94709

Практикум по формированию навыков чтения и устной речи для студентов I - II курсов неязыковых факультетов

Книга

Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

live in Perm. Perm is an old, big and green city. It is situated on the Kama-river in Ural. I live in a flat with my parents. Though our flat is not very large I have my own room. But I’m not the only child in the family. I have a sister. Katya is younger than me, she is a schoolgirl. So, there are 4 of us: my father, my mother, my sister and me.

Английский

2015-09-16

1.53 MB

1 чел.

Российская Федерация

Министерство общего и профессионального образования

ТЮМЕНСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ

Кафедра иностранных языков

естественнонаучных факультетов

И.Д. Латфуллина, Л.В. Мельникова

Практикум по формированию навыков чтения

и устной речи  для студентов

I - II курсов неязыковых факультетов.

Часть I

Издательство Тюменского государственного университета, 1998

Латфуллина И.Д., Мельникова Л.В. Практикум по формированию навыков чтения и устной речи для студентов I - II курсов неязыковых факультетов. Часть I.

Тюмень: Издательство ТюмГУ, 1998

Практикум включает тексты, диалоги, игры и упражнения для чтения и развития навыков разговорной речи студентов неязыковых факультетов университета Представленный материал включен в 3 раздела: "Personal Background", Flat, Routine Activities".

Овладение имеющимся в практикуме языковым материалом и последовательное выполнение представленных заданий позволяет студентам осуществлять языковое общение в вариативных и наиболее типичных ситуациях общения в повседневной жизни.

Дополнительные тексты предназначены для развития навыков просмотрового чтения, расширения репродуктивного словарного минимума и получения дополнительной информации по теме.

Печатается по решению кафедры иностранных языков естественнонаучных факультетов

Рецензент: Фомина Е.В., старший преподаватель ТГУ.

Издательство Тюменского государственного университета, 1998

UNIT I              PERSONAL BACKGROUND

Grammar:    Simple Tenses. Personal Pronouns.

                     Possessive Pronouns. Types of Questions.

                             Modal Verb - Can.

1.1         Victor Writes to His American Girlfriend.

                                             Orlov  Victor

Flat 7,16 Kama's Street,

                                                                Perm, Russia.

Dear Julia,

Thank you very much indeed for your letter and photo. You are a very nice girl. You see that you are my first  American pen - friend and I'm glad to know that you are o'k and enjoying your life.

My name is Victor Orlov. Do you see on the photo a tall, grey-eyed boy in a blue shirt? It's me. Another boy is my groupmate. In your letter you ask me to tell you about myself. With pleasure.

I was born in 1978. My native place is Volgograd, it's in the South of Russia. I'm 19. Now I live in Perm. Perm is an old, big and green city. It is situated on the Kama-river in Ural. I live in a flat with my parents. Though our flat is not very large I have my own room. But I'm not the only child in the family. I have a sister. Katya is younger than me, she is a schoolgirl. So, there are 4 of us: my father, my mother, my sister and me. I'm like my mother more. Both my parents are geologists. They often talk about their job and can discuss any problem. But it's not their only interest. All my family go in for sports. My sister is a good runner, I prefer football and swimming. When winter comes we   usually go to ski out of town. The Ural mountains are a beautiful place for skiing. Certainly, I'm interested in some other things, for example, music, photo. And what about you? What's your hobby? I'm sure that you are a very interesting person.

Last year I finished school and entered the University in Perm. So, I'm a first-year student of Physics Faculty. I'd like to be a radiophysicist and naturally to be an educated man. In any way, I'm sure I have many opportunities to become an independent person, but now I'm only the beginner. Frankly speaking, my new students' life gives me much pleasure. And you? Can you tell me about your studies in college? I wonder how you are getting on? What are your plans for the future?

Hoping to hear from you soon.

                          Best wishes,

  1.  Orlov.

1.2   Read the following words. Mind reading rules.

Letter, much, first, life, to live, nice, to enjoy, group, mate, native, green, about, pleasure, parents, though, flat, own, both, how, speciality, interest, weekend, now, to talk, often, photo, country, to enter, naturally, future, college, to study, to hope, to hear, regard, opportunity.

1.3     Memorise the following word-combinations and compose   your own phrases.

To be glad                                                 to enjoy the life

to be well; to be o'k; to be all right.            with pleasure

to be born in ... .                                        to be situated in ...

native place                                               to be single

to be interested in; to have hobby             frankly speaking

to enter the University                                     to study at the faculty.

1.4    Match the verbs (A) with  the nouns (B).

    A                                                          B

enjoy, live, prefer, become, have, finish, be, enter, discuss

an opportunity, a teacher of biology,

a chemist, school, in a house, the life,

the problem, tennis, the University

1.5    Match the adjectives (A ) with the nouns (B).

                  A                                                         B

beautiful, interesting, good, native, educated, independent, old, nice

example, swimmer, place, man, job, town, girl, person

1.6     Fill the gaps with prepositions (at / in / on).

1. I live ... 22 Fairview Road, Penn.  2. My father lives ... a small house ...  North London. 3. My girlfriend's flat is ... the seventh floor. 4. Do you live ... a house or a flat? 5. "Where is the toilet, please?" "... the second floor." 6. "Is there a doctor near here?" "Yes, ... 37 High Street". 7. I lived ... America many years ago.

1.7   Open the brackets and put the verbs into correct form.

My groupmate's name (to be) Alex. He (to be) born in 1970 in Petersburg. He (to finish) school in 1988 and then he (to enter) the institute. Now he (to be) a fifth-year student and (to work) some days in a week. Nick (to want) to be an engineer. He (to be) married. He (to have) his own family. They (to be) 3: his wife, his little son and he. They (to live) in a small flat and they (to be) very happy.

1.8    Change the underlined words using possessive pronouns.

Her husband's birthday is on March. My parents' house is in the suburbs of Omsk. Their children's teacher is German. Our cousin's phone number is 936 73 18. Your wife's nephews are from Warsaw. His son's toys are in the box under the table.

