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The World Around Us. Учебно-методическое пособие по разговорной практике

Книга

Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

The University provides excellent opportunities for education in 50 specialities, which number increases each year. The main buildings of the campus are located in the historical centre of the city. Students have access to up-to-date computer classes, spacious lecture halls and classrooms.

Английский

2015-09-16

218.5 KB

1 чел.

И.Д. Латфуллина, Е.Ю. Шутова, Е.Г.Брунова

для студентов I-II курсов

естественнонаучных факультетов

Издательство

Тюменского государственного университета

2006

РОССИЙСКАЯ ФЕДЕРАЦИЯ

МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ

Федеральное агентство по образованию

Государственное образовательное учреждение

высшего профессионального образования

«ТЮМЕНСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»

Кафедра иностранных языков естественных факультетов

И.Д. Латфуллина, Е.Ю. Шутова, Е.Г. Брунова

The World Around Us

Учебно-методическое пособие 

по разговорной практике

для студентов I-II курсов

естественнонаучных факультетов

Издательство

Тюменского государственного университета

2006

УДК 811.111 (075.8)

ББК Ш 143.21 - 923

    К Л - 277

И.Д. Латфуллина, Е.Ю. Шутова, Е.Г. Брунова. «The World Around Us». Учебно-методическое пособие по разговорной практике для студентов I-II курсов естественнонаучных факультетов. Тюмень: Издательство Тюменского государственного университета, 2006. 57с.

Данное пособие предназначено для первого и второго этапов обучения английскому языку студентов неязыковых специальностей.

Практикум состоит из пяти разделов “Our University”, “Our Institute / Faculty”, “Our Country”, “The Tyumen Region”, “My Native Town”. Каждый раздел включает в себя тексты, упражнения и различные задания, выполнение которых дает возможность студентам развить навыки и умения устного говорения и овладеть языковым материалом по предложенной тематике.

Пособие может быть использовано на занятиях под руководством преподавателя, а также при самостоятельном изучении английского языка.

Рекомендовано к печати кафедрой иностранных языков естественнонаучных факультетов. Одобрено Учебно-методической секцией Ученого совета Тюменского государственного университета.

ОТВЕТСТВЕННЫЙ РЕДАКТОР: Н.В. Войтик, к. пед. н., доцент

Рецензенты:  Н.В. Войтик, к. пед. н.,  доцент кафедры иностранных языков естественнонаучных факультетов

 О.Э. Сухарева, ст. препод. кафедры иностранных языков МИФУБа

Тюменский государственный университет, 2006

Издательство Тюменского государственного университета, 2006

И.Д. Латфуллина, Е.Ю. Шутова, Е.Г. Брунова

Contents   

UNIT 1 OUR UNIVERSITY……………………………………………….4

UNIT 2 OUR INSTITUTE / FACULTY………………………………….19

UNIT 3 OUR COUNTRY…………………………………………………32

UNIT 4 THE TYUMEN REGION…………………………………………42

UNIT 5 MY NATIVE TOWN………………………………………………49

BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………….57

UNIT 1                         OUR UNIVERSITY

1.1 Answer the following questions:

1 What do you know about Tyumen State University?

2 Why did you decide to study at Tyumen State University?

3 Do young people try to choose a profession according to their liking?

4 What were your impressions about the first day at the University?

1.2 What does a “university” mean? Study the factfile:

The word “university” comes from the Latin word “universitas” meaning “the whole”. Later, in Latin legal language “universitas” meant “a society, guild or corporation”. Thus, in mediaeval academic use the word meant an association of teachers and scholars. The modern definition of a university is “an institution that teaches and examines students in many branches of advanced learning, awarding degrees and providing facilities for academic research”.

1.3 Read the following words. Mind reading rules:

Establishment, considerable, decision, branch, opportunity, access, spacious, cataloged, unique, theoretical, knowledge, experience, through, scientific, technology, lawyer, leisure, facilities, museum, archaeology, ethnography, suburbs, Kazakhstan, the Caucasus, environmental, purification, modernization, European, company, industry, undergraduate, proprietary, athletic, elite, employability.

1.4 Read the text through and be ready to do the exercises after.

TYUMEN STATE UNIVERSITY

Tyumen State University (TSU) is one of the oldest higher educational establishments in Western Siberia, with the history dating back to 1930. Former Tyumen Teacher’s Training Institute underwent a considerable change. It became a University in 1973 according to the government’s decision. Today Tyumen State University is the most powerful educational centre in the region, with a developed network of branches and over 40,000 students.

The University provides excellent opportunities for education in 50 specialities, which number increases each year. The main buildings of the campus are located in the historical centre of the city. Students have access to up-to-date computer classes, spacious lecture halls and classrooms. The university library has over one and a half million volumes that are electronically cataloged. The library is proud of its unique collection of rare books from the 19th and early 20th centuries. In addition to all the information resources available, the students can always use any of the 800 computers connected to the Internet. University courses give students a chance to gain theoretical knowledge and practical experience during their studies.

The multi-level educational system of Tyumen State University allows students to progress through different stages of higher education: high school, bachelor, master, specialist, candidate and doctoral degrees. The University structure includes: an Academic college, which serves students who are completing their secondary education, seven faculties, eight institutes, post graduate courses, the Internet Educational Centre, language teaching centres. The University also has the Information Technology Centre and the Multimedia Laboratory, the Publishing House, two scientific research institutes, the Innovation and Technology Centre. The University’s leisure facilities include four museums (University History, Currency, Archaeology and Ethnography, and Zoology); the Art Gallery; five sport halls; a swimming pool; students’ holiday centres in the suburbs of Tyumen and at the Black Sea.

Now Tyumen State University offers educational services in other cities and regions. At present, it has sixteen branches and nine representative centres in the north of the Tyumen Region and Kazakhstan as well as a field-practice centre on the Black Sea coast in the Caucasus.

The University conducts a great deal of research, focusing the attention on different problems: development of natural resources, environmental protection, water purification technologies, information technologies, modernization of education, etc. Each year the University holds academic conferences at international, Russian, and regional levels. In April students take part in the Annual Students’ Scientific Conference where they can present their own researches.

The international activity of the University began in 1988. Since that time a lot has been achieved. The University takes part in different international projects of the European Union. Our partners are more than twenty foreign higher educational institutions of European countries and the USA. As a result, students have an opportunity to improve their education abroad and participate in international projects. Foreign specialists often come to Tyumen to take part in scientific conferences or to teach at our faculties and institutes. The development of international contacts continues to allow the students to widen their horizons and find their place in a globalized world.

The academic year starts in September and lasts till June. It is divided into two terms (semesters), at the end of each term, in January and June, students take their tests and exams. Besides, they write course projects, do practical work in different companies and take part in research expeditions.

If you work hard, you should rest much. There are many activities designed to interest the students. Sport is a major leisure activity. Students of all institutes and faculties participate in a wide variety of sports. There is also a great tradition of organizing many different students’ celebrations and performances at Tyumen State University. Students really enjoy participating in drama, dance and creative writing. Works of more talented students are often displayed within the University.

Anybody can join the students from lots of towns and villages of the Tyumen Region who are attracted by Tyumen’s academic reputation and by the stimulating and friendly study environment. The University has an excellent reputation not only in teaching and research but also in its strong links with schools, banks, industry and business. There is a wide range of opportunities for undergraduate, postgraduate study and research in University’s faculties.

Professional knowledge, skills and creative organizational experience gained at TSU permit students to achieve their life goals successfully. Graduates of TSU work in government agencies and controlling bodies at all levels. Additionally, they are in leadership positions at institutions of higher and secondary education and large private and state organizations. We also find out that many of the cultural, artistic and athletic elite of the city and region got diplomas of TSU. Graduates of TSU have enjoyed very high employability rates compared to other higher educational institutions in Tyumen. Tyumen State University has been the first step in the careers of many people. It can be our first step too!

1.5 Translate and memorize the following word-combinations:

an educational establishment   to gain knowledge

to undergo changes     to hold the conference

to progress through different stages  to widen one’s horizon

to have access      to achieve the life goals

to be proud of      to be in a leadership position

to give a chance      to have an opportunity

to improve one’s education to participate in different projects

1.6 Make up your own sentences with the words and word-combinations from activity 1.5.

Model: There are many educational establishments in our town.

