Theme of Around the World. Fulfilled: student group 12 PD-3


Культурология и искусствоведение

Each of us has ever dreamed of visiting elsewhere. This can be a favorite country or city or may not favorite, and the one that most attracts us. Italy, Spain, France, America, Czech Republic, because there are a lot of mysterious and beautiful places in the world. Not everything works in my life to travel. The reasons may be varied.



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On the discipline "Practice speaking and writing".

On the theme of "Around the World". 

Fulfilled: student group 12 PD-3

                                                                         Pastushenko Yana Andreevna

                                                                         Director: Albycheva Christina                        Yurievna

Ust - Kamenogorsk, 2015.



History of Brazil……………………………………..…………………………......5

Traditional food…………………………………………………………………….6



History of France………..………………………………………………………...11

Traditional food……..…………………………………………………………….12

Sights ……………..………..……………………………………………………..13


History of Australia……………………………………………………………….17

Traditional food…………………………………………………………………...18



History of Germany……………………………………………………………….23

Traditional food…………………………………………………………………...24


My practice in the company Orica………………………………………………..28


List of literature………………………………………………………………..


Each of us has ever dreamed of visiting elsewhere. This can be a favorite country or city or may not favorite, and the one that most attracts us. Italy, Spain, France, America, Czech Republic, because there are a lot of mysterious and beautiful places in the world. Not everything works in my life to travel. The reasons may be varied. Lack of money is one of the main reasons, followed by lack of time and other circumstances of others. But we live in the 21st century, where we have a lot more features than our ancestors. Now it is enough to enter into a search engine on the Internet that the country in which you would like to visit and you will discover a lot of sites and maps where you can see all that you are interested in. Of course this is no substitute for enthusiasm is the fact you are in a particular place. But our ancestors did not have this possibility. The theme "Around the World" gave a lot. This is its relevance. After all, everyone wants to discover something new. In my course design, I want to see the most interesting people of the country.

I was an intern in the company Orica. Orica - Australian transnational corporation, the world's largest producer of explosives to operating activities in more than 50 countries. The company's headquarters is located in Melbourne.

Originally founded more than 130 years ago as Jones, Scott and Co., supplier of explosives during the "gold rush", the business was acquired by Nobel. Nobel later merged with several British manufacturers of chemicals formed company Imperial Chemical Industries, and in 1928, the operating activities in Australia was renamed Imperial Chemical Industries of Australia and New Zealand (ICIANZ), in 1971 received the name of ICI Australia.

In July 1997, the company ICI sold its share of operations in Australia and changed its name to Orica, with a subsequent purchase from ICI international business for blasting. The purpose of this operation was to find a short, catchy and memorable name reflects the structure of the business. According to reviews Orica name reflects the basic ideas such as looking into the future, knowledge, professionalism and technology, each and reflect the company's positioning. Unofficially, the name «Orica» is considered to be a derivative of «Originally ICI Australia».

The purpose of this paper to learn attractions, traditional cuisine and the history of these countries. And also consider in detail the activities of the company Orica, its achievements and successes. To achieve the above purpose it is necessary to solve the following tasks:

- Choose the most interesting country.

- Learn the traditional cuisine, history and sights of a country.

- Learn more about the international company Orica.

The structure of this work is determined by the above-mentioned tasks.



Individual indigenous tribes and settlements numbered around 2 000 when the Portuguese first discovered Brazil, as it came to be known. When these Europeans arrived in the 16th century, they found themselves amidst a people that practiced cannibalism, were involved in tribal warfare and would fight for the popular brazilwood tree for its valuable red dye. Therefore, these new arrivals felt it was necessary tocivilisethe natives. They also immediately began to indulge in sexual relations with these ones, creating a very mixed culture, which remains one of the characteristics of the country to this day. They also brought with them many diseases from Europe, which wiped out vast numbers of the Brazilian natives. Although unintentional, this was responsible for the deaths of entire tribes as they swept through the country uncontrolled and untreated. The original population of these indigenous ones is estimated to be around 200 000 today, with most of these ones inhabiting the jungles.

Portugal was experiencing a massive economic crisis at this time, leading to a mass move of these people into South America, where they saw the potential to trade and to settle on safe, fertile land. However, they did not find much worth trading except the brazilwood trees. These settlers created their homes and communities mainly along the shore, where the ocean could provide them with food and a convenient transport route.

Slavery was a major trend in Brazil, although this was rarely recorded in the official annals of history. These slaves were brought to South America from Africa. Therefore, many of the modern-day people of Brazil have African genes too.