1.9     Fill in the gaps using suitable words.

My best .... is  Charles. Charles .... 19. He isn't .... son in the family he's ... a sister. Martha is ... than Charles, she is only 13. They ... very different. Charles is ... his ... more & Martha ... the exact copy ...  her father. Two ... ago Charles ... school (the same Martha ... now) and ... the University ... Cambridge. ... he lives in another ... he ... his parents very ... almost ... month. Martha ... always glad ... him. Martha is interested in ... . She ... a rich collection ...notebooks and ... the piano very... . Charles is also fond ... music. But he ... jazz.

1.10    Answer the questions:

  1.  What is your name?  2. When were you born? 3. How old are you?  4. What country are you from? 5.What is your native place (town, city, village)? Where is it situated? 6. Where do you live now?  7. Do you live in a flat or a house? 8. Have you got your own room? 9. Do you live with your parents? 10. Have you a family?  11. How many members has your family? 12. Whom are you like more? 13. What's your mother? What's the profession/speciality of your father?  14. Are you the only child in the family? 15. Have you got a brother or a sister?  16. Is your brother/sister older or younger than you? 17. What is he/she? 18. When did you finish your school? 19. When did you enter the University? 20. What faculty do you study at? 21. What is your future profession?  22. Do you want to be an educated man?
  2.  Complete the dialogues in English.

Dialogue 1

- Your name is Mary Bright, isn't it?

- Нет, меня зовут Анна Блэк. Я  машинистка. Живу и работаю в   Вашингтоне. А вас как зовут?

- My name is John Miller. I am an architect. I live and work in  Boston.   Are you married, Ann?

- Нет, я еще не замужем. Мне 19 лет. Я живу с родителями. Мой   отец художник, а мать - домохозяйка. А вы женаты?

- Yes, I am. I have a wife and two sons. My wife is a sociologist, my   sons go to school.

- У вас есть родители?

- Да. Они живут в Германии. Отец работает в офисе, а мать -  домохозяйка.

- What is her name?

- Her name is Emily Snow. She is sixty years old. She loves me very much.

- Вы часто навещаете своих родителей?

- Нет. Один или два раза в год. Это очень плохо, не так ли?

- I fully agree with you.


Dialogue
2     

- Я знаю, что у вас три сестры. Где они живут?

-  My elder sister Carolina lives in Detroit. My younger sister Virginia  lives and works in New York. Lucy lives with our parents in Los Angeles.

- У меня тоже есть сестры. Но одна из них живет в Европе, а  другая в Австралии. Я  очень редко их вижу.

- It's a pity you seldom see them. It makes you unhappy. Am I right?

- Конечно. Мне бы хотелось видеться с ними чаще.

- Don't you want to go to Australia?

- Очень хочу. У меня много работы, и я не могу себе это позволить. (I can't afford it).

1.12   Read the dialogues. Introduce your new groupmate to your sister/mother/cousins.

- Let me introduce myself to you. I am George Wiler.

- How do you do, Mr. Wiler! My name is John Bush.

- How do you do, Mr. Bush!  I am a teacher of biology. What is your   trade?

- I am an agronomist from California.

- Pleased to know you, Mr. Bush.

- Glad to get acquainted with you, Mr. Wiler.

- Allow me to introduce Benjamin Larke to you, Mr. Flake.

- How do you do, Mr. Flake! Glad to meet you.

- How do you do, Mr. Larke! Pleased to know you. How do you like our  city?

- I like it very much, though I haven't seen much of it.

- I can help you. We'll make a car tour of the city one of the  days.

- It will be great!

- Alice, is the name of William Porter familiar to you?

- I don't think so.

- I want to introduce him to you. He is very clever, well educated and   has good manners. William, this is my sister Alice. Alice, meet   William   Porter.

- Hi, Alice!

- Hi, William! How are you?

- Never felt better in my life. Thanks. How are you?

- Fine, thank you.

- Mr. Medison, this is Mr. Judson.

- We've met before, haven't we?

- Sure. We played a game of tennis the other day.

- And you won the game.

- That's right.

1.13   Look through the dialogue. Tell about George Scott & Peter Brook.    

- Your name is George Scott, isn't it?

- Yes, it is. I am an electronic engineer. I live and work in  New-York.   And what's your name?

- My name is Peter Brook. I am an editor. I live and work in San- Francisco.

- You are married, aren't you?

- Oh, yes. I am married and I've got two daughters.

- What a coincidence! I've got two daughters, too: Helen and Mary.   What are your daughters' names?

- They are Susan and Jane. Susan is ten years old and Jane is eight. They both go to a private school. Do your daughters go to school?

- Not yet. Helen is five years old and Mary is three.

- They are at home, aren't  they?

- Sure. My wife Joan doesn't work now. She runs the house and looks   after the children. Emily is the name of my wife. She is a designer. She   adores her trade and dreams of going to her office again. But she   can't for  the time being.

- It's only natural. Nowadays very few women are satisfied with being   housewives.  My wife, whose name is Nancy, is a teacher of Russian.   She works at a college.

- Do you have any brothers or sisters?

- Unfortunately not. I am the only child in the family. I've got a      cousin   who lives in Chicago. We are on friendly terms.

-  I have got a sister. She is much younger than I am. She lives  with our parents in Los Angeles. I've seen very little of her of late.

- Los Angeles is a beautiful city. My aunt lives there and I visit   her from time to time.        

-  It's a long time since I went to Los Angeles.         

- Too bad!


1.14     Student  A    
Get to know something about Student B by asking him/her questions and filling in the following form. (Student B will also ask you questions.)

 Name:..................................................... ..      Age................................. .

 Country of origin:  ....................................       Nationality ........................

 Home town/village:....................................................................................

 Number of people in family.....................................................................

 Mother  Father    Number of brothers   Number of sisters    Anyone else  

                         ................... ...........    ............................     ....................

 Father's occupation:  ...............................................................................

 Mother's  occupation ................................................................................

 Still at school   Yes/No                             Left school: ............... ....(year)

 (If Student  B  has left school):

 Present job:.........................................................................................  or

 College/University:............................................................................

 Length of time spent studying English:  .......................... ......years

 Interests:  ........................................................................................

 Favourite colour:  ...................................................................................

