English Conversation Practice


Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

Is it the man in uniform with a tooth-brush moustache? How could we possibly forget him. It’s Michael’s father-in-law, Mr. Brown. Do you mean the stout gentleman with a fleshy and pale face touched with colour only at the thick hanging lobes of his ears? The one who has just broken into laughter?



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 Министерство образования Республики Беларусь

Учреждение образования

«Белорусский государственный университет

информатики и радиоэлектроники»

Кафедра иностранных языков №1

Учебно-методическое пособие

по развитию навыков и умений устной речи

на английском языке для студентов

ФКП, ФТК, ФРЭ и ВФ дневной формы обучения

English Conversation Practice

Минск 2008

Авторы-составители:     М. В.  Кравченко,    Т. Г.  Шелягова,    Н. Н.  Крипец,   Т. В.  Левкович,     И. И.  Лихтарович,     С. И.  Лягушевич,     И. Г.  Маликова, Г. Ф. Табакова, Л. Е. Яцевич.

Методическая разработка по развитию навыков и умений устной речи на английском языке для студентов ФКП, ФТК, ФРЭ, ВФ дневн. формы обуч.: сост. М.В.Кравченко [и др.]. - Минск: БГУИР, 2008. - 197с.

В связи с переходом к новым образовательным стандартам в цикле социально-гуманитарных дисциплин и изменением объема содержания изучаемого материала по дисциплине «иностранный язык» в неязыковых вузах количество проблемно-тематических циклов пособия, а также их объем были сокращены. Авторы пособия сохранили единый комплекс упражнений и заданий репродуктивно-продуктивного и продуктивного характера, способствующий развитию навыков и умений устной речи на английском языке. Разработка включает применение современных педагогических технологий: работа с кейсом, проект, ролевая игра и др., а также сквозной пролонгированный проект.

В пособие вошли проблемно тематические циклы: About Myself, House  and Home, Meals, University Studies, Around the World (Great Britain, Belarus) and Spare Time (Hobbies, Travelling and Holidays, The Arts), Mass Media, Global Issues, My Future Profession, Sport, Shopping.

Коллектив авторов, 2008

БГУИР, 2008


Word List

Active Vocabulary

Nouns and Noun Phrases




~ to be in high spirits

быть в хорошем настроении

~ to be in low spirits

быть в плохом настроении

Verbs and Verbal Phrases






допускать, принимать, соглашаться



терпеть, выносить



походить, иметь сходство

take after


походить на к-л.




озабоченный, обеспокоенный


/a: 'tIkjqlqt/

ясный, отчетливый









веселый, жизнерадостный





















угрюмый, невеселый; в плохом настроении



сдержанный; замкнутый, необщительный



застенчивый; робкий, нерешительный



тонкий, стройный



самоуверенный, самонадеянный



нарядный, модный



приземистый, коренастый



полный, тучный

Passive Vocabulary

Nouns and Noun Phrases



оскорбление, плохое обращение



мочка (уха)







высокомерный, надменный






скупой, скаредный



оскорбительный, обидный



заслуживающий порицания



смехотворный, смешной, нелепый



заслуживающий доверия, надежный



Живой, оживленный




оценивать, понимать, принимать во внимание










Кратко, сжато

I. Oral Practice Section

1. Look through the statements and try to outline the problems to be discussed.

1. Like father, like son.

2. It’s not necessary to be beautiful to be liked by people.

3. It takes all kinds to make a world.

4. Children must be taught to respect their parents.

2. You’ve got some information about Steve Clark. Describe his appearance and character to your partner. Replace the words in bold with synonyms given in the box.

My name is Steve Clark. I was born on August, 25. I am in my teens. I come from Manchester, England. I take after my mother. I am of a medium height with her regular features and dark hair and build a bit stocky but strong with it. I have a straight nose and a wide humorous mouth. They say I’m incredibly handsome.

I inherited my father’s grey eyes and character. I am quite shy, I look calm, but actually I am rather nervy. I think I am kind, but sometimes I am bad-tempered like my father.

I have long, curly hair. It is fashionable at the moment for men to grow their hair. It nearly reaches my shoulders. My mother is always telling me to get it cut. I don’t take much care for my appearance, so I often look quite untidy – it doesn’t matter how much money, time and energy I devote to my appearance.

My mum is usually well-dressed. She is the sort of a person who always looks smart. But I am the exact opposite. I hate having to wear a tie. I like comfortable clothes such as T-shirts and jeans. I don’t care what I look like.

I don’t have many interests and hobbies. I spend much time at my computer. In my opinion the computer is the greatest invention in the world. Actually if your computer is connected up to the Internet you can get any information you want, you can send letters all over the world in no time. I mean the service called e-mail. The second thing I’m interested in is tennis. It gives me energy and puts me in high spirits. I always spend my spare time on the tennis court. I’ve won a few local tournaments and I’d really like to turn professional.

pay attention   amazingly   resemble   am keen on   contrast   contests   good-looking    thickset  in fact  quiet   wavy    in a good mood    timid    average    irritable     elegant

3. Look at the words in the box and say what relation is:

your mother’s sister to you

your father’s brother to you

your sister’s son to you

your brother’s daughter to you

your aunt’s son to you

your sister’s husband to you

your brother’s wife to you

your parents’ parents to you

your grandparents’ parents to you

your husband to your parents

your brother’s wife to your mother

your sister’s son to your mother

your mother’s son from the first marriage to you

your stepmother’s daughter to you


grandson   aunt    cousin   uncle   daughter-in-law   nephew   son-in- law    niece  brother-in-law   grandparents     half  brother   stepsister    great grandparents   sister-in-law   

4. Tell your partner about uncle Desmond choosing the correct word.

My uncle Desmond is the kind of person everyone likes. In fact, he is so sociable/sociability that neighbors and friends visit him constantly. Luckily, he enjoys other peoples’/people’s company.

Almost everyone finds Desmond charming, and as far as I can tell his charm lays/lies in the fact that he always takes a positive view of life. In fact, many people find his optimism infection/ infectious. I’ve seen people who are really anxious/anxiety suddenly forget all their terribly/terrible worries and become full of life. Last week one woman became so careful/carefree that she started dancing on the table, which amused Desmond.

Another thing I like about Desmond is that he is very broad-minded about everything from religion through food/meal to nationality. I have rare/rarely met anyone with so few prejudices/superstitious and so much enthusiasm/enthusiast for life.

Not surprising/surprisingly, although Desmond lives alone, he always has company, so he never feels lonely/alone. On another/the other hand, he doesn’t seem to need the help of anyone, although/in spite of being over 80, and lives a very independent life.

5. Interview your group-mates:

  1.  Do your relatives take a positive view of life?
  2.  Why is it important to be a broad-minded person?
  3.  Which of your members of the family has much enthusiasm for life?
  4.  Have you ever felt lonely? Why?

6. These people are all talking about other people’s characters. Match the names they mention with the descriptions in the box.

‘…Don’t you think David’s rather a big-head?’

‘…As for Mike, he seems frightened of his own shadow.

‘…I think Luke is the strong, silent type.’

‘…Diana is really a tower of strength, isn’t she?’

‘…Mr. Brown’s really a warm-hearted person, don’t you think?’

‘…Sally’s a ball of fire…’

‘…I’ve found that Tom is likely to fly off the handle…’

a someone you can really rely on

b someone who is very concerned for and generous to others

c someone with a lot of energy and enthusiasm

d someone with a very high opinion of himself/herself

e someone who talks too much

f someone who is very quiet but seems sure of himself/herself

g someone who is very timid

h someone who loses his/her temper quickly

7. Say what you’ve learnt about Frederick’s occupation. Supply the missing replies.

A: ... ... .

B: Oh, er, Janet. Janet Parker.

A: ... ... .

B: Oh. What do you do, er, Fred?

A: ... ... .

B: Oh, yes? Where do you work, then? Are you based in London?

A: ... ... .

B: Oh, yes?

A: ... ... .

B: Oh, have you?

A: ... ... .

B: It must be terribly interesting. All that travelling. All those famous people.

A: ... ... .

Oh, no. I live in Paris. Paris and California. But I travel all over the world.

Before that, I was in Venice for the film festival. In a few days, I’ll be in  Tokyo for a fashion show. It’s a busy life, you know. A busy life.

Oh, yes? I’m Frederick Getty Onassis. But my friends call me Fred.

Oh, no. Famous people – they’re all the same, really ...

Hello, then. What’s your name?

I’ve just got back from Washington. I’ve been photographing the President for “Time” magazine.

Oh, I’m a photographer. I photograph famous people: film stars, pop singers, people like that.

8. Describe Michael’s father-in-law. Restore the dialogue.

A: The face of that man is familiar to me. I seem to know him.

B: ... ... .

A: That tall man of forty-four, perhaps, with coarse features.

B: ... ... .

A: No.

B: ... ... .

A: Wrong again! Look to the right at the man of your size a in brown suit with broad shoulders. He has a very uncommon face.

B: ... ... .

A: Just that very man! Don’t you find there’s something about him that makes him look sleepy?

B: ... ... .

A: Somehow I connect him with Michael. He seems to have recognized us too. He is coming towards us.

B:... ... .

Is it the man in uniform with a tooth-brush moustache?

How could we possibly forget him. It’s Michael’s father-in-law, Mr. Brown.

Do you mean the stout gentleman with a fleshy and pale face touched with colour only at the thick hanging lobes of his ears? The one who has just broken into laughter?

Who exactly?

It is his heavy-lidded eyes and the disorder of his scanty (недостаточный, скудный) hair.

That one who has very red hair with a bald patch (плешь) on the crown?

9. Say what you have learnt about Damien. In the dialogue B’s responses have become mixed up. Indicate their correct position by putting a number in the brackets (the first one has been done for you).

A: So that’s your friend, Damien.

B: (1) I’ve known him for ages. We used to go to school together.

A: What’s he like?

B: ( ) Well ... perhaps I’d better introduce him to you ... .

A: I thought you said he has a tendency to be aggressive.

B: ( ) Aristocratic? Damien? Maybe he gives that impression... yes, now you mention it, he does have an arrogant streak.

A: There’s a touch of the aristocratic about him, I find...

B: ( ) Yes, I think he takes after his father, who was well-known for his bad temper.

A: I don’t mean that exactly. I think there’s something quite distinguished about him.

B: ( ) He’s the quiet type, but he’s not as shy as he seems... I’m quite fond of him.

A: Oh, yes please!

10. Work in groups. Characterize the people that are being described. Make use of the following words and word combinations from the box.


I’m an active and a)... person – I b) ... just sitting around doing nothing. It just makes me c) ... and restless. But I know what I want, and I think I’ve got what it takes to achieve my d) ... . Does that make me sound horribly e) ...  and selfish? I hope not!

goals           impatient                 can’t bear                ambitious                 energetic


I’m the kind of person who knows how a)... . I suppose you would call me b) ..., but it’s more than that. I actually believe in a calm, cool, c) ... approach to life and I can’t bear unnecessary d) … and pressure. I believe in  being e) ...  and taking life as it comes…

anxiety            fun-loving         to have a good time          sociable       easy-going


My problem can be summarized in one word: a)... . I just don’t have enough. I’m b)... with other people, who must think I’m boring and stupid sometimes. c)... of confidence also makes me d)... : I spend days trying to make up my mind what to do about quite simple things. I’m told I sometimes look e)..., but in fact I like being with other people...

indecisive            shy                self-confidence              moody                    lack


How do I see myself? Well, I’m a)... and disorganized – some would say b)...! But I’ve got quite a lot of c)..., really, and I’ve got ideas. I’m a hardworker too when I’m doing something I’m interested in. I’m not very d) ... when it comes to public speaking but I quite enjoy being e)..., and I don’t get in the least bit f) ....

absent-minded   articulate   nervous   forgetful   the centre of attention   willpower

11. Find and read those parts of the text which express the following viewpoints:

1. When the author heard the Frenchmen insulting the American tourists he decided to interfere because they were unfair to them.

2. The Europeans had a high opinion about American tourists.

3. The author admits that 70 percent of American tourists are blameworthy.

4. The author objects to those who says that 100 percent of a certain nationality behave in a certain way because it is not true to the fact.

5. The author seems to suggest that not all people of the same nationality have the same ‘national character’.

The ways of tourists are strange, and one afternoon as I sat in the Plaza Mayor, I heard some Frenchmen at the next table tearing Americans apart. To the first barrage of criticism, I could not logically protest: Americans were uncultured, lacked historical sense, were concerned only with business, had no sensitivity and ought to stay at home. The second echelon of abuse I did want to interrupt, because I felt that some of it was wide of the mark: Americans were all loud, had no manners, no education, no sense of proportion, and were offensively vulgar in dress, speech, eating habits and general comportment, but I restrained myself because, after all, this was a litany one heard throughout Europe, here expressed rather more succinctly than elsewhere.

Sitting as quietly as my French companions would permit, I tried to discover what my true feelings were in this matter of honest description. In my travels, I had never met any single Americans as noisy and crude as certain Germans, none so downright mean as one or two Frenchmen, none so ridiculous as an occasional Englishman, and none so arrogant as some Swedes.

But in each of the national examples cited I am speaking only of a few horrible specimens. If one compares all English tourists with all Americans, I would have to admit that taken in the large the American is worse. If some European wanted to argue that seventy percent of all American tourists are regrettable, I would agree. If he claimed ninety, I suppose I wouldn’t argue too much. But when like the Frenchman on my left he states that one hundred percent are that way, then I must accuse him of being false to the facts.

James Michener Iberia 2

12. Say why Penny experienced culture shock when she was on a visit to Japan? Name customs and traditions of Japanese culture.

Fill in each space with an appropriate word from the list.

nervous      worried    enjoyable     angry     usual       amusing     shy     ordinary        formal        ashamed      sympathetic     typical    afraid          tiresome      anxious

Culture shock

Penny, a friend of mine, has just got back from a trip to Japan. She had a very... (1) time but there were occasions, she says, when the rather ...(2) behaviour of her hosts led to moments of cultural  confusion, and at times she even felt embarrassed by some of the mistakes she made. For example, it is ...(3) for Europeans to call each other by their first names, but this is not the ...(4) way of addressing people to Japan. Now, because Penny was ...(5) to show everyone how friendly she was, she called everyone by their first name. Most people were ...(6) because she was obviously a foreigner but some became quite ...(7) and show little sympathy.

At first, Penny found bowing to people quite ...(8) - she is, after all, an actress – but after a while it became a bit ...(9) having to bow to everyone you met.

Penny is not at all ...(10) - she loves meeting new people – but after the first few misunderstandings she was ...(11) to open her mouth in case she offended someone. I myself am quite an experienced traveller, but I would feel ... (12) about putting my foot in it in Japan because there even ...(13) people observe the most elaborate rules of social behaviour – silence for example is nothing to be ...(14) of in Japanese culture, but in the West we get very ...(15) if there are even short periods of silence at social gatherings.

13. Match these nationalities with the ‘stereotype’ pictures.

the Germans      the French       the Japanese     the Italians           the Scottish         

                   the Americans        the Spanish                 the British






                                      4                                                      5




14. Study the national features of people from different countries and match them with nationalities.



The French

a) calm, reserved, open-minded, trustworthy, hidebound, insular, superior, excellent sense of humour

The Spanish

b) the highest proportion of good qualities, tolerant, fashionable, square

The Scottish

c) lazy, untrustworthy, vivacious, charming, hospitable, noisy

The British

d) conservative, withdrawn, chauvinistic, brilliant, superficial, hedonistic, not very friendly

The Americans

e) outgoing, talkative, less reserved, love chatting, very generous, hospitable

The Germans

f) hard-working, noisy, democratic, ambitious, friendly, open-minded, punctual, church-goers

The Japanese

g) artistic, hot-tempered, religious, emotional, jealous, fun- loving, cheerful

The Italians

h) polite, ambitious (for men), hard-working, neat, reserved, tolerant, love nature, healthy way of life

15. Look at the photo and describe the typical characteristics of the Belarusians.



16. In the following dialogue examine some unfinished pieces of argumentation and select among the given arguments the one that can be added in full accordance with the speaker’s viewpoints.

        Interview with a 17-year-old son David

Interviewer: How do you get on with your parents?

David: I look up to them because (1) ... .

Interviewer: How strict are your parents?

David: They can be very strict at times. I told my Dad I wanted a motorbike, but he said it was out of the question – (2) ... . My mother is strict about keeping things tidy. I can’t get out of doing the washing up and things like that, unless I’m very busy.

Interviewer: How do you get on with your sister?

David: (3) ... , so we are always arguing. We’ve never been very close, but I get on all right with her. I think I’m much closer to my mother.


a) I’m afraid to be punished if I do anything wrong.

b) I know they’ve worked hard to bring us properly.

c) I can’t do what I like.


a) it wasn’t expensive enough

b) I can’t ride it very fast

c) it was too dangerous


a) I’ve always been very kind to her

b) I never agree with what she says

c) We always see eye to eye on many things

17. Make a small talk about people’s character and appearance.

  1.  You will like him if you get to know him better as he is ...
  2.  He is the kind of man you go for at once ... .
  3.  He’s got a bunch of bad habits ... .
  4.  She/he is everything I (dis)like in a woman(man) ... .
  5.  His brother looks a bit stern but ... .
  6.  He is not the kind of person you will like at first sight but ... .
  7.  When you meet her, the first thing you notice is ... .
  8.  The girl is a little unbalanced but ... .

18. Expand the following dialogues.

  1.  A: John, could you do me a favour?

B: Sure. Go ahead.

A: I need to send a couple of books to a friend of mine in London. I’ve heard you’re going there tomorrow. If you could take the books with you, he would meet you at the airport.

B: No problem. But how can I recognize him?

A: ... ... .

  1.  A: Who is the young man in the picture?

B: Oh, this is Frank Howard, William’s son?

A: I don’t think he took after his father.

B: No, he didn’t. He is a replica of his mother. Have you met her?

A: ... ... .

  1.  A: Bob, what do you think of Mary’s brother?

B: He has got a good sense of humour. It’s a lot of fun to be with him.

A: But he is a very ambitious guy.

B: Do you consider ambition to be a good trait?

A: … … .

  1.  A: It’s not necessary to be beautiful to be liked by people.

B: That’s true. Look at film stars. Some of them are not good-looking at all, but they are so charming that everybody adores them. For example...

19. Work in groups.

Do you think that the proverb Appearances are deceptive is correct? Ask your partner’s opinion. Let him/her explain why he/she thinks so.

20. Give your own ideas on the following problems.

1.”The situation of our youth is not mysterious. Children have never been very good at listening to their elders, but they have never failed to imitate them. They must, they have no other models.” (James Baldwin)

2. Children should be allowed to make decisions about their lives. If they make mistakes, they can learn from them.

3. Give a child his will and he will turn ill.

4. Parents should  show love and affection towards their children.

5. Children should always be told why they are being asked to do anything.

6. “Every generation revolts against its fathers and makes friends with its grandfathers.” (Lewis Mumford)

21. Comment on the following statements:

  1.  In any nation, the same variety of character types is represented.
  2.  There’s no such thing as ‘national character’.
  3.  Face is a letter of recommendation.
  4.  A beauty lives an easier life.
  5.  “It is a wise father that knows his own child.” (W.Shakespeare)

22. Look at the network of the topic and tell your groupmates about yourself and your family supplying the necessary information.

                                                                                good-looking curly

surfing the Internet



                                    HOBBIES            stocky             APPEARANCE


                                                                             BUILD                         NOSE




       MY BIOGRAPHY                                  MY FAMILY

OCCUPATION                            BIRTHPLACE

a student CHARACTER



                                                                sociable           impatient    


Belarusian                           to be in one’s teens


II. Writing Section

1. Study the application form carefully and fill it in.

2006-2007 Eurasian Undergraduate

Exchange Program APPLICATION

A program of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, United States Department of State

1. NAME (as written on official documents):       

                                         (Family Name) (First Name) (Middle/Patronymic)



3. COUNTRY OF LEGAL Residence:     

4. PLACE OF BIRTH:         

  (City or Town)    (Country)

5. DATE OF BIRTH:         

(Month)   (Day)    (Year)

6. GENDER:   Male:        Female:    

7. MARITAL STATUS:  Single     Married     CITIZENSHIP OF SPOUSE (if applicable):     

8.  CURRENT HOME ADDRESS: Is this a dormitory address?   Yes      No

Street/Building Number:         Apartment:  

City:     Postal Index:     

Region or Oblast:         Country:     

Telephone: (            )    Fax: (          )  Email:  

Cell phone (if applicable): _(_________)_______________________________


Street/Building Number:         Apartment:  

City:     Postal Index:     

Region or Oblast:          Country:     

Telephone: (            )    Fax: (          ) Email:   


 Cell phone (if applicable): (             )__________________________________






City:      Postal Index:    

Country:                                Telephone: (            )   Fax: (          )  

10.  PRESENT COURSE YEAR:   First     Second    Third* (*only for students enrolled in 5-year university programs)

11.  EXPECTED GRADUATION DATE (month/year):                                        



Please indicate one specialization below, which most closely matches your current specialization. Unless otherwise noted, all fields of study are offered for first-, second-, and third-year students. If selected as a finalist, applicants may not change their field of study during the program.

Accounting (first-year only)


American Studies


Computer Science (first-year only)

Criminal Justice

Economics (second- and third-year only)

Education (second- and third-year only)

Environmental Management

Hospitality Management (first-year only)

International Relations (second- and third-year only)

Journalism and Mass Communications

Law (first-year only)

Political Science

Psychology (first-year only)


Signature of applicant  ______________________________________________    Date _________

III. Role play

You are going to describe or ask for a description of a crime suspect. Divide into two groups A and B. Read the cards below and follow the instructions.

  1.  Witnesses

Yesterday you visited a local bank. At the entrance you were nearly knocked down by a strange man. At the bank you learnt that a large sum of money had been stolen and one of the criminals had managed to escape. The police want you to give a description of this person. You have 3 minutes to look at the picture (see page 21). Discuss in your group how to describe him.

Useful words and phrases:

  1.  Age: elderly, middle-aged, young, under 30, past 40 ...
  2.  Height: tall, short, over 5 feet 6 inches, of middle height ...
  3.  Build: slim, stout, broad-shouldered ...
  4.  Face: long, round, thin, wrinkled, oval ...
  5.  Hair: long, straight, curly, blond, bald-headed...
  6.  Eyes: close-set, dark-eyed, small ...
  7.  Nose: straight, hooked, ...
  8.  Ears: stick out ...
  9.  Distinctive marks: freckles, a mole on his right cheek, beard, moustache ...