When gold was found in Brazil in the 1690s, this country was finally recognised for its mineral and trading potential. Approximately a century later, though, it was clear that the gold deposits were limited and that the agricultural value of this country remained its main asset. Napoleon Bonaparte arrived in 1807 and the Prince Regent, Dom Joao, arrived shortly thereafter. When Dom Joao returned to Portugal in 1821, he left Brazil in the hands of his son, Dom Pedro. However, when the king tried to return to what was, essentially, his territory (Brazil), his son rebelled, declaring this country’s independence from Portugal.

Coffee and sugar became major products of Brazil, giving the locals work and establishing the country within the world’s economy. The 19th century coffee magnates cooperated with a military coup, removing imperialism from Brazil, and making these coffee planters the major Brazilian powers of the time. The economic abundance stopped, however, when the world experienced a major depression. This created a country that was politically, economically, socially and morally worn down and unstable.

Today, Brazil is a democracy, and boasts one of the world’s fastest growing economies. As such, it remains a formidable competitor for other such lands.


Fried bar snacks

Beer, served so cold that chunks of ice stick to the bottle, is the drink of choice in Brazil. And an assortment of fried foods makes the perfect pairing, be it pastéisdeep-fried parcels of crisp pastry filled with melting cheese, or minced beef, or creamy palm heart, or crunchy batons of manioc, bolinhos (‘little balls’) most often made with salt cod. Or perhaps coxinha (‘little thigh’), with shredded chicken and potato pureed, shaped like a (very voluptuous) thigh and covered in golden breadcrumbs.

Barbecued meat

Brazil and Argentina both claim to be South America’s barbecue champion. And while each have a different approachfrom the cuts to the accompanimentssome things remain the same; the ogre-sized quantities of meat, best appreciated at a leisurely pace, and with an elasticated waistband.

In Brazil, premium cuts (the most popular being picanha, rump cap) are seasoned with no more than a liberal shake of coarse salt, before being grilled to pink perfection over charcoal (or wood, if you’re doing it the old-fashioned Southern way). Home barbecues will see sausages, queijo coalho (squeaky cheese-on-a-stick) and chicken hearts sharing space on the grill, while in churrascarías (barbecue-style steakhouses) all manner of meats on skewers, from pork to lamb and wild boar, will be sliced by waiters straight onto your plate.

Moqueca (pronounced moo-kek-a)

More than a mere fish stew, moqueca is served with theatrical flourish as the piping hot clay pot is uncovered at the table amidst clouds of fragrant steam. Baianos (residents of Bahia, in the North-East) and Capixabas (from the neighbouring state of Espírito Santo) both lay claim to the origins of the dish, and both serve up equally tasty variations. At its simplest, fish and/or seafood are stewed in diced tomatoes, onions and coriander. The Capixabas add a natural red food colouring urucum (annatto seeds), while the Baianos serve a heavier version, with dendê (palm oil), peppers and coconut milk. It’s teamed with rice, farofa (fried manioc flour ideal for mopping up juices) and pirão (a spicy, manioc flour fish porridge, that’s far tastier than it sounds)


Dating back to the 1500s, cachaça is made from fermented sugarcane juice, and is best known as the fiery kick in caipirinhas Brazil’s national cocktail. While caipirinhas are often made with uncoloured, unaged cachaças, there are thousands of better-quality golden varieties, aged in wood barrels, and sipped straight up by aficionados.

For the morning after, clear your head with a Guaraná (a sweet, fizzy energy drink), an água de coco (coconut water, best sipped straight from the coconut) or caldo de cana (freshly pressed sugar cane juice)


Ouro Preto

One of Brazil’s best-preserved colonial towns, Ouro Preto, meaningblack gold, was founded at the end of the 17th century. It quickly became the epicenter of a new gold rush in the state of Minas Gerais. The city contains well preserved Portuguese colonial architecture, while modern buildings must adhere to historical standards maintained by the city. 18th- and 19th-century churches decorated with gold and the sculptured works of Aleijadinho make Ouro Preto one of the most popular tourist attractions in Brazil.

Teatro Amazonas

Teatro Amazonas or Amazon Theatre is an opera house located in Manaus, in the heart of the Amazon Rainforest. It was built during the heyday of rubber trade using materials from all over the world, with furniture from Paris, marble from Italy, and steel from England. On the outside of the building, the dome was covered with 36,000 decorated ceramic tiles painted in the colors of the Brazilian national flag.

The first performance was given on January 7, 1897, with the Italian opera La Gioconda. The opera house was closed down soon after however as the rubber trade declined and Manaus lost its main source of income. There wasn’t a single performance in Teatro Amazonas for 90 years until 1990 when it reopened its doors.

