Marketing. Grammar Exercises

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Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

The price of sugar is going up 10 during the next year. What’s your opinion Sally Well we are not the price leaders in the field and jam is a very price sensitive item. Sally What do you mean Don Well because of the price rise in sugar we know that the price of jam will go up too.



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Lesson 10


Marketing includes all the business activities connected with the movement of goods and services from producers to consumers. Sometimes it is called distribution. On the one hand, marketing is made up of such activities as transporting, storing and selling goods and, on the other hand, a series of decisions you make during the process of moving goods from producer to user. Marketing operations include product planning, buying, storage, pricing, promotion, selling, credit, traffic and marketing research.

The ability to recognize early trends is very important. Producers must know why, where, for what purpose the consumers buy. Market research helps the producer to predict what people will want. And through advertising he attempts to influence the customer to buy.

Marketing operations are very expensive. They take up more than half of the consumer's dollar. The trend in the USA has been to high mass consumption. The construction of good shopping centres has made goods available to consumers. It provided a wide range of merchandise and plenty of parking facilities.

Active Vocabulary



consumer, user



сбыт, распределение


продажа, сбыт, маркетинг




складирование, хранение


хранение, хранилище, склад

product planning

разработка новых продуктов


калькуляции цен


содействие в продаже товара, например, с помощью рекламы



market research

изучение рынка сбыта


тенденция, общее направление

to predict


to influence


Comprehension Questions

  1.  What does marketing mean?
  2.  What activities does marketing consist of?
  3.  What do marketing operations include?
  4.  Why is it so important for a producer to predict trends?
  5.  How was mass consumption possible in the USA?

Vocabulary Practice

Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence.

1. One of the aims of market research is to indicate new ... among people.

  1.  predict

2. Advertising must ... the consumer and make him buy the goods produced.

  1.  influence

3. Often marketing is called ... .

  1.  promote

4. In order to sell a new product, a producer has to consider how to ... it.

  1.  marketing

5. The goods of this company are not sold very well, they must think about ... .

  1.  trends

6. Sometimes it is difficult to influence a ... through advertising.

  1.  distribution

7. If you want to produce something new, you should start with ... .

  1.  market research

8. A producer wants to... new trends and then tries to influence them.

  1.  product planning

9. ... includes product development and pricing among other things.

  1.  consumer


Sally and Don work in the Marketing Department of a company that makes different meal products.


Hey, Sally, look at these figures. The price of sugar is going up 10% during the next year.


Oh, that's bad. That means trouble for our jam line.


I think so too. Sugar is the main ingredient, you know. What's your opinion?


Well, we are not the price leaders in the field and jam is a very price sensitive item. According to our marketing research information consumers aren't particularly brand loyal about jam.


I have a brilliant idea. You know, this could be a great marketing opportunity for us.


What do you mean?


Well, because of the price rise in sugar we know that the price of jam will go up too. The increase will pass on the consumer, won't it?




Imagine we find the possibility of changing the ingredients in the jam so that we wouldn't have to raise the price.


Then we wouldn't trouble about the price rise on sugar because we'll be able to sell the jam at the same price. The idea is that we could market less expensive jam. What a promotional campaign we could have!


Sure. If we do it right we'll sell more and become the leader in the market.


Now the first thing is to talk to Research and Development.


Right and we'll see when they'll have some samples of new formulas ready.


What about market research? I think we should schedule some tests for responses to the R & D samples


Well, there is a lot to do. I think we should also change packaging. Now, Sally, that would be great.


Oh, Don, let's hope for the best. If we don't lose the chance, the competitors' products will stay on the supermarket shelves


Oh, it's time for lunch. Let's discuss our business in cafeteria.


Oh, sure, we've got a lot to discuss – distribution, advertising...

Active Vocabulary

to go up

расти (о цене)

to raise the price

поднимать цену

price leader

производитель, устанавливающий самую низкую цену на определенный товар

price sensitive item

товар, уровень продажи которого очень зависит от цены

to be brand loyal about

отдавать предпочтение определённой торговой марке

promotional campaign

рекламная кaмпания

to market


to schedule

разрабатывать план





Vocabulary Practice

Choose the necessary word and put it in the sentence.

  1.  If the price on this product ..., nobody will buy it.
  1.  go up
  1.  They should ... some tests and pass the results to R & D.
  1.  schedule
  1.  This company is the ... in this field, they can sell this product at the lowest price.
  1.  packaging
  1.  Customers do care about the price on this product, it is a very ... .
  1.  competitor
  1.  ... influences the desire of a customer to buy.
  1.  price leader
  1.  Our … has become the price leader in selling computer programmes.
  1.  price sensitive item

Exercise 1. Answer the questions.

  1.  Who is the price leader in your business?
    1.  How can you become a price leader? What should you do for this?
    2.  How should one start a promotional campaign?
    3.  Why is it dangerous to produce price sensitive goods?
    4.  Why is it important to have competitors in business?
    5.  What should you do to leave your competitors behind?
    6.  What knowledge must you have to be good at marketing?

Grammar Exercises

Exercise 1. Transform the sentences of real condition into the sentences of unreal condition.

Mоdel: If we promote this right, we will (we'll) get more sales.

a) If we promoted this right, we would get more sales.

b) If we had promoted this right, we would have got more sales.

  1.  If we are careful we will leave behind our competitors.
  2.  If we phone R & D, we will get the necessary information.
  3.  If we change the ingredients, we will be ready for the price rise.
  4.  If the price of jam goes up, the increase will pass on the consumer.
  5.  If they work hard, they won't lose any customers.
  6.  If we schedule the product development in time we will be ready for the change of the demand.
  7.  If we don't lose the chance, the competitors' products will stay on the supermarket shelves.

Exercise2. Make transformations according to the model.

Model: Consumers wish prices would go down.

Consumers hope that prices will go down.

I wish I could work harder.

I hope I can work harder.

  1.  The head of the department wishes that competition would lessen.
  2.  The Market Research Department wishes the test results would be ready soon.
  3.  The Manager wishes that sales would improve.
  4.  We wish all the departments could fulfill their tasks.
  5.  Sally wishes that the Packaging Department could hurry up.

Translate into English.

  1.  Маркетинг включает в себя действия, связанные с движением товара от производителя к потребителю.
  2.  Маркетинг включает в себя транспортировку, хранение, рекламу, калькуляцию цен, продажу.
  3.  Изучение рынка помогает предсказывать общие направления спроса.
  4.  Реклама оказывает сильное влияние на покупателя.
  5.  Мы не можем устанавливать самую низкую цену на этот товар.
  6.  Мы должны разработать план производства новых продуктов.
  7.  Этот товар очень реагирует на изменение цены.


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