94804

My Working Day

Конспект урока

Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

As he looks through the headlines there is nothing he likes better than his favourite breakfast of cornflakes with milk and sugar (porridge if he lives in the North), fried bacon and eggs, marmalade on toast and tea (with milk, of course) or coffee.

Английский

2015-09-17

168.5 KB

2 чел.

                                                                LESSON 6

                                    Topic: My Working Day 

TOPICAL VOCABULARY 

1

working day

рабочий день

2

meal

еда; принятие пищи

3

to have a meal

есть, поесть

4

to leave (left)

1) уходить, уезжать; отправляться

2) оставлять

5

event

случай, событие, происшествие

6

to stay

1) оставаться

2) останавливаться, жить, гостить где-либо

7

to watch

наблюдать, следить (за кем/чем-л.)

8

to watch TV (television)

смотреть телевизор

9

Watch the step! (coll)

Осторожно, ступенька!

10

to sit down to breakfast (work,

садиться, приниматься за завтрак

 

chess, one's lessons, etc)

(работу, шахматы, уроки и т.п.)

11

to look through a newspaper (book, letter, documents, etc)

просматривать газету (книгу, письмо,  документы и т.п.)

12

to be fond of smb/smth (doing smth)

любить кого-н./что-н.

13

to do the/one's gardening (shopping, cooking, etc)

заниматься садом (делать покупки, заниматься кулинарией и т.п.)

14

to be off (home, to bed, to work, etc)

отправляться (домой, спать, на работу и т.п.)

15

to have a lot of things to do

иметь очень много дел

16

to do (did, done)

делать, заниматься (чем-н.), выполнять

17

to do one's (homework, lessons, translation, task, exercises

выполнять (домашнее) задание, делать уроки, перевод, задание, упражнения

18

to do one's morning exercises

делать зарядку

19

to make (made)

делать, производить, приготовлять

20

to make a report

делать доклад

21

to make mistakes

делать ошибки

22

to make breakfast (tea, coffee, some salad, etc)

приготовить завтрак (заварить чай, кофе, приготовить салат и т.п.)

23

usual

обычный, обыкновенный

24

usually; as usual

обычно; как обычно

25

every

каждый, всякий

26

hardly ever

почти никогда

27

hardly

вряд ли, едва ли

28

ever

когда-либо

29

to prefer (coffee to tea)

предпочитать (кофе чаю)

30

to clean

чистить, очищать

31

to clean up

убирать, прибирать, наводить порядок

32

to comb one's hair

причесываться

33

to get (got)

1) получать; 2) доставать

34

to get up

вставать, подниматься

35

have got (coll.) - have

иметь

36

yet; but still

ещё; но всё ещё

37

to take smb. some time to do smth.

отнять (потребовать) у кого-нибудь какое-то количество времени на что-нибудь

38

to walk, to go on foot

ходить, идти (пешком)

39

a walk

прогулка

40

to go for a walk

идти гулять

41

to take smb. out (for a walk)

повести кого-л. на прогулку

42

right

сразу, как раз, прямо

43

right away

сейчас же

44

class

урок, занятие (в учебном заведении)

45

necessary

необходимый, нужный

46

far (a long way) from

далеко от

47

near

близко от, рядом с, недалеко от

48

a week-end

конец недели, время отдыха с субботы до понедельника

49

to last

продолжаться

50

at last (finally)

наконец-то

51

an hour

час

52

to receive (to get)

1) получать; 2) принимать (гостей, друзей и т.д.)

53

an article

1) статья; 2) артикль (грам.)

54

to discuss

обсуждать

55

discussion

обсуждение

56

to dress (to get dressed)

одеваться

57

to arrive (in/at)

прибывать, приезжать

58

to work hard at smth.

усердно (упорно, настойчиво) работать над чем-либо

59

to leave (left)

покидать, оставлять, уходить, уезжать

60

to return (to give back)

возвращать, вернуть

61

to return (to come/get back)

возвращаться

62

How long...?