Fernando de Noronha

Fernando de Noronha is a beautiful archipelago with pristine beaches, landscapes and wildlife, situated 354 km (220 miles) off the northeastern coast in Brazil. The archipelago was discovered by Amerigo Vespucci in 1503 and temporarily occupied by the Dutch and French before Portugal established dominion in 1737. Today only the largest of the 21 islands is inhabited with a population of about 3,500. The islands are a Mecca for divers and snorkelers with warm waters year-round and very good visibility even at depths of 50 meters.

Historic Center of Olinda

Another well preserved colonial city, Olinda is located on the Brazil’s northeastern coast, just north of Recife. Olinda features a number of major touristic attractions, such as a historic downtown area, churches, and the famous Carnival of Olinda. Many bars, restaurants, artist and craftspeople studios add charm to the old-town setting.

Salvador Beaches

Salvador is the capital of the state of Bahia, with an attractive colonial town, a vibrant musical scene and loads of exceptional beaches all around. The beaches range from calm inlets, ideal for swimming, diving and sailing, as well as open sea inlets with strong waves, popular with surfers. There are also beaches surrounded by reefs, forming natural pools of stone, ideal for children.


The Pantanal is the world’s largest wetland, lying mostly in Western Brazil but extending into Bolivia and Paraguay as well. Famous for its wildlife, it is one of Brazil’s major tourist attractions. Unlike the Amazon rainforest, in the Pantanal you are virtually guaranteed to actually see the wildlife. Capybara and the Yacare Caiman are present in the millions. The Pantanal is also home to one of the largest Jaguar populations in the Americas.

Rio Carnival

There are carnival celebrations in virtually every corner of Brazil, the best-known ones taking place in Recife together with the neighboring Olinda and Salvador. But the biggest and most famous carnival is undoubtedly the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro. The Rio Carnival attracts two million people per day on the streets and almost half a million foreigners during its 4 day celebration. The Carnival is all over the place, in the streets and squares, bars, clubs and all other venues in Rio, concluding in the spectacular Rio Samba Parade at the Sambadrome.

Amazon River

At approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles) the Amazon River is the second longest river in the world, just slightly shorter than the Nile, and the largest river by volume. The Amazon has over 3,000 recognized species of fish and new species are still being discovered. The Amazon Basin is covered by half of the planet’s remaining rainforests. Although a tenth of the world’s estimated 10 million living species live in the Amazon rainforest, jungle tours are more about the boating upriver into the damp, buzzing, oppressive ambience than actually spotting animals.

Iguaçu Falls

One of the great natural wonders of the world, Iguaçu Falls is situated on the border between Brazil and Argentina. The waterfall system consists of 275 falls along the Iguazu River. The most impressive of them all is the Devil’s Throat a U-shaped with a height of 82 meter (269 ft). The falls can be reached from the cities Foz do Iguaçu in Brazil and Puerto Iguazú in Argentina, as well as from Ciudad del Este in Paraguay. On the Brazilian side there is a long walkway along the canyon with an extension to the lower base of the Devil’s Throat.

Christ the Redeemer

Christ the Redeemer is the famous statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro. Located at the peak of the 700 meters (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain, it provides a sweeping panorama from the interior of Guanabara bay to the north, to Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas to the south. The Christ the Redeemer statue stands 39.6 meters (130 ft) tall, including its 9.5 meters (31 ft) pedestal and has become an icon of Rio and Brazil.



France is an independent nation in Western Europe and the center of a large overseas administration. It is the third-largest European nation (after Russia and Ukraine). 

In ancient times France was part of the Celtic territory known as Gaul or Gallia. Its present name is derived from the Latin Francia, meaning "country of the Franks," a Germanic people who conquered the area during the 5th century, at the time of the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It became a separate country in the 9th century.

Since the 17th century, France has played a major role in European and world events. In the 20th century, it has experienced numerous crises, including the devastation of two world wars, political and social upheavals, and the loss of a large empire in Indochina, Algeria, and West and Equatorial Africa. It has, however, survived and emerged from the ruins of World War II to become an important world supplier of agricultural and industrial products and a major partner in the EUROPEAN COMMUNITY (EC, or Common Market).

Today, the term metropolitan France refers to the mainland departments and CORSICA, a large island located in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Italy that has been a part of France since 1768. France has six overseas departments: FRENCH GUIANA in South America; GUADELOUPE and MARTINIQUE in the West Indies; MAYOTTE, an island formerly part of the Comoros, located in the Indian Ocean; REUNION, an island in the Indian Ocean; and SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON, islands off the east coast of Canada. In addition, France has numerous small possessions called overseas territories. These include a group of widely scattered islands in the South Pacific, which are administered from Tahiti and are known collectively as FRENCH POLYNESIA; FRENCH SOUTHERN AND ANTARCTIC TERRITORIES; NEW CALEDONIA and WALLIS AND FUTUNA ISLANDS; and many small islands in the southern oceans, including the Kerguelen and Crozet archipelagos and the islands of St. Paul and Amsterdam (Indian Ocean). The overseas departments and territories are represented in the French National Assembly.