  1.  Police officers

Yesterday criminals stole a large sum of money from a local bank. One of the robbers had managed to escape. You know that he ran into one of the clients when he/she was entering the bank. In your group get ready with the questions you will ask the witness. Think about his age, height, build, face, hair, eyes, nose, ears, distinctive marks.

C. Witnesses

Yesterday you visited a local shop. At the entrance you were nearly knocked down by a strange man. At the shop you learnt that a large sum of money had been stolen and one of the criminals had managed to escape. The police want you to give a description of this person. You have 3 minutes to look at the picture (see page 21). Discuss in your group how to describe him.

Useful words and phrases:

  1.  Age: elderly, middle-aged, young, under 30, past 40 ...
  2.  Height: tall, short, over 5 feet 6 inches, of middle height ...
  3.  Build: slim, stout, broad-shouldered ...
  4.  Face: long, round, thin, wrinkled, oval ...
  5.  Hair: long, straight, curly, blond, bald-headed...
  6.  Eyes: close-set, dark-eyed, small ...
  7.  Nose: straight, hooked, ...
  8.  Ears: stick out ...
  9.  Distinctive marks: freckles, a mole on his right cheek, beard, moustache ...

D. Police officers

Yesterday criminals stole a large sum of money from a local shop. One of the robbers had managed to escape. You know that he ran into one of the customers when he/she was entering the shop. In your group get ready with the questions you will ask the witness. Think about his age, height, build, face, hair, eyes, nose, ears, distinctive marks.

Work in pairs: one person from group A (a witness) and one person from group B (a police officer).

The police officer should interrogate the witness and make a video image.

The witness should decide if it is the man he/she had seen at the local bank/shop and if necessary correct the video image synthesized by the police officer.

Useful words and phrases:

  Make the face thinner (more round)...

  Try to add bushy eyebrows ...

  He was wearing a cap/eyeglasses/a


Comprehensive Prolonged Project

Three students from the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics are the participants of the International Youth Conference on Computing Technologies.

Day 1st:  Meeting People

Students from different countries are coming to the Conference. Get acquainted with the students from other countries. Introduce yourself and learn as much as you can about them.



Active Vocabulary

Nouns and Noun Phrases



квартира, комната, жилье



аппарат, прибор, приспособление, устройство



платяной шкаф; ниша ( для хранения белья, одежды и т.д.)



диванная подушка

detached house






1) прачечная 2) а) белье для стирки или из стирки б) стирка

do the laundry


стирать белье

dry the laundry


сушить белье

fold the laundry


складывать белье

iron( press) the laundry ( the linen)

/'aIqn 'lInIn/

гладить, утюжить белье



лестничная площадка






духовой шкаф, духовка

semi-detached house


дом, имеющий общую стену с соседним домом

terraced house


дом ленточной застройки ( дом, стоящий в ряду одинаковых домов с общими стенами

Verbs and Verb Phrases



чинить, ремонтировать

rent( rent out )


а) арендовать, брать в аренду, снимать квартиру



разбрасывать, раскидывать, расшвыривать;

share ( smth. with smb.)


разделять с кем-л. что-л.; использовать совместно



1) замачивать, пропитывать(ся); погружать(ся) в жидкость;



вытирать, протирать




тесный; стиснутый; стесненный (в пространстве)



богатый, пышный, роскошный; дорогой,



изолированный, отдельный (о доме, квартире)



а) поношенный; потрепанный, протертый (об одежде, мебели и т. п.)

б) убогий, захудалый; бедный, запущенный (о жилище)



обширный, просторный, вместительный,

Passive Vocabulary



фундамент, подвал; (полу) подвальный этаж; цокольный этаж



веник, метла






подвал; погреб; подвальный этаж



очищающее, моющее средство



вышивать, украшать вышивкой

estate agent  


агент по продаже недвижимости






1) швабра 2) мыть, протирать шваброй






промывать, ополаскивать, прополаскивать, полоскать



чистить, отчищать; оттирать, отдраивать






1) а) черепица б) плитка 2. крыть черепицей/кафелем



выжимать, жать (тж. wring out)

I. Oral Practice Section

1. Look through the statements and try to outline the problems to be discussed.

1. Tastes differ. Different countries have different kinds of accommodation.

2. Men make houses, women make homes.

3. Children and husbands learn to do housework.

4. Renting an apartment is much simpler than buying a house.

2. You’ve got some information about Pam’s new flat. Describe it. Replace the words in bold type by the synonyms given in the box

Dear John,

My new flat is really lovely! It’s got four big rooms – a spacious lounge with dining area, two bedrooms and a large kitchen which looks out onto the garden. There’s another large window in the lounge with a super view of the park opposite, which lets in lots of sunshine in the afternoon. It’s fully equipped with central heating but so far I haven’t thought of any furniture! There are no carpets down yet and all I’ve got is a bed and a table and some chairs. Oh, and I forgot to say that it’s on the ground floor and quite near the shops, which is very convenient for me because I’ve got a memory like a sieve and I’m always forgetting to buy something!

Do come and visit me! I’m sure you won’t mind sleeping on the floor if I haven’t got another bed by the time you come. I can show you the town and we can go into the country too while you’re here. I know you’d enjoy it here! Please write soon.

Love, Pam

couch; furnishings; living room; like; nice

suitable; provided; faces; floor covering; scenery;

3. Tell your friend about the most traditional types of housing in Great Britain choosing the right preposition from the brackets.

In Great Britain, families prefer to live (at, in, into) houses rather than flats.

 There are different types of housing (on, at, in) Britain. Terraced houses are attached (with, to, for) each other in a long row. They are usually found in towns and cities and many were built in the 19th or early 20th century as houses (for, with, without) workmen. Today, Victorian terraced houses are very popular city homes.

(At, in, on) the 1930’s a large number of semis were built. They share a central wall. Typically, a semi has a small garden (to, at, in) front of it and a fence divides a larger garden (on, at, in) the back. Semis are still built where land is expensive.

A detached house has land (below, round, above) it. More and more modern homes are detached, although (to, towards, in) areas where building land is expensive, the houses may be very close (at, with, to) each other.

Country cottages are often old stone buildings which were part (of, for, on) a farm. Today many people who work (in, on, at) the cities buy cottages so that they have a place to go (in, on, for) the weekend.

A bungalow is a house where all the rooms are (in, on, at) the ground floor. As there are no stairs, many older people dream (after, of, for) going to live in a bungalow when they retire.

A block of flats. In the 1950s and 1960s local councils cleared a lot of slums (in, from, on) the inner city areas and knocked down terraced houses (on, in, about) very poor areas. Block of flats or tower blocks can vary (for, with, from) 3-5 storeys high up to 10-20 storeys high. Each storey contains 5 or 6 flats (of, to, for) families. But people don’t like to live (with, in, without) them because there are many social problems.

4. You’ve bought a new flat. Decide with your partner what furniture you would need to make it comfortable. Use the words in the box below. Say which room(s) each piece of furniture would normally be used in.

Sitting room




Entrance Hall

sideboard       chest of drawers     dressing table     shelf    

stool   hat-stand   dresser  mirror  carpet .lampshade  wall-unit

cupboard   wardrobe  armchair    cooker   sofa   desk   bookcase

5. Work in pairs. You friend is telling you about a new flat he has moved to. Restore the dialogues. Use the questions from the box given below.

1)  A:  …..?

    B: Oh, yes, we have, and we expect you to come to our house-warming party next Saturday.

    A: Thank you. I’ll be very glad.


2) A: …..?

    B: Yes, a very nice one, with all modern conveniences.

    A: …?

    A: It’ a four-storeyed dwelling house built by the City Municipals. It’s a five minute walk from an underground station.

3) A: Ann has no taste at all. Her room is simply awful.

     B: …?

     A: It’s rather small. There is a big table in the middle. There is a long narrow bed by the window and there are some old chairs between the bed and the table. There are also some awful pictures on the walls.

4) A: We are lucky to have such a good flat in the centre of the town.

    B:  ….?

    A: No, there is little furniture here, only the most necessary things.

5)  A: …?

    B: Five – a living-room, kitchen, bathroom and two bedrooms.

    A: …?

    B: OK. Well, when you enter the flat, you’re in the living-room. The kitchen is off the

           living-room to the left. There’s a door at the far end of the living-room that leads into the

           hall. The two bedrooms are down the hall on the right, and the bathroom is on the left.

6) A: …?

    B: Oh, I’d love to. What a nice wardrobe, is it walnut?

    A: Yes, it matches the bed and the dressing-table.

    B: …?

    A: No, that’s Mother’s work; she also did the lampshade for the reading lamp on the bedside table.

    B: Oh, how pretty they are. I see you’ve got a built-in cabinet here.    …?

    A: I keep some pillow slips and sheets, a spare blanket and even a pillow there.

Are you planning to buy new furniture?

Is it in a multistoreyed house?

Did you embroider the bedspread and the curtains yourself?

There’s not much furniture in this room, is there?

What do you keep in it?

How many rooms does it have?

Have you already moved into the new flat?

Would you like to see my bedroom?

What is it like?

Can you describe the floor plan?

Is it a two-room flat?

6. Work in pairs. Describe how different appliances make our life easier. Use the following word combinations from the box.

1) Today’s vacuum cleaners … and … at bay without having to lug heavy machines around the house or … outside. Nowadays you can go a step further and buy a …that will even … for you.

2) Washing up once meant hours at the …, and the weekly … was a battle. Now, with …, washing clothes and washing up has never been quicker or easier. … clothes was another headache. Thankfully, … have taken the work out of the process, making drying effortless.

3) Not surprisingly, … are increasingly popular, load them and start them up, and sparkling crockery and cutlery will be the result, also important are the … of a dishwasher.

dishwashers, food processor, beat your rugs, drying,

microwave, cleaner, wash your carpets, tidying up the room,

keep dust, laundry, tumble-dryers, storing food, iron the linen,

time-saving qualities, clean carpets, microchip technology,

sink, freezer, polishing furniture, air conditioning

  1.  Complete the chart below by putting the words in the box in one of the three categories.

basement, block of flats, hall, terraced house, cottage, bungalow, mop,  attic, tea towel, semi-detached, cellar, corkscrew, ground floor, bucket, washing-up liquid, study, table, mat, landing, detached house, dustpan, sponge, crockery, cushion, ironing board, villa, cutlery, pillow-slip, broom, rug.

Types of home

Parts of a house

Things we find in the house

  1.  Chore is another word for a job which is regular and unpleasant. It is often used for jobs around the house. Read and discuss the story of Mrs Green.

   My day starts at 6.30 a.m. Then I make breakfast for my husband and children. I do the dishes, make the beds and take the children to nursery school.

During the morning I dust the furniture, vacuum the floors, clean the rooms, wash three loads of laundry in the washing machine, iron the linen and mend it. I take the garbage away and water my plants.

I do shopping. Sometimes I have to visit everyday service establishments: shoemaker’s, drycleaner’s, tailor’s.

I collect the children and then make lunch. Then comes the evening meal for the family and more dishes.

  1.  Which of the chores above do you/would you find most unpleasant? Why?
  2.  Which of the chores do you do very often? Occasionally?
  3.  Which of the chores have you never done? Why not?

d)   Do you think housework is shared fairly among the members of your family?

9. Each noun and each verb in the boxes relates to one or more of the chores in the table below. Group them together by listing the words in the most relevant column.

mop    rinse   dry up

stir   sweep    wipe

scrub  beat     scour

soak  wring   fold

drain  scorch chop press

sponge  broom    brush

bucket    ironing board

cloth   detergent   dustpan

chopping board

bowl     tea towel   

Cleaning the floor

Washing up

Washing a sweater

Ironing a blouse

Making dinner



10. Here is a list of domestic jobs/ household chores people hate most:

1. doing the washing-up

2. cleaning bathrooms

3. ironing

4. scrubbing floors

5. dusting

6. vacuuming

7. cleaning windows

8. cooking

Discuss with your group-mates:

What are three types of housework you most hate doing? Why?

How much time do you spend every week doing housework?

Speak about your manner of doing housework.

11. What should be done to make your mother’s life easier?

Here’s some of the chores that kids can generally do by certain ages, according to Mrs. Clean Jeans’ Housekeeping With Kids. Each list builds on the one that precedes it.

Tasks for kids ages 6 to 9

  1.  Make the bed.
  2.  Feed pets.
  3.  Put away groceries.
  4.  Set and clear table.
  5.  Tidy bedroom.

Tasks for kids  ages 3 to 5

Put away toys and games.

Dust low furniture.

Return CDs, DVDs and videos to their cases.

Water plants. Help fold laundry.

Tasks for kids ages 14 to 17

  1.  Clean toilet, sinks and tubs.
  2.  Organize closet
  3.  Prepare meals.

■ Clean the shower.

Tasks for kids ages 10 to 13

  1.  Make lunch for school.
  2.  Unload dishwasher.
  3.  Sort, wash and fold laundry.
  4.  Clean windows.
  5.  Shovel snow

12. Look through this newspaper article. Agree or disagree with the experts. Express your opinion on this problem. Are you keen on doing things about the house yourself or do you prefer to get things done? Use standard phrases given below.

Agreeing: Yes, I agree …, I agree entirely…, I agree absolutely with…

Disagreeing: No, I don’t think …, I can’t agree…

Saying you partly agree: I agree in principle, but…

Giving your opinion: I think…, I believe…, In my opinion…, Personally, I believe…,

To my mind.., It seems to me…

Getting Kids to Clean is a Chore

Many kids today rarely lift a dust rag. Their rooms often look like a tornado hit them, with unmade beds and clothes scattered everywhere.

We may be raising a nation of slobs if something isn’t done about it, say two leading cleaning experts. They are advising parents to  pick up their brooms and turn them over to their children. “Anybody old enough to mess up is old enough to clean up,” says Don Aslett, known as the King of Clean and the author of 40 books. “ Parents are cleaning up after kids, and I think it’s sad. They are reinforcing bad behavior.”

Kids today seem to be doing a lot less housework and chores. Children have less time because they are busy with sports, clubs, after-school activities, jobs and homework, says Sampson Lee Blair, associate professor of sociology.

Plus, parents today consider their kids “emotional assets” to love and take care of rather than the “economic assets” they were years ago when they were essential for running the family farm, Blair says. Some parents don’t want to be strict about making their kids do chores, he adds. But they aren’t doing their kids any favors by letting them off the hook, says Aronson, who writes a cleaning column for the San Francisco Chronicle.

Parents who want their kids to help around the house should start giving them chores early and be consistent in making sure the jobs are done, experts say.

Aronson began working on this when her kids were toddlers. From the time her youngest could walk, she had him picking up his dirty clothes and putting them in the hamper.

When her oldest son was 10, he stomped out of his room one day and told her that she needed to do the laundry because he didn’t have any clean uniforms for school. That was the day she taught him to do his own wash.

And chores like washing windows and mowing the lawn are something the family can do together to make their home nicer.

(By Nanci Hellmich USA TODAY)

13. Work in pairs. You are busy with housework. Restore the dialogues. Use the word combinations below.

1) A: Hello, come in. Don’t mind the mess. I’m just …….

    B: Oh, what a pity you are busy.

    A: Don’t worry. It never takes me much time  …….

2) A: Let me…..

    B: ……, you may ……..

     A: Don’t you want to ……..? Do you mind if I open the window?

     B:  Oh, no. I don’t mind it a bit.

3)  A:Wait a moment. I have to wash up …...

     B: Somebody else can do it, I think.

     A: Certainly, everybody can, but today it’s ….. to do it.

4)   A: ……….? Is it the fridge again?

     B: No It’s not the fridge. …….

     A: Oh? Well, what’s wrong with it?

     B: Well, I think …….  with the temperature control. Everything I try to cook         

           gets burnt.

     A: Really? OK, I’ll get someone to look at it right away.

What can I do for you?           

…water the flowers

It’s oven this time.                    

…help you

…my turn

…the dishes                             

… something’s wrong

… air the room

…doing the room                    

… scrubbing brush

…to tidy up the room        

       If you don’t mind…

14. Some students live in the hostels and some rent rooms or flats with their group-mates. Look up and say which of these viewpoints are expressed in the text.

  1.  a. Living with somebody in one flat has both benefits and drawbacks.

b. Sharing a flat doesn’t have any advantages.

     c. If you share a flat with somebody you are a lucky person.

2)  a. Sharing a flat with some people is more expensive than living on your


     b. You pay less if you live in one flat with somebody.

     c. If you share a flat with somebody you pay as much as if you lived by


  1.  a. When you live with somebody you share all the housework.

b. Sharing a flat with somebody means that you have to do twice as much

   housework as living alone.

c. If you live in one flat with somebody you don’t have any household


  1.  a. Living apart from your parents is sometimes dangerous for your health.

b. When you live far from your parents you feel bored and depressed.

c. It’s both interesting and pleasant to live apart from your parents for the

   first time.

  1.  a. An ideal thing is to have your own flat.

b. To live with your parents is the best way.

c. Best of all is to live with people of your own age.


Sharing a flat certainly has some advantages. To begin with, it should be cheaper, and if you are sharing with people that you get on well with, it is nice to have some company at home rather than being all on your own. Also the household chores are shared, and that is very important. Particularly when you are younger, and you are living apart from your parents for the first time, it can be very enjoyable to live with people of your own age, whose interests and lifestyle you share.

However, sharing a flat does have some distinct disadvantages, and the main one is that the flat is not your own. So you cannot do what you want in it. What happens if you want to go to bed but your flatmate wants to play music? To a certain extent you have to be unselfish. What is more, there can be little privacy.

I would say that as you get older, it is probably better to live on your own. Having had my own flat for a few years, I would not like to have to share again.

15. Renting a Flat

A young engineer is talking about how he had to rent a house. Read this story and put each of the following words or phrases in its correct position. Talk about your experience in renting a flat.

deposit          fee     flat         advertisements          self-contained

landlord        rent    block     references                  accommodation agency

 a) The first thing I had to do in London was to find somewhere to live, if possible a small, one-bedroomed (a)________. I didn’t want to share a kitchen or toilet; I wanted to be independent in my own (b)________ place. I decided I could pay a (c)________ of  ₤50 a week. I couldn’t find what

I wanted in the newspaper (d)________ so I went to an (e)________. They offered me a nice place.

It was in a modern (f)________ on the third floor. I had to pay the agency a (g)________, and

the (h)________ wanted a big (i)________ and (j)________ from my employer and bank manager.

16. Work in pairs. You are looking for a new flat to rent. Restore the dialogues. Use the word combinations and sentences from the box given bellow.

1) A:  Good morning! May I help you?

   B: ……..

   A: And what kind of place are you looking for?

   B: Well, we have two young children, so we’d like a place that’s ……

   A: I see. Well, we have a very nice three-bedroom house that is located in a nice area.

2) A: Then go and see my room. There are all necessary pieces of furniture in it. The room overlooks the park.

    B: Your room is really nice and comfortable. But what about bed linen and would you allow to use the refrigerator?

    A: Yes…..

    B: It isn’t bad indeed. When can we move in?

    A: . …..The room is ready.

 3)  A: I was told that you have an apartment to let.

      B:  Yes, I have   ….

      A: How many bedrooms are there?

      B:  …..

 A: How much is the rent? What are your terms?

B: 89 dollars a week,  ……

A: What about other services?

B: They are  …..

A: Do you think I could have a look at the apartment, please?

B: Yes, sure, but  ….

A: Well, I’d like to see the kitchen then, only to make sure, that it is equipped to cook.

B: This way, please. As you see, it has … 

A: And where is a bathroom?

B: Here it is………. You can put a washing machine here, there is enough room for it.

Any time you like.

…a spare apartment for rent

… including laundry

I hope so. I’m looking for a place to rent.

…to be paid monthly

…it is a mess now, I am afraid

A bath-tub and a shower.

That is included in the rent which is quite reasonable.

…fairly big and pretty quiet

Two bedrooms entirely furnished.

… up-to-date equipment, a new sink and a gas stove

17. a) When people are asked what kind of housing they need or want, the question evokes a variety of answers: “four bedrooms”; “lots of storage space”; “close to my work”; “low rent”; “a quiet neighbourhood”; “a big yard”; “a scenic view”; and so on.

Continue this list.  

b) Work in groups. Read the information about where some people would like to live. Say which variant suits you most of all. Why?

Paul: “Is it big enough?” is perhaps the first question a family asks when it looks at a new house or apartment. I want, for example, a bedroom for me and my wife, a separate bedroom for my children , large closets, a kitchen with a good-sized eating area, a large living room, a library, a patio, a two-car garage, and so on. I would like to have as much space as I can afford.

Mary: There is a separate dining room in my flat now. But I think a dining area adjoining the living room and kitchen would be better for my family. It would be the informal center of family life.

David: In my view, modern homes should have many appliances, a system of hot and cold running water, a central heating system suitable to the climate, an automatic washer and dryer in the laundry room, central air conditioning, a dishwasher.

Alex: It seems to me that kitchen and bathroom floors should be covered with linoleum or tile. The floors of other rooms should be hardwood or covered with permanent carpeting.

Susan: I’m not willing to live in an experimental dwelling. A house should look like a house. I’d like to live in a new modern house. Because old houses may have roofs that sag or leak, cracked foundations and walls, floors that are not level, and doors that do not fit their frames. Work done by a previous occupant—do-it-yourself wiring or plumbing, for example—may be unattractive or even dangerous. Unfortunately, some of these defects may be discovered only after occupancy.

Nick: Well, I would say, that a vital feature of any dwelling is its accessibility to your place of work and to stores, schools, homes of friends and relatives, and other frequently visited places. I’d like to live less than an hour's commuting time from my job.

c) Interview your group-mates. Find out what modern conveniences they would like to have in their houses or flats. Let them express their opinions using the following phrases:

I’d rather…

I wish...

I would prefer...

It would be better...

I would like…

I’d better...

I wouldn’t mind...

18. a) Match the types of dwellings with the correct pictures. Where do you think each type of dwelling can be found? Which is the most economical and which is the most expensive to keep?

skyscraper        block of flats       semi-detached house          terraced house

cottage               mansion             detached house

A                                                    B                                                                C

 D                                                    E                                                       F

e.g. Skyscrapers are found in large cities. They are rather expensive to maintain because they are usually high-class, luxurious buildings.

b) Which one would you like to live in? Justify your opinion.

c)  Do houses in Britain look different from most frequently built houses in your country and city? What do you think? Compare them. Use: but, similarly, however, whereas, both, while, etc. and the words in the box.