Как долго... ? Сколько времени... ?

 

What time...?

Когда..., Во сколько..., В котором часу...?

63

to stop smth. (doing smth)

кончать, прекращать что-л. (делать что-л.)

64

as a rule

как правило

65

generally

обычно, как правило

66

to have dinner/to dine (supper, breakfast, lunch)

обедать (ужинать, завтракать)

67

to eat (ate, eaten)

есть (кушать)

68

to go to bed

ложиться спать

69

to be late for...

опаздывать куда-либо

70

seldom, rarely

редко

71

to be asleep Ant. to be awake

спать

72

to turn on (off) the light (gas, water, electricity, TV-set, radio, tape-recorder, lamp, etc.) Syn. switch on

включать (выключать) свет (газ, воду, электричество, телевизор, радио, магнитофон, лампу и т.д.)

73

to wash

мыть

74

to have a wash

мыться

75

to wash one's hair

мыть голову

76

to wash clothes (linen)

стирать одежду (бельё)

77

to wash up

мыть посуду

78

to dry (oneself) on (with) a towel

вытирать(ся) полотенцем

79

to brush one's clothes (shoes, teeth)

чистить (щёткой) одежду (ботинки, зубы)

80

to put smth. on

надевать что-либо

81

to take smth. off

снимать что-либо

82

to be over

кончиться

83

to be through with smth.

закончить что-либо

84

to repair

чинить

85

to be sure of smth.

быть уверенным в чем-либо

86

to have a look at smth.

взглянуть на что-либо

87

spare time

свободное время

88

to be short of time, to be pressed for time

иметь очень мало времени

89

on the way home

по пути домой

Some Good Rules 

1. Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

2. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.

3. After dinner sit a while, after supper walk a mile.

4. Lost time is never found again.

5. An hour in the morning is worth two in the evening.

6. The early bird catches the worm.

Text A. An Englishman's Diary 

(after Stephanie Andrews) 

An Englishman's day - and who can describe it better than an Englishman's wife? It begins when he sits down to breakfast with his morning newspaper.

As he looks through the headlines there is nothing he likes better than his favourite breakfast of cornflakes with milk and sugar (porridge if he lives in the North), fried bacon and eggs, marmalade on toast and tea (with milk, of course) or coffee.

He in fact gets such a meal if there is enough money in the family to buy it. After breakfast, except on Saturdays and Sundays which are holidays, he goes to work by train, tube, bus, car, motor scooter, motor bike or walks there. He leaves home at 7:30.

At offices or factories there is a tea or coffee break at eleven. Then at mid-day everything stops for lunch. Most offices and shops close for an hour from one to two. Englishmen are fond of good plain food, and they usually want to know what they eat. They like beefsteaks, chops, roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, fried fish and chipped potatoes.

There are usually two courses in the mid-day meal - a meat course with a lot of vegetables, a sweet dish, perhaps fruit pudding and custard with tea or coffee to finish.

Then back to work again with another break in the middle of the afternoon, once again for tea or coffee, sometimes with a cake or biscuit.

The working day finishes at any time between four and six. When an Englishman gets home he likes to inspect his garden before the evening meal: tea, high tea, dinner or supper. When his evening meal is over, the Englishman may do a little gardening and then have a walk to the "local" (the nearest beerhouse) for a "quick one" (a drink, alcoholic, of course!). There are a lot of people at the "local" and he can play darts, dominoes, billiards or discuss the weather, the local events or the current situation. But if the Englishman stays at home, he may listen to the radio, watch television, talk or read.

Then at any time between 10 and 12 he has his "nightcap" -- a drink with a snack - and then off to bed ready for tomorrow.

Text B. A Student's Day 

Paul: What time do you get up on week days?

Bob: I generally get up at seven o'clock.

Paul: Why so early?

Bob: Because I have a lot of things to do before I leave for the University.

