94915

Английский для юристов. Учебное пособие

Книга

Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

Edward Coke was an army officer but he is in prison now. It is winter now and Coke and all the other men get up at six it is still cold and dark. Some of the men work in the prison factory but Coke often works outside. Coke usually reads after dinner until 9.

Английский

2015-09-18

1.12 MB

5 чел.

ББК 81.2 Англ.

З 31

Зеликман А. Я.

З 31    Английский для юристов. Учебное пособие. Ростов н/Д: изд-во «Феникс», 1999.—352 с.

Пособие является основной частью учебно-методического комплекса, предназначенного для обучения английскому языку студентов юридических институтов и факультетов. Рассчитано на 90—120 часов аудиторных занятий.

ISBN 5-222-00663-8

ББК 81.2 Англ.

© А. Я. Зеликман, 1999

© Оформление, изд-во «Феникс», 1999

ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ

Настоящее пособие является основной частью учебно-методического комплекса, предназначенного для обучения английскому языку студентов юридических институтов и факультетов.

Ряд материалов пособия дает возможность частично использовать его и на других гуманитарных факультетах.

Пособие построено на принципе взаимосвязанного обучения видам речевой деятельности на профессионально ориентированном материале.

Содержание лексического и грамматического материала соответствует требованиям программы но английскому языку для гуманитарных факультетов университетов.

Пособие рассчитано примерно на 90 —120 часов аудиторных занятий (в зависимости от уровня подготовки студентов).

Структура пособия

Пособие включает 18 уроков и краткий грамматический справочник.

Тексты для изучающего чтения 1—3 уроков отражают такие темы, как: биография, семья, жизнь студента, учебное заведение. Тексты всех остальных уроков тематически связаны со специальными предметами, изучаемыми на юридическом факультете. Все тексты раздела для изучающего чтения связаны одной сюжетной линией и одними и теми же действующими лицами.

Краткий грамматический справочник включает поурочное объяснение правил словообразования и грамматических явлений, сводную таблицу временных форм глагола.

Структура урока

Каждый урок начинается с перечисления фонетического и лексико-грамматического материала и состоит из 8 разделов: фонетического (Sound Right), словообразовательного (Word-building), изучающего чтения (Full Understanding), практики общения (Practice in Communication), ознакомительного чтения (General Understanding), просмотрового чтения (Scanning Practice), аудирования (Listening Practice) и дополнительного (Time for Fun).

Методическая записка

Каждый урок рассчитан на прохождение в течение 5—7 часов. Последовательность прохождения разделов может выбираться по усмотрению преподавателя. Однако рекомендуется соблюдать последовательность выполнения упражнений внутри каждого раздела.

Каждый раздел имеет свою специфику. Так, упражнения первого раздела, предназначенного для развития фонетических навыков, могут выполняться как повторение за преподавателем и с помощью фонозаписи.

Упражнения второго раздела следует выполнять после объяснения значений соответствующих суффиксов и префиксов.

Почти все упражнения третьего раздела мотивационно обусловлены, что выражается в ситуационном характере как лексических, так и грамматических заданий. Большинство упражнений данного раздела предусматривают выход в устную коммуникацию. Ряд упражнений (например, по переводу) может выполняться письменно по усмотрению преподавателя. Некоторые упражнения предусматривается выполнять в форме игр-соревнований между студентами.

Ряд упражнений в каждом уроке предназначен для самостоятельной работы студентов. Эти упражнения помечены знаком*.

Диалоги, данные в четвертом разделе, рекомендуется заучивать наизусть.

Тексты для ознакомительного чтения представляют собой разбитый на 18 эпизодов (по количеству уроков) остросюжетный рассказ «The man who Escaped». Задания к текстам этого и следующего раздела позволяют развивать умения и навыки ознакомительного и просмотрового чтения. Тексты даны с нарастанием сложности. Все тексты шестого раздела профессионально ориентированы и представляют собой фабульные рассказы или газетные статьи. Для измерения скорости просмотрового чтения после каждого текста дается количество слов, встречающихся в нем.

Раздел для аудирования предполагает использование звукового приложения к учебнику.

Последний раздел включает шутки, загадки, кроссворды и т. д.

В группах с углубленным изучением английского языка рекомендуется прохождение материала в полном объеме, обычные группы могут использовать материал выборочно (кроме третьего раздела, который следует проходить полностью) в зависимости от степени подготовленности группы. Возможно творческое переосмысление данных и добавление новых заданий в зависимости от методического опыта преподавателя и подготовленности группы.

Неизменным условием работы сданным пособием является атмосфера доброжелательности, доверия, сотрудничества между преподавателем и студентами.

UNIT 1

Фонетика: sound [i:]

Словообразование: суффикс существительного -еr

Грамматика: притяжательный падеж, побудительные предложения, количественные и порядковые числительные, множественное число существительных, глагол to be и его формы, порядок слов английского предложения

Текст: «Meet my Friends»

Практика устной речи: Greetings

 1.1. Sound right

1.1.1. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте за диктором:

see seed   seat    feel being  beef-tea

fee feed   feet    field seeing  sea-captain

be  bead   beat   meal evening knee-deep

he  heed   heat   reel eager  sea-coast

pea peas   peace wheel easy  beam-ends

knee knees niece  zeal teacher  sea-breeze

1.1.2. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте:

1. Pleased to meet you.

2. Please be seated.

3. A pea for a bean.

4. Extremes meet.

5. Greek meets Greek.

6. Pete eats chiefly meat.

7. Steve is eager to please the teacher.

8. How about meeting my people at three?

9. The teacher has every reason to be displeased.

10. My niece feels seedy.

11. It's extremely sweet of Lea.

12. He speaks Chinese and Japanese with equal ease.

1.1.3.  Слушайте, смотрите. Обратите внимание на произношение звука [] как в слове tea.

I

1. Can you read tealeaves, Peter?

2. I can read yours, Eve.

1. What can you see?

2. I can see the beach and the sea and two people - Eve and Peter.

1. Can't you see three?

2. No, Eve. Just you and me. I can't see aunt Frieda at all.

II

1. These feet are in a terrible condition. They need treatment.

2. I agree, doctor. My feet do need treatment.

1. The treatment for these feet is to eat lots of green vegetables. But don't eat meat for at least a week.

2. No meat, doctor?

1. I repeat: You must not eat meat for at least a week.

2. But I do eat green vegetables, doctor. And don't eat meat at all.

1. Then you don't seem to need the treatment.

2. But doctor, my feet...

1. Next person, please!

1.1.4. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте. Обращайте внимание на интонацию (см. 1.1.3).

1.1.5. Прочитайте диалоги в парах (см. 1.1.3).

1.1.6. Постарайтесь прочитать скороговорку как можно быстрее:

A sailor went to sea.

To see what he could see.

And all he could see,

Was sea, sea, sea.

1.2. Word-building

1.2.1. Дайте русские эквиваленты следующих слов:

sleeper, adviser, dreamer, lawyer, teacher, climber, drinker, singer, thinker, hatter.

1.2.2. Закончите следующие предложения:

1. A person who lives on an island is called...

2. A man or a woman who delivers a lecture is called...

3. A person who eats a great deal is called a heavy...

4. A man who climbs a mountain or a tree is called...

5. A person who likes to joke is called...

6. A man who teaches you English is called...

7. If you loose the game you are called...

8. A person who lives in a village is called...

9. A person who calls on you early in the morning is an early...

10. That who listens is called...

11. That who drives a car is called...

1.2.3. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Are you a good dancer?

2. Are you a smoker?

3. Are you a heavy sleeper?

4. Who's an early riser in your family?

5. What famous thinkers do you know?

6. Who's the founder of Moscow University?

7. Do you know what a thriller is?

8. Is your friend a great talker?

1.3. Full understanding

1.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

student, university, secretary ['sekrtr], park, college ['kld], Russian, American, English, London, New York.

*1.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New vocabulary:

law [l] - право

law student — студент-правовед

a lawyer [lj]— юрист

to be busy [bz] - быть занятым

court [kt]—суд

studies — занятия 

School vocabulary:

to be happy, easy, to let, state (adj.), to look at, work (n.), life, teacher, (girl)-friend, man, name, very.

Proper names:

Steve King; Jane Snow.

* 1.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Meet my friends

Hello! Let me introduce myself.1 My name's Pete Sokolov. I'm 19. I'm a law student of Rostov State University. I'm a first year student and this is my first day of studies. I'm happy.

Look at this girl. Her name's Nell Pavlova. She's Pete's girl-friend. She's 18 but she's not a student. She's a secretary at the court. She's very pretty. She's not at work now. She's in the park with Pete. They're happy!

Let's look at this man. His name's Steve King. Is he Russian? No, he isn't. He's English. Is he a student? No, he isn't. He's a lawyer in London. He's 30. He's very busy.

He isn't very happy

Hi!2 My name's Jane Snow. I'm an American. I'm 25. And I'm a teacher at the college in New York. A teacher's life isn't easy! Oh, no!

Notes:  1. Let me introduce myself – Позвольте представиться.

2. Hi! (amer.) = Hello!

1.3.4. Соедините слова в сочетания и переведите их:

Model: friend, Jane—Jane's friend.

1. girl-friend, Pete.

2. office, Steve.

3. life, teacher.

4. work, Nell Pavlova.

5. college, Jane Snow.

6. seven green pens, Pete.

7. pens, secretaries.

8. studies, students.

9. books, lawyers.

*1.3.5. Скажите по-английски:

ручка Стива, жизнь студента, работа юриста, книга Нелли, стол секретаря, пять учителей

Петра Соколова, подружка Джейн Сноу, секретарь Стива.

1.3.6. Представьте этих людей своим друзьям:

Model: Meet Ann!

Pete Sokolov, Nell Pavlova, Steve King, Jane Snow.

1.3.7. Представьте своих товарищей по группе вашему преподавателю.

1.3.8. Предложите вашему товарищу сделать следующее:

Model: Let's meet Ann.

1. Встретить Петра (Нелли, Стива, Джейн).

2. Взглянуть на книгу (картину, девушку).

3. Пойти в университет (суд, к учителю, юристу).

1.3.9. Попросите у вашего преподавателя разрешение сделать следующее:

Model: Let me (do this).

1. Представить Нелли.

2. Встретить Стива.

3. Взглянуть на книгу.

4. Познакомиться с Джейн.

5. Пойти в суд.

1.3.10. Ваш преподаватель просит вас что-либо сделать, но вам не хочется. Вы предлагаете, чтобы кто-нибудь другой сделал это.

 Model: Т. Bring some chalk.

 S. Let Pete bring it.  

1. Answer my questions. 2. Read the text. 3. Meet this girl. 4. Buy tickets. 5. Sing a song. 6. See your dean.

1.3.11. Запретите вашему товарищу делать следующее или скажите, что вам обоим не стоит этого делать.

 Model: Don't go there!

Let's not go there!

1. Read the book! 2. Meet this girl! 3. Look at this picture! 4. Go to the college!

*1.3.12. Скажите по-английски:

1. Знакомьтесь — Стив Кинг! 2. Познакомьтесь  с Нелли. 3. Посмотрите на эту девушку. Ее зовут Джейн Сноу. 4. Давайте встретим Петра.  5. Разрешите подумать... 6. Пусть Нелли  прочитает эту книгу. 7. Не позволяйте Петру  встречать Нелли. 8. Не позволяйте Стиву  петь! 9. Давайте не слушать Стива!

1.3.13. Ваш друг едет в другой город. Дайте ему  номера телефонов ваших друзей в этом городе. Вот они: 575 9681; 989 7965; 452 7516.

1.3.14. Ваши друзья интересуются, когда вы родились. Сообщите им дату вашего рождения.

1.3.15. Поставьте следующие существительные во множественном числе:

hobby, lobby, eye, boy, size, boss, dish, miss, wife, knife, man, woman, child.

1.3.16. Составьте предложения, используя глагол to be и следующие слова:

1. Miss Dene, in bed. 2. She, hot. 3. She, ill. 4. She, so sleepy. 5. Mr King, in the room. 6. He, Miss Dene's friend. 7. They, not happy.

* 1.3.17. Скажите по-английски:

1. Петру не 16. Ему 19. 2. Он не школьник. Он студент-первокурсник. 3. Нелли не студентка. 4. Она не на работе. Она в парке с Петром. 5. Стив не русский. Он англичанин. 6. Он не студент. Он юрист. 7. Он не очень занят сейчас. 8. Джейн не англичанка. Она американка. 9. Работа Джейн не легка.

1.3.18. Вы хотите уточнить следующие положения. Задайте вопросы своим товарищам.

Model: Nell is a secretary. Is Nell a secretary?

1. Pete is still at the University. 2. Nell and Pete are happy. 3. Steve is busy. 4. Jane is a teacher. 5. Pete's a first-year student. 6. Nell's Pete's girlfriend.

* 1.3.19. Скажите по-английски:

1. Давайте навестим Нелли. Она дома? — Нет, она сейчас на работе. 2. Стив американец? — Нет, он англичанин. 3. Джейн в Нью-Йорке? — Да. 4. Петр занят? — Нет. — Пусть почитает. 5. Стив учитель? — Нет, он юрист. 6. Секретарша Стива очень хорошенькая. — Разрешите мне взглянуть на нее. 7. Разве Джейн не англичанка? — Нет. 8. Разве Петр не студент? — Студент. 9. А разве Нелли не подружка Петра? — Да, подружка. 10. А Стив не студент? — Нет.

* 1.3.20. Расскажите вашим друзьям все, что вы знаете о:

а) Петре Соколове;

б) Джейн Сноу.

* 1.3.21. Представьте, что вы:

а) Нелли Павлова;

б) Стив Кинг.

Расскажите о себе.

 1.4. Practice in communication  

(Greetings)

* 1.4.1. Прочитайте и выучите:

А

Ways of greeting and saying good-bye

1. Hello!

2. (Good) morning.

3. How are you?

4. Hi! (amer.)

5. How are things?

6. How's life?

7. Good bye.

8. Bye (bye-bye).

9. See you (later, soon, etc.)

10. Nice to see you.

В

Ways of responding to greetings and farewells

1. Fine, thanks. How are you?

2. Fine/OK.

3. Very well (indeed)/Quite well (really).

4. Not too/so bad.

5. So-so- (any of 7 — 10 in A).

1.4.2. Отреагируйте на следующее:

1. Hello! How are you? 2. Hi! How's life? 3. Bye, see you later. 4. Nice to see you.

1.4.3. Выполните следующие действия:

1. Say good-bye to...

a) a friend who is going away for a long time;

b) a friend called John;

c) someone you'll see again in the evening.

2. Greet...

a) a formal acquaintance;

b) a very close friend.

1.4.4. Используйте следующие ситуации. Работайте в парах.

А. Вы встречаете вашего близкого друга на центральной улице. У вас очень мало времени. Поприветствуйте его, скажите, что позвоните ему вечером, попрощайтесь. Слушайте вашего собеседника, реагируйте на его реплики.

В. Вас окликает ваш близкий друг. Спросите, как он поживает. Не забывайте реагировать на его реплики.

1.5. General understanding

1.5.1. Прочитайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его и выполнить предложенные упражнения.

The man who escaped

(Episode 1)

1. Edward Coke was an army officer, but he is in prison now. Every day is exactly the same for him.

It is winter now and Coke and all the other men get up at six, it is still cold and dark. They have breakfast at six thirty. Work begins at seven thirty. Some of the men work in the prison factory, but Coke often works outside.

2. The men have lunch at twelve. Then the men go back to work again. Dinner is at six. Coke usually reads after dinner until 9.30. The lights go out at ten.

The day is long and hard and every man has a lot of time to think. They usually think about why they are there. Coke does. He always thinks about two men.

3. One of the men is Eric Masters. He used to be an army officer, just like Coke. Coke knows that Masters has a lot of money now. The second man's name is Hugo. That is all Coke knows about him. Masters knows where and who Hugo is, but Coke doesn't.

Every night Coke lies in bed and thinks about Eric Masters and Hugo. There is another thing he thinks about, too. Escaping. He wants to escape and find Masters, and then the other man. Coke is in prison for something he didn't do.

1.5.2. Выберите правильный вариант. Не пользуйтесь текстом.

1. Every day is...

a) the same;

b) different for him;

c) interesting for him.

2) Work begins at...

a) half past six;

b) half past seven;

c) five thirty.

3. After dinner Coke usually...

a) sleeps;

b) reads;

c) walks.

4. Coke knows that...

a) Masters has a lot of money;

b) Hugo is an army officer;

c) Masters is in prison.

5. Coke wants to escape to...

a) kill Hugo;

b) go home;

c) find Masters.

1.5.3. Ответьте на вопросы преподавателя. (Книги закрыты.)

1. Where do people work in prison?

2. What do the people there usually think about?

3. What does Coke know about Eric Masters?

4. What does Coke want to escape for?

1.6. Scanning practice

1.6.1. Прочитайте вопросы. Вам нужно будет ответить на них после прочтения текста.

1. What did the man tell when they began to speak about robbers?

2. What did the highwayman demand?

3. How did the woman explain the matter?

1.6.2. Просмотрите текст. Не забудьте отметить время начала и конца работы.

A Case on the road

In the old days a number of people were travelling from Bristol to London. During the long journey the passengers became friendly and didn't hide anything from each other. When the conversation turned upon robbers, a man told he had ten guineas in gold but didn't know where best to hide them. A woman advised him to put them into his boots.

(hide — прятать; robber — грабитель; guinea — 21 shillings — гинея).

Later on really a robber stopped the coach and demanded the money. Then to the astonishment of all others, the woman who had advised to hide her neighbour's money in his boot said: «I have no money, but this man has ten guineas in his boot». «The robber took the ten guineas and left. The robbed man began to accuse the woman of being in league with the robber. But the woman said: «Wait till London and I'll explain the thing to you».

(coach — карета, demand — требовать; accuse — обвинять, be in league with — быть в сговоре)

When they came to London she told that she had had a large sum of money with her and that she had told the man's secret to turn the robber's attention from her. She begged now to excuse her and awarded the man with one hundred pounds.

(beg — умолять; award — наградить; pound — 20 shillings — фунт стерлингов) (198 words)

1.6.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п.1.6.1. (Книги закрыты.)

1.7. Listening practice

1.7.1. Прочитайте следующие вопросы. Вам нужно ответить на них после прослушивания текста.

1. Is Linda a teacher?

2. Where is the man from?

3. Are the Englishmen on holiday?

4. Does the man want tea with sugar?

1.7.2. Прослушайте диалоги.

1.7.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п. 1.7.1.

1.7.4. Просмотрите список слов. Они помогут вам понять следующий текст.

vacation — каникулы; apartment — квартира; dormitory — общежитие; movies — кино.

1.7.5. Прослушайте диалог. Будьте готовы изложить его содержание на русском языке.

1.7.6. Передайте содержание диалога по-русски как можно ближе к тексту.

1.8. Time for fun

1.8.1. Прочитайте шутку. Попытайтесь пересказать ее. Вы можете сделать это на русском языке.

Respect for written word

The judge asked a murder on trial: «Why did you break into the house and, taking the box with jewels, return to kill the owner?»

«I did it out of respect for the written word», — pleaded the defendant. «What do you mean?» — «It was written on the box: «Open after my death».

murderer — убийца

plead — (зд.) заявлять

trial — суд (процесс)

defendant — подсудимый

*1.8.2. Попытайтесь отгадать загадки.

1. What is the end of everything?

2. Where does Thursday come before Wednesday?

UNIT 2

Фонетика: sound []

Словообразование: суффикс существительного -ist

Грамматика: указательные местоимения; притяжательные местоимения; безличные предложения; обозначение времени; глагол to have (have got); местоимения some, any, no; разделительные вопросы; место наречий в предложении; местоимения much/many, few/little, a few/ a little.

Текст: «Work and studies»

2.1. Sound right

2.1.1. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте за диктором:

in  it pity  ill any

is  isn't ditty  fill many

his if minute  till city

thing miss women  pill army

give tick silly  bill lady

him pick wishes  milk baby

did myth village  brill Sunday

2.1.2. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте:

1. Is Mickey in?

2. It isn't cricket.

3. It's the limit.

4. I think it's a bit thick.

5. Biddy is quits with Billy.

6. Willie's quick-witted.

7. Christie will fill the bill.

8. In with him.

9. If it isn't Philip!

10. It is bringing grist to his mill.

11. Tillie is niminy-piminy.

12. Kittie is thin-skinned, Minnie is thick-skinned.

2.1.3. Слушайте, смотрите. Обратите внимание на различие между [] в слове sit и [i:] в слове seat.

I

— Is this seat free, please?

— No, it isn't. I'm keeping it for Miss Grim.

— Well, can I sit in this seat?

— I'm afraid not. But that seat by the window's free.

— Then I'll sit in.

— But if you sit in that seat you won't see a thing.

II

— Is there any meat?

— There is only tinned meat.

— Is it beef? - It's chicken.

— Is it ready to eat?

— Well, you have to heat it before you eat it.

2.1.4. Слушайте, смотрите; повторяйте. Обращайте внимание на интонацию.

2.1.5. Прочитайте диалоги в парах.

*2.1.6. Постарайтесь прочитать скороговорку как можно быстрее.

1. Critical cricket critic.

2. A fitful young fisher named Gabriel Fisher.

Once fished for some fish in a fissure,

Till a fish with a grin

Pulled the fisherman in —

Now they are fishing the fissure for Fisher.

fitful — порывистый 

fissure — расщелина 

grin — ухмылка

2.2. Word-building (-ist)

2.2.1. Дайте русские эквиваленты следующих слов:

finalist, leftist, royalist, opportunist, materialist, idealist, militarist, scientist, theorist, pianist, artist, animalist, terrorist, biologist.

2.2.2. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What is a tourist?

2. What party does a socialist belong to?

3. What doctor treats teeth?

4. What does an arabist study?

5. What Russian novelist do you like?

6. Do you know a good typist?

7. Why do we dislike egoists?

2.3. Full understanding

2.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

lecture, subject ['sbdkt], photo ['foutou], lamp, telephone, vase, client ['klant], cigar [s'].

*2.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

theory of state and law - теория государства и права

attentive — внимательный

office — контора, учреждение

job — работа

to be pleased — быть довольным

note-book — тетрадь 

rather — довольно

School vocabulary:

blue, beautiful, important, often, difficult, paper, flower, window, to be in a hurry, far.

*2.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Work and studies

It's nine o'clock and Pete Sokolov is in the class-room. He's at the lecture now. It's the lecture in Theory of State and Law. This subject is rather difficult. But Pete isn't attentive. He's got a pen and some note-books on the table. He hasn't got any text-books. His text-books are in his bag.

He's got a photo of Nell on his table too. Nell's lovely, isn't she? She has big deep blue eyes and a lovely little nose.

Nell Pavlova's at her office now. This table is hers. She's got a lamp and a telephone on it. She's got some papers on the table too. Nell's got a vase of flowers. The flowers are fresh and beautiful. Hasn't she got a nice office? She's got no photos on the table. She's very busy. Her job isn't easy.

I 'm at my office. My office is in the Strand not far from the Temples, and the Inns.1 I've got the notice on the door of my office: «S. King, Sol., LLB»2. I've got a lot of files on the table and on the shelves. These files on the table are very important for me. This arm-chair is mine and that one near the window is for my clients. I've got many cigars and some water in the water-bottle for my clients too.

Miss Jane Snow's in the college. She has classes now. Many of her students are attentive but few students are not. These students are busy and those are lazy. Jane is often angry with them. But sometimes she's pleased. It's time for break now. Jane's in a hurry. She's got little time and so much work to do!

Notes: 1. the Strand — one of the main streets in London. The Temples and the Inns — название четырех корпораций барристеров в Лондоне (Inner Tample, Middle Temple, Lincoln's Inn, Gray's Inn).