Incredibly shabby;  poorly designed; unsanitary; cramped;  noticeable; high class; luxurious; pretty; cosy; grey; unattractive; gloomy; old and deteriorated; attractive; modern; interesting; unusual; nice; high rise; old-fashioned; ugly; usual; ordinary; boring; dull; outmoded; made of brick/stone/concrete/wood; bright; well-maintained

19. Buying a House. Read this story and put each of the following words or phrases in its correct position. Why did Tony and Sheila decide to buy a new house? Say if you’d like to live in a detached house. Explain why or why not. If your parents or grandparents decided to sell their house or flat, what would you recommend them to do?

condition           detached            estate agent           terraced             spacious

builder       semi-detached      architect       surveyor        cramped       removals

Tony and Sheila’s first home was a (a)________ house, one of a line of houses all connected. But several years later when they had a small child, they found it rather (b)________for three people. They wanted something more (c)________ and so decided to move. They went to an (d)________ and looked at details of the houses he had to offer. They looked at a (e)________ house (one of a pair attached to each other), liked it, and asked a (f)________ to inspect it for them. He said it was in good (g)________, and they therefore decided to buy it. Luckily they sold their house quickly and soon a (h)________ firm was taking all their furniture and other possessions to their new home. But already, after a couple of years, they are hoping to move again. Tony’s business is doing well and they want to get an (i)________ to design a modern, (j)________ house for them, and a (k)________ to build it.

20. Work in pairs. Continue the dialogue between two friends according to the logical scheme offered below.

A: You are not still looking for a flat, are you?

B: Yes, I’ve been looking for six weeks now. It’s driving me mad, you know.

A: Offering to do something for someone.

B: Accepting an offer of help.

A: Asking about preferences.

B Saying what you prefer.

A: Asking about preferences.

B Saying what you prefer.

A: Asking about preferences.

B Saying what you prefer.

Offering to do something for someone: Shall I…? Can I help? Is there anything I can do…?

Accepting an offer of help: Thank you. That’s very kind of you. Lovely.

Asking about preferences: Do you prefer … or…? Would you rather … or …? Which would you prefer: … or…? Which appeals more: … or…?

Saying what you prefer: I’d prefer…; I’d rather…; I like …more than…;

21. a) Advertisers use abbreviations in classified advertisements for houses and flats. These are shortened versions of words (hse = house). Read the advertisements. Use the words below as a checklist. Then work with another student and write out the advertisements in full.

century   living room   near or  nearest offer   British Rail

garden   double   large   house   luxury   station  

detached   reception   overlooking   per calendar month

breakfast room   kitchen   bathroom   central heating

cloakroom   garage   bedroom

b) Now read through the ads below quickly and find the answers to these questions.

  1.  Which property is likely to be:

a) the oldest?   b) the largest?   c) the smallest?

  1.  Which two properties are to let?
  2.  Which two properties can accommodate two cars?

     A                                                     B                                                    C


Det 20s hse, 3 bd, 3 rec,

study, large kit/brkfst, clkrm.

Lge drive. Gge. 30m gdn.

Close BR stn. For quick sale.



M9 8km. C17 period hse in
quiet location nr village. 2 rec,

lux fitted kit, 3-4 bds & 2 bth.
Stone barn can convert to 2 bd
hse, excellent for garaging &
storage. £165,000.

Attractive unfurnished 2 bd
flat to let in village by sea.
Large kit, bth, living overlkg
golf course.  Ideal retired
single person/couple. CH.

Rent from £371 pcm.

   D                                                          E


Penthouse flat overlkg

beautiful countryside. Central

situation, 8 min walk BR stn,

6min shops, 10 min M9.

Entrance hall, 2 dbl bd, lge

living, kit, bth. £72,500 o.n.o.


Outstanding country hse in immaculate condition. Lovely gdn with view of beautiful countryside.

4 rec, 5 bd, 3 bth, superb kit, gges, tennis court. Fully furnished.

Rent £2,800 pcm

c)  Go through the ads more carefully and discuss these points with another student. Give reasons for your opinions.

Which property would be most likely to appeal to:

  1.   a man of 70 who likes playing golf?
  2.   a Hollywood film star and his wife, secretary, manager and servant, making a film in Britain?
  3.   a businessman with a teenage son and daughter, who commutes to the city by rail?
  4.   a writer who wants to escape from city life, but needs to entertain her family and friends from time to time and be within reach of the city by car if necessary?

22. Examine the network and reproduce the topic “House and home” supplying the necessary factual and imaginative details so as to present some ideas to your group-mates.



vacuum cleaner


for food

electrical household goods






for housework

household chores


entrance hall



block of flats






country cottage


types of houses


House and Home

23. Comment on the following statements and give your own ideas.

1. Everyone needs housing of some kind. But housing standards vary in different countries.

2. Our home is a place at which we feel comfortable and at ease.

3. Family roles are changing now.

4. An ad in the newspaper enables home-seeking families to find flats and houses.

5. The house is in excellent condition.

24. Situations to discuss:

  1.  You spent last Sunday at your friend’s summer house.

Tell your mother what you liked and disliked about the house and its premises.

  1.  Discuss with your friend what house you’d like to buy, what you’d like to have around the house, in what area you’d like it to be located, etc.
  2.  You are a real estate agent. Help your client to find a house/flat he/she is

interested in.

  1.  You have a room for rent. Show it to a possible tenant and discuss it with


II. Writing Section.

1. Designing rooms. You work in television. You design sets. You're going to design the set for a new TV drama Different lives - different dreams. Read about the main characters. Do you think their homes are similar?

2. In pairs.  Design one of the four living rooms. Talk about these things and then write your ideas.

- What kinds of things do you think are in the living room (furniture, flowers, books, CDs, pictures, magazines, things from holidays, etc.)?

- What does the room look like? Is it modern or traditional? Is it tidy or untidy? What colours are there?

c) In groups of four. Read your descriptions to each other but don't say whose room it is. Can the other pair guess?

Example: It's a very modern room with big windows. The walls are white and there's a …

Different lives - different dreams

This is a modern psychological drama about the very different lifestyles, ambitions and dreams of the members of one family. All of the action takes place in the different living rooms of the main characters.

Cordelia and Henry O'Connell

Cordelia and Henry are in their late fifties. Cordelia is from a very rich family but she and Henry don't have a lot of money any more. They have an old house in the country and they've lived there for many years. They used to be hippies and they still have a free and easy lifestyle. They've travelled a lot and love India and Latin America. Their house is full of things they've bought on their travels.

Bob: (Cordelia and Henry's son)

Bob is in his late twenties and is an ambitious young businessman. He has worked in a bank in London since he left university and he's now very successful.  He always has beautiful, rich girlfriends. He has a large luxury flat in the city centre. His flat is a financial investment and so are the things in it.

Carol: (Cordelia and Henry's daughter)

Carol is a fashion designer and her husband, Justin, is an architect. They're both in their early thirties. They have a modern house in the city. They're always looking for new ideas and hate anything traditional. They want to be different from other people. Their friends are designers and artists and they often buy their work. They don't have children and they don't want them – children are too untidy!

Ophelia: (Cordelia's sister)

Ophelia is in her late fifties, but thinks she's still twenty. She has been married seven times. She's single at the moment, but she's looking for husband number eight. She loves romance and glamorous parties. She has spent a lot of time on the French Riviera. She writes romantic novels and makes a lot of money.

3. Imagine that you are an estate agent. You sell flats, houses, country houses, etc. You are good at making houses sound attractive, even when they are in a terrible condition. Write adverts for them.

III. Case-Study

One of your group-mates is very untidy. His mother is always complaining about him. His untidiness is an object of ridicule. He admits this but he doesn’t know what to do. He needs help. Give him some pieces of advice about what to do to solve his problem. Use SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL given in the text-book and your own audio and video material to help your group-mate.

Comprehensive Prolonged Project

Day 2nd:  Accommodating in the hostel.

The room in the hostel is at your disposal. You share it with two students from Brazil. Now you are trying to make it cosy. Describe what you would do to make it comfortable.



Active Vocabulary

Nouns and Noun Phrases



1. что-л. возбуждающее аппетит, придающее вкус; 2. закуска в начале обеда


  the first ~

  the main ~

  meat ~

  a three- ~ dinner



  первое блюдо

  второе блюдо

  мясное блюдо

обед из трех блюд



столовые приборы



1. блюдо, тарелка, миска; чашка; посуда;

2. блюдо, кушанье


 fast ~

 junk ~ 


пища, питание

  продукты быстрого приготовления

  быстрая и вредная еда


  to be in the ~ of


привычка, обыкновение; обычай

  иметь обыкновение


  ~ of smth





принятие пищи; еда



рассол; маринад



птица (домашняя)


  to have a ~ (bite)


легкая закуска

  закусить, перекусить



отличительная черта, особенность




Verbs and Verb Phrases


  ~ yourself

  ~ oneself to smth


раздавать, угощать, передавать (за столом)

  берите, пожалуйста (сами), не церемоньтесь;

  предлагать (кому-либо что-либо)


   mashed potatoes


разминать пюре






солить, мариновать



жарить(ся); печь(ся); греть(ся)



подавать (на стол)



варить на пару


  ~ed fruit


тушить(ся), варить(ся)



  ~ smb to smth



  угощать (кого-либо чем-либо)



  (syn tasty)


очень вкусный



1. пряный, ароматный; 2. пикантный, острый




Passive Vocabulary

Nouns and Noun Phrases






суп, мясной отвар, бульон



посуда (глиняная, фаянсовая)






мясо молодого барашка



печенка, ливер









пряное, острое блюдо



ломтик, ломоть; тонкий слой чего-л.


  beef - ~


кусок мяса или рыбы (для жаренья)








снимать кору, кожицу, шелуху; очищать (фрукты, овощи)



начинять, фаршировать




1. питательный; 2. диетный



1. вкусный; 2. острый, пикантный



тонкий, стройный

I. Oral Practice Section

1. Look through the statements/ proverbs and try to outline the problems to be discussed.

  1.  Eating is one of the greatest pleasures available. In the modern world we tend to eat too quickly and not well enough.
  2.  Tastes differ.
  3.  Dry bread at home is better than roast meat abroad.
  4.  A very popular pastime today is eating out.

2. You’ve got some information about eating habits of young people. Say why some people eat so much junk food nowadays and what junk food is. Replace the words in bold type by the synonyms given in the box.

In today’s fast-moving world, people have less and less time to spend eating, let alone cooking. It is probably for this reason that junk food has become so popular, and there’s no doubt that it’s here to stay.

So what exactly is junk food? Basically, it is anything that is high in calories but lacking in nutrition. Hamburgers, crisps, chocolate bars and hot dogs fall into this category. Pizzas, although they can have vegetables and cheese toppings, are also included as they contain a lot of fat.  

Why have our eating habits changed? “It’s lack of time and loss of tradition”, says one expert. He explains that people are too busy too cook and eat proper meals, so they grab whatever is available – and that is usually junk food. Also, the style of life represented on TV, especially in music videos, is fast. Young people pick up the idea that speed means excitement, whereas anything traditional is slow and boring. As a result, they turn down traditional food and go for junk food instead.

   have a bite; make food; have meals; absence; appropriate; have a snack; fast; usual; prepare meals; making food

3. Tell your friend about English eating traditions choosing the right preposition from the brackets.

There are four meals a day (in, on, with) an English home: breakfast, lunch, tea and dinner. English breakfast is generally a bigger meal than (at, on, in) the Continent, though some English people like a “continental” breakfast (with, for, of) rolls and butter and coffee. But the usual English breakfast is porridge or “Corn Flakes” (at, with, by) milk or cream and sugar, bacon and eggs, marmalade (with, on, upon) buttered toast and tea or coffee. (To, for, on) a change they can have a boiled egg, cold ham, or perhaps fish.

The usual time (on, to, for) lunch is (about, on, with) one o’clock. The mid-day meal usually consists (with, at, of) two courses – a meat course or poultry (with, upon, at) vegetables and then sweet dish, perhaps fruit pudding (to, with, for) tea or coffee (on, for, to) finish.

(From, at, to) four (at, on, to) five they have a very light meal called afternoon tea or 5 o’clock tea. You can hardly call it a meal. It’s rather occasion (at, in, by) the late afternoon (about, at, upon) which they have a cup (with, of, into) tea and a cake or a biscuit.

Some people have the so-called “high-tea”. It’s a meal taken between five and six if dinner is not taken (in, at, on) the evening. Usually it’s a more substantial meal than afternoon tea.

Dinner is the fourth meal (at, of, in) the day. The usual time is (about, on, in) 7 o’clock. Dinner usually consists (into, of, by) soup, fish or meat (with, on, for) vegetables – potatoes, green beans, carrot and cabbage, sweet pudding, fruit salad, ice-cream or cheese and biscuits. Then (upon, after, at) a talk they have black or white coffee.

This is the order (about, with, of) meals among English families. But the greater part (of, to, about) the people has dinner (at, on, in) the middle (on, of, at) the day instead (of, in, at) lunch. They have tea a little later – between 5 and 6 o’clock, and then (after, in, on) the evening, before going (in, to, on) bed, they have supper.

So the four meals (in, at, of) the day are either breakfast, dinner, tea, supper; or breakfast, lunch, tea, dinner.

4. Work in pairs. Using the table below, say which of these cooking methods you would use for the ingredients below.

Cooking methods:




























I think I’d … it/them.

You could either … or … that/those.

It is possible to … them but I’d prefer to … them.

e.g. I think I’d boil or fry eggs.

5. Are you a good cook? Can you make an Apple Charlotte?  Look at the ingredients and instructions below. The instructions are in the wrong order. Can you decide what the correct order should be? There is one extra instruction which you do not need to use

Apple Charlotte

For 4 people


500g apples

150g sugar

the juice and grated peel of a lemon

120g butter

8 large slices of bread


a. Put the cooked apple into the ovenproof dish. Put a slice of bread on the top of the apple.

b. Bake in the oven for 30 minutes.

c. Set the oven to 200°C.

d. Hit the rest of the milk in a saucepan.

e. Put one slice of bread at the bottom of an ovenproof dish and the other slices round the sides.

f. Let it cook for 3 minutes.

g. Cut the crusts off the bread. Put each slice of bread into the melted butter.

h. Peel, core and slice the apples.

i. Put 2 table spoons of sugar over the top of the pudding. Serve hot with custard sauce or cream.

j. Stir the mixture often. At the same time, in a small saucepan, melt the rest of the butter.

k. Cook them in a large saucepan with 150g sugar, the grated lemon peel and a teaspoon of butter.

l. When the apples are soft, add the juice of the lemon and beat the mixture well.

Now teach your cousin to cook the Apple Charlotte.

6. Work in groups. There is some information about formal rules of table setting. Look at the picture and fill in the gaps in the passage, using the key words in the table below. Don’t forget about the articles.





1. fish knife

4. dessert

6. dessert fork

10. champagne flute

2. large table knife

5. soup spoon

7. small fork for salads

11. large wineglass for red wine

3. small bread knife

8. fish fork

12. small wineglass for white wine

9. large fork

13. sherry glass

The basic rule for cutlery, working from the outside in, will usually apply. For a meal with five courses in Britain, one would expect to see … on the out side right, then … ; next to this is … , then … for meat or poultry, and last of all … . On the left would be … , next to this is … , then … for meat or poultry and finally … . To avoid having too many pieces of cutlery on the table at the start of the meal, some courses may have cutlery brought to special dishes such as snails, crab and lobster.

Four glasses will normally be arranged at the top right-hand corner of each place setting. These are used in the opposite order to the cutlery. Working from the inside out, you will find first … (it is served with the soup); next comes … , then … and finally … (champagne accompanies the dessert). A large goblet for water may be placed behind these glasses.

7. Using this information and word combinations from the table given below, tell how you will set the table at home for dinner.

to lay the table; to place; to be placed; to the right; to the left

8. Work in pairs. You are at the table. Restore the dialogues.

a) Use the questions from the box given below.

1)  A: Your fish salad is delicious! …?

    B: Certainly you are welcome.

2)  A: …?

    B: Here you are.

    A: Thank you.

3)  A: …?

    B:  No, I’m afraid not.

4)  A: …?

    B: No, thank you I had enough.

5)  A: …?

    B: Oh, it’s no trouble at all. Here it is.

6)  A: … ?

    B: Yes, I’d love one.

 A: … ?

 B: A strong one with three spoons of sugar for me, please.

May I trouble you for a pepper?

Could you pass me the bread?

Would you care for a cup of tea?

Can I have another helping?

How do you like it?

Have another cup of tea?

Do we have any coffee left?

b) Use the word combinations from the box given below.

  1.  A: These cookies are delicious! Can I have another one?

     B: … .

  1.  A: Do we have any mushroom soup left?

     B: Yes, … .

3)  A: Will you have another helping of salad?

    B: Oh, no … .

4) A: What is there for dinner?

    B: … .

    A: Anything for the dessert?

    B: … .

5)  A: Will you pass me the salt, please?

    B: … .

    A: Thank you.

6)  A: How about a nice cup of tea?

    B: … .

    A: No trouble at all. Do you like it with milk and sugar?

    B: ... .

to warm up; to be too much; for the first course; I’m afraid; not too much trouble; orange juice; to help yourself; for the second course; here you are

9. Work in group of three. You are at the table having breakfast. Take the roles of Mother, Jane and Peter. Reproduce the dialogue filling the gaps with your own words. Use the words/ word combinations after the dialogue.

M: Now, Jane, Peter, sit down and be quick about it, or … .

J:   And … for breakfast?

M:  … , eggs, bread and butter.

P:   … . I like sausage and eggs.

J:   No eggs for me. … with sausage, please.

M: … .

P:   … the salt, Jane.

J: Here you are.

P:  Can I have … ? I like tea with lemon … .

M: … . Here you are. … . Don’t spill the tea. It’s very hot, … .

P: No fear. Thank you. Mom.

J: Can I have cocoa … , Mom?

M: You are … .

P:  I don’t like cocoa. … !

J: You don’t understand anything. Oh, Mom, these cookies … ! Can … one?

M: Of course, … .

P:  … , please.

M:  .

P:   Thank you.

instead of tea

Just a sandwich

I just hate it!

I have another

tea with lemon

you may scald yourself

All right.

help yourself

That’s fine.

are delicious

Here you are

very much

you’ll be late


Pass me

what is there

One for me


Be careful

Sausage, cheese

10. Work in pairs. Describe your usual meals making use of the following word combinations from the box.

1) The usual meals are breakfast, dinner and supper. Specialists consider breakfast … meal of the day, because one is to be energetic during the long hard working day. So far … I usually have … For a change I can have … .

2) Dinner is … meal of the day. As a rule I have dinner … . My … usually begins with … : a little salad, or … or perhaps … . The first course of the dinner is … . For … I have … , or … , sometimes … . Most of all I like … for dinner. Then comes dessert. I prefer … or … . Sometimes I have … or … .  

  1.  Supper is the last meal of the day. … must be a … , because going to bed with a full stomach is harmful for our organism. I usually have … and … for supper.  We also may have … , … or … . … also very tasty.

a light meal; fried eggs; vegetables; the second course; an omelette; meat soup; the most important; Russian salad; a cup of tea; at home; a boiled egg; a piece of herring; buttered toast; sandwiches; juice; soup or broth; at the canteen; pickled or marinated mushrooms; a cup of coffee; bread and butter; lemonade; dinner; macaroni or spaghetti; a starter; porridge; tomatoes or cucumbers; roast chicken and mashed potatoes; sponge cake; cheese; an appetizer; biscuits; noodles; chops; stewed fruit; rolls; stewed meat; fried or boiled potatoes; fresh fruit; buns; coffee or tea; sausage; pies with jam or marmalade; bacon and eggs; “Corn flakes” with milk; meat pies; pies with cabbage and eggs; a sandwich; the most substantial; the biggest; chicken soup; roast meat; canned fruit

11. Look up and say which of these viewpoints are expressed in the text.

1) a. Eating habits are established early in life.

   b. Food tastes and preferences are established late in life.

   c. Some people are born “sugar freaks”, others salt cravers.

2) a. You should not eat vegetables at all.

   b. You should eat a lot of fat meat, it is good for your health.

   c. You should eat fruit and vegetables at least once a day.

3) a. Eating yogurt is better for your heart than eating so-called “junk” foods.

b. Junk food that is high in sugar and calories is good for your heart.

   c. A diet that is high in animal fat and low in fibre does not provoke any heart disease.

4) a. People who eat much chocolate never put in weight.

   b. People know that if they stick to a low-fat, high fibre intake they will be able to eat well without putting on weight.

   c. People who eat only fast food are always slim.

Do You Eat the Right Food?

What do we mean by a well-balanced diet? This is a diet that contains daily servings from each of the basic food groups: meat, vegetable and fruit, milk, bread and cereals. There’s no doubt that food tastes and preferences are established early in life. No one is born a “sugar freak” or a salt craver. An incredible statistic is that between 30 and 50% of all the calories eaten each day are consumed in the form of between-meal snacks. Unfortunately, the usual between-meal foods are low in nutritive value and too high in calories and refined sugar. Some excellent snacks that should always be available are plain yogurt, carrots, pieces of apple, cheese and natural fruit juice. Eating yogurt as a snack food is far healthier and more nutritionally sound than eating so-called “junk” foods, which are less nutritious and too high in sugar and calories. Salted peanuts seem to be the least popular snack today.

People who diet know that if they stick to a low-fat, high-fibre intake they will be able to eat well without putting on weight. Instead of going on crash diets they are learning to educate their stomachs by eating sensible food. They can still enjoy chocolates and cream cakes once a week or so, but they know they have to cut down their intake slightly the next day.

Research is indicating that “we are what we eat.” Recent work shows that Italians, who tend to eat lots of fresh fruit and vegetables that contain vitamins C and E, have low levels of heart attacks. The Scots however, tend to have a diet that is high in animal fat and low in fibre. Heart disease is a widespread problem in Scotland.

12. In the following dialogue examine some unfinished pieces of argumentation and select among of the given arguments the one that can be added in full accordance with the speaker’s viewpoint.