        Soupe à l'oignon

This is a traditional French soup made of onions and beef stock, usually served with croutons and cheese on top. Its origins can be traced back to Roman times. However, its current version originated in the 18th century. The remarkable taste of the soup is due to the caramelisation of the onions.


France is the place to find the most suitable wine for every palate - from white to rose, and red to champagne. You can drink French wine with your meal, with cheese or while sitting and enjoying the sun at a café. This drink can make you warm in the cold or enrich the taste of the exquisite French cuisine. 


If you are up for experimenting and playing with your senses, order a serving of diverse French cheeses. These plates are usually served after the main course and before desert. In general, they consist of pressed, soft and blue cheeses. There is such a diversity of French cheeses, and just like French wine, there is something for every taste.

Boeuf bourguignon

This is a traditional French meala stew made of beef braised in red wine, beef broth and seasoned with garlic, onions, fresh herbs and mushrooms.

Chocolate souffle

A delicious dessert not to be missed! The crispy chocolate crust with a soft creamy chocolate filling make this sweet delight different than anything you will ever taste.

Flamiche means cake in Flemish and it originates from Northern France, near the border with Belgium. It is a pie crust filled with cheese and vegetables. The stuffing in the classic recipe is made of leeks. However, there is also a pizza-like version of the Flamiche which is without the top crust of the pie.

Confit de canard
         Duck confit is a tasty French meal made of duck legs. The preparation of the meat may take up to 36 hours! The duck meat is gently mixed with salt, garlic and thyme and left to absorb their aroma for more than a day. It is generally fried or grilled afterwards, and served with roasted potatoes and garlic on the side.

Salade nicoise

A typical French salad made of lettuce, fresh tomatoes, boiled eggs, canned tuna, Nicoise Cailletier olives and anchovies. It is a fresh starter for a lovely French lunch.


Ratatouille can be served as a side dish, as a meal or as a stuffing for other dishes, such as crepes and omelettes. It is generally made in a shallow pan, on high heat, with a relatively small amount of fat. The ingredients consist of tomatoes, garlic, onions, zucchini, eggplant, carrots, bell peppers, basil, marjoram, thyme and other green herbs.

Tarte tatin

They say this apple pie was made by mistake in 1898 by Stephanie Tartin. She was trying to make a traditional apple pie. Fortunately, she accidentally left the apples in sugar and butter for far too long in the pan. In a hurry, trying to rescue the desert, she put the pastry base on top of the burning fruits and then placed the pan in the oven. The desert finished baking and the resultwell, try it and you won’t regret it!


Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel)

The Eiffel Tower, designed by Gustave Eiffel built in 1889 for the Universal Exhibition to celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution, has become the symbol of Paris and is one of the top tourist destinations in France. It can be seen from most vantage points in the city, but arguably the most spectacular view is from the Trocadéro in the 16th arrondissement.  In the summer months, when tourism is at its peak, the lines for the elevator to go up the tower can be very long. You can walk to the first level, (360 steps) or the second (700 steps). There is a change of elevators on the second level, so you can stay on the second level, or go from there to the top if you’d like. Once you get to the top, there is an observation room surrounded by glass, so you need not go out in the winds to get the 360-degree view of the city from over 1000 feet up. Many tourists actually think the view from the second level is actually better than on the third. From the second level, you can see all the monuments and places of interest very well.

Pont du Gard

A masterpiece of Roman architecture, the Pont du Gard, was constructed around 19 BC as part of a Roman aqueduct system that transported spring water from the nearby city of Uzès to Nimes. Constructed without mortar, this bridge carried 4.4 million gallons of water per day on its top level. The lower levels served as bridges over the Gard River 158 feet below. After not being used for more than 1700 years, the bridge was restored in the 19th century. Now, visitors can drive across the lower tier and walk across the two upper tiers. After you check out the bridge, wade in the clear blue waters of the Gard River, or take some time for photos with the bridge, an Unesco World Heritage Site, in the background.


Linked to the mainland by a causeway constructed in 1877, the Mont-St-Michèl abbey rises majestically out of the shifting tides of the sea. The buildings on this isolated island date from the 11th century. Inspired by an apparition of St. Michael, the bishop of Tombe built an oratory on the island, which was followed by even more splendid buildings, all in honor of St. Michael. The beauty of Mont St. Michel is the view from afar, especially at dawn or dusk. The island itself has become somewhat of a tourist trap with one souvenir shop after another as you climb to the top of the abbey. However, view from the abbey over the sea and coastline is lovely, and definitely worth the climb. History buffs will enjoy taking a guided tour of the abbey and its grounds.