2. Sol., LLB — Solicitor, Bachelor of Law — солиситор (поверенный), бакалавр прав.

2.3.4. Скажите, какие из перечисленных вещей принадлежат вам (3), вашему преподавателю (2), вашему другу, всей группе (2), студентам другой группы (3). Используйте притяжательные местоимения:

paper, vase, table, flower, shelf, telephone, notebook, photo, lamp, file, arm-chair, cigar, water-bottle.

2.3.5. Ваш преподаватель говорит, кому принадлежат некоторые вещи. Возразите ему (см. слова в предыдущем упражнении).

Model: Т. This is my paper.

S. Oh, no, this paper is mine.

*2.3.6. Скажите по-английски:

1. Это контора Стива, а вот его дом. 2. Это фотография его сестры. Она красивая девушка. 3. Эти бумаги мои, а те — твои. 4. Это лекция по теории государства и права? — Да. 5. Вон те студенты не очень внимательны. — Да, они очень ленивы. 6. Эта папка на столе — ее. Она очень важна. 7. Это наши тетради. Не трогай их! (touch).

2.3.7. Отреагируйте на следующие высказывания. Используйте фразы из правого столбика:

1. Jane is angry,          a) It's fine!

2. Let's go for a walk.    b) It's hot!

3. Pete isn't attentive,    c) It's important!

4. Listen to him!          d) It's silly!

5. Don't go out!         e) It's bad!

2.3.8. Скажите, который сейчас час:

6.49; 12.01; 11.30; 22.45; 20.05; 16.18; 5.35; 21.10; 7.15; 13.27.

Model: It's...

2.3.9. Отреагируйте на следующие высказывания:

Model: Т. I've got a nice pen.

S. And Jane's got a nice pen too!

1. I've got a lecture at 11 (Pete). 2. I've got a photo of Pete (Nell). 3. She's got beautiful flowers (Jane). 4. Steve's got a lot of files on the table (Nell). 5. I've got some cigars for my clients (this lawyer).

2.3.10. Возразите в ответ на следующие утверждения:

Model: Т. I've got a black pen.

S. But you haven't got it!

1. I've got a nice vase of flowers. 2. Jane's got a telephone on her table. 3. Nell's got Pete's photo. 4. Pete's got his note-books in his bag. 5. Steve's got a new car.

2.3.11. Поинтересуйтесь у своих друзей, есть ли у Стива, Джейн, Нелли и Петра то, что выражено словами в скобках. Пусть они ответят на ваши вопросы.

Model: Jane (a good job).

— Has Jane got a good job?

— Yes, she has.

— No, she hasn't.

1. Steve (a nice office). 2. Jane (much work to do). 3. Nell (many photoes on the table). 4. Pete (his note-book on the table). 5. Steve (many text-books). 6. Jane (many flowers in her classroom).

*2.3.12. Скажите по-английски:

1. У меня нет ее фото. 2. У вас отличная работа! 3. У вас есть сегодня лекция по теории государства и права? — Да. Это очень трудный предмет. 4. У этого юриста есть много клиентов. 5. У Стива много папок на полках. 6. У меня нет сегодня лекции. Разреши мне пойти погулять. 7. У Нелли есть учебник английского? — Нет. 8. У Джейн очень важные бумаги на столе.

2.3.13. Выясните, если ли у ваших друзей нужные вам вещи. Не забывайте использовать слово any.

Model: Have you got any...?

2.3.14. Ваш преподаватель утверждает, что у вас или ваших друзей есть некоторые вещи. Возразите ему.

Model: Т. You've got any pen.

S. But I've got no pen of yours (hers, etc.).

1. You've got my new book. Let me have it! 2. Your friend's got my photo. 3. This lawyer's got her papers. 4. Jane's got my beautiful vase. Let her give it back to me. 5. You've got all the files of mine.

2.3.15. Автор ошибся, употребляя слова some, any, no в следующих предложениях. Помогите ему правильно употребить их.

1. Have you got some nice flowers? 2.1 haven't got some water in this bottle. 3. I've got no friends to help me. 4. Have you got some lazy students in your group? 5. I've got any fresh flowers in this vase.

2.3.16. Вы хотели бы получить поддержку от ваших друзей в ответ на то, что вы говорите. Используйте разделительный вопрос в своем высказывании.

1. Steve King is a lawyer, ...? 2. Nelly's got blue eyes, ...? 3. Pete isn't a lawyer, ...? 4. Jane's so lovely, ...? 5. Nell's surname is Pavlova, ...?

2.3.17. Автор очень рассеян. Он опять сомневается, как правильно употребить some, any, the, a (an). Помогите ему, пожалуйста.

1. His home's in ... old English city. 2. Eight о ' clock is ... good time to get up on Sundays, isn ' t it? 3. Let's go and buy ... food. 4. I haven't got ... papers at home. They are at ...office. 5. I've got ... lecture in ... theory of state and law .... subject is very difficult.

*2.3.18. Скажите по-английски:

1 Джейн часто сердится на своих студентов. 2. Стив часто спешит на работу. 3. Петр все еще в университете. 4. Нелли иногда встречается с Петром в парке. 5. Нелли обычно приходит на работу вовремя.

* 2.3.19. Скажите по-английски:

1. У вас мало времени, да? — Нет, у меня много времени сегодня. 2. Многие люди  имеют дома хорошие книги. 3. У Петра много трудных предметов? — Нет, всего несколь ко. 4. У нас есть немного времени до занятий.  5. У меня к вам сегодня очень мало вопросов. 6. У Стива много сигар, но мало воды для посетителей. 7. Давайте немного прогуляемся, хорошо?

*2.3.20. Представьте, что вы —

а) Петр Соколов, б) Нелли Павлова, в) Джейн Сноу, и постарайтесь рассказать о вашей работе или учебе.

*2.3.21. Представьте, что вы — один из клиентов Стива Кинга. Попытайтесь описать его контору.

2.3.22. Попытайтесь узнать, что у вашего друга есть дома.

2.4. Practice in communication

(Introduction)

*2.4.1. Прочитайте и выучите:

А

1 I'd like you to meet...

2. Have you met...?

3. Let me introduce (myself) you to...

В

1. Hallo,...

2. How do you do?

С

1. (I'm) pleased to meet you...

2.4.2. Представьте (познакомьте):

1. a close friend/to your mother;

2. yourself/to a new colleague;

3. your teacher/to a friend.

2.4.3. Смотрите, слушайте и затем инсценируйте диалог.

Meeting people to the sound of loud music and cheerful voices...

PAUL    And this is Jane.

ROBERT Hullo, Joan.

JANE    Jane (she laughs, correcting him). Hullo, Robert. Pleased to meet you.

PAUL    Look who's arrived! John, nice to see you. Let me introduce you to some friends. These are Jane and Robert.

JOHN    Hullo. I'm very pleased to meet you.

JANE    Nice to meet you too.

ROBERT

PAUL    Oh, hullo, Mr. Martin. May I introduce you to some friends? Jane Spense, Robert Anderson,

John Allwright. This is Mr. Martin, my bank manager.

Mr. MARTIN: How d'you do? I'm very pleased to meet you.

JANE

ROBERT Nice to meet you. Enjoying yourself?

JOHN Mr. MARTIN Very much. The music's rather loud though, isn't it? I couldn't quite catch your names. Did Paul say your name was ... er ... er ...? (Even louder music)

2.4.4. Вы пригласили следующих людей на обед. Они никогда до этого не встречались. Познакомьте всех присутствующих.

1. your parents;

2. your new boy/girl-friend;

3. his/her brother;

4. a neighbour (Miss Snow);

5. a colleague (Steve King).

2.5. General understanding

2.5.1. Прочитайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его и выполнить предложенные упражнения.

The man who escaped

(Episode 2)

1. It is six o'clock on a very cold winter evening. People are in their living-rooms and watch the news on television or listen to it on the radio. There is one very important piece of news this evening. It is this.

«In the West of England this evening, hundreds of policemen are looking for a man who escaped from Princeville Prison early this morning. The man's name is Edward Coke. He is 30 years old, six feet tall, and has black hair and blue eyes. He is in a dark blue prison uniform. The police do not think he can stay free very long. It is only a few degrees above zero and it is snowing».

2. The radio is on in an expensive pub in Soho, in the centre of London. Most of the people there are not very interested in the news programme, but one man is. His name is Eric Masters. He is about 45 and is in very expensive clothes. He looks very afraid of something. There is another man standing next to him in the bar. Masters asks him a question.

«Did they say the man's name was Coke?»

«Yes, that's right. Coke... Edward Coke. Why? Do you know him?»

«Pardon?»

«Do you know him?»

«No... no, I don't know him... I just wanted to know the man's name, that's all».

3. In another part of London, a young detective is standing in the office of his chief at Scotland Yard. The young detective's name is Richard Baxter.

«You knew Coke, didn't you, Baxter?»

«Yes, sir. I arrested him four years ago».

«Yes, I know that, Baxter. That's why I give you this order, now. Find Coke again! You must find him immediately!»

2.5.2. Выберите правильный вариант. Не пользуйтесь текстом.

1. This man has...

a) white hair and brown eyes;

b) black hair and blue eyes;

c) grey hair and blue eyes.

2. The temperature is...

a) a few degrees above zero;

b) zero;

c) a few degrees below zero.

3. Eric Masters...

a) is looking very pleased;

b) is in a hurry;

c) is looking very afraid.

4. Baxter's chief gives him the order to arrest Coke because...

a) he arrested him 2 years ago;

b) he didn't arrest him 4 years ago;

c) he arrested him 4 years ago.

2.5.3. Ответьте на вопросы преподавателя. (Книги закрыты.)

1. What do people do on a cold winter evening?

2. What is the description of Edward Coke given in the news?

3. Why do the police think he can't stay free very long?

4. How does Eric Masters look like?

5. Why is Richard Baxter given an order to arrest Coke?

2.6. Scanning practice

2.6.1. Прочитайте вопросы. Вам нужно ответить на них после прочтения текста

1. What did the man hear?

2. What did the man think?

3. What did the man at the station say?

2.6.2. Начинайте просматривать текст. Не забудьте отметить время начала и конца работы.

Not a robber

A young man was going from the railway station. It was a dark night and there was nobody in the street. He was walking as fast as he could when suddenly he heard that somebody was following him. The faster he went, the faster the man behind him followed him. The man decided to turn into a side-street. After some time he looked back and saw that the other man was still following him. «That man behind me wants to rob me», thought the first man and seeing a high wall around a garden jumped over it. The other man jumped over the wall too. Now he was quite sure that this man was a robber, but he couldn't understand why the robber was not in a hurry to attack him.

The man didn't know what to do. Then he turned round and said: «What do you want? Why are you following me?»

«I'm going to Mr. White and the man at the station told me to go after you because Mr. White lives next door to you. Excuse me please but will you have some more jumping tonight or will you go straight home?»

(195 words)

2.6.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п. 2.6.1. (Книги закрыты.)

2.7. Listening practice

2.7.1. Прочитайте следующие вопросы. Вам нужно будет ответить на них после прослушивания текста.

1. Who's Tom?

2. Who's with Тоm?

3. What colour is Mrs. Turner's blouse?

4. What colour is Tom's jacket?

5. What colour are Mary's shoes?

6. What colour are Jimmy's shorts?

7. What colour are Ethel's jeans?

2.7.2. Прослушайте диалог.

2.7.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п. 2.7.1.

2.7.4. Просмотрите список слов. Они помогут вам понять следующий текст:

patient — пациент

nurse — медсестра

downtown — в центре

hate — ненавидеть

boring — скучный

mail — почта

2.7.5. Прослушайте текст. Будьте готовы изложить его содержание на русском языке.

2.7.6. Передайте содержание текста по-русски.

2.8. Time for fun

2.8.1. Прочитайте шутки. Попытайтесь пересказать их. Вы можете сделать это на русском языке.

1. Distrust in Lawyers

«Have you got a lawyer?» asked the judge a young man brought before him. «No, your honour», was the answer.

«Well, don't you think you had better have one?» asked the judge.

«No, your honour», answered the young man. «I don't need one. I'm going to tell the truth».

distrust — недоверие

2. Court Talk

«Are you the defendant?» asked the judge.

«No, your honour», was the reply. «I have done nothing to be called names. I've got a lawyer who does the defending».

«Then who are you?»

«I'm the gentleman who stole the chicken».

defendant — обвиняемый

stole — украл

to call names — обзывать

? *2.8.2. Отгадайте 5 слов и напишите их по вертикали. Дополните слово по горизонтали и вы получите название месяца.

1. The singer sings a ...

2. «Hamlet» is a... by Shakespear.

3. You can hear with them.

4. Another word for ship.

5. A ball can do it.

UNIT 3

Фонетика: sound [e]

Словообразование: суффиксы существительного -man, -ian; суффикс прилагательного -able.

Грамматика: настоящее время Simple Present; альтернативные вопросы; разделительные вопросы; оборот there is/are, производные от местоимений some, any, no; возвратные местоимения

Текст: «Where do they live?»

3.1. Sound right

3.1.1. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте за диктором;

men     pet        better tell

said     best       bedding bell

end     neck      merry fell

gem     left       any sell

ebb     pence    many well

bread   breath  ready text

Thames meant question else

3.1.2. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте:

1. Well said.

2. Get better.

3. Ted'11 get wet.

4. The engine went dead.

5. Nell's never felt better.

6. Meg's getting very deaf.

7. Len said he never slept well.

8. Success went to Ned's head.

9. I expect Bell spends a pretty penny on dress.

10. Deb expects to get ready next Wednesday.

3.1.3. Слушайте, смотрите. Обратите внимание на различие между [] в слове bin и [e] в слове Ben.

I

— Ben?

— Yes, Betty?

— Did you empty the bin?

— Yes, I did empty the bin.

— Did you send the letters?

— Umm.

— And did you finish the fence?

— I did everything, Betty... everything.

— But did you remember to...?

— Good night, Betty.

II

— You are getting thinner every minute.

— I'm slimming.

— I don't think slimming is a very good idea.

— But it isn't a very god idea to get heavy, is it?

— Who's heavy?

— Well, you are getting a bit thick round the middle.

3.1.4. Слушайте, смотрите, повторяйте. Обращайте внимание на интонацию.

3.1.5. Прочитайте диалоги в парах.

*3.1.6. Постарайтесь прочитать скороговорку как можно быстрее:

The net is neat.

This is a neat net.

Ned has not a neat net.

net — сеть

neat — аккуратный

3.2. Word-building:

(-man); (-ian); (-able)

3.2.1. Дайте русские эквиваленты следующих слов:

pressman, taximan, Scotsman, Congressman, juryman, milkman, barman, policeman, railwayman, watchman, chairman, sportsman.

3.2.2. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. In what country do Dutchmen live?

2. Whom do we call a yes-man?

3. Do you know the meaning of the word «sandwich-man»?

4. Is your father a party-man?

5. What does a chairman do?

6. Where does a salesman work?

7. Who is the best Russian sportsman of the year?

3.2.3. Закончите следующие предложения:

1. A technician is a specialist in...

2. A vegetarian is one who lives on...

3. A veterinarian is one who treats...

4. A parliamentarian is a member of...

5. An academician is a member of...

3.2.4. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What do we call people who live in Bulgaria (Albania, Nigeria, Panama, California, Asia, Siberia)?

2. In what part of Europe do the Hungarians (Italians, Norwegians) live?

3.2.5. Перефразируйте словосочетания, используя прилагательные с суффиксом -able.

Model: 1. that can be prevented — preventable.

2. that can be drunk — drinkable.

that can be checked; that can be pronounced; that can be understood; that can be broken; that

can be controlled; that can be washed, that can be questioned.

3.2.6. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What breakable things are there on your table?

2. Is your handwriting readable?

3. When is the weather most changeable?

4. Is it desirable for you to have two days off a week?

5. In what cases is it justifiable to miss classes?

6. Have you got a portable radio?

3.3. Full understanding

3.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

apartment-house, stereo system ['ster], casset [ka'set], comfortable ['kmftbl], coffee.

*3.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

floor — этаж

people's judge ['] — народный судья.

in the suburbs [l'sbb] — в пригороде 

bathroom [bru(:)m] — ванная 

kitchen — кухня 

fine — (зд.) чудесно 

in front of — перед 

late — поздно 

car — машина

to do the room — убирать комнату 

sunny — солнечный 

sleepy — сонный 

at last — наконец 

fridge — холодильник 

besides — кроме того 

to know — знать

School vocabulary:

to live, flat, family, parents, tomorrow, tonight, picture, to like, son, daughter, wife, dining-room, what, why, where, thing, also, to want, to be tired, long, working day, supper, to be afraid, next, to ask, to take, to answer, to give back, small, because, wall, to make, after, to see, hour, tea.

3.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Where do they live?

Pete Sokolov lives in Pushkin street. He lives on the fifth floor of a new nine-storied apartment-house. His family lives in a three-room flat. There are four of them in the family. Pete's father's a worker and his mother's a people's judge. Pete's younger brother Mike is a schoolboy. There are two bedrooms and a sitting-room in their flat. One bedroom is for Pete's parents, the other is for the boys. There are two beds, two chairs, a wardrobe, a desk and a lot of books in their bedroom. There is no TV-set in their room, but there's an excellent stereo system. Mike and Pete always do their room themselves. Mike often takes Pete's books and cassets and Pete gets angry. «Where are my things?» he asks or «Why do you take my books?» Mike doesn't answer anything. He gives everything back. But still the two brothers are good friends.

Nell Pavlova hasn't got a family and she lives alone in a small flat. She likes her flat very much. Why does she like it? Because it's so sunny and comfortable. There are many flowers in the room and a lot of photoes and pictures on the walls. Nell makes photoes herself. She likes everything in her room. But there's something she doesn't like. She doesn't like to be alone.

This is Steve's house. It's in the suburbs of London and Steve gets to work in his car. Still it takes him about an hour to get there.1 Steve's got a large family: a wife, two daughters and a son. There are three bed-rooms, a dining-room, a bathroom and a large kitchen in his house. There's also a little garden in front of the house. «Do you want tea or coffee?», Steve's wife asks him. But Steve wants nothing. He's very tired. He's sleepy.

I'm at home at last! It's so nice to be at home after a long working day. What's for supper to-night? Oh, I don't know myself. There's something in the fridge... Oh, there's someone on the phone!2 «2457336—two four five seven double three six»3. Jane Snow's here.4 Oh, hi John! What? Pictures? I'm afraid it's too late. Besides I don't want to go anywhere to-night. Next time, perhaps? Fine! See you tomorrow then. Bye!»

Notes: 1. It takes him about an hour to get there. — Ему требуется около часа, чтобы добраться туда.

2. There's someone on the phone. — Кто-то звонит.

3. Pay attention to the way the telephone number is pronounced.

4. Jane Snow's here. — Говорит Джейн Сноу.

3.3.4. Посмотрите, сможете ли вы найти в текстах все случаи употребления Simple Present в 3 л. ед. числа (около 20). Сможете ли вы назвать точную цифру. Глаголы be и have (got) в счет не идут.

3.3.5. Вашему другу было бы приятно, если бы вы рассказали ему что-нибудь о себе. Не забудьте использовать в своем рассказе глаголы to live, to like, to get, to make, to take. Сообщите те же сведения, но уже о вашем соседе, вашему преподавателю.

* 3.3.6. Скажите по-английски:

1. Они живут на 5-м этаже. 2. Сегодня вечером моя жена хочет пойти в кино. 3. Он мало знает об этом народном судье. 4. Я люблю делать фотографии. 5. Ей требуется около часа, чтобы добраться из пригорода.

3.3.7. Представьте, что вы сегодня в плохом настроении и не соглашаетесь со всем, что вам говорят.

1. You like my new car. 2. Nell Pavlova lives in a small flat. 3. You often take my pen. 4. You also ask me too many questions. 5. Pete knows my son very well. 6. Jane always gives back my books. 7. I want supper now.

3.3.8. Скажите, что ваш преподаватель (сосед, сестра, брат) не хочет или не любит делать (3-4 предложения).

3.3.9. Автор случайно оказался свидетелем разговора двух людей. Этот разговор показался ему подозрительным, но когда он попытался воспроизвести его, он смог вспомнить слова только одного из них. Помогите воссоздать, весь диалог.

1.

2. No, I live in a small room.

1.

2. Yes, I live in the suburbs.

1.

2. No, my wife comes very late.

1.

2. Oh, I want much money.

1.

2. Yes, I know it's dangerous.

1.

2. Oh, yes. It takes me about an hour.

1.

2. No, I want nothing.

3.3.10. Предположим, что вы — следователь и подозреваете одного из студентов в совершении преступления. Расспросите других об этом человеке. Используйте 5 вопросительных слов: who, what, where, when, why. Вопросы задавайте в Simple Present. Суммируйте полученную информацию.

* 3.3.11. Скажите по-английски:

1. Где живет Петр Соколов? — Я не знаю. 2. Почему Петр сердится? 3. Почему Майк не отвечает? 4. Петр очень любит своего брата. 5. Нелли не нравится жить в пригороде, ей требуется слишком много времени, чтобы добраться до работы. 6. Твоя дочь всегда сама делает уроки? 7. Где живут твои родители? 8. Тебе нравится голубая или зеленая машина? 9. Он живет в большой или маленькой квартире? 10. Тебе ведь нравится моя комната, да? 11. Они всегда сами убирают в комнате, правда? 12. Он ведь все тебе возвращает, да?

3.3.12. Ваш друг попросил вас о чем-то, но вы не уверены, что правильно его поняли. Переспросите его, используя альтернативный вопрос.

Model: Do you want a pen or a pencil?

3.3.13. Вы знаете кое-что о вашем друге, но хотите получить подтверждение вашим сведениям. Используйте разделительный вопрос.

Model: You live in Pushkin street, don't you?

or

You don't like this picture, do you?

3.3.14. Ваш друг описывает квартиру, где произошло убийство. Пользуясь этим описанием, попытайтесь начертить план квартиры (комнаты). Затем поменяйтесь ролями. Не забывайте использовать there is/are.

3.3.15. Предположим, что вы — судья, вперед вами — свидетель. Постарайтесь узнать некоторые детали о месте, где было совершено преступление. Используйте: Is/are there?... или (What) is/are there...?

Model: Are there many trees around?

What is there near the car?

*3.3.16. Скажите по-английски:

1. В этой квартире есть ванная? — Да, конечно. Здесь есть ванная и кухня, столовая и две спальни. 2. На этой улице есть красивый многоэтажный дом. 3. Что там на стене? 4. В комнате Петра много книг. 5. В холодильнике есть что-нибудь? 6. Сегодня лекций нет. 7. Перед домом также прекрасный парк.

3.3.17. Автор сделал несколько ошибок в этом рассказе. Помогите ему найти их. Обратите внимание на формы с -thing и -body.

Steve comes back home at 5. He doesn't use his keys because there's always something at home. To-night when he comes nothing opens the door. There's nobody in. «What's the matter?» — he thinks. — «Anything has happened». Steve begins knocking at the door with his fists and then listens. He hears nobody. Then he sees anybody at the door. It's the note. He reads: «Nobody wants to speak to you. We'll ring you up». Steve remembers about his keys, opens the door and runs in. There's anything unusual in the room...

Если вас заинтересовало начало рассказа, попробуйте дать свой вариант его завершения.

3.3.18. Поинтересуйтесь у вашего друга следующим:

Model: S1: He/she wants to go somewhere in the evening.

S2: Do you want to go anywhere in the evening?

1. He knows somebody in this group.

2. He/she likes to read something funny.

3. He/she knows somebody in other departments of the University.

4. He/she sees someone in the street.

5. He/she knows something in the Theory of State and Law.

3.3.19. Вы удивлены вопросами, которые задает вам преподаватель. Выразите ваше удивление. 

Model:   Т. Help Pete with this grammar.

 S. But I don't know it myself.  

1. Let Steve give you the pen. 2. Ask Lena to help you to translate this text. 3. Will you give me your car? 4. Ask them for the textbook. 5. I see you know nothing about this man.

