Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

The Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with more than 155.3 million items on approximately 838 miles of bookshelves. The collections include more than 35 million books and other print materials, 3.4 million recordings, 13.6 million photographs, 5.4 million maps, 6.5 million pieces of sheet music...



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кафедра теорії та практики перекладу


з англійської мови №3

варіант 1

Виконав: студент групи _______



Викладач ___________________



Варіант 1

  1.  Прочитайте та перекладіть текст. Зробіть резюме даного тексту та будьте готові відповідати на питання за текстом.


The Library was founded in 1800, making it the oldest federal cultural institution inthe nation. On August 24, 1814, British troops burned the Capitol building (where the Library was housed) and destroyed the Library's core collection of 3,000 volumes. On January 30, 1815, Congress approved the purchase of Thomas Jefferson’s personal library of 6,487 books for $23,950.

The Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with more than 155.3 million items on approximately 838 miles of bookshelves. The collections include more than 35 million books and other print materials, 3.4 million recordings, 13.6 million photographs, 5.4 million maps, 6.5 million pieces of sheet music and 68 million manuscripts.

The Library receives some 15,000 items each working day and adds approximately 11,000 items to the collections daily. The majority of the collections are received through the Copyright registration process, as the Library is home to the U.S. Copyright Office. Materials are also acquired through gift, purchase, other government agencies (state, local and federal), Cataloging in Publication (a pre-publication arrangement with publishers) and exchange with libraries in the United States and abroad. Items not selected for the collections or other internal purposes are used in the Library’s national and international exchange programs. Through these exchanges the Library acquires material that would not be available otherwise. The remaining items are made available to other federal agencies and are then available for donation to educational institutions, public bodies and nonprofit tax-exempt organizations in the United States.

Since 1962, the Library of Congress has maintained offices abroad to acquire, catalog and preserve library and research materials from countries where such materials are essentially unavailable through conventional acquisitions methods. Overseas offices in New Delhi (India), Cairo (Egypt), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Jakarta (Indonesia), Nairobi (Kenya) and Islamabad (Pakistan) collectively acquire materials from more than 60 countries and acquire materials on behalf of United States libraries participating in the Cooperative Acquisitions Program. The Library is also collaborating with institutions around the globe to develop a World Digital Library.

Approximately half of the Library’s book and serial collections are in languages other than English. The collections contain materials in some 470 languages.

The Library’s African and Middle Eastern Division holds some 600,000 volumes in the non-Roman script languages of the region.

The Library's Asian Division collection holds some 2.8 million items, the largest assemblage of Chinese, Japanese and Korean materials outside of Asia, and one of the largest Tibetan collections in the world.

The Library holds the largest collection of Russian-language materials in the United States and the largest outside of Russia (more than 750,000 items). The Library’s Iberian, Latin American and Caribbean collections, comprising more than 10 million items (books, journals, newspapers, maps, manuscripts, photographs, posters, recordings, sheet music and other materials) are the largest and most complete in the world.

  1.  Виконайте наступні вправи:

 Use  Present Continuous Tense.

1. She (to read) magazines.

2. He (to work) hard at French.

3. Mr. White (not to give) a lecture.

4. He (to write) a letter to his brother.

5. I (to prepare) for test.  

6. They (to work) at this factory.

7. She (to sit) in an arm-chair and (to watch) TV.

8. I (to have) dinner with my friends.

9. Her brother (not to go) to school.

10. He (to stand) at the table.

Use  Present Continuous Tense.

1. Timothy (to feed) his dog.

2. Mr. Jones (to clean) his yard.

3. Nancy (to paint) her kitchen.

4. Our neighbours (to wash) their car.

5. I (to wash) my hair.

6. Who (to fix) your sink?

7. What she (to do) now? – She (to dance).

8. The children (to brush) their teeth.

9. What he (to do) at the moment? – He (to fix) his bicycle.

10. They (to have) a big dinner together.

Write positive and negative sentences in Future Simple tense. Make questions.

1. I (to do) morning exercises.
2. He (to work) at a factory.
3. She (to sleep) after dinner.
4. We (to work) part-time.
5. They (to drink) tea without sugar.
6. Mike (to be) a student.
7. Helen (to have) a car.
8. You (to be) a good friend.
9. You (to be) good friends.
10. It (to be) difficult to remember everything.

Put the verbs into the correct form. (Future Simple tense).

1. My working day (to begin) at six o'clock. 
2. I (to get) up, (to switch) on the TV and (to brush) my teeth. 
3. It (to take) me about twenty minutes.
4. I (to have) breakfast at seven o’clock. 
5. I (to leave) home at half past seven.
6. I (to take) a bus to the institute. 
7. It usually (to take) me about fifteen minutes to get there.
8. Classes (to begin) at eight. 
9. We (to have) four classes a day.
10. I (to have) lunch at about 2 o’clock. 