Chateau de Chenonceau 

This stunning château is set atop the River Cher. Chenonceau is known asChâteau des Dames,because it owes a large part of its history and charm to women. Built in 1513 by Katherine Briçonnet (wife of Charles VIII of France), it was made more attractive by Diane de Poitiers (mistress of King Henry II) and Catherine de Médicis (wife of King Henry II), and saved from destruction during the French Revolution by Madame Louise Dupin (wife of a wealthy Frenchman, Claude Dupin). I highly recommend taking a guided tour to learn about the fascinating history of this architectural gem. On your visit, you will see Renaissance furniture, a vast ensemble of XVIth and XVIIth century tapestries and a great number of masterpieces by Le Primatice, Rubens, Le Tintoret, Rigaud, Nattier, and Van Loo. Be sure to take some time to explore the exquisite gardens as well.

La Cite Carcassonne

This medieval town is complete with a moat, turrets and ramparts. Restored in the 19th century, thanks to the attentions of historian Viollet-le-Duc, the citadel of Carcassonne looks as it did when it was built by King Louis IX in the 13th century. It is a truly a beautiful and moving thing to see the cité’s golden buildings aglow in the sunlight or in the spotlights that come on after dark. A tour given by a history expert (when you arrive, stop by the visitor’s booth to find out more about tours and times) will unlock the secrets of this historic walled city. A visit to Carcassonne can easily take up the entire day. In the evening, enjoy a dinner at one of the many charming restaurants tucked back amongst the winding cobblestone roads.

Cathédrale de Notre Dame 

In addition to being architecturally stunning, Reims’Cathédrale de Notre Dame is also historically significant—it is where France’s kings were crowned, from Clovis in the 6th century to Charles X in the 19th century. Construction on this impressive church began in the 13th century; over the past 100 years, it has been rebuilt and restored. Most notable are the windows, such as the 13th century Great Rose Window, featuring the Virgin Mary among angels and apostles, and the unforgettable Chagall window, depicting the Crucifixion. The cathedral’s intricate facades, including the western side’s Gallery of Kings with more than 2,000 statues, are incredible to behold.

Cathédrale de Chartres 

Originally constructed in 1020 and destroyed by fire in 1194, the Chartres Cathedral was rebuilt in the 12th century by local citizens and royalty. This stunning cathedral is hailed as one of the most beautiful works of architecture in western civilization, and the most spectacular Gothic cathedral in Europe. A short (hour and ten minute) train ride from Paris, the town of Chartres is the perfect day-trip destination. After you tour the cathedral, take time to stroll the cobblestone streets and peruse the art galleries, antique shops, and museums. When you need a break from exploring, grab lunch or dinner at one of the charming traditional cafés around the cathedral.

Mégalithes de Carnac (Prehistoric Megaliths)

Located in and around the village of Carnac (in Bretagne), there are literally thousands of ancient granite rocks are arranged in different patterns (the Ménec alignments are the most well-known set of Carnac stones). Contemporary scientists are still mystified by these stones. It is thought that there is religious significance to these sites, but the placement of the rocks also suggests an astronomical calendar. What we do know is that megalithic tribes carefully placed these rocks as early as 4000bc. There are also a series of caves with prehistoric markings in this area—a must visit for history and prehistoric art buffs.

Les Calanques in the South of France

Les Calanques are a series of rugged white cliffs jut out into the Mediterranean Sea, forming a series of inlets (sometimes referred to asMeditteranean fjords”). Les Calanques are located in the south of France, roughly between La Ciotat and Marseilles. The best-known stretch is the Massif des Calanques, found in the Bouches-du-Rhône region, between Cassis and Marseilles. These striking natural beauties are best viewed by boat. There are several ports that offer short trips to see the rock formations, Marseilles and Cassis being the most popular.

Château de Versailles

A short (approximately 20-minute) train ride from Paris, the Château de Versailles is one of the top tourist destinations in France. Home to King Louis the XIV (“The Sun King”), his son Louis XV, and grandson Louis XVI (husband of Marie Antoinette), Versailles is the very definition of exquisite opulence. When it was constructed in built in the 17th century, it was the largest palace in all of Europe. After the French Revolution, it became a museum.



The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines, who migrated there at least 40,000 years ago from Southeast Asia. There may have been between a half million to a full million Aborigines at the time of European settlement; today about 350,000 live in Australia.

Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish ships sighted Australia in the 17th century; the Dutch landed at the Gulf of Carpentaria in 1606. In 1616 the territory became known as New Holland. The British arrived in 1688, but it was not until Captain James Cook's voyage in 1770 that Great Britain claimed possession of the vast island, calling it New South Wales. A British penal colony was set up at Port Jackson (what is now Sydney) in 1788, and about 161,000 transported English convicts were settled there until the system was suspended in 1839.

Free settlers and former prisoners established six colonies: New South Wales (1786), Tasmania (then Van Diemen's Land) (1825), Western Australia (1829), South Australia (1834), Victoria (1851), and Queensland (1859). Various gold rushes attracted settlers, as did the mining of other minerals. Sheep farming and grain soon grew into important economic enterprises. The six colonies became states and in 1901 federated into the Commonwealth of Australia with a constitution that incorporated British parliamentary and U.S. federal traditions. Australia became known for its liberal legislation: free compulsory education, protected trade unionism with i The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines, who migrated there at least 40,000 years ago from Southeast Asia. There may have been between a half million to a full million Aborigines at the time of European settlement; today about 350,000 live in Australia.

Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish ships sighted Australia in the 17th century; the Dutch landed at the Gulf of Carpentaria in 1606. In 1616 the territory became known as New Holland. The British arrived in 1688, but it was not until Captain James Cook's voyage in 1770 that Great Britain claimed possession of the vast island, calling it New South Wales. A British penal colony was set up at Port Jackson (what is now Sydney) in 1788, and about 161,000 transported English convicts were settled there until the system was suspended in 1839.

Free settlers and former prisoners established six colonies: New South Wales (1786), Tasmania (then Van Diemen's Land) (1825), Western Australia (1829), South Australia (1834), Victoria (1851), and Queensland (1859). Various gold rushes attracted settlers, as did the mining of other minerals. Sheep farming and grain soon grew into important economic enterprises. The six colonies became states and in 1901 federated into the Commonwealth of Australia with a constitution that incorporated British parliamentary and U.S. federal traditions. Australia became known for its liberal legislation: free compulsory education, protected trade unionism with industrial conciliation and arbitration, the secret ballot, women's suffrage, maternity allowances, and sickness and old-age pensions.


Pie Floater

Of all the Australian foods I came across in researching this piece, the Pie Floater is by far the most mind-blowing. Let’s go back to those meat pies mentioned above, only this time we’re going to take one of them, flip it over, and submerge it in a thick green bowl of pea soup. Wow. By now you should know that this glorious mush of a meal could only be improved by a coating of ketchup on top. Bravo, Australia. Bravo. 

So there you go. What do you think, ES readers? Are Australia’s fatty foodstuffs even more impressive than America’s? Which of these dishes would you most like to try? Australian readers, please understand that while we do make fun, we really are in awe of all your inventions.  Do holler back in the comments if there are any great Australian dishes we left out. And yes, New Zealand, we know you claim to have invented every one of these foods on your own. You Kiwis are cuter than Canadians.


There’s no way we could celebrate Australian cuisine without mentioning this much maligned foodstuff. The notorious spreadpopular enough down under that it’s distributed by Kraftis actually made from yeast extract, a byproduct of beer brewing. The deep, bitter character of this widely-eaten toast topping is often described diplomatically asan acquired taste.

Dagwood Dog

It’s starting to become more and more apparent that the Australians are nothing less than America’s foodie soul mates. At their summer festivals (basically state fairs), you’ll always see Dagwood Dogs (sometimes called Pluto Pups) —deep-fried frankfurters encased in crispy dough. While they’re pretty much the same as our corn dogs, they have the added distinction of coming pre-dipped in ketchup for easy walking and eating. I’m starting to notice a trend heredo Australians love ketchup even more than Americans? 


Another one they tried to blame on someone else by using a tricky name, this dessert was created in honor of Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova, who toured Australia in the 1930s. While there are now hundreds of differentpavrecipes found throughout the country, the basic idea is that it’s a crispy meringue shell, but when you break into it the inside is gooey like marshmallow fluff. Any type of fruit can be placed on top, and the finished Pavlova can be anything from anintricate, elegant creation to the hot mess you see above.

Boston Bun

Australia gets bonus points for trying to blame this monstrosity on us by using the surreptitious name Boston Bun. I’ve been to Massachusetts many times and have never seen a spiced potato bun covered in heaps of thick-thick coconut icing. But in Australia, these mysteriously named treats pair perfectly with a cup of tea.



The capital of South Australia, Adelaide is Australia’s fifth largest city, with a population of over 1.2 million. More than three quarters of South Australians live in the Adelaide metropolitan area. The city is located on a plain between the rolling Adelaide Hills and the Gulf St Vincent and is bordered by many of Australia’s famous wine regions. Historically known as the City of Churches much of the architecture in the inner city is retained from the colonial era.