* 3.3.20. Скажите по-английски:

1. Я все знаю сам. 2. Они и сами живут где-то в пригороде. 3. Она сама хочет кого-нибудь попросить помочь ей. 4. Он что-то знает, но сам не хочет никому говорить об этом. 5. Вы сами знаете о нем что-нибудь? 6. Петр любит все делать сам.

*3.3.21. Вам кажется, что ваш друг не совсем внимательно прочитал тексты этого урока. Проверьте, как он понял их, задав ему 5-6 вопросов по текстам.

*3.3.22. Предположим, что вы:

а) Майк — брат ПетраСоколова;

б) Нелли Павлова;

в) жена Стива Кинга.

Расскажите о вашей квартире и семье.

*3.3.23. Предположим, что вы — друг Джейн Сноу. Расскажите нам о Джейн и о том, как она проводит, вечер.

3.3.24. Все жаждут узнать что-нибудь о вашей семье и вашем доме. Пожалуйста, расскажите нам об этом.

3.4. Practice in communication

(Invitation)

*3.4.1. Прочитайте и выучите:

Ways of inviting

1. Would you like to...       join me for a lunch.

2. Do you want to...           come and see me.

3. Would you care to...      meet my wife; etc.

4. How about coming with us (to the club)?

5. How about a (game of tennis)?

6. Would you care for (a glass of lemonade)?

7. Suppose we go to the theatre?

Acceptance             Refusal

1. I'd like to very much     1. I'm afraid I can't.

2. I'd love to                 2. I'm sorry, I can't.

   (enthusiastic).             3. I'd like to, but...

3. I would/do.             4. I'd better not.

   Thank you.               5. I'd rather not.

4. If you want              6. No, thanks.

   (me to).                7. No, I wouldn't/don't.

5. If you ('d)               8. Certainly not.

   like (me to),                  (emphatic)

  (indifferent)

3.4.2. Пригласите кого-нибудь в вашей группе:

1. see (a film/a play/football match)

2. go for a walk with you.

3. have a cup of tea/coffee.

4. telephone you to-night.

5. spend an evening with you.

He/she will accept or refuse.

3.4.3. Смотрите, слушайте, а затем инсценируйте диалог.

I

— Have you any engagements for Saturday evening?

— No. Why?

— Would you come and have dinner with me and my wife?

— That's very kind of you. I'd love to. What time shall I come?

— Oh, about seven o'clock.

— Thank you. I'll be there at about 7.

— Very good. We'll be expecting you.

II

HE    Would you like to come out with me to-night?

SHE   Sorry, I can't.

HE    Tomorrow night then?

SHE   I'd like to, but I'm afraid I can't.

HE    Would you like to go to the theatre then?

SHE   I wish I could.

HE    OK, well give me a ring, then.

SHE   No, I'd better not.

HE    Why not?

SHE   Because I don't think my husband would like it!

3.4.4. Предложите кому-нибудь в группе совершить различные действия. Ваш партнер сначала должен будет отказаться от вашего приглашения, но в итоге — согласиться на него.

3.5. General understanding

3.5.1. Прочитайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его и выполнить предложенные упражнения.

The man who escaped

(Episode 3)

1. At 6 o'clock Baxter is in the warm train compartment. Coke is in a field 100 miles away. The winter evening gets darker and colder. The wind cuts through Coke's thin uniform like a knife. Coke is hungry and tired, and his arms and legs are so cold that he can hardly feel them. He wants to find food, warm clothing, and a warm place somewhere. «I have to make a move! I can't just stay in this field and die of the cold», he thinks.

2. Coke gets up and begins to walk. «Where am I? Which direction am I walking in? Am I going back towards the prison?» he asks himself. A few minutes later, the moon comes out and Coke can see better. He stops and looks around. Suddenly he sees a small light not far away. «What can it be? It can't be a car. It doesn't move. It must be a house» he says to himself and begins to walk towards it. The light gets larger. It is a house! He can see the form of the roof in the darkness.

3. Ten minutes later he is outside the house. He stops I and listens. «Strange», he thinks. «I can't hear anything, not I even a radio or a television, but there must be someone in there. There is a light on!» Just at that moment, a thought strikes him.

«This is probably the only house around for miles! The police know I'm probably around here somewhere and if they are anywhere, they're in that house, waiting for me».

Coke doesn't move. The wind becomes colder. His feet and hands feel like ice in the snow. «I have to take the chance! I have to! This is the only place I can find warm clothes and food!» he thinks.

3.5.2. Выберите правильный вариант. Не пользуйтесь текстом.

1. Coke wants to find some warm place because...

a) he's afraid of Baxter;

b) he needs to change his prison uniform;

c) his arms and legs are cold.

2. When the moon comes out Coke can see...

a) a large house;

b) a small light not far away;

с) a policeman.

3. It's strange for Coke that he can't...

a) hear anything in the house:

b) see the police around;

c) see any other houses around.

3.5.3. Ответьте на вопросы преподавателя. (Книги закрыты.)

1. What is the weather like on that day?

2. How does Coke feel in the field?

3. Does Coke know where he's walking to?

4. What can he see in the darkness?

5. What seems strange to Coke?

6. What thought strikes him?

3.6. Scanning practice

3.6.1. Прочитайте вопросы. Вам нужно будет ответить на них после прочтения текста.

1. Why was Hugh Boggs worried?

2. Where was his bicycle picked up?

3. When did he leave it?

3.6.2. Начинайте просматривать текст. Не забудьте отметить время начала и конца работы.

His name and address was on the wheel

Hugh Boggs was worried all day. In the morning he received a letter from the police. They asked him to call at the station. Hugh couldn't understand why the police wanted him. He didn't do anything wrong. It was perhaps a mistake.

At the police station a policeman told him that his bicycle had been found. It was picked up in the hills in Wales about a hundred miles away. His name and address were written on the wheel.

The bicycle was sent to his home by train. Hugh was very much surprised when he heard the news. He was amused, too, because it was his old broken bicycle he had left behind last summer when returning to town after his holidays. Now when he receives his bike, he will have to think how to get rid of it again.

(148 words)

3.6.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п. 3.6.1. (Книги закрыты.)

3.7. Listening practice

3.7.1. Прочитайте следующие вопросы. Вам нужно будет ответить на них после прослушивания текста.

1. What are Steve and Rockwell?

2. What must Steve do when he enters the room?

3. What must Rockwell do?

4. What commands does Charles Authen give at the end?

3.7.2. Прослушайте диалог.

3.7.3. Ответьте на вопросы в п. 3.7.1.

3.7.4. Просмотрите список слов. Они помогут вам понять следующий текст.

price — цена

gas — бензин

fare — плата за проезд

3.7.5. Прослушайте текст. Будьте готовы изложить его содержание на русском языке.

3.7.6. Передайте содержание текста по-русски.

3.8. Time for fun

3.8.1. Прочитайте шутки. Постарайтесь пересказать их. Вы можете сделать это по-русски.

I

«I warn you», said the judge, «that demonstrations of any kind are prohibited in the courtroom; therefore whoever shouts «Long live! Hurrah!» or «Down with!» will be sent outside».

As soon as the accused heard this, he began to shout: «Hurrah! Down with! Hurrah! Down with!»

warn — предупреждать

prohibit — запрещать

accused — обвиняемый

II

«Sir, do you swear this is not your signature?» — said the lawyer. «Yes».

«Is it not your handwriting?»

«No».

«You take your solemn oath that this writing does not resemble yours in a single particular?»

«Yes».

«How can you be certain?» demanded the lawyer.

«I can't write», smiled the man.

swear — клясться

signature — подпись

handwriting — почерк

solemn oath — торжественная клятва

? *3.8.2. Попытайтесь отгадать загадки.

1. What is the difference between «here» and «there»?

2. What is the difference between a watchmaker and a jailer?

? 3.8.3. Отгадайте следующие 10 слов. Затем прочитайте слово в выделенных клетках. Мы уверены, что вы знаете это слово и его значение.

1. The workers get it for their work.

2. You can drink its juice.

3. a meal of raw or cold vegetables.

4. In England women... for equal pay.

5. The ships are loaded and unloaded there.

6. have the same opinion.

7. the noun of true.

8. laugh a little bit.

9. a number.

10. What are pounds, dollars?

UNIT 4

Фонетика: sound []

Словообразование: суффиксы существительных -ment, -ion; суффикс прилагательных -ic

Грамматика: настоящее время Present Continious и причастия I и II

Текст: «Pete is preparing for the seminar»

4.1. Sound right

4.1.1. Listen, look, say:

add that marry  Al

bag back parrot  Alma

ham hat wagon  pal

pan pant happy  shall

lab lap fancy  category

badge batch chapter  alphabet

4.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. That's flat.

2. That's bad.

3. And that's that.

4. Sam's acting the ass.

5. Fancy! Fancy that!

6. That's absolutely fantastic!

7. The lad cannot be that bad.

8. Ann chatters like a magpie.

9. Pat cannot catch that.

10. He that hatches matches hatches catches.

4.1.3. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference between [] and [e].

I

1. Get a pet, Pat.

2. Allan, I've got a pet. I've got a cat.

1. That terrible black cat outside?

2. Terrible?

1. That smelly cat?

2. Alice is an elegant cat!

1. Well, perhaps that cat at the back isn't Alice.

2. Alice! Puss-puss Alice! Alice, you haven't met

Allan. Puss-puss. Now, Allan. This is Alice.

1. Yes, Pat. Yes, that's Alice.

II

1. Thank you for your letter.

2. Is your leg any better?

1. My leg is getting better, yes.

2. Well, I'm glad you are getting better.

1. I was glad to get your letter.

2. I'll be back again next Saturday.

l.Yes.

4.1.4. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

4.1.5. Read the dialogues in pairs.

*4.1.6. Try to read the tongue-twisters as fast as you can. Pay attention to the sound [] and the difference between [] and [e].

1. A black cat sat on a mat and ate a fat rat.

What a black cat!

fat—жирный

rat — крыса

2. Pat keeps two pets —

A cat and a rat.

Pat likes his pets,

And his pets like Pat.

4.2. Word-building:

(-ment), (-ion), (-tion), (-ic)

 4.2.1. Give Russian equivalents to the following:

judgement, payment, punishment, development, government, imprisonment, argument, fulfilment, astonishment, enforcement.

4.2.2. Answer the questions:

1. Do you take any refreshment after the first class?

2. Do you have an appointment with the doctor this week?

3. Do you notice any improvement in your English since last year?

4. What arrangements do you usually make for a journey?

5. Do you usually read the announcements on the noticeboard?

4.2.3. Form the nouns with the help of the given verbs and suffix -ion, give their Russian equivalents:

construct, decide, limit, legislate, contradict, prepare, declare, produce, express, prohibit.

4.2.4. Answer the questions:

1. In what direction do you have to go to get to the centre of the city?

2. Do you have any objections to having English classes on Sunday?

3. What kind of exhibitions do you like to see?

4. What book has caught your imagination recently?

5. Do you have pleasant associations with your school days?

4.2.5. Give Russian equivalents to the following word combinations:

antagonistic classes; automatic machine; basic principles; parasitic way of life; realistic policy;

nationalistic tendencies; specific conditions; philosophic ideas; sympathetic face; barbaric culture.

4.3. Full understanding

4.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

seminar, product ['prodkt], exploit(er), class, special, machinery [m'n], economic, political, system, regulate, instrument, official, institution, organ, machine [m'n], army, police [po'ls], individual, collective, parliament, tradition, constitution, type, function, historical, category.

*4.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

reading-room — читальный зал

library — библиотека

to make notes — конспектировать

to be good at smth. — успевать (по какому-либо предмету)

to judge —судить

society — общество

stage of development — стадия развития

private property ['pravt] — частная собственность

to keep order — поддерживать порядок

relation — отношение

power — власть

ruling — правящий

government — правительство

consist of — состоять из

legislation [les'len] — законодательство

chief [tf] — глава

to create — создавать

to include — включать

School vocabulary:

to prepare, to work, hard, either, really, difficult, definite, to divide, each, other, to begin, to teach, between, part, department.

4.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Pete is preparing for the seminar

Pete Sokolov is in the reading-room of the library. He is reading something and making notes. Let's come up to him and ask what he is reading. «Hello, Pete! What are you doing now?» — «Oh, hello! I'm preparing for my seminar in the theory of state and law. I'm not good at this subject and I'm working very hard now. And I haven't much time either1. Please, don't bother me anymore, will you?» Isn't Pete a busy boy? But let's see what he is reading. Is it really so very difficult? Look and judge for yourself.

The state

The state is a product of society at a definite stage of its development. Private property divides men and allows them to exploit each other and in this way class contradictions begin. The special machinery created by the class of exploiters — the state helps them to keep order. In a class society the state is an instrument of political power of the ruling class. The state is a system of official institutions and organs. This system of organs is the machinery of government, the state machine. This machine includes such organs as the army, the police, the courts. The other part of the state machine consists of the system of state organs including the chief of the state (an individual or collective), parliament, government, departments and other organs. These organs are political; they are the organs of state power of the ruling class. The constitution, legislation or traditions regulate the power of each state organ. Different types of states have different functions. That's why we speak about the state only as the historical category.

Notes: 1. either — в отрицательных предложениях соответствует русским словам тоже, так же. Слова too, also в отрицательных предложениях не употребляются.

4.3.4. Расскажите о том, что сейчас происходит в аудитории.

4.3.5. Некоторые студенты не понимают разницы между Simple Present и Present Continuous. Объясните им эту разницу, используя следующие пары предложений:

1. Listen! The teacher's explaining a very difficult thing. He always explains difficult things carefully.

2. John speaks three foreign languages. Just now he's speaking French on the phone.

3. Pete usually doesn't work much but now he's working very hard preparing for the seminar.

4.3.6. Проверьте, как вы и ваши друзья понимаете разницу между Present Continuous и Simple Present. Выберите правильный вариант в скобках:

1. I ...three articles a week (translate, am translating).

2. Don't enter the classroom. The students ... an exam now (take, are taking).

3. He always ... dinner at this time (has, is having).

4. It often ... in Rostov in November (rains, is raining).

5. Listen! Ann ... in the next room (sings, is singing).

6. He always ... in his room (keeps order, is keeping order).

4.3.7. Предположим, что вы — Петр Соколов. Расскажите, что вы сейчас делаете.

*4.3.8. Скажите по-английски:

1. Сейчас правительство готовит новое законодательство. 2. В классовом обществе частная собственность разделяет людей. 3. Посмотри! Полиция атакует рабочих. 4. Ваш юрист говорит сейчас по телефону. 5. Где Петр? — Он сейчас в библиотеке конспектирует статью о государстве. 6. Что сейчас делает Стив?—Он готовится к новому процессу (trial). 7. Почему ты делишь яблоко на две части? — Одну половину — тебе, одну — себе. 8. Обычно он работает в библиотеке, но сегодня он работает дома.

4.3.9. Найдите в тексте Participle I и Participle II.

Определите их функции.

4.3.10. Объявляем соревнование на звание лучшего переводчика! Победитель получит приз. Будьте внимательны, переводя следующие предложения:

1. The legislation prepared by this department is very important.

2. The student answering now is rather good at this subject.

3. Trying to keep order the police often arrests the demonstrators.

4. There are some state institutions regulating the life of the society.

5. He's working very hard making notes and reading a lot.

6. Divided by the private property men begin to exploit each other.

7. Created by the class of exploiters the state is the instrument of their political power.

8. Do you know the judge speaking to Steve now?

4.3.11. Автор рассказа не совсем уверен, какое причастие употребить: Participle I или Participle II. Помогите ему.

The man ... at the window is my uncle John (standing, stood). He's rather unusual person. He's got five pets... in his house (living, lived). One of these pets ... Greeny is a young crocodile (calling, called). It lives in the bathroom and ... anybody but his master to come in (allowing, allowed). The other pet is a parrot ... to speak (teaching, taught). He says rather strange things sometimes. The other two pets are bulldogs ... at everybody... to the door of the flat (barking, barked) (coming, come). It's not surprising that uncle John lives alone... by his wife two years ago when his fifth pet — a large snake ... to him by a famous travellor appeared in his flat (leaving, left) (presenting, presented).

*4.3.12. Петр Соколов довольно хорошо знает теперь, что такое государство. А вы? Ответьте на несколько вопросов о государстве. (Книги закрыты.)

1. What is the state? 2. What does the class of exploiters create? What for? 3. What does the theory of the state teach? What is the state machine? 5. What does the other part of the state machine consist of? 6. What regulates the power of each state organ? 7. Why do we speak about the state only as the historical category?

4.3.13. Кто (или какая команда) сможет составить больше предложений со следующими словами (время — 5 мин):

constitution, official, parliament, regulate, consist of, government, legislation, property, society, state.

4.3.14. Петр Соколов недостаточно хорошо знает определения следующих понятий: state, army and police, state organs. Помогите ему.

4.3.15. Петр Соколов сейчас выступает на семинаре. Но он так волнуется, что не может закончить начатые фразы. Вам разрешается подсказать ему:

1. Class contradictions begin because...

2. The organs of the state are political organs because...

3. The state helps the exploiters to keep order because ...

4. The chief instruments of state power are...

* 4.3.16. Скажите по-английски:

1. Система государственных органов включает  главу государства, парламент, правительство и другие органы. 2. Парламент состоит из двух палат. 3. Правящий класс регулирует законодательство. 4. Частная собственность разделяет общество в буржуазном государстве. 5. Правительство любого государства регулирует политическую жизнь в своем обществе. 6. Законодательство капиталистических государств помогает сохранить существующие отношения между правящим и рабочим классом.

4.4. Practice in communication

(Request)

*4.4.1. Read and try to remember:

Asking people to do things.

A. Could          B. (Yes,) of course (cer-

Would                     tainly) all right.

you ... (please)?

Will you ....               I'm afraid/Sorry,

(please)? OK?           I can't.

..., will you?              (No,)Ican't./Iwon't.

    would

Do you mind -ing ...?

Would

Will you be so kind as to...?

Would                       — (Very formal)

May I ask you to do me a favour?

Be so kind as to ...

4.4.2. In varying degrees of politeness ask someone in the group to ...

1. turn the radio off;

2. close the door,

3. tell you the truth;

4. show you the way;

5. carry your suitcase;

6. speak to the point;

7. do you a favour;

8. keep an eye on your luggage.

He/She will comply or refuse.

4.4.3. Express your willingness or refuse to do what you are asked.

Model: T. Will you help me to translate this article. (Let's have a look at it.)

S. Certainly, with pleasure. Let's have a look.

1. Would you mind lending me your pencil for a moment? (Here it is.)

2. Would you mind reading these papers? (I've left my glasses at home.)

3. Will you do me a favour? (What is it?)

4. Will you, please, translate this notice to me? (I don't quite understand it.)

5. Help me to move this table, please. (Where shall we put?)

4.4.4. Look, listen and then dramatize.

Tom has been waiting to be served for a long time. He is impatient.

TOM      Waiter, bring me the menu, will you?

WAITER Just a moment. I'm coming. (Ten minutes later.) Now, what would you like?

TOM       I'd like to see the menu. Would you get me one, please?

WAITER Yes, certainly. Here you are.

TOM      Thank you. Ah! But this is in French.Would you mind giving me the English one?

WAITER It's written in English too, in smaller print. There.

TOM       Thanks. I'll need a while to choose. Could you come back in a minute?

WAITER Right. (Five minutes later.) Now, what are you having?

TOM      I'm sorry, I haven't decided yet. Do you mind giving me a couple of minutes?

WAITER All right, but would you be so kind as to make up your mind soon? We're very busy just now as you can see, sir.

4.4.5. Translate the notice. Say where you are likely to see them.

1. In; 2. Out; 3. No entry; 4. Pull; 5. Push; 6. Private; 7. No admittance; 8. Emergency; 9. No trespassing; 10. No overtaking; 11. No parking; 12. Wet paint; 13. Keep clear of the doors; 14. For hire.

4.5. General understanding

4.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 4)

1. Coke listens for several seconds but he can't hear anything at all. And yet there is smoke coming from the chimney and there is a light on in the front room! «Why is it so quiet? Are the police waiting for me in there?» he asks himself. He goes to the front door and pushes it. To his surprise it is open! He goes in very quietly. In the front room there is a fire burning, in the fireplace. The room is clean, small and very warm. There is very little furniture in it — only a table and two old-fashioned chairs. There are also some photographs on the shelf above the fire. They are yellow and old. One of them is of a young man in a World War I uniform. There are also a few photoes of the same man and also a woman.

2. Suddenly Coke feels there is someone else in the room. He turns around quickly and, at the same time, puts his hand in his pocket. There is asmall knife there. He sees an old woman. She has a dish in her hands and there is a smell of meat and vegetables coming from it. She doesn't look afraid. «I'm sorry», she says and puts the dish down on the table.

3. «I'm sorry», she says again. «I don't hear you. I'm deaf, you see. People often come to the door and knock, but I don't hear them. I'm glad you are here».

Coke stares at her for a second and then finally finds his voice: «I ... I'm sorry». He looks down at his clothes. His prison uniform is so dirty that it is impossible to tell what kind of uniform it is. Then he suddenly has an idea.

«I'm a mechanic from a garage in town. I came to repair a lorry somewhere out here but the road was icy. I had an accident. I ... I fell off my motorbike».

He says this several times before she finally understands him. Then she gives him some hot water and soap and afterwards some food. The only thing he needs now is a change of clothes!

4.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. When Coke comes in he sees:

a) an old woman;

b) a young man;

c) some photographs on the shelf.

2. The woman has:

a) a small knife in her hands;

b) a dish in her hands;

c) old clothes in her hands.

3. A woman isn't afraid because:

a) she's deaf;

b) people often come to her door;

c) Coke looks pleasant.

4. The woman gives Coke:

a) hot water and soap;

b) a change of clothes;

c) some photoes.

4.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. What can Coke see in the front room?

2. What photoes are there on the shelf?

3. What is there in Coke's pocket?

4. What is there in the old woman's hands?

5. Why isn't she afraid?

6. How does he explain his clothes?

4.5.4. Express the main idea of this episode in one-two sentences.

4.6. Scanning practice

4.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. What did the judge's wife ask him to do?

2. What did the judge do with the box?

3. What was there in the box?

4.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

Caught in his own trap

It happened in England not very long ago. A judge was going for an assize (выездная сессия суда) to a distant town. His wife asked him to allow her to go with him. The judge agreed but told her not to take a lot of boxes. Next morning they started in a carriage. On the way the judge wanted to stretch his legs and his feet struck against something under the seat. It was a box. The judge was very angry, he opened the window and threw the box out. The coachman stopped the horses to pick up the box but the judge ordered to drive on.

The next day the travellers reached the town. The judge put on the robes and was ready for going to the court, but he couldn't find his wig (парик) which is a very important attribute of an English judge. Then he cried: «Where in all the world is my wig?» — «Your wig, my Lord? Why, your Lordship threw it out of the carriage window yesterday», explained the coachman who was watching the scene.

(176 words)

4.6.3. Answer the questions in 4.6.1. (Books closed.)

4.7. Listening practice

4.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. What languages can one of the husbands speak?

2. What can the other husband do?

3. Why does the first woman say that her husband is a very good one?

4.7.2. Listen to the dialogue.

4.7.3. Try to answer the questions in 4.7.1.

4.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text.

for sale — на продажу

damn — черт побери

4.7.5. Listen to the text. Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

4.7.6. Tell the contents of text in Russian.

4.8. Time for fun

4.8.1. Read the jokes. Try to retell them. You may do it in Russian.

1. Prisoner:   The judge sent me here for the rest of my life.

Prison guard: Have you got any complaints?

Prisoner:   Do you call breaking rock with a hammer a rest?

the rest of my life — a) to the end of my life; b) the best rest in my life.

2. — Mary is a brilliant woman.

