Grammar in Use

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

Цели: расширение грамматических навыков по теме Present Tenses. образовательная: освежить и углубить знания учащихся по употреблению времён группы развивающая: закрепиnь и автоматизировать правильное использование времён группы Present



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Развёрнутый конспект урока английского языка в 10 классе

по учебнику О.В. Афанасьевой, Дж. Дули, И.В. Михеевой, В. Эванс «Spotlight. Английский язык. 10 класс».

Урок проведён 11 сентября 2012 года.

Тема урока: Grammar in Use (Module 1, 1c).

Цели: расширение грамматических навыков по теме Present Tenses.

- образовательная: освежить и углубить знания учащихся по употреблению времён группы

- развивающая: закрепиnь и автоматизировать правильное использование времён группы Present

- воспитательная: формирование социально активной личности.


  1. повторить глагольные времена группы Present;
  2. тренировать учащихся в употреблении конструкций с «подчинёнными» предлогами;

Лексический материал: dependent prepositions.

Грамматический материал: present tenses, adverbs of frequance.

Оборудование: учебник, доска, таблица «Tenses of English verb».

Оформление доски:

The 11th of September


Present tenses


Ex. 1 – 5, pp. 166 - 167


Present Simple

Present Continuous

Present Perfect

Present Perfect Continuous

V1 – Vs

be + Ving


+ V3






I have written the letter.

I have been writing the letter for an hour.


I write letters every day.

I am writing a letter (at the present moment)

Я пишу письма каждый день.

Я пишу письмо (в данный момент).

Я (уже) написал писмо (к данному моменту).

Я пишу письмо (уже) час.

I love films.

How often do you go swimming? Not very often. I usually go swimming twice a month.

План урока:

  1. Организационный момент. Целевая установка. – 3 мин.
  2. Контроль домашнего задания. – 8 мин.
  3. Введение грамматического материала. – 15 мин.
  4. Первичное закрепление гамматического материала. – 12 мин.
  5. Формирование речевого навыка. – 4 мин
  6. Объяснение домашнего задания. – 2 мин.
  7. Подведение итогов урока – 1 мин.

Итого: 45 минут.

Ход урока.

Этапы урока

Деятельность учителя

Деятельность учащихся




  1. Организация класса на работу, целевая установка.

Good morning children. I` m your new English teacher for the next three weeks. My name is YI.

How are you today?

Now I see that everybody is ready for the lesson and we can start it.

Today we are going to extend your knowledge of Present Tenses.

  1.  Good morning

  1.  We are fine.
  1. Контроль домашнего задания.

For today you were to learn the dialogue on page 12. Any volunteers? (Well, let`s do it alphabetically). Will you act the part of Laura/Kim? And now change roles.

Дети рассказывают диалог наизусть, а затем меняются ролями.

  1. Введение грамматического материала.

Now let`s look at the blackboard. You can remember that there are 4 subgroupsof the Present Tenses. Can you enumerate them? Right!

Can you remember the formation of the Present  Simple? (The form of the present simple verb is an infinitive without particle “to”. It only changes in the third person singular (after he, she, it) when the inflection ‘-s’ is added to the base form). And what about its` usage? You may use Grammar reference section for answering.

Well done! How we can form the Present Continuous tense? When do we use it?

Right. And who may enumerate the verbs do not usually have a continuous form?

And what about Present Perfect tense? Haw does it forms? What is its` usage?

And we are at the finish line. The last tense of this group is …

  1.  Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous.
  2. Ответы учащихся.

Дети перечисляют:

  1.  Daily routine;
  2.  repeated actions;
  3.  habits;
  4.  reviews/sport commentaries/dramatic narrative;
  5.  timetables/programmes (future meaning).
  6.  in exclamatory sentences;
  7.  permanent states.
  8.  The Present Continuous is formed with the help of the auxiliary verb ‘be’ in the present and participle I (base form + inflection –ing)

We use it describing:

  1.  actions, which`s happening now, at the moment of speaking;
  2.  actions happening around the time of speaking;
  3.  fixed arrangements in the near future, esp. when we know the time and the place;
  4.  temporary situations;
  5.  changing or developing situations;
  6.  frequently repeated actions with always, constantly, continually expressing annoyance or criticism.

Учащиеся перечисляют глаголы: have, like, love, hate, want, know, remember, forget, etc.

  1.  We form this tense with the help of present tense of “have” + past participle of the main verb. We usually use it to talk about:
  2.  actions which started in the past and continue up to the present;
  3.  a past action which has a visible result in the present;
  4.  actions which happened at an unstarted time in the past; the action is more important than the time;
  5.  with ‘today’, ‘this morning/afternoon/week’, ‘so far’, etc. when these periods of time are not finished at a time of speaking;
  6.  for resently completed actions;
  7.  for personal changes which have happened;
  8.  to put emphasis on a number

  1.  … Present Perfect Continuous. It forms with the help of present tense of “have” + been + main verb with –ing ending. We use it for:
  2.  putting emphasis on the duration of an action which started in the past and continues up to the present;
  3.  an action which started in the past and lasted for some time;
  4.  expressing anger, irritation, annoyance, criticism;
  5.  repeated actions in the past continuing to the present
  1. Первичное закрепление грамматического навыка.

