My Working Day. Типы вопросов. Порядок слов в английском предложении. Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий

Конспект урока

Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

On weekdays the alarm-clock wakes me up at 6.30 and my working day begins. I’m not an early riser, that’s why it’s very difficult for me to get out of bed, especially in winter. I switch on my tape-recorder and do my morning exercises. Then I go to the bathroom, take a warm shower, clean my teeth and shave.



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                                          LESSON 5

                       Topic: My Working Day

                         Grammar: 1.Типы вопросов.

                                                   2. Порядок слов в английском предложении.

                                                   3. Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий.


to be an early riser рано вставать


to do morning exercisesделать утреннюю зарядку

to get dressedодеваться

unfortunatelyк сожалению

to fail – не сдать, провалить (об экзаменах)

entrance examinationsвступительные экзамены

a companyкомпания

typewriting – машинопись

computing – работа на компьютере

besides – к тому же, кроме того

business organizationделопроизводство


to waste timeтерять время

to retell – пересказать

to come across – встретить, натолкнуться

to memorizeзапомнить

a flashcardкарточка

a fax message – сообщение по факсу

a partner – партнер

abroad – за границей

to answer a phone callответить на телефонный звонок

a breakперерыв

occasionally время от времени


             TEXT А.        «MY WORKING DAY»

      On weekdays the alarm-clock wakes me up at 6.30 and my working day begins. I’m not an early riser, that’s why it’s very difficult for me to get out of bed, especially in winter. I switch on my tape-recorder and do my morning exercises. Then I go to the bathroom, take a warm shower, clean my teeth and shave. After that I go to my bedroom to get dressed.

      Usually my mother makes breakfast for me. But when she is away on business or just doesn’t have to get up early, I make breakfast myself. While having breakfast, I listen to the latest news on the radio.

      I leave the house at 7.30 and go to the nearest underground station. Last year I tried to enter Moscow University, but unfortunately I failed my entrance examinations. So I thought I should work somewhere. It wasn’t easy to find a job, but I managed to get a position of a secretary in a small business company. They agreed to take me because I had studied typewriting, computing and business organization at school. And besides, I passed my English school-leaving exam with an excellent mark.

      It takes me an hour and a half to get to work. But I don’t want to waste my time on the train. I’ve got a small cassette-player and I listen to different texts and dialogues. Sometimes I read a book and retell it silently. If I come across an interesting expression I try to memorize it. I also write some English words on flashcards and learn them.

      I usually arrive at work at ten minutes to nine though my working day begins at 9 sharp. There are always some fax messages to translate from English into Russian. Sometimes my boss wants me to write a letter to our business partners abroad. There are also a lot of phone calls which I have to answer.

      At 1 o’clock in the afternoon we have lunch. We usually have lunch in a small café just round the corner. At 2 o’clock we come back to work. And we work hard till 5 o’clock.

      During the working day we also have several short coffee breaks. But sometimes we have no time for them.

      I come home at about 7 o’clock in the evening. My parents are usually at home, waiting for me. We have dinner together. Then we sit in the living room, drink tea, watch TV or just talk.

      Occasionally I have to stay at work till 6 or 7 o’clock in the evening. When we have a lot of things to do we go to work on Saturdays. So by the end of the week I get very tired. All I can do on Sundays is to sleep till eleven o’clock, watch television, listen to music and read something in English.

      And still I always look forward to my next working day because I like my job. I think I get a lot of useful experience.


  1.  Do you get up early? Is it easy for you to get up early?
  2.  Do you wake up yourself or does an alarm-clock wake you up?
  3.  Do you do morning exercises? Do you do your morning exercises to music?
  4.  Which do you prefer: a hot or a cold shower in the morning?
  5.  How long does it take you to get dressed?
  6.  What do you usually have for breakfast?
  7.  Some people look through newspapers or listen to the latest news on the radio while having breakfast. What about you?
  8.  When do you usually leave the house?
  9.  Do you work? Where do you work?
  10.   What do you usually do on your way to work (school, etc.)?
  11.   Where do you usually have lunch (dinner)?
  12.   Do you ever have a nap (вздремнуть) in the afternoon?
  13.   What time do you come home?
  14.   How do you spend your evenings?
  15.   What time do you usually go to bed?