— Oh, she picks up things fast?

— Yes, she's a shoplifter.

to pick up — схватывать на лету (о знаниях); (зд.) воровать

shoplifter — магазинный вор

? *4.8.2. Try to solve the letter riddles.

1. In which word are there ten letters T?

2. Which two letters of the alphabet contain nothing?

? 4.8.3. And now a 3 minute crossword for you.

ACROSS:                DOWN:

2. Present Tense of        I. Let's go for a «brought»,               cycle...

6. The painter needs it.    2. A girl puts it on.

7. It is in your room.        3. an instrument. 

4. what the fire does.

5. opposite of «hot».

UNIT 5

Фонетика: sounds [], []

Словообразование: суффиксы существительных -ing; -ism; суффикс прилагательных -an

Грамматика: герундий, модальные глаголы can, may, must; инфинитивная конструкция It is too ... to do smth.

Текст: «Peace rally»

5.1. Sound right

5.1.1. Listen, look, say:

come  cut mummy dull

some  but sonny  lull

none  just hurry  hull

done  shut other  bulk

mud  must under  cult

won  puff utter  pulse

tongue  stuff southern bulge

5.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. Tough luck! Just my luck!

2. Pluck up your courage!

3. Double Dutch!

4. Here's another country cousin.

5. Gus chucked up the sponge.

6. Russ hung up hurriedly.

7. Lush is nothing but a money-grubber.

8. Gust mustn't trust to luck.

9. Brother made Mother's cup run over.

10. Duff just struck me as funny.

11. Such luck running into uncle Duncan.

12. None but dullards copy one other.

5.1.3. Listen, look, say:

are    arm      art army

bar    hard      part party

car    card      cart drama

char  charge  chart hardly

far    farm      farce demand

star   starve     start tomato

5.1.4. Listen, look, say:

1. Start the car.

2. Are these pass marks?

3. Are we to be a large party?

4. He laughs best who laughs last.

5. Father's rather hard on Charles.

6. Cars can't be parked here after dark.

7. Shan't we dance after classes?

8. How smart you are, aren't you, Mark?

9. Barbara's art and part of the party.

10. I shan't value Carl's arguments at a brass farthing.

5.1.5. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference between [] and [a:]; [] as in maths, [a:] as in can't.

I

1. I shan't pass the maths exam.

2. I shan't pass in art.

1. Maths is too hard. I can't understand it.

2. I am very bad in art.

1. Perhaps you'll pass.

2. I shan't. Perhaps you'll pass.

1. No, no. I can't pass.

II

1. We've passed.

2. I haven't passed in art, have I?

1. You have. And I've passed in maths. By one mark.

2. Isn't that fabulous?

1. We must have a party.

2. We'll have a fabulous party!

1. Just imagine, we've passed!

5.1.6. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

5.1.7. Read the dialogues in pairs.

*5.1.8. Try to read the tongue-twisters as fast as you can. Pay attention to the sounds [] and [].

1. A big black bug bit

a big black bear,

then a big black bear bit

the big black bug.

And when the big black bear

bit the big black bug,

then the big black bug

bit the big black bear.

bug—клоп

bit (bite)—укусил

bear — медведь

2. Can you imagine an imaginary menagerie manager managing an imaginary menagerie?

imaginary — воображаемый

menagerie [me'nr] — зверинец

to manage — управлять.

5.2. Word-building: -ing, -ism, -an

5.2.1. Compose nouns with the help of suffix -ing and translate them.

act, begin, beat, draw, freeze, grow, hunt, cross, shoot, train.

5.2.2. Answer the following questions:

1. How often do you do your shopping?

2. What painting do you enjoy?

3. When does harvesting begin?

4. Where do you keep your savings?

5. What kind of exercises do you have to do in writing?

5.2.3. Find the pairs of antonyms in the left and right columns:

collectivism    idealism

materialism    leftism

rightism          individualism

atheism         realism

abstractivism  capitalism

communism    religionism

conservatism  barbarism

humanism      progressivism

revolutionism  evolutionism

5.2.4. Give Russian equivalents to the following adjectives:

Palestinian, Hungarian, Canadian, Austrian, Bulgarian, Mexican, Libyan.

5.2.5. Answer the following questions:

1. Where is the Caspian sea?

2. What are the Crimean resorts famous for?

3. What South American countries produce coffee?

4. What Scandinavian countries are monarchies?

5. What Asian rivers are the longest?

5.3. Full understanding

5.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

to protest, placard, to stop, form, regime [re'm], Asia [e], Africa, Latin America, New York, racism, nazism ['ntszm], to finance [fa'nns], racist, fact, progressive, ideology.

*5.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запоминайте:

New words:

to make a speech — произнести речь

food — пища

pour — бедный

meeting — встреча

representative — представитель

to accuse ['kjz] — обвинять

chairman — председатель

defence counsel ['kauns()l] — защитник.

hearing — слушание (судебного дела)

to be over — заканчиваться

to call on — призывать (кого-л.)

crime — преступление

to strengthen ['stre(e)n] — укреплять

to find guilty ['glt] — признать виновным

sitting of the court — заседание суда

prosecutor ['proskjut] — прокурор, обвинитель

prosecution — обвинение

to commit a crime — совершать преступление

witness — свидетель

evidence |'еvd()ns] — свидетельское показание

sentence — приговор

numerous — многочисленный

to look like — быть похожим

to assassinate ['ssnet] — убивать

unemployment — безработица

School vocabulary:

thousand, against, to need, to spend, money, to use, country, together, to defend, world, to think.

*5.3.3. Прочтите и переведите:

At the Meetings

We are in New York now. Together with Jane Snow and thousands of young men and women we are taking part in a meeting of protest against unemployment. Students and professors, workers and employees are protesting against the threat of being fired. You can see slogans and placards everywhere. They say: «We want job! Unemployment — no!»

Look! Jane is making a speech. Listen: «Why can't the government provide job for us? Mr. President must think of the development of national economy and not of supporting political regimes in other countries. He may spend this money on food for poor Americans, but he mustn't use it for military purposes». Everybody is shouting in support of Jane.

Nell Pavlova is also at the meeting but in Rostov. This meeting is taking form of the tribunal. The representatives of many countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America are taking part in the work of this tribunal. They accuse racism and nazism. Everything looks like the real sitting of the court. You can see the prosecutor and the chairman of the tribunal. The prosecutor is speaking about the crimes committed by neonazists and racists in different countries of the world. Then the first witness of the prosecution is taking place at the witness-stand.1 He is giving evidence of financing criminals by some powerful groups. You may also hear the other witnesses giving the true facts of assassinating the progressive leaders in different countries. You can't see the defence counsel here. Nobody wants to defend racists and nazists. The hearing is over and the chairman is reading the sentence. The tribunal finds the neonazism and racism guilty in numerous crimes against humanity and calls on the progressive youth of the world to strengthen the unity in fighting against this dangerous ideology.

Note: 1. witness-stand — место для дачи свидетельских показаний

5.3.4. В тексте есть 5 случаев употребления герундия. Найдите их и переведите эти предложения.

5.3.5. В следующих предложениях с -ing-forms спрятаны предложения с герундием. Найдите их и переведите.

1. I don't like doing such things. 2. He's doing very well at school. 3. Let me finish reading that book. 4.1 think of coming to your place tomorrow. 5. He's against making a speech at the meetings. 6. Testing nuclear weapons is a crime against humanity. 7. The hearing is over. 8. In American courts you can often hear the prosecutor accusing poor people. 9. The defence counsel is using a lot of documents for defending his client. 10. Making his speech the prosecutor says: «Mr. Black couldn't commit this crime without spending much money».

5.3.6. Ваши друзья интересуются, что вы любите, а чего не любите делать. Расскажите им об этом, употребляя в речи герундий.

Model: I like dancing. —1 don't like singing.

5.3.7. Узнайте как можно больше, что ваш партнер умеет делать. Задайте вопросы типа «Can you ...?» Время — 1 мин. Поменяйтесь ролями. Затем суммируйте полученную информацию.

*5.3.8. Представьте, что вы — на митинге протеста в Нью-Йорке, а ваш партнер на процессе в Ростове. Расспросите друг друга, что вы можете видеть и слышать там.

*5.3.9. Скажите по-английски:

1. Ты не можешь выступить на собрании? — Конечно, могу. 2. Я не могу тратить на тебя столько денег. 3. Почему ты не можешь выступить в поддержку молодежи? 4. К сожалению, я не умею говорить по-французски. 5. Вы можете принять участие в митинге протеста? — Да, конечно. 6. Представитель этой страны не может приехать на слушание дела.

5.3.10. Ваш друг не уверен, какой глагол: can или may нужно использовать в следующих ситуациях. Помогите ему, пожалуйста.

1. ...you come to the meeting next Saturday? — I'm sorry, I... not tell you today. ...I phone you on Wednesday? — Certainly. 2. You ... think what you like, but I ... be present at the hearing of this case.— But why? — ...I not tell you just now? — It's up to you.

* 5.3.11. Скажите по-английски:

1. Вы можете прийти в 9 часов? Адвокат, возможно, будет рано. — Хорошо! 2. Позвольте взглянуть на тетрадь. Может быть, это тетрадь моей сестры. 3. Этот роман Кристи может быть и хороший, но очень трудный для меня. Я не могу ничего понять. 4. Слушание закончено. Вы можете подождать в коридоре. 5. Вы можете воспользоваться моим телефоном. 6. Ты можешь поехать со мной? — Можно, я дам ответ завтра?

5.3.12. Предположим, ваш партнер не знает, что он должен и чего не должен делать в университете. Расскажите ему об этом.

5.3.13. Скажите, что должны делать некоторые студенты в вашей группе.

5.3.14. Перед вами запись диалога двух подозреваемых. Можете ли вы объяснить, в каких ситуациях они были записаны?

1. Must I go and see them off? — Yes, I'm afraid you must. I don't feel very well, and I can't go.

2. Must I stay in the same hotel? — No, you needn't. You may meet them next day.

3. Don't forget! 5 o'clock. You mustn't be late. — OK. What must I have? — A newspaper in your right hand.

4. You must ring him up and tell three words. — What words must I tell? — I can't tell you now.

*5.3.15. Скажите по-английски:

1. Вы должны обязательно принять участие в этом митинге. 2. Ты не должен выступать свидетелем. — Но я могу дать важные показания! 3. Защитник может воспользоваться всеми моими документами. 4. Все правительства должны прекратить испытания ядерного оружия. 5. Вы не можете обвинять его в этом преступлении. 6. Молодежь всего мира может и должна бороться против расизма и нацизма. 7. Вы можете видеть тысячи людей, протестующих против угрозы ядерной войны. 8. Но что я могу сделать? — Конечно, ты можешь ничего не делать. Но я думаю, что ты обязан выступить на митинге. 5.3.16. Можете вы назвать 6 действий, которые трудно, легко, приятно, плохо, полезно или бесполезно делать?

Model: It's (bad) to ...

* 5.3.17. Скажите по-английски:

1. Слишком поздно начинать собрание. 2. Давно пора прекратить испытывать ядерное оружие. 3. Мы призываем все прогрессивное человечество усилить борьбу против нацизма и неонацизма. 4. Представители многих штатов приезжают в Нью-Йорк, чтобы принять участие в этом митинге.

*5.3.18. Предположим, что вы — Джейн Сноу. Студенты вашей группы спросят вас о том, как вы принимали участие в митинге. Будьте готовы ответить на эти вопросы.

*5.3.19. Предположим, что вы — Нелли Павлова. Иностранные журналисты спрашивают вас о необычном процессе в Ростове. Будьте готовы ответить на их вопросы.

5.3.20. Ваши бывшие школьные друзья хотят знать, какие тексты вы читаете на занятиях по английскому языку. Так как у вас мало времени, постарайтесь отвечать кратко и сообщите основную идею текста этого раздела в двух предложениях.

5.4. Practice in communication

(Gratitude)

*5.4.1. Read and try to remember.

A. 1. Let me help you.

2. Is there anything I can do for you?

B. 1. Thank you very much indeed.

2. Thanks awfully.

3. Many thanks.

4. I'm very grateful to you.

5. That's/It's (most/very/awfully) kind of you.

6. How very kind of you!

A. 1. Oh, that's OK/all right.

2. Not at all.

3. You're welcome.

4. Don't mention it.

5. It's a pleasure.

5.4.2. Ask someone in the group to do the following things and then express your gratitude:

1. to tell you the time.

2. to tell you the way to the nearest tube station.

3. to lend you some money.

4. to write to you.

5. to post a letter for you.

5.4.3. A friend phones inviting you to a party. You accept but ask whether you can bring along a friend. He says you can. Don't forget to use the expressions of gratitude.

5.5. General understanding

5.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 5)

1. Only a few miles from the house Coke is in, two policemen in a small village police station can hear the wind outside. One of them is a sergeant. The other's much younger.

«I wonder how Mrs Bentley is?» the sergeant asks.

«Mrs Bentley? Oh, you mean that old lady whose husband died a few years ago?»

«That's right. She's deaf, you know, so she never listens to the radio or watches television. In fact, she doesn't even read the papers».

«Oh?» the young policeman says. He wonders why the sergeant wants to tell him all this. Then he finds out.

«Why don't you go out to her place and see if she's all right?»

«Who? Me? On a night like this?»

«It's not far. Besides, you've got your bike, haven't you?»

2. Baxter gets off the train at a small station. There is a detective waiting for him on the platform. He is shaking Baxter's hand.

«My name's Halls, Tom Halls. Scotland Yard phoned us and told us to meet you here. There's a car waiting».

Baxter doesn't waste any time on social formalities.

«Coke escaped more than 24 hours ago. I want to catch him before another 24 hours are up».

Halls is looking at Baxter for a few seconds before he answers.

«A lot of us wonder why Scotland Yard is so interested in this fellow Coke. He isn't the first one to escape».

«Coke isn't just an ordinary prisoner. He's very special. Let's go now?»

3. The young policeman is angry. He is on the road now. The wind is cold and is blowing snow into his face.

«That stupid sergeant!» he thinks. «We must be one of the last stations in England that still uses bikes, and he sends me out on one on a night like this!» When he gets to the top of the hill he sees the house down below, at the bottom of the hill. Just as he is looking down at it, he sees a light go on in one of the rooms upstairs.

«Stupid! That's what it is, sending me out on a night like this!» the policeman says again. Then he gets on his bike and begins to go down the hill very fast, towards the house.

5.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. The sergeant wanted the other policeman to go to Mrs Bently...

a) to bring her the papers;

b) to see if she's all right;

c) to catch the criminal.

2. Halls wonders why...

a) Scotland Yard is so interested in this fellow;

b) Baxter came;

e) Baxter is in such a hurry.

3. The young policeman is angry because..

a) he has no car;

b) the weather is very bad;

c) the house is very far.

5.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. Why do police want fo go to Mrs Bentley's house?

2. Why is Scotland Yard so interested in Coke?

3. Why is the young policeman angry?

4. What does he think about using bikes?

5.5.4. Express the main idea of this episode in one-two sentences.

5.6. Scanning practice

5.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. What does the merchant take with him?

2. What is the monkey doing when the thieves attack the merchant?

3. Where does the monkey lead the magistrate with his men?

5.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

The monkey detective

A merchant goes to Calcutta on some business. He takes with him a large sum of money and some valuable jewels. A monkey, of which he is very fond, also travels with him. Some thieves decide to attack and to rob merchant. On a lonely part of the road they catch him, murder him and take his things. Then they throw the body into a dry well, cover it over with leaves and go away. All this time the monkey is watching them from the tree. When the murderers are out of sight, the monkey goes to the magistrate's house and is crying and moaning and finally makes the magistrate follow him to the well. The magistrate brings some men with him, and one of them goes down into the well where the body of the murdered man is found. The monkey then leads them to the bazaars, and as soon as he sees one of the murderers he runs at him and bites him in the leg. The magistrate's servants come and seize the man. In this way all the murderers are detected by the monkey. They are all caught and punished accordingly.

(202 words)

5.6.3. Answer the questions in 5.6.1. (Books closed.)

5.7. Listening practice

5.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. Where's Jack?

2. What's he doing?

3. Why can't Mrs Taylor help Thomas?

4. What's Mr Taylor doing?

5. Who's Kate phoning to?

6. Why is Thomas asking a lot of questions?

5.7.2. Listen to the dialogues.

5.7.3. Try to answer the questions in 5.7.1.

5.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text.

date — человек, с которым назначено свидание

horror film — фильм ужасов

5.7.5. Listen to the text. Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

5.7.6. Tell the contents of the text in Russian.

5.8. Time for fun

5.8.1. Read and translate the jokes.

1. JUDGE:   Was the prisoner sober?

WITNESS: No, Sir. He was drunk as a judge.

JUDGE:  You mean, «drunk as a lord», of course.

WITNESS: Yes, my lord.

The witness confused the idioms «sober as a judge» — трезвый, как судья; and «drink as a lord» — пьяный, как черт.

2. JUDGE:   Prisoner, what can you say to your justification?

PRISONER: I beg you to take into consideration the fact that my lawyer is very young, sir.

justification — оправдание

take into consideration — принять во внимание

? *5.8.2. Try to solve the riddles:

1. What comes twice a moment, once a minute and never in a hundred years?

2. What relation is that child to its father, that is not its father's own son?

? 5.8.3. Can you solve this magic square in 2 minutes?

1. He or she goes to school every day.

2. People ought to read it every day.

3. Another word for «great, big».

UNIT 6

Фонетика: sounds [], []

Словообразование: суффиксы существительных nсе (-еnсе); -су, суффикс прилагательных -ful; конверсия.

Грамматика: прошедшее время Simple Past, настоящее совершенное Present Perfect, прошедшее время модальных глаголов. Текст: «John's composition»

6.1. Sound right

6.1.1. Listen, look, say:

on       off sorry  call

odd      ox waffle  golf

dog      clock coffee  sol

gone     loss orange  vol

fog       moth opera  loll

lob       want horror  Pol

lodge     watch porridge polka

6.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. Jog on.

2. What a swat!

3. Not for toffies!

4. Possibly not.

5. Upon my honour!

6. What a lot of nonsense!

7. John's dog got lost.

8. Hob and nob, Doc.

9. Poll's gone to the wrong shop.

10. Watch Dob's dog jump.

11. Will you be gone long, John?

12. Dot wants an office-job.

13. Dod's gone off to play golf.

14. Was it not possible to stop Tom?

15. Rod often got into hot water.

6.1.3. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference between [] and []

I

1. T-s-s. The boss is on the bus.

2. But the boss doesn't come by bus.

1. Well, this is a bus and that's the boss.

2. Oh, yes at the front.

1. U-m-m. Next to Molly Monk.

II

1. What's wrong?

2. Nothing is wrong.

1. Something is wrong.

2. It's nothing much.

1. What's the trouble? Has John come?

2. U-m-m. Come and gone.

6.1.4. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

6.1.5. Read the dialogues in parts.

6.1.6. Listen, look, say:

or     awed   ought      all  order

bore  board     bought    ball  autumn

saw    sawed    support   hall  author

thaw  thawed   thought   call  daughter

tore   toward    taught     tall  morning

6.1.7. Listen, look, say:

1. All aboard!

2. Draw in your claws.

3. All the more so.

4. To cut a long story short.

5. It's all your fault.

6. Forewarned is forearmed.

7. George always talks horse.

8. Cora adores small talk.

9. Gordon always puts the cart before the horse.

10. Norton is forcing an open door.

6.1.8. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference between [э] and [э:].

I

1. I've bought a dog, Polly.

2. What sort of dog, Paul?

1. Oh, just an ordinary dog, Polly.

2. What's it called?

1. Oh, it's got just an ordinary name.

2. Is it called Spot?

1. No-it's called ... Polly.

II

1. It's a sort of hog, isn't it? But it's got four  horns!

2. I caught it not far from the cottage, actually.

1. Well, you ought to tell me what it is.

2. It's a ... wart-hog.

1. A wart-hog! Oh! Mm... er... And what will you call your wart-hog?

2. I shall call it — Horace.

6.1.9. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

6.1.10. Read the dialogues in pairs.

* 6.1.11. Try to read the tongue-twisters as fast as you  can. Pay attention to:

1. the sound []

Of all the saws I ever saw saw.  

I never saw a saw as this saw saws.

a saw — пила

to saw — пилить

2. the sound []

Mr Shott and Mr Nott agreed to fight a duel. Nott was shot and Shott was not, so it is better to be Shott than Nott. Shott and not Nott shot the shot that shot Nott. If the shot that Shott shot which shot Nott had shot Shott and not Nott, Shott instead of Nott would have been shot and Nott would not.

3. the difference between [] — []— []

Betty Botta bought a bit o'butter. «But», she said, «this butter's bitter. If I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter». So Betty Botta bought a bit o'better butter and put it in her bitter batter, which made Betty Botta's batter a bit better.

bought (past) — to buy — покупать

a bit— немного

butter — масло

bitter — горький

batter — тесто

6.2. Word-building:

(-ance), (-cy), (-ful)

6.2.1. Give Russian equivalents to the following nouns with suffix -ance (ence):

preference, resemblance, resistance, patience, innocence, significance, difference, independence, influence, insurance.

6.2.2. Make nouns with suffix -cy. Give their Russian equivalents:

sufficient, frequent, efficient, constituent, supreme, extravagant; agent, aristocrat, advocat.

6.2.3. Give antonyms to the following adjectives with suffix -less, using suffix -ful. Translate them into Russian:

meaningless, careless, cheerless, useless, thoughtless, lawless, harmless, powerless, shameless, tasteless.

6.2.4. Answer the following questions:

1. Do you find physical exercises useful?

2. Does your father (mother) look youthful?

3. What thoughtful persons do you know?

4. Is the room you live in cheerful?

5. What sort of activities are wasteful?

6.2.5. Translate into Russian without using a dictionary.

1. No whys. There will be time for that later.

2. He promised to better himself.

3. He is always in the thick of things.

4. John has no say in the matter.

5. I don't know how to word it.

6. Sport is an excellent cure for my diseases.

6.3. Full understanding

6.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

composition, history, structure, basis, feudal ['fjdl], capitalist, group, baron, aristocracy [rs'tkrs], centre, real, to base, modern, fundamental, to control [kn'troul], forum, criticism, information.

Palace of Westminster, Britain, Saxon, Magna Carta, «Lords», «Commons», House of Commons, Cabinet. *6.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

to hold — проводить

to date back — относиться (к прошлому)

king — король

powerful — могущественный

to discuss — обсуждать

to argue ['a:gju:] — спорить

to sign [sam] — подписывать

to accept [k'sept] — принимать

to support (er) — поддерживать (сторонник)

to defeat [d'ft] — наносить поражение

in the middle of—в середине

development — развитие

armed forces — вооруженные силы

adviser — советник

difference — различие

division — разделение

to summon — созывать

growth — рост

School vocabulary:

change (n., v), century, to call, matter, to meet, mark, last, party, to bring.

*6.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

John's composition

Steve's son John was to write a composition about the History of Parliament. He has just finished it and asked his father to read it. Steve couldn't say «no» to his son. That's what he has read:

Britain has the oldest Parliament in the world. This institution has changed over the centuries and has reflected the class structure and economic basis of feudal and capitalist societies.

Parliament is held in the Palace of Westminster. This tradition dates back to Saxon times when the king called to this place a group of powerful barons who discussed with him matters of state. The king often argued with them for his power and money. In 1215 King Henry III refused to accept Magna Carta. A group of powerful barons supported him. But Symon de Monfort defeated them and in 1265 called the first Parliament. From that time the king summoned Parliament and representatives of counties and cities together with the King's advisers from the clergy, and his supporters among the feudal barons met together. As the class differences between the representatives and aristocracy became more marked, the division into the «Lords» and the «Commons» took place.