  1.  Match the words in A with their meanings in B:

A     B

1 establishment    a) grounds of a university or college

2 considerable    b) listed in a catalogue

3 career     с) ready to be used

4 government decision d) division, department

5 powerful     e) fairly great in amount or importance

6 spacious     f) being the only one of its kind

7 campus     g) institution

8 electronically cataloged  h) providing much space, roomy

9 unique i) residential area outside the central part of a town

10 available    j) way of making one’s living, profession

11 suburbs k) take part in something

12 branch     l) judgment, resolution, decree

13 to participate    m) having great power or influence

1.8 Match the following words and word-combinations in A with their synonyms in B:

  A        B

1 an educational establishment   a) to advance all the stages of              education

2 to undergo changes     b) to realize the life plans

3 to progress through all the phases  c) to have a chance

4 to have access      d) to broaden one’s outlook

5 to be proud of      e) to conduct the meeting

6 to give a chance     f)to take part in diverse projects

7 to have an opportunity    g) teaching institution

8 to participate in different projects  h) to have at one’s disposal

9 to gain knowledge     i) to go through

10 to hold the conference    j) to progress one’s knowledge

11 to widen one’s horizon    k) to offer an opportunity

12 to achieve the life goals    l) to feel pleased

13 to improve one’s education m) to get (to acquire) information

1.9 Give the English equivalents for the following words and word-combinations:

Подвергаться значительным изменениям, развитая сеть филиалов, пройти через все ступени высшего образования, мультимедийные лаборатории, получить теоретические знания и практический опыт, проводить большую научную работу, иметь признание на международном уровне, иметь представительства, расширять границы, совершенствовать знания, получить диплом ТГУ, предлагать образовательные услуги, символизировать международную признательность, дать (иметь) возможность, позволять.

1.10 Study the information about studying at a University:

If you want to go (enter) university, you must first pass examinations. Students usually take examinations in three or four subjects, and they must do well to get a place at university.

If you get a place, you don’t have to pay tuition fees (money for teaching). Your education is free of charge. Some students have to pay their tuition fees, but some students need a loan (money you borrow from a bank) to cover the cost of (pay for) university life. Students at university are called undergraduates. A graduate is a person who holds a university degree.

University courses last (continue for) five years.

When people study one subject in great detail (often to find new information), we say they are doing research.

The head of department (also called a “faculty”, but less common in spoken English) at a university is a dean (university official).

 Scholarship is grant of money towards education.

 Grant is money given for a particular purpose, especially from public funds.

A university teacher gives a lecture on (geography, etc.) and the students take notes.

Students can do an (English, etc.) course in many colleges and universities. At the end of a course, you often have to take / do an exam. You hope to pass your exams. You don’t want to fail your exams.

If you pass your final exams at university, you get a degree.

■  What do we call:

1 the name we give students during this period at university?

2 the money some students receive if they get a place at university?

3 the study of the subject in great depth and detail, often to get new information?

4 the talks / lessons that students go to while they are at university?

5 a university official who heads a faculty?

1.11 Replace the underlined verbs with less formal verbs that have the same meaning in the context:

1 It is very difficult to obtain a place at university.

2 You have to pass exams before you can enter university.

3 He is studying physics, I think.

4 Did she receive a grant for her course?

5 The course continues for five years.

1.12 Fill the gaps with a suitable word:

1 My brother is 20. He is still …… university in York.

2 She has got a degree …… chemistry.

3 He’s …… research …… various types of world climate.

4 Who is the head in your ……?

1.13 Read these sentences spoken by university students. What is each person studying?

1 We have to know scientific laws that control the life of a particular type of animal or plant.

2 The way we use fertilizers is much more precise than 20 years ago.

3 The world’s human population is now over five billion and is rising rapidly.

4 People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not somebody else’s.

5 Functional analysis as well as the theory of differential variable function spaces was created.

6 The study of light is called optics.

1.14 Complete the following sentences:

1 Tyumen State University is one of the……

2 It was given “University Status”…….

3 The University provides……

4 The library is proud of its……

5 The students have the opportunity……

6 Tyumen State University allows students……

7 Within the University there are……

8 TSU has extended its borders and it has……

9 The University began looking for……

10 The students have an opportunity to improve……

11 The development of international contacts allows……

12 The University takes part in……

13 Graduates of TSU work……

14 The professional knowledge and creative experience permit students……

1.15 Translate the following sentences into English:

1 ТГУ – это мощный образовательный центр в области.

2 Студенты имеют доступ к современным мультимедийным средствам.

3 Университетская библиотека гордится уникальной коллекцией редких книг.

4 Каждый год университет проводит конференции международного, областного и российского уровня.

5 Международные соглашения дают студентам возможность улучшать свои знания за рубежом.

6 Студенты принимают участие в международных проектах.

7 Существует много видов деятельности, которые охватывают все студенческие интересы.

8 Знания, полученные в университете, позволяют студентам успешно достигать своих целей.

9 ТГУ – это первый шаг в карьере многих людей.

1. 16 Correspond the names in A with the following numbers in B:

A      B

1 Institutes      a) 16

2 Faculties      b) 12

3 Specialities     c) 1.5 million volumes

4 Students      d) 4

5 Branches     e) 1

6 Buildings      f) 7

7 Computer classes     g) 157

8 Sport Halls      h) 460

9 Museums      I) 76

10 Art Gallery      j) 40,000

11 Library      k) 5

12 Representative Centres    l) 9

13 Departments      m) 50

14 Professors      n) 8

15 Candidates of Science    o) 50

1.17 Read the sentences and decide which word A, B, or C best fits each space.

Model: The university provides …excellent … opportunity for education.

A) excellent B) beautiful  C) heavy

1 Tyumen State University is a …… educational centre for the region.

A) powerful  B) enormous  C) strong

2 Tyumen’s Institute of Higher Education underwent a …… change.

 A) huge   B) considerable  C) constant

3 The main buildings of the campus are located in the ..… centre of the city.

 A) strange   B) outside   C) historical

4 Students have access to …(1)… computers, …(2).. lecture halls and classrooms.

(1) A) well-built  B) up-to-date  C) current

(2) A) spacious  B) slightest   C) impossible

5 Students can always use one of the 800 computers …… to the Internet.

A) condensed  B) connected  C) reserved

6 The University gives students …… to gain theoretical knowledge.

A) chance   B) development  C) projects

7 Tyumen State University offers educational …… in other cities and regions.

A) expeditions  B) services   C) celebrations

8 The University conducts a great deal of …… work.

A) problem   B) protection  C) research

9 The University takes part in different …… projects of the European Union.

A) international  B) successful  C) amusing

10 Students have an opportunity to …… their education abroad.

A) to increase  B) to store    C) to improve

11 The development of international contacts allows the students ..…their horizons.

A) to capture  B) to widen   C) to narrow

12 The professional knowledge gained at TSU let the students …… their life goals.

A) progress  B) undergo  C) achieve

1.18 Answer the questions:

1 When was Tyumen State University founded?

2 What is Tyumen State University now?

3 Where are the main buildings of the University located? How many of them do you know?

4 How many specialities does the University provide?

5 What is the teaching staff of the University?

6 What do the students have at their disposal?

7 How does TSU allow students to progress the education?

8 Who is a graduate?

9 Do the students get scholarships?

10 How many branches does the University have in other cities and regions?

11 When did the University begin looking for the international links?

12 What are the results of the development of these international contacts?

13 What are the major leisure activities existed at TSU?

14 How long does the course of study last?

15 What opportunities does TSU give to its students in their future life?

1.19 Read the text and guess what institutions are located in the sites described in the text. Choose the answer from the list below:

The Institute of State and Law / the Faculty of Biology / the Faculty of Chemistry / the Faculty of Physics / the Faculty of Geography and Ecology / the Institute of Mathematics / the University Administration Building / the Faculty of Philology / the Faculty of Psychology / the Faculty of Romano- Germanic Philology

 1 Podaruevskaya Street was named in honour of Prokopy Ivanovitch Podaruev (1818-1900), a patron of the arts (меценат) and the mayor of Tyumen, now the street has another name. In this street, the University occupies a very remarkable old building made of red brick that was erected in 1901. Its architecture is notable for strict geometry of decoration. The interior of the building reflects the respect to academic process typical of pre-revolutionary Russia, and evokes self-respect, desire to study and to acquire knowledge. Beautiful cast-iron stairs with Masharov’s manufacture mark decorate it inside. There is a charming rosary in its premises. The building neighbours several historical monuments belonging to the 18th, 19th centuries and the beginning of the 20th century. Among them Znamensky Cathedral that was built in the 18th century, and nowadays is considered to be one of the most beautiful church buildings in Siberia.