 Foreign countries visited:  ........................................................................

 Main ambition: ..........................................................................................

Before starting, work out which questions to ask. For example:

   What's your name?

   Where do you come from?

   Have you got any brothers?

   What's your father's job?     

   How long have you been studying English?

Student B    Get to know something about Student A by asking him/her questions and filling in the following form. (Student A will also ask you questions.)

Name:...............................................................Date of birth ....................

Place of birth:   Town:  ....................................   Country:  ........................

Nationality: ...............................................................................................

Home town/village:   .................................................................................

Number of people in family:  ....................................................................

Mother  Father   Number of brothers    Number of sisters   Anyone else

                     .............................     ............................       .................

Father's name: ........................................... ...   Age: ..............................

Mother's name: .............................................    Age:  ..............................

Still  at school         Yes/No                              Left school: ..........  (year)   

(If Student A has left school):

Present job:  .......................................................................................or College/University:   .................................................................................

 Started learning English:  ......................................  (year)

Interests:  .................................................................................................

Favourite pop singer:................................................................................

Languages spoken (apart from English): .................................................

Main ambition:  ..................................................................................

Before starting, work out which questions to ask. For example:

What's your name?

When were you born?

Where were you born?

Have you got any sisters?

When did you start  learning English?


1.15                          FOUR  PEOPLE

Student  A  Work with a partner. Ask and answer questions to fill in the missing information about the following four people.

Name

 Philippa

     Kurt

    Maria

    Jack

Date of birth

1 June 1944

31April 1975

Country of

origin

Portugal

New Zealand

Married or

single

single

married

Number of

children

none

2 boys,

1 girl

Home town

Berlin

Wellington

Present job

actress

policeman

Interests or

hobbies

music

gardening

horse riding

playing rugby

Dislikes

cold weather

doing the

washing-up

people who

snore

writing letters

Main

ambition

to win an Oscar

to visit

Europe

Before you start, work out what questions to ask, e.g.

    What is Philippa's date of birth?     What is Kurt's present job?

    Where does Maria live?      What two things does Jack dislike?

    etc.

When you have finished, compare your tables.

Student  B   Work with a partner. Ask and answer questions to fill in the missing information about the following four people.

Name

  Philippa

    Kurt

     Maria

    Jack

Date of birth

18 February 1970

12 August 1958

Country of

origin

Wales

Germany

Married or

single

married

married

Number of

children

1 boy

2 girls

Home town

Swansea

Oporto

Present job

journalist

teacher

Interests or

hobbies

learning

languages

painting

playing tennis

playing golf

Dislikes

ironing

people who

smoke

getting up

early

going to the

dentist

Main

ambition

to write

a novel

to travel to

America

Before you start, work out what questions  to ask, e.g.        

     Is Philippa married or single?

     What is one of Kurt's interests or hobbies?

     What two things does Maria dislike?

     What is Jack's job?   

     etc.    

When you have finished, compare your tables.

1.16                                 A  FAMILY  TREE

Here is a drawing of a family tree. Student A also has a drawing of a family  tree but it is not exactly the same as yours. (There are  seven differences.)  By asking Student A questions, see if you can find the differences. Put a  circle around anything that is different. Before you start, work out the sort  of questions to ask. For example:

 Who is Mary married to?

 What does Samantha do?

 How many children have

Brian and Ann got?

 How old is Alice

OR        Is Mary's husband called Paul?

OR        Is Samantha a hairdresser?

OR        Have Brian and Ann got one

     child?

OR        Is Alice seventy-two?

When you are both ready, take it in turns to ask and answer questions.

When you have finished, compare the family trees.

Jones

Bob (retired 75) and Alice (retired 72)

 

             Wilson                                                                  Jones

      Brian        Ann                                                       Paul       Mary

a journalist   a housewife                  Smith              a teacher    a doctor

     47                  40              Charles    Jennifer         50              46

                                      an electrician      a typist           

                                      48                 48

Samantha                                                              Joanna     Mark

a hairdresser                                                         a nurse     a student

      20           James         Pamela         Simon         24              17

                 bankclerk   a shop assistant   a student

                     25                  20                     15

Jones

Bob (retired 75) and Alice (an engineer 72)

 

             Hipkiss                                                                  Jones

      Brian        Ann                                                       Paul       Mary

a journalist   a housewife                  Smith              a teacher    a doctor

     47                  40            Peter            Jennifer         50              46

                                      an electrician      a typist           

                                      48                 48

Samantha                                                              Joanna     Mark

a hairdresser                                                         a doctor     a student

      20           James         Pamela         Simon         24              17

                 bankclerk   a shop assistant   a schoolboy

                     25                  20                     15

1.17    Diana is looking for an assistant. Read the advertisement.    Then read the interviews and complete the interview forms.

Microcomputer Centre

is looking for a Marketing Assistant for its London Office

                                      Can you type?

Can you use a computer?

                                      Can you drive?

                                      Can you speak a foreign language?

                                      Do you like travelling?

                     Then you could be the person we are looking for.

                     Write to: Ms Diana Pye (Marketing Manager),

14 Clerkenwell Green, London EC 1.

           

 Interview 1.

Diana:    Ah, Miss Susan Hayne, isn't it. How do you do?

             Please sit down.

Susan:   How do you do? Thank you.

Diana:    Now tell me, what do you do?

Susan:   I'm a secretary for a computer company in Croydon.

Diana:    So you can use a computer - and you can type?

Susan:   Yes, I can.

Diana:    What about foreign languages?

Susan:   Um, I can speak Spanish.

Diana:    Spanish - can you speak French?

Susan:   Not really - no.

Diana:    Not to worry - oh, can you drive?

Susan:   Yes, I can.

Diana:    Good ... and what are your interests?

Susan:   Well, I like cooking and sport ... and music and films.

Diana:    Cooking ... sport ... music ... films ... .

     Interview  2

Diana:      Could you spell your name, Mr Norton?

Michael:   Er, M-O-R-T-O-N. My first name is Michael.

Diana:      And you're a teacher, I see.

Michael:  Yes, that's right. But I like travelling, so I'm looking for a           new job.