In the middle of the last century the House of Commons was a centre of real political power. Since those days the growth of the power of the Cabinet, based on the development of the modern party system has brought about a fundamental change. The House of Commons is still the centre of the political stage; but it isn't the centre of the real political power. The House of Commons doesn't control the Cabinet, the civil service or the armed forces. It is in fact a forum for criticism of the Government and for getting the information.

6.3.4. Преподаватель просит вас или ваших друзей сделать что-либо. Откажитесь, сказав, что вы уже делали это в прошлом.

Model: Т. Discuss this story now (last week).

S. But we discussed it last week.

1. Bring me your note-book (yesterday). 2. Go to the theatre and see the new play there (the day before yesterday). 3. Let's read this new book by A. Christy (last year). 4. Send him the text-book by post (last Friday). 5. Sign the document at the dean's office (last week).

6.3.5. Петр Соколов написал это письмо Нелли, когда он был на каникулах. Но теперь, когда он вспоминает летние события, он должен рассказать все это в прошедшем времени. Помогите ему в этом. Сделайте все необходимые изменения.

Dear Nell!

I'm in the country now at my grandmother's. I prepare for my entrance exams here. The place is very nice. I have a lot of friends here and meet them very often. We discuss different things and argue about new books and films. Sometimes we go to the river and swim there. But certainly most of the time I spend on my text-books. I prepare for my history exam now. I read about past centuries, learn the dates and facts about powerful parties, kings, their supporters and advisors. Sometimes when it is very hot I change my plans and go for a walk to the forest. I hope to come back to town very soon and see you again. I miss you very much.

Love, your Pete.

6.3.6. Преподаватель говорит, что вы или ваш друг совершили что-то в прошлом. Вы не соглашаетесь, утверждая, что вы этого не делали.

1. You rang me up yesterday. 2. You went to the re-staurant last week. 3. You forgot to send the telegram. 4. You went shopping at 5 o'clock yesterday. 5. You brought some magazines to the lesson. 6. You bought a new car last month.

6.3.7. Ниже приводятся ответы одного подозреваемого. Можете вы догадаться, какие вопросы задавал его собеседник?

1. We signed this document yesterday at 5. 2. Yes, he accepted my help. 3. But I didn't change the date of this meeting. 4. I learnt some important facts about the armed forces of this country. 5. Yes, I had some supporters there. 6. I brought it last Tuesday.

*6.3.8. Скажите по-английски:

1. Вчера мы обсудили это дело и изменили свое решение. 2. В середине прошлого столетия кабинет министров не обладал реальной политической властью. 3. Группа представителей этой могущественной партии нанесла поражение партии аристократии спустя 2 года. 4. Не было явного различия между двумя капиталистическими партиями. 5. Несколько лет назад он контролировал развитие гражданской службы в стране. 6. Король отказался подписать этот документ вчера.

6.3.9. В своем сочинении Джон, сын Стива, использовал Simple Past 12 раз. Можете вы найти все эти случаи? Переведите эти предложения.

6.3.10. Ниже приводится диалог между Петром и Нелли. Прочитайте его и попытайтесь объяснить, почему они использовали в речи Present Perfect.

— Hello, Nell! I've brought something for you.

— Hi, Pete! What's that?

— Here you are.

— Oh! What a nice bunch of flowers! I love it! Thank you very much.

— And have you seen the new film? With that young actor... er ... I've forgotten his name

— No, not yet.

— Shall we go together?

— Oh, I'd love to. But how about the tickets?

— I've bought two for you and me.

— It's very kind of you. Thanks.

6.3.11. Вам нужно написать статью в студенческую газету о ваших друзьях и о том, как они проводят свое свободное время. Преподаватель будет задавать им вопросы, а вы попытайтесь суммировать их ответы. Эти вопросы помогут вам.

a) 1. How many times have you been to the theatre this month? 2. When did you go? 3. What did you see? 4. How did you like it?

b) 1. How often do you go to the country for the weekend? 2. How many times have you been there this month? 3. Did you go with your family? 4. How long did you stay there?

c) 1. Have you seen any interesting films this week? 2. When did you last see a good film?

d) 1. How many good books have you read this year? 2. Which of them did you like best? 3. Have you got enough time to read much?

e) 1. Have you read the paper today? 2. Do you usually read the paper before you go to college or when you get home after classes?

6.3.12. Вы сегодня в плохом настроении и отрицательно реагируете на все, что преподаватель говорит вам. Не забудьте употреблять Present Perfect и наречия already, yet, just, never.

Mode: Т. You must do this exercise now.

S. I've done it already.

1. You were in St.-Petersburg last year, weren't you? (never).

2. Why didn't you write the letter to your parents? (already).

3. I think you have asked all the questions (yet).

4. I saw you at the theatre yesterday (yet).

5. You say you haven't seen Bob for a long time (just).

6. I know your parents are away (already).

6.3.13. Автор спутал все случаи употребления Present Perfect и Simple Past в этом упражнении. Помогите найти ошибки и объясните их.

1. She has read a lot of books last year. 2. We didn't go to the theatre this month. 3. Did you have holiday this year?— Not yet. 4. What are your plans for summer? — I didn't think about it yet. 5. We've discussed some of these problems last time. 6. When have you bought this car? — Two years ago.

*6.3.14. Скажите по-английски:

1. Он уже принял наше приглашение. 2. Мы с ним никогда не встречались. 3. Они обсудили все дела вчера. 4. Король только что подписал этот документ. 5. Представитель кабинета отказался дать какую-либо информацию о ядерных испытаниях. 6. Вы когда-нибудь слышали о палате общин как центре реальной политической власти? 7. Кого вы привели с собой?

6.3.15. Ваш друг говорит, что он может (должен) сделать что-либо, но вы знаете, что он мог (должен был) сделать это ранее. Скажите ему об этом.

1. I can play piano well. 2.I can't speak English at all. 3. I must buy tickets for you and me. 4. I must give up smoking. 5.I can go shopping to-day. 6. I mustn't say such things now.

6.3.16. Скажите вашему другу, какие 3 действия он должен был (не должен был) сделать и какие 3 действия ему положено было сделать ранее:

Model: 1. You didn't have to bring this text book.

2. You were to come to this meeting.

* 6.3.17. Скажите по-английски:

1. Мы обязательно должны были сделать все упражнения? — Нет, вы могли сделать первые три. 2. Моя дочь могла читать по-английски, когда ей было только шесть лет. 3. Я не мог пойти вчера в театр. 4. Они говорили со мной по-английски, и я сумел понять их! 5. У нас было мало времени, и мы должны были взять такси. 6. Я забыл сказать им о собрании, и мне пришлось им позвонить. 7. Я не смог перевести текст, потому что в нем было очень много новых слов.

6.3.18. Внимание! Проводим соревнование на звание лучшего переводчика! Первый этап соревнования — устно перевести следующие предложения (1 мин), затем закрыть книги и перевести эти предложения на английский язык.

1. The approval of the House of Commons isn't very important for the Government.

2. The representatives of both parties took part in the meeting.

3. The leaders of the party discussed their policy for the elections.

4. The supporters of the President are very powerful.

5. The main force of the Government is the Cabinet.

6. The House of Lords has no influence on the decisions of the Cabinet.

6.3.19. Следующий этап соревнования — вставить в предложения недостающие слова, используя следующий список:

1. ...of the state discussed important questions.

2. The Cabinet has the ... influence in the country.

3. Yesterday the discussion of ... questions of foreign policy took place.

4. Your ... of our decision isn't necessary.

5. This powerful group ... the policy of the state.

6. The king refused ... the delegation.

(to support, powerful, approval, representatives, to accept, fundamental).

6.3.20. Используя 6 слов (из списка в п. 6.3.19), составьте ваши собственные предложения или рассказ. Вы можете получить 1 очко за каждое правильное предложение + 2 очка, если они составят рассказ.

*6.3.21. Давайте посмотрим, насколько хорошо вы помните текст. Сможете ли вы ответить на следующие вопросы, не глядя в текст?

1. What do the changes of the Parliament reflect?

2. What does the tradition of holding the Parliament in Palace of Westminster date back to?

3. What was the history of accepting the Magna Carta?

4. Why did the division between «Lords» and «Commons» take place?

5. What was the House of Commons in the middle of the last century?

6. What has brought about the fundamental change?

7. What is the House of Commons now?

*6.3.22. Предположим, что вам надо написать сочинение об истории парламента (как Джону). Прежде всего вы должны составить план. Попробуйте сделать это сейчас.

*6.3.23. Вы уже написали свое сочинение, а ваш друг — нет, и он просит вас помочь ему. Расскажите ему в нескольких предложениях содержание вашей работы.

6.4. Practice in communication

(Agreement or Disagreement)

*6.4.1. Read and try to remember:

Agreement

1. All right

2. OK — Хорошо, ладно

3. Very well

4. I agree (with you) — Согласен

5. Willingly — Охотно

6. With pleasure — С удовольствием

7. Of course

8. Sure — Конечно

9. By all means

10. Agreed! — Решено! По рукам

11. It's a go! — Идет!

12. Quite so — Совершенно верно

Disagreement

1. I'm of a different opinion

— Я другого мнения.

2. This is out of the question

— Об этом не может быть и речи.

3. I object (to it)     - Я возражаю

4. No go!            — Ничего не выйдет

5. Nothing doing!

— Этот номер не пройдет!

6. Not for the world!  — Ни за что на свете!

7. Nothing of the sort — Ничего подобного

8. Why on earth!      — С какой стати!

9. I doubt in         — Сомневаюсь

6.4.2. Tell someone in the group that you think:

1. English food is excellent;

2. blondes are prettier than brunettes;

3. winter is nicer than summer;

4. fish is better than meat;

5. hard work is very pleasant.

Your partner will agree or disagree with you.

6.4.3. Look, listen and then dramatize:

1. Nell and Pete have just seen a film. He liked it. She didn't. They're close friends so they talk to each other casually.

P. Now, that really was a great film.

N. Nothing of the sort!

P. The best we've seen this year, surely.

N. I'm of a different opinion.

2. Jane and a friend of hers have also seen a film. They both liked it. They aren't close friends so they don't talk to each other very casually. Jane: I thought that quite a good film, didn't you?

Friend: Yes, I did. Quite so.

Jane:    It's one of the best that have come out this year, I think.

Friend: I quite agree with you.

6.4.4. Make any statement you like. Your partner will either agree or disagree with you.

Model: A. You'll be on duty to-day.

B. Why on earth!

6.5. General understanding

6.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 6)

1. «You know your clothes are in a terrible state», the old lady said after the meal. «My husband was just about your size. A little heavier perhaps. All his clothes are upstairs. They are no good to him. He died two years ago». She pointed up to the above them. «Why don't you see if any of his clothes fit you. You can bring them back tomorrow».

«Nobody can be this lucky!» Coke thought to himself. He went upstairs and turned the light on He found a heavy jacket, a woolen shirt and some trousers hanging in the room.

2. «What do you know about Coke?» Baxter asked Halls. They are in the car now. «Very little, I'm afraid. In fact, I don't think, I know anything about him at all. Wasn't he the fellow who was in that spy case about 4 years ago?»

«Yes, that's right. Coke always said it wasn't him... that it was someone else».

«That's what they all say. But what's so special about him?» «Coke was in Army Intelligence. He knew important secrets. We could never understand why he sold them. There wasn't a real motive. Some said he did it for money. We couldn't prove it, but if he was a spy, he still knows too much. We could never find out who he sold secrets to. That's why we have to catch him before he makes contact with any of his old friends!»

3. Coke put the clothes on as quickly as he could. They were old, but they were warm. When he came downstairs, the old lady was still in front of the fire. She smiled when she looked at him. «You know, you look just like my husband in those clothes... when he was much younger, of course». Coke tried to be polite. He wanted to leave quickly.

«I can't thank you enough. It's very kind of you to do all this for me». The old lady did not seem to hear him. «Just like my husband», she said again. Just then, there was a knock on the door.

6.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. Old woman's husband was...

a) a little lighter;

b) a little heavier;

c) of the same size.

2. The police wanted to catch Coke as soon as possible because...

a) he was in Army Intelligence;

b) he was a spy;

c) he could make contact with any of his old friends.

3. There was a knock at the door when...

a) Coke was upstairs;

b) Coke was talking with the old woman;

c) Coke was putting on the clothes.

6.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. What did the old woman offer to Coke?

2. What kind of clothes did Coke find?

3. What was Coke?

4. What couldn't the police prove?

5. Why do they want to catch him as soon as possible?

6. What did the woman say when she looked at Coke?

6.5.4. Express the main idea of this episode in 2-3 sentences.

6.6. Scanning practice

6.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. Who was murdered once?

2. Who guarded the body?

3. What did the king order to do with the body and the dog?

4. What did the dog do when he saw the murderers?

6.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

Crime Will Be Out Sooner of Later

Once during the civil wars of Rome a slave was murdered in one of the city squares, and nobody knew who committed the crime. The murdered slave's dog guarded the body and didn't allow anybody to touch it. The king, travelling that way, saw the animal watching the body. When he learnt that the dog had been there for three days without food or drink he ordered to bury the body and bring the dog to him.

After some time the review of the king's troops took place, and every soldier had to march past the king. All this time the dog lay quietly by the king's side, but on seeing the murderers of his late master, he flew at them with extraordinary fury barking and tearing their clothes. The king took notice of it. He ordered to make an inquest and the criminals confessed the crime. Later they were tried and sentenced to death.

(160 words)

6.6.3. Answer the questions in 6.6.1. (Books closed.)

6.7. Listening practice

6.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. What famous people are there (their professions)?

2. What is the first question of the professor?

3. Has he got any special diplomas?

4. What is he?

6.7.2. Listen to the dialogue.

6.7.3. Answer the questions in 6.7.1.

6.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text. give a big hand — поаплодировать

6.7.5. Listen to the story. Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

6.7.6. Tell the contents of the story in Russian as close to the text as possible.

6.8. Time for fun

6.8.1. Read and then tell it in Russian.

Believe it or not, but...

...The Port Fairy jail (Australia) was built by a Yorkshireman named Broadbent who celebrated its completion so gaily that he became its first prisoner (1857).

...According to the laws adopted in several states (USA) women can easily divorce their husbands if they prove the men snore too loud at night.

? * 6.8.2. Fill in the six missing words.

UNIT 7

Фонетика: sounds [ou], []

Словообразование: суффиксы прилагательных -ary/-ory; -ous 

Грамматика: время Present Perfect Continuous, степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий

Текст: «Steve's story»

7.1. Sound right

7.7.1. Listen, look, say:

bow  bone  boat roll window

doe  dome  dote poll follow

so  soul  soak old yellow

toe  toad  toast told cargo

roe  road  roast cold tomato

low  load  loaf stroll photo

hoe  hoed  host shoulder momento

7.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. Go slow.

2. Follow your nose.

3. Nobody home.

4. Don't grow cold.

5. No bones broken.

6. It's a cold coal to blow at.

7. I vote we go home.

8. Oh, no, don't go home alone.

9. I don't suppose you know Rose.

10. I won't crow over a foe.

7.1.3. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference in pronunciation of the sounds [ou] — [] — [].

I

1. I'm going to the grocer's.

2. Call at the post-office, will you?

1. It closes at four. The shop closes at four too. Can't you go to the post-office? I want a lot of groceries.

2. Oh, all right. I'll go.

1. Get me some stamps, will you?

II

1. I've got to go.

2. Oh, don't go.

1. I've got to.

2. No, you don't have to go.

1. I want to go home.

2. What do you want to go home for?

1. Open the door.

2. It's not locked. Off you go!

1. I'm sorry.

2. Go home if you want to. Go on.

1. I'm sorry.

2. It's all right. I don't mind.

7.1.4. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

7.1.5. Read the dialogues in pairs.

7.1.6. Listen, look, say:

sir  serve surf reserve world

fir firm first early  girl

her heard hurt certain curl

burr bird burst birthday pearl

blur term learn thirteen hurl

7.1.7. Listen, look, say:

1. Certainly, sir.

2. I've overheard the word.

3. I'll turn in early.

4. A worm will turn.

5. What a hurly-burly girl Urse is!

6. I'll see her further first!

7. The work will serve no purpose.

8. My girl has her bursts of work.

9. Why do Gert's dirty work for her?

10. Erna is a proverb and a byword.

7.1.8. Listen and look. Pay attention to the sound [].

I

1. What does Evan do?

2. I'm not certain. But he earns a lot. He has money to burn.

1. And Bernard?

2. Oh, I prefer Bernard, of course, but...

1. What a superb furcoat, by the way.

2. As I say, I prefer Bernard, but...

1. And what beautiful pearls!

II

1. S-s-s. There's a burglar behind the curtain.

2. Are you certain. Bertha?

1. Don't disturb him. He might hurt us or worse he might even murder us.

2. But are you perfectly certain it is burglar?

1. Perfectly. Only a burglar would hide behind a curtain in that way.

2. Oh, Bertha, do you remember Percy Turner?

1. Sh-sh-sh. Gertrude! We're not the girls we were 30 years ago you know.

7.1.9. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

7.1.10. Read the dialogues in pairs.

7.1.11. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference between [] and [].

I

1. Something is burning.

2. Oh, my buns!

1. I love burnt buns.

2. Curse this oven. Curse it!

1. But I prefer burnt buns.

2. It's the worst oven in the world.

1. Wonderful! A perfect bun, perfect!

2. Well, there are thirty of them. Have another.

1. U-m-m. Lovely!

II

1. I work for your brother's company.

2. Come and work for my company. How much money do you earn?

1. Five hundred a month.

2. You're worth another thirty.

1. I worth another hundred. But I mustn't leave your brother.

2. We'll discuss it on Thursday.

1. We have discussed it.

2. Six hundred?

1. Six hundred and thirty.

7.1.12. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

7.1.13. Read the dialogues in pairs.

* 7.1.14. Try to read the tongue-twister as fast as you can.

Robert Rowley rolled

a round roll round.

A round roll Robert

Rowley rolled round.

Where is the round roll

Robert Rowley rolled round?

roll (v.; n.) - катить: ролик

7.2. Word-building: -ary, -ory, -ous

7.2.1. Give Russian equivalents to the following adjectives and word combinations:

military, disciplinary, elementary, evolutionary, reactionary, legendary, traditionary, reformatory;

parliamentary democracy; secondary school, primary school, monetary unit, satisfactory progress.

7.2.2. Give Russian equivalents to the following adjectives:

analogous, religious, famous, barbarous, dangerous, numerous, humorous, scandalous, victorious.

7.2.3. Explain the meaning of the following word combinations in English.

a mountainous country; a courageous boy; continuous rain; murderous blow; delicious cake; an anonymous gift.

7.3. Full understanding

7.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

procedure [pr'sd], session, throne, sovereign ['svrn], debates, Speaker, Prime Minister, Leader of the Opposition, parliamentary.

*7.3.2. Look, listen, say, remember:

New words:

rule (n.) — правило, норма

occasion ['ke()n] — случай

right (n.) — право

Queen — королева

to arrive — прибывать

independence — независимость

honour ['n] — честь

duty — обязанность

dangerous ['dendrs] — опасный

to preside [pr'zad] — председательствовать

to decide — решать

vote (n. v.) — голос, голосовать

full — полный

particular — (зд.) специальный

School vocabulary:

already, beginning, set (n.), to send, to follow, speech, chair, equal, to believe.

*7.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите.

Steve's story

Steve has been telling his story for half an hour already. Would you like to listen to him? That's what he is saying:

«Many forms and rules of parliamentary procedure date back to the beginning of the sixteenth century.

People outside Great Britain believe that if they elect the man to sit in the Parliament he has a seat there. But the House of Commons has seats for only about two thirds of its members. Thus on great occasions when the House is full, members have to sit in the gangways. Only four members of the House of Commons have reserved seats: the Speaker, the Prime Minister, the Leader of the Opposition and the member who is in the Parliament for the longest unbroken period. Ministers sit on the front bench, but have no right to any particular seat there.

The Queen usually opens the new session of Parliament. When she takes her seat on the throne she sends the official of the House of Lords, called Black Rod,1 to call the Commons. When he arrives at the door of the House of Commons they bang it in his face to show their independence. After this they follow Black Rod into the chamber of the House of Lords, where they stand while the Queen reads her speech. During the election of the Speaker, when he is going to his great chair at one end of the House, he struggles and pretends that he doesn't wish to accept the honour. This comes from the days when men were afraid to become the Speaker. It was because the sovereign and the House of Commons often quarrelled and the Speaker's duty of acting as go-between was both difficult and dangerous.

Nowadays the Speaker no longer takes part in debates as other members do. He presides over the debates and decides which member is to speak at any particular moment. Often several wish to speak and they stand up and try «to catch the Speaker's eye», as they call it. The Speaker doesn't take part in the debates, and he doesn't vote at the end of them. But if the Government and the Opposition gain an equal number of votes, then the Speaker has the casting vote.

1. Black Rod — «Черный жезл», герольдмейстер (постоянное должностное лицо в Палате лордов, во время церемоний несет черный жезл, титул существует с 1350 г.)

7.3.4. Можете ли вы догадаться, в каких ситуациях были сказаны следующие фразы? И кто их сказал?

1. I've been waiting for you for two hours already!

2. He's been walking near my house since morning.

3. I'm afraid of this man. He's been watching me for half an hour.

4. I've been looking for him everywhere but still can't find.

5. It's the limit! You've been talking over the phone for 40 minutes!

6. I've been working here for 30 years and I know who's who.

7.3.5. Найдите в следующих диалогах Present Perfect Continuous. Почему автор воспользовался этим временем? Передайте эти шутки вашим друзьям по-русски.

1. — Look here, waiter, I've just found a button in my soup.

— Oh, thank you, sir. I've been looking all over for it.

2. Father: My dear, if you want a good husband, marry Mr Goodheart. He really loves you.

Daughter: How do you know that, Dad?

Father: Because I've been borrowing money of him for six months, and still he keeps coming.

7.3.6. Автор сделал несколько ошибок, используя Present Times. Помогите ему обнаружить их.

1. — Oh, here you are, at last! I wait for you for half an hour. What are you doing?

— I've been shopping. I've bought a new hat. Do you like it? I'm tired. I walk round the shops for nearly four hours.

2. — What have you been looking for?

— My keys.

— As a rule, you are carring them in your coat pocket.

— That's right, but they are not there.

— Oh, here they are. They are lying under your gloves all the time.

*7.3.7. Скажите по-английски:

1. Послушай! Анна поет в соседней комнате. Она поет очень хорошо. Она учится в консерватории уже 3 года. 2. Что вы пишете? — Я пишу письмо своей сестре. Мы часто пишем письма друг другу. Сейчас она работает над своей книгой. Она работает над ней уже несколько месяцев. 3. Что ты сейчас делаешь? — Я готовлюсь к семинару по истории государства и права. — По-моему, ты готовишься уже давно. — Да, этот семинар очень трудный. Я готовлюсь уже несколько часов. — Но обычно ты быстро готовишься. — Да, а вот к этому семинару я готовлюсь с трех часов.

7.3.8. Ваши друзья говорят о вещах, в которых, как вы думаете, вы разбираетесь лучше. Выскажите им свое мнение.

Model: A. The film... is very interesting.

В. But the film... is more interesting.

C. And the film... is the most interesting.

1. the book is good; 2. jazz-band is famous; 3. our hostel is beautiful: 4. this subject is interesting. 5. this man is tall; 6. our university is old.

7.3.9. Предположим, вы берете интервью у знаменитого актера (писателя, спортсмена). Постарайтесь использовать в своих вопросах степени сравнения.

Model: What was the most important event in your life?, etc.

7.3.10. Машинистка пропустила несколько слов в следующих предложениях. Пожалуйста, восполните пробелы, используя слова в скобках.

1. The House of Commons ... an important bill.

2. Each member ... for the proposal.

3. Everybody demanded ... for this state.

4. It was time...

5. He was elected ... at the meeting.

(independence, to preside, voted, to accept, to send, occasion, to act)

7.3.11. Что-то случилось с этими предложениями: все слова поменялись местами. Поставьте их в правильном порядке.