Paul: Do you do your morning exercises regularly?

Bob: Yes, that's what I begin with as a rule. Then comes the usual procedure of

making my bed, washing and so on.

Paul: Do you take a bath every morning?

Bob: No, I don't. As a matter of fact, I hardly ever take a bath in the morning. I

prefer taking a shower. Then I clean my teeth, comb my hair and get dressed.

 Paul: Who makes your breakfast for you?

Bob: If my mother is not up yet I make my breakfast myself. If my mother is up, she does. After breakfast I usually help Mother to clean up.

 Paul: Good for you! That's what I call a model young man. And when do you leave home?

Bob: Generally at half past eight, as it takes me about twenty minutes to get to the

University.

 Paul: Do you walk to the University or do you take a trolley-bus?

Bob: I always take a trolley-bus in the morning. But after classes I sometimes walk

home.

Paul: You go home right after classes, don't you?

Bob: Sometimes I do, and sometimes I don't. If I can prepare for the next day's

classes at home, I go straight home. If I haven't got the necessary books and

journals at home, I go to the library.

EXERCISES 

1. a) answer the following questions: 

Text A: l. How does an Englishman's day begin? 2.What is his favourite breakfast? 3.When does he in fact get such a breakfast? 4.When does he leave home in the morning? 5.How does he get to his place of work? 6.How many breaks does he have during the working day? What are they for? 7.What does an Englishman usually have for his mid-day meal? 8.What food are the English fond of? 9.At what time does an Englishman finish work? 10.What does he like to do when he comes home from /. work? 11 .What sort of meal does he get in the evening? 12. What does an Englishman usually do in the evening? 13.What is a "local"? Why do people like to go there?14.How does an Englishman's day end?

Text B: l. When does Bob usually get up on weekdays? 2.Why does he get up so  early? 3.What does he do after he gets up? 4.Bob takes a bath every morning, doesn'the? 5.Who makes breakfast for him? 6.Does Bob help his mother to clean up after breakfast? 7. (At) what time does he leave home? 8.How long does it take him to get to the University? 9.Does he walk to the University or does he take a trolley-bus?/ 10.He goes home right after classes, doesn't he?

b) pick out words and phrases from Text A, and group them under the following headings: 

1. Meals. 2. Dishes. 3. Games. 4. Pastimes.

c) find the English for: 

Text А: утренняя газета; просматривать газетные заголовки; кроме суббот" и воскресенья; ехать на работу; идти пешком; во второй половине дня; где-то, между четырьмя и шестью; рабочий день; говорить о погоде; обсуждать текущие события.

Text В: вставать в семь часов утра; иметь много дел; делать зарядку; как правило; заправлять постель; принимать ванну (душ); чистить зубы; причесываться; сразу после занятий; идти прямо домой.

2. Read the dialogue: 

- Hello, Pat. You didn4 phone me yesterday.

- No, I didn't. I was very tired last night. -Why?

- I had such a busy day.

- Did you? What did you do?

- I woke up at 6 and went to the station to meet my mother-in-law.

- Why didn't your husband do that?

- He went to Paris on business.

- I see.

- Then we had breakfast. I left her at home and went to my office. I was 15 minutes late because I was in a hurry and a policeman stopped me. So it took me an hour to get to my work.

- Oh, my! I hope you didn't have much work at the office.

- Yes, I did. We had a long meeting in the morning, then I had a lot of visitors, and at the end of the working day I wrote some business letters.

- Did your daughter cook dinner for you?

- No, she didn't. She was busy at the University and came home very late.

- Poor thing! I hope you are not so busy tomorrow.

3. Match the following proverbs and their meanings: 

1. Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

a) The person who gets up early to work will be successful.

2. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do today.

b) To take a stroll is the best thing to do after having a meal.

3. After dinner sit a while, after supper walk a mile.

c) Carry out a task or duty as soon as you can, preferably today. If you leave it till tomorrow, it may never be done.