1) A: I’m awfully thirsty.

   B: Would you like a glass of orange juice?

   A: Thanks, I’d love one. I like orange juice very much.

   B: And I prefer apple juice.

   C: Tastes differ. …

a) You know, but some of juices are very dangerous for people’s life. They can provoke heart disease.

b) All juices are good for health: tomato, apple, apricot and, of course, pine apple juice. All of them contain many vitamins.

c) I don’t drink juices at all. I think they are not useful.

2) A: What shall we have?

   B: The three-course meal, I suppose.

   A: Well, you choose.

   B: Let’s start with smoked herring.

   A: But I prefer to start with vegetables. …

a) I’m on a slimming diet. It allows me a little boiled meat or fish, a few hard-boiled eggs, some cheese and a lot of vegetables: lettuce, cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers; and a lot of fruits. No cakes, no chocolate and very little salt.

b) I’m vegetarian. I need a lot of vegetables: lettuce, cabbage, tomatoes and cucumbers. Vegetables are an essential part of my diet as they contain a lot of nutrients. And then, for the main course I’ll take grilled chicken.

c) And for the main course I’d like good pork. It contains a lot of fat. It is good for my figure.

3) A: How many meals a day do you usually have?

   B: I have four meals a day: a light breakfast, lunch, dinner – the heaviest meal, and supper.

   A: As for me I have only three meals a day: breakfast, just a snack during my working day and supper, which is the most substantial meal of my day.

   B: I think it’s not very healthy. …

a) I think that substantial supper in the late evening means slimming for you.

b) After heavy supper you always have sweet dreams.

c) Go to bed with full stomach is harmful for our organism.

4) A: Have you ever tasted Mexican dishes?

   B: I’ve never been to Mexico. What do you think of spicy food?

   A: I avoid it. …

a) Spicy food reduces the appetite.

b) I prefer everything natural. Not every person can stand spicy food.

c) It is the favourite food of children.

5) A: Are you vegetarian?

   B: I think none of us is vegetarian. I must confess I like good food, the occasional beer, cheerful people, theatres and a lovely music.

   A: Is it your keep-fit programme?

   B: Yes, it is. My motto is …

a) “Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.”

b) “After dinner sleep a while, after supper walk a mile.”

c) “Eat at pleasure, drink with measure and enjoy life as it is.”


13. The illustrations, names and nationalities for four dishes have been mixed. Which name goes with each of those dishes? And which photo illustrates each dish? Characterize each of these dishes using the box given below.









a. English                        b. Italian                    c. Belarusian                  d. American


high/ low quality; fat; tasty; (un)healthy; to be high in calories; low in vital nutrients; bitter; spicy

14. Work in pairs. You want to go to the restaurant with your friend tonight. You are to book a table at the restaurant. Continue the dialogue between you (A) and the restaurant’s manager (M) according to the logical scheme offered below. The given table will help you.

A: Greeting.

M: Greeting. Offering to do something.

A: Asking for information.

M: Regretting.

A: Asking for new information.

M: Agreeing. Asking the time.

A: Replying.

M: Suggesting.

A: Agreeing.

M: Asking the name.

A: Certainly. My name is … .

M: And your phone number, please?

A: The number is … .

M: I’ve got your order, Mr. … . That’s a table for two for tomorrow, at seven o’clock.

A: Thank you.

May I help you?

Can I help … ?

Could I … ?

Can I … , please?

May I … ?

I’m sorry …

I think you’ve phoned too late …

What about …

I’d like to know, (please) about …

I suggest …

I’d like to suggest …

May I suggest …

That’s quite right.

Could you tell me …

15. Work in pairs. You are at the restaurant. Look through the menu and continue the dialogue between you (A) and a waiter (W) according to the logical scheme offered below. The given table will help you.



Tomato soup

Chicken broth

Vegetable soup

Mushrooms in cheese sauce


French fried potatoes

French beans




Main Course

Roast beef

Grilled chicken

Roast chicken with special stuffing

Veal escalope

Lamb chop

Roast lamb


Apple pie and cream

Fruit salad

Cheese and biscuits

Strawberries and cream

Ice cream


Orange juice

Wine (red, white)




W: Good afternoon, sir. Do you have a reservation?

A: Yes, the name is … . I booked a table by telephone.

W: Would you like this table by the window?

A: Thanking.

W: Offering menu.        

A: Asking for advise.

W: Offering starters.

A: Making a choice.

W: Suggesting the meat course.

A: Making a choice.

W: Suggesting vegetables.

A: Making a choice. Asking for dessert.

W: Asking about likes.

A:  Expressing likes. Making a choice of drinks.

W: Approving.

Fine, thank you.

Thank you very much.

Here is … .

What would you advise?

What do you recommend?

Do you think I should …?

I’d like …

You could …

How about … ?

I propose …

May I suggest … , then?

Would you like … ?

Won’t you have … ?

Can I offer you … ?

What about …

Do you like … ?

I like …

That’s fine.

That’s all right.

16. Work in groups. Look at the photos. Think of what each place looks like, what type and quality of food is served in these restaurants, what kind of service you would expect, and what prices they charge. Continue each piece by adding a few sentences using the word combinations from the box given below.


This is a picture of a fast food restaurant. It is called McDonald’s. It serves different burgers and chips.

This picture shows an expensive restaurant which is called … . It would serve all types of food: fish, steak, different types of pasta and fresh vegetables.



This is a traditional Belarusian restaurant. Its name is “Belarusian bistro”. It serves only national Belarusian dishes such as krupnik, babka, draniki.

to be not very healthy; not to wait for a waiter; to be of very high quality; few/a lot of items on the menu; to be popular; to be very quick; to stay and talk with friends; friendly and quick service; polite but slow; to dance

17. Many people have supper at home, but some of them like to go to the restaurant or visit their friends. Ask your partner where he/she prefers to have supper. Let him/her explain why he/she does so. Use the following formulas from the table.

  1.  I like to go to the restaurant.
  2.  I prefer home-made dishes.
  3.  I’m fond of visiting my friends and having supper with them.

I think; However; In spite of the fact that; Moreover; I believe; In my opinion; As a matter of fact; As for me

18. Give your own ideas on any of the following problems.

1) Fast food is tasty, convenient, rather cheap but very bad for you.

2) In the world 30 million people die of starvation each year because they have not enough food.

3) Healthy food is expensive.

4) In developed countries many young women stop eating in order to lose their weight and get serious diseases.

5) Eating disorders are very common in western countries which involve a pathological desire not to gain weight.

19. Comment on the following statements.

1) You are what you eat.

2) Do we eat to live or live to eat?

3) The food you eat can influence your mood, health and attitude to life.

4) The secret to a longer life is a balanced diet and regular exercises.

5) To be on a diet is boring.

20. Examine the network  and reproduce the topic “Eating Habits” supplying the necessary factual and imaginative details so as to present some ideas to your groupmates.

first course


traditional food

to order

junk food




eating habits

at … o’clock


eating out

to serve




been guest


at home


to cook

for a change



to boil

the lightest

21. a) You are a reporter from the town’s daily newspaper, Zhdorovje. Your task is to interview some passers-by near McDonald’s. Make up some questions you may ask people.

b) You are standing in front of McDonald’s and conducting interviews with: a) a student; b) a woman with a child; c) a businessman on advantages and disadvantages of McDonald’s food.

II. Writing Section

1.. Imagine that a foreign friend asked you for the recipe of a typical national dish which is a speciality of your country. Decide on a suitable (fairly simple) national dish. Write a letter to your friend. Explain why you have chosen this dish and how the dish can be prepared.

III. Role Play.

You are expecting guests from Great Britain to come to visit you. You have to get ready to make them welcome to your house. Choose one of these roles: Mother, Father, Daughter, Son, Grandmother, Grandfather, Guests.

If you are the members of the family, follow these instructions:

1) make up the menu;

2) set the table for dinner;

3) meet the guests;

4) keep up the conversation at the table.

If you are guests follow these instructions:

1) get acquainted with the family;

2) keep up the conversation at the table;

3) give your attitude towards the proposed dishes; 

3) give your impressions of the visit.

Comprehensive Prolonged Project

Day 3d:  Visiting an English Family

One of the students you have got acquainted is from Manchester University. He has invited you for dinner with his family. Speak about special features of Belarusian cuisine and ask him about traditional British dishes.



Active Vocabulary

Nouns and Noun Phrases


 to pay attention to




 course of study  

 post-graduate  ~                        doctorate courses



учебный курс










/di'pRtmqnt /  

отделение; кафедра


   to be at the                disposal of smb.

/dIs'pqVzl /  

возможность распорядиться чем-либо

      быть в чьем-то распоряжении


/'fxkltI /  



~ examinations 


вход, прием, поступление

   вступительные экзамены

first-year student 


full-time students 

студенты, проходящие очный курс обучения

part-time students

студенты, проходящие заочный курс обучения













    teaching staff  

/'stRf /  

штат служащих, служебный персонал

        преподавательский состав


/'tE:m /  


Verbs and Verb Phrases


/ qd'mIt /  



/ q'kwaIq /

приобретать, получать, овладевать

be in one’s first (second, …) year

быть на первом (втором, …) курсе

be interested in smth.

интересоваться чем-либо

enter a university


поступать в университет

get ready for, (syn.) to prepare for smth.

готовиться к чему-либо


~ from a university 

/'grxdjVeIt /

заканчивать (получать степень)  

   заканчивать университет

miss (classes)


пропускать (занятия)

pass an exam  

выдержать (сдать) экзамен

take an exam 

сдавать экзамен

take a course (subject)

изучать курс (предмет)

take notes of smth

делать заметки, записывать, конспектировать

work at smth

работать над чем -то










необязательный, факультативный

Passive Vocabulary

Nouns and Noun Phrases






курс обучения, учебный план (школы, института, университета )






(жизненный) опыт



возможности, условия; оборудование






подготовка, обучение

Verbs and Verb Phrases


(in knowledge)

/ qd'vRns /

углублять знания, делать успехи






основывать, учреждать, создавать




manage (with)




/'mRstq /

изучать, овладевать







продвинутый, успевающий (о студенте)

extra-mural (syn. correspondence)

/'Fkstrq 'mju:rl/ 


I. Oral Practice Section

1. Look through the statements and try to outline the problems to be discussed:

1. Entering university is a real trial, but where there is a will there is a way.

2. No pains, no gains. The students should take great pains with their classes to gain as much knowledge as possible.

3. Swotting is not the only way of getting ready for exams.

4. While planning their everyday activities students never forget the proverb: “Business before pleasure.”

5. If you don’t practise you can’t learn English. Practice makes perfect.

2. You’ve got some information about Ann’s entering University. Speak of your own experience to your group-mates. Replace the underlined words by the synonyms given in the box.

Ann is eighteen. At school she made up her mind to enter the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics. She always took an active part in social activities and scientific work at school. Ann has always been interested in radioengineering.  In June she left school and got her school leaving certificate. Then she took her entrance examinations in July, passed them well and was admitted to the University. Now Ann is a first-year student. She studies full-time. Ann likes her studies at the University, though it takes much time to get ready for classes.

in her first year        participated      decided       prepare     was enrolled       fond of

3. There is some information about educational system in Great Britain. Compare our system of education with that of Great Britain, using the key words in the box below.

terms                       academic               degree                  grant                     seminar   

graduate                  break up                 lecture                   fees                      tutorial

The (a)_______  year in Britain begins in September and is divided into three (b)_________. Universities (c)________ for the summer holiday in July. University courses normally last three years and then students (d)________, which means they receive their (e)_________. At university, teaching is by (f)________ (an individual lesson between a teacher and one or two students), (g)________ (a class of students discussing a subject with a teacher), (h)________ (when a teacher gives a prepared talk to a number of students) and of course private study. Most people who receive a university place are given a (i)________ by the government to help pay their (j)________ and living expenses.

4. Reproduce these pieces of explanation on different kinds of classes choosing the right words from the columns. Speak about the kinds of work you do at University.

University offers theoretical and practical work. Theoretical course (a)_________ lectures. A lecture is a talk given in order to teach people about a (b)___________ subject. At the lectures you take notes. Those who miss a lecture usually copy up the (c)__________ if they wish to be successful at the exam. Practical course consists of practicals, seminars, laboratory works and tutorials. A practical is a class in which you make things or do experiments rather than (d)_______ write. A seminar is a class in which the teacher and a small group of students (e)_________ a topic. When you have seminars, you spend a lot of time in the reading-hall revising the material. A laboratory work means carrying out scientific (f)_______ and research. A tutorial is a regular meeting for a tutor and a small group of students.





to include




to particularize




to note




to simplify




to discuss




to experiment




5. Work in pairs. Restore the dialogue between two first-year students Alex and Ben talking about their university studies from the questions below:

A: - What subjects are studied at the University?

B: …

A: -Should we attend all lectures, seminars and practicals?

B: …

A: - And what happens if a student misses some?

B: …

A: - We are to take examinations twice a year, aren’t we?

B: …

A: -What happens if a student fails in a subject?

B: …

6. Work in pairs. Restore the dialogue between Alex and Ben from the replies below. Now they are talking about their learning English. Use the word combinations in brackets.

A: … (to learn English)?

B: Yes, but I don’t have enough time for it. I have so many other things to do.

A: … (to be good at something)?

B: I am pretty good at reading English but I still find it difficult to speak English fluently. And I don’t always understand people when they speak English to me.

A: … (to watch English programs on TV)?

B: Certainly. That helps me to understand spoken English but not to speak English.

A: … (to speak English often)

B: Unfortunately, not. But I realize it’s the best way to master a language.

7. Restore the dialogue matching the questions and the replies, given below:

A:    You must be Tim, Jeff’s new roommate.

B:   Yeah, I’ve heard a lot about the students life. I think I’ll manage with it.

A:   You’ll have to manage with many other things: exams, boring seminars and labs, unending lectures.

B:    It’s OK. I like it. But I feel a little confused as I know nobody around here except for Jeff.

A:    Hi, I’m Andy. I’m your neighbour, I live in room 204.

B:    Oh, hello Andy! Nice to meet you!

A:   Don’t worry, you’ll get over it soon. It’s great to be a student. At first, it’s a bit difficult  to   get up early, to hurry to the University and sit 3 or 4 lectures a day, but you’ll  get used to. Everyone does.

B:    Exactly.

A:    As far as I know you are a first-year student. How do you find the dorm?

B: Well, it seems to be difficult but I’ll try to do it.

8. Work in groups. Read the opinions of two experienced teachers of English and discuss which pieces of advice are the most useful ones. Find which words or phrases mean:

a) you won’t make much progress……………..?

b) become angry because you can’t do what you want to do ………………?

c) see and pay attention to ……………?

d) often and carefully, and in an organized way ……………?

e) alone, without help ………………?

f) do something that makes you seem stupid ……………..?

What's the secret of successful language learning?

Alastair Banton is a teacher at a private language school in the UK. He has also taught English in Japan.

  1.  I think the most important thing is that you really have to want to learn the language - without that, you won't get very far. You also have to believe that you will do it ... imagine yourself using the language confidently, and think, 'Yes, I can do that'.
  2.  Then there are other things: of course you need to work hard, but at the same time you need to enjoy it and not get frustrated when you feel you're not making much, progress. And you have to be realistic - learning a language takes time, and you can't expect to know and understand everything in a few weeks!
  3.  Also, you should try to 'develop an ear' for the language - not only to recognise the sounds of the language and to understand what people are saying, but also notice the exact words and phrases that people use ... and then try to use them yourself. Some people can do this naturally, but others have to learn how to do it - that's where having a good teacher is important!  

Teresa Pelc is a teacher of English in Poland. She has taught English in a secondary school for a number of years.

  1.  For me, motivation is the most important thing. You have to be ready to study grammar, read a lot, listen to English songs, radio and TV, and what's more you have to do these things systematically.
  2.  It is so easy to forget what you have just learnt ... that's why I needed a teacher to force me to study. Even the most motivated students need that extra push sometimes. I believe that only a very few people can learn a language on their own.
  3.  Learning a language can be quite stressful, especially for adults ... suddenly, we speak like children and make fools of ourselves! But if you're motivated, you learn to overcome this. It all sounds like very hard work - and it is. It is also very enjoyable - I praise my .students for every thing they do well, however small it is. Many of them are very successful and speak English better than me, and some of them have even become English teachers themselves!

9. Find and read aloud those parts of the text which are concerned with:


       a) the history of BSUIR,

       b) the faculties and the departments of the University,

       c) the teaching staff  of the University,

       d) subjects taught at the University.

                    OUR UNIVERSITY

On September 1, 1964 Minsk Radioengineering Institute admitted students for the first time. The youngest Institute of the Republic was established on the basis of the oldest Polytechnic Institute of the Republic of Belarus. It was assigned to meet the demand of the Republic in highly qualified specialists for evolving national radioelectronic industry.

In 1993 Minsk Radioengineering Institute was granted the status of university and celebrated its 30th anniversary as the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics. Within this period BSUIR has trained thousands of engineers, doctors and candidates of science.

Over 11 thousand students from the country and outside study at its 9 faculties: the Faculty of Computer-Aided Design, the Faculty of Information Technologies and Control, the Faculty of Radioengineering and Electronics, the Faculty of Computer Systems and Networks, the Faculty of Telecommunication, the Faculty of Engineer Economics, the Faculty of Extramural, Evening and Distance Education, the Pre-University Preparation and Occupational Guidance Faculty, the Military Faculty.

Now BSUIR prepares engineering staff on 22 specialities in the field of computer facilities, computer science, radio engineering, microelectronics, telecommunications automated systems, artificial intelligence, medical electronics, and economy.

The educative process and scientific research are conducted by highly competent teaching staff that consists of professors, assistant professors, lecturers and teachers. They give lectures, hold seminars and have practicals with the students in various subjects: physics, higher mathematics, descriptive geometry, technical drawing, etc. Special attention is given to such subjects as computing technology, impulse techniques, analogue and digital computers, theoretical foundations of electroengineering. Nobody can deny vital importance of mastering foreign languages nowadays. English, French, German and Spanish are taught at the University. Students also have an opportunity to study a second foreign language and to advance in one of the foreign languages and to acquire the speciality of a translator.

The University has all necessary facilities for teaching including up-to-date computers and laboratory equipment, robots, closed-circuit TV. A large electronic library is at the students’ disposal.

To sum up, the University provides a good engineering education. The graduates of the University work at computer centres, design offices, industrial enterprises, research laboratories and institutes, joint ventures and banks.

Agree or disagree with the following sentences, in your answers use the expressions of agreement or disagreement:

1. On September 1, 1964 Radioengineering Institute admitted students for the first time.

2. Minsk Radioengineering Institute was established on the basis of the Belarusian State University.

3. Minsk Radioengineering Institute celebrated its 30th anniversary as the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics.

4. Over 7 thousand students study at 6 faculties and 34 departments.

5.  The educative process is conducted by highly competent teaching staff.

6.  The students of the University attend classes of physics, technical drawing, biology, geography.

10. In the following dialogue examine some unfinished pieces of argumentation and select among the given arguments the one that can be added in full accordance with the speaker’s viewpoint.

Alex’s First Examinations Are Coming

A: What university do you study at?

B: The Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics.

A: You’re doing your first year then, aren’t you?

B: Yes, that’s right. I entered it last summer and I’m a first-year student of the Faculty of Computer-Aided Design. I’m very interested in studying radioelectronics but sometimes it’s rather difficult and …

             a) I can do everything in time.

   b) I don’t have much time even for my football practice.

   c) it seems easy for me to prepare for classes.

A: Well, the things are always like that with University studies.

B: I know you are graduating from the University, aren’t you, Nick?

A: It’s not actually a university. I am in my last year at Technical College and, in addition, I often attend public lectures at the University of London.

B: Is it true that your lectures in Great Britain are not compulsory?

A: Well, yes, they are optional.

B: You know, here to prepare well for the seminars and then for credits …  

   a) I should take an active part in extra-curricular activities.

   b) I can miss some lectures and then just copy up notes.

   c) I need to attend all the lectures and to take notes of everything.

A: You’ll have your first examinations soon, I guess. I can’t really remember how I passed my exams for the first time. But I reckon they were easy.

B: Maybe they were easy enough for you but they will be much too hard for me. I’m dead certain I’ll fail in chemistry and descriptive geometry.

A: Oh, come on. You’ll probably do better than you think.

B: No, I’ve already flunked my credit in philosophy …

   a)  It wasn’t really my thing.

   b) It was my favourite subject.

   c) I learned everything by heart.

A: I guess it is difficult for everyone to try to interest oneself in subjects like that.

11. Work in pairs. Start the dialogue between George and Alex discussing their preparation for classes. Use the logical scheme offered below.

A: Greeting.

B: Greeting.

A: Asking for information.

B: Replying. Explaining one’s argument.

A: Disapproval.

B: Correcting someone: Well, in fact …

 Actually …

 As far as I know …

A: Can’t you take the necessary books in the library?

B: Of course, I can. But it’s better to work with a computer display than to read a book. Where do you prefer to do your home assignments?

A: As for me, I like to get prepared for classes at the town library. Sorry, I must be off now. See you, Alex!

B: See you!

12. Work in pairs. Continue the dialogue between Millie and Pete according to the logical scheme offered below.

A: You know, I’ve got to get through the A level exams. I’ll worry about university if and when I ever get there.

B: That’s the trouble with you. You always try to do everything at the last minute, you are a terrible procrastinator!

A: And you are too serious; that’s your trouble. You never stop swotting.

B: Correcting someone.

A: Contradicting.

B: Giving advice: If I were you, I’d …

     You’d better …

     Why don’t you …

A: Refusing

13. Look through the information about digital learning from “Fast Lines at Digital High” by T. Michael Nevens. Think over the pros and cons of digital learning.

Today, with the help of computers and the Internet a lesson could be transformed from a one-way flow of information into an interactive process. Digital learning integrates technology, connectivity, and digital content into the curriculum. It helps students seek and use information in a creative way that gives both them and their teachers a new kind of educational experience.

Although digital tools may never wholly replace the textbook, they could supplement and enhance learning in almost all grades and subjects because they have certain dynamic characteristics that help students take an active part in learning. Students can explore subjects in greater depth. Moreover, because digital content is available in various formats, it can be tailored to student’s individual learning style. Students who learn visually can rely more on charts and video; those who learn analytically can use text and data.


to integrate – объединять

creative – творческий

to supplement – дополнять

to enhance – улучшать

to be tailored = to fit

Answer the following questions:

1) What helps to transform a lesson into an interactive process?