1. carefully acted very the Prime Minister.

2. member a vote the House of Commons in has each.

3. the young struggles its for independence state.

4. presides the House of Commons the Speaker in.

7.3.12. Хорошо ли вы помните текст этого урока? Можете вы закончить следующие предложения в соответствии с текстом, но не глядя в него?

1. Members of the House of Commons have to sit in the gangways because...

2. When Black Rod arrives to the door of the House of Commons it is banged into his face because...

3. The Speaker struggles when he is going to his great chair because...

4. The Speaker has the casting vote when...

*7.3.13. Вашему другу нужно пересказать текст этого урока, но одному ему не справиться. Ответьте на его вопросы: этим вы ему поможете.

1. Who has reserved seats in the Parliament?

2. Have the ministers right for reserved seats?

3. Who opens the session of the Parliament?

4. Where does the Queen send Black Rod?

5. Do the members of the House of Commons  follow Black Rod?

6. Why were the men afraid to become Speaker?

7. What is the business of the Speaker nowa days?

8. Why do the members stand up and try «to catch the Speaker's eye»?

*7.3.14. Предположим, что вы — а) член британского парламента и выступаете перед группой иностранных студентов, рассказывая им о парламентской процедуре; б) Джон Кинг и пытаетесь вспомнить, что ваш отец говорил  вам о парламенте и его работе.

* 7.3.15. Скажите по-английски:

1. Премьер-министр действовал согласно правилам парламентской процедуры. 2. Оппозиция боролась за право послать своих представителей на эту сессию. 3. Королева прибыла, чтобы произнести тронную речь. 4. Лидер оппозиции и премьер-министр обсуждают этот вопрос с самого утра.

7.4. Practice in communication

(Approval and Disapproval)

*7.4.1. Read and try to remember.

Somebody has done or is going to do something you approve or disapprove of. Here are some ways of expressing your feelings:

Approval

1. (That's) a good idea!

2. Wonderful! (Excellent, splendid).

3. Very wise (sensible) of you.

4. Well done!

5. Good for you!

6. I'm all for it!

7. That's it!

Disapproval

1. That's not a (very) good idea.

2. That's silly.

3. I'm all against it.

4. I wouldn't say I like it.

5. Rubbish!

7.4.2. Express your approval on disapproval of the following statement made to you by a close friend.

1. I'm going on a diet.

2. I'm going to learn Japanese.

3. We're going to get engaged.

4. I'm going to telephone the police.

5. I've bought a new car.

6. I've become a student.

7.4.3. Look, listen and then dramatize:

WIFE: I feel terribly bored. I'm going to take a Job.

HUSBAND: Good!

WIFE: Then I can buy my own car.

HUSBAND: Splendid!

WIFE: And pay for my own clothes.

HUSBAND: That's an excellent idea.

7.4.4. A friend of yours telephones to tell you of his/her plans for the summer holidays. You approve of some of the plans but not of others. Begin like this:

A. Hullo! I've decided to go to the seaside in July.

B. ...

7.5. General understanding

7.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 7)

1. The deaf old lady did not hear the knock, but Coke did. His heart began to pound wildly. He had to decide what to do, and quickly.

«There's someone at the door», he said loudly, but the old lady did not understand. «There's someone at the door», he said again, this time even more loudly than before. She went out of the room and Coke quickly stepped back into the shadows of the front room.

2. The old lady opened the front door. Coke could see her quite clearly, but nothing else. He listened carefully.

«Hello, Mrs Hartley. I'm from the village police station. The sergeant sent me. I've got something to tell you».

Then Coke saw the policeman very clearly. The old lady and the policeman came through the door into the sitting-room. Coke was behind the door, so the policeman couldn't see him.

«Good evening officer. Can I help you?» Coke said very loudly and clearly. The policeman turned around and looked at Coke. He was very surprised. Then Coke hit him hard as he could in the stomach and he fell to the floor heavily. The old lady screamed. The policeman tried to get up, but fell back weakly. Coke ran out of the room.

3. The phone rang about five minutes later at the local police headquarters. Hall answered it. «What? Coke? Where? When?» Baxter stood up as soon as he heard Coke's name. He quickly put his hat and coat on. Halls listened carefully to the voice on the other end and quickly made a few notes. Then he put the phone down and turned to Baxter. «Well, we know where Coke is now. A policeman almost caught him only five minutes ago».

«What do you mean, he almost caught him? Did he catch him or didn't he?» «No, he got away. He stole the policeman's bike».

7.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. When Coke heard the knock...

a) he calmly went to the door;

b) his heart began to pound wildly;

c) he took out his knife.

2. When Coke saw the policeman...

a) he decided to kill him;

b) he decided to use his knife;

c) he stepped back and waited.

3. When Coke hit the policeman...

a) the old lady screamed;

b) the policeman ran after him;

c) he didn't know what to do.

4. Baxter learnt that...

a) the policeman caught Coke;

b) Coke stole the policeman bike;

c) Coke hit the policeman.

7.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. Where did Coke hide?

2. What did Coke do when the policeman entered the room?

3. What did Halls learn on the phone?

4. What did Coke steal?

7.5.4. Make the plan of this episode in 3 sentences.

7.6. Scanning practice

7.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. How many members must be present at the session of the House of Commons?

2. When do most of the members of House of Lords appear in the House?

3. When must the members bow to the chair?

7.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

From Monday to Thursday the House of Commons, when in session, meets daily in the early afternoon. Most members of the House of Commons do not attend Parliament all the time it is in session, but at least 50 members must be present. If a member calls for a «Count» and fewer than this number are present, the House is adjourned.

The House of Lords meets on only three days a week, for hours. Not more than 100 peers take part in the regular work of the House. The rest of them appear only on ceremonial occasions.

There is a chair at the top of the House of Commons, in which sits Mr Speaker or his deputy when the House is in session. Every member entering or leaving the House is supposed to bow to the chair — not to the occupant, for the chair may be empty; still they must bow. Some members make quite a ceremony of it.

(161 words)

7.6.3. Answer the questions in 7.6.1. (Books closed.)

7.7. Listening practice

7.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. How many countries has Elmar seen?

2. Why does he want a thousand dollars?

3. Whom has Elmar met?

4. How many rolls of films has he used?

7.7.2. Listen to the dialogue.

7.7.3. Answer the questions in 7.7.1.

7.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text.

missing — пропавший

curly — кудрявый, волнистый

7.7.5. Listen to the dialogue.Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

7.7.6. Tell the contents of the dialogue in Russian as close to the text as possible.

7.8. Time for fun

7.8.1. Read and then tell it in Russian. Believe it or not, but...

...when a masked man tried to rob the post office at Darley Abbey, Derbyshire, an official just threw a cup of hot tea in his face and the bandit fled.

...The governor of Indiana signed a law banning riding in a public bus for persons who have had a meal seasoned with garlic. The law breakers may be sentenced to confinement or a fine of 10 dollars.

? *7.8.2. And now try to solve this crossword.

ACROSS: 1. With anger. 6. The pronoun «we» in the objective case. 7. The number 1. 8. Prefix, meaning «against». 9. Antonym of «far». 11. To make use of the eyes. 13. A preposition. You can guess it from the following sentences: «The Mediterranean Sea is... Europe and Africa». «A river flows... its banks». 15. An antonym of «clever, bright». 16. To flow back from land to sea (speaking of the tide). 17. An enthusiastic supporter of a football team, for example. 18. In this (that) way; thus.

DOWN: 1. A sound or signal giving a warning of danger. 2. Destruction; serious damage. 3. The verb «to be» in the Present Indefinite, 3d person singular. 4. The reflexive and emphatic pronoun in the 2d person. 5. Making deaf, especially by a loud noise (the Present Participle). 10. Clever, showing knowledge or skill. 12. You will form the plural of «toot, goose, tooth» by replacing «oo» by these letters. 14. Napoleon lived on this island in 1814-1815.

UNIT 8

Фонетика: sounds [u:], [u]

Словообразование: суффиксы глагола -fy, -ate, -en

Грамматика: будущее время Simple Future, сравнительные конструкции as...as; not so...as 

Текст: «Elections»

8.1. Sound right

8.1.1. Listen, look, say:

too tomb  tooth  tool due junior

boo booed  boot  cool view prudent

rue rude  route  rule hue wounded

who whom  hoot  fool new whooping

coo cooed  coot  pull few balloon

sou soon  soup  spool pew protrude

Lou lose  loose  stool stew include

8.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. Who'll do the rooms?

2. Do as I do.

3. Sue's true blue.

4. Ruth can't say boo to a goose.

5. You are a nuisance, too.

6. Don't you be too soon, Bruce.

7. Lou grew too big for his boots.

8. Prue knew who's who.

9. I see Prudie once in a blue moon. 10. Read the newspaper review through and through.

8.1.3. Listen and look. Pay attention to the sound [u]: [u] as in good, [u:] as in boot.

I

A. Who would he choose?

B. He'd choose you.

A. He wouldn't choose me — I'm much too young. He doesn't think I could do it.

B. Well, if he wouldn't choose you, who would he choose?

A. He'd choose Wood. Wood's very good.

B. Mm-much too good to be true.

II

A. We should be there by two.

B. Yes. It's a full moon. And the route's good.

A. I'll put the things in the boot.

B. The boot's full.

A. What has that fool put in the boot?

B. I wouldn't look if I were you...

A. Or I should say ... who's he put in the boot?

8.1.4. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

8.1.5. Read the dialogues in pairs.

8.1.6. Listen, look, say:

good    look      woman    full

could   put       sugar     bull

would   foot      pudding  wool

should  book     butcher   wolf

room    push      woolen    wolves

hood    cook      cushion   pulpit

wood   puss      bullet    pullman

8.1.7. Listen, look, say:

1. It looks good.

2. Put your foot down.

3. Keep a good look out.

4. Fuller took good aim.

5. I wouldn't put it past Foots.

6. Woolner refused to put foot out.

7. It wouldn't look good, would it?

8. Wolf is put to the push.

9. Would you help the woman, if you could?

10. I couldn't help looking, could I?

11. If only Foot should pull through.

12. Pull devil! Pull baker! Bully for you!

8.1.8. Listen and look. Pay attention to the sound [u]: [u] as in foot, [] as in cut.

I

A. I've cut my foot.

B. Let me look. Ummm... Not much of a cut. No blood. Just put a plaster on it. Cover it up.

A. It's the other foot actually.

II

A. Could you come for lunch? B. I wish I could come, but... A. I'm cooking a duck.

B. A duck? Mmmm...

A. I've just made the pudding.

B. Oh! A pudding?

A. With nuts!

B. Nuts? Mmmm... A wonderful lunch! Wonderful!

A. It would be lovely if you could come.

B. I'd love to come mother...

A. Good. Come at once.

B. But...

8.1.9. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

8.1.10. Read the dialogue in pairs.

*8.1.11. Try to read the toungue-twister as fast as you can.

A tutor who taught on the flute,

Tried to teach two young footers to toot.

Said the two to the tutor:

«It is harder to toot, or To tutor two tooters to toot?»

8.2. Word-building: -ify, -ate, -en

8.2.1. Paraphrase the following word-combinations using -ify:

make or become more intense; arrange in classes; make simple; make pure; unite (form into one).

8.2.2. Make pairs of antonyms:

complicate     purify

pollute         horrify

separate        simplify

please          nullify

establish       unify

8.2.3. Give Russian equivalents for the following verbs with suffix -en:

darken, broaden, tighten, sweeten, deepen, strengthen, threaten, sharpen, blacken, redden.

8.2.4. Answer the questions:

1. When. do the days begin to lengthen?

2. What did the fascists threaten to do?

3. What heightens your interest in your studies?

4. What can you do to brighten the classroom?

5. What strengthens the world peace?

8.3. Full understanding

8.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

constitution, organ, candidate ['knddt], to inform, deputy ['depjut], local, periodically, President, practice ['prkts], register ['redst], guarantee [,gr()n't], qualification, Democrats ['demkrts], Republicans, platform, Russia, referendum, Federation.

*8.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запоминайте:

New words:

population — население

suffrage ['sfr] — избирательное право

citizen — гражданин

mass media — средства массовой информации

majority — большинство

to elect — выбирать

elector — выборщик

to represent — представлять

voter — избиратель

to receive — получать

as well as — так же, как

right (n) — право

to participate — принимать участие

set — набор, список

authority — власть

School vocabulary: both ... and

*8.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Elections

Tomorrow is the great day for Peter Sokolov. For the first time in his life he'll take part in the general elections of this country. According to the constitution of Russia all organs of state power are elected by the entire adult population on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot1. The right to elect and be elected to the bodies of state power and local authorities, and also to take part in the referendum is guaranteed by the Constitution of Russian Federation. Pete will vote for some candidate tomorrow, but he himself can't be elected yet, because he's only 18. Under the law every citizen of this country at the age of 21 can be elected to the Parliament. The candidate whom Pete will vote for was nominated by the university. Pete knows that periodically the deputies will inform their electors about their activity during the meetings with them and also with the help of mass media.

Jane Snow will also take part in the elections of the President next year. But her vote isn't a direct one. In November voters in each state give their votes for candidates. By practice the electors must vote for the candidate who gets majority of votes in their state even if his majority is very small. Before voting in November every citizen must register in accordance with the laws of his state. This gives him the right of participating in «primaries»2. The US constitution guarantees every citizen the right to vote but the states with the help of numerous qualifications deprive a lot of people of this right. And those who do vote can only make their choice practically between two sets of candidates — Democrats and Republicans whose political platforms are practically alike.

1. universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot — всеобщее, равное и прямое избирательное право при тайном голосовании

2. «primaries» — первичные выборы

8.3.4. Вы собираетесь пригласить вашего друга на вечер. Спросите его, что он будет делать завтра.

8.3.5. Несколько студентов сказали преподавателю, что вы и некоторые ваши друзья собираетесь совершить завтра нечто ужасное. Разубедите его, скажите, что вы не сделаете ничего подобного.

8.3.6. Перед вами диалог между двумя подозреваемыми. Но вам известны слова только одного из них. Восстановите слова его собеседника.

1. ...

2. Yes, I will. I'll come and bring everything.

1...

2. I think I'll come at 2 as usual.

1. ...

2. I'll leave everything at our usual place.

1. ...

2. No, I won't. Nobody will know about it.

1. ...

2. No, I won't. I'll wait for your telephone call.

*8.3.7. Скажите по-английски:

1. В следующем году я приму участие в выборах. 2. Через 5 лет мы станем юристами. 3. Не приходи ко мне в 6. Меня не будет дома в это время. 4. Президент не будет выступать перед избирателями завтра. 5. Кто будет представлять кандидата на собрании? 6. Большинство граждан будет голосовать за этого кандидата. 7. Вы будете выдвигать своего кандидата на выборах? — Нет, не будем. 8. Когда ты будешь встречаться с избирателями?

8.3.8. Предположим, что вы — следователь. В вашем распоряжении несколько предложений, собранных попарно. Если вы соедините каждую пару в одно предложение, вы получите очень важную информацию.

1. You will knock at the door three times. Miss Black will open the door.

2. You will come in time. You will receive some very important information.

3. You will get into the house. You will find the sealed letter.

4. You won't phone him. There will be a crime.

5. The Smiths won't pay money immediately. Their son won't return.

8.3.9. Предположим, что вы — свидетель. Вы знаете трех подозреваемых: Mr. Green, Mr. Brown and Mr. White. Следователь просит вас дать сравнительные характеристики всех троих. Эта информация будет ему очень полезна.

Height  Weight   Size      Arms    Ears

           (foot)

GREEN     5'6"   12st 11lb  8    very long  normal

BROWN    6'1"  13st 2lb    9    long           large

WHITE      4'8"    9st 5lb    7    short     small

' - ft (30,5 cm);" - in (inch) - 2,5 cm; 1 foot - 12 inches; st (stone) — 6,5 kg; lb (pound) — 0,5 kg; 1 stone

— 14 pounds

8.3.10. Двое ваших друзей никак не могут прийти к соглашению, сравнивая свой рост и вес. Помогите им.

* 8.3.11. Скажите по-английски:

1. Сегодня мы выучили столько же английских слов, сколько и вчера. 2. Завтра мы придем на занятия раньше, чем обычно. 3. Завтра у Петра самый важный день. 4. Мне нужно гораздо меньше времени, чтобы прочитать текст, чем перевести его. 5. Вчера лекции начались не так рано, как обычно. 6. Ростовский университет моложе МГУ. 7. Наше общежитие в центре города гораздо старше общежития на Западном. 8. Наш новый преподаватель самый молодой на факультете. 9. Чем больше я читаю произведения этого писателя, тем больше они мне нравятся. 10. Чем громче ты кричишь, тем меньше я тебя понимаю.

8.3.12. А теперь снова конкурс на звание лучшего переводчика. В первом туре вам предстоит перевести следующие предложения:

1. For the first time in his life he'll take part in the general elections. 2. The entire adult population takes part in the election of the organs of state power. 3. The majority of the citizens of this country enjoy their suffrage. 4. Both you and your friend will represent our organization. 5. The voter couldn't make a choice between two candidates, because both of them had represented similar programmes. 6. He had no right to receive the representatives of that country.

8.3.13. Во втором туре вы должны перевести эти предложения вновь на английский язык. (Книги закрыты.)

8.3.14. Третий тур. Постарайтесь закончить следующие предложения из текста, не заглядывая в книгу:

1. Voters in each state...

2. Before voting in November every citizen must...

3. The state with the help of numerous qualifications...

* 8.3.15. Предположим, что вы — Петр или Джейн. Вам интересно, как проходят выборы в ваших странах. Расспросите друг друга.

*8.3.16. Вам предстоит написать статью о различиях в избирательных системах России и США. Прежде чем писать статью, необходимо составить план. Сделайте это так:

Russia                  The USA

1. ................           1.................

*8.3.17. Представьте опять, что вы — Петр или Джейн. Вы только что побеседовали о выборах в ваших странах и теперь расскажите вашим друзьям, что вы узнали об избирательных системах России и США.

8.4. Practice in communication

(Accusal and Defence)

8.4.1. Read and try to remember:

Someone accuses you of having done something wrong. You know or feel you haven't done it. Here are some ways of defending yourself.

1. I'm sorry, but I don't think I did/you're right.

2. Oh, no. I didn't.

3. Really ? Did I ?

4. Are you sure ?

5. What makes you think/say that ?

8.4.2. Tell someone that he or she:

1. told you a lie;

2. stole your gloves (handbag, passport);

3. owes you some money;

4. left the lights on;

5. left the car door open;

6. took your umbrella;

7. dropped some ink on your new carpet.

He or she will respond by using one of expressions in 8.4.1.

8.4.3. Look through the dialogues and insert the missed parts. Dramatize the dialogues.

I

A. Any more fares?

B. Oxford Circus, please.

A. The fare's 30p now, sir.

B. Yes, I know.

A. But you only gave me 10 p.

B. No, ... I ...

A. Look, here's the 10 p you gave me.

B. Are...?

A. Absolutely sure.

B. I'm sorry, but I don't think... But anyhow here's another 20 p.

II

A. You still owe me 10, you know.

B. No, I don't... (right).

A. Oh, yes; I am.

B. ...?

A. Absolutely.

8.4.4. Accuse your partner of something. He/she will defend him/herself.

8.5. General understanding

8.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 8)

1. Baxter got into the car first. Halls was right behind him. «You drive. You know the area better than I do». Baxter said. They raced out of the town and into the dark countryside.

Ten minutes later, about three miles from the old lady's house, Baxter suddenly saw someone on the dark road ahead. «Look! There!» he shouted. «There's someone on a bike! And look! He's going to get off!» Halls saw the man quite clearly, but only for a second. As soon as the man saw they were in a police car, he dropped his bike and ran into the trees at the side of the road. «That's Coke!» Baxter shouted. «He isn't going get away this time!» Baxter jumped out of the car even before Halls stopped it, and ran after Coke. Halls jumped out, too. He didn't switch off the headlights.

2. All Coke's training as a soldier helped him now. Baxter was just behind him when Coke suddenly turned. Baxter tried to grab him but almost tost his balance. Then Coke hit him on the chin as hard as he could. Baxter fell to the ground heavily. At that moment, Halls jumped on Coke from behind but Coke threw him over his back and against a tree and then ran back towards the road before Halls could get up. Even when he did, he fell to the ground again. There was a terrible pain in his ribs. Coke saw the police car very clearly. The headlights were still on and the door was open. Coke jumped in. When Baxter and Halls came to themselves it was too late. Coke was gone and so was their car.

Coke drove for about twenty minutes. He felt nervous in the police car but he knew it was his only chance. Suddenly something on the road ahead attracted his attention. Two police cars were there, side by side, blocking the road. Nothing could get by them!

3. The two policemen at the road block were bored. Suddenly they saw a car coming towards them.

«It's a police car», one of them said. «Perhaps they're bringing us some hot coffee, or something to eat». The car was still a good distance away. «Isn't it going to stop?» «It doesn't look like it. Shall we stop it? Our orders are to stop every car». Just then, they heard the two-tone sound of the horn. «Would you move the car out of the way, Bob, or shall I?» «But our orders were...» «You don't think Coke's going to come through here in a police car, do you?» The policemen hardly had time to move back their cars when Coke shot through the narrow gap and raced down the road in the direction of London.

8.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. As soon as the man saw they were in a police car...

a) he began to drive faster;

b) he dropped his bike and ran into the trees;

c) he stopped and walked for them.

2. When Halls jumped on Coke from behind Coke...

a) threw him over his back;

b) hit him on the chin;

c) seized him.

3. Coke could get into the car because...

a) the headlights were on;

b) the door was open;

c) he had the key.

4. The policemen let Coke pass because...

a) they recognized him;

b) they thought it was the police officer in the car;

c) he signalled to them.

8.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. Where did Halls and Baxter see Coke?

2. What did Coke do as soon as he saw the police car?

3. What helped Coke to escape this time?

4. What did Halls feel?

5. What did Coke see on the road?

6. What did the policemen think about the car coming towards them?

8.5.4. Give the main idea of the extract in 3-4 sentences.

8.6. Scanning practice

8.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. Where did he think he lost the lighter?

2. What did he take with him when he went to the police station?

3. What did he realize when he got home?

8.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

How I lost my lighter

The last time I went to Exham I lost my lighter. The lighter was old but it had been a present from my mother. I tried hard to remember where and how I could have lost it. I wondered when I had last used it. At first I could not remember. Then I knew. It had been on that bus I had taken on my way back from the National Gallery to the boarding-house. An old man had asked me to give him a light and I had. I well remembered how he handed the lighter back to me, so it must have disappeared either while I was on the bus or later, in the street, between the bus stop and my boarding-house because it was there that I discovered my loss.

So I decided to get in touch with the police. Off I went. The moment I stepped outside the door I realized it was raining hard, so I returned to my room to take my umbrella.

I reported my loss to the officer on duty at the enquiry desk saying that the lighter had my initials engraved on it: N. S. «Very well. Let's see the lost-and-found book». The police officer lifted a heavy black book on to his desk, opened it, and ran his finger down the page. «Quite a few things have been brought in from all over the district today. Keys, wallet, glasses, handbag, bottle of whisky, right glove, umbrella, pocket transistor, two books, camera...» The officer continued his list of objects for a little longer and then suddenly he raised his voice: «Lighter! What did you say your initials are, sir?» «N. S., sergeant». «And N. S. they are».

The rest was a simple formality. The officer gave me my lighter and filled out a form for me to sign. I left a tenshilling note as a reward for the finder, and left the police-station. I took a taxi home, and only after I had got home did I realize that I had left my umbrella at the police-station.

(349 words)

8.6.3. Answer the questions in 8.6.1.

8.7. Listening practice

8.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. Why is Peter looking at his watch?

