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Педагогика и дидактика

To ask repeatedly; to ease suffering; to gain firsthand experience; to be a volunteer; to deliver to the emergency room; to intend to become a doctor; obliging and grateful patients; a glamorous job; infirm patients; the cause of his death...



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                                           Unit 1. Higher Medical Education.

Lesson 1.  I AM A STUDENT.

Simple Tenses

  1.  Answer the questions:

  1.  What is your name?
  2.  Where are you from?
  3.  What do you do?
  4.  Where do you study?
  5.  What are you interested in?
  6.  What is your hobby?
  7.  What school did you graduate from?
  8.  What subjects did you like at school? Why?
  9.  What languages do you speak?
  10.  Are your friends students too?
  11.  Where do your friends study?

  1.  Where do you live?
  2.  Do you live at home with your parents or in a hostel/dormitory?
  3.  Do you like being a student? Why?
  4.  Why do you want to become a doctor?
  5.  What does the word “university”  mean?
  6.  What does the word “student”  mean?
  7.  What is “a people person”?
  8.  Must a doctor be a people person?

  1.  Active Vocabulary

vocation [veuˈkeɪʃən]- покликання; схильність (до чогось - for) ; професія

suit [sju:t ]-  підходити

vulnerable [ˈvʌlnərəbl] - уразливий

alongside [əˈlɔŋˈsaɪd] - поруч з, разом з

genuinedʒenjuɪn] - справжній, істинний

rewarding [rɪˈwɔ:dɪŋ] - вартий, корисний

cause [kɔ:z] - причина

treat [tri:t] - лікувати

eventually [ɪˈventʃuəlɪ] - зрештою

infirm [infə:m] - немічний

glamorousglæmərəs] - привабливий

obliging [əˈblaɪdʒɪŋ] - люб'язний

grateful [ˈgreɪtfʊl] - вдячний

repeatedly [rɪˈpi:tɪdlɪ] - неодноразово

assistance [əˈsɪstəs] - допомога, сприяння

physician [fɪˈzɪʃən] – лікар, терапевт

headachehɛdˌeɪk] - головний біль

ease [iːz] - полегшувати; звільняти (від)

sufferingsʌfərɪŋ] - страждання

firsthand experience  - досвід з перших рук

volunteervɒlənˈtɪə] - доброволець, волонтер

emergency room [ɪˈmɜːdʒənsɪ rum] - реанімація

backgroundbækˌgraʊnd]- походження

healthcare [‘helθkɛə] - охорона здоров'я

intend [ɪnˈtɛnd] - мати намір; збиратися

  1.  Translate the following word combinations into your language:

To ask repeatedly; to ease suffering; to gain firsthand experience; to be a volunteer; to deliver to the emergency room; to intend to become a doctor; obliging and grateful patients; a glamorous job; infirm patients; the cause of his death; to treat a patient; intellectually rewarding; to render assistance; to be a people person; volunteer experience; people of all different races, ages, backgrounds, and cultures; improve healthcare ; repeatedly require the assistance of physicians; a genuine interest.

  1.  Read what two British medical students say about their choice of medical career:

 Stuart, 3rd year medical student, Manchester

It was always a childhood dream to become a doctor. I chose to study medicine because it seemed like a vocation that suited my personality.  I think it's a great privilege to be able to help people when they're most vulnerable.                                                                     

Alongside this, I've always had a genuine interest in health and the causes of ill health, so I knew I'd find medicine intellectually rewarding.  I'm a people person, so I knew that I would enjoy working as part of a team with lots of other professionals to treat patients. I'm really happy to be studying medicine and I'm excited to eventually practice as a doctor, but medicine isn't for everyone.  Caring for the infirm is rarely glamorous and patients aren't always obliging and grateful - the decision to become a doctor has to be your own. 

Good luck with your future career!

Catherine, 4th year medical student, Aberdeen

My earliest impression of medicine occurred when my mother repeatedly required the assistance of physicians in dealing with her chronic migraine headaches. Her doctors were always there for her, day or night. The respect that my parents had to doctors, and the doctors' ability to ease suffering, sparked a desire to one day become a physician myself. I also had the chance to gain some firsthand experience in the medical profession when I volunteered for over a year in the emergency room of a regional hospital. From my volunteer experience, I learned the importance of organization and effective communication skills. I think doctors should be able to serve people of all different races, ages, backgrounds, and cultures. I strongly believe that the ultimate goal of any physician is  to  improve healthcare on a local, national and inter-national level. I intend to use my skills and  experience to become a good doctor.

