80758

THE ARTICLE AND ITS STYLISTIC POTENTIAL

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Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

Newspaper style was the last of all styles of written literary english to be recognized as a specific form of writing standing apart from other forms. Information in the english newspaper is conveyed through the medium of: brief news item, press reports (parlimentary, of court proceeding...

Английский

2015-02-18

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1 чел.

THE ARTICLE AND ITS STYLISTIC POTENTIAL.

Newspaper style was the last of all styles of written literary english to be recognized as a specific form of writing standing apart from other forms. Information in the english newspaper is conveyed through the medium of:

-- brief news item,

-- press reports (parlimentary, of court proceeding,

-- articles purely infomational in character,

-- adbertisements and announcments.

To understand the pecularities of english newspaper style it will be sufficient to analyze the following newspaper features:

  1.  brief news items,
  2.  advertisements and announcements,
  3.  the headline,
  4.  the editorial.

I. The principle function of a brief news item is to inform the reader the bulk of the vocabulary used in newspaper writing is neutral and common literary. NS has its specific vocabulary, features and is characterised by an extensive use of: 1. special political and economical terms (socialism, by-election). 2. non-term political vocabulary (public, people, unity). 3. newspaper clishes (vital, pressing problem). 4. abbrevations (UNO, NATO). 5. neologisms, these are very common in newspaper vocabulary (lunar rover, sing-in).

II. Advertisements and announcements. The principle function of them is to inform the reader. There are two basic types in the English newspaper (classified and non-classified). In classified various kinds of information are arranged according to subject-matter into sections each bearing an appropriate name (births, deaths, personal and so on.)

III. The headline is dependent form of newspaper writing. English headlines are short and catching, they compact the gist of news stories into a few eye-snaring words. Syntactically headlines are very short sentences or phrases of a variety of patterns.

a) full declarative sentences, (woman works on moon)

b) interrogative sentences, (do you love war)

c) nominative sentences, (gloomy Sunday)

d) elliptical sentences,

- auxiliary omitted, (six killed in explosion)

- subject or part of predicate omitted, (off the sun)

- sentences with article omitted, (blaze kills 15 at party)

IV. The function of the editorial is to influence the reader by giving an interpretation of certain facts. Like many evaluative writing editorials appeal not only to the reader’s mind but at his feelings as well. (The long-suffering British housewife needs a bottomless purse to cope with his scale of inflation.


 

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