Mass Media in the UK


Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

There are also numerous weekly, fortnightly and monthly ethnic minority publications being published by members of ethnic minorities e.g. Asians, Indians or people from the Caribbean. Newspaper reading is also part of the traditional British Sunday. National Sundays have a circulation of about 16 million copies (dailies of about 14 million).



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варіант 4

Виконав: студент групи _______



Викладач ___________________



Варіант 4

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Mass Media in the UK

 In Britain more national and regional newspapers are sold per head than in any other Western country, a fact which emphasises the important role of the press in forming public and political opinion.

 The regional or local press is, compared to the national dailies, less significant, except in Scotland and Wales, which still have a strong national identity. But complete information can only be obtained by reading both a national and a regional paper.

 There are also numerous weekly, fortnightly and monthly ethnic minority publications being published by members of ethnic minorities e.g. Asians, Indians or people from the Caribbean. Newspaper reading is also part of the traditional British Sunday. National Sundays have a circulation of about 16 million copies (dailies of about 14 million).

 The national newspapers, which are distributed throughout the country, are traditionally classified as either 'quality' papers or 'popular' papers. It is important to state that the striking difference between them reflects the gap between Britain's social classes.

 Populars are mass-circulation tabloids, which are cheaper in price and of lower standards. The so-called yellow-press is read by lower middle classes and working class people, and also by commuters. The format is the handy tabloid (which means small-sheet). There are words in bold face type, sensational headlines and illustration with (colour) photos to arouse the reader's attention. The tabloids, which are written in an emotional, colloquial and informal style, use everyday English.

 There is a sensational treatment of news with emphasis on 'human interests' stories and scandals; some of them are down-market in their use of sex to boost sales. Political reporting is superficial, articles are sometimes more openly tendentious.

  1.  Виконайте наступні вправи:

Use the Present Simple or Present Continuous instead of infinitives in brackets.

1. I (to write) a composition now.

2. I (not to drink) milk now.

3. I (to go) for a walk after dinner.

4. I (not to go) to the theatre every Sunday.

5. He (not to read) now.

6. He (to play) now.

7 He (to play) now?

8. My mother (to work) at a factory.

9. My aunt {not to work) at a shop.

10. You (to work) at an office?

11. My friend (to live) in St. Petersburg.

12. My cousin (not to live) in Miami.

13. The children (not to sleep) now.

14. The children (to play) in the yard every day.

15. They (not to go) to the stadium on Monday.

16. She (to read) in the evening.

17. She (not to read) in the morn­ing.

18. She (not to read) now.

19. Your father (to work) at this factory?

20. You (to play) chess now?

21. Look at the sky: the clouds (to move) slowly, the sun (to appear) from behind the clouds, it (to get) warmer.

22. How is your brother? - - He is not well yet, but his health (to improve) day after day. 23. Listen! Who (to play) the piano in the next room?

Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Continuous.

1. Mrs. Jones (sweep) the steps outside her house.

2. It’s a lovely day. The sun (shine) and the birds (sing).

3. Why Julia (not wear) her new shoes?

4. It (rain)? – Yes, it (rain) very hard. You can’t go out.

5. What you (read) now? – I (read) “Romeo and Juliet”.

6. Somebody (knock) at the door. Shall I answer it?

7. Why you (make) a cake? Someone (come) to tea?

8. Where is Tom? – He (lie) under his car.

9. Mother (rest) now. She always rests after lunch.

10. She (not work) at the moment, she (swim) in the swimming-pool.

11. They (watch) TV now? – No, they (sleep).

Make comparative and superlative forms of adjective

happy – ________________________________________________

clever – ________________________________________________

comfortable – ___________________________________________

interesting – ____________________________________________

bad – __________________________________________________

narrow – _______________________________________________

far – ___________________________________________________

Translate into English using degrees of comparatives of adjectives.

1. Він завжди приходить на роботу раніше, ніж вона.

2. Ганна — найвродливіша серед її подруг.

3. Наш будинок великий. Але ваш будинок більший, ніж наш.

