62956

Типи злочинів. Інші види злочинів

Конспект урока

Педагогика и дидактика

The European Court of Human Rights was established by the European Convention (домовленість, угода) for the Protection (захист) of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and was set up in Strasbourg in 1959.

Английский

2014-06-15

164.24 KB

1 чел.

Заняття 7

Тема: «Типи злочинів. Інші види злочини»

Вид заняття: лекція- семінар (практичне)

Тип заняття: комбіноване

Мета: надати студентам іншомовну інформацію з теми, практикувати навички використання у мовлення професійної лексики, практикувати навички читання і розуміння іншомовного тексту; розвивати логічне мислення, вміння висловлювати свою думку; виховувати почуття необхідності вивчення іноземної мови для майбутньої професії, розширювати кругозір студентів щодо історії створення законів.

Обладнання: дошка, роздатковий матеріал

Література:  Just English/  Ю.Л. Гуманова

Хід заняття:

  1.  Організаційний момент. (дата, чергові, відсутні, повідомлення теми, мети заняття)

  1.  Введення в іншомовне середовище:
  2.  аудіювання тексту, визначення правильних стверджень(виділені слова повинні бути написані на дошці):

  1.  The European Court of Human Rights was established by the Council of Europe.
  2.  The Convention was drawn up by the Council of Europe in 1950.
  3.  The Convention protects many essential rights.
  4.  Any country of the world has the right to bring a case before the Court.
  5.  M. Tyrer claimed about breach of  Article 4
  6.  Article 3 says that everybody has the right to conscience and religion.
  7.  M. Tyrer alleged that he was subjected to corporal punishment.

1) – 2) + 3) + 4) – 5) – 6) – 7) +

The Tyrer Case

The European Court of Human Rights was established by the European Convention (домовленість, угода) for the Protection (захист) of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and was set up in Strasbourg in 1959. The Convention, which was drawn up (складати) by the Council of Europe in 1950, was inspired (надихнути) by the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 and protects many essential (основний) rights as the right to life, freedom from torture and slavery (рабства), freedom of thought, conscience (совість) and religion, the right to marry and found a family, freedom of peaceable assembly (зібрання) and association, and the right to a fair (справедливий) trial. Only states which are parties to the Convention and the European Commission of Human Rights have the right to bring a case before the Court. Some states have incorporated the Convention into domestic law, but Britain has not, so that it is not directly enforceable (той, що може бути здійснений примусово) as British law.

Mr. Tyrer, a British citizen, referred a case to the European Commission of Human Rights in 1978.

The applicant claimed before the Commission that the facts of his case constituted a breach (порушення) of Article 3 of the Convention which provides: «No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment».

He alleged (стверджував) that there had been torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or any combination thereof (цього).

In its report, the Commission expressed the opinion that judicial corporal (тілесне) punishment, being degrading, constituted a breach of Article 3 and that, consequently, its infliction (виконання, накладання (кари)) on the applicant (кандидат, кандидатура) was in violation of that provision (постанова).

The case was then referred to the European Court of Human Rights.

  1.  Перевірка домашнього завдання, закріплення попереднього матеріалу.
  2.  перевірка письмових вправ
  3.  повторення лексики фронтально, індивідуально

  1.  Повідомлення нової теми.

  1.  читання текстів, виконання вправ

Assault

In 1976 a drunk walked into a supermarket. When the manager asked him to leave, the drunk assaulted him, knocking out a tooth. A policeman who arrived and tried to stop the fight had his jar broken. The drunk was fined 10 pounds.

Shop-lifting

In June 1980 Lady Isabel Barnett, a well-known TV personality was convicted of stealing a tin of tuna fish and a carton of cream; total value 87p, from a small shop. The case was given enormous publicity. She was fined 75 pounds and had to pay 200 pound towards the cost of the case. A few days later she killed herself.

Fraud

This is an example of a civil case rather than a criminal one. A man had taken out an insurance policy of 100,000 pounds on his life. The policy was due to expire at 3 o'clock on a certain day. The man was in serious financial difficulties, and at 2.30 on the expire day he consulted his solicitor. He then went out and called a taxi. He asked the driver to make a note of the time, 2.50. He then shot himself. Suicide used not to cancel an insurance policy automatically. (It does nowadays.) The company refused to pay the man's wife and the courts supported them.