   TEXT В.            « My Working Day»

      On weekdays the alarm-clock wakes me up at 7.30 and my working day begins. I’m not an early riser, that’s why it’s very difficult for me to get out of bed, especially in winter. I open the window to let the fresh morning air in, switch on my music centre and do my morning exercises to the music. Then I go to the bathroom, take a warm shower, clean my teeth and dry myself on the towel. After that I go to my bedroom, do my bed and get dressed.

      Usually my mother makes breakfast for me. But when she is away on business or just doesn’t have to get up early, I make breakfast myself. While having breakfast, I listen to the latest news on the television.

      I leave the house at 8 and go to the nearest bus stop. But very often I go to the University on foot with some of my fellow students, as it is not far from our house. It doesn’t take me long to get there.

      I am a full-time student of the Day Department of the University. We have 3 or 4 classes a day. Our classes last for an hour and a half, as a rule. I’m proud of the fact that very good and famous professors teach at our University. Most of our lectures are very interesting and we don’t notice how the time flies. But unfortunately sometimes they are too boring and we can hardly stand them. Besides all different subjects, we have English classes as well. We have two (four) English lessons a week. I have to spend much time in the reading-room of our library to get ready for the next day classes. It is not so easy to study at the University but I feel great satisfaction when I think of the future. At 3 o’clock I leave the University for home. At home I have my dinner first. After dinner I have a short rest: I listen to my favourite music, read books or just watch TV. Then I sit to my desk in the study and start doing my homework for the next day classes. It takes me much time to do it, you know.

      In the evening when my parents come home from work, their supper is usually ready and tea is hot. I get it ready for them. We have our supper together. Then we sit in the living-room, talk to each other, discuss our problems and try to help everybody. At that time we usually sum up the results of the day and think of our plans for the future.

      Sometimes I go for a walk with my friends when my homework is done. Very often we go to the Volga embankment. It is our favourite place in the city. We walk there, sometimes we sit on a bench and talk and enjoy a lovely view on the river. It is especially pleasant to walk there in autumn and in summer.

      Occasionally I have to stay at the University till 6 or 7 o’clock in the evening. When I have a lot of things to do, I go to the library, laboratory or our computer centre to work. We often have to write different tasks, tests and make reports on different topics. But it is very interesting. They say “No pain no gain”. I fully agree with that saying, because to my mind if a person wants to succeed in something he must work hard.

      So as you see, I am very busy especially during the examinations. It is a very hard time for all students, you know. But after the exams are over we are happy to have our holidays. It is a real enjoyment and time for our hobbies and interests.

      All the same I can say that I like being a student.

      As for the bedtime, I can’t say that I always go to bed at the same time. It depends on the things I have to do. Of course on weekdays I go to bed late at night, but at weekends my usual bedtime is 11 o’clock as I want to have a good sleep before starting a new week of studies.


  1.  Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий.
  2.   Порядок слов в английском предложении.
  3.  Типы вопросов.

1. Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий

1. Односложные (и некоторые двусложные) прилагательные и наречия образуют сравнительную степень путем прибавления суффикса -еr, превосходную путем прибавления суффикса -est:

high — higher — the highest (высокий — выше — самый высокий),

big — bigger — the biggest (большой — больше — самый большой).

Прилагательные и наречия, оканчивающиеся на -у, меняют окончание на -ier и -iest.

Конечная согласная у односложных прилагательных и наречий удваивается.

Например: happy — happier — the happiest. hot — hotter — the hottest

2. Многосложные прилагательные и наречия, оканчивающиеся на -1у, образуют

сравнительную степень путем прибавления слов more (less),

превосходную путем прибавления слов most (least)

interesting — more (less) interesting — most (least) interesting,

easily — more (less) easily — most (least) easily.