Diana:      I see. Can you use a computer?

Michael:   Yes, I can.

Diana:      And can you type?

Michael:   Well, no - I can't type. But I can speak a lot of foreign lan-             guages -   French, Spanish, Italian and Japanese.

Diana:     Languages ... French ... Spanish ... Italian ... and Japanese.

Michael:   And I can drive.

Diana:     Oh, that's good. And what about your interests, apart from

               travelling?   

Michael:   I like swimming - and tennis and football.

Interview  3

Diana:  Miss Jean Wallace?

Jean:    Yes. You spell it I - S at the end, not A - C - E.

Diana:  Oh, thank you. My mistake. So that's W - A - double L-I - S?

Jean:    That's right.

Diana:  Well now, I see that you can type and use a computer.  What do you do?

Jean:    Er, I haven't got a job. I'm unemployed.

Diana:   Can you drive?

Jean:    Yes, I can.

Diana:   Good - and can you speak any languages?

Jean:     Yes - German and French.

Diana:   Excellent - now you say that you like the cinema and the theatre.

Jean:      Yes, and I like travelling - and meeting people.

Surname                           First name

                              Occupation

                              Skills

                              Languages

Who do you think Diana chooses for the job?

   What are their jobs?

Ex. 1     What do they do? Read the paragraphs and find out what these people do.

  1.  Patricia works in a ... .                      4.  Sheila is the ... of a ... .
  2.  Anthony ......   ........   .                      5.  Mike is a .......  .....  on the
  3.  Carol is a  ......  .                               6.  Colin works in a  .......  .

Sheila works in a language school, but she is not a teacher. She has an office where she writes a lot of letters. She talks to students and teachers and to quite a few business men. She's the most important person there.

Patricia reads a lot, both at work and after work. She talks to a lot of people about books. She takes money from people. She works from 9.00 to 5.30, with a break for lunch. She also works on Saturdays but the place where she works is closed on Sundays.

Mike likes pop music. He works in a studio. You hear him talking about the music he plays. You can ask him to play you some music. But you can't see him. You can only hear him.

Anthony works for a company called Window-light. He's got a small office and a company car. He meets a lot of new people every day, but not in his office. He talks to people and shows them pictures from his catalogue. He likes people with large houses best. Why?

Colin works in a very big room. People come in to bring books back and take out new ones. He often stands near the door where he checks the books and the cards. He also helps people find the books they want.

Carol's like a doctor, but she doesn't see people who are physically ill. She only helps people who have mental problems.

Ex. 2  Complete the table. Then practice some questions and answers  with your partner.

  Who

  which person

  who is it who

sells books/windows?

Works with people who are ill?

Works on the radio?

Writes a lot of letters?

Reads a lot?

Is a director?

Patricia .

Colin does.

.................

... does

Sheila is.

..................

....................

... and ... do.

Ex. 3    How many questions?

  Sue Alto is an English teacher at the Big Ben School of Languages in Sargasso.

How many questions can you make from this sentence? (Questions that can be answered from the sentence). Complete these questions then make some more. Practice asking and answering them with a partner.

...  is Sue's surname?               ...  is the name of the school?

...  does Sue work?                   ...  is her first name?

...  is the school?    

UNIT II                                 F L A T

Grammar: There is (are)     something     somewhere.

+   Some

 ?    any

 -    not any = no

2.1                              The Nechaev's Flat

The Nechaevs live a 10-storied block of flats in Leninskii Avenue. It is just across from the State Oil and Gas Academy. There are many business centres, offices, banks, shops and supermarkets nearby. All that makes this place lively and crowded with people. But there is also an advantage of living here as it doesn't take you much time to do every-day shopping.

The Nechaevs have a three-room flat with all modern conveniences: central heating, hot and cold running water, telephone, electricity and gas. The flat is on the 9-th floor so the view's terrific - a great part of the capital is under your feet. There is an elevator in the building and TV antenna on the roof.

The flat is rather big. There is an entrance hall, a kitchen, a bathroom, a toilet, a sitting-room, a bed-room and Volodya's room flat. The mother is very proud of the kitchen. It's repaired, well-equipped and nicely furnished. There is a modem Italian kitchen unit in the kitchen. It includes a gas-stove, a washing-machine, a refrigerator, a dishwasher  and a microwave oven. The Nechaevs consider it the cosiest place in the flat. They often gather in it together to have a cup of coffee and discuss what has happened in everybody's life.

The sitting-room is large and light. It has everything for a good rest in the day-time. There is a colour TV-set, a video cassette recorder and a piano in it. There is a wall-unit, a sofa, 2 comfortable arm-chairs, a table with 4 chairs round it and a lamp-stand in the corner. The floor is covered with a nice thick carpet. The curtains on the window match the walls, the carpet and the furniture.

Volodya's room is the smallest one in the flat. There is a wardrobe, a sofa-bed, an old grandmother's armchair, a chair, a desk and book-shelves with lots of interesting books on them. There is a modern computer with Pentium processor, CD-ROM Drive, Sound Blaster and a microphone on the desk. In the comer of the room there is a small table with a tape-recorder on it.

The bedroom has 2 beds, a wardrobe, 2 night tables, 2 padded stools and a three-leaved mirror.

Vocabulary:

a 10-storied block of flats - 10-этажный жилой дом

just across from ... - как раз напротив ...

an advantage - преимущество

an entrance hall - прихожая

a kitchen-unit - кухонный гарнитур

a dishwasher - посудомоечная машина

a wall-unit - мебельная стенка

Pentium processor - процессор Pentium

Sound Blaster - звуковая карта (устройства для записи и воспроизведения звуковой информации)

a night-table - тумбочка

a padded-stool - пуфик

a three-leaved mirror - трельяж

2.2  Read the word correctly & mind the stress.

'lively, 'crowded, 'heating, inc'lude, de'sign, 'nearby, ad'vantage, con'venience, view, proud, re'pair, 'furnish, 'furniture, microwave, micro'phone, 'cosy, e'quip, 'cover, 'curtain, 'wardrobe, 'oven, ele'vator.