Exercise 1. Find the English equivalents to the following words and word-combinations.

  1.  Бути засудженим за крадіжку; 2) шахрайство; 3) напад; 4) страховий поліс; 5) відмовлятися платити; 6) серйозні фінансові труднощі; 7) скасувати; 8) день, в який закінчується строк дії; 9) самогубство; 10) консультуватися з адвокатом; 11) п’яний; 12) зламати щелепу; 13) вибити зуб; 14) загальна вартість; 15) справа набула надзвичайного розголосу.

Exercise 2. Ask 5 questions to the texts. (let your group-mates answer them)

Exercise 3. Render the text in English.

Три особи, одягнені в маски, вдерлися до домівки відомого актора вночі минулої п’ятниці. Крадії, напевне, ретельно планували злочин, оскільки їм вдалося відключити (cut off) сигналізацію (alarm system),  і на той час хазяїна домівки і його дружини не було вдома.. Злочинці вкрали цінностей на загальну суму 500 000 $. Справа набула широкого розголосу. Поліція заарештувала трьох підозрюваних. Стало відомо (It became known), що двоє з цих чоловіків зчинили бійку прямо на вулиці, повибивали один одному зуби і зламали щелепу третьому, який намагався зупинити бійку. Саме за це вони і були затримані. Але в поліцейській ділянці серед особистих речей було знайдено деякі речі з дому актора. Поліція відмовилася давати будь-які коментарі. До того ж (therewith) з’ясувалося (it turned out), що  актор придбав страховий поліс на коштовності, що були викрадені, ще рік тому. Але строк дії полісу спливав того самого дня, коли була здійснена крадіжка. Страхова компанія відмовилася оплачувати збитки.

  1.  Граматичний аспект заняття.

                                                Структура USED TO

a    We use used to with the base form (used to do / used to smoke, etc.) to say that something happened regularly in the past but no longer happens:

■  "Do you go to the movies very often?"    "Not now, but used to."

■  Sue used to travel a lot. These days she doesn't go away very often.

We also use used to for past situations ( that no longer exist):

■  This building is now a furniture store. It used be a movie theater.

■  Do you see that hill over there?  There used to be a castle on that hill.

■  I've started drinking tea lately. I never used to like it before.

b  Used to + base form is always past. There is no present. You cannot say " I use to do". For the present, use the simple present (I do). Compare the present and past:

past            he used to smoke       we used to live        there used to be

present       he smokes                  we live                    there is

c   The normal question form is did... use to... ?:

■  Did you use to eat a lot of candy when you were a child? The negative form is didn't use to... (or never used to)

■  Jim didn't use to go out very often until he met Jill.   (or never   used to go out)

d  Be careful not to confuse I used to do and I am used to doing The structures and meanings are different:

■  l used to live alone  (= I lived alone but I no longer live alone )

■  l am used to living alone. (= I live alone and don't find it strange or new

Exercise 4. Complete each sentence with used to...

Example: Denis doesn’t smoke any more, but he ….used to smoke …40 cigarettes a day.

1,  The baby doesn't cry so much no, .but she....................................every night.

2,  She....................................my best friend, but we are not friend any more.

3,  We live in Barcelona now, but we....................................in Madrid.

4,  Now there's only one café in the village, but there ………three

5,  When I was a child I....................................icecream, but I don't like it now.

6,  Now Tom has a car. He....................................a motorcycle.

Exercise 5. Write some sentences about a man who changed his lifestyle. Ron stopped doing some things and started doing other things:

            studying hard                                                          smoking

He stopped       going to bed early                             He started     staying out late

            running three miles every morning                        spending a lot of money

Exercise 6. Ask questions to the sentences.

Example: I know he doesn’t smoke now, but …did he use to smoke …?

1). I know he  doesn’t play the pianj now, but ………..

2) I know he doesn't dance these days, but ..................

3) I know he doesn't have many friends now, but..........

4) I know he isn’t very rich now, but ………..

5) I know he doesn’t go out very often these days, but ……….

  1.  Підведення підсумків заняття.
  2.  Домашнє завдання.