4. Lost time is never found again.

d) Early rising makes a man sound in a body and mind, and rich.

5. An hour in the morning is worth two in the evening.

e) The person who gets up early to work will be more successful than the one who gets up late and works late in the evening.

6. The early bird catches the worm.

f) Do everything in time.

4. Fill in the correct prepositions in the passage. 

Every weekday morning in Dick's life is the same. He wakes up ... 7 o'clock, gets ... bed, gets dressed and goes downstairs. He sits down at the table ... his breakfast and reads his newspaper. Then he leaves the house, walks down the road to the bus stop, and goes ... work ... bus. ... the bus, he always sits in the same seat,... the back. He gets off the bus outside his office and arrives ... work just as the clock strikes 9 o'clock. He never changes-he's been doing this ... years.

Is every weekday morning (evening) of yours the same? What do you do every morning (evening)? 

5. Complete the following description with for, during, by, until, at, in or on. 

Eleanor is a nurse who works the night shift. How does she manage? 

Well I finish work (1) ... 6.30 a.m. Then I go home, have a bath and try to be in bed (2) ... half past eight. (3) ... the same time as I'm getting ready for bed, Jeffrey, my husband, and our five-year-old daughter, Elaine, are getting up. Jeffrey takes her to nursery school. I usually sleep (4) ... about 3 o'clock (5) ... the afternoon. I have to be at the school (6) ... 3.30, to collect Elaine. We come home and I play with her, and try to get some housework done (7) .... the same time. When my husband comes home, we eat. If I'm lucky, I can relax (8) ... an hour before putting Elaine to bed.

Then I do some housework that didn't get done (9) ... the day. I allow plenty of time to get to the hospital' because if fm not there (10) ... time, another nurse will have to go on working (11) ... I arrive. I'm often very tired (12) ... the time I finish, but I don4 really mind. There's a special atmosphere in the hospital (13) ... night. And the hours suit us, (14) ... the moment, anyway.

I may want to work days when Elaine goes to a different school. Perhaps I'll be ready for a change (15) ... then.

6. Look at Paul's list of things to do. Describe his working day making use о the following time-table: 

Things to do

7.00

wake up & get up

7.00-7.30

wash & get dressed

7.30-8.00

have breakfast, wash the dishes

8.05

leave home for the University

8.20

come to the University

8.30-14.40

have classes

11.20-11.50

have lunch at the University canteen

14.40-15.30

go home from the University

16.00-16.40

have dinner & wash up

16.40-18.00

have a rest

18.00-18.30

do housework

18.30-20.30

do homework

20.30-23.00

go for a walk

23.00-24.00

 

watch TV or look through the journals or newspapers

24.00

wash & go to bed

7. Give the four forms of the following verbs: 

sit, be, get, buy, go, leave, stop, know, eat, come, do, have, play, read, drink, begin, make, take, write.

8. Use the verbs in the Past Indefinite Tense: 

1. She works at an office. 2. She usually walks to the University. 3.1 like my work. 4. My brother finishes school this year. 5. We want to buy a new house, 6. Every morning I look into the mirror, wash, shave and comb my hair. 7. Every day at 9 o'clock I open the door of my shop. 8. She shows her family album to her new friends.

B. 1. He gets up at six every morning, goes out, runs around the house three times for exercise, comes back, makes himself breakfast and has it. 2. His wife gets up at 8 o'clock, does her hair, has a cup of coffee, and takes the dog for a walk in the park.

9. Make these statements negative. Use the model: 

Model: I worked on Saturday. -- I didn't work on Saturday.

1. I got up very early. 2. I made breakfast. 3. I left the house at seven. 4. I came on time. 5. I saw her in the office. 6. Jane married Sam. 7. I passed my exam in English. 8. She showed me her new flat. 9. I did morning exercises today. 10. I liked my new boss.

10. Make up questions and give short answers. Use the model: 

Model: He came home at 6. -- Did he come home at 6?