2. Who's going into the cinema?

3. What are some people doing?

4. Where's Peter sitting?

5. What's a lady wearing?

6. Why's Lulu unhappy?

7. Why is the girl in the film crying «Help!»?

8.7.2. Listen to the story.

8.7.3. Answer the questions in 8.7.1.

8.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text. terrific — потрясающий

8.7.5. Listen to the dialogue. Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

8.7.6. Tell the contents of the dialogue in Russian as close to the text as possible.

8.8. Time for fun

8.8.1. Read and translate the jokes.

1. It only made matters worse

A husband said to his friend: «My wife doesn't allow me to sleep. She is afraid of thieves, she wakes me up if

she hears the slightest noise, and makes me get up to see if there are burglars in the house».

«You can easily get over that difficulty. Just explain to your wife that thieves don't make any noise; they work quietly and don't disturb anybody». «I've already done that, old man, but it only made matters worse. Now she gets me up several times every night because she hears nothing».

2. «Have you anything to say for yourself before I pass the sentence?» the judge said to the pickpocket. «What good have you ever done for mankind?» «Well, Your Honour», said the prisoner, «I've kept four or five detectives working regularly and I've helped several reporters, prison guards, and you keep their jobs».

UNIT 9

Фонетика: sound [w]

Словообразование: суффикс наречия -ly 

Грамматика: прошедшие времена Past Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous

Текст: «Pete's travel to London»

9.1. Sound right

9.1.1. Listen, look, say:

we  wool   sweet  twice  queenwhere

work   walk   swift   twelve  quick which

why   ward   swam   twenty quite    whale

way   wood swan   twin   question wet

west   was    swore tweed quarrel wine

war    win    swine twist   quiet weather

9.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. Why worry?

2. We wondered where we were.

3. I wonder what's wrong with Wyn.

4. The sweater will wear well.

5. Wilful waste makes woeful want.

6. Walter always knows what's what.

7. It was a wonder the weather was so wet.

8. Winnie is as weak as water.

9. Watt is as swift as the wind.

10. No sweet without some sweat.

9.1.3. Listen and look. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the sound [w].

I

( [w] as in want)

A. Where's the wagon?

B. Where's what wagon?

A. The water wagon.

B. What water wagon?

A. The wagon with the water.

B. What water?

A. I want water.

B. We all want water.

A. Well, where's the water?

B. Good question!

II

( [w] as in want, [v] as in very)

A. Come on, Vicky. Time for our evening walk. Vicky! Evening walk time! Vicky, why won't you come for your walk this evening? You know we go for our walk at seven every evening. Talk, Vicky, please. Talk. Use words. You don't have to growl — you have a voice you know. Perhaps we should've called you Rover. Oh, I'm going! Here — have a bone!

9.1.4. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

9.1.5. Read the dialogues in pairs.

9.1.6. Try to read the tongue-twister as fast as you can:

Whether the weather be fine Or whether the weather be not, Whether the weather be cold Or whether the weather be hot, We'll weather the weather Whatever the weather Whether we like it or not.

9.2. Word-building: -ly

9.2.1. Give Russian equivalents to the following word combination:

to rain continually, highly interesting book, to translate literally, to watch TV nightly, to listen

to music occasionally, to work seasonally, to be dressed warmly.

9.2.2. Paraphrase the following word-combinations using -ly:

in an ideal manner, in an idle manner, in a mad manner, showing the skill of a master, done once a month, in the second place, in a short time, to a slight degree, in a strong manner.

9.2.3. Answer the following questions:

1. Do you willingly get up early in the morning?

2. What do you chiefly eat in the morning?

3. Do you work mostly at night or in the daytime?

4. Do you buy books regularly or occasionally?

9.3. Full understanding

9.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

delegation, mile, bank, firm, business, theatre, restaurant ['rest()ron], guide [ad], lady, clerk [kla:k], Great Britain, Thames [temz], Westminster ['westmnst], City, Mansion House ['mn()n], Lord Mayor [m], Royal Exchange [ks'ten], St. Paul's Cathedral [k'dr()l], Tower of London, Inner Temple, Middle Temple, Lincoln's Inn, Grey's Inn. *9.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

to travel — путешествовать

at the invitation of — по приглашению

city — город (крупный)

Council ['kaunsi] — совет

trip — путешествие,

поездка pleasure — удовольствие, развлечение

capital — столица

stay (v., n.) — останавливаться, пребывание

to be situated — быть расположенным

heavy traffic — интенсивное движение

to cover — покрывать

square (n. adj.) [skw] — площадь, квадратный

talk (n. v.) — беседа; беседовать

famous — знаменитый

building — здание

cinema — кино

barrister ['brst] — адвокат

to study — изучать, учиться

to agree — соглашаться

School vocabulary:

month, great, event, week, across, member, to return, to tell, even, only, nearly, both, end, north, south, east, west, street, stone, heart, shop, interesting, since, place, to show, time.

*9.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Pete's travel to London

Last month there was a great event in Pete's life. He was travelling to London the capital of Great Britain as the member of the delegation of Rostov which came there at the invitation of London city council. Pete has just returned from this trip and is going to tell you about his impression.

«It was a wonderful trip! I'm even in doubt what to begin with. We had been staying there only for a week but still managed to see a lot. London is situated near the sea on both banks of the Thames and stretches for nearly thirty miles from east to west and for nearly thirty miles from north to south. When we were travelling about the city we saw that the street traffic of London was very heavy. During our stay we had been visiting all important parts of London: the City, The West End, the East End and the Westminster. The City is the commercial part of the capital. There are most of London banks, offices and firms there. It covers an area of about one square mile and the Englishmen call it a square mile of money. It's so difficult to talk about the City, because almost every stone, every wall, every house remind us of some famous man, book, historic event. Three buildings are the heart of the City: the Mansion House where the Lord Mayor lives, the Royal Exchange, the Bank of England, which the Londoners call «the Old Lady of Threadneedle Street». There are some ancient and famous buildings within the city, such as St. Paul's Cathedral and the Tower of London. The Strand, one the oldest streets in London is a link between the City and the West End. It brings together Business (the City), the Law (the Temple and the Inns) and Pleasure (West End, theatres, best cinemas, fine restaurants and shops). This part of London was the most interesting for me because since the beginning of the 14th century English judges, barristers, lawyers, clerks had been working, living and studying in these places: Inner Temple, Middle Temple, Lincoln's Inn, Grey's Inn. There I got acquainted with an English lawyer Steve King by name. He agreed to be my guide and show the most interesting places of London. I'll tell you about it next time».

(to be continued)

9.3.4. Вас подозревают в том, что вчера в 10 часов вечера вы совершили преступление. Предоставьте свое алиби, рассказав, что именно вы делали в это время.

Model: I was drinking coffee with my girl-friend at that time.

9.3.5. Следователь спрашивает вас, что делал ваш друг, когда вы пришли к нему. Дайте точные ответы.

Model: When I came to him he was sleeping

9.3.6. Вы были свидетелем дорожного происшествия. Расскажите в деталях инспектору, как все это происходило.

Model: The blue car was moving very fast. The old man was crossing the street, etc.

9.3.7. В тексте есть несколько случаев употребления Past Continuous. Найдите их.

9.3.8. Когда автор переводил эту шутку с русского языка на английский, он не был уверен, какое время употребить: Simple Past или Past Continuous. Помогите ему, пожалуйста.

Mother (to ask) her little daughter who (to read) a book: «What are you reading, dear?»

«I don't know», (to answer) the girl.

«You don't know? But you (to read) aloud, so you must know».

«I (to read) aloud. Mother, but I (not, to listen)», the girl (to explain).

9.3.9. Предположим, студенты вашей группы собирались подготовить сюрприз для преподавателя. Но когда преподаватель спросил вас, что вы делали в течение некоторого времени перед тем, как он пришел, все ответили по-разному. Дайте ваши ответы и затем решите, какой из них выглядит правдоподобнее.

* 9.3.10. Скажите по-английски:

1. Был вечер. Моя мама читала книгу, а я писал письмо. Вдруг вошел мамин брат. Мы разговаривали около часа, когда позвонила его жена и напомнила ему о театре. 2. Нелли вышла из здания суда, села в автобус и поехала домой. Когда она подошла к дому, Пит ждал ее. 3. Что ты делал вчера в это время? — Я писал доклад в библиотеке. Я писал его уже час, когда в библиотеку пришли мои друзья. — Когда ты вернулся домой? — Поздно. 4. С кем ты вчера разговаривал, когда я встретил тебя на улице? — С другом. Он два дня назад приехал из Москвы. Мы говорили уже минут 15, когда ты вчера нас увидел.

*9.3.11. Перед вами необычное письмо. Это письмо агентов своему боссу. Некоторые слова отсутствуют. Если вы, во-первых, поставите слова (в скобках под письмом) на соответствующее место и, во-вторых, выпишите их первые буквы в порядке, указанном цифрами, то вы сможете прочитать секретное донесение.

Dear sir,

Yesterday at the ...1 of my colleagues I went to the ...7 to the town of Rostov. It is .. .6 to the .. 4 of the Black Sea. My ...12 was rather ...10 and didn't take much time. I had an ...14 .. ,18 with the mayor of Rostov in the .. .2 .. .16 During my ...15 in Rostov I learned that it was founded in the ...19 1749 and also many other things. The ...5 in this city is rather ...13 and I was ..11 run over when I tried to run ...8 the street to the ...9 of my house. But in general this trip was rather...17 and I ...3 to come to Rostov again.

Yours J. B.

(travel, invitation, city, council, trip, stay, situated, heavy, talk, agree, north, across, year, yard, interesting (3), nearly).

9.3.12. Один из тех, кто слушал Петра, попытался пересказать, что он услышал. Но, так как он был невнимателен, то сделал несколько ошибок. Найдите эти ошибки в следующих предложениях:

1. London is situated on the left bank of the Thames.

2. There are three main parts of London: the City, The West End, The East End.

3. The Londoners call the Bank of England — the Old Lady of Threadneedle street.

4. St. Paul's Cathedral is situated in the West End.

5. Inner Temple is the part of the City.

*9.3.13. Петр пришел в вашу группу рассказать о своей поездке в Лондон. Он готов ответить на ваши вопросы. Задайте ему хотя бы по одному вопросу.

* 9.3.14. Предположим, что вы — гид группы туристов в Лондоне. Расскажите им о достопримечательностях Лондона (упомянутых в тексте).

9.4. Practice in communication

(Advice)

*9.4.1. Read and try to remember:

1. Why don't you...?

2. (I think) you'd better...

3. I advise you to...

4. I don't think you should...

5. You'd better not...

6. I advise you not to...

9.4.2. Advise your friend to:

work harder/worry less/eat more/eat less/get married.

Advise your friend not to:

go to bed so late/waste his time/spend so much money/be rude to your friends. 9.4.3. A friend of yours asks you for advice.

He/she doesn't like his/her job; is short of money; doesn't like the place where she/he lives.

Advise your friend.

9.5. General understanding

9.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 9)

1. «How much farther is it to the nearest village?» Baxter asked. He and Halls were in the middle of the countryside. The night was very dark and there was no traffic on the roads. They couldn't see a house or even a public phone box anywhere. «It must be on the other side of that hill» Halls answered. «I hope so! We've been walking for twenty minutes now! When we started, you said it was only ten minutes away!» Baxter said angrily. He was tired and his jaw hurt.

2. In his apartment in London, a well-dressed man named Eric Masters turned on the radio and listened. The news was still bad. Coke was still free. Masters looked very frightened. He turned off the radio suddenly and picked up the phone.

3. Coke turned off the main road. He wanted to get rid of the police car as soon as possible. In a village almost 200 miles away, Coke found what he wanted. «People in villages like this always trust their neighbours. How lucky!» he thought when he saw the motorbike. It was in a garage at the edge of the village. The garage was not even locked and there were a pair of gloves and a helmet. Coke pushed the bike down the road. When he was far enough away from the village he started the engine and raced towards London.

4. Eric Masters dialled nervously. At first nobody answered at the other end. Finally a sleepy voice answered angrily, «Who is it? What the devil do you want at this hour?» «Is that you, Hugo? This is Eric», Masters said quickly. «And why are you ringing at this hour? I've been in bed for an hour!» «But haven't you heard the news, Hugo? Coke's still free! I can't sleep. I've been thinking about Coke all evening!» «Perhaps you'd better take a sleeping pill!» Masters almost screamed the next question into the phone. «What are you going to do, Hugo?» The man at the other end answered just as coldly and as calmy as before, «Do? We're going to kill Coke! That's what we're going to do. That is, if he is stupid enough to come to London!»

9.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. Baxter and Hall couldn't get any help because...

a) they were very tired;

b) there was no traffic on the roads;

c) they couldn't see any house.

2. Coke could get the motorbike because...

a) he managed to unlock the garage;

b) he got rid of the police car;

c) people in villages trust their neighbours.

3. Hugo was calm because...

a) he didn't know the news about Coke;

b) he wasn't afraid of Coke;

c) his people were going to kill Coke.

9.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. Where were Baxter and Halls?

2. Why did Masters look frightened?

3. What did Coke want to find in the village?

4. What did he find in the garage?

5. Whom did Masters phone?

6. What was Hugo going to do?

9.5.4. Give titles to each paragraph.

9.6. Scanning practice

9.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. What did the daughter's friend phone to say?

2. Where did Mr Barker have to go with the money?

3. Where did he put the money?

4. What was his daughter's explanation?

9.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

Kidnap!

Mr and Mrs Barker were having a quiet day at home. Their 17-year-old daughter was away in Scotland staying with a friend. At 12 noon, Mr and Mrs Barker got a phone call from the friend where their daughter was supposed to be staying, saying that she had disappeared. They were just about to call the police when the phone rang again. A hoarse voice informed Mr Barker that his daughter had been kidnapped and that unless he paid a ransom of $ 1000 he would never see his daughter alive again. When Mr Barker inquired who the caller was, the voice answered that it was someone he knew well. The voice then gave him instructions about where and when to hand over the money. He was warned not to tell the police or to attempt to have the phone call traced. Mr Barker went to the bank and immediately withdrew the money out of his bank account and left on the next train to Brighton. When he arrived, he entered the Grand Hotel at five to six and carefully placed the briefcase beside a sofa as arranged. At six o'clock precisely, a woman in a scarf and raincoat approached, took the briefcase and walked quickly away.

At 10 p.m. the same evening, to his great relief, his daughter returned home. She could hardly refrain from laughing. Imagine his surprise when she handed him his briefcase containing the $ 1000. It turned out that she and her friend had decided to play a practical joke. It was she who had put on a hoarse voice to phone her father and it was she who had collected the briefcase in Brighton. The joke had succeeded but, strangely enough, Mr And Mrs Barker did not appreciate it as much as their daughter did. (300 words)

9.6.3. Answer the questions in 9.6.1. (Books closed.)

9.7. Listening practice

9.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. What is one of them going to do after leaving this place?

2. What are the plans of the other man?

3. What is he going to do at the cafe of his mother-in-law?

4. Why is he going to rob a bank next week?

9.7.2. Listen to the dialogues.

9.7.3. Answer the questions in 9.7.1.

9.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text.

trunk — багажник embassy — посольство stupid — глупый lend — давать взаймы smart — умный

youth hostel — молодежное общежитие bargain — хорошая сделка

9.7.5. Listen to the dialogue. Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

9.7.6. Tell the contents of the dialogue in Russian as close to the text as possible.

9.8. Time for fun

9.8.1. Read the following jokes. Try to retell them.

New evidence

— Why do you want a new trial?

— On the grounds of newly discovered evidence, your honour.

— What's the nature of it?

— I found out that my client had 400 dollars that I didn't know he had.

Revenge is sweet (proverb)

JUDGE:    It seems to me that I have seen you before.

PRISONER: You. have your honour. I taught your daughter singing.

JUDGE:    I sentence you to five years of hard labour.

UNIT 10

Фонетика: sound []

Словообразование: суффикс прилагательных l 

Грамматика: прошедшее время Past Perfect 

Текст: «Pete's travel to London» (continued)

10.1. Sound right

10.1.1. Listen, look, say:

theme       north fifths     three

thought  south   hearths   throw

thigh        month lenghths thread

thing        youth faithsthrew

thumb       truth Ruth's    thrust

thin          birth Smith's   throng

10.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. Think things over.

2. When three Thursdays come together.

3. Thad'11 go through thick and thin.

4. A thousand thanks to you both.

5. You've thrust the thing in my throat.

6. Theo threw the thing into his teeth.

7. Martha's like nothing on earth.

8. Kenneth and Arthur are as thick as thieves.

9. Theo sees through things.

10. Timothy is within a hair's breadth of death.

11. I'll speak the truth and nothing but the truth.

10.1.3. Listen and look. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the sound [].

A. Date of birth?

B. The third of March, nineteen thirty three.

A. The third of March, nineteen thirty three.

В. I think.

A. You think what?

B. I think it was the third — but perhaps it was the fourth.

A. You think in was either the third or the fourth?

B. No, I don't think it was either the third or the fourth — I know it was either the third or the

fourth and I think it was the third.

A. Mmm. Well anyway, I think you ought to know...

B. Yes?

A. The positions have been taken. We've filled the vacancies already.

B. What, both?

A. Both.

10.1.4. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

10.1.5. Read the dialogues in pairs.

10.1.6. Try to read the tongue-twister as fast as you can:

Theo thrust a thumb through two or three thick straw thatches.

10.2. Word-building

10.2.1. Give Russian equivalents to the following word-combinations:

classical music, logical conclusion, critical remark, colonial system, cultural relations, liberal views, special task, universal rule, sensational news, governmental office, historical category.

10.2.2. Answer the questions:

1. Do you like sentimental poetry?

2. What are the principal towns of Russia, USA?

3. What big botanical gardens in Russia do you  know?

4. In what Asian countries are there the worst  material conditions of life?

10.3. Full understanding

10.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

Scheme ['skm], start, discussion, sort, residence ['rezd()ns], Cabinet, concert, museum, hotel [ho(u)'tel]. Big Ben, Westminister Abbey ['b], Poet's Corner, Chaucer ['s], Charles Dick ens, Alfred Tennyson, Rudyard Kipling, White hall, Downing Street, Trafalgar Square, Nelson  Column, National Gallery, Hyde Park, Speak er's Corner.

* 10.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

to appear — (зд.) оказываться custom — обычай

district — район

to produce an impression on... — производить впечатление

to exist — существовать

School vocabulary:

go on, story, to put, to leave, foot, cry, hot, fight, to become, writer, along, number, high, hall, large, among, to keep, clean, half.

* 10.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Pete's travel to London (continued)

«Hello, everybody! I go on with my story about London. Last time I told you that Steve King had promised to be my guide. And what a nice guide he appeared to be! First he took me to Westminister where most governmental buildings are situated. From the Westminister bridge we could get the best view of the Houses of Parliament with the famous clock tower called Big Ben. We could even get inside the Houses. Before we left the Palace of Westminister (its official name) Steve had told me many interesting things about old customs which exist to this day. I'd like to tell you only about one of them. There is a strip of carpet in front of the members' benches in the House of Commons and when a member, speaking in the House puts his foot beyond that strip there is a cry «Order!». This dates from the time when the members had swords on them and during hot discussions might start fighting. The carpet had become the sort of frontier. We also had visited Westminister Abbey. Steve told me that all the kings and queens of England — 37 in all — had been crowned there and many of them had been buried there too. One of the parts of the Abbey is called Poet's Corner, because many of the greatest writers are buried there: Chaucer, Charles Dickens, Alfred Tennyson, Rudyard Kipling and some others. Leaving the Abbey we went along Whitehall and then turned into a narrow lane — Downing Street. There's Number Ten, the official residence of the Prime Minister. All the Cabinet meetings take place there. I was really happy when we came to the famous Trafalgar Square with the tall (185 feet high) Nelson Column in the centre and the National Gallery forming one side of the square.

Then Steve took me to the West End, the richest and the most beautiful part of London, where I could see the finest theatres, cinemas and concert halls, famous museums and large hotels, department stores and shops. There are many parks and gardens in the West End, among them Hyde Park, most famous of all because of its Speaker's Corner.

The East End, which is the poorest district of London where most of the workers live, didn't produce great impression on me. There are still many people who live in poverty. They keep their houses and streets clean but all of them are not half as nice as they are in the West End.

So thanks to Steve I had managed to see the most interesting sights of London by the end of my stay there. Next day after I had said good-bye to Steve and he had promised to come to our country and visit Rostov, our group left London».

10.3.4. Расскажите вашему другу о трех самых важных вещах, которые вы завершили к концу прошлого года.

Model: I had finished reading the textbook on History of State and Law.

10.3.5. Ваш друг говорит, что он сделал что-то в прошлом. А вы заявляете, что сделали это еще раньше.

Model: I. I went to the concert yesterday.

2. I had gone to this concert before you did.

10.3.6. Ваш преподаватель упрекает вас в том, что вы чего-то не делали. Разубедите его, сообщите, что вы еще раньше сделали это.

Model: Т. Why didn't you want to translate the text?

S. Because I had translated it already?

1. Why did you refuse to see this new film?

2. Why didn't you hand in the translation in time?

3. Why didn't you speak with this girl?

4. Why didn't you prepare your home-work?

5. Why didn't you come in time?

10.3.7. В текстах есть несколько случаев употребления Past Perfect. Найдите их и объясните их употребление.

10.3.8. Предположим, что вы принимаете участие в конкурсе на звание лучшего рассказчика. Чтобы научиться хорошо рассказывать, вы должны разбираться в употреблении Past Tenses. Сможете ли вы выбрать правильное Past Tense для следующих предложений?

1. Mike (to swim) in the swimming-pool while I was sitting and watching him.

2. Mike got tired after he (to swim) 3 miles.

3. They (to have dinner) at 2 o'clock yesterday.

4. They said (to learn) Spanish for six months last year, but she can't speak.

5. They said the child (to draw) a very nice picture.

6. She (to clean) the rooms when somebody knocked at the door.

7. She (to clean) the rooms before she went out.

8. They went home after they (to solve) this problem.

10.3.9. Автор сделал несколько ошибок в употреблении Past Tenses в следующей шутке. Помогите ему найти их и исправить.

Once a mother and her two daughters were visiting London. They did sightseeing for some time when they came to the building with a noticeboard «National Picture Gallery» on it. The girls wanted to go in for they never were in any picture gallery. But their mother visited a picture gallery in her childhood and knew what it was like. She explained to the girls that there were no «real pictures» (movies she meant), but mere paintings.

*10.3.10. Скажите по-английски:

1. Он приехал в наш город пять лет назад. К тому времени он уже окончил университет. 2. Когда я пришел домой, мои родители обедали, а старший брат ушел в кино. 3. Вы подготовились к контрольной работе? — Да, я повторил весь материал вчера вечером. 4. На днях я встретил Анну. Она рассказала мне о нашем общем знакомом. Он прислал ей письмо. 5. Когда Петр вошел в комнату, Нелли уже приготовила обед. 6. В прошлом году Нелли осталась летом в городе: она заболела. 7. Джейн никого не хотела слушать. Студенты никогда не видели ее такой сердитой. 8. Летом мы ездили в горы — я никогда до этого не видел гор.

10.3.11. Ваш друг собирается поехать в Лондон в качестве туриста. Порекомендуйте ему, что стоит посмотреть там.

Useful language:

If you are interested in... you should see... If you want to see... I recommend you to go...

10.3.12. Прочитайте следующую информацию об Уголке Ораторов в Гайд-Парке.

As you walk past Hyde Park in London you may see people speaking on different subjects. At Speaker's Corner one can say anything one pleases. People sometimes talk about important economic, political and social problems, sometimes about minor matters.

Теперь представьте, что мы находимся в Уголке Ораторов. Выступая перед слушателями, используйте фразы:

Ladies and gentlemen! I'd like to tell you ...

And in conclusion let me...