2) Do you believe that digital tools may wholly replace the textbook?

3) Why can digital content be adapted to any student?

4) Do we use digital learning in our schools and universities?

14. Continue each piece by adding a few sentences.


1. Jane is a quick learner. (to have a good memory, to take notes, to enjoy practicing smth, to be witty and sociable, etc.)

2. I think Victor will do well in his exams. (to attend, to do a lot of revision, to make a careful study of smth, to improve)

3. I am sorry to say, Mike is an unsatisfactory student. (to miss classes without a good excuse, to be inattentive in class, never to do any preparation)

4. It isn’t much fun to try and catch up with the group after you’ve missed a lot of classes. (to be behind with/in, to feel inadequate, to have to cover a lot of material, to study on one’s own)

15. Work in groups. Many people believe that studying electronics is rather boring. Ask your partners if they think the same. Let them explain why they think so. Use the following formulas.

I suppose                                   What I mean is

As far as I know                        I’d like to mention

To my mind                               No one can deny the fact that

I can confirm                             To sum up

16. Look through the information about student life at Grinnell College. Then look at the pictures below and say what extra-curricular activities BSUIR offers to its students?

Student Life

Student Life at Grinnell has many aspects, in addition to coursework, which will enrich your experience here. We have an extensive Sports and Athletics program. We offer fun and enriching classes through our Experimental College. Student Affairs offers opportunities for students at Grinnell to become involved in the student government on campus.
We also encourage students to study abroad, and have programs available in many countries throughout the world. Grinnell College offers a very rich and rewarding student life.
Men's Tennis - Grinnell 7, Knox 0

Grinnell defeated Knox 7-0 on Tuesday.

Baseball - Grinnell Splits at 16th-ranked Central

The Pioneer baseball team split a non-conference doubleheader at Central on Tuesday.

Softball - Grinnell 4, Clarke 3

Grinnell defeated Clarke 4-3 on Tuesday.

Softball - Grinnell 4, Central 8

Grinnell fell to Central 8-4 on Tuesday.

Students Life at BSUIR

Students Club

 Brass band

 the group of national Gypsy song

Vocal group

Dance group

Sports Club


17. Give your own ideas on any of the following statements:

1) BSUIR is the national leader among educational institutions of the Republic of Belarus.

2) It’s not fair to take exams.

3) Extra-curricular activities at the University are valuable.

4) Foreign languages are of great importance for highly qualified specialists.

18. Examine the network and reproduce the topic “University Studies” supplying the necessary factual and imaginative details so as to present some ideas to your group-mates.

-to be founded

- 10 faculties

- teaching staff

- subjects

- the graduates


University Studies


- to enter

- to be admitted to

- to study at

- to graduate from


- to take

- to prepare for

- to pass

- to fail in




lab works

to take notes

to attend

to miss

to work at

our classes

extra-curricular activities

Sports Club

Students Club

II. Writing Section.

Write a letter to your English friend about your first months at University. Tell him/her what you like and dislike most.

III. Project-work.

A student comes to his native town for winter vacations. He enjoys his stay at home, relishes his Mum’s food, talks to his neighbours and attends the School Reunion.

Roles: first-year student, his father, his mother, his sister/brother, his former school teacher, his former classmates, his neighbour, his neighbour’s son who is planning to enter the BSUIR.

Comprehensive Prolonged Project

Day 4nd:  Visiting Oxford University.

The group of Belarusian students is invited to Oxford Student Club to share the experience of their university studies and student life.



Nouns and Noun Phrases



власть, власти



законопроект, билль












пейзаж, ландшафт



законодательная власть









пейзаж, вид, ландшафт



узкий пролив




Verbs and Verbal Phrases















делить, владеть совместно













судебный, законный







I. Oral Practice Section

1. Look through the following quotations and try to outline the problems to be discussed.

1. “When people say England, they sometimes mean Great Britain, sometimes the United Kingdom, sometimes the British Isles – but never England”. George Mikes (1912-1987)

2. “When two Englishmen meet, their first talk is of the weather.” Samuel Johnson

3. “When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life; for there is in London all that life can afford.” Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)

4. “… every government is the exact symbol of its people, with their wisdom and unwisdom…” Thomas Carlyle

5. “I hope succeeding generations will be able to idle. I hope that nine-tenths of their time will be leisure time…” Richard Jefferies

2. a) Try to complete the following information about Britain. Then read the text and check. Speak of the characteristic features to your partner.

There are various ways to describe the two large islands and several small islands that are situated off the coast of France:

1. The British Isles refer to …

2. The United Kingdom refers to …

3. Great Britain, or simply Britain refers to …

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (usually shortened to the United Kingdom, the UK, or Britain) is a country and sovereign state that lies to the northwest of Continental Europe with the Republic of Ireland to the west.

The United Kingdom is a political union made up of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It occupies all of the island of Great Britain and the northeast part of the island of Ireland, sharing a land border with the Republic of Ireland.

The United Kingdom is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, and its ancillary bodies of water, including the North Sea, the Strait of Dover, the English Channel,  the Celtic Sea, and the Irish Sea. The United Kingdom is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel, which is located in the south-east of England. The United Kingdom also has fourteen overseas territories, including Bermuda, Gibraltar, the Pitcairn Island group, British Indian Ocean Territory, the Falkland Islands, and British Antarctic Territory among others. The dependencies of the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, formally possessions of the Crown, form a federacy with the United Kingdom collectively known as the British Islands.

The constitutional monarch, Queen Elizabeth II is also the Queen and Head of State of 15 other Commonwealth Realms such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Jamaica. Despite the dissolution of the British Empire and the decline of the UK's influence throughout the world, it remains a significant player in world diplomacy and a Great power.

The United Kingdom is a developed country with the fifth largest economy in the world and second largest in Europe, estimated at $2.2 trillion. It is the third most populous state in the European Union with a population of 60.2 million and is a founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the United Nations (UN), where it holds permanent membership on the Security Council. The UK is a major military power and is an acknowledged nuclear power.

b) Find the synonyms in the text.

a) abbreviate; b) compose, constitute; c) frontier; d) disintegration; e) continuing, constant; f) recognized

c) Say in other words.

a) two or more countries joined together; b) additional to something else; c) the state of having or owning something; d) if something becomes smaller, weaker or worse; e) one of the countries that has joined an international organization; f)country or area which has a lot of people living in it.

3. Match the words to their definitions.




a seat where a particular group of politicians sit




the title of the person whose job is to control the discussions in a parliament




a group of people who have the power to make and change laws




the whole system of rules that everyone in a country or society must obey




the judges of a country or a state, when they are considered as a group




a district that elects its own representative to parliament




the part of a government responsible for putting laws into effect




a person from a family of high social rank




a written suggestion for a new law that is presented to a country’s parliament so that its members can discuss it




one of the parts of a parliament

4. Reproduce these pieces of explanation on the House of Commons choosing the right form of the words.

The House of Commons consists of 659 (popularity /popularly /popular) elected members. Each member is elected from a constituency in the United Kingdom. Members receive a salary and hold their seats for the (durable /duration) of a Parliament. A general election for all members must be (held/hold) at least every five years. The House of Commons is the (legislate/legislative /legislation) authority in the United Kingdom. Among its powers are the right to impose taxes and to vote on spending issues affecting the (vary/ various/ variety) public departments and services. The (pass/passage) of legislation, however, is the primary function of the chamber.

The speaker of the House of Commons is elected by the members and acts as the president of the House. Members of Parliament are controlled by their party whips, who round up members before a vote and (organize/ organizer/ organizational) debates in the Commons.

Members of the House of Commons belong to one of the British political parties. The party that wins the (majority/major) of parliamentary seats forms a government with the party  leader  as prime minister. Of the remaining parties, the one with the (largest/large) number of seats becomes the (official/officially) opposition.

5. Read the text choosing the right words from the columns. Do you agree that the House of Commons, the lower chamber of Parliament in practice dominates the upper chamber, or House of Lords, in terms of activity and political power?

The beginnings of the House of Lords can be traced back as far as the 11th century. Prior to 1999, this chamber of Parliament included hereditary peers, or nobles by inheritance or birth. That year, however, Parliament passed the House of Lords Act of 1999, which disqualified all hereditary peers for membership in the House, with the a) ... of 92 individuals who had been elected by their fellow peers and were allowed b) ... their seats on a temporary basis. The Act provided that hereditary peers in the future were welcome to run for c) ... to the chamber. Other members of the House include life peers, or individuals with nonhereditary titles conferred by the Crown; law lords; and archbishops and senior bishops of the Church of England. Peers receive no salary. Although more than 670 individuals are qualified to sit in the House of Lords, only a little over half regularly attend sessions. In d) ..., the powers of the modern House of Lords are extremely limited. Despite this, the chamber plays an important role in Parliament. Among its most e) ... functions are the review and revision of bills that the House of Commons has not formulated in sufficient detail. In the House of Lords the lord chancellor fulfills the same role as does the f) … in the Commons.




to retain









to use









6. What is the difference between the Commons and the Lords? Speak about the Houses of Parliament.

7. Read the text about Britain’s Crown and find out what role the Queen plays in the life of modern Britain.

The Crown, or sovereign, is the supreme power in the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary. The sovereign is also the head of the established Church of England and is commander in chief of the armed forces. In practice, however, the sovereign acts only on the advice of the Crown's ministers and cannot reject or ignore their advice. Since 1952, the sovereign of the United Kingdom has been Queen Elizabeth II. In effect the United Kingdom is governed by her majesty's government in the queen's name.

The queen still has several significant functions. The Prime Minister and Ministers receive their appointments from the Queen at Buckingham Palace. Laws are not laws until they have received the Royal Assent.  She calls and dissolves Parliament, and she opens a new session with a speech from the throne. This speech is not written by her, however, but by the government in power, and it outlines the government's policy for the forthcoming session of Parliament. Similarly, the queen confers honors in the form of peerages, knighthoods, and decorations that are given on the advice of the government and that often reward people for services to the political party in power. She can award some honors herself, however such as the Order of the Garter. She appoints judges, army officers, diplomats, and officials of the Church of England also on advice.

Royal duties include visiting many parts of the UK, paying state visits to foreign countries. Although the queen has in fact little authority of her own, she is kept informed of events and is sometimes consulted by the government in power.

In addition to her other functions the queen is head of the Commonwealth, which consists of a number of states that formerly belonged to the British Empire. The queen and her family members are largely supported by the state. Parliament annually approves allowances for members of the royal family.

Agree or disagree with the following sentences, in your answers use the expressions of agreement or disagreement:

1. As Head of State, the Queen is informed and consulted on every aspect of national life. 2. The head of the government is commander in chief of the armed forces. 3. The Sovereign formally summons and dissolves Parliament 4. Royal duties include choosing the Cabinet. 5. The Queen does not have to explain her actions. 6. The Queen visits only the states of the Commonwealth.

8. Work in pairs. These dialogues are between British students and their colleagues from Belarus who are spending their holidays in London. Restore the dialogues. Use the questions from the box given below. Act the dialogues out.

1. A: …?

B: Well, the National Gallery, to begin with, then comes the National Portrait Gallery, then the Tate Gallery.

A: …?

B: Oh surely, you ought to go there, but the British Museum is not a museum of Fine Arts. In the first place it’s a museum of history, archaeology and ethnography. It’s also one of the largest libraries in the world.

2. A: I think we’ll get off the bus near the Circus…


A: Oh no, I mean Piccadilly Circus, it’s just a square.


A: Well, it isn’t exactly round. As a matter of fact any open space where a number of streets meet can be called a ‘circus’. You can come across them all over England. But when a Londoner speaks of the circus he means Piccadilly Circus.

3. A:…

B: Covent Garden? I’m afraid not. I have only been to Green Park, Regent’s Park and Kensington Gardens.


B: I certainly do. It’s the Royal Opera House. I was just pulling your leg.

4. A: This is Fleet Street.

B: …

A: Nothing of the kind. It suggests journalism.

B: …

A: Because all the big British daily newspapers are published there.

5. A: …

B: Exactly so. Here the Prime Minister of Britain lives.


B: The London residence of the British kings is Buckingham Palace. When the Queen is in residence the Royal Standard is flown at the mast-head.

6. A:

7. B: Oh, very much indeed. We could see a great deal within those fifteen days of our visit.

A: …

B: London, Stratford-upon-Avon, Leeds, Glasgow and Edinburgh.


B: Well, it isn’t easy to describe it in one word.

1. - I see. Why is it called that? Is it round or what? 2. - Dear me! Don’t you know what Covent Garden is? 3. - Does its name suggest a sea voyage? 4. - Why? 5. - And where is the residence of the Queen? 6. - What did your programme include? 7. - How did you enjoy your stay in Britain? 8. - What’s your general impression? 9. - Which are the most notable picture galleries in London? 10. - I suppose you’ve been to Covent Garden? 11. - Do you mean to invite me to a circus show? I’d love to see it in London 12. - Yes, but what about the British Museum? I’ve heard a lot of it. 13. - Is it №10 Downing Street?

9. Work in pairs. Make up questions to which the following phrases are the answers. Complete this dialogue and act it out. (The dialogue is between a student from Belarus who is having a holiday in Britain and a British student.


B: I don’t think you’ll be able to see a lot in one or two days. Today London is one of the largest cities in the world.


B: Nine million, I believe. I mean the population of Greater London, of course.


B: Well, the main parts of London are: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End. If you are interested in churches and historical places you should go to Westminster Abbey, the Houses of Parliament, St. Paul’s and the Tower.


B: The City is so important because it is the banking and commercial center of the world.


B: Well, you certainly ought to see the British Museum. But if I were you I should leave that for some other day. You could spend a whole day there. It’s much too big to be seen in an hour or so.


B: In the first place, Whitehall is the name of the street. In the second place, it is the political center of Great Britain. All the chief government offices are in the Whitehall, you know.

10. Work in pairs. Ask your group-mate who has just returned from his (her) trip to London to tell you:

a) what historical places (places of interest, monuments) he saw there; b) what attracted his attention; c) about the Tower, Westminster Abbey, St. Paul’s Cathedral etc.; d) what else he happened to see; e) what impressed him most.


Showing interest while listening

I see.

Oh, yes.

How interesting!

Has/Does it?


Asking if someone knows about something

Excuse me, do you know anything about…?

Did you know about…?

Do you realize…?

Have you heard about…?

Saying you know

I do know about…

I hear…

They say….

Saying you don’t know

I’m afraid, I don’t know anything much about…

I’m afraid, I’ve no idea….

I’m afraid, I know very little about …

Saying you are curious

I wish I knew more about…

I’d like to know …

I wonder…?

I’d be very interested to know …

I’m rather curious to know about…


…better (worse) than…

There’s absolutely no comparison between … and…

11. Read the descriptions and match them with the places.

A. Westminster Abbey  

B. The Palace of Westminster

C. Buckingham Palace   

D. Tower of London.

E. Hyde Park   .

F. Trafalgar Square  

G. Piccadilly Circus   

H. The British Museum

I.  The National Gallery 

J. The Globe Theater

K. St. Paul's Cathedral

1. It contains both of the Houses of Parliament. The palace covers 8 acres (3.2 hectares) and has 1,200 rooms and about 3 miles (4.8 kilometers) of passages. The well-known Clock Tower rises 320 feet (98 meters) high over the palace. Although many people believe that Big Ben is the name of the clock in the tower, it is actually the name of the bell inside the clock. This bell weighs 13 tons and is 7 1/2 feet (2.3 meters) tall.

2. It is the largest open area in central London. It is joined with Kensington Gardens to make one large park.

3. It is on Trafalgar Square, has a fine collection of classical European painting.

4. It is a popular plaza containing a monument to the famous British naval officer Lord Horatio Nelson.

5. It is modeled after a theater that was popular in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, holds performances of William Shakespeare's plays.

6. It is an ancient church in London's West End. All of England's kings and queens have been crowned there since 1066 AD. Also, some of England's most famous people are buried there, including the writers Charles Dickens and Geoffrey Chaucer and the scientists Charles Darwin and Sir Isaac Newton.

7. It is a busy intersection where five roads meet. A memorial fountain stands in the middle of the intersection. Famous for its large billboards, there are many theaters and restaurants in this area.

8. It is one of the oldest buildings in London. It was built during the 11th century by William the Conqueror. For centuries it was a prison. Several famous prisoners were held there, including the explorer Sir Walter Raleigh and King Henry VIII's wife Anne Boleyn. It was the Royal Residence until the 17th century. Today, visitors can see the famous Crown Jewels of England there.

9. It is the masterpiece of Sir Christopher Wren, England’s great architect. From far away you can see the huge dome with a golden ball and cross on the top.

10. It is the oldest public museum in the world, containing art and artifacts from such ancient civilizations as those of the Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians.

11. This is where the queen of England and some other members of the royal family live. It was built in 1703 by the Duke of Buckingham. Victoria was the first queen to live there.

12. Which of these places would you choose to go to on holiday? Why?

13. Complete the texts selecting among the given arguments the one that can be added in full accordance with the contents.

1. The United Kingdom was at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries. The society was transformed by the use of new machines and the growth of factories. Many important new transportation and communication systems were developed during this period. The country's manufacturing industries were weakened after World War II. Recovery was slow. It took nearly 40 years for the United Kingdom's economy to improve.

However, …

a) the United Kingdom once again established itself as one of the top countries for economic growth and productivity.

b) the United Kingdom is traditionally very strong in manufacturing. Heavy industries such as iron and steel, coal mining, and ship building declined in the late 20th century.

c) heavy industries such as iron and steel, coal mining, and ship building are underdeveloped.

2. The production of fuels dominates the country's mining industry. The United Kingdom usually produces enough oil so that it does not need to buy any from other nations. The country also has large reserves of natural gas and coal. Coal mining was once a huge industry in the United Kingdom. However, …

a) it has one of the world's largest reserves of potash (potassium salts), which is used when making fertilizers.

b) it is also a world leader in the production of peat. Peat is a vegetable tissue formed by the breakup of various plants in water. It is formed into briquettes and used as fuel.

c) coal production dropped greatly as the country began switching to other fuels.

3. The country's farms are very efficient and use many specialized machines. Less than 2 percent of the workforce is employed in agriculture. Farmers raise cattle, sheep, and pigs. The British livestock industry was hurt by an outbreak of mad cow disease in cattle beginning in the 1980s. …

a) The chief crops include barley, wheat, sugar beets, and potatoes.

b) It is the world's largest producer of rice and is among the leading sources of wheat, corn, tobacco, soybeans, peanuts, and cotton.

c) The country leads the world in the production of chickens, and eggs.

14. The network below shows the most important types of industry in the UK.




Motor vehicles and parts




Paper and paper products



Types of Industry

Food processing


Electronic power equipment

Automation equipment

Railroad equipment

Machine tools

Electronics and communication equipment

15. How much do you know about Great Britain’s imports and exports. Examine the network and share this information with your groupmates.

Electrical goods








Great Britain





Aerospace products

Electrical and electronic equipment




II. 1. Comment on the following problems and quotations:

1. The British monarch reigns but does not rule.

2. “People who want to understand democracy should spend less time in the library with Aristotle and more time on the buses and in the subway.” Simeon Strunsky

3. “It is not the walls that make the city, but the people who live within them. The walls of London may be battered, but the spirit of the Londoner stands resolute and undismayed”. George VI (1895-1952)

2. Speak about

… the differences between the House of Commons and the House of Lords of the British parliament. Describe their activities and say what role they play in passing the laws which regulate the life of the country.

3. Make a poster for a tourist information centre in London.

III. Writing Section

1. Imagine you visited a place in Great Britain (e.g. the Tower of London, the British Museum, Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, Hyde Park, etc.) you really liked. Describe it using the paragraph plan below.



1) where the place is and why you went there


2) further details about the place

3) what you saw and what you did there


4) how you feel about the place and whether you recommend it or not.

2. An international travel magazine has asked its readers to describe a famous city. Write your description.

3. Your teacher has asked you to describe a visit to a place you will always remember. Write your composition.

4. A travel magazine is running a competition for the best description of a festival in Great Britain. Write a description for the competition.

5. Make up a quiz to test the students’ knowledge of Great Britain

IV. Project

You have just returned from the Students Scientific Conference in London. Plan a sightseeing trip around London for one day for those students who are going to take part in the conference next year. Plan to visit no more than four places and have a picnic lunch in a park.



Nouns and Noun Phrases















рабство, зависимость
























голос, голосование



надзор, наблюдение  




Verbs and Verbal Phrases


/ 'qpru:v/

одобрять, утверждать



получить, приобрести

be situated (in)



border (on)








обратить в бегство, разбить




stick (stuck)


прикрепляться, закрепляться



поглощать, подавлять






















исконный, первобытный






высший, верховный

Practise saying the following words:










the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

/'grxn 'dACI

qv lITju: 'eIniq/

Великое Княжество Литовское

I. Oral Practice Section

1. Look through the following quotations and proverbs and try to outline the problems to be discussed.

1. Every man has a lurking wish to appear considerable in his native place.

2. Home  is where the heart is.

3. A nation is a thing that lives and acts like a man and men are the particulars of which it is composed (J. Holland).

4. The nation’s honor is dearer than the nation’s comfort; yes, than the nation’s life itself (W.Wilson).

2. Check the meaning of the following words. Find all the suitable nouns for each of the adjectives or participles.

Principal, transport, rural, ethnic, economic, feedstock, energy, local, innovative, highway, forest, foreign, sovereign, manufacturing, local, constitutional.

Security, area, peasants, policy, court zone, network, equipment, tradition, reserve, crop, fuel, technology, state, center.

3. Make sure that you know the words. Read the definitions and match the words and definitions:

ancestor, antiquity, invade, annex, remain, rapidly, declare, to last, former, independence, primordial, bondage

to enter a country;

old times;

to take control of the country;

to continue for a particular period of time;

existing at or from the beginning of the world;

the state of being a slave or prisoner;

a person in your family who lived long ago;

to say something officially or publicly;

still to be present after the other parts have been removed, used;

that used to exist in earlier times;

done or happening very quickly;

freedom from somebody’s control.