 2 The next site is Republic Street, former Tzarskaya Street. Here it is situated another university building, that was constructed in 1964. Nowadays it houses three faculties and the University Publishing house. This building faces the University Information Library Centre and Regional Centre of Internet Education Federation erected in 2001.

 3 The former Spasskaya Street involves us into a journey along the buildings that house most of the University faculties, departments and institutes. At the corner of Perekopskaya Street (former Trusovsky Lane) and Lenin Street (former Spasskaya Street) there is another university complex. Students study in the building constructed in 1982. In 1995 the students of two faculties moved into the block designed purposefully for them. This complex neighbours both old buildings of Knyazev's house and Polish Catholic Cathedral of St. Jozeph. It is situated in the very historical part of Tyumen.

 4 In 1999, at the corner of two streets, Chelyuskintsev and Lenin, at the very centre of the town, another university building, housing the popular Institute, opened its doors. The facade of this building presents a sort of a huge mirror wall that reflects splendid architectural monuments: Spassky Cathedral, the Palace of Children's Creative Activity, Yankel Shaichik's house. From the point of view of the interior planning, halls, corridors and lecture-halls of this Institute are the most remarkable among the whole of the University buildings.

 5 Going down Dzerzhinsky Street in the direction to the Tura River you cannot fail to notice an amazing Burkov's House and a wooden two-storied house with a balcony. Both houses were built according to the "modernist' style, as well as the building of another faculty of Tyumen State University, the target of our stroll along Dzerzhinsky Street. From the very beginning, the rooms of this building were designed as classrooms. In 1914, it started as a private technical school. Nowadays, the students of one of the faculties study in this building.

 6 Outside historical centre of Tyumen there is another University building that houses one more faculty. It is located in the suburb of Tyumen. It allows to have not only a site for the building itself constructed in 1980 but also a plot of land for an experimental hothouse. If you come into the building you will find yourself among green plants and beautiful flowers. There is also the taxidermy laboratory where you can see stuffed wild animals and birds (чучела зверей и птиц).

1.20 Speak about the University according to the following schemes:

Tyumen Teacher’s Training Institute (1930)

Tyumen State University (1973)

 

16 branches  practice centres  9 representative centres

UNIT 2   OUR INSTITUTE / FACULTY

2.1 Say a few words about your studies:

a) where you study; b) what subjects you study; c) your lectures and seminars; d) how many classes you have every day and what they are;

e) how often you write research-papers (essays); f) how long your classes last.

2.2 Read the following words and word-combinations correctly:

Faculty, mathematics, finance, approximately, multi-media laboratories, the teaching staff, applied computer science, narrow specialization, knowledgeable, specialized courses, to acquire, specialists, candidate degree, glorious, dissertation, research, a graduate, to graduate.

2.3 Read the text through and be ready to do the exercises after.

I AM A STUDENT OF…

As it is well known the success or failure of adult life depends upon the choice made early in life.

I am a student of the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science. Our Institute is quite young, it was established on the basis of the Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science in 2005. The building of our Institute is situated in the centre of Tyumen, at the corner of Lenin and Perekopskaya Streets. Our Institute is one of the largest institutes of the University. First of all it is so because the professions related to the computer science are very popular today.

There are many departments in our Institute such as Mathematics, Computer Security, Software and Administration of Information Systems and Applied Computer Science in Economics. Besides, there are multimedia laboratories connected to the Internet. Every student has an opportunity to work in up-to-date well-equipped lecture rooms where different problems of mathematics are under investigation. Here students can acquire skills, which fit them for a better career and get much practical and useful experience in scientific research. The teaching staff of the Institute consists of professors, Candidates of Science and well-qualified lecturers. All of them are knowledgeable in their subjects, friendly and well-organized. All students of the Institute are divided into groups. The head of the Institute, the director, appoints heads of each group. These students are responsible for the attendance of lessons and for the students’ progress. Our classes usually start at 8 o’clock in the morning and last till 3 o’clock in the afternoon. Each lecture or seminar lasts an hour and a half.

Students are acquainted with all branches of mathematics and computer science. They are lectured in various subjects. During the first two years they attend lectures on geometry, physics, history and foreign languages. They learn English to be able to read the latest information on different problems in foreign magazines and scientific books. The next years more narrow specialization begins. The students have several specialized courses and additional practical and research work in the subject they have chosen as their future speciality. Lectures are given to large groups of students (from 20 to 200). Seminars and tutorials are much smaller than lecture classes. Besides attending lectures the students must choose a problem to work over according to their bents. All of them know that the field of mathematics and all that connected with it is the science of glorious past and great future. They do their best to acquire as much knowledge as possible. Usually after completing five years of study students receive a university degree. They write a diploma paper for a university degree. Very often graduates of the Institute write dissertations for an advanced degree. And after three years of post-graduate work over the dissertation it is possible to obtain a candidate degree.

Graduates of the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science are assigned to work at banks, schools, research institutes and other large private and state organizations as specialists of high level. The Institute reputation stays with its graduates – and their achievements in turn glorify it.

2.4 Read the names of the faculties and specialities:

1 the faculty of Biology – specialities: Biology, Bioecology

2 the faculty of Chemistry – specialities: Chemistry

3 the faculty of Physics – specialities: Physics, Thermal Physics

4 the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science – specialities: Mathematics, Software and Administration of Information Systems, Applied Computer Science in Economics, Computer Security

5 the faculty of Ecology and Geography – specialities: Geography, Geoecology, Environmental Management, Social and Cultural Service and Tourism, Applied Information Science in Geography

  1.  Correspond the subjects the students are taught at the University with the following faculties (Institutes):

the faculty of Physics / the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science /

the faculty of Ecology and Geography / the faculty of Chemistry / the faculty of Biology

1 Meteorology, Hydrology, Cartography, Soil Science, Geology, Geomorphology, Ecology, Customs and Civilization, Literature, History

2 Botany, Zoology, Anatomy, Microbiology, Biophysics, Biochemistry, Soil Science, Bionics, Genetics, Physiology

3 Mechanics, Electricity, Principles of Optics, Magnetism, Theoretical Physics, Radiophysics, Digital Telecommunication Systems and Network, Physico-Mathematical Methods, Optics and Spectroscopy

4 Algebra, Mathematical Analysis, Geometry, Discrete Mathematics, Computer Science, Differential Equations, Object-Oriented and Visual Programming, Theoretical Mechanics, Functional Analysis, Applied Statistics, Structures and Algorithms of Computer Data Processing

5 Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Electrochemistry, Ecological Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Nuclear Chemistry, Colloidal Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

2.6 Match the word-combinations in A with their Russian equivalents in B:

A       B

1 Institute of Mathematics a) хорошо оборудованные лаборатории

2 multimedia laboratories    b) научная работа

3 well-equipped laboratories   c) специалист высокого уровня

4 Candidate of Science   d) доцент

5 well-qualified lecturers    e) область математики

6 course work      f) оценивать

7 teaching staff      g) получить оценку (по предмету)

8 private and state organizations   h) институт математики

9 specialist of high level   i) курсовая работа

10 the field of mathematics   j) мультимедийные аудитории

11 research-paper   k) высококвалифицирован-

ные преподаватели

12 associate professor    l) научный руководитель

13 to assess, to evaluate    m) кандидат наук

14 to get a mark (in a subject)  n) преподавательский состав

15 supervisor      o) частные и государственные

       предприятия

2.7 Think over your own sentences with the following words and word-combinations:

Model: The head of the group is responsible for the attendance of lessons.