Complete the following sentences.

1. No other boy is as …as James. (tall / taller / tallest)

2. Milk is …than any other food. (nourishing / more nourishing / most nourishing)

3. Radium is one of the …metals. (valuable / more valuable / most valuable)

4. Few English poets were as …as Wordsworth. (great / greater / greatest)

5. Shimla is …than most other hill stations in India. (famous / more famous / most famous)

6. Gold is one of the …metals. (precious / more precious / most precious)

7. Solomon was …than any other king. (wise / wiser / wisest)

8. Few historians write as …as Macaulay. (well / better /best)

9. Very few books are as … as David Copperfield. (popular / more popular / most popular)

10. A train is …than a car. (fast / faster / fastest)

Complete the following sentences using the correct degree of the adjective given in the brackets.

1. My brother’s handwriting is … (bad) mine.

2. Health is …wealth. (important)

3. Blood is …water. (thick)

4. Everest is …peak in the world. (high)

5. This is …play I have ever heard on the radio. (interesting)

6. Susie is …of all the four sisters. (beautiful)

7. The planet Mars is …from the earth than the satellite Moon. (far)

8. The elephant is …animal in the world. (large)

9. An ocean is certainly … a sea. (big)

10. I am …in cricket than in football. (interested)

Use Future Simple or To Be Going To in the following sentences:

1    A: Have you finished your essay yet?

     B: No, but I'm sure I ..... (finish) it on time.

2    A: I have decided what to wear for the party.

     B: Really? What ..........(wear), then?

3    A: Why do you need hot soapy water?

     B: Because I..........    (wash) the car.

4    A: Did you post those letters?

     B: No, I forgot. I.........(post) them this afternoon.

5    A: Did you book a table at the restaurant?

     B: Yes, but I don't expect it...........(be) busy.

6    A: I'm hungry.

     B: Me too. I..........    (make) us something to eat.

7    A: What are you doing this weekend?

     B: Oh, I..........(probably/visit) my grandparents.

8    A: Look at that dog!

     B: Oh yes! It ............(swim) across the river.

9    A: Tony is nearly eighteen, isn't he?

     B: Yes. He ...............(work) for his father when he leaves school.

10    A: Are you going into town today?

       B: Yes. I...........(give) you a lift if you like.

Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Indefinite tense or use BE GOING TO form.

1. Did you remember to book seats? – Oh no, I forgot. I (telephone) for them now.

2. The fire has gone out! – So it has. I (go) and get some sticks.

3. He has just been taken to hospital with a broken leg. – I’m sorry to hear that. I (send) him some grapes.

4. I’ve hired a typewriter and I (learn) to type.

5. I see that you have a loom. You (do) some weaving?

6. I can’t understand this letter. – I (call) my son. He (translate) it for you.

7. You (buy) meat? – No, I (not eat) meat any more. I (eat) vegetables.

8. You’ve bought a lot of paint. You (redecorate) your kitchen?

9. Look what I’ve just bought at an auction! – What an extraordinary thing! Where you (put) it?

10. Why are you peeling that bit of garlic? – I (put) it in the stew.

11. What you (do) when you grow up? – I (be) an acrobat in a circus.

12. This dress is too long. What you (do) with it? – I (shorten) the skirt.

13. That tree makes the house very dark. – Very well, I (cut) it down.

For each sentence change the adjective into an adverb.

1. The ballerina moved around very _________ (graceful).

2. David _________ (easy) won the first race.

3. I don't know _________ (exact) how much money he makes.

4. I _________ (honest) don't know what John told his sister.

5. The singer of the band sang very _________ (bad) during the concert.

6. My friend Tom always speaks very _________ (loud).

7. You speak English very _________ (good).

8. These days I am so busy at work that I _________ (rare) have time to go out.

9. Sometimes I like to spend the day just lying in bed _________ (lazy).

10. The police officer made sure that she got home _________ (safe).

Fill in the correct ADVERB FORM (comparative or superlative) of the adjectives in brackets.

  1.  I speak English (fluent)  now than last year.
  2.  She greeted me (polite)  of all.
  3.  She smiled (happy)  than before.
  4.  This girl dances (graceful)  of all.
  5.  Could you write (clear) ?
  6.  Planes can fly (high)  than birds.
  7.  He had an accident last year. Now, he drives (careful)  than before.
  8.  Jim can run (fast)  than John.
  9.  Our team played (bad)  of all.
  10.  He worked (hard)  than ever before.

  1.  Підготуйте розмовні теми:

  •  My plans for the future
  •  What  am I going to do this summer
  •  My favourite book
  •  Why English is important for my future profession
  •  The country I would like to visit


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