4. Read the text. Fill in the gaps with the words from ex. 3. Put some verbs into the past form.

From the History of Belarus

Belarus is a new, sovereign state the history of which goes back to … . The first human being appeared on its territory about 120-140 thousand years ago. There are sites on the territory of Belarus dating 2600 years ago. The … of Belarusians who settled on the territory of present Belarus between the 6th and 12th centuries were Krivichi, Radimichi and Dregovichi. They lived in the basins of the Dnieper and the Zapadnaya Dvina rivers. They hunted, fished and farmed. These tribes were separate, but they needed in a united state. It was Kievskaya Rus that appeared at the beginning of the 9th century.

In the 13th century the Belarusian territories were swallowed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. During this time Belarus was largely in peace, but the Lithuanian duchy was at war and by the 15the century the Grand Duchy of Lithuania spanned from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea.

Later, at the end of the 17th century Belarusian people were placed in … to the Polish feudal lords who exploited them cruelly.

It was also … by the troops of the Swedish King Charles XII. In 1708 the Russian troops under the command of Peter the Great routed the Swedish troops and by the end of the 18th century Belarus was … by Russia until the 1st of January 1919 when the Byelorussian Socialist Republic was proclaimed.

In 1922 it became a member of the … USSR. In 1939 Western Belarus, occupied by Poland, joined Byelorussia. During that period new plants and factories were built, national arts and literature, science and education developed … .

But World War II broke out and in 1941 Byelorussia was occupied by Nazi Germany. Over one million buildings were destroyed and the human losses totaled over two million Belarusians. The occupation … till 1944. In post-war years Belarusian people restored ruined cities and towns, rebuilt plants. During that time Belarus became a major manufacturing center in the Western region of the USSR.

Belarus … itself sovereign on the 27th of July 1990 and the former BSSR became the Republic of Belarus on the 25th of August 1991, attaining full independence.

5. Work in pairs. Speak of the main steps in the history of our country to your partner matching the dates and the events and arranging the facts in the right order.

6th -12th centuries; 13th century; 1708; January 1; 1919; 9th century; the end of the 18th century; 1922; 1941; July 27; 1990; 1939; 1944; August 25; 1991

6. Work in pairs. Restore the dialogue between Mike, a student from Belarus and Alex, a student from Australia. They are speaking about the history of the name “Belarus “.

Alex: Hello, Mike. You know, people in our country know too little about your country. I’m interested in the history of it. Is Belarus the original name of your country?

Mike: No, it isn’t. Once it was called “White Russia” or “Belaya Rus”.

Alex:  …

Mike: Surely. According to chronicles it was first mentioned in the 12th century. And the English “White Russia” was first used in the 16th century.

Alex:   …

Mike: You know there are different versions of the name. Some researchers associate it with the direct meaning of the colour “belyi” or “white”. Of course, there are also other versions.

Alex:  …

Mike: In the 19th century, for example, it was called “Belorussia”. And then the official name of the country was “Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic”, when the country was the part of the former USSR.

Alex:  …

Mike: On 27th of July 1990 our declared itself sovereign and became an independent state. Now its official name is the Republic of Belarus.

Alex:  …

… Oh, thank you. I’ve learned interesting facts about your country.

…And what’s the origin of the name?

… Has your country been always called “Belaya Rus?”

… Do you know when the term “Belaya Rus” was first used?

… When did it become Belarus?

7. Read the text, pay attention to the underlined words. Make an outline to speak about your native land Belarus.

The Geography of Belarus

Belarus is our home. There is hardly anyone who will be able to describe the blue of the sky or the peculiar flavour of the home wind of the specific softness of the native soil of the unusual beauty of the people around us.

Belarus is situated in the center of Europe at the crossroads from east to west, from north to south.

It borders on Russia to the north and east, on Ukraine to the South, on Poland to the west and Lithuania and Latvia to the north-west. The republic covers the area of 207,600 square kilometers. The population is about 10 million people.

To describe our land one needs to be a poet. If you go north, you will see land of Braslav lakes with crystal-clear blue waters surrounded by pine groves. If you go west, you will find yourself in the Brest province- the land of immense fields and meadows. In the south you will be engulfed by infinite forests and marshes. Broad plains and marshy lowlands occupy nearly three quarters of the territory. They are called Belarusian Polesye. There are also some hills and elevations. They can be found in the northern and central parts of the country.

There are a lot of rivers and streams and more than 10.000 lakes in the republic. The largest rivers are the Dnieper, Western Dvina, Pripiat and Neman, while the largest lake is Naroch. Forests and bushes cover more than a quarter of the area. The most famous is Belavazhskaya Puscha, Rare bisons – aurochses live there. The climate is temperately continental with a comparatively mild winter and warm summer. This is our Motherland, young and old, beautiful and full of pride, a country situated in heart of Europe where all roads meet. People of different nationalities live here in good neighborhood and peace because they have common history and traditions.

8. Work in pairs. Reproduce the answers to your partners.


I wish I knew more about your country. What is the area of Belarus?


… 207.600 sq km


It’s quite large, isn’t it?


Yes … that of Great Britain.


What’s its population?


… about 10 mln people.


Do only Belarusians live here?


No … in good neighborhood.


What countries does your country border on?


… Russia to the north and east, Ukraine … and Latvia and Lithuania …


Are these any long rivers and big lakes?


Certainly. … are the Dnieper, Western Dvina, Neman while … is Naroch.


I’ve heard something about Belavezhskay Puscha. What is it?


It’s … Rare … live there. And it’s famous for its unique collection of wild life.


Thank you. That was interesting and useful.

9. Work in groups. Find out from your partners:

About the influence of the geographical position of Belarus on its history.

Why Belarus is sometimes called “a blue-eyed country”.

What they know about the origin of the name “Belaya Rus”.

What they know about the ancestors of the Belarussians.

What influences the climate of the country.

10. Examine the following description of our capital. List five well-known places you’d like to visit.


More than 900 years ago, on the right bank of the river Svisloch, at the place where another river, the Nemiga, was flowing into it, on a low hill, there arose the town of Minsk. During the long history of its existence the ancient city on the river Svisloch was seven times plundered, destroyed and burnt. The last war destroyed the city to the ground. But every time, like a fantastic bird Phoenix, it was born out of ashes, rebuilt up and expanded again. At present Minsk is a megapolis, the population of which is over 1million 700 thousand people. The city is currently a large transport center with a well developed transport infrastructure. Its motorways, railways and airlines connect Minsk with all the European capitals and the main cities of the world.

Its arterial street – the Nezalezhnasti Avenue of more than 10 kilometers in length – is a unique monument of architecture and urban development in post-war Europe. More than 600 streets and avenues cross the city, grading it into industrial, administrative, and dwelling parts.

On the right coast of the River Svisloch the Trinity suburb is settled down. Walking down the small paved streets you can feel yourself in ancient times, enjoying multi-colored houses and tiny shops and caves. A decade ago the work on Upper town's reconstruction started - the area of Liberty square and the adjoining streets: Bakunin, Gertsen, Internatsionalnaya and Muzykalny lane, where a small but stylistically integral area of old Minsk has survived with its lay-out and some architectural monuments of the XVI-XVII centuries.

Near the Trinity suburb there is a pride of Minsk - the Big Opera and Ballet Theatre. All visitors coming to the capital, by all means visit this theatre which is glorified for the delightful ballet far outside the country.

Such interesting and solid buildings as the Government office, Academy of Sciences, State University, Publishing House, Opera and Ballet Theater became the guidelines for creation of new buildings. That is why today there is no disagreement between the old and the modern. Recently there were erected The Palace of the Republic, the National Library, the Moscovski bus station, the Central railway station. They reflect the established tradition.

Many people, visiting Minsk for the first time, say that their soul has rest here. It's an accurate, clean and quiet city. It's a city without bustle and vanities, without haste and race. It is slightly sluggish, slightly sleepy, but always fresh and romantic.

11. Work in pairs. At the airport a Westerner and our countryman are talking about the most popular sightseeing of Belarus. Take part in this conversation and share your opinion with partners.

So, you’re going to visit Belarus, right?

That’s right. We arrive there Tuesday morning and we already have the hotel “Minsk” booked for Tuesday night.

You know, Minsk itself is worth looking around – a new National Library,

and do you recommend anywhere special to see while we’re  there?

I strongly recommend to walk through Trinity surburb, that preserved small streets and peaceful houses of the past times……

That seems the best thing to do. And … where does the city’s name come from?

Several researchers think the name comes most probably from a small river Menka, not existing by now, or from the crossroad of trading ways which Minsk was at the time.

People say that Minsk is most beautiful at night.

Yeah… the lights bring new image of the city, making the architecture shine secret lines and shades that cannot be seen during the day. And how long do you think to stay in the capital?

Two or three days will be probably enough.

And from there?

We’d like to go to Zhirovichi…. Is it a pretty place?

It is a sacred place. The Monastery of Zhirovichi has always been the spiritual center of Christian Belarus. There you could touch the icon of Virgin Mary, walk around the Monastery.



Great! Thank you very much for your help.

You’re welcome. I hope you have a great trip!

12. With an English friend of yours visiting our country you are looking through the latest literary miscellanies. Read the two verses devoted to the native countryside. Try to translate and interpret them to your friend. What do the poets feel about their country? Is it a universal human feeling to love one’s native place? The words in the box below will help you.

Край мой.

Не залаты зусiм, не срэбны,

Быÿ на табе заÿсёды ÿбор

Звычайны самы, самы зрэбны:

Зялёны луг ды сiнi бор.

Каля дарогi жыта ÿ полi,

Вярба старая ля ракi,

Ды ÿ жоÿтым восеньскiм прыполе

Рабiн даспелых аганькi.

Ты не сляпiÿ вачэй, быÿ просты

Ва ÿсе вякi твой родны ÿзор:

Гаёÿ бялюткая бяроста,

Густы блакiт лясных азёр.

I лён, зусiм як неба, сiнi,

I ÿсе ÿ рамонках берагi

Мой беларускi, мой адзiны

Край ад калыскi дарагi

Г. Бураÿкiн


Мне люба многае на свеце:

дзiцячы смех i сэрца рух,

прыроды радаснае квецце,

cтварэнне чалавечых рук…

Але сярод усiх каханняÿ,

якiя поÿняць сэнс жыцця

i сэрцу так ласкава дараць

нягасны промень пачуцця,

у маiх штодзённасцях i ÿ марах

святлом надзейным маяка

на ÿсiх шляхах жыццёвых ззяе

Радзiма мiлая мая.

…Аднойчы са сваiх блуканняÿ

я да яе iзноÿ вярнусь

i ÿ час шчаслiвага спаткання

стамлёным сэрцам прытулюсь…

Iна Санiна.

Use the words and word combinations from the box:

a native pattern, daily cares and dreams, forest lakes, one’s meaning of life,

a green grassland, a birch grove, a land of…, a strong love of…

13. Work in pairs. Look through the following text and render it to your deskmate.

Ask him/her if this view on our country is typical.  


Tim Bryan is a journalist working with the Guardian. He regularly travels worldwide to assess popular and lesser known tourist destinations, informing his readers of his findings. Recently he decided to pay Belarus a visit – a country almost undiscovered by British tourists. In his view, Belarus has some definite attractions. He was particularly enchanted by our forests and log cabins; deep in the woods, it’s easy to relax – undisturbed by anything or anybody. Escapist tourism is becoming quite popular among ecology-minded Westerners.

Mr. Bryan also praises Minsk’s modern architecture. He asserts that Western tourists are fed up with ‘noble ruins’ since castles can be found in abundance throughout Europe. Rather than looking at ‘glorious has-beens’, people want to experience modern lifestyles. Since Minsk is a living relic of the sunken Soviet Atlantis, having been destroyed in WWII and rebuilt purely by Soviet canons, it’s a unique destination. Minsk is relatively crime free – unlike many other post-Soviet capitals. If British tourists can be persuaded to travel to Belarus for their holidays, they’ll bring in very welcome amounts of revenue.

State system of the Republic of Belarus

14. Study the information about the state system of the Republic of Belarus. Open the brackets, using English words from the box below the text instead of Russian ones.

The Republic of Belarus is a unitary democratic law-governed state.

In conformity with the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus the only source of the state power is the people who exercise it directly and through (представительный ) bodies.

The Constitution (утвердила) the principle of division of power into legislative, executive and judicial powers. The supreme and representative body is the Parliament, the National Assembly of the Republic. The Parliament consists of two (палата): the Chamber of Representatives and the Council of the Republic of Belarus. The Chamber of Representatives is formed on the basis of universal, free and direct (голосование) by secret ballot. The Council of the Republic is the chamber of territorial representation.

Belarus is a presidential republic. The President of the Republic of Belarus is the (глава) of state and of (исполнительный) power. Executive power is exercised by the Government (возглавляемый) by the Prime Minister.

The (юридический) power in the Republic of Belarus belongs to courts. The control over the constitutionality of regulatory acts in the state is exercised by the Constitutional Court. (Надзор) over precise and uniform execution of laws by all bodies of state government is executed by the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Belarus.




participle I

































Made in Belarus

The Republic of Belarus is one of the most economically developed states of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Its major industries are machine-tool construction, electrotechnical equipment production, motor-car production, tractor building, agricultural machine building, synthetic fiber production, mineral fertilizers production, pharmaceutics, construction materials production, and light and heavy industries. Belarus has a large and sophisticated food processing industry and processed foods have accounted for a growing proportion of total domestic demand for food in recent decades.  The structure of Belarus exports is dominated by mineral products, vehicles, mechanical and electrical equipment and machinery, chemical products, ferrous metals and textiles.

15. Work in groups. Belarus has quite a few companies with very high name-brand recognition abroad. The creation of a brand demands great intellectual and material input and therefore it should be protected. Examine the following table and speak about the Belarusian products characteristic features.



For almost 50 years now the company has been playing on the market of kitchen appliances. Over the years the company has drawn up its own strategy for success, which comprises, first of all, superior production quality, stylish design and effective marketing. The company produces gas, electric and gas-electric cookers and building-in kitchen appliances – total of 14 models and 90 modifications.



The current range of products includes almost 40 types of machines – road building and construction machines and airfield sweepers, forestry and farming machinery, etc. The company got the right to CE mark its 4-ton loaders which means they are sold in the EU market without any restrictions. Belarusian road machinery and utility vehicles are exported to 32 countries. One more distinctive feature of the plant’s relationship with customers is timely implementation of orders. 



Raton focuses on making electrotechnical equipment: factory-assembled switcher, chamber assembly of one-sided service, high voltage linear cells, pole-and mast-mounted transformer substations, controllers and many other things. Raton electrotechnical products exclude human related malfunctions.



Elema is one of the biggest producers of outer clothing. Its product range includes warm light and short coats, jackets, suits, trousers, skirts, dresses. Modern materials, excellent quality and reasonable prices individualize our products allowing the company to satisfy most captious demands. The company has gained rich experience in working on a give and take basis.

Orsha Flax Mill

It is fortuitous that flowers of flax are an element of the National Emblem of Belarus since flax has been traditionally cultivated throughout the centuries in the country and has remained one of its most important agricultural plants. It possesses unique hygienic and exploitation qualities. The enterprise manufactures table and bed linen, fabrics for suits and shirts, decorative fabrics, ready-made garments, technical fabrics, bags and yarn.

16. Work in pairs. MAZes, tractors Belarus, Horizont and Vityaz TV sets, Milavitsa, lingerie are among the Belarusian products recognized on the foreign markets far beyond the CIS countries. What characteristic features make our products so popular?

17. Work in groups.  Today about three million people live in the rural areas-almost one third of the population of Belarus. Social aspects give agriculture greater importance though its share in GDP makes only 9 per cent. For example, one man working in agriculture secures employment for eight people in other branches of economy. Moreover, village is a spring of ethnic traditions and folk art. To preserve and hone this source is also one of the fundamental tasks of the Belarusians.

Speak about the strategy to achieve the target using the following table.

To make a product desirable it

All necessary living conditions

The republic’s enterprises

Settlements adjacent to the agro-town

Deepening of specialization in the production sphere

The agricultural production

The economically insolvent organizations

All agro-towns

The system of farming and feedstock zones

Agro-industrial institutions, trade and credit-financial establishments


must be

will be

connected to gas supply systems;

able to get consumer services;

keen to exploit innovative technology;


located in most favorable geographical-economic zones;


reequipped technically and technologically;

turned around;


produced at the lowest possible cost, with the best quality possible;


18. Work in pairs. The Belarusian energy branch is being rebuilt to accommodate the local environment and untap its potential to ensure energy security of our republic. Discuss the problems of our republic energy balance. To reach the goals use phrases in the box and the statements that follow.

According to scientists, …; Some people believe…; On one hand…; On the other hand…;…because…; Besides…; But in my opinion…;

1. Some generally used indicators of energy security remain critical.

2. The country needs to retool the majority of its energy equipment and to develop a system of new mini combined heat and power plants running on local fuels.

3. Belarus seeks to reduce the share of natural gas in the energy balance from 90% to 47% by 2010.

4. A nuclear power plant, provided it is built and operates in compliance with all safety standards, does emit thousands of tons of CO2, water vapor and attributable harmful substances.

5. Phytomass is of a bigger interest as a source of energy.

6. Therefore, while being promising energy sources, the biomass, solar and wind energy, municipal waste and biodiesel fuels require big investment while their share in the total energy balances remains insignificant.

7. Today Belarus is intensifying consumption of natural gas both nation-wide and in the energy industry in particular. This strategy is justified by the fact that natural gas is the most economically efficient and ecologically friendly fuel.

8. The more intense we use fire-wood, the sooner we will be left with no forests as such.

9. It makes no economic sense to use hydrogen to generate energy today.

10. Therewith of natural gas prices will outpace that of oil. Thus, in the long run the prices for these fuels against a ton oil equivalent will equalize.

11. A radical solution for the Belarusian energy balance issue would be to construct a nuclear power plant.

12. Scientists are putting effort into modernization of traditional fuel-fired installations (boilers, furnaces, dryers, etc).

13. Another fuel to challenge the dominance of natural gas is coal which will catch up with the natural gas in price and heating value already by 2010.

14. We are set to launch construction of power generating plants running on coal in the near future.

15. The republic should reckon on its own finances first of all.

19. Read the article “Education in Belarus”. Characterize the educational system of our republic.

The present day Belarus is the country of a high intellectual potential. The rich and specific scientific school of Belarus has creatively absorbed the experiences of various schools and countries. In Belarus a lot of original thinkers, technical researchers, gifted surgeons and physicians performed their creative activity. Our country brought to the world`s area a lot of talented persons of science and culture whose names were included in encyclopedias and biographical reference books.

Among the key advantages of Belarus is the excellent education system inherited from the Soviet times when a strong focus was consistently made on natural sciences and applied research. Education is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 15. Higher education institutions include universities, a variety of specialized academies and institutes for studies in technical art, agriculture, medicine, electronics, and other fields. Belarus is among the few countries in the world whose specialists have been involved in construction of space stations, global communication systems, and nuclear development projects.

According to the Human Development Report 2005 of the United Nations Development Programme, Belarus remains the leader among CIS states in terms of education and takes the lead over a number of developed countries on such indicators as public expenditure on education (6 % of GDP), adult literacy (99.6 %) and youth literacy (99.8 %).

Minsk is famous for its perfectly functioning educational system. There are 34 universities and colleges, 28 vocational schools, 258 secondary schools and over 500 pre-school institutions. The most important educational establishments are the Belarus State University, Belarus State Polytechnic Academy, Belarus State Economic University, Belarus State University of Radio Electronics and Minsk State Linguistic University. Minsk also hosts the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.

National universities today act as both educational institutions and large research centers especially in the branches which rely on local feedstock and shape the country’s economy. Developing and upgrading material and technical basis is one of the most important factors promoting the quality of education. The universities’ R&D labs are fitted with cutting-edge equipment for research analysis allowing to derive information of practical and fundamental significance.

20. Quiz “Do you know the history of motherland?”

1. The term “Belaya Rus” was used for the first time?

a) 13th century; b) 12th century; c) 14 century.

6. What lake is often called “Belarusian Sea”?

a) Narach Lake, b) Braslave Lakes, c) the Blue Lakes.

2. The ancestors of the Belarusians lived in the Basins of

a) the Dnieper and the Zapadnaya Dvina rivers where they grew rice and fished;

b) the Dnieper and the Zapadnaya Dvina rivers where they hunted, fished and farmed;

c) the Dnieper and the Bug rivers where they grew cotton and hunted.

7. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania

a) helped to form a new state in the second half of the 13th century;

b) annexed Belarus in the second half of the 13th century;

c) annexed Belarus in the second half of the 12th century.

3. The Brama that had several functions: a chapel, a customs house and city guards, was built in

a) Polotsk;

b) Slutsk; c) Mir.

8. In 1224 Neswizh was first mentioned in the chronicles

a) as a small settlement;

b) as a trade center;

c) as a town with strong fortifications.

4. 4.The oldest Orthodox Church in the country is

a) the Sophia Cathedral;

b) Saint Savior Church, founded by venerable Yevfrosiniy of Polotsk;

c) The Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul in Gomel.

9. This vivid example of gigantomania in the architecture was built in 1938. It was

a) the National Academy of Sciences;

b) the National Opera and Ballet Theatre;

c) the Museums of Arts.

5. Who was born in the Trinity Suburb in Minsk?

a) Yanka Kupala;

b) Maksim Bagdanovish;

c) Yakub Kolas.

10. The real  … repsenting Vitebsk is

a) the festival of medieval culture;

b) the All-Belarusian festival of humor:

c) the annual international music festival “Slaviansky Bazaar”.

21. Work in groups. Show your knowledge of Belarusians traditions. Read and decide which of the following characteristic features belong to each of the given folk feasts. Do these folk feasts have similar traits?

Write your version of one of these feasts.

The Ivan Kupala Night


By the way, it was at the fairs in the old days when strolling players and puppeteers gave their performances. Small puppet theatres called “Batleika” were popular in Belarus. They features stories from the Bible about Christ and his birth.

Our forefathers gave us some essential knowledge that makes us believe that if a young man and a girl jump over the highest of all flames hand in hand they will live a long and happy life together.

Each person within the groups of young people in the celebrations has some role according to his character and temperament.

It is the when three ritual suppers (Kuttya) are prepared in every Belarusian home. Our forefathers believed that “Kuttya” (a sort of porridge, “kasha made from barely) was a symbol of immortality and the eternity of life.

While girls play with wreaths and tell their fortune, young men start making fires.

During this period, Belarusians like to visit each other, to celebrate weddings, to arrange fairs.