1 to be responsible for something

2 the attendance of lessons

3 to depend upon (on)

4 to be a first-year (second, third, forth, fifth) student

5 to specialize in (to be specializing in)

6 to be under investigation

7 to attend lectures on

8 to be knowledgeable in something

9 to receive a university degree

10 a graduate paper

11 to obtain a candidate degree

12 an additional practice

13 to do one’s best to do something

14 to acquire knowledge

15 according to one’s bents

2.8 Match the words and word-combinations in A with their meanings in B:

A        B

1 up-to-date     a) the people employed by an organization

2 well-equipped      b) adapted for a particular purpose

3 staff       c) to praise highly

4 to be acquainted with   d) to get possession of

5 various      e) in current style

6 specialized courses    f) detailed discourse

7 bent      g) of several kinds

8 to acquire     h) natural skill or liking

9 dissertation     I) to know slightly

10 to glorify      j) supplied with what is needed

2.9 Fill in the correct word(s) from the list below to make up a phrase. Use the words only once.

To depend upon / to get / knowledgeable / to appoint / to choose / to be responsible for / to last / to attend / to have / to join / to acquire / to complete / to receive / to work over

Model:……to receive….… the latest information

1…………………………….. lecturer

2……………………………. opportunities

3……………………………. the latest information

4……………………………. lectures on

5…………………………..... five years of study

6……………………………. a problem

7……………..………….….. knowledge

8…………………………….. a diploma paper

9..…………………………... a university degree

10………….……………..… scientific circles

11…………………………… the latest information

12…………………………... the head of the group

13…………………………… for the attendance

14…………………………… an hour and a half

2.10 Complete the sentences:

1 I study at the University at the faculty of / Institute of……

2 There are many departments at our Institute / faculty:…..

3 The teaching staff of the Institute / faculty consists of……

4 The students have at their disposal……

5 The students are taught many different subjects such as……

6 The students are acquainted with all branches of……

7 The students must attend lectures on……

8 The students do their best to acquire……

9 After completing five years of study the students……

10 Graduates of the Institute / faculty are assigned to……

2.11 Study the information about exams and education:

 Take/ do/ sit an exam

 resit an exam – take it again because you did badly first time

 pass an exam – get the minimum grade (mark) or more

 do well in an exam – get a high grade

 fail an exam – do not get the minimum grade

 do badly in an exam – fail or don’t do as well as expected / as well as you wanted

Before an exam it’s a good idea to revise for it. If you skip classes / lectures, you will probably do badly in the exam.

In universities there are lectures (large classes listening to the teacher and taking notes), seminars (10-20 students actively taking part in discussion etc).

A professor is a senior university academic who is a well-known specialist in his/her subject. University teachers are usually called lecturers.

■ Correct the mis-collocations in these sentences:

1 I can’t come out. I’m studying. I’m passing an examination tomorrow.

2 Congratulations! I hear you succeeded your examination!

3 You can study a lot of different careers at this university.

4 I got some good notes in my continuous assessment this term.

5 She’s the professor in a primary school.

6 He gave an interesting 45-minutes conference on Goethe.

7 When I was 12, we started having French seminars at school, and I fell in love with the language.

2 12 What questions could you ask to get these answers?

1 No, they have to finance their own studies.

2 I’ve been revising / studying for an exam.

3 No, I was ill. I didn’t miss this lecture deliberately.

4 The course of study runs for five years.

5 A student who does well in his/her exams gets a scholarship.

2.13 Answer the following questions:

1 What Institute / faculty do you study at?

2 How many students study at your Institute / faculty?

3 How many departments are there at your Institute / faculty? Name them.

4 What is the teaching staff of the Institute / faculty?

5 Who is the head of your Institute / faculty?

6 Who is responsible for the attendance of lessons and for the students’ progress?

7 What subjects are the students taught?

8 Is it necessary to attend lectures and classes? Why?

9 Who does badly in the exams?

10 What must the student do to acquire much knowledge?

11 What possibilities have the graduates of the Institute / faculty?

12 Are you proud of studying at this Institute / faculty?

13 Why did you choose this Institute / faculty?

  1.  Compose short dialogues for the following imaginary situations:

1 Your friend studies at the faculty of Chemistry. He urges you to transfer to this faculty. Reject his proposal and tell him that mathematics (geography, etc.) is your dream.

2 Next year you graduate from the University. Tell your friend what you would like to do in the new year. Remember how interesting it was to study at the University.

3 You are the Director of the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science. Tomorrow you are going to speak to the first-year students. What would you tell them? What would you wish your future students?

4 You are going to enter the faculty of Ecology and Geography. Your friend is a second-year student of this faculty. Ask him everything about this faculty.

Use the following conversational formulas:

Would you like to…?   I’m afraid, I can’t...

Would you mind…(-ing)?  Is it necessary (for me) to…?

Why don’t you…?   Do I have to…?

I think you should…   No, you don’t

I advise you to…    That’s (not) a (very) good idea!

You’d better…    You shouldn’t do that

That’s (quite) possible   Sorry, I don’t know

That’s impossible   I have no idea

I (don’t) think so    I can’t help you

I doubt it     I have doubts about the…

Why don’t we…?    I am not at all sure about this

How about …ing?   I object to…

I believe (think, feel) that…  I wish I could agree with you that…

In my opinion…    I want to point out that…

I agree with you    I should like to stress the importance of…

I think you are right   Have you thought about…?

As far as I know…   I’ll try to explain…

You are wrong.    You’ve made it quite clear

That’s true.     I see / I understand

I prefer / I hope    I get the idea of…

2.15 Speak about your Institute / faculty. Use the table:

Tyumen State University

The Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science

Specialities:

● Mathematics

● Software and Administration of Information Systems

● Applied Computer  Science in Economics

●Computer Security

Departments:

● Mathematical Analyses and Theory of Functions

● Software

● Mathematical Modeling

● Informational Security

● Algebra and Mathematical Logics

● Informational Systems

● Mathematics and Computer Science

Subjects:

● Algebra

● Mathematical Analysis

● Geometry

● Discrete Mathematics

● Computer Science

● Differential Equations

● Object-Oriented and Visual Programming

● Theoretical Mechanics

● Functional Analysis

● Applied Statistics

● Structures and Algorithms of Computer Data Processing

The Faculty of Ecology and Geography

Specialities:

● Geography

● Geoecology

●Environmental

  Management

● Social and Cultural

  Service and Tourism

● Applied Information

  Science in Geography

Departments:

● Physical Geography

  and Ecology

● Ecological Monitoring and Physical Geography (Earth Science)

● Economic and Social Geography

   and Environmental Management

● Social and Cultural Service and Tourism

●Geoinformational Systems

Subjects:

● Meteorology

● Hydrology

● Cartography

● Soil Science

● Geology

● Geomorphology

● Ecology

● Customs and Civilization

● Literature

● History

●Historical Monuments and Sights

The faculty

of Biology

Specialities:

● Biology

● Bioecology

Departments:

● Human and Animal Anatomy and Physiology

● Zoology and Ichthyology

● Ecology and Genetics

● Botany and Biotechnology of Plants

Subjects:

● Botany

● Zoology

● Anatomy

● Microbiology

● Biophysics

● Biochemistry

● Soil Science

● Bionics

● Genetics

● Physiology

The faculty of Chemistry

Specialities:

● Chemistry

Departments:

● Organic Chemistry

● Inorganic  Chemistry

● Analytical Chemistry

● General    Chemistry

Subjects:

● Chemistry

● Physical Chemistry

● Analytical Chemistry

● Electrochemistry

● Ecological Chemistry

● Organic Chemistry

● Nuclear Chemistry

● Colloidal Chemistry

●Inorganic Chemistry

The faculty

of Physics

Specialities:

● Physics

● Thermal Physics

Departments:

● Theoretical Physics

● Radio Physics

● Mechanics of Multiphase Systems

● Chemical Physics

Subjects:

● Mechanics

● Electricity

● Principles of Optics

● Magnetism

● Theoretical Physics

● Radiophysics

● Digital Telecommunication Systems and Network

● Physico-Mathematical Methods

● Optics and Spectroscopy

UNIT 3    OUR COUNTRY

3.1 Discuss the following questions:

1 What country were you born? Is it your Motherland?

2 What do you know about Russia?

3 Where do you live nowadays?

4 How do you imagine the future of your country?

3.2 Read the Geographical names correctly, then complete the table that follows.

Russia - [`rΛə], Finland - [`finlənd], Estonia - [es`təunjə], Latvia - [`lætviə], Lithuania - [liθju(:)`einjə], Belarus - [`bjelərus], Ukraine - [ju(:)`krein], Poland - [`poulənd], Kaliningrad - [kəli:nin`gra:d], Georgia - [`dʒo:dʒjə], Azerbaijan - [a:zə:bai`dʒa:n], Kazakhstan - [ka:za:h`sta:n], Mongolia - [moŋ`gouljə], China - [`tainə], Korea - [kə`riə], the Baltic Sea - [ðə `bo:ltik `si:], the Black Sea - [ðə `blæk `si:], the Caspian Sea - [ðə `kæspiən `si:], the Azov Sea - [ði `a:zəv `si:], the Arctic Ocean - [ði `a:ktik `ou(ə)n], the White Sea - [ðə wait `si:], the Barents Sea - [ðə `bærənts `si:], the Kara Sea - [ðə `ka:rə `si:], the Laptev Sea - [ðə `la:ptjəf `si:], the East-Siberian Sea - [ði `i:stsai`biəriən `si:], the Pacific Ocean - [ðə pə`sifik `ou(ə)n], the Bering Sea - [ðə `beriŋ `si:], the Okhotsk Sea - [ði ou`kotsk `si:], the Japanese Sea - [ðə dʒæpə`ni:z `si:], the European Plain - [ði juərə`pi(:)ən plein], the Ural Mountains - [ði `juər(ə)l `mauntinz], Siberia - [sai`biəriə], the West Siberian Plain - [ðə west sai`biəriən plein], the Central Siberian Plateau - [ðə `sentrəl sai`biəriən `plætou], the Far East - [ðə `fa:r`i:st], Europe - [`juərəp], Asia - [`eiə], the Don - [ðə don], the Volga River - [ðə `vo:lgə], the Ob - [ði `ob], the Yenisey - [ði jeni`sei], Ladoga Lake - [`la:dəgə leik], Baikal - [bai`ka:l], the Kama - [ðə `ka:mə], the Angara - [ði ΛngΛ`ra:].

Country

Ocean

Sea

River

Lake

Mountain System

Territory

3.3 Some of these sentences are correct, but some need the (perhaps more than once). Correct the sentences where necessary.

1 River Volga flows into Caspian Sea.

2 Next year we are going to Black Sea.

3 Baikal is deepest lake in world.

4 Ural Mountains are the boundary between Europe and Asia.

5 Mount Narodnaya reaches 1,895 m. It’s highest mountain in Urals.

5 Atlantic Ocean washes Russia in north.

6 Mongolia borders on Russia in south.

7 Tim has travelled a lot in Siberia and in Far East.

8 The climate of Siberia is continental.

9 Angara which flows out of Lake Baikal, an enormous natural reservoir, is practically regulated by nature itself.

10 Some rivers (Pechora, Mezen and Northern Dvina) flow into Barents and White seas while others (Neva with lakes Ladoga, Onega and Ilmen situated in its basin) drain into Baltic Sea.

11 Although Caucasus has a warm climate, the mountains are covered with snow the year round.

3.4 Read through the text and match these headings with the passages:

Climate / Natural Resources / Flora / The Population / The Geographical Outline

Russia

1  With the area of 6,592, 800 square miles (17,075,300 sq km), Russia is the world’s largest country, almost twice the size of either China or the United States.

Russia has the longest border of any country on the Earth. In the west it borders on Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Poland through Kaliningrad Region. In the south our country borders on Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China and North Korea.

Russia is washed by twelve seas and three oceans. It confronts the Baltic Sea in the west. The Black, Caspian and Azov Seas wash Russia in the south. The Arctic Ocean and conjoint seas such as the White, Barents, Kara, Laptev, East-Siberian Seas are in the North. The Pacific Ocean and conjoint seas including the Bering, Okhotsk and Japanese Seas wash the country in the east.

Russia is a country of thick forests and wide valleys, of high mountains and bare deserts. Russian’s main regions are the Russian (or the East European) Plain, the Ural Mountains, the West Siberian Plane, the Central Siberian Plateau, and the Far East. The Russian Plain takes on the European part of Russia. The Urals form the eastern boundary of it. It is held that the Urals separate Europe from Asia. The Urals stretch for about 2,100 km from north to south. The highest peak, Mount Narodnaya, reaches 1,895 m. The most important rivers in the European part of Russia are the Don and Volga. The Volga River, which flows to the Caspian Sea, is one of great historic, economic, and cultural importance to Russia. It has become the cradle of such ancient Russian cities as Vladimir, Tver, Jaroslavl, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod. In Western Siberia the greatest rivers are the Ob and Yenisey. They flow along the most extensive lowland in the world. The largest lakes are Ladoga and Baikal. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and its water is the purest on the Earth. It contains a fifth of the world’s fresh water supplies, more than all five of the Great Lakes of North America combined. Truly unique on the Earth, Baikal is home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world.

2  Russia ranks sixth in the world in the size of its population. The current population is about 150 million people. The great majority of the population of Russia is Russians. Russia is inhabited by sixty other nationalities, and about twenty-five of these minorities have their own autonomous republics within the Russian Federation. The population in Russia is unequally distributed. The bulk of the people live in the European part of the country. Siberia is insufficiently populated, though its economic development was rapid in the second half of the 20th century. The northern part of Russia is practically uninhabitable because of the length and severity of its winter.

3  There are different types of climate on the territory of Russia. Great ranges of temperature are typical. It is very cold in the north even in summer. The central part of the country has mild climate: winters are cold, springs and autumns are warm or cool, and summers are hot and warm. In the south the temperature is usually above zero all the year round, even in winter. Summer is really hot. The climate there is very favourable. The climate of Siberia is continental: summers are hot and dry, sometimes humid, winters are very cold.

4  Different latitudinal climatic regimes are mirrored in Russian’s flora. A treeless tundra with mosses and grasses extends along the entire Arctic coast. In the south it gives the way to taiga. This coniferous forest growing on swampy ground covers more than half of the country. Southwards taiga is replaced by a zone of mixed coniferous and deciduous forest which in the south transfers into mixed forest-steppe and finally into steppe.

Russia has the world’s largest forest reserves, which supply timber, pulp and paper, and raw materials for woodworking industries.

Because of the harshness of the Russian environment, less than one sixth of the land is used as farmland for growing crops, wheat, barley, rye, oats, rice, buckwheat and doing farming.

5  Russia has the richest deposits of mineral resources in the world. The development of the Russian economy is determined by its natural resources. It is one of the world’s biggest producers of coal, oil, and natural gas, as well as of iron ore, copper, zinc, lead, nickel, aluminium, tin, etc. Extensive pipeline systems link producing districts to all parts of Russia and across the border to many European countries. Much of the country’s fuel is converted to electricity, but about a third of the electricity is produced by hydroelectric plants. The largest of these are on the Volga, Kama, Ob, Yenisey and Angara rivers. Russia’s heavy industries are well-developed. They produce much of the nation’s steel and most of its heavy machinery. Russia’s chemical industry is also well-developed. Light industry centres on the production of textiles.

3.5 Memorize the following words and word-combinations. Then find the sentences with them in the text and translate them.

1 thick forests    6 insufficiently

2 wide valleys    7 deposits

3 bare deserts    8 conjoint seas

4 majority     9 cradle

5 the bulk     10 to be unequally distributed

3.6 Match the words and word-combinations in A with their synonyms in B:

A       B

1 to border      a) reserve, reservoir, stock

2 to border on (countries)    b) to rate, to classify

3 to be obvious     c) to spread, to scatter

4 bare        d) not much, not enough

5 to stretch      e) to occupy, to live in

6 extensive      f) boundary, frontier, borderline

7 supply       g) to be apparent, to be clear

8 unique        h) majority, greater part

9 to rank       i) variety

10 to inhabit     j) quick, swift

11 to distribute      k) good, satisfactory

12 bulk of       l) treeless, open

13 insufficiently      m) damp, moist

14 rapid       n) great, huge, immense, spacious

15 range       o) to extend, to spread

16 favourable     p) marsh, bog

17 humid       q) incomparable

18 swamp       r) to be next to

3.7 Give the English equivalents for the following:

Простираться, занимать территорию, густые леса, граничить со многими странами, широкие долины, быть недостаточно населенным, обширная низменность, экономическое развитие, основная масса населения.