3. Ряд прилагательных и наречий являются исключениями:

good, well (хороший, хорошо) — better (лучше) — the best (самый хороший),

bad (плохой) — worse (хуже) — the worst (самый плохой)

little (маленький, мало) — less (меньше) — the least (наименьший)

many (much) — more — the most

far — farther (further) — the farthest (furthest)

Существительное, определяемое прилагательным в превосходной степени, всегда имеет определенный артикль: the largest building.

Exercise 2.5. Make up comparative and superlative forms of the listed below adjectives (прилагательные) and adverbs (наречия):

1. large, tall, long, easy, hot, big, cold, nice, bad, strong, short, wide, good, happy, high, low, busy, well, little, many, far.

2. wonderful, necessary, quickly, interesting, comfortable, popular, active, famous, pleasant, beautiful, slowly, clearly.

Exercise 2.6. Open the brackets using the right form of adjectives:

1. Winter is (cold) season of the year. 2. Moscow is (large) than St. Petersburg. 3. Which is (long) day of the year? 4. The Alps are (high) mountains in Europe. 5. Even (long) day has an end. 6. It is one of (important) questions of our conference. 7. Your English is (good) now. 8. Who knows him (well) than you? 9. We have (little) interest in this work than you. 10. Health is (good) than wealth. 11. Your son worked (well) of all. 12. Today you worked (slowly) than usually.

Exercise 2.7. Translate the sentences:

1. This book is not so interesting as that one. 2. The Baltic Sea is not so warm as the Black Sea. 3. The more you read, the more you know. 4. My brother is not as tall as you are. 5. The earlier you get up, the more you can do. 6. Today the wind is as strong as it was yesterday. 7. Your room is as light as mine. 8. John knows Russian as well as English. 9. Mary is not so lazy as her brother. 10. The longer the night is, the shorter the day. 11. The less people think, the more they talk.

Exercise 2.8. Translate the sentences:

1. Лев Толстой — один из самых популярных писателей в мире.

2. Этот роман интереснее, чем тот.

3. Ваш дом выше нашего? Нет, он такой же высокий, как и ваш.

4. Это — самая прекрасная картина во всей коллекции.

5. Население Российской Федерации больше населения Великобритании.

6. Он выполнил работу быстрее, чем вы.

7. Австралия — одна из наименее населенных стран.

8. Его работа лучше вашей, но работа Анны — самая лучшая.

9. Россия — самая большая страна в мире.

10. Я живу не так далеко от института, как мой друг.

11. В июле столько же дней, сколько и в августе.

12. Самолет быстрее, чем поезд.

§ 2. Порядок слов в английском предложении

В английском предложении каждый член предложения, как правило, имеет свое определенное место. Так, в простом распространенном повествовательном предложении на первом месте стоит

1) подлежащее, за ним следует

2) сказуемое, далее идет

3) дополнение (беспредложное, прямое, предложное) и затем

4) обстоятельства (образа действия, места, времени).

Например: 1) I 2) gave 3) my brother 3) a book 4) yesterday.

Exercise 2.9. Build the sentences from the words:

a) Is, best, she, friend, my.

b) Learn, different, students, our, subjects.

c) The, is, Russia, the, in, country, largest, world.

d) In, the, we, city, live, a, flat, in, of, center, the.

e) Reading, is, my, of, best, son's, fond, friend.

§ 3. Основные типы вопросов, используемые в английском языке

1. Общий вопрос

Общий вопрос относится ко всему предложению в целом, и ответом на него будут слова yes или по:

Do you like ice-cream? — Yes, I do.

Can you speak English? — Yes, I can.

Are you a schoolboy? — No, I am not.

Have you bought a text book? — Yes, I have.

Порядок слов в общем вопросе

1) вспомогательный глагол (модальный, глагол-связка),

2) подлежащее (существительное или местоимение),

3) смысловой глагол (или дополнение).