Girls also stick some burning candles into their wreaths and make bets whose wreath remains on the surface longer.

This night is always filled with miracles: you may hear the whisper of herbs and see mermaids, watch trees change places and witness the bright light of the blossoming fern flower.

The host and the hostess usually give generous gifts to the guests to thank them for the well-wishing, congratulations, and the singing and playing.

It is a sin to sleep in the shortest night of the year, as there are plenty of other things to do: read fortune, jump over the fire….

Amateur actors wore the masks of Goats, Bears, Storks, Horses, Gypsies, and Old Men in performances.

How did our forefathers start the day?

One of them bears the star, the others sing songs.

The feast of fire, water and loved filled me the certainty that life is given to all of us for happiness, joy and love.

Amateur musicians play an accordion or beat a tambourine.

The main purpose of this folk feast is to get rid of everything that is bad, ill, and dirty in one’s life and to begin a new life cycle, living with joy and optimism.

22. Examine the network, expand it and reproduce the topic “Belarus is my Homeland”.





State system







Enengy resourses





Cultural heritage

Famous people

Fine arts



II. Comment on the following quotations.

1. Ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country (J. F. Kennedy). 2. A nation is a totality of men united through community of fate into a community of character (O. Bauer). 3. A man travels the world over in search of what he needs and returns home to find it (G. Moore).

III. Writing Section.

1. Imagine you are a journalist and you are asked to write an article about the heroic past of your country, starting with the ancient times.

2. Write what you know about Belarusian people and cultural traditions.

Comprehensive Prolonged Project

Day 6th.              Your English friends are on an exchange visit to Belarus. You’re going to guide them around Minsk. Make a plan of the forthcoming excursion. Ask them what places they would like to see. Run the planned excursion.

UNIT VII    Spare time


Nouns and Noun Phrases



публика, зрители






состав исполнителей



восхождение, лазание



(туристский) автобус






морское путешествие,  круиз






1) развлечение, 2) представление



плата за проезд

feature film


художественный фильм






азартная игра

going out





прогулка пешком, туризм



езда автостопом



путешествие, поездка





















1) прогулка, 2) экскурсия

package tour


комплексное турне




scene designer


художник, постановщик



научная фантастика



морской пейзаж



осмотр достопримечательностей















путешествие (водой)

Verbs and Verbal Phrases




be crazy (about)


быть сильно увлеченным

be impressed


быть под впечатлением



получать удовольствие

feel bored









унылый, печальный









любимый, излюбленный






доставляющий удовольствие













I. Oral Practice Section

1. Look through the following sayings and try to comment on the problems to be discussed.

1. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 2. Every man has his hobbyhorse. 3. Idle folk have the least leisure.

2. Read the text, filling in the gaps with the words from the box. Name the most characteristic pastimes of the British, compare them with those of the Belarusians.

Entertainment, popular pastime, information source, favourite activity, gardening, outings, enthusiasm, enjoyment, leisure, spend, personal taste, audience, art gallery, exhibition.


Since ancient times man has always needed bread and entertainment and ... . Nowadays to be able to fill ... intelligently is the last product of civilisation. How people ... their free time depends on age, sex, educational background, social class and, of course, on their ... . It has been estimated that the average British person spends 75 hours every week with television, radio, newspapers and magazines. All these sources of information and ... , together with films, video, and advertisements, have become a part of daily life. Watching television is a very ... in Britain. А typical day’s viewing includes films, plays, current affairs, light entertainments, sports and politics.

Another ... is listening to music on the radio, records, cassettes and CDs. This has become increasingly popular in recent years. Enthusiasts of pop music spend millions of pounds a year on records and stereo music systems. There is, too, a considerable ... for classical music.

Britain is also famous for its gardens and most people like ... . There are more private gardens in Britain than in any other country and they are looked after with love and ... . The British are keen gardeners. Almost every village and town holds an annual flower show in summer at which local gardens exhibit fruit, flowers and vegetables and compete with each other for prizes.

On holidays, weekends or days off people often go for day “...”. Some may not get much further than local parks or private gardens open to the public. Others may visit nearby ... and museums, or perhaps special ... . Real enthusiasts go on outings in all weathers.

Try to get answers to the following questions about the text:

What is an outing? 2. When do the British usually go on outings? 3. What are British people’s cultural activities?



Taking photos


Parachuting (sky diving)

Playing instruments

Playing cards



Growing plants

Doings crosswords





3. Here is the list of some activities different people devote their leisure to. Look at the pictures and match the pictures and the activities.










Express your point of view on the advantages of each activity or recreation.

4. Tell your partner which of the mentioned in EX.3 activities you like and which of them you dislike. Why? Use the prompts.

I’d love to, I’m interested in, I’d prefer, I enjoy, I am keen on, I hate, I am not fond of, I am bored by, I can’t stand.


appreciate results, cope with, acquire new skills, make use of, enjoy energetic activities, joyful, fascinating, boring, pleasant.

5. You’re going to read the text. Express your point of view on a variety of hobbies. What does the choice depend on? Replace the underlined words by the synonyms given in the box.

Taste, popular, collects, opportunity, leisure, activity, fascinating, includes, amateurs, exciting.

A hobby is a favourite pastime of a person. Hobbies differ like tastes. If your have chosen a hobby up to your liking, lucky you are: you have made your life more interesting. Numerous hobbies are: doing thing, making things, collecting things and learning things.

The most known of all hobbies is doing things. It consists of a wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to travelling and from chess to volleyball. Gardening is one the oldest man’s hobbies, especially in some countries. Computer games are becoming more and more popular hobby among young people. Almost everyone gathers something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, matchboxes, books, records, etc. Making things includes drawing, making sculptures, designing costumes. Some hobbyists write music.

No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the possibility of learning from it. Learning things can be the most interesting aspect of a hobby.

6. Express your points of view on:

1. The most suitable hobbies for children. 2. The most suitable hobbies for young people. 3. The most suitable hobbies for aged people. 4. The most suitable hobbies for everybody.

7. You want to know if your partner takes any hobbies: if ‘yes’- ask ‘why’. Make dialogues by analogy. Use the words in the box.


Yes, I’ve chosen hiking.


It’s difficult to answer. It seems healthy.

Skiing, travelling, knitting, playing, computer games, gardening, interesting, useful, practical, entertaining, satisfying, enjoyable, healthy, embroidering.

8. Match the parts of the dialogues. Act out the dialogues.



1. Do you often go fishing?

a) Fishing. I enjoy it very much.

2. Do you usually catch much?

b) Well, it depends. Last Sunday, for instance, I caught so much that it was enough for all of us and our cat

3. What is your favourite pastime, I say?

c) Well, yes. I enjoy.



1. No, I don’t mean that. What’s your favourite pastime?

a) Oh, very. Actually, I’m crazy about dancing. What about going to the disco?

2. How do you usually spend your evenings, Susan?

b) Oh, a lot of things. There’s always a lot of work to do about the house, washing up, doing the rooms.

3. I see, what about dancing?

c) Again – nothing special. Sometimes I read a little, watch TV.

4. Yes, I’d like to.

Try to interview as many people as possible about what they see as their pleasures in life.

II. Problem Solving

 You will read a journal entry written by Roz – a young woman from the USA living in the Dominican Republic. As a team you will search for answers to some questions about how to resolve a cross-cultural misunderstanding.

Jogging Alone

When I first arrived in the Dominican Republic, I began to have a problem with my morning jogging routine. I used to jog every day when I was at home in the United States, so when I arrived in the Dominican Republic, I set myself a goal to continue jogging two miles every morning. I really liked the peaceful feeling of jogging alone as the sun came up. But this did not last for long. My neighbors simply couldn't understand why someone would want to run alone. Soon people began to appear at their doorways offering me a cup of coffee; others would invite me to stop in for a visit. Sometimes this would happen four or five times as I tried to continue jogging. They even began sending their children to run behind me so I wouldn't be lonely. I was faced with a dilemma. I really enjoyed my early morning runs. However, I soon realized that it's impolite in Dominican culture not to accept a cup of coffee, or stop and chat, when you pass people who are sitting on their front steps. I didn't want to give up jogging. But, at the same time, I wanted to be polite and to show respect for the customs of my Dominican neighbors – and not to be viewed as odd or strange.

Travelling and Holidays

I. 1. Look through the proverbs and statements and try to outline the problems to be discussed.

1. Travelling opens the eyes. 2. Every story has two sides. 3. A rolling stone catches no moss. 4. The more haste, the less speed. 5. East or West, home is best.

2. In the box some words are similar in meaning but different in use. See whether you can identify this difference and compare your answers with your group mates.

A) Match the words in the box with a suitable definition (a – j)

an expedition,  a flight,  a tour,  a voyage,  a package, a tour,  an itinerary,  a trip,  travel,  a cruise,  a crossing

A journey by ship for pleasure – … .

A journey by plane - … .

The plan of a journey - … .

An informal word for journey. Sometimes meaning a short journey - … .

A journey for a scientific or special purpose - … .

A holiday which includes organized travel and accommodation - … .

Taking journeys, as a general idea - … .

A journey by sea - … .

An organized journey to see the sights of a place - … .

A journey from one side of the sea to the other - … .

B) Use a word from A) in each sentence:

a) The travel agent will send you … for your trip.

b) My neighbours went on a guided … of Rome.

c) Last time I went from England to France we had a very rough … .

d) The first prize in the competition is a luxury Mediterranean … .

e) When you go on a/an …, you pay one price for everything.

f) The college organized a/an … to search for the ancient ruins.

d) Olympic announces the arrival of … OA 269 from Athens.

h) The Titanic sank on its first … in 1912.

i) … is one of my main interests.

j) Mr. Dean is away on a business … at the moment. Can I help you?  

3. You’ve got some information on the problem of travelling. Speak of the characteristic features to your deskmate. Replace the underlined parts by the synonyms given in the box.

Travelling is popular with people of different age and lifestyle for different reasons. Some want to have a good rest after long months of hard work; others like to change a dull scene of everyday existence. There are people who travel on business and those who travel for pleasure. Some prefer planes as the quickest means of transport; others go by sea, car, train, bus, coach, take walking tours or hikes. You should bear in mind that every method of travelling has its pros and cons. Some people prefer holidays with the wealth of things to do and places to visit. Others like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the country with nothing to do but walk and bathe and lie in the sun. Travel agencies offer a wide range of options to satisfy all tastes: package holidays, cruises, guided tours, camping, caravan, farm, cultural, activity holidays and what not. Choose the one that is good for you and that you can afford this time.

advantages and disadvantages, boat, a lot of sightseeing, remember, peaceful, to relax, pleasure voyages, a refreshing change, fastest, choices

4. In this advertisement some prepositions have been rubbed off while printing. Insert them instead of dots.




Eurolines, the largest operator … scheduled European coach services, gives you the freedom to explore the continent … fares that won’t hurt your pocket. … our European partners, we provide a network of services offering … 400 destinations … Europe and Ireland, all … very competitive fares. As well as daily services … Amsterdam, Brussels, Lille, Antwerp and Rotterdam, Eurolines also provide frequent departures … popular tourist destinations … the South of France, Spain and Italy. … addition, the intriguing destinations … the Eastern Europe are easily accessible … Eurolines: Prague, Budapest, Bratislava, Warsaw and Krakow are all served regularly … the year… .

Can you guess what information under the following items has been lost from this ad: Flexible Ticketing, Unaccompanied Minors, Cross Channel Services, Regular Refreshment Halts, Cancelling Your Ticket, Eurolines Insurance, Excellent Group Discounts? Discuss your ideas with the rest of your group.

5. Work in pairs. Complete the following unfinished pieces of argumentation using the expressions given below. Which of the speaker sounds more convincing in your opinion? Whose point of view do you share?

Alec: Hello, boys! I’m so happy! My parents have made me a wonderful present and I’m going to Disneyland on my holidays.

Nick: Fantastic! And you’ll go there by plane, I think.

Alec: Sure. For me there’s nothing like travel by air, it is more comfortable, more convenient and of course far quicker than any other method of travelling. There is none of the dust or dirt of a railway or car journey. ... Besides, flying itself is a thrilling thing. Don’t you agree?

Nick: I think I should say a word or two for trains.  With the train you have speed, comfort and pleasure combined. From the comfortable corner seat of a railway carriage you have a splendid view of the whole country side … . Besides, do you know a more exciting place than a big railway station?

Ann: I do.

Alec: And that is?

Ann: A big sea port. For me there’s no travel so fine as by boat. ...... And when you come to a harbour you see cargo-ships, sailing-ships, rowing-boats round you. All this is so thrilling!

Alec: But I suppose that’s all right for those who like it, but not for me as I am always seasick when the sea is a little bit rough.

Robert: Well, if we speak about methods of travelling we mustn’t forget about walking tours. … and besides you are saving your railway fare travelling on foot. So I say: “A walking tour for me!”

to feel the deck under one’s feet; to have a meal in the dining-car; the quietness and calm of nature; to go in search of beauty; to leave the dull road highway; to have much more advantages in comparison with; to feel the fresh wind blowing in the face ; to see a real country; to have a wonderful bed in a sleeper; to change from … to … .

6. Now look through the following text, study the information and render it to your friend. Put the linking words on the right in the correct place. They are given in the right order. Do you find this method of travelling attractive?

The advantages and disadvantages of travelling by TRAIN.

1 Travelling by train has many advantages. There are no stressful traffic jams, and trains are fast and comfortable. You can use the time in different ways. You can just sit and read, or watch the world go by. You can have a meal or a snack in the buffet car.  

first of all,


for example,

2 Travelling by train also has some disadvantages. It is expensive and the trains are sometimes crowded and delayed. You have to travel at certain times and trains cannot take you from door to door You need a bus or a taxi to take you to the railway station.


for one thing,

what is more,

for example

3 I prefer travelling by train to travelling by car. I feel more relaxed when I reach my destination.

despite the disadvantages, because

7. Make notes about the advantages and disadvantages of travelling by different means of transport. Then write a text similar to the one above, giving your own opinion.

 Types of transport



Road, train, sea, air

8. In these two dialogues find the following information:

1. Where does Ann live? 2. Where does she want to travel? 3. How long is she going to stay there?

Complete the first dialogue.

Catching a train


Good morning. (a)……. the times of trains (b) …….. Newcastle, please?


Afternoon, evening? When (c) …… ?


About five o’clock this afternoon.


About (d) …… . Right. Let’s have a look. There’s a train that (e)……  4.45, and there’s (f) …… at 5.25.


And (g) …… get in?


Back at King’s Cross at 7.15 and (h) …….


Thanks a lot.

Ann goes to the ticket office. Put the lines of the conversation in the correct order.


Hello. I’d like a ticket to Newcastle, please.


I want to come back this evening, so a day return.


How do you want to pay?


Return, please.


Here’s your change and your ticket.


Single or return?


Twenty, forty, sixty pounds.


Day return or period return?


Cash, please.


Forty-eight pounds fifty, please.


Thank you.

Try to remember the conversations. In pairs, practise saying them.

9. Work in pairs. Continue the dialogue between a travel counsellor and a customer at the tour agency according to the logical scheme. When you are ready, join up with another pair and compare your variants.

-Welcome, sir! Can I be helpful in any way?

-I’d like to go on a tour to … (Great Britain, Italy, Egypt etc.) …


asking for information-offering something

regretting and declining an offer of something- asking about preferences

saying what you prefer-advising someone

saying you are curious


Asking for information

Could you tell me … (please)?

Will you kindly tell me …, (please)? Can you help me? Do you happen to know …?

Offering smth

Would you like…?

Could (can) I offer you …?

What would you say to…?

Won’t you have…?


It’s a (great) pity …

I regret …

I’m sorry but …

Declining an offer of smth

Not for me, thanks

I won’t, thanks

Not this time, thanks

I’m not sure I can

That’s very kind, but I won’t…

Asking about preferences

Do you prefer … or …?

Would you rather … or…?

Which would you prefer … or…?

Which seems better to you?

Do you find … or …more enjoyably?

Advising someone

I wouldn’t recommend (advise) …

You’d better not …

I think you should …

Why don’t you …

I’d … if I were you, …

10. Continue each piece by adding a few sentences in full accordance with the speakers’ viewpoints.

Andrew: The best way to spend holidays is travelling. I believe holidays should   be a change of scene. If you live in a noisy city surrounding you’d prefer quiet and peaceful holidays in the country, by the sea, in the hills. On the other hand if you are a country-dweller…

Boris: Many people prefer package holidays .With it you’ll have some of the usual holiday problems settled long before your holidays start. A travel company will organize it for you beforehand. It will book ticket for the flight, make reservations of the hotel, hire a bus or a car to take you to the airport and back. Breakfasts will also be included. And they will offer you a package of sightseeings. All you have to do is…

Alice: There are serious grounds to believe that the history books will describe the present period of human civilization as the time when people forgot how to use their legs. Men and women moved about in cars, buses and trains. There were lifts and escalators in all buildings to prevent people from walking. And the most surprising thing is that they didn’t use their legs even when they went on holidays…

Irene: Travelling is adventure, and adventure is necessary for all of us. It keeps us from growing stale and old, it gives us the movement and change which are necessary to our life. One of the aims of travel is to go in search of beauty. Yet even more valuable to the traveller is the knowledge which he gets of his fellow men by going among people of different characters and ways of life.The proverb says: “So many countries, so many customs”. And then there’s for the traveller the great joy of coming home again…

11. Share your ideas on the following problems with the rest of the class. Try to be as persuasive as possible.

A. The only way to travel is on foot. B. A camping holiday is only for the young.

C. Tourism ruins everything that it touches. D. Every kind of travelling is good in its own way. E. Modern means of communication make the world a small place.

II. Writing Section

Write a short article on the topic: “The Journey of My Dreams”. What is your idea of a wonderful summer or winter holiday? What are its ingredients?

The Arts

I. 1. Look through the quotations and try to outline the problems to be discussed.

1. “All Art is but imitation of nature” (Seneca). 2. “A picture is a poem without words” (Horatio). 3. “Reading makes a full man, conference a ready man, writing an exact man” (Bacon). 4. “Music is the universal language of mankind” (Longfellow).

People spend their leisure time in a variety of ways.  The Arts provide outlets for hobbyists with special interest in such performing art forms as theatre, dance, cinema, ballet, opera and concerts.

2. Some people are speaking about their visit to a theatre performance. Look up and say which theatre they’ve visited. Why do you think so ?  Which theatres have you ever visited?

The Puppet Theatre     The Musical Comedy Theatre    The Opera House

The Art Theatre            The Drama Theatre          The Philharmonic Society

Robert Miller: “Even in these days of sophisticated film animation and special effects, these theatres still have a special place in many cultures and no doubt people will be able to see the traditional characters for many more years. Although some of us think of these objects as children’s entertainment, they were – and often still are – used to tell serious stories to adult audiences.”

Mike Smith: “the way they see the dance is based on the classical understanding of plasticity mixed with gymnastics, acrobatics, folk choreography, drama pantomime….”

John Norman: “There isn’t a single spare seat in the house and elegant music lovers are packed in the hall, listening attentively. As for the Evgeny Kissin piano recital, whatever one’s assessment of his sensitivity in Schumann or Beethoven, his technique and physical strength at the keyboard are beyond question. ”

Olga Gromova: “The performance is almost too perfect – resembling a polished masterpiece rather than a slice of real life.”

Martha Herbert: “It was a spectacular hit, a warm wonderful and welcoming show, full of great songs. I gasped, laughed and cried.”

3. These words have been left out of Nick’s theatre visiting story below. Say where they go and retell Nick’s impressions to your groupmates.

actors    seats   audience     performance  reviews   sets    lobby    cast    programme   stage

To tell the truth, I had a special liking for the Yanka Kupala Academic Theatre. As far as I know it is one of the oldest theatres in your republic. Yesterday my friends invited me to see an ambiguous... of Simon-Musician. Leaving our coats in the cloakroom, we passed on to the… We bought a… and occupied our… The theatre was full. There was hardly any vacant seat. It was grand, magnificent and a landmark. The …were realistic and costumes were wonderful. It was a good… acting with an absolutely fascinating charm and power. Within seconds, the… managed to create a field of energy around lifeless Symon – played by Alexander Molchanov. We enjoyed the play greatly. The… kept the actors on the… for a long time after the performance. The main actors were presented with flowers. The way Nicolay Pinigin had organized the performance was excellent and it got rave… in the papers.

4. Let’s phone to the book-office and try to reserve tickets. The table given above will help you.

Talking About Performances

Svetlov is a great theatre-goer. So once after the talks he asked Mr. Dunn:

Svetlov: What is on at London theatres now?

Dunn: ____1_____. The Covent Garden Theatre is famous for opera and ballet performances with the best English singers, ballerinas and ballet-dancers. The National Theatre shows the best in the world drama. Some theatres put on modern plays and at others you can sometimes enjoy good musicals, folk songs concerts or concerts of “pop” music.

Svetlov: Mr. Dunn. I’ve heard very much about the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. It’s in Stratford-on-Avon, isn’t it?

Dunn:     Right. But in 1960 the Royal Shakespeare Company also began to perform at the Aldwych Theatre in London where they put on both classical and new plays.

Svetlov: Have you seen any performances on the stage of the Stratford Theatre?

Dunn:    Oh yes. As a matter of fact my wife and I were there a couple of months ago and saw “Othello”.

Svetlov: What did you think of it?

Dunn: It was an excellent performance. The cast was very good, except for the actress who played the part of Desdemona. ____2_____.

Svetlov: What was wrong with her performance?

Dunn: Well, ____3____. During the interval everyone was saying that.

Svetlov: How about the actor who played the part of Othello?

Dunn: Oh, his performance was very convincing and dramatic. There were seven or eight curtain calls for him, when the performance was over.

Svetlov: There was a full house, I believe.

Dunn: Yes, indeed! ___4____. Anyway, Mr.Svetlov, I recommend you to go and see some play at the Aldwych Theatre. ___5____.

Svetlov: This sounds a good idea.

1. a) It is an extremely popular theatre. b) This play always has a full house. c) The house was rather thin.

4. a) You’ll enjoy it. b) It is worth seeing. c) The play turned out a frost.

2. a) She was rather ordinary.

b) There was so much emotion in her acting that many cried. c) Her sun is set.

5. a) There was no feeling in it.

b) She seemed to be talking in her sleep. c) Her play was so natural.