4. Вчора погода була погана, сьогодні гірша, а завтра, можливо, буде ще гірша.

5. Оповідання, яке я прочитав учора, не таке довге, як оповідання, що ви читаєте зараз.

6. Я гадаю, що чим жаркіше літо, тим холодніша зима.

7. Ці яблука погані. Купи мені яблука кращі, ніж ти купував учора.

Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Indefinite tense or use BE GOING TO form.

1. Why have you set your alarm to go off at five-thirty? – Because I (get) up then. I have got a lot to do.

2. You look frozen. Sit down by the fire and I (make) you a cup of tea.

3. They’ve bought a rope and they (tow) the car to the garage.

4. I haven’t bought any cigarettes because I (give) up smoking.

5. I have tried to explain but she doesn’t understand English. – I (say) it to her in German: perhaps she’ll understand that.

6. I’ve come without any money. – Never mind, I (lend) you some. How much do you want?

7. They’ve hired a bulldozer. They (clear) away this rubble.

8. I’ve torn my dress. – I (mend) it for you.

9. I’ve bought some blue velvet and I (make) curtains for this room.

10. There’s the phone again. Take no notice. – You (not answer) it?

Use Future Simple or To Be Going To in the following sentences:


1.    A: Your shirt is dirty.

       B: Oh dear! I............(change) into another one.

2.    A: I hope we ............(not/arrive) late for the meeting.

       B: Don't worry. There's plenty of time.

3.    A:  I'm really thirsty after all that hard work.

       B: I............(make) some tea.

4.    A:  Did you give Steve his present?

       B: No. I ............(give) it to him tonight at dinner.

5.    A: Watch out! You...............    (bang) your head on the doorframe.

       B: Oh! I didn't realise it was so low.

Complete the following sentences using the correct degree of adjectives and adverbs given in the brackets.

1.    I like living in the country. It's a lot ...more peaceful… (peaceful) than the city

2.   I felt very  ill last week, but I'm slightly.......(good) now.

3.   I can't hear you. Could you speak a little..... (loud) please?    

4.   Steven is.....(tall) boy in the basketball team.

5.   This computer is very old. I need something ..... (modern).    

6.   The new library is far ..... (close) to my house than the old one.

7.   Jane's new haircut makes her look ..... (attractive).    

8.    This jacket was by far ....... (expensive) in the shop.

Fill in the words in brackets as adjective or adverb.

1. He  reads a book. (quick)

2. Mandy is a  girl. (pretty)

3. The class is  loud today. (terrible)

4. Max is a  singer. (good)

5. You can  open this tin. (easy)

6. It's a  day today. (terrible)

7. She sings the song . (good)

8. He is a  driver. (careful)

9. He drives the car . (careful)

    10. The dog barks . (loud)

Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Indefinite tense.

1. I (know) the result of our test paper in a week.

2. You (be) in Rome tonight.

3. You (have) time to help me tomorrow?

4. It (matter) if I don’t come home till morning?

5. You (be able) to drive after another five lessons.

6. I (remember) this day all my life.

7. Do you think that he (recognize) me?

8. He (lend) it to you if you ask him.

9. I hope I (find) it.

10. He (believe) whatever you tell him.

Turn the following sentences into Future Indefinite tense.

1. He plays soccer.

2. They don’t go to the theatre too often.

3. She told him to clean the room.

4. We managed to persuade him not to take up wrestling.

5. It rained all day.

6. I have read the book.

7. You study at the University of California.

8. He doesn’t prepare his homework properly.

9. I didn’t have a good breakfast, so I was hungry.

10. We repaired his old bicycle.

11. She swims perfectly.

12. They didn’t arrive in time for lunch.

13. We gave her a small teddy-bear for her eighth birthday.

14. I didn’t come to see them in the village.

15. That girl studies very hard and gets good marks for her knowledge.

  1.  Підготуйте розмовні теми:

  •  My plans for the future
  •  What  am I going to do this summer
  •  My favourite book
  •  Why English is important for my future profession
  •  The country I would like to visit


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