Hugging the coastline of Northern Territory, Darwin has long been the most international of the country’s major cities. Its close proximity to other countries in the Indian Ocean has made the city a transportation hub since its earliest days. Devastated during WW II, Darwin is a resilient town with a spirit that can’t be defeated. Today, the city of around 75,000 people is a popular holiday destination.


Hobart is the capital city of the Australian island of Tasmania, as well as Australia’s second oldest city after Sydney. With a population of about 250,000 Hobart is small and intimate compared to larger mainland Australian cities, reflecting the small size of the state. There are many fine examples of Georgian and Victorian architecture in Hobart, such as Salamanca Place, which has a terrace of warehouses dating back to the whaling days of the 1830s. It has a mild temperate oceanic climate, with four distinct seasons.


Brisbane is the capital of the state of Queensland. It has a population of about 2 million people, making it the third-largest city in Australia, after Sydney and Melbourne. Brisbane’s year-round warm climate, spectacular scenery and pleasant locals have been the draw-cards for many domestic and international visitors, making Brisbane the fastest-growing city in Australia.


Located on Australia’s southwestern coastline, Perth is the country’s fourth-largest city and the capital of Western Australia. Isolated from other major cities in Australia, Perth has developed its own unique character. Although the area has been inhabited for thousands of years, there’s a youthful atmosphere and a fun-loving attitude in this city of nearly two million people.


The capital of the state of Victoria, Melbourne is Australia’s second most populated city. Located near the southeastern tip of Australia on the large natural bay of Port Phillip, Melbourne is considered the nation’s cultural capital as well as an important port. A well-planned city known for its shopping, fine restaurants and sports venues, Melbourne is the ideal destination for travelers who appreciate the good life.


For its tropical climate, easy-going ambiance and close proximity to the Great Barrier Reef, Cairns is one of Australia’s most popular vacation destinations. Located on the northwest corner of Australia, Cairns is a provincial but stylish city with a population of around 150,000 people. Few coastal destinations feature more wildlife diversity and more opportunities for travel adventures than pretty Cairns.

Alice Springs

Located in the heart of Australia about 1500 km (900 miles) from the nearest major city, Alice Springs is comprised of cavernous gorges, boundless desert landscapes, remote Aboriginal communities and a charming pioneering history. It embodies the hardy outback of the Red Centre, and is a travel hub for sights and hikes in the region, such as Uluru/Ayers Rock, Kata Tjuta (the Olgas) and Kings Canyon. Since the start of the tourist boom in the early eighties, the population has substantially grown to about 28,000.



The Celts are believed to have been the first inhabitants of Germany. They were followed by German tribes at the end of the 2nd century B.C. German invasions destroyed the declining Roman Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries A.D. One of the tribes, the Franks, attained supremacy in western Europe under Charlemagne, who was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800. By the Treaty of Verdun (843), Charlemagne's lands east of the Rhine were ceded to the German Prince Louis. Additional territory acquired by the Treaty of Mersen (870) gave Germany approximately the area it maintained throughout the Middle Ages. For several centuries after Otto the Great was crowned king in 936, German rulers were also usually heads of the Holy Roman Empire.

By the 14th century, the Holy Roman Empire was little more than a loose federation of the German princes who elected the Holy Roman Emperor. In 1438, Albert of Hapsburg became emperor, and for the next several centuries the Hapsburg line ruled the Holy Roman Empire until its decline in 1806. Relations between state and church were changed by the Reformation, which began with Martin Luther's 95 theses, and came to a head in 1547, when Charles V scattered the forces of the Protestant League at Mühlberg. The Counter-Reformation followed. A dispute over the succession to the Bohemian throne brought on the Thirty Years' War (1618–), which devastated Germany and left the empire divided into hundreds of small principalities virtually independent of the emperor.



Apfelstrudel (apple strudel) is a delicious pastry filled with apples flavoured with sugar, cinnamon, raisins and breadcrumbsand has been popular since the 18th century. The delicate flakey pastry is made from an elastic dough, which is kneaded and stretched until it’s as thin as phyllo pastry. The pastry is wrapped round and round the filling building up many layers, and then baked. It’s served warm in slices sprinkled with powdered or icing sugar.


A steaming bowl of eintopf will warm you up on a cold day. The name of this traditional German stew literally meansone potand refers to the way of cooking rather than a specific recipe. However, most recipes contain the same basic ingredients: a broth, some vegetables, potatoes or pulses and then some meat (commonly pork, beef or chicken) or sometimes fish. There are regional specialities, for example, lumpen und fleeh (which meansrags and fleas’) in the Kassel area, which is similar to Irish stew.


