists in the public rooms.

Most visitors to the white house enter through the East Wing Lobby. They walk through the East Garden Room to the glass- enclosed colonnade that leads to the ground floor of the White House. The colonnade was constructed in 1902. Along the colonnade visitors have a view of the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden. A massive bronze bust of Abraham Lincoln rests in a wall niche. Beginning in 1994 sculpture exhibitions have been held in the Garden.

T. Your first task is to choose the words to complete the sentences.











  1.  The White House is the _________ government of the U.S.A.
  2.  The White House is the _________ and office of every U.S. President.
  3.  George Washington laid the _________ of the White House in 1793.
  4.  It is based on a _________ by James Hoban.
  5.  In the White House the pressing business of _________ is being conducted.
  6.  The White House is a museum of American _________.
  7.  The White House is constructed of white _________.
  8.  In 1814, the White House was burnt by the _________.
  9.  Later the charred remains of the building were _________.
  10.  Since then the House  has always been painted _________.

T. The next task is to  circle the correct letter.

  1.  The White House has a)132, b)123, c) 213 rooms.
  2.  a) 45, b) 54, c) 44 rooms on the upper floors are reserved for the First Family.
  3.  a) 5,  b) 15, c) 10 of the rooms are open to the public.
  4.  A million visitors go through the White House      a) free of charge, b) at their own charge.
  5.  Visitors are a) not  allowed, b) allowed in the rooms where the president lives and works.
  6.  Occasionally the President stops by to greet tourists in the a) public, b) his rooms.

T. The last task is  to connect two parts of the sentences.

T. As we know the Presidents of the USA live and work in the White House. Will you tell me who can be the President of the USA?

P. Only native-born U.S. citizens (or those born abroad, but only to parents who were both citizens of the U.S.) may be president of the United States.

P. One must also be at least 35 years of age to be president.

P. Finally, one must live in the United States for at least 14 years to be president, in addition to being a natural-born citizen.

P. You  become a President for a term. A term is four years. You can only serve two terms. This means that you can only be a president twice. This became law in 1951. Before that the law was different .In fact,  Franclin D. Roosevelt became a president in 1933. He was still a president when he died in 1945. He was a president for twelve years. No one was a president longer than he was.

As a president of the USA, you earn 200000$ a year. You have your own limousine, a jet, and housekeepers, all free. You also live rent free, in the White House in Washington, DC. You are a head of the richest country in the world.

Presidents of the United States are very different people, twenty- two were lawyers, four soldiers, farmers, four teachers, two writers, two businessmen, one engineer, one tailor, and one actor. Eight of them did not have a college education.

T. Do you know that there is a holiday dedicated to the presidents? In February, Americans celebrate President’s Day, which honors the birthdays of George Washington, Abraham Lincoln and all other past presidents of the United State. Two of America’s greatest leaders, G. Washington and A. Lincoln, were born in February. Until the 1970s, there were two holidays celebrated in the USA: George Washington’s birthday (February 22), and Abraham Lincoln’s birthday (February 12).

In 1971, President Richard Nixon decided that one celebration would do and changed it into one federal holiday called President’s Day.

Today we honor two great American Presidents: Abraham Lincoln, remembered for his belief in democracy and equality of all men, and George Washington, known as the “Father of his country”.

P. George Washington was born on February 22, 1732. When he was born, America was not a country yet. It belonged to England, a country across the ocean. People in America didn’t want to belong to England so they fought a war to become a separate country. G. Washington was an American general in the war. America won the war and picked a new name for itself: the United States of America. G. Washington was elected to be its first president.

A legend is told about Washington as a boy. Young George had a new hatchet and with it he cut down a small cherry tree. When his father saw the tree, he was angry and asked George who had done it. The boy told the truth. Washington’s father was proud of his son for telling the truth.

One time there was a little boy

Who had a little hatchet.

He looked and looked around to find

A little tree to catch it.

At last he spied a cherry tree.

His father’s pride and joy,

He chopped it down, right to the ground.

My! What a naughty boy!

And then he heard an angry voice.

It sounded like a cymbal.

George knew he was in trouble great

And he began to tremble.

“Who cut this tree, my son did you?”

His father asked the question.

”Yes, it was I. I cannot lie.

I cut it with my hatchet!”

P. Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12 in 1809. When Abe was a boy, he lived in a log cabin. A log cabin is a small house made out of logs cut from trees. His father cut down the trees and made the cabin.

There were no electric lights in the cabin because electricity hadn’t been invented yet. So young Abe read books by firelight. Abe’s family was poor. Often he went barefoot because he didn’t have any shoes.

When A. Lincoln grew up, he studied hard and became a lawyer. Then he was elected to be a law- maker. In 1861, A. Lincoln became the 16th President of the United States.

During his presidency, A. Lincoln received several death threats. He usually traveled without a guard because he thought that a president shouldn’t be shielded from the public. Lincoln was assassinated while talking to the public at the Ford Theatre. It happened in 1865.

Abraham Lincoln, I’ve been thinking  Abraham Lincoln, I’ve been thinking

How you taught yourself the law.              How you bravely led the land.

Every book around you took               Once divided, now united

And read like no one ever saw.                      You made sure our house would stand.

T. There are different ways how the Americans honor their Presidents.. G. Washington is still the only president to have a state named after him. The nation’s capital, Washington, D.C., also has his name. There are cities, towns, streets, schools, bridges, and parks named after both President Lincoln and President Washington.