-- Yes, he did.

-- No, he didn't.

1. I visited my friends in Scotland. 2. I leaned French at school. 3. He got a new job. 4. We moved to a new flat last month. 5. She needed money. 6. We liked his new car. 7. Their working day began at 9. 8. They sang their favourite songs. 9. The conference finished at 5. 10. He went to his club at night.

11. Complete the questions: 

1. ... did the alarm clock ring? 2. ... did you go after classes yesterday? 3. ... did he do when he came home from work? 4. ... did it take you to get here? 5. ... did we go to the cinema last? 6. ... did you spend your weekend? 7. ... did you have your lunch today? 8. ... didn't she come on time? 9. .:. met you at the station? 10. ... woke you up in the morning?

12. Use the verbs in the Past Indefinite Tense: 

I (to get up) very late yesterday. I (to look) out of the window and (to see) that the weather (to be) bad. So I (to think) for some time and (to decide) that I (to have) time to myself. Suddenly the telephone (to ring). I (to come) up to the telephone and (to take) the receiver. My Friend Nick (to call). He (to say) that it (to be) his day off and (to invite) me to his place. I (to spend) the whole day, there. First we (to talk) about our problems; then we (to watch) TV, there (to be) an interesting American film which we (to like), then we (to have) tea in the kitchen and (to talk) again. We (to listen) to some music and when I (to look) at the watch I (to see) that it (to be) 8 in the evening. I (to think) I must be off and (to say) goodbye to Nick. When I (to come) home my parents (to ask) me "You (to have) a good time?" "Yes," I (to answer), "I certainly (to do)." But I (to be) sorry, I (not to write) a single page on that day.

13. Translate into English: 

1. Когда вы обычно встаёте по утрам? - Ровно в 7. 2. По воскресеньям я часто хожу в кино или в театр. 3. Вечером я читаю книги, смотрю фильмы или слушаю музыку. 4. Мы ужинаем, как правило, в 7 часов. 5. Когда я прихожу

домой, я иду в ванную, открываю кран, мою руки и вытираю их полотенцем. 6. Вам надо проветрить спальню и подмести пол. 7. Как вы добираетесь в университет? - Автобусом. Но иногда приходится идти пешком. 8. Давай пойдем в парк! -- С удовольствием. 9. Сколько времени у тебя уходит на то, чтобы добраться на работу? -- Около получаса. 10. Что ты собираешься делать? - Я собираюсь писать доклад. 11. Я обычно хожу в университет пешком, так как он находится недалеко от нашего дома. 12. Вы часто бываете в театре? -Нет, редко. 13. Что вы делаете по вечерам? - Обычно бываем дома. Раз или два в неделю мы ходим на каток, встречаемся с друзьями и ходим в кино или в театр. 14. Ежедневно Том делает утреннюю зарядку. 15. После занятий Мария обычно делает домашнее задание. Иногда она ходит в библиотеку, где читает книги и просматривает газеты и журналы. 16. Вы ложитесь спать рано или поздно? - Мне приходится засиживаться поздно. 17. Вы всегда приходите вовремя на занятия? - Да. 18. Как вы проводите свободное время? -- С друзьями, иногда с родными.

14. Read the story and answer the questions: 

All's Well That Ends Well 

It was about midnight when the letter arrived (прибывать, приходить). It dropped through the letterbox at John's feet. John was about (собирался) to lock (запирать) the door for the night. He opened the door and looked outside; there was nobody anywhere about. He closed the door slowly and looked at the letter. Yes, the letter was for him. He opened it. Inside there was a single sheet of paper, and on it were the words, "In ten minutes you will be dead" (``Через 10 минут ты умрешь''), John hurried to the telephone, lifted the receiver arid dialed 999. There was no answer. He tried again, then he realized the phone didn't work. Was there any connection between the useless phone and the letter?