3. a)There is a bit of everything.

b) Let’s go over to the billboard and see what’s on.

c) The theatres started the new seasons.

What’s on at the Cinema Today?

5. What types of movies does the customer like (dislike)? Restore the dialogue and you‘ll find the answers.

Clerk: Let’s see … We have The Secret Agent Returns. That’s pretty exciting.

Customer: Hmm. Maybe a comedy.

Clerk: Hi. Can I help you?

Customer: Yeah, but I’ve seen it already. Maybe an action movie. Do you have any new movies?

Clerk: Well, Three Clowns is very funny.

Clerk: Do you know what type of movie you want to see? Comedy? Drama? Science fiction?

Customer: Well, I want to rent a video, but I don’t know what to watch.

Customer: Um … What’s that one from France that won the award at the film festival?

Clerk: Not really, it’s more of a spy thriller. The acting is great, and the plot is very clever. I liked it a lot.

Customer: Is it violent? I don’t like violent movies.

Clerk: We have a few … Anything in particular you’re interested in?

Customer: I don’t know … Well, how about foreign films?

Clerk: Oh, you mean C’est la Vie?

Clerk: OK. Let me just make sure that …

Customer: That’s the one! I’ll rent that.

6. Use these questions to have a conversation with your partner.

What is your favorite type of movie? Why?

What’s the worst movie you have seen? Why didn’t you like it?

Who is your favorite actress (actor)? Why?

What is the last movie you watched? Did you like it?

What movie that is currently playing do you want to see? Why?

7. Work in pairs You’ve managed to see a theatre performance and a new film at the cinema with your friends. Share your impressions using:

Definitely. That’s exactly my own view. I’m not at all, in fact. That’s not the way I see the play. You can’t be serious!

Do you think the play is more laughable than sad?

I was deeply impressed by the play.

The main characters were superb.

They have given the piece a realistic treatment.

The cast leaves much to be desired.

It’s a rather poor production.

I like the open-air scenes with their breath-taking beauty.

The film is dull in spots.

It is a masterpiece of French cinema art.

8. Find and read aloud those parts of the texts which express the viewpoints given below.

A: “In some respects the motion picture is the American art par excellence. For a long time Hollywood produces new films with an unbelievable speed. The slogan “The Art for art’s sake” is placed by a steady stream of the high quality movie hits. Different countries are pervaded with all sort of American-made thrillers, westerners, spy-films, horror-films, … the like which have a pernicious influence on young people. In the middle of the 20th century some critics argued that the American film, precisely because its need to please a mass audience had helped it break out of the limiting gentility of the European cinema, had a vitality and a set of masters without equal in the world.”

B: “The British film industry is widely acknowledged to have undergone a revival. British films, actors, creative and technical film services have been achieving notable successes at international film festivals. The important thing about the British film industry is that the industry is promoted by the British film Institute. The Institute offers direct financial and technical help to new and experienced film-makers who cannot find support elsewhere, insists on having artistic control of pictures. In other words, it controls the script, the cast, the shooting and the completion of the picture.”

The film-makers are extremely commercial-minded and regard the properties they have as commercial properties.

Commercial art impede the young talented film writers, actors and producers in their effort to produce really good films.

The British films will be in the international prize-winning category.

In Britain the local authorities have powers to license cinemas and censor films.

The American film industry has a motto “The Art for art’s sake”

9. Work in groups. Arrange your own material about the latest films you think to be popular. Make a presentation of the films you have chosen.

10. Gather material for your article A Theatrical Minsk. Present your material to the group.

11. Find the following information in the text. In some cases you have to write more than one number.

Which of the museums:

A spans the widest historical period?

F has 350 exhibition rooms?

B is an outstanding monument of Russian architecture?

G is known as  a “temple of spirit”?

C excites and provokes by its architecture?

H concentrates the radical new forms of art?

D exhibits coins and medals, ceremonial arms and armor?

I was named in 18th century?

E keeps dynastic collections?

J received Voltaire’s library?

1. The Hermitage is a world-famous museum of art and cultural history. Within in its walls are close to three million objects. Among them are quite a few true masterpieces of art and unique artifacts from many countries and peoples of the world, ranging from deepest antiquity to the present day. The Hermitage is also a unique architectural complex, an outstanding monument of Russian architecture of the 18th and 19th centuries.

The museum’s activity is in direct contradiction to the literal meaning of its name. “Hermitage” comes from the French eremite, which means “empty lot,” “hidden corner”. This was the name given in eighteenth-century France to small pavilions on palace grounds.

Along with paintings, the Hermitage received collections of engravings and drawings, antique artifacts, Western European sculptures, works of applied art, arms, coins, medals, and books (including Voltaire’s library). The museum’s exhibits (there are more than 350 exhibition rooms) are at present located in five buildings, connected by passages: the Winter Palace, the three hermitages (Small, Old, and New), and the Hermitage Theatre, in the foyer of which there are now regular exhibitions.

2. The Kunsthistorisches Museum traces its origins to the art collections assembled over centuries by the Habsburg dynasty. Holdings inherited from the Medieval rulers were augmented in the 16th century by emperors Maximilian I, Ferdinand I, Maximilian II and, in particular, Rudolf II, who was the most prominent collector of the early Modern period. These monarchs enriched the imperial collections with objects of outstanding artistic importance. The individual dynastic collections of the 16th century were kept in imperial residences in Vienna, Prague, Graz, and Ambras near Innsbruck. The diverse collections of paintings were combined to form the Kunsthistorisches Museum Picture Gallery, which comprises works from the 15th through the 18th centuries. Coins and medals from antiquity to the most recent times can be found in the Coin Cabinet. Ceremonial arms and armor from the 15th through the 17th centuries were amassed in the Collection of Arms and Armor. The development of modern conceptions of academic disciplines and research led to the “Universal Kunstkammer” splitting into the Collection of Greek and Roman Antiquities and the Egyptian and Near Eastern Collection, leaving the Kunstkammer with a core of works of decorative arts and sculpture. The Collection of Ancient Musical Instruments was assembled from the holdings of the Kunstkammer and the Este Collection.

After Connecting Museums, 2002 


12. Work in pairs. Discuss these questions: These words and phrases are sure to help you to express your idea.

- What are the important museums or galleries in your city (or a city you know well)?

- What makes them attractive to tourists? Which would you recommend, and why?

Manuscripts that were written centuries ago; collections of portraits painted by world known artists;

Belarusian decorations of the time of –; mosaic works; objects in ivory bone; objects in glass and pottery; national embroidery of the Belarusian peasantry; clay pots decorated with ornaments;

stone images of ancient gods; fur, felt and cloth garments, headwear and footwear of the 16 century.

13. Match the following genres of painting with their definitions:

1 a landscape

a) a painting of such unanimated subjects as fruit, flowers and other decorative things;

2 a portrait

b) a picture on a wall or ceiling where a plaster is still wet or damp;

3 a still life

c) a picture or representation of the person, especially of a face generally drawn from life;

4 a fresco

d) a painting of the sea

5 a seascape

e) a picture representing a tract of country with the various objects it contains.

14. Have you ever seen the world-famous paintings given below? Will you describe them?

“The Last Day of Pompeii” (Bryullov); “The Bogatyrs” (Vasnetsov); “Tenth Wave” (Aivasovski)

; “Demon” (Vrubel); “Golden Autumn” (Levitan)

For ideas:

dark clouds, a flash of lightning, truly remarkable, to look very impressive, strength of the heroes, a sinister atmosphere, to portray, to be in panic, red flames, range of colours, radiate, to cover the sky, to illuminate the scene, emotional storm, to be reflected, despair, sharp psychological expressiveness, airiness and lightness, poetic in tone and atmosphere.

The Sounds of Music

15. Music can be described in different terms. Put each word into one of these categories:

Musical genres (styles):

Musical rhythms:

Musical instruments

Music making

Musical equipment

Polka, to compose, violin, classical music (instrumental, vocal, chamber, symphony), guitar, to arrange, amplifier, to improvise, jazz, flute, electronic music, player, to write authentically music, blues, rock, equalizer, to make music, background music, cello, tuner, folk, French horn,  (loud) speaker, pop, to accompany, deck, opera, saxophone, ragtime.

16. A look through the descriptions of things you can do with music and try to guess the meaning of the words in bold type.

She plays the piano very well, but she doesn’t read music. She’s got a good ear. She can pick out any tune on the piano. She doesn’t have to practice much at all. She’s a natural. She can play by ear.

He’s very musical. He wrote an arrangement of (arranged) a Bach symphony for the band. You can play a tune on an instrument or you can whistle or hum. You can make music in lots of ways. I’ve some new chords on the guitar I have to practice my scales, but it’s boring.

B. Fill in the words in bold type from the text above in the description of

1. Vanessa started ____ the violin since her very first months, and by the age of 3 she could ____ music. She liked ____ her scales.

2. At seven, never having had a violin lesson, Mozart could ____ any tune on the violin. He ____ the first of his symphonies in 1765.

17. Look at the photos (pictures) and speak about your impressions on visiting a theatre (cinema, concert, exhibition). What role does music (theatre, cinema) play in your life? For ideas:

Educates my feelings, help appreciate the beauty, enrich our knowledge, develops my artistic taste, widen our outlook, to give anything new, to see the beauty around us, to have a pernicious influence, to be an intellectual exercise, to be an emotional experience, to understand human souls, cultivates some ideas, entertain, to inspire

18. Prepare your own questionnaire to interview a pop star. Run your interview and get ready to make a report summing up the answers.

19. Reading: pleasure or work. Go through the interview that follows. Analyze it and give comments on what is reading for them and how they feel about the world of literature.

Sheila M: “I like to be constantly in touch with the news. That’s why I prefer reading different types of newspapers. The popular papers are less in size, with many pictures, big headlines and short articles. The quality papers provide me with more serious articles and more detailed information.”

Mark S: “As for me I like reading novels, adventure stories and other books for fun. Recreational reading helps me understand people, takes on journeys to unknown parts of the world.”

Frank T: “As soon as I’ve been reading a book for a bit, I fall asleep. I always start off with the best intentions, but after a few pages my eye lids come down and I’m snoozing.

Nick P: “I take a great interest in reading scientific magazines. I try not to miss my chance to buy a special limited edition of Engineering Tomorrow. It is printed monthly. It gives me factual material about microelectronics, computing and electrical engineering.

20. Speak about your reading habits. These words are sure to help you.

to form a reading habit early in life; to motivate and encourage reading; to read silently to oneself; to read quickly but accurately; to read slowly; to read effortlessly; to read curled up in a chair; to read deep into the night; to read oneself to sleep; to read for pleasure/for an examination; to be glued to a book for hours; to be/get lost in a book; to choose books according to subject/the author's name; to browse through newspapers and periodicals; to scan / skim a magazine / article; to dip into/glance, over/pore over /thumb through a book;

fiction, science fiction, non-fiction, biography, fantasy, instruction booklet, poetry  

21. When we go to the library, we know definitely what we hope to find. We may be looking for special information for a scientific report, or we may want a story for our own entertainment or for starting a hobby. Read about a new public library. Why can it be a pleasant pastime to go to the library?

The grandest project of the country is a new National Library.

The model is unusual. It reminds a shaped diamond, symbolizing the value of the building. The first levels look like the support for the stone. They host reading halls, exhibitions, conference rooms with simultaneous translation equipment, stores and cafes.

The internal design presupposes that any book will be delivered through 20 floors and 60 meters diameter levels of shelves within 30 minutes.

The core of the building is the elevator going through all the floors. Another elevator, so-called the Panoramic elevator, is placed outside the building, so that visitors could appreciate the view from the top 25th floor of the library (72 meters). Right at the entrance there is the sculpture of Francisc Skoryna, Belarusian and Eastern European publisher. The Western wall will be decorated by an alley that will celebrate great cultural leaders of the past, as well as the scientist, politicians etc. There is also a plan to found the park of sculptures.

22. Answer the following questions:

1. What do generally students go to the library for? 2. Have you ever taken any information from the library for a specific purpose? 3. When did you last go to the library? 4. What kind of information did you get there?

23. Examine the network and reproduce the topic “Spare Time” supplying the necessary factual and imaginative details so as to present some ideas to your group mates.

Spare Time


Places to go


Ways of …


The Arts

Fine Arts


Performing Arts






II. Write an account of a visit to an exhibition, museum, concert or show. Explain what you enjoyed about it and why you would recommend it to other people.

III. Have debates between the lovers of classical music and the fans of light music, including jazz and blues. The champions of classic say that it is the music of high emotions. Their opponents say it is the light music that brings the feelings of satisfaction.

IV. Project Work

Your group is going to set up a leisure centre where people will enjoy different activities.

Follow the given stages to reach the goal.

1. Think about the final form of the centre. What activities will be included into plan of your centre?

2. Prepare a questionnaire about leisure activities your group mates prefer.

3. Run surveys, interviews and students’ activities preferences.

4. Decide how to organize the preferences for effective presentation.

5. Present the outcome of your project work as a culmination activity. The manner of the presentation will depend on the final form of the product. You may use pictures, diagrams, photographs, posters, video or audio recordings.

Comprehensive Prolonged Project

Day 7th  Today is your day off.

All the students are divided into groups. Your group is offered to visit a first-night performance and to attend The Wallace Collection and the museum of Madame Tusseaut of wax figures, representing famous personalities of politics, science and arts. Share your impressions on both visits with other participants of the Conference.



Nouns and Noun Phrases



выгода, польза; прибыль, преимущество



пристрастие; необъективность, предвзятость



недостаток, затруднение



сильное воздействие, влияние



проблема, спорный вопрос






точка зрения




Verbs and Verbal Phrases






касаться, относиться; затрагивать



освещать (события и т.п.) в печати, на телевидении, по радио

distribute v



do harm


наносить, причинять вред



ободрять, поощрять, поддерживать в чем-либо









побуждать, вызывать (какие-либо чувства), пробуждать (интерес и т.п.)

raise v


поднимать, повышать; побуждать



подписывать(ся) (на газеты, журналы и т.п.)



низвергать, низлагать, ниспровергать, разрушать




точный, верный, правильный



текущий, данный, современный






разумный, благоразумный, рациональный, здравый

reliable a





актуальный, животрепещущий, жизненный



(жизненно)важный, насущный, существенный, необходимый

I. Oral Practice Section

1. Look through the following proverbs, statements and quotations to outline the problems to be discussed.

1. Television is a window on the world. 2. One picture is worth a thousand words. 3. The press is a mirror of current events.4. “Explain, simplify, clarify”

(Alfred Harmsworth, publisher, press baron).

2. Work in pairs. You’ve got some information about mass media. Tell your partner about the role of mass media. Replace the words in bald with the words similar in meaning given in the box.

Mass media play a very important role in reflecting the life of society and building opinions. There are different kinds of mass media: press, television, radio, posters, advertisements, etc. All of them do much to excite an interest in every aspect of the country's life. They draw the public's attention to the most serious political, economic, social and ecological problems. They help to develop a broader understanding of the present-day world around us, to form our outlook. So as mass media actually raise the most vital problems, the effectiveness of their influence on the people is great. They keep people informed on all topical issues of the day.

Comprehension, current, in fact, commercial, significant, arouse, essential, pay attention to, viewpoints, impact, problems

3. Match the definitions below with the words in the list.




view held as probable




belonging to the present time; of the present day




to pay regularly in order to receive a magazine, newspaper, etc.




a part of a newspaper (supposed to be written by the editor) giving an opinion on some question of day (rather than news)




periodical publication with articles on current events, new books, art, etc.




to express; give an idea of




the way in which a particular piece of news or event is reported




an advertisement on television or radio




the title of a newspaper report printed in large letters




a continuing story about a group of people that is regularly on television




the number of copies a newspaper sells each day




a film that gives facts and information about a subject




a well-known person on television, film or in the press




a magazine about one topic, that appears once a month, three times a year, etc.




the person who decides what goes in a newspaper or magazine




thing that happens (usu. important)

4. Explain to your partner why the press is called a mirror of current events choosing the correct word.

The press is often called a mirror of current/currency events. It includes newspapers and magazines. Public life, rich/reach in interesting and important events, receives full cover /coverage on the pages of our newspapers. The educational role of the press is extremely great. If you are a regular reader of the press, you'll be good/well-informed in all questions. There are magazines and newspapers for almost every trade, profession, sport, hobby or interest. The editors /editorial usually deals with the topical issue of the day: important international and domestic news items. Different newspaper columns publish material on many different subjects including brief reviews of current events, critical comments on social life, interviews given by famous people. Some newspapers and magazines carry/bring supplements, which are very helpless/helpful for readers. In our country there are dailies, weeklies, monthlies. Many big cities have evening papers which give the last/latest news. People can subscribe to as many papers as they like. As for me, I subscribe to “Computer News”. It’s a weekly for specialists and entrepreneurs/enterprising. In Britain such newspapers are called quality newspapers, because they are serious and cover news thoughtlessness/thoughtfully. In “Computer News” you can find all the necessary information on computer world: new discoveries and inventions, network, software, hardware, interested/interesting and entertaining facts, advertisements. The paper has a supplement, which contains information about the computer market: prices, sellers, types of computers and peripherals on sale/sail.

5. Study the text and say which of these viewpoints it expresses.

1. A. Quality newspapers tend to make news sensational, avoid serious political and social problems or treat them superficially.

B. Quality newspapers give a full and thorough coverage of national and international events, business, sport and other news.

C. Much of the information presented by quality newspapers concerns the private life of people who are in the news.

2. A. Popular newspapers publish factual news reports and provide political opinions.

B. Popular papers keep the ruling circles of the country more or less accurately informed of the state of affaires in the economic and political spheres.

C. Popular papers concern themselves with the reports written in an easy to read and exciting way, playing on people’s emotions.

3. A. In Great Britain newspapers are politically independent.

B. In Great Britain newspapers having considerable freedom of expression are generally inclined to be sympathetic to the government or some political parties.

C. All British newspapers reflect and defend the interests of the Establishment.

4. A. National papers report mostly local news and are supported by local advertisements.

B. Sunday national papers give a wider coverage of news than dailies.

C. The daily papers have Sunday editions which contain brief commentaries of the most important events of the week.

Press in Britain

Probably in no other country are there such great differences between the various national daily newspapers – in the type of news they report and the way they report it.

On the one hand, there are the quality newspapers: The Times, The Independent, The Guardian, The Financial Times and The Daily Telegraph. Quality newspapers are serious national daily newspapers, appealing mainly to the upper and middle classes. They concern themselves mainly with factual reports of major national and international events, with the world of politics and business and with arts and sport. The Daily Telegraph, for example, contains reports on national and international news, gives a full coverage of sports and other topics. The Financial Times is read mainly by professional and business people as it contains coverage of industry, commerce and public affairs. The Guardian gives a wide coverage of news events and reports on social issues, the arts, education, etc. The Times is the most famous newspaper. It is not actually the oldest newspaper in Britain, but some years ago it celebrated its two hundredth birthday. The Times represents the views of the establishment and is well-known for its correspondence column.

On the other hand, there are the populars and tabloids, so-called because of their smaller size. The tabloids – the most widely read of which are The Daily Mail, The Daily Express, The Daily Mirror, The Sun and The Daily Star – concentrate on more emotive reporting of stories often featuring sex, violence, the Royal family, film and pop stars, and sport. The popular press aims to entertain its readers rather than inform them.

In some countries, newspapers are owned by government or by political parties. This is not the case in Britain. Newspapers here are mostly owned by individuals or by publishing companies, and the editors of the papers are usually allowed considerate freedom of expression. This is not to say that newspapers are without political bias. Papers like The Daily Telegraph, The Daily Express and The Sun, for example, usually reflect conservative opinions in their comment and reporting, while The Daily Mirror and The Guardian have a more left-wing bias.

In addition to the 12 national daily newspapers there are eleven national papers which are published on Sundays. Most of the “Sundays” contain more reading matter than daily papers, and several of them also include colour supplements – separate colour magazines which contain photographically-illustrated feature articles. Reading a Sunday paper, like having a big Sunday lunch, is an important tradition in many British households. Besides, nearly every area in Britain has one or more local newspapers. They give national but mostly local news. These are often evening newspapers, which people can buy in the afternoon or in the early evening on their way home from work.

There are magazines for all kinds of groups of people and for every type of hobby you can imagine, yet the British have nothing quite like many “news magazines”, serious and popular, that are, for example, on the German market. Information and articles of the type you would find in these “news magazines” appear in Britain in the national daily and Sunday newspapers.

The British are one of the biggest newspaper-reading nations in the world.

6. Look at the table and make up two sentences showing the difference between the Internet and the World Wide Web (WWW).

The Internet


A vast amount of


The invention of the Internet

The World Wide Web

The rapid growth of Internet


has also allowed

is likely



has been made

– often difficult to determine the authenticity and reliability of information contained in web pages;

– a collection of interconnected documents, linked by hyper-links and URLs;

– to change mass media and its relationship to society;

– available through the Internet;

– the collection of interconnected computer networks, linked by copper wires, fiber optic cables, wireless connections, etc;

– the idea of distributing the same message through different media channels;

– breaking news stories to reach around the globe within minutes.

7. Read the text and with the help of the table given above make its resume arranging sentences in accordance with the text.


The Internet (also known simply as "the Net") can be briefly understood as "a network of networks". Specifically, it is the worldwide, publicly accessible network of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the standard Internet Protocol (IP). It consists of millions of smaller domestic, academic, business, and governmental networks, which together carry various information and services, such as electronic mail, online chat, file transfer, and the interlinked Web pages and other documents of the World Wide Web.

Contrary to some common usage, the Internet and the World Wide Web are not synonymous: the Internet is a collection of interconnected computer networks, linked by copper wires, fiber-optic cables, wireless connections, etc.; the Web is a collection of interconnected documents, linked by hyperlinks and URLs. The World Wide Web is accessible via the Internet, along with many other services including e-mail, file sharing and others described below.

The best way to define and distinguish between these terms is to understand the Internet Protocol suite. This collection of protocols is organized into layers such that each layer provides the foundation and the services required by the layer above. In this conception, the term Internet refers to computer networks that all communicate with IP (Internet protocol) and TCP (transfer control protocol). Once this networking structure is established, then other protocols can run "on top". These other protocols are sometimes called services or applications. Hypertext transfer protocol, or HTTP, is an application layer protocol that links billions of files together into the World Wide Web.

Toward the end of the 20th century, the advent of the Worl