Роздатковий матеріал до заняття 7

  1.  Listen to the information about the European Convention  for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and find out if the following statements True or False:

  1.  The European Court of Human Rights was established by the Council of Europe.
  2.  The Convention was drawn up by the Council of Europe in 1950.
  3.  The Convention protects many essential rights.
  4.  Any country of the world has the right to bring a case before the Court.
  5.  M. Tyrer claimed about breach of  Article 4
  6.  Article 3 says that everybody has the right to conscience and religion.
  7.  M. Tyrer alleged that he was subjected to corporal punishment.

  1.  Read the text attentively and translate them:

Assault

In 1976 a drunk walked into a supermarket. When the manager asked him to leave, the drunk assaulted him, knocking out a tooth. A policeman who arrived and tried to stop the fight had his jar broken. The drunk was fined 10 pounds.

Shop-lifting

In June 1980 Lady Isabel Barnett, a well-known TV personality was convicted of stealing a tin of tuna fish and a carton of cream; total value 87p, from a small shop. The case was given enormous publicity. She was fined 75 pounds and had to pay 200 pound towards the cost of the case. A few days later she killed herself.

Fraud

This is an example of a civil case rather than a criminal one. A man had taken out an insurance policy of 100,000 pounds on his life. The policy was due to expire at 3 o'clock on a certain day. The man was in serious financial difficulties, and at 2.30 on the expire day he consulted his solicitor. He then went out and called a taxi. He asked the driver to make a note of the time, 2.50. He then shot himself. Suicide used not to cancel an insurance policy automatically. (It does nowadays.) The company refused to pay the man's wife and the courts supported them.

  1.   Find the English equivalents to the following words and word-combinations.

  1.  Бути засудженим за крадіжку; 2) шахрайство; 3) напад; 4) страховий поліс; 5) відмовлятися платити; 6) серйозні фінансові труднощі; 7) скасувати; 8) день, в який закінчується строк дії; 9) самогубство; 10) консультуватися з адвокатом; 11) п’яний; 12) зламати щелепу; 13) вибити зуб; 14) загальна вартість; 15) справа набула надзвичайного розголосу.

  1.   Ask 5 questions to the texts. (let your group-mates answer them)

  1.  Render the text in English.

Три особи, одягнені в маски, вдерлися до домівки відомого актора вночі минулої п’ятниці. Крадії, напевне, ретельно планували злочин, оскільки їм вдалося відключити (cut off) сигналізацію (alarm system),  і на той час хазяїна домівки і його дружини не було вдома.. Злочинці вкрали цінностей на загальну суму 500 000 $. Справа набула широкого розголосу. Поліція заарештувала трьох підозрюваних. Стало відомо (It became known), що двоє з цих чоловіків зчинили бійку прямо на вулиці, повибивали один одному зуби і зламали щелепу третьому, який намагався зупинити бійку. Саме за це вони і були затримані. Але в поліцейській ділянці серед особистих речей було знайдено деякі речі з дому актора. Поліція відмовилася давати будь-які коментарі. До того ж (therewith) з’ясувалося (it turned out), що  актор придбав страховий поліс на коштовності, що були викрадені, ще рік тому. Але строк дії полісу спливав того самого дня, коли була здійснена крадіжка. Страхова компанія відмовилася оплачувати збитки.

  1.  Study the grammar material:

                                                Структура USED TO

a    We use used to with the base form (used to do / used to smoke, etc.) to say that something happened regularly in the past but no longer happens:

■  "Do you go to the movies very often?"    "Not now, but used to."

■  Sue used to travel a lot. These days she doesn't go away very often.

We also use used to for past situations ( that no longer exist):

■  This building is now a furniture store. It used be a movie theater.

■  Do you see that hill over there?  There used to be a castle on that hill.

■  I've started drinking tea lately. I never used to like it before.

b  Used to + base form is always past. There is no present. You cannot say " I use to do". For the present, use the simple present (I do). Compare the present and past:

past            he used to smoke       we used to live        there used to be

present       he smokes                  we live                    there is

c   The normal question form is did... use to... ?:

■  Did you use to eat a lot of candy when you were a child? The negative form is didn't use to... (or never used to)

■  Jim didn't use to go out very often until he met Jill.   (or never   used to go out)

d  Be careful not to confuse I used to do and I am used to doing The structures and meanings are different:

■  l used to live alone  (= I lived alone but I no longer live alone )

■  l am used to living alone. (= I live alone and don't find it strange or new

  1.  Complete each sentence with used to...

Example: Denis doesn’t smoke any more, but he ….used to smoke …40 cigarettes a day.