2.3  Memorize the following word-combination and compose your  own sentences.

  1.  a three-room flat                       5. to be well-equipped
  2.  to do every-day shopping         6. to be nicely-designed
  3.  to be proud of                           7. to be nicely-furnished
  4.  to be repaired                           8. to be satisfied with.

2.4 Translate the prepositions in brackets.

1. The cat is ... (под) ... the table. 2. There is a tree ... (перед) ... the house. 3. My house is ... (напротив) ... a shop. 4. She is standing ... (рядом) the piano. 5. His name is ... (на) ... the door. 6. The town hall is ... (на) ... the station. 7. The switch is ... (под) ... the window.

8. The cupboard is ... (над) ... the sink. 9. There are some shoes ... (под) ... the bed. 10. In Britain we drive ... (по) ... the left.

2.5   Nine people live in a block of flats.

Look at the scheme and complete the sentences with

on / next   to / between, above / below.

    Steve          Mary          Bill

    Tony           Chris          Paul

    Janet          Sandra       Joe

Example: Chris lives between Tony & Paul.

  1.  Joe lives ... the ground floor.  2. Mary lives ... Steve & Bill.

3. Paul I lives ... the first floor ... Chris. 4. Tony lives ... Janet. 5. Chris lives ... Sandra & ... Mary. 6. Joe lives ... Paul.

2.6    Disagree with the statements starting with "I'm afraid    you      are wrong ... ."

1. There's something strange here. 2. There are some cosy arm-chairs in the kitchen. 3. There's somebody in the sitting room. 4. There are some new buildings in this district.

  1.    Answer the following questions.

      1. Where do the Nechaevs live? Where do you live? 2. What are the advantages and drawbacks of living there?   Are you satisfied with the district you live? 3. What kind of flat do they have? How many rooms are there in your flat? 4. Do you have a flat with all modern conveniences? 5. What floor is the Nechaevs' flat on? What floor is your flat on? 6. Is there an elevator in their building?   And what about your house? 7. What's there in the Nechaevs' kitchen (sitting room, Volo dya's room)? How is your flat furnished. 8.What's the cosiest place in the Nechaevs' flat?  And what's the cosiest place in your flat?

2.8         Make up a story about your flat.

Use the following scheme:

                                             Flat       

 district                              building                    the inside

                                                design                       modern

 advantages                                                              conveniences

 and shortcomings                    number of

                                                stories                      floor

                                                elevator,                   rooms

                                                etc.

                                                                                furniture and

                                                                                equipment

                                                                                the cosiest

                                                                                 place

2.9      Put in    there   or   it.

  1.  ... There's ... a train at 10.30. ... . It's a fast train.
  2.  I'm not going to buy this shirt. ..........'s very expensive.
  3.  "What's wrong?" ..........'s something in my eye."
  4.  ..........'s a car in front of the house. Is .......... your car?
  5.  "Is .......... anything on TV?" "Yes, ..........'s a film at 8.15."
  6.  ..........'s a letter on the floor. Is .......... for you?

2.10     Read the information and write about the flats.

Janet lives in a small flat and Sandra lives in a big flat.


              
Janet's flat

             Sandra's flat

               two rooms:

                four rooms:

bed-sitting room/very small kitchen

living room/two bedrooms/big kitchen

and:

and:

small bathroom with a shower and a toilet

bathroom/separate toilet

in the kitchen:

in the kitchen:

small fridge microwave stove

big fridge/dishwasher

in the bed-sitting room:

in the living room:

colour TV

colour TV

Write about Sandra's a flat by completing the following description:

There .......... four .......... in Sandra's flat: a living room, two .......... and a big .......... . .......... is .......... bathroom too, and a separate .......... . In the kitchen .......... .......... a big .......... and a dishwasher. .......... ........... ............ colour .......... in the .......... .......... .

Now write about Janet's flat.

2.11   Read the letter.

                         Tucson, 5-th May

      Dear Greta.

Well, here we are in Arizona. This is a picture of our motorhome! It's not very big but it's got a big bed over the driver's cabin for Sev and me, and two little beds in the sitting room for the children. The beds are our sofas during the day, and we've got a tiny dining space with a table and some chairs. There's a nice little kitchen with a stove and some cupboards, and we've even got some plants, over the sink. There isn't a bath, but we've got a good shower - and a toilet of course. It's almost like home! Now for Texas! See you in July.

Lots of love from                          Julie, Sev, Lucy, James.

What has the motorhome got? With a partner, make two lists under

these headings:      It's got                                It hasn't got

                            eg.   a shower                   eg.         a bath

Compare your lists with other students. Are motorhomes popular in your country? Are they good for long holidays? Are they                      good for two people or for a family?

2.12   Read the dialogue and tick the items that Bob's got.

Bob:

Nancy:

Bob:

Nancy:

Bob:

Nancy:

Bob:

Nancy:

Bob:

Nancy:

Bob:

Nancy:

Bob:

Nancy:

Bob:

Nancy:

Bob:

Yes, I've got a big house. But I need some furniture.

Haven't you got any furniture?

Well, there's a sofa and a TV in one of the sitting rooms ... but I haven't got any armchairs.

What about the dining room?

Oh, yes ... . I 've got some chairs. In fact, there are twelve chairs in the dining room.

And a table?

No, I haven't got a table.

No table! Where do you eat?

Well, I usually go to a restaurant.

Oh, Bob!

But you should see the kitchen - it's lovely. I've got a cooker, and a fridge - and a brand new sink!

Have you got a bath?

What! In the kitchen?

No, in the bathroom!

No, I haven't. But there's a shower in the large bathroom. And a washbasin. The toilet is next door.

And where do you sleep? On the floor?

Oh, no. I've got a bed. I'm not stupid!

table, armchair, fridge, TV, radio, toilet, chair, sofa, cooker, shower, washbasin, sink, bed, bath.
2.13             Missing information:
 flats and houses.

Student A    Ask Student B questions to find out the missing information about the house and the flat in the table below. (Student B also has missing information and will ask you questions.)

Before you start, work out which questions to ask. For example:

Where's (the house)? Is (the flat) big? Is (the house) modern? How many rooms are there in (the house)? What are they? Has (the house) got central heating? Is there anything else you can tell me about (the house)?

