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Climate and Weather

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Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

Climate is the weather a certain place has over a long period of time. Climate has a very important influence on plants animals and humans and is different in different parts of the world. But recently climate has changed a lot all around the world. Scientists admit that climate is becoming hotter because of the greenhouse effect.

Английский

2015-09-17

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Climate and Weather

  1.  Weather is a state of the atmosphere at a particular place during a short period of time. It involves such phenomena as temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind, cloud cover. Weather has a great influence on man, his settlements, food production and personal comfort. Extremes of temperature and humidity cause discomfort and lead to transmission of disease, heavy rain can cause flooding, storms destroy crops and buildings, they can even kill or injure people.
    Climate is the weather a certain place has over a long period of time. Climate has a very important influence on plants, animals and humans and is different in different parts of the world. It’s made up of the average summer and winter temperature, the winds direction, the amount of sunshine and other patterns.
  2.  But recently climate has changed a lot all around the world. Scientists admit that climate is becoming hotter because of the greenhouse effect. Sunlight gives us heat. Some of the heat warms the atmosphere, and some of the heat goes back into space, but not all because of carbon dioxide produced by people. This gas in the atmosphere works like glass in a greenhouse. It doesn’t let much heat get out. So the atmosphere becomes warmer. It causes the changes in the climate in different regions of the world.

Acid rain and deforestation are major contributors to climate change, as well as the process of ozone depletion. The ozone layer helps to protect the earth from the sun’s radiation, which can be the cause of many dangerous diseases. The holes in the ozone layer are caused by CFCs used by people in fridges, aerosol cans and some plastic.

Cutting down forests and polluting the atmosphere we do great harm to our fragile planet.
Climate change means much more than higher temperature. It means an increase in average global temperatures; changing rainfall patterns brings more droughts to some regions but more floods to others.
Many plants and animals face extinction. There are more hurricanes in tropics and more wind storms, floods in Europe. It’s vital to preserve the environment from the serious risk of climate change, but the longer people delay – the more extreme that action will have to be.
So we can say that people are those who cause that dangerous processes in the climate and can stop it.


 

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