Both have famous memorials in Washington, D.C. Their portraits also appear on postage stamps, bills, and coins. Their houses  have been made into museums. Americans like to sing songs about their presidents on President’s Day. Listen to one of them and then you’ll answer my questions.

Sinkin-опускатись       log-деревина        frilly-розкрашений, вичурний

T.Whom  do the Americans remember in this song?

P They remember G. Washington and A. Lincoln.

T. How do they call them?

P. They call Washington “the father of the country”

and Lincoln “honest ABE”.

T. Where can we see their faces?

P. Washington’s face is on a quarter and $1 bill. Lincoln’s face is on a penny and $ 5 bill.

T What is named after G. Washington?

P The capital-city.

T. Where did Lincoln live?

P. He lived in a log cabin.

T. One of you will be A. Lincoln and one  will be G. Washington. The others can ask them any questions.

P1. What was your  favourite kind of sports?

P2.My favourite kinds of sports were wrestling and weight lifting.

P3. How did you help at home?

P2. I dug wells, built pigpens, chopped down trees and split fence rails.

P4. How did you educate yourself?

P2. I educated myself by reading borrowed books and newspapers.

P5. Why did you grow a beard?

P2 I did it after a young girl suggested it.

P6.When was the beginning of your political career?

P2. In 1834 I won election to the Illinois State Legislature.

P1.Where did you study?

P2. I learned most of my lessons at home from my father. My elder brother also taught me.

P3.What did you do during the French and Indian war?

P2. I served as an officer in Virginia’s colonial army.

P4. Did you like farming?

P2. I was eager to learn about farming. I studied books on growing crops and tried new farming methods.

P5. How did you build an army?

P2. I improved discipline and the Congress offered money to new recruits so they would enlist for longer terms.

P6. What did you warn against in your farewell speech to the country?

P2. I warned against the danger of political parties and against getting tangled in the troubles of foreign countries.

T. One of the way to honor the Presidents  is Mount Rushmore.  You have hand-outs with the text. Scan the text in 3 min. and find the information to the questions:

Mount Rushmore

Mount Rushmore is 6,200-foot mountain in the state of South Dakota. The faces of four American presidents-George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt- are carved into the mountain. These faces, known as the Mount Rushmore National Memorial, are the largest carved figures in the world.

The memorial is the work of the sculptor Gutzon Borglum. The state of South Dakota chose Borglum for the job because he was famous for huge statues. But, even for Borglum, this memorial was a challenge.

Borglum began his work in 1927.The only way to get up the mountain was on foot or on horseback. And Borglum and his helpers had to make the trip hundreds of time just to bring up the equipment they needed.

Borglum had prepared a smaller model of the faces. Points were measured on the model, and then transferred to the mountain to show where to remove rock and how much rock to remove. Workers then used drills and dynamite to remove rock and create the faces. This work was, of course difficult and dangerous, especially in the cold weather.

The Mount Rushmore Memorial took 14 years to complete. Borglum died shortly before it was done. His son finished the work. Finally, in 1942, the memorial was opened to the public. People were amazed. The faces of the presidents looked so real, and they were about sixty feet high- as high as a five- story building.

T. Now, please answer the questions above the text.

  1.  What is Mount Rushmore?
  2.  How many presidents are carved into the mountain?
  3.  Who was the sculptor?
  4.  How long  did it take to complete this memorial?
  5.  Who finished the work?
  6.  How high are the faces of the presidents?

  1.  Now I want you to guess who he is. I have a portrait of a very famous person. Ask me different questions, in order to guess. Your questions must be of different types. (Yes/No questions. Alternative questions, and etc..)

P1 Is this person  a man or a woman?

T. He is a man.

P2 Is he Ukrainian or not?

T. He is not Ukrainian.

P3 How old is he?

T.He is 50.

P4 Where does he live?

T. He lives in America.

P5 Is he a president?

T. Yes, he is.

P6 His name is Barak Obama, isn’t he?

T. Yes, he is. He is a present-day president of the USA. For the next lesson you will prepare the information about him.

Now read the text. Choose the correct answer. Write your answers on the separate sheets of paper.


Barack Obama is the new President (0) D the United States of America. He is the first African American to win the (1) ____ for the White House. Obama’s charisma, the intelligence, and powerful speeches have made him extremely (2)____ with many Americans. He has been very successful with his message for change.

Obama was born in Hawaii in 1961 to a black Kenyan father and white American mother. His parents (3)____ and his mother married an Indonesian man. Barack’s family (4) ___ to Indonesia in 1967. He (5) ____ schools in Jakarta until he was ten years old, when he returned to Hawaii. Obama (6) ____ in political science and international relations at Columbia University in New York.

(7) ____ four years in New York, Obama moved to Chicago. There, he worked as the director of a community project from 1985 to 1988. He (8) ____ Harvard Law school and became the first black president of the Harvard Law Review. Obama (9) ____ law at the University of Chicago Law School for twelve years. He became an Illinois Senator in 1996.

Obama was elected to the U.S. (10) ____ in 2004. He became the fifth African-American Senator in the U. S. history. He supported legislation on conservation, energy, immigration and honest leadership. In November, 2008, he (11) ____ John McCain to become America’s 44th President in a very hard-fought campaign battle.
























































House of Commons

House of  Lords


Supreme Council






III Заключна частина

T. Let’s make a conclusion. What have you learnt at the lesson?

P. We have learnt about the White House and its presidents and how Americans honor their presidents.

T. Thank you everybody. The lesson is over. Goodbye.


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