Flat

House

Street

King Street

Size

big                                 

quite big                        

small

big                                 

quite big                        

small                              

Condition

modern

quite modern

not very modern

modern

quite modern

not very modern

Number of rooms

three

downstairs

upstairs

List of rooms

a living-room

a kitchen

a bedroom

Central heating

Yes

Near the shops

No

Distance from

town centre

1 mile

Rent

f 200 a month

Any other

information

You share the toilet and

the bathroom.

On the first floor.

When you are ready, take it in turns to ask and answer questions. When you have finished, compare your tables.

Student B          Ask Student A questions to find out the missing information about the house and the flat in the table below. (Student A also has missing information and will ask you questions.)

Before you start, work out which questions to ask. For example:

Where's (the flat)? Is (the house) big? How many rooms are there in (the flat)? What are they? Has (the flat) got central heating? How much is the rent for (the house)?

Is there anything else you can tell me about (the flat)?

FLAT

HOUSE

Street

Park Road

Size

big

quite big

small

big

quite big

small

Condition

modern

quite modern

not very modern

modern

quite modern

not very modern

Number of rooms

downstairs

two

upstairs

three

List of rooms

a living-room

a kitchen

2 bedrooms

a bathroom/toilet

Central heating

No

Near the shops

Yes

Distance from

town centre

2 miles

Rent

f40 a week

Any other

information

Large garden.

Garage.

When you are ready, take it in turns to ask and answer questions. When you have finished, compare your tables.

2.14  Read the dialogues and make up your own ones according     to the situations below.

(Two wealthy English students are looking for lodgings.)

Dialogue 1

Student A:

Mrs. White:

Student:

Mrs. White:

Student B:

Mrs. White:

Student A:

Student B:

Mrs. White:

Student A:

Mrs. White:

Student A:

Student B:

Student A:

Mrs. White:

Good morning, Mrs. White. We should like to see the rooms you've got to let.

Oh, are you the students from University College? I've already had two students looking round this morning.

Oh, have the rooms gone?

No, they didn't say they'd take them. They really wanted a room with central heating.

Oh, we don't mind about that so long as there's a good electric or gas heater.

Well, you'd better come in and see the place.

Well, this is a big room.

It's quite nice. Do you provide bed linen?

Oh, yes! That's included in the rent, as well as the laundering.

What about the vacations?

Well, you have to pay a retaining fee if you go away. You could move in next week if you decide to take it. I like the rent monthly in advance.

I certainly like the look of this plase. What do you think?

It's much better than any of the other rooms we've seen and the rent is quite reasonable.

Yes. Ten pounds a week each isn't bad. Let's take it.

I hope you'll like the place.

Dialogue 2

-- I hear you have moved to a new apartment, Steve. Is it true?

-- Yes, it is. One of these days we'll arrange a housewarming party. And I want you and your wife Carol to be present.

-- Thank you for the invitation. How do you like your new apartment?

-- It is very comfortable. It is a three bedroom apartment with modern conveniences: electric stove and a lot of built-in cupboards.

-- On what floor is it?

-- Our apartment is on the tenth floor of a high-rise dwelling house. We've got two elevators which work round o'clock.

-- Is it far from the centre of the city?

--Rather. It takes me about an hour to get to the centre by bus and by metro. If I drive a car, it takes me thirty minutes.

-- I see. Have you bought new furniture?

-- We've bought wall units, two armchairs and a new icebox. We are planning to buy two carpets and a dining set.

-- Good luck!

-- Thanks. Are you going to move to a new apartment?

-- No, I am not. We have been living in our two-room apartment for about eight years and we don't want to move anywhere.

-- Your apartment is comfortable, isn't it?

-- Yes, very. My wife arranged everything very nicely and I like it very much. We don't have much furniture, but we have got everything we need.

-- I am glad to hear it.

Situations to discuss:

  1.  Imagine you are looking for lodgings in another town.
  2.  Imagine you have moved to a new flat and you are going to arrange a housewarming party.

2.15    A Candid Letter of a Medical Student to His Uncle.

Dear Uncle,

I'm glad to inform you that I live now in quite comfortable lodgings. My room is a bit small, rather dark and terribly cold, for my landlady requires extra pay for heating it. But I have to put up with it as I can't afford a better one.  I even find my room nice and cosy. Though, to tell the truth, I can't call it quiet. Some good - for - nothing, young people make an awful noise upstairs. Almost every evening they dance and sing and laugh at silly things. All of it greatly interferes with my studies.

I spend my days in reading for examination. I need lots of money to buy books. I hate to ask you to send me an extra sum of money. I think it a shame. I hate to trouble you I hope the postman will lose my letter.                                  

                                                 Your affectionate nephew    

                     Harry Jones


The Uncle's Answer

Dear Boy,

Don't worry! The postman has lost your letter.

                                  Your affectionate uncle, Thomas Jones

2.16     Help these people to find a proper lodging.

Situations:

  1.  Richard lives with his family. But soon he is going to marry Liz. They want to live separately.
  2.  Mrs Gilsbert is a widow. Her sons left England for their business in the USA & now she lives alone. So, its difficult for her to keep such a big house.
  3.  One more baby appeared in the Simpsons'. There are 4 of them now. The Simpsons, house became too small for them.
  4.  A family of 6 inherited f 500,000. It's possible now to move to a larger & more prestigious property.

Property

      Dixons. The Estate Agents. 79 Darlington Street.

             Wolverhampton. Tel. (01902) 310000.

NORDLEY

BRIDGNORTH  3 miles

Delightful Country Property of character in splendid order throughout and enjoying far reaching rural views. Cottage style yet spacious  interior with gas CH and DG. Hall, fitted cloakroom, beamed lounge with magnificent inglenook  and study area, fine square dining room, sitting room/sun lounge, quite exceptional fitted kitchen, 12ft plumbed utility, master bedroom with elegant en suite bathroom. Two further doubel bedrooms, luxurious house bathroom. Lovely gardens to three sides. Ample space garages, caravan etc.

f 225,ooo   

BUSHBURY, WOLVERHAMPTON

Hawkesford Crescent

Three Bedroom Semi-Detached Property

Benefiting from gas central heating and providing: Hall, lounge breakfast kitchen, plus shower, rear verandah. Parking and gardens to the front and rear.