3.8 Match the adjectives on the left with the corresponding nouns on the right:

Adjectives     Nouns

1 important      a) water

2 high      b) population

3 bare      c) city

4 fresh      d) resources

5 ancient       e) ground

6 coniferous     f) lakes

7 current      g) lowland

8 cultural      h) deposits

9 natural      i) deserts

10 extensive      j) mountains

11 rich      k) importance

12 deep      l) forest

13 swampy     m) rivers

3.9 Are these statements true (T) or false (F)? If the statement is false, correct it.

1 Russia stretches over an enormous area of Eastern Europe.

2 Russia is washed by twenty seas and four oceans.

3 The current population in Russia is about 130 million people.

4 The Urals form the northern boundary of Russia.

5 The population in Russia is equally distributed.

6 There are diverse types of climate on the territory of Russia.

7 The climate of Siberia is temperate.

8 Its mineral resources determine the development of the Russian economy.

9 It is one of the world’s biggest producers of coal, oil and natural gas.

10 There is no official language in the country, because Russia is multinational.

11 Baikal is the largest salt water lake.

3.10 Translate into English:

1 Россия занимает огромную территорию.

2 Россия соседствует со многими странами.

3 Россия занимает шестое место в мире по численности населения.

4 Большая часть населения живет в Европейской части страны.

5 Сибирь не достаточно заселена.

6 Россия имеет самые богатые запасы природных ресурсов в мире.

7 Россия – самый большой производитель угля, нефти и природного газа.

8 Тяжелая промышленность России хорошо развита.

9 Официальным государственным языком страны является русский язык.

10 Москвастолица России.

3.11 Complete the following sentences using the information from the text:

1 Russia borders on many countries…..

2 Russia covers almost twice the territory of…..

3 The Russian Plain takes up…..

4 The Urals form…..

5 The most important rivers in the European part of Russia are…..

6 The largest lakes are…..

7 The current population is…..

8 Russia has the richest…..

9 The head of the country is…..

10 Moscow is…..

3.12 Answer the following questions:

1 Where is Russia situated?

2 What is Russia washed by?

3 What countries does the Russian Federation border on?

4 What is lake Baikal noted for?

5 What are the most important rivers in Russia?

6 What is the deepest lake in Russia?

7 What types of climate are there on the territory of Russia?

8 What can you say about the population of Russia?

9 How large is the population of Russia?

10 Is Russia rich in natural resources?

11 Is Russia’s industry well-developed?

12 What is the official language of the Russian Federation?

13 What is the capital of Russia?

3.13 Study the factfile:

Official name: Russian Federation

Capital: Moscow

Population number: about 150 mln

Natural Regions: the East European Plain

   the West Siberian Plain

the Central Siberian Plateau

the Far East

Mountain Systems: the Altai, the Caucasus, the Cherskiy,

  the Pamir, the Sayan, the Tian Shan, the Ural

The highest Peak: Elbrus – 18,481 feet (5,633 metres)

Major Rivers: the Amur, the Angara, the Irtysh, the Lena, the Ob, the Volga,

     the Yenisey

Major Lakes: Baikal, Ladoga, Onega

Natural Zones: Tundra (along the Arctic coast), taiga (north and central half of the country), forest, forest-steppe, steppe

Climate: Long bitter winters and short summers (tundra)

    Long severe winters, short springs and summers (taiga)

    Long cold winters, hot moist summers (forest)

    Cold winters and hot dry summers (steppe)

Major Agricultural Products: Crops, sugar, beets, wheat, potatoes, barley, rye, oats, cabbage, tomatoes, sunflowers.

Cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, poultry, fish, seafood

Major Mined Products: Coal, oil, natural gas, iron ore, salt, bauxite, lead, tin,

manganese, zinc, copper, nickel, molybdenum, gold, etc.

Major Manufactured Products: Iron, steel, cement, mineral fertilizers, chemicals, food products, wood products, machine tools, food processing equipment, chemical equipment, oil and gas equipment

Currency: 1rouble = 100kopecs

3.14 Speak about the country you live in.

UNIT 4   THE TYUMEN REGION

4.1 Answer the questions:

1. What is your native town? Is it located on the territory of the Tyumen Region?

2 What is the Tyumen Region famous for?

3 Where is the Tyumen Region situated?

4 What is the capital of the Tyumen Region?

5 What well-known towns are there in the Tyumen Region?

4.2 Read the text through to be ready to do a few exercises after it.

The Tyumen Region

The Tyumen Region was formed on August 14, 1944, and it is one of Russia's largest regions. It has an area of 1.4 million sq.km, which is equivalent to the combined areas of Germany, France, Italy, and Great Britain. Centuries ago it was called “the gate of Siberia” because of its historical position and political meaning. Nowadays we may call the Tyumen Region “the gate of treasureland”.

The Tyumen Region is Russia's third-largest region in area and thirteenth largest in population. The population increased due to migration in the years when the oil and gas industry was forming and developing. It is also one of Russia's most multinational regions, with representatives of 125 nationalities. Russians form the largest group. The Regional capital Tyumen, with the population of over 500 000, is the Region's administrative, scientific and cultural centre. It is situated on the banks of the Tura River.

 The Tyumen Region occupies a large part of the West Siberian Plain and in fact divides Russia into two large territories: a western part consisting of the Urals and European Russia and an eastern, Asiatic part consisting of Siberia and the Far East. Extreme climatic conditions are characteristic of the Region. Nature in the Tyumen land is rich and varied, owing to the Region's location in different natural climatic zones: Arctic tundra in the Far North changes southward to typical tundra and forest tundra, then to taiga, and finally to forest-steppe and steppe in the south. The Region has a northern border on the Karsk Sea and has an extensive network of deep rivers, a large number of lakes. The Region's largest rivers, the Ob’ and Irtysh, are navigable. A large part of the Region is covered with forests. The Region also has considerable land resources, including more than 4 million hectares of agricultural land. Most of the arable land is concentrated in the southern part of the Region, where the climatic conditions allow the cultivation of grain, potatoes, staple vegetables, and feed crops.

 A new chapter of the history of the Tyumen Region began in 1964 with the "Discovery of the Century." Development of the oil and gas fields fundamentally changed the life in the Tyumen Region. New cities such as Surgut, Khanty-Mansiysk, Urengoi, Kogalym, Noyabr’sk arose. The Region's population increased many times. Hundreds of thousands of people arriving from all parts of the country to work out oil and gas fields formed a new generation. The Region became a second home for them and the birthplace of their children. The Region has a population of more than 3 million. People of working age make up a large percentage of the population. Today, the Tyumen Region is both the country's largest and one of the world's largest natural resource storehouses. In addition to oil and gas, the Region is famous for peat, sapropel, quartz sand, ceramic clays, limestone, building stones and mineral water. The main industrial centres are located in Tyumen and other towns of the Region. Oil and gas industry is the foundation of the Regional economy.

Forest and woodworking industries play an important role in the Region's development. Owing to the Region's extreme climatic conditions and far northern location, farmland occupies a small part of its territory. Livestock farms raise cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, horses, and poultry. Agricultural organizations in the autonomous districts specialize in the production of milk, eggs and greenhouse vegetables. Fishing and reindeer herding are traditional occupations of the native people. 

4.3 Match the words and word-combinations in A with their Russian equivalents in B:

A        B

1 migration      a) многонациональный

2. to be equivalent    b) значительный

3 treasureland     c) кладовая

4 arable       d) граница

5 to increase     e) место рождения

6 multinational      f) климатические условия

7 storehouse     g) поколение

8 considerable     h) местоположение

9 climatic conditions    I) северный олень

10 border      j) природные ресурсы

11 generation     k) сокровищница

12 birthplace     l) пространный, обширный

13 location      m) занимать место

14 extensive     n) домашний скот

15 natural resources    o) быть равным

16 livestock     p) увеличивать, возрастать

17 reindeer     q) пахотный

18 to occupy     r) переселение

4.4 Combine the words in A and B to form phrases:

A       B

1 to be equivalent to    a) a new generation

2 to increase     b) of smb’s children

3 multinational     c) the production

4 to form      d) region

5 considerable     e) of deep rivers and lakes

6 the birthplace     f) location

7 to be covered     g) land resources

8 to specialize in     h) natural resources

9 extensive network    i) the area

10 to be famous for    j) population

11 advantageous    k) with forests

4.5 Think over your own sentences with the words and word-combinations in activities 4.3, 4.4.

Model: The Tyumen Region is multinational.