Spatzle, noodles made from wheat flour and egg, are popular especially in the South. They’re often served topped with cheese (kasepatzle) –rather like macaroni cheeseand sometimes with roasted onions as well. They can be served boiling hot, straight from the panso be careful!


These are shallow pan-fried pancakes made from grated or ground potatoes mixed with flour, egg, onion and seasoning. You can enjoy them either salty as a side dish to a main course of meat or fish, or sweet with apple sauce, blueberries, sugar and cinnamon. Look out for them in outdoor markets in the winter.



The ultimate fairytale castle, Neuschwanstein is situated on a rugged hill near Füssen in southwest Bavaria. It was the inspiration for the Sleeping Beauty castles in the Disneyland parks. The castle was commissioned by King Ludwig II of Bavaria who was declared insane when the castle was almost completed in 1886 and found dead a few days later. Neuschwanstein is the most photographed building in the country and one of the most popular tourist attractions in Germany.

Brandenburg Gate

The Brandenburg Gate is the only surviving city gate of Berlin and symbolizes the reunification of East and West Berlin. Built in the 18th century, the Brandenburg Gate is the entry to Unter den Linden, the prominent boulevard of linden trees which once led directly to the palace of the Prussian monarchs. It is regarded as one of the most famous landmarks in Europe.

Heidelberg Old City

Located in the Neckar river valley, Heidelberg is one Germany’s most popular tourist destinations. During WWII, the city was almost completely spared by allied bombings which destroyed most of Germany’s larger inner cities. As a result, Heidelberg has retained its baroque charm of narrow streets, picturesque houses and the famous Heidelberg Castle.


The Holstentor is one of the two remaining city gates of the city of Lübeck. Built in 1464, the gate now serves as a museum. Because of its two captivating round towers and arched entrance it is regarded as a symbol of Lübeck. Together with the old city center (Altstadt) of Lübeck it is one of the top tourist attractions in Germany.

Cologne Cathedral

Easily the greatest Gothic cathedral in Germany, Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) has been Cologne’s most famous landmark for centuries. Construction of the Cologne Cathedral began in 1248 and took, with interruptions, more than 600 years to complete. It is dedicated to the saints Peter and Mary and is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne.

Romantic Rhine

The Romantic Rhine is the most famous section of the Rhine, running between from Koblenz to Bingen. The river Rhine carves its way here through steep vineyard-covered hills topped with countless castles and ruins. The river has been an important trade route into central Europe since ancient times and a string of small towns has grown up along the banks. Constrained in size, many of these old towns retain a historic feel today.

Rügen Cliffs

The Rügen Cliffs are located in the Jasmund National Park in the northeast of Rügen island. Facing constant erosion the chalk cliffs tower high above the Baltic Sea. The 118 meter (387 feet) high Königsstuhl (king’s chair) is the most majestic part of the cliffs. The undisturbed forests behind the cliffs are also part of the national park.


Located in Dresden, the Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) is a Lutheran church that was completely destroyed during WWII. The church reconstructed using original plans from the 1720s and reopened in 2005. The city of Coventry, which was raided by the Luftwaffe donated the golden cross for the dome of the church. Since its reopening, the Frauenkirche has been a hugely popular tourist attraction in Dresden. In 2009 the church was visited by President Barack Obama.


Orica Limited is an Australian-based multinational corporation that is the largest provider of commercial explosives and blasting systems to the mining and infrastructure markets, the global leader in the provision of ground support in mining and tunnelling, and the leading supplier of sodium cyanide for gold extraction. The company operates in more than 50 countries worldwide and serves customers in more than 100.


Initially formed over 130 years ago as Jones, Scott and Co., a supplier of explosives during the Victorian gold rush, the company was bought by Nobel Industries. Nobel later merged with several British chemical manufacturers to form Imperial Chemical Industries, In 1928, Imperial Chemical Industries of Australia and New Zealand (ICIANZ) was incorporated to acquire and coordinate all the Australasian interests of ICI Plc.

In July 1997, ICI Australia became an independent Australasian company after its parent company, ICI Plc, divested its 62.4 per cent shareholding in the company. As a result of the selldown ICI Australia was required to change its name and on 2 February 1998 became known as Orica.

In 2010, Orica successfully demerged Dulux Group leaving the company to focused on the provision of services to the mining, construction and infrastructure industries.

In November 2014, Orica Limited announced the sale of its Chemicals business to the Blackstone Group. As announced to the ASX on 2 March 2015, this transaction has now been completed, and the Chemicals business has also announced that it will be trading under the name 'Ixom

My practice in the company Orica


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