Viewing via Agents (01902) 711211

f 24,950

PATTINGHAM

Character cottage with potential for further improvement standing in High Street location (conservation area). Hall, kitchen, 21ft lounge, ground floor bathroom, three double bedrooms, further bathroom, coachhouse, carport. Rayburn central heating, re-wired. Garden:

300ft x 38ft.

PRICE GUIDE: f 140,000

DETACHED IS HANDY FOR MOTORWAYS

The modern property stands well back from the road in Larchmere Drive, and is handily placed for both the M54 and M6 motorways.

Offers based on f89,995 are being invited for the freehold home through Wolverhampton estate agents Jackson Lile and Close.

The centrally heated property has a lounge with a brick fireplace, dining room, well equipped kitchen and a utility room.

Upstairs are three bedrooms, one with built-in wardrobes, and a bathroom with a shower.

The property has ample driveway parking  space and a garage.

In the lawned  back garden is a terrace, ornamental pond and well stocked borders.

Pendeford

TALATON CLOSE. Well presented throughout, this ground floor flat is well located for the amenities of Pendeford and comprises: Entrance hall, lounge with "Adams" style fireplace, bedroom with fitted wardrobe, bathroom. Off street parking and garden.

f 34,950

BLAKENHALL, Fowler Street

Well presented terraced home offering accommodation which teatures majority double glazing and includes: Living room, dining room, kitchen with a range of fitted base and wall cupboards, downstairs bathroom with shower, three first floor bedrooms. Outside can be found a small rear garden.

REDUCED TO f29,000 (F) Ref: V3175


UNIT III.               ROUTINE  ACTIVITIES

Grammar: Present Indefinite (Simple) of the verb "to have"

                Reflexive pronouns:

3.1         Victor Orlov's Working Day

Victor is not an early riser. It's quite a problem for him to get up in the morning. But the alarm-clock rings at 7 o'clock and there is nothing to be done as to start a new working day. When he was a schoolboy his grandma often said him, "The early birds catches the worm, don't forget it, sleepy." To wake up finally he switches his tape-recorder on with his favourite music and does his physical jerks. Then he goes into the bathroom, which is always taken by his sister when he needs it. ("What do these girls do there for so long time! At last ... it's really better to get up a little bit earlier ...") He takes a shower, shaves himself, cleans his teeth and brushes himself. It takes him about 10 minutes to do his bed and to dress himself. After that Victor goes to the kitchen to have breakfast. It may be a cup of tea or coffee and some sandwiches.

After his morning meals Victor leaves his house and goes to the University. Usually he goes there by bus or trolleybus. As he lives not far from the University it takes him about 15-20 minutes. Classes begin at 8 in the morning. Victor usually comes to the University a few minutes before the bell not to be late for the first  lesson. Each lesson lasts an hour and a half. There are 10 minute breaks between classes. Usually the students have 3 or 4 lectures or seminars. About 3 o'clock in the afternoon Victor's classes are over. If the weather is fine he goes home on foot as it's very pleasant to take a walk in the open air. But sometimes Victor doesn't leave University right after classes because of some out - of - class activities.

So he has dinner either at home or at the student's canteen. When at home he usually has something substantial for dinner, for example, cabbage soup for the first course, hot meat or fish with some vegetables for the second one and a glass of juice for dessert.

As a rule Victor has no spare time on his weekdays. He usually spends much time to do his homework. Sometimes he has to go to the library either to get ready for his practical classes and seminaries or to write a report. He often has to sit up to translate English articles from English into Russian scientific magazines to learn new information he needs on his subject.

Eight o'clock is supper time in the Orlov's family. They all get together in the kitchen to have their evening meal and to discuss different problems.

After that Victor prefers to do a little reading. If a book is very interesting he can read till late night. Sometimes he either watches TV or listens to the music. And every evening he does his best to find time for his computer. It is not untill midnight that he usually goes to bed. So by the end of the week Victor gets tired & needs a good rest.

Vocabulary:

quite a problem - настоящая проблема

an alarm-clock - будильник

spare time - свободное время

either ...  or ...  - или ... или ...

3.2    Read the words correctly. Mind the reading rules.

Early, quite, alarm-clock, jerk, shower, break, activity, substantial, spare, either, discuss, meal, tea, bathroom, usually, because, course, dessert, scientific, night, prefer, together.

3.3    Write third person singular.

      Divide the verbs into 3 groups according to the reading of  -s/es -  ([s], [z], [iz])

                         [s]           

               [z]       

         [iz]

                       takes

              says    

      catches  

get, do, go, take, shave, clean, brush, have, dress, leave, come, spend, read, write, try, watch, prefer, discuss.

3.4  Memorise the following word-combinations and compose your  own sentences.

  1.  to be an early riser                                8. to dress oneself
  2.  to do physical jerks                               9. to leave the house
  3.  to take a shower                                  10. to be over
  4.  to shave oneself                                  11. for the first course
  5.  to clean one's teeth                             12. to sit up
  6.  to brush oneself                                   13. to do little reading
  7.  to do one's bed                                    14. to get together

3.5      Compose the sentences using the pattern:

It takes           

me

an hour

to do morning exercises

him

half an hour

to listen to the latest news

her

twenty minutes

to get to the University

us

two hours

to get home by bus

you

five minutes

to have breakfast

them

an hour and a half

to prepare dinner

3.6  Ask questions & give negative answers using the phrases given below.

Example: How long does it take you to prepare your lessons?

               It does not take me long to prepare my lessons.

To wash and dress, to prepare morning meal, to do one's homework, to learn these words, to do physical jerks, to go home by bus, to walk home.

3.7   Give antonyms to the following words:

to stand up, to ask, to give, to leave, to open, to be over, to go to bed, to go by bus, to come home.

3.8     Read and translate the dialogue:

Week day at an Office

Nora:      Donald, you look so tired. You don't feel well, do you?