  1.  Pay attention to the use of prepositions:
  2.  “…I've always had a genuine interest in health and the causes of ill health…”  - have an interest in something – цікавитись чимось
  3.  “Caring for the infirm is rarely glamorous …” – care for somebody or something – дбати про когось (або про щось)
  4.  “My earliest impression of medicine occurred …” – impression of something or somebody  - враження, ( уявлення, поняття) про щось або когось
  5.  “The respect that my parents had to doctors…” – have respect to somebody – мати повагу до когось
  6.  “…the causes of ill health…”- причини поганого здоровя, “…part of a team …”- частина команди, “…in the emergency room of a regional hospital…”- в реанімації місцевого шпиталю, “…the importance of organization …”- важливість організації прийменник of вживається щоб передати український родовий відмінок
  7.  Answer the questions:
  8.  Who volunteered for over a year in the emergency room of a regional hospital?
  9.  Does Stuart think that being a doctor is a glamorous occupation?
  10.  What does Stuart have a genuine interest in?
  11.  What sparked a desire to become a physician in Catherine?
  12.  What kind of firsthand experience in medicine did Catherine have?
  13.  What did Catherine learn from her volenteer experience?
  14.  What does Catherine believe the ultimate goal of any physician is?

  1.  Find the equivalents of the following word combinations in the texts:

Здатність лікарів полегшити страждання, дитяча мрія, потребувати допомоги лікарів, найбільш уразливий, повага до лікарів, доглядати немічних, частина команди, реанімація, працювати волонтером,  причини поганого здоров’я, первинна мета кожного лікаря, обласна лікарня, запалити бажання, бути завжди готовим прийти на допомогу,  самі ранні враження, люб’язні та вдячливі пацієнти, уміння ефективно спілкуватися, лікувати хворих.

  1.  Fill in the gaps with proper words or word combinations from the texts:

  1.  Caring for the … is rarely glamorous.
  2.  I … to use my skills and  experience to become a good doctor.
  3.  I chose to study medicine because it seemed like a … that suited my personality.
  4.  I've always had a … in health and the causes of ill health.
  5.  I think it's a great privilege to be able to help people when they're most …
  6.  .Her doctors were always … , day or night.  
  7.  The ultimate goal of any physician should be to continuously improve … on a local, national and inter-national level.
  8.  I also had a chance to gain some …  in the medical profession.
  9.  .  I'm a …, so I knew that I would enjoy working as part of a team with lots of other professionals to treat patients.
  10.  From my … experience, I learned the importance of organization and effective communication skills.

  1.  Find the words or word combinations in the text , which mean the following:

  1.  thankful for something
  2.  the section of a hospital for providing rapid treatment to victims of sudden illness or trauma
  3.  weak in health or body, esp from old age
  4.  capable of being physically or emotionally wounded or hurt
  5.  not fake ; original; real;
  6.  giving personal satisfaction; gratifying
  7.  pain in the head
  8.  help; support

  1.  Fill in the gaps with the proper form of the verb “to be”:
  2.  Ann …in class 10 minutes ago.
  3.  We …in class now.
  4.  They … at home tonight.
  5.  John …(not) in Odessa next summer.
  6.  Her parents …(not) at home last night.
  7.  Our classes…(not) boring.
  8.  … he at work now?
  9.  Where … they at 4p.m.?
  10.  Who … here tomorrow?
  11.  When … you busy?
  12.  How old …her father at that time?
  13.  Where … your friends now?
  14.  Who …in London 5 years ago?

  1.  Catherine Bennet is a 4th year medical student at Aberdeen  University. She is studying to become a physician. Her father, Mr. Bennet is a surgeon at a regional hospital. Catherine’s brother Oliver is 15, he is still at school, but he wants to become a surgeon like his father.

8.1) Put the verbs in brackets into the correct forms using Present, Past or Future Simple.

a) Oliver …(study) medicine after he graduates from school.

b) Mr. Bennet …(treat) his patients with great care.

c) Catherine … (like) Chemistry and Biology when she was at school.

d) Oliver …(not want) to become a physician.

e) Catherine …(not study) in 5 years’ time.

f) Mr. Bennet …(not live) at home with his parents when he was a student.