2. Специальный вопрос

Специальный вопрос относится к какому-нибудь члену предложения или их группе и требует конкретного ответа:

What is your name? My name is Peter.

Where do you live? I live in Rostov.

Порядок слов в специальном вопросе

1) вопросительное слово (what, where, who, when, how и т.д.),

2) вспомогательный глагол (модальный, глагол-связка),

3) подлежащее,

4) смысловой глагол,

5) дополнения,

6) обстоятельства (места, времени, образа действия и т.д.).

В специальных вопросах, обращенных к подлежащему в Present и Past Indefinite, не употребляется вспомогательный глагол do (did) и сохраняется прямой порядок слов:

Who wants to go to the cinema? Who lives in this house?

3. Альтернативный вопрос

Альтернативный вопрос предполагает выбор из двух возможностей:

Do you like coffee or tea? Вы любите кофе или чай?

Альтернативный вопрос начинается как общий вопрос, затем следует разделительный союз or и вторая часть вопроса.

4. Разделительный вопрос (Tail Question)

Разделительный вопрос состоит из двух частей. Первая часть — это повествовательное предложение (утвердительное или отрицательное), вторая, отделенная запятой от первой — краткий вопрос (tail «хвостик»):

You are a pupil, aren't you? Вы ученик, не правда ли?

Если в повествовательной части разделительного вопроса содержится утверждение, то во второй — отрицание. Если в повествовательной части — отрицание, то во второй части, как правило, — утверждение:

You are a student, aren't you?

You don't go to school every day, do you?

Exercise 2.10. Read and translate into English:

1. She is a student.

Is she a student?

Yes, she is. / No, she isn't.

2. He speaks English well.

Does he speak English well?

Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't.

3. They have many books.

— Have they many books?

— Yes, they have. / No, they haven't.

4. The weather was fine yesterday.

— Was the weather fine yesterday?

— Yes, it was. / No, it wasn't.

5. We saw a new film yesterday.

— Did we see a new film yesterday?

— Yes, we did. / No, we didn't.

6. You can read well.

— Can you read well?

— Yes, you can. / No, you can't.

7. There will be five lessons tomorrow.

— Will there be five lessons tomorrow?

—Yes, there will. / No, there will not (won't).

Exercise 2.11. Put the questions to the following sentences:

1. общие

2. специальные

3. разделительные

1. There is a book on the table. 2. He must work hard today. 3. We are leaving for Moscow next week. 4. We were reading the whole evening. 5. They don't go to work on Sunday. 6. It is not cold today. 7. Ann has already begun to read a new book. 8. We learn English at school. 9. They will show you how to get there. 10. They finished the translation before the end of the lesson. 11. I didn't feel well that evening. 12. It wasn't difficult to do this task.

Exercise 2.12. Read and translate the sentences:.

1. Our family lives in a three-room flat.

— Does your family live in a three-room flat or in a house?

It lives in a three-room flat.

2. They went to the same school.                           

— Did they go to the same school or to different schools?

— They went to the same school.

3. He will read this book tomorrow.

— Will he read this text tomorrow or next week?

— He will read it tomorrow.

4. They are playing chess now.

— Are they playing chess or cards now?

— They are playing chess.

5. Our teacher has told us to write.

— Has our teacher told us to write or to read?

— He has told us to write.

Exercise 2.13. Translate the sentences into English:

1. Вам нравится больше английский язык или французский?

2. Он живет в Ростове или в области?

3. Она его младшая или старшая сестра?

4. Студенты уже сдали экзамены или нет?

5. Петровы поедут летом на юг или на север?

6. Ваш друг учится в академии или в университете?

7. Он знает ее лучше или вы?

Exercise 2.14. Write down alternative questions to the following sentences:

1. Our teacher knows several foreign languages. 2. He has graduated from our University last year. 3. We shall go to Samara next week. 4. They are working in our garden. 5. I have just read this book. 6. I took this book from my friend. 7. He likes reading books. 8. She has many relatives abroad. 9. They were in many countries. 10. Russia is the largest country in the world.



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