Donald:  It's not that. I am really tired. I need a rest.

Nora:     Take a holiday.

Donald:  I can't do it now. We've got a lot of work to do.

Nora:     Excuse my curiosity, what do you usually do at your office?

Donald:  You'd better ask me what I don't do at my office.

As soon as I come to my office I have to answer telephone calls, sign documents, participate in the talks, discuss the terms of the agreements, send letters and telegrams and do many other things.

Nora:      When do you start working in your office?

Donald:  We start at 9.00 a.m. This is expected to mean 9 o'clock,        not 10 past or half past nine. But some departments are on flexitime, which means that you can come to work between 7. 30 and 9 and leave between 3.30 and 5. We have two 15-minute coffee breaks.

Nora:      I see. I suppose, you've got a break for lunch.

Donald:  Sure. At 1 p.m. we've got a break for lunch which lasts  for an hour.

Nora:      Do people work very hard?

Donald: Well, some nations have a philosophy that you work               when the boss is around. And if he's not there, you can relax and do whatever you want.

Nora:      And  it's different here?

Donald:  You are paid for your time. Employees are expected to help  others if their own desks are clear. You never sit idle or do nothing. You owe your boss your time, since s/he's paying for it. Sometimes my boss even works through the lunch hour and takes work home at night.

Nora:      Do you sometimes go on business trips?

Donald:  Our employees go to various cities and towns in this country   and abroad.

Nora:      Have you been abroad?

Donald:  Yes, several times. I have already been to Canada, Australia and West Germany.

Nora:      Have you been to the USA?

Donald:  Not yet. I am planning to go there next year. And you, have you been to the USA?

Nora:    Yes, I returned from the USA last month. I spend a fortnight there and visited New York, Washington and Boston.

Donald:  It was a business trip?

Nora:     Sure.

3.9   A DAY IN THE LIFE OF JANE WILSON                         

Work with a partner.  Ask and answer questions to find the missing information in the following table.

Before you start, work out which questions to ask, e.g.

What time does Jane (have a shower)?

When does she (start work again)?

      What does she do (at a quarter to eight in the morning?)

 What time does Jane (wake up)?

When does she (finish work)?

What does she do (at a quarter past seven in the evening?)

      etc.

When you have finished, compare your tables

Student A

At ...  She usually:    At...  She usually...

wakes up

gets  home

has a shower

takes her dog for walk

has a cup of tea and reads the newspaper

has breakfast - usually

____________________

has dinner

drives to work

telephones her ___

watches the News on television

has lunch - usually at an Italian restaurant

goes to bed

starts work again

reads for a while

finishes work

falls asleep

Student B

At ...  She usually:    At...  She usually...

wakes up

gets  home

has a shower

gets dressed

has a cup of tea and reads the newspaper

has breakfast - usually tea and toast

telephones her father

start work

watches                  on television

has lunch - usually at

                                 .

goes to bed

starts work

finishes work

falls asleep

 


3.10     What are you doing on Saturday?

Present continuous: future events, already arranged

Ask three other people questions about their plans for the weekend. You can use the activities in the box to help you.

Example:  What are you doing this weekend?

What are you doing on Saturday?

What are you doing on Sunday evening?

Is anyone doing these things this weekend?

- going to a party                        - making a meals for friends

- going to the cinema-                - going out with children

- going to work                           - visiting relatives or friends

- going for a drive                       - other activities? ...................

3. 11     Finding the time to meet.

Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions to find the time to meet suitable for both.

Before you start, work out which questions to ask, e.g.

What are you doing / going to do on Friday?

Are you going to be free at 7 on Friday?


A student's diary

Student A

 Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

 Thursday

  Friday

Saturday

 Sunday

07.00-

09.00

 get up,

breakfast

get up,

breakfast

get up,

breakfast

 get up,

breakfast

  get up,

breakfast

  sleep

  sleep

09.00-

11.00

 English

 lesson

shopping

 French

lesson

philosophy

lecture

  get up,

breakfast

  sleep

11.00-

13.00

French litera-

ture lecture

 English litera-

ture lecture

 meet tutor

basketball

practice

  get up,

breakfast

13.00-

15.00

 lunch; stu-

dent union

meeting

 lunch; read

in library

 

  lunch;

shopping

 5-mile run;

lunch

15.00-

17.00

 basketball

practice

linguistics

seminar

basketball

practice

philosophy

 seminar

  tea with

tutor

17.00

19.00

work on as-

signment

 read in

library

 read in

library

work on as-

signments

work on as-

signments

19.00-

21.00

 supper;

work on

assign-ments

 supper; go

to cinema

 supper

read in

library

 party

 supper'

read

21.00-

23.00

 sports club

meeting

 early

night

 cinema

 write

letters

 party

 pub with

friends


Student B

A student's diary

 Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

 Thursday

  Friday

Saturday

Sunday

07.00-

09.00

 get up

breakfast

 get up,

breakfast

 get up,

breakfast

 get up,

breakfast

 get up,

breakfast

get up,

breakfast

get up,

breakfast

09.00-

11.00

 biology

lab

 chemistry

lab

 biology

lecture

 swim

11.00-

13.00

 philosophy

of science

seminar

 work in

library

 swim

13.00-

15.00

 lunch;

shopping

 lunch;

computer

practice

 lunch

seminar

 lunch;

shopping

 lunch;

walk in

country

15.00-

17.00

 biology

lab

computer

 practice

 chemistry

lecture

 computer

practice

 work in

library

 walk in

country

17.00-

19.00

 swim

 swim

 swim

 swim

 visit

family

19.00-

21.00

 supper;

work in

library

 supper;

work in

library

 theatre

 visit

family

21.00-

23.00

 early

night

 work in

library

 party

 theatre

 visit

family


И.Д. Латфуллина, Л.В. Мельникова

Практикум по формированию навыков чтения и устной речи.

Подписано в печать

Заказ N               Объем                      Формат 60х84.16

Тираж                  Бумага офсетная.   Печать офсетная.

Издательство Тюменского государственного университета

625000, Тюмень, Семакова, 10


 

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