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Methods of teaching English as a science and its relation to other sciences

Лекция

Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

Pedagogics is the science concerned with general teaching and education. It would be impossible to develop language habits and speech skills without information about the ways of forming them, the influence of formerly acquired habits on the formation of new ones which is supplied by Psychology.

Английский

2014-10-18

27 KB

56 чел.

            Methods of teaching English as a science and its relation to other sciences

 

                       Plan

1.                 Methods of teaching English: its content and tasks.

2.                 The relation of Methods to other sciences.

3.                 The principles of teaching English.

4.                 Aims and objectives of teaching English.

5.                 Motivation in teaching English.

6.                 The process of scientific investigation in Methods of teaching English

1.  Methods of teaching English: its content and tasks.

The word “methods” is used in the following three meanings:

 methods as a pedagogical science which combines general features of any other science (theoretical background, experimental base, objects of checking the hypothesis) and specific features connected with peculiarities of a certain subject;
¨     methods as a combination of forms, methods and techniques of the teacher’s job; sometimes – techniques used by a certain group of teachers in their practical work;

¨     methods as a university discipline.

Methods is closely connected with the concept of the learning process which includes three basic components:

Ø     teaching activities of the teacher.

Ø     learning activities of the students.

Ø     learning organization. It includes the following factors: teaching goals (objectives); the content of teaching; teaching methods and techniques.

So, methods of teaching English is a science the main tasks of which are: to study the goals, content, teaching methods and techniques, the ways of learning and teaching on the basis of foreign language material.

2. The relation of Methods to other sciences.

Methods of teaching English is closely related to such sciences as Pedagogics, Psychology, Physiology, Linguistics,, and some others.

Pedagogics is the science concerned with general teaching and education.

It would be impossible to develop language habits and speech skills without information about the ways of forming them, the influence of formerly acquired habits on the formation of new ones which is supplied by Psychology.

Methods of foreign language teaching has a definite relation to physiology of their higher nervous system. Pavlov’s theory of “conditioned reflexes” is the example.

Methods of foreign language teaching is closely related to Linguistics, since Linguistics deals with the problems which are of great importance to Methods: language and speech, grammar and vocabulary, the relationship between grammar and vocabulary, and many others.

3. The principles of teaching English.

Principle is defined as a guide to action, in our case to teaching. Methods of teaching English are based on the fundamental principles of Didactics. They are the following: scientific approach in teaching, accessibility, durability, conscious approach, activity, visualization and individual approach to instruction, systematic practice.

Except for the basic didactic principles Methods of teaching English uses specific principles which are applied in teaching a foreign language.

4. Aims and objectives of teaching English.

The aims are the first and most important consideration in any teaching. The term “aims” is considered to be a long-term goals such as to cover the upper-intermediate course program with beginners. The term “objectives” can be used for short-term goals, which may reasonably be achieved in a classroom lesson.

There are three types of aims (objectives) which should be achieved in foreign language teaching: practical; educational; developmental; cultural.

5. Motivation in teaching English.

Intrinsic Motivation

Intrinsic motivation is motivation from within the student. An intrinsically motivated student studies because he/she wants to study.

Extrinsic Motivation

An extrinsically motivated student studies and learns for other reasons. Such a student performs in order to receive a reward, like graduating or passing a test or getting a new shirt from mom, or to avoid a penalty like a failing grade.

Parental Awareness

Increased parental awareness is also crucial to a child's motivation. To support motivation, parents must participate actively in the student's life.

6. The process of scientific investigation in Methods of teaching English.

Steps in the process of scientific investigation in Methods of teaching English:

Ø       first the teacher has to define a problem in teaching English and to set out possible ways and techniques for overcoming them (he formulates a hypothesis);

Ø       research in Methods usually begins with observation of what is going on in the classroom;

Ø       experimental teaching or teaching which differs in some respect from conventional teaching is the next step in Methods research;

Ø      experiment or specially arranged teaching with the purpose of solving the problem is the last step in the investigation process. It is used for testing hypothesis.

 

The list of used sources:

 

1.     Harmer, J. 1991. Taming the big “I": Teacher performance and student satisfaction. ELT Journal, 49, 4, pp. 337-45.

2.     Krashen, S. 1985. The input hypothesis. New York: Longman.

3.     Larsen-Freeman, Diane. Techniques and Principles in Language Teacing. – London: Oxford University Press, 1986.

4.     Pica, T. 1994. Questions from the language classroom: Research perspectives. TESOL Quarterly, 28, pp. 49-79.

5.     Prodromou, L. 1991. The good language teacher. English Teaching Forum, 29, 2, pp. 2-7.

6.     Rogova G.V. Methods of Teaching English. – M., 1983.


 

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