He decided to go to the call box down the road. John opened the door and listened for a few seconds. All was quiet. He looked once more at the letter. At that moment the doorbell rang and somebody touched him on the shoulder...

"John, John!" someone said, "It's time to get up." John turned over in bed and saw his wife looking at him. "That's the last time I eat much before I go to bed," he said.

Questions: 

1. When did the letter arrive?

2. What did John do?

3. What did the letter say?

4. Did the phone work?

5. Where did he decide to go?

6. Was there anybody outside?

7. Whom did John see at his bed?

8. Why is the story called "All Is Well That Ends Well"?

15. Read the story and retell it: 

A Day Off Work 

Last Wednesday morning Bill rang Mr. Thomson, his boss, at the office and said that he was not well. "All right," said his boss. "You may stay in bed today if you are not well." Mr. Thomson liked Bill very much. At lunch time he bought some fruit and took it to Bill. Bill thanked him and said he would be able to come the next day.

At 3 o'clock in the afternoon Mr. Thomson locked his office door and switched on his portable TV set. He wanted to watch an important international football match. It was England against Brazil. Both teams (команда) were playing well. It was very-exciting. At 3.20 England scored a goal (забить гол). Mr. Thomson jumped out of his chair. He was very excited. He was smiling happily. When suddenly the cameraman focused on the crowd, Mr. Thomson stopped smiling and looked very angry. Bill's face was there on the screen. He didn't look ill at all.

1). Describe the next morning at the office. Use the words: to praise (хвалить), to punish (наказать), to fire (уволить), to shout at (кричать на), to discuss. 


 

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  Стремительное развитие электроники и вычислительной техники оказалось предпосылкой для широкой автоматизации самых разнообразных процессов в промышленности, в научных исследованиях, в быту. Реализация этой предпосылки в значительной мере определялась возможностями устройств для получения...
83073. Теоретические аспекты мерчандайзинга на торговом предприятии 2.2 MB
  Система мерчандайзинга применяется как на малых торговых предприятиях так и больших таких как ОАО Магнит. В данной главе курсовой работы будет проанализирована маркетинговая деятельность а также рассмотрены все инструменты мерчандайзинга используемые в розничной сети Магнит города Оренбург.
83074. Документообіг залізничного транспорту 1.1 MB
  Вантажна і комерційна робота як виробнича сфера залізничного транспорту і як галузь експлуатаційної науки має свою більш як столітню історію розвитку. Вона займає важливе місце в експлуатаційній діяльності залізничних доріг і включає комплекс питань, пов’язаних з перевізним процесом...
83075. Правовые механизмы деятельности российских и зарубежных профсоюзных организаций 60.06 KB
  Для профсоюзов основной задачей является защита трудовых и иных социальных прав граждан во взаимоотношениях с теми или иными государственными органами работодателями и их объединениями. В силу указанного для профсоюзов очень важное значение будет иметь завершение процесса обретения полной...
83076. Решение задач по закону нормального распределения при помощи редактора электронных таблиц MS Excel 422.04 KB
  Курсовая работа на тему экспериментальный метод в методологии исследования. Данная работа включает в себя: 4 задачи по теории вероятности, 2 задачи по закону нормального распределения, задачу по системам массового обслуживания.
83077. ИЗМЕРЕНИЕ ТЕПЛОЕМКОСТИ ТЕЛ 101 KB
  При нагревании на датчике 3 установки через каждые 4 с выводятся значения напряжения и силы тока нагревателя, что позволяет определить мощность и количество теплоты, выделившейся на нагревателе. Установка запоминает значения температуры стакана и цилиндра через каждые 4 с, строит графики зависимости...
83078. Технологический процесс построения модели в MatLab 564.5 KB
  Задачи управления: стабилизация на заданном уровне, наблюдение (определение траектории движения, перемещения объекта), настройка параметров или экспериментальное управление (достижение минимальных и максимальных параметров, постоянных во времени), программное управление (обеспечение наперед заданного поведения объекта).