8.2)  Complete the questions about the Bennets with suitable auxiliary verbs and answer them:

a) … Mr. Bennet study medicine next year?  -  ………………………..

b) … Catherine want to become a surgeon like her father? -  ………………………

c) … Oliver go to school last year?  -  ………………………………

d) Where … Oliver’s sister study? -  ………………………………….

e) What … Catherine do after she graduates from the university? -  …………………………

f) What … Catherine’s father study at university? - …………………………………………...

  1.  Complete the dialogue between Catherine and her brother Oliver with the sentences from the box:
  1.  I do!
  2.   What about your classes?
  3.  You still have 3 years before your A-levels.
  4.  We were in the hospital, talked to patients about their complaints, examined them, wrote case histories, tried to make diagnosis and then discussed it with our tutor.
  5.  I hated Chemistry with the new teacher Mrs. Todson yesterday, I nearly fell asleep at her class, and now I don’t understand how to do the hometask!
  6.  You will have lots and lots of classes before that!

Catherine: How was your  day at school Oli?

Oliver: It was Ok, thanks, Cathy___________________________________________

Catherine: Well, we didn’t really have any classes today. _______________________

Oliver: Wow! Lucky you! I wish I were already a 4th year student at a medical school!

Catherine: Come on, Oli! _________________________________________________

Oliver: Yeah…unfortunately, and most of them are so boring and hard. _____________

Catherine: Hey, Oli, Chemistry is a very important subject for a future doctor, and you will take one of your A-levels in Chemistry, don’t you remember that?

Oliver: _________________________________ And it makes me feel even more upset. 

Cathereine: Ok, don’t worry! _____________________ Let’s have something to eat now and then I’ll see if I can help you with your Chemistry.

  1.  Put questions to the underlined words:

  1.  These students have 3-4 classes every day.
  2.  We will study Anatomy next year too.
  3.  Her parents came to see her last Saturday.
  4.  Alison decided to study medicine because she wants to help people.
  5.  His sister wants to study languages.
  6.  Bob lived in a hostel when he was a student.
  7.  They had two English classes last week.
  8.  Mary will meet her friends at the weekend.

  1.  Fill the gaps with necessary prepositions:

  1.  I think, he doesn’t really understand the importance … the problem.
  2.  Don’t worry! We will take your son to the hospital and doctors will care … him there.
  3.  The ultimate goal … any physician is to  improve healthcare on a local, national and inter-national level.
  4.  He had a genuine interest … science when he was at school.
  5.  Her parents have respect … her own decisions.
  6.  It’s very difficult for him to work as a part … a team.
  7.  My first impression … our new neighbours was horrible.

  1.  Complete the following text with the words from the box:

to put together ; really enjoy ; chose ; to stay ;  to integrate ; apply; to suggest

Rachel, 3rd year medical student, Edinburgh

“Why medicine? I love science, and I love a challenge. I also … working with and understanding people. I … medicine because it offered me the opportunity … these interests and … them in a very practical profession. From examining patients to treating them, its not just about memorising information, medicine is very much about applied skills*.  I'm now in my third year and I find it hugely rewarding … all the pieces of the puzzle- the history elicited** with good communication skills, the knowledge of human biology and the findings from examination and investigations … a diagnosis . Medicine is my second degree and the decision … a student for another 5 years when my friends were all in gainful employment*** wasn't an easy one. But it was the right one for me.”

*applied skills – прикладні уміння

**elicit – витягти, добитися

***gainful employment – вигідна,прибуткова робота

  1.  Translate into English:
  2.  Я не думаю, що ця робота підходить тобі.
  3.  Ці ліки полегшать його страждання.
  4.  Коли його бабуся була хвора, вона неодноразово потребувала лікарської допомоги.
  5.  Яка причина його смерті?
  6.  Ще у школі у неї був справжній інтерес до медицини.
  7.  Не всі пацієнти завжди любязні та вдячнію
  8.  Він неодноразово запитував мене про це вчора.
  9.  Де вони будуть працювати волонтерами?

  1.  Write a short personal statement (5-6 sentences) about your reasons for choosing medicine as a future profession.


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