Please, do ex.1a individually and then check your answers with the class. You can refer to the Grammar Reference section if you require further assistance.

So, the time is up. Let`s check your answers.

And now, please, do ex. 1 b.

(Write on the board:I love films. Underline the verb). Does this verb describe an action or a state?

Can I say: I’m liking pop music?

The verb ‘like’ is a stative verb and doesn’t have a

continuous form. Can you think of other stative verbs  (love, hate, forget, want,

etc). You may use the Grammar Reference

section for more details.

Elicit how the meaning of the verb changes

when used in the continuous form. Please, can you

find examples in Ex. 1a?

(Write on the board):

  1.  How often do you go swimming? Not very often. I usually go swimming twice a month.

(Underline the time words and elicit their meaning and use).

Now open your books. Let`s do the exsersise 2, page 14. You should use always, usually... in your questions and answers. Please, complete the task in pairs.

For doing the next exersice you should remember that we use for to talk about a period of time—5 minutes, 2 weeks, 6 years.

We use since to talk about a point in past time—9 o'clock, 1st January, Monday. Now, please, do the ex. 3, p. 14.

Well done! Who knows the difference between been and gone?

Let`s do the exersice 4 for the best memory of this difference.

Наречие yet используется не только в отрицательных предложениях в значении "еще", но и в вопросах в значении "уже". Наречие already в вопросах передает удивление и означает не "уже", а "неужели... уже".

Смысловое различие между наречиями yet и already исчезает при появлении в вопросе отрицания. Haven't you seen him already? и Haven't you seen him yet? означают одно и то же Haven't you by this time seen him?

   В повествовательных предложениях, как и в вопросах без отрицания, already употребляется, когда нужно показать, что что-то произошло раньше, чем ожидалось, или раньше, чем оно могло бы произойти. 

Do the ex. 5, p. 14

Учащиеся выполняют ex. 1, p. 14 индивидуально.

Students answers:

  1.  A: Are you doing (Pr. Cont.)

B: don’t think (Pr. S.), am staying (Pr. Cont.), Are you going (Pr. Cont.).

  1.  A: has he known (Pr. Perf.)
  2.  A: has forgotten (Pr. Perf.)
  3.  A: Have you read (Pr. Perf.)

B: am reading (Pr. Cont.)

  1.  B: starts (Pr. S.)
  2.  A: are you doing (Pr. Cont.)

B: are thinking (Pr. Cont.)

  1.  A: has been getting (Pr. Perf. Cont.)

B: know (Pr. S.), is getting (Pr. Cont.)

  1.  A: Do you like (Pr. S.)

B: have been (Pr. Perf.)

  1.  A: are you doing (Pr. Cont.)

B: am tasting (Pr. Cont.)

  1.  A: smells (Pr. S.)

B: don’t you open (Pr. S.)

present simple: present state (think, smells) and timetable (starts);

present perfect simple: state that exists from a point in the past up to now (has known, have been), recent action (has

forgotten), experience (have you read)

present perfect continuous: (has been getting) an action that started in the past and is still continuing (with emphasis on the intensity of the action).

  1.  A state.

  1.  No.

  1.  stative verbs: think, forget, know, taste, smell
  2.  continuous form: thinking ― means having the intention to do sth; tasting ― having a taste of it to see if it is good.

Учащиеся разыгрывают получившиеся и них варианты перед классом.

A: How often do you surf the Net?

B: Not often. I sometimes surf the Net at weekends. How about you?

A: I often surf the Net.

B: Really? How often do you go clubbing?

A: Oh, I never go clubbing. I don’t like dancing.

I haven’t been to the beach since last summer.

I haven’t seen my grandparents for a month.

I haven’t written to my pen-friend since last


Been используется в значении "был", "ездил", "посещал", и т.д. Используется в значении "go", когда действие уже было завершено.

Gone используется в значении "уехал", "ушел", "отбыл", и т.д.

1 gone

2 been

3 gone

4 been

  1.  B: … had lunch yet?
  2.  A: Yes, she had a sandwich. Has she done the shopping yet?
  3.  B: No, she hasn’t done the shopping yet. Has she fixed her bike yet?
  4.  A: Yes, she has already fixed it. Has she done her housework yet?
  5.  B: No, she hasn’t done it yet. She’s been too busy.
  1. Формирование речевого навыка

And now you should make your own list of things to do. Please, work in pairs.

Then  swap papers with your partners and ask each other questions about what they have done/haven’t done yet.

Ответы учащихся.

  1. Объяснение домашнего задания

Good work. As for your hometask… Please, for the next time do exersices 1 – 5 on pages 166 – 167. In ex. 1 - 4 you should put the verb in the suitable tense form. The exersice. In the fifth one you should paraphrase the first sentense and write it in the second one.

Учащиеся записывают задание в дневники.

  1. Подведение итогов урока.

And now our time is up. let`s finish our lesson (Выставление оценок за урок). See you on Friday.

Учитель английского языка: ________________________ (О.К. Тёмкина)

Групповой руководитель: __________________________ (Л.Д. Орданьян)


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