1,  The baby doesn't cry so much no, .but she....................................every night.

2,  She....................................my best friend, but we are not friend any more.

3,  We live in Barcelona now, but we....................................in Madrid.

4,  Now there's only one café in the village, but there ………three

5,  When I was a child I....................................icecream, but I don't like it now.

6,  Now Tom has a car. He....................................a motorcycle.

  1.  Write some sentences about a man who changed his lifestyle. Ron stopped doing some things and started doing other things:

            studying hard                                                          smoking

He stopped       going to bed early                             He started     staying out late

            running three miles every morning                        spending a lot of money

  1.  Ask questions to the sentences.

Example: I know he doesn’t smoke now, but …did he use to smoke …?

1). I know he  doesn’t play the pianj now, but ………..

2) I know he doesn't dance these days, but ..................

3) I know he doesn't have many friends now, but..........

4) I know he isn’t very rich now, but ………..

5) I know he doesn’t go out very often these days, but ……….

Convention') and Rule 21 of the Rules of Court, as a Chamber composed of the following judges:

Mr. G. Balladore Pallieri, President,

Mr. J. Cremona,

Mrs. H. Pedersen,

Mr. Thor Vilhjalmsson,

Sir Gerald Fitzmaurice,

Mr. P.-H. Teitgen,

Mr. F. Matscher,

and Mr. H. Petzold, Deputy Registrar,

having deliberated in private room from 17 to 19 January and on Hand 15 March 1978,

delivers the following judgement, which was adopted on the last-mentioned date:

PROCEDURE

1. The Tyrer case was referred to the Court by the European Commission of Human Rights (hereinafter referred to as 'the Commission'). The case originated in an application against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland lodged with the Commission on 21 September 1972 under Article 25 of the Convention by a United Kingdom citizen, Mr. Antony M. Tyrer.

AS TO THE FACTS

A. The applicant punishment

9. Mr. Antony M. Tyrer, born on 21 September 1956, is a resident in Castletown, Isle of Man. On 7 March 1972, being then aged 15 and of previous good character, he pleaded guilty before the local juvenile court to unlawful assault occasioning actual bodily harm to a senior pupil at his school. The assault, committed by the applicant in company with three other boys, was apparently motivated by the fact that the victim had reported the boys for taking beer into the school, as a result of which they had been caned. The applicant was sentenced on the same day to three strokes of the birch in accordance with the relevant legislation. See paragraph 11 below.

He appealed against sentence to the Stuff of Government Division of the High Court of Justice of the Isle of Man. The appeal was

356

heard and dismissed on the afternoon of 28 April 1972; the court considered that an unprovoked assault occasioning actual bodily harm was always very serious and that there were no reasons for interfering with the sentence.

10. Mr. Tyrer was birched late in the afternoon of the same day. His father and a doctor were present. The applicant was made to take down his trousers and underpants and bend over a table; he was held by two policemen whilst a third administered the punishment, pieces of the birch breaking at the first stroke. The applicant's father lost his self-control and after the third stroke «went for» one of the policemen and had to be restrained.

11.  The applicant was sentenced pursuant to section 56 (1) of the Petty Sessions and Summary Jurisdiction Act 1927 (as amended by section 8 of the Summary Jurisdiction Act 1960) of the Isle of Man, whereby:

'Any person who shall —

(a)   unlawfully assault or beat any other person;

(b)   make use of provoking language or behaviour tending to a breach of the peace

shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding thirty pounds or be imprisoned for a term not exceeding six months and, in addition to, or instead of, either such punishment, if the offender is a male child or male young person, to be whipped.' The expressions 'child' and 'young person' mean, respectively, an individual of or over the age of 10 and under 14 and an individual of or over the age of 14 and under 17.

i Vocabulary notes

jugement

judgement reserved

to pass / to give/ to render judgement on smb

['d3Ad3mant]      приговор, решение суда, заключение суда в отношении правильности процедуры отсрочка решения суда после    окончания    судебного разбирательства выносить   приговор   кому-либо

357

349

-  повторення слів і словосполучень попереднього заняття (фронтально, виділені слова можуть бути запропоновані для диктанту):

-     переказ тексту.


 

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