4.6 Read the passages and number them in the correct order:

a)  But five more centuries were to pass before groups of brave men attracted by the abundance of fur-bearing animals built the first wooden fortresses at Tyumen, Tobolsk, Surgut, and elsewhere.

b)  This lowland area – in places it lays below sea level – is one of the most extensive and flattest in the world and forms the gate to Siberia. The green background of forest and swampland is shot through with the silver threads of rivers. On the vast territory it is possible to allocate four natural zones: tundra, forest, taiga and forest-steppe. This huge area includes among others the Tyumen and the Tomsk regions.

c)  This region was a remote province for many years, though the land was famed for its furs and fish. Nobody could imagine what huge seas of oil were concealed under this land of forest, lakes and marshes.

d)  Western Siberia occupies the huge expanse (area) between the Urals and the Yenisey River and extends from the dry steppes of Khazakhstan in the south to the cold shores of the Arctic Ocean in the north. With an area of 936,000 square miles, it is one of the largest natural regions of Russia.

e)  In ancient times the Russian merchants and Novgorod warriors who already stood at the doors of Siberia by the 11th century believed that they would find the legendary land of Lukomorye here, filled with fairy-tale riches.

   (from “Siberia: Epic of the Century”, by Vito Sansone)

4.7 Give the Russian equivalents for the following words and word-combinations:

the huge expanse, lowland area, extensive, flat, swampland, threads of rivers, merchants, warriors, the abundance of fur-bearing animals, wooden fortresses, to conceal, to be famed for, forest, lake, marsh, fairy-tale riches, legendary land, to be attracted by, huge seas, to conceal.

4.8 Read these statements about the Tyumen Region. Are they true or false?

1 The Tyumen Region is the largest one in Russia.

2 The Tyumen Region is a remote province.

3 The Tyumen Region extends from the Urals to the Far East.

4 The territory of Tyumen Region is mountainous.

5 The Tyumen Region is rich in natural resources.

6 The Tyumen Region is a hundred years old.

7 There are four natural zones in the Region.

4.9 Complete the following sentences:

1 The Tyumen Region was formed…..

2 Its area is equivalent to…..

3 The population increased due to…..

4 Western Siberia occupies…..

5 The brave men were attracted by…..

6 Nature in the Tyumen land is…..

7 The vast territory includes four natural zones, such as.….

8 The Region's largest rivers are…..

9 The Region is famous for…..

10 The foundation of the Regional economy is…..

4.10 Answer the following questions:

1 When was the Tyumen Region founded?

2 What is the territory of the Tyumen Region? (1,435,200 sq km)

3 Where is the Tyumen Region located?

4 What is the population number of the Tyumen Region? (about 3,270,000)

5 Why did the population of the Tyumen Region begin to increase?

6 What are the main natural resources of the Region?

7 When did a new chapter of the history of the Tyumen Region begin?

8 Why did the Tyumen Region start to develop?

9 What is the Tyumen Region nowadays?

10 What is the traditional occupation of the native people?

4.11 Prove that:

1 The Tyumen Region is one of the largest regions in the country.

2 The Region began to develop when the first deposits of oil and gas were found in the North.

3 The Tyumen Region is a multinational region.

4.12 Study the factfile (according to the statistics data of 2002):

Date of Foundation: August, 1944

The Tyumen Region is included into the Ural Federal Okrug and Western-Siberian Economic Region

Subdivisions: Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Boundaries: Kazakhstan, Komi Republic, Krasnoyarsky Krai, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, Omsk, Tomsk and Arkhangelsk Regions

Population Number: about 3,270,000 (the Tyumen Region)

   507,000 (Tyumen)

National Composition of Tyumen: Russians (82,38%), Tartars (8,07%), Ukrainians (1,66%), Germans (1,23%), Kazakhs (0,98%), Chuvashes (0,85%). Others (0,81%)

Major Towns: Tyumen (507,000 people), Surgut (275,300 people), Nizhnevartovsk (230,300 people), Tobolsk (97,800 people), Noyabr’sk (97,000 people), Novyi Urengoi (89,800 people), Ishym (62,300 people), Khanty-Mansiysk (36,900 people), Salekhard (32,900 people)

Major Rivers: the Irtysh, the Ob’, the Pur, the Taz, the Nadym

Natural Zones: tundra, taiga, forest, forest-steppe, steppe

Climate: continental

Annual Temperatures:  January: -17.6˚C (south), -23.1˚C (north)

     July: +22.5˚C (south), +13˚C (north)

Major Agricultural Products: Crops, beets, wheat, potatoes, barley, rye, oats, cabbage.

Cattle, deer, poultry, fur farming

Major Mined Products: Oil, natural gas, lignite, iron ore, building materials, (sand, clay, peat, diatomite), thermal springs, etc.

Major Oil-bearing Fields: Samotlor, Ust’-Balyk, Feodorovskoe, Mamontovskoe, Pravdinskoe, Solkinskoe, Var’eganskoe, Pokachevskoe, Kholmogorskoe

Major Gas-bearing Fields: Urengoiskoe, Yamburgskoe, Kharasaveiskoe, Vyngapurovskoe, Medvehz’e, Bovanenkovskoe

Major Industries: - Oil and gas extractive industry, machinery and metal-working industry, timber (wood) and woodworking industry, building materials industry, light industry, fishing industry

4.13  Speak about the Tyumen Region.

UNIT 5   MY NATIVE TOWN

5.1 Pre-text discussion:

1 Do you know how old Tyumen is?

2 When was Tyumen founded?

3 Is it your native town? How long have you been living here?

4 Where is the historical centre of Tyumen?

5 What place in Tyumen do you like more? Why?

5.2 Read through the text to be ready to do the exercises after it.

TYUMEN

1  Tyumen, the first Russian town in Siberia, was founded on July 29, in 1586. It is situated on the banks of the Tura River at the former place of the Tatar settlement Tchingy-Tura. The place on the high bank of the Tura River where the Tyumenka flows into it was chosen by voivodes Vasily Sukin and Ivan Myasnoy. It was a good idea to locate a fortified town where the landscape itself with rivers and deep ravines helped to protect Russian and Tatar settlers against nomad invasions. As the time went on, Tyumen became an essential point on the trade route to Central Asia, Persia and China, the centre of leather manufacturing, craftsmanship and agriculture. Since 1944, the city has been the administrative centre of the largest region in Russia. It is located in a picturesque area. Large tracts of pine forest surround Tyumen. The countryside, with its large lakes and hot springs, provide tourist sites for people to relax.

2  Nowadays Tyumen is a cultural, industrial and educational centre of Western Siberia with highly developed industry. Its plants are well known in Russia and abroad. There are also numerous Research Institutes, Oil and Gas Pipelines and Refineries. The introduction of new technologies and know-how in such branches of economy as wood-processing industry, chemical industry, food industry, textile industry allows Tyumen to be among the leaders on the domestic and foreign markets. Tyumen accounts for nearly 5% of the Region's total output, and most of the freight and passenger traffic passes through it. The industrial development of Tyumen began with the construction of the Trans-Siberian railway that connected the town with European Russia.

3  The four-century history of Tyumen is extremely interesting and instructive; it reflects the fate of Russia. Siberian architecture was strict and simple. About 70 buildings are registered as historical monuments; many of them are decorated with unique wood engraving. The first stone building in Tyumen was Troitsky (Trinity) Monastery erected by the decree of Peter the Great. Znamensky Cathedral is embodiment of Siberian Baroque style. It is still one of the most beautiful and famous churches in Russia. At the end of the 19th century the axis of the town was built up with two-storied brick houses. Many of them still exist in central streets and give us the idea of a typical merchants’ town.

4  A great number of higher educational establishments in Tyumen makes it possible to supply all branches of Regional economy with qualified and educated specialists. The town has three universities, different colleges, Agricultural, Medical, Military Academies, the Institute of Law, the International Institute of Economies and Law, the Institute of Culture and Art. Tyumen State University is the largest in the Region. Its graduates work in diverse branches of economy in our country and abroad.

5  The citizens of Tyumen are proud of their town and its history. The best way to see the town is to start with Historic Square. It’s a historic place because the Regional Museum of Local Studies is situated here. This museum has a rich collection of minerals, flora and fauna of the Tyumen Region. There is a war memorial with the Eternal Flame nearby. The Masharov Mansion Museum is located not far from the Square. There are many libraries, theatres, five magnificent Houses of Culture. Tyumen has the splendid House of National Cultures, situated on the picturesque banks of the Tura River. Our Puppet Theatre is popular all over Russia. The Drama Theatre and the reconstructed Concert Hall, named after Yuri Gulyaev, are in the centre of the city. Tyumen Concert Hall holds annual musical festivals in honour of our citizen, Alexander Alyabyev. Many famous singers and musicians have their concert-tours in Tyumen making cultural entertainment a real holiday for the people. Tyumen has a unique collection of masterpieces in its Picture Gallery. Many permanent exhibitions of Siberian national arts and skills attract tourists’ attention nowadays. There are numerous modern and reconstructed buildings and squares in Tyumen. They are: the International Trade Centre, large department stores and pedestrian boulevard in the very centre of the city. The names of many places in Tyumen eternize the memory of merchant Andrey Tekutyev who built a hospital, a theatre, a library, a church and many other things for the town.

6  The permanent multinational population of Tyumen is over 500 thousand. They work and live hand-in-hand with respect to their mutual historical and national traditions. Most of the Tyumen streets in the historical centre are narrow. Tyumen is a city of banks and supermarkets, a city of crowded streets with traffic jams, a city of students, a city of beautiful flowers in summer and enchanting illumination in winter. The whole city is under construction: old buildings are being restored and many new ones are being built. The citizens like the Sweethearts’ footbridge, new boulevard with fountains and small charming sculptures. Tyumen is both ancient and young, it confidently faces the future.

  1.  Combine the words in A and B to form phrases:

A      B

1 rush      a) building

2 traffic    b) life

3 night     c) rate

4 cost      d) hour

5 crime    e) park

6 shopping     f) of living

7 high-rise     g) jam

8 car      h) centre

9 polluted     i) street

10 noisy     j) air

5.4 Fill in the correct adjectives (a, b or c):

1 The most…..parts of Tyumen are in the centre of the city.

a) hectic   b) busting   c) picturesque

2 Tyumen is very…..at night because so many young people live there.

a) crowded   b) elegant    c) lively

3 Tyumen is one of the Region’s most…..towns.

 a) historic    b) magnificent  c) deserted

4 The city centre is quite…..at weekends.

 a) clean     b) shabby    c) hectic

5 The streets of the town are….., particularly in the rush-hour.

 a) spacious   b) animated   c) deserted

5.5 Say what are the best and the worst things about living in the city. Use the following word-combinations:

plenty of things to do    dirty and polluted air

many different shops    smoke and petrol fumes

lots of cinemas and theatres   to be crowded (full of people)

variety of sport centres     to be noisy

bus service and taxi rank    to be dangerous

health centres and chemists     to be stressful

traffic jam in the rush-hour

Model 1: The best thing about living Model 2: The worst thing

in a city is that there is lots of nightlife. about living in a city is that

 there are too many people everywhere.

5.6 Make a list of advantages and disadvantages of living in Tyumen. Give two columns. Use the following adjectives:

historic, noisy, crowded, fashionable, pleasant, enormous, elegant, picturesque, modern, crooked, expensive, cheap, striking, shabby, dangerous, attractive, smart, memorable, broad, clean, narrow, ugly, terrible, terrific, busy, colourful, colourless, unforgettable, spectacular, old, famous, successful, industrial, dirty, bad, beautiful, small, excellent.

Model: Advantages:    Disadvantages:

 full of history    busy streets

5.7 Say what features and facilities Tyumen has and hasn’t got.

Model: It has got a cathedral, but it has not got the Opera House.

5.8 Complete the dialogues in a suitable way. Fill in the gaps with the following words and word-combinations:

nightlife, wide range, commuters, cultural activities, cope, whatever (or anything), opportunities, cosmopolitan.

1 A: The town is full of people from different countries and cultures.

   B: Yes, it’s very…...

2 A: There are cinemas, theatres, museums, art galleries and everything.

   B: Yes, I know, there are lots of…...

3 A: There is a …... of shops.

   B: Oh yes, you can buy ..…. you want.

4 A: There is plenty to do in the evening.

   B: Yes, the …... is great.

5 A: There is a better chance of finding work.

   B: Yes, there are more job …..

6 A: The transport system has to ..… with the people who live in the country but work in town.

   B: Yes, I know, there are too many ….

Read the statements about the text. Are they true or false?

1 Due to its advantageous geographical location Tyumen developed rather quickly.

2 Modern Tyumen is a place of exile.

3 Tyumen is a gate to Siberia.

4 Tyumen is located on the right bank of the Tura River.

5 Nowadays Tyumen is a modern city, the centre of a large oil and gas-producing province.

6 There are three theatres in Tyumen: the Puppet Theatre, the Drama Theatre, the Comedy Theatre.

7 The best way to see the historic sights of Tyumen is to start with the monument to V. Lenin.

8 Many industrial enterprises are located in the suburbs of Tyumen.

9 Tyumen is an ancient town, more than five hundred years old.

10 The permanent population of Tyumen is 600 thousand.

11 The street traffic in Tyumen is not heavy.

Complete the following sentences:

1 Tyumen, the first Russian town in Siberia, was founded…..

2 It was a good idea to locate a fortified town…..

3 In 1944 the city became the…..

4 Nowadays Tyumen is…..

5 The industrial development of Tyumen began…..

6 The town has…..

7 Tyumen is a city of…..

8 The best way to see the town is…..

9 Tyumen is famous for…..

10 The citizens are proud of…..

Translate the following sentences into English:

1 Тюмень – это первый сибирский город.

2 Тюмень расположена на живописном берегу реки Туры.

3 Сейчас Тюмень – современный город, столица нефтегазодобывающего (oil-and-gas-bearing) региона.

4 В настоящие дни Тюмень – это город с высокоразвитой промышленностью.

5 В Тюмени находится большое количество высших учебных заведений.

6 Выпускники вузов работают в различных отраслях экономики нашей страны и за рубежом.

7 Жители Тюмени гордятся историей своего города.

8 Тюмень – культурный центр региона.

9 В Тюмени много библиотек, театров, музеев и новых красивых зданий.

Answer the following questions:

1 When was Tyumen founded? How old is it now?

2 Where is Tyumen situated?

3 Why was this place chosen by voivodes Sukin and Myasnoy?

4 When did Tyumen become the capital of the Region?

5 Why did Tyumen begin to develop?

6 What is the historic centre of the city?

7 What higher educational establishments do you know in Tyumen?

8 Can you name all famous places of interest in Tyumen?

9 What is the population of Tyumen?

10 Are you proud of your city? Why?

5.13 Speak about the city you live in.

Bibliography:

1 M.V. Gorskaya. English-Russian and Russian-English Geographical Dictionary. Russky Yasyk Publishers, Moscow, 1994.

2 R.R. Jordan. Academic Writing Course. Pearson Education Limited Edinburgh Gate, Harlow, 2002.

2 Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, 2005.

3 Michael McCarthy, Felicity O’Dell. English Vocabulary in Use. Upper-Intermediate. Cambridge University Press, 2004.

4 Oxford Minireference Dictionary and Thesaurus. Oxford University Press, 1996.

5 Stuart Redman. English Vocabulary in Use. Pre-intermediate and Intermediate. Cambridge University Press, 2004.

6 Тюмень университетская. Путеводитель по ТюмГУ. Изд-во ТюмГУ, 2005.


Ирина Дмитриевна Латфуллина

Елена Юрьевна Шутова

Елена Георгиевна Брунова

«The World Around Us»

Учебно-методическое пособие по разговорной практике

для студентов I-II курсов естественнонаучных факультетов

Подписано в печать    Тираж   зкз.

Объём 57 п.л.  Формат    Заказ №    

Издательство Тюменского государственного университета

625003, Тюмень, Семакова, 10.


language teaching centres

TSU

Innovation and Technology Centre

2 scientific research institutes

Multimedia Laboratory

Publishing House

Internet Educational Centre

Academic College

7 faculties

post graduate courses

 institutes

Information

Technology Centre

Facilities

hostels

5 sport halls

a swimming pool

Art Gallery

library

4 museums

students’ holiday centres

Students' Union

STAFF

technician

senior lecturer

lecturer

candidate of Science

professor

dean

director

rector

Students

full-time

postgraduate

part-time

undergraduate

ACADEMIC YEAR

vacations/ holidays

2 terms

lectures

practicals

seminars/discussion groups

TEACHING


 

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