Thank you for attention!

* 10.3.13. Стив рассказал Петру о некоторых интересных обычаях, связанных с парламентом. Прочитайте описания этих обычаев.

I

Most members do not attend Parliament all the time;

but when there is an important discussion they are urged to attend. The Party Whips are especially responsible for seeing that all members of their party are present on such occasions. The letter sent by a Party Whip to the members of Parliament is called a «whip».

II

No man can make speeches in the House of Commons unless the Speaker calls on him, and no member may deliver more than one major speech in a debate. The name of the sovereign must not be introduced and the House of Lords is always referred to as «another place». Members do not address each other by name, but always as «the honourable member for so-and-so».

III

There is an expression used in the House of Commons to show the end of the day's business. Somebody calls out: «Who goes home?» and the session ends up and the members hurry home. This custom remains from the time when there was a lot of robbers in London. In the dark night the members went in groups through the narrow streets of the old city.

А теперь попытайтесь передать эти истории тем, кто их не знает или не понял, когда читал.

*10.3.14. Предположим, что вы — переводчик. Помогите англичанину ответить на вопросы российских студентов:

Q. Что собой представляет Вестминстерский дворец?

A. The Palace of Westminister is an official name for the House of Parliament. The building of the Palace is the seat of the British Parliament. There are two Houses: House of Lords and the House of Commons.

Q. Чем знаменито Вестминстерское аббатство?

A. All the kings and queens of England had been crowned there and many of them as well as many great writers had been buried there too.

Q. Где происходят заседания кабинета министров?

A. All the Cabinet meetings take place at Number 10, Downing street— the official residence of the Prime Minister.

Q. В чем различие между Ист-эндом и Уэст-эндом?

A. Working-class London is in the East End. It is a district of docks, factories, poor little houses and narrow streets. Housing conditions in this part of London are very bad. The West End is the finest part of London. There are famous shops, theatres, cinemas, museums, picture galleries and many beautiful parks.

10.4. Practice in communication

(Complaint and Apology/Excuse)

*10.4.1. Read and try to remember:

Here are some ways of expressing your dissatisfaction with someone or something.

A. (complaint)                 B. (apology/excuse)

1. I bought these gloves here.      1. Yes, I know but...

When I got home there was     2. I'm sorry...

a hole in them. Look!           3. Sorry, there's no-

2. I don't think this fish is fresh,    thing I can do about

3. There's no hot water in my room.  it, I'm afraid.

A. 1. I (really) don't think that's good enough.

2. It/that (just) won't do.

3. That's no excuse.

4. You can't expect me to...

10.4.2. A friend complains that you:

1. never write to him or her.

2. were very rude to him/her.

3. tell lies.

4. still owe him/her 10 dollars.

Excuse yourself. Your friend doesn't accept your apology.

10.4.3. Suppose you are a landlady or landlord. One of your guests:

1. comes in late every night.

2. leaves all the lights on.

3. makes a lot of noise.

4. listens to loud pop music on the radio.

5. leaves the front door open.

Complain to him/her about these habits. He/ she will find excuses which you do not accept.

10.5. General understanding

10.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 10)

1. The motorbike was fast but the roads were icy. Coke drove dangerously. He knew he had to. He had very little time. Around 2 o'clock in the morning he suddenly saw lights in his mirror. They were the headlights of police car. It came closer and closer and then suddenly speeded up. For several seconds, Coke and the car raced along side by side. The two policemen in the car were looking at him but they couldn't see his face clearly. Coke raised his hand and waved casually. Then, the car speeded up again. In a few seconds it was far ahead him. Coke raced towards London. He knew exactly where he wanted to go.

He reached London just before 6. He drove to a block of small flats not far from the river in the south east. There was a light on in one of the ground floor flats. He went to the window and tapped softly. He was still standing at the window when the back door opened. When he looked up, a woman was standing there. «Come in, Ted. I've been expecting you», she said very softly. «I haven't got any right to ask you for help», he said after a pause. «But there's nobody else you can go to, is there? You'd better come in», she answered calmly.

2. Baxter caught a very early train to London. When he got to Scotland Yard the Chief Inspector was waiting for him. When Baxter went into his office, he was sitting at his desk and looking at a photograph. «Perhaps it was a good thing you didn't catch Coke after all», he said suddenly. Baxter stared at him in surprise. «What do you mean, sir? I don't understand». «I have a picture here of a man who knew Coke in the army. He was also a witness at Coke's trial. I've been interested in the man for some time now. Perhaps we'll be able to find out more about him now that Coke's free», the Inspector said, and gave Baxter the photograph. «This is the man. Watch him. Follow him everywhere!» Baxter looked at the man in the photo carefully. It was Eric Masters.

3. «You really shouldn't help me, Kate. It's against the law», Coke said. He and the young woman were sitting in her kitchen. He was eating breakfast hungrily. Kate didn't say anything. «I mean, everybody thinks I'm a spy», he went on. «But I don't think so», she finally said. Coke finished his breakfast silently. Then he said, «You were the only person who ever believed I was innocent. That's why I came to you. Who else will help me?» «Help you to do what, Ted?» Kate asked. «Help me to find the real spies», he answered slowly.

10.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. Coke saw the headlights...

a) of another motor bike behind him;

b) of another police car in front of him,

c) of another police car behind him.

2. Coke drove to a block of flats in...

a) the south east;

b) south west;

c) north east.

3. The Chief Inspector wanted Baxter...

a) to follow Coke everywhere;

b) to follow Masters everywhere;

c) to arrest Masters.

4. Coke came to Kate because...

a) he wasn't afraid of her;

b) she believed he was innocent;

c) she was brave.

10.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. What did Coke see in his mirror?

2. Why did Coke wave his hand?

3. Where did Coke drive to when he got to London?

4. What did the woman say?

5. What photo was the Chief Inspector looking at?

6. Why was it a good thing they didn't catch Coke?

7. Why did Coke come to Kate?

8. What was Coke going to do?

10.5.4. Compose the plan for this part of the story.

10.6. Scanning practice

10.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind. 1. What was a man charged with?

2. Who defended the criminal?

3. What was the verdict of the jury?

10.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

A strange sentence

A man was brought up before a judge and charged with burglary. He had cut a hole in the side of a tent, had put his head, his right arm and his right shoulder through the hole and had stolen several things belonging to the people sleeping in the tent.

The lawyer of the defendant said that as the man had not entered the tent, he couldn't be convicted of burglary and ought to be set free. The judge however said that while the man as a whole had not committed burglary, his head, his right arm and his right shoulder had.

The jury brought in a verdict of guilty against these parts, which were sentenced to two years imprisonment with hard labour in the state prison. All the rest of the man was found not guilty and discharged.

(142 words)

10.6.3. Answer the questions in 10.6.1. (Books closed.)

10.7. Listening practice

10.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. Where was Mr Brigs yesterday at 2 o'clock?

2. Where is his girl-friend?

3. Where was he on January 12?

10.7.2. Listen to the dialogue.

10.7.3. Answer the questions in 10.7.1.

10.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text.

stove — печь

get on fire — загореться

grab — схватить

thief — вор

awful — ужасный

10.7.5. Listen to the story. Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

10.7.6. Tell the contents of the story as close to the text as possible.

10.8. Time for fun

10.8.1. Read the following jokes. Try to retell them. You may do it in Russian.

1. A dangerous criminal had escaped, so the police issued the usual photographs: left profile, front view, and right profile. A few days later they received the following telegram from an Irish detective: «Have captured the fellow on the left, and the fellow in the middle, and I'm going soon to get the fellow on the right as well».

2. BARRISTER (speaking to a witness): I want you to tell only the truth, for everything is of importance. How far were you standing from the place of the accident?

WITNESS (without a moment's hesitation): Just four yards, two feet and six inches. BARRISTER (slightly taken aback): I'd like you to tell me how you managed to be so exact. WITNESS: Well, I expected some fool to put me this question and I thought if fit to measure the distance.

? 10.8.2. There's a word missing from each of these proverbs. Choose the correct one from the three possibilities. Translate them.

1. An Englishman's home is his ... (security/ castle/ palace)

2. Let sleeping dogs ... (sleep/dream/lie)

3. Many ... make light work. (servants/hands/ cooks)

4. It takes all sorts to make a ... (world/war/ salad)

5. Prevention is better than ... (cure/punish-ment/medicine)

6. ...is thicker than water. (coffee/blood/soup)

7. A miss is as good as a ... (mister/mile/wife)

8. Birds of a ... flock together. (family/cage/ feather)

9. It's no use crying over ... milk. (sour/spilt/tinned)

10. ... begins at home. (charity/learning/love)

UNIT 11

Фонетика: sounds [], []

Словообразование: сложные прилагательные типа law-making 

Грамматика: будущие времена Future Continuous, Future Perfect 

Текст: «Jane's letter»

11.1. Sound right

11.1.1. Listen, look, say:

these with     either  with Sid with Roy

those bathe   neither  breathe  with wrath

     slower

they breathe northern clothe Sam clothe Ruth

there booth   southern writhe  with Roger

     silently

this smooth weather soothe  soothe Rue

     Simon

that clothe  although bathe Sis bathe Rob

11.1.2. Listen, look, say:

1. And that's that.

2. That's neither here nor there.

3. There's nothing like leather.

4. I'll do anything rather than that.

5. I don't wish them other than they are.

6. That means nothing other than the usual thing

7. Then there's that brother of mine.

8. They were gathered to their fathers.

9. The Smiths keep themselves to themselves.

10. The less men think the more they talk.

11.1.3. Listen and look. Pay attention to the sound [6]

I

A. They've all gone bathing in the sea. I'm not going bathing in this weather, are you?

B. No, I'm not going bathing.

A. I loathe bathing in the sea in this sort of weather.

B. I loathe bathing.

II

A. And ... while you're up there. Heather, could you pass me that one, too?

B. Oh, you mean this one, Mother?

A. No, not that — the other. That one. Yes, that.

B. There you are, Mother. Will that be all?

A. Yes — that's all for the moment, Heather.

B. Then I'll shut the cupboard, Mother.

A. Though while you're still up there, could you perhaps pass me that one, too?

B. This one, Mother?

11.1.4. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

11.1.5. Read the dialogues in pairs.

11.1.6. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference between the sounds [] and [] ( [] as in thing, [] as in they).

I

A. Arthur and Martha are such enthusiasts. They are so enthusiastic.

B. What are they so enthusiastic about?

A. Oh, about everything. Among other things, they're both very enthusiastic about the theatre.

В. The theatre. Mm.

A. I loathe the theatre. And I loathe enthusiasts.

B. I loathe Arthur and Martha.

II

A. They make my clothes from this special cloth. And they sew them with this special cotton. There's something special about the buttons, too.

B. Mm.

A. Don't you think my clothes look rather special?

B. To tell you the truth, I think your clothes look rather...

A. Yes? Say what you think.

B. Well, yes, I suppose they do look rather special.

11.1.7. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

11.1.8. Read the dialogues in pairs.

11.2. Word-building

(Compound adjectives)

11.2.1. Give word combinations which correspond to compound adjectives. Give their meanings: an apple-eating boy, a watch-making plant, a cloud-touching mountain, horse-loving people, a pain-killing medicine, a food-producing factory, a road-building firm, potato-growing regions.

11.2.2. Make compound adjectives using the following word combinations. Translate them: to carry oil, to grow roses, to make profit, to save money, to melt snow, to break ice, to love sport, to waste time, to hate war.

11.2.3. Translate the following sentences:

1. Some of his money-making movie stars were getting older now.

2. Coffee-drinking farmers sat or stood in the bar.

3. Traffic-directing policemen and one-way streets are clear proof of the existence of a large volume of traffic.

4. I'm going into the house-selling business on my own.

5. Many of the calls came from the news-hunting journalists.

11.3. Full understanding

11.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

President, nation, Capitol, Congress, republic, Senate ['sent], monument, million, business,  culture, avenue ['vnj], contrast, bar, elegant.

Geographical and proper names: George Washington, Potomac River [po(u)'toumk], District of Columbia, the United States, Chicago [fi'kou], Philadelphia [fil'delf], Detroit, Los Angeles, House of Representatives, Union Square, Lincoln Memorial, Pennsylvania Avenue [,pensl'venj], White House, Manhattan, Hudson River, Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn, Richmond, Empire State Building ['empa], World Trade Centre, Times Square, Harlem.

*11.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

letter — письмо

native town — родной город

to walk — гулять

to be interested — интересоваться

law-making — законодательный

to be born — родиться

to publish — публиковать

to grow — расти

force — (зд.) полицейские силы

School vocabulary:

although, around, to lead, January, favourite, to lie, river, children, language, to die, each, lighting, dirty, tree, town.

*11.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Jane's letter

Pete's going to see Nell to-day. But before going to her place he's phoning her.

— Hello, Nell! What will you be doing in an hour? I'm going to come to your place, if you aren't against it.

— Oh, certainly not. I'll be waiting for you.

— And what are you doing now?

— Now I'm reading the letter from my American friend — Jane. But I'll have finished reading by the time you come.

— I'm going then. Bye!

When Pete came Nell showed him Jane's letter. Here it is: New York 23 January, 1987 Dear Nell,

Thank you very much for your interesting letter about Rostov. I hope I'll have the possibility to come to your native town and then we'll be walking about Rostov and I'll be able to see everything myself. And now I'll try to answer all your questions.

First I'll tell you about some of American cities, and although I live in New York, I'll begin with the capital of this country — Washington. It is situated on the Potomac River in the District of Columbia. The capital owes a great deal to the nations first President, George Washington.

It was Washington who selected the site for the District and laid the cornerstone of the Capitol Building, where Congress meets. It is not the largest city in the US, for it cannot compare in size with cities like New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit and Los Angeles. In the political sense, however, it is the centre of the republic and the most important city in the United States. If you are interested in the law-making centre of the country you must go to the Capitol, with its great House of Representatives and Senate Chamber. Besides there are many places of interest near the Capitol. You can walk around to the back of the Capitol and look across Union Square, all the way down to the Washington Monument and beyond to the Lincoln Memorial. From the Capitol Pennsylvania Avenue leads off to the right to the White House.

But still New York is my favourite city maybe because I was born here. I live in Manhattan which is the name of an island which forms the heart of New York. It lies at the mouth of the Hudson river. There are four other districts of the city: Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn and Richmond. The population of New York is more than 8 million people. It's the heart of America's business and culture; it is the city of skyscrapers. For the visitor New York means the Empire State Building, World Trade Centre, tremendous traffic, neon advertisements, Central Park, Times Square, Harlem, the avenues and famous streets — and all these are to be found in Manhattan.

In New York five people out of every eight are foreigners or children of foreigners. Every day, sixty-seven foreign-language papers are published here. The police force employs 25,000 officers but still the crime record is very high in New York. It is the city of contrasts. It's business city which dies each day at five o'clock; pleasure city with bars and cinemas and crowds of people during the night; middle-class city with elegant streets, lighting, neatly painted doors, and the poorest and the dirtiest city where no trees grow...

Here Pete stopped reading because Nell called him to the kitchen for a cup of coffee.

(to be continued)

11.3.4. Ваш друг приглашает вас прийти к нему в гости завтра, в 6 часов вечера. Но в это время вы заняты. Объясните ему, что вы будете делать.

Model: A. Will 6 р. m. be suitable for you?

B. I am sorry to say, it won't. I'll be working at my article. Besides, I...

11.3.5. Предположим, что вы собираетесь встретиться со своим другом, но он занят в это время. Постарайтесь подыскать удобное время.

Model: A. What will you be doing at 5 p. m. tomorrow?

B. I'll be working at my English.

11.3.6. Представьте, что вы — прорицатель (гадалка). Ваши друзья хотят знать, что они будут делать в определенное время в будущем или что они уже сделают к определенному моменту в будущем.

Model: A. What shall I be doing at 5 p. m. tomorrow?

B. You'll be driving a car.

A. What shall I have done by tomorrow evening?

B. You'll have studied the map of London.

11.3.7. В тексте этого урока есть несколько случаев употребления Future Perfect и Future Continuous. Найдите их и объясните их употребление.

*11.3.8. Скажите по-английски:

1. Вы знаете, что вы будете делать вечером? 2. На будущей неделе мы будем готовиться к экзаменам. 3. На следующий год к этому времени он уже опубликует свою книгу. 4. Вы все еще будете работать, если я приду в 10? 5. К 1 Мая они уже переедут в новую квартиру. 6. К тому времени, когда он приедет, я буду жить на юге уже две недели. 7. Завтра в это время они будут обсуждать доклад Петра. 8. Завтра в 11 мы встречаемся с Президентом. 9. К концу нашей встречи, мы надеемся, он разрешит этот вопрос.

11.3.9. Просмотрите список новых слов (п. 11.3.2.). Выберите из них любые 2 слова и скажите, в какой связи они употреблены в тексте.

*11.3.10. Перед вами разделенные на 2 части названия 10 крупнейших городов США. Попробуйте отгадать эти названия. Какая группа справится с этим заданием быстрее?

CHIC HOU GELES INDIA BALTI

ELPHIA NAPOLIS DETR LAS AGO

WASH MORE NEW OIT STON

DAL INGTON LO SAN PHILAD

YORK

* 11.3.11. Джейн собирается приехать в Ростов. У вас будет возможность встретиться с ней. Расспросите ее о городах США. Вопросы подготовьте сейчас.

*11.3.12. Скажите по-английски:

Хотя я родился в Москве, мой любимый город — Ростов. Он расположен на берегу реки Дон. Это нс самый большой город в стране, так как его нельзя сравнить по размеру с такими городами, как Москва и Санкт-Петербург. Однако Ростов — административный центр Северного Кавказа. Население Ростова — более 1000000 человек. Центр Ростова — улица Большая Садовая. В городе есть несколько больших районов. Ростов — деловой, промышленный и культурный центр. Это город парков и садов. Я люблю гулять по улицам моего родного города, который постоянно растет и хорошеет.

11.4. Practice in communication

(Pleasure and Displeasure)

*11.4.1. Read and try to remember:

Pleasure (excited tone)

1. Good!/That's good.

2. Great!/That's great.

3. Marvellous!/That's marvellous.

4. Terrific!/That's terrific.

5. That's nice./That'll be nice.

6. How exciting!

7. How thrilling!

8. How wonderful!

9. Fantastic!

Displeasure

(dull, displeased tone)

1. Oh, no!

2. Oh, dear!

3. Oh, heavens!

4. What a bore!

5. That's the limit!

11.4.2. Respond with pleasure or displeasure when someone tells you:

1. he's got a new job.

2. he's got a new car.

3. it cost 10,000.

4. he's got a new girl-friend.

5. she's a journalist.

6. they're getting married.

11.4.3. Read the dialogue and then dramatize it.

HE   I've made up my mind. We're going to Spain for the holidays.

SHE How exciting! (Marvellous/How thrilling.)

HE    I've got a whole fortnight off this year.

SHE  A whole fortnight. That's terrific. (That'll be nice.)

HE   We'll leave in early July.

SHE Good! Are we taking the car? (Great/Marvellous.)

HE   The car? Oh no, we're going on a package tour.

SHE Oh, no! (Oh, really).

HE And I thought we'd take mother with us.

SHE Oh, heavens! Do we have to? (Oh dear/what a bore.) Package tour — holidays organised by travel agencies which include board and lodging and travel expenses at reduced prices.

11.4.4. Ask a friend whether he/she would like to go on a holiday with you. Tell him/her where you would like to go and what you might do there. Some of these things will please your friend; others will not.

Model: A. Would you like to go to the Black Sea coast with me?

B. How wonderful!, etc.

11.5. General understanding

11.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 11)

1. Kate was what the Americans call 'a cool character'; nothing seemed to surprise her very much. Perhaps this was because she was an actress. She played small parts in films and on television. She didn't hesitate even for a second when Coke said he wanted her help to find the real spies. «All right», she said. «I'll start right now. Wait here! » «What do you mean? Where are you going?» Coke asked. «You'll find out when I come back. I'll have to get some things now!» Before Coke could answer, she was gone.

2. Not very far away, Baxter was still sitting in the Chief Inspector's Office. He was still looking at Masters's photograph. «What's so interesting about him? Why do you want me to follow him?» he asked. «A few days ago, quite by accident we learned a few things about him. Coke might... be innocent after all. It's only a possibility. We want to see what Masters does if Coke contacts him, the Chief Inspector answered. Baxter was even more surprised now. «I don't understand, sir. What do you think Masters might do?» he said. «Masters might try to kill him if he's really afraid of him». «But surely that's dangerous, sir. I mean, if Coke is innocent. Masters might kill him... and if he isn't innocent, we're letting him go free. After all. Coke might kill Masters... or someone else!» The Chief Inspector looked very serious. «That's a chance we'll have to take, Baxter!» he said.

3. Time passed very slowly for Coke that morning and afternoon. It was evening before Kate came back. She was carrying a large bundle and a lot of other things. «Here. Try these things on», she said. She unwrapped the bundle quickly and showed him a suit, shoes and shirt. There was also a coat with an expensive fur collar, the sort millionaires wear in films. «I'll have to change my appearance more than this!» he said. «Of course you will», she answered. «And I've got just the things you'll need!» First Kate dyed Coke's hair grey. Then she used some theatrical make-up to give him a much older face. Finally she put a pair of dark glasses on him, gave him a white walking-stick and led him to a mirror. He was surprised when he saw himself. An old blind man stared back at him. «And now, Kate said, you'll have to do far more than simply look like an old blind man. You'll have to walk, talk and act like one, too!» For the next hour she taught him exactly how to do that. «You learn fast. We can go now», she said finally.

4. They were walking towards a taxi-rank. «Now just tell me where we're going!» Kate said. «To a pub in Soho called «The Green Rider». Masters used to go there a lot», Coke answered. «You mean you think he's one of the spies?» «I don't know, but he didn't tell the truth at the trial. Why else should he lie?» Coke said. They got to Soho half an hour later. The streets were brightly-lit. There were people, pubs, restaurants, cinemas and striptease clubs everywhere. They walked on until Coke suddenly gripped Kate's arm very hard. «This is the place. Take me in!» he said. They went into the crowded, noisy room.

11.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. The Chief Inspector wanted to see...

a) if Masters kills Coke;

b) if Coke is innocent;

c) what Masters does if Coke contacts him.

2. Kate taught Coke because...

a) he didn't look like an old man:

b) she wanted him to act like a blind man;

c) she was a good actress.

3. Coke thought that Masters was a spy because

a) he used to go to «The Green Rider»:

b) he was afraid of him;

c) he didn't tell the truth at the trial.

11.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. What was Kate?

2. What did the Chief Inspector want to see?

3. Why was the Chief Inspector's plan dangerous?

4. What did Kate bring in the evening?

5. What did Kate do to Coke's hair and face?

6. Whom did Coke see in the mirror?

7. What did Kate teach Coke to do?

8. Where and why were they walking?

9. What made Coke think Masters was one of the spies?

11.5.4. Give the contents of the extract in 4 sentences.

11.6. Scanning practice

11.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. What was the verdict for the students?

2. When was the diplomat kidnapped?

3. What did the prosecution say about him?

11.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

Two students convicted of diplomat's murder

Two students who took part in the killing in February last year of an Indian diplomat, Mr. Ravindra Mhatre, were convicted of murder at Birmingham Crown Court.

Mohammed Riaz, aged 23, a student, of Jarrom Street, Leicester, and Abdul Raja, aged 21, a student, of rue de la Butte, Blauchet, Paris, both Kashmiris, were convicted on a majority verdict of eleven to one.

They were remanded in custody for sentencing with four others who have admitted taking part in the kidnapping plot.

The court heard how Mr. Mhatre, the assistant commissioner at the Indian High Commission in Birmingham, was kidnapped as he returned to his home in Bartley Green, on the outskirts of city.

He was held prisoner in Birmingham for three days before being driven to a lane in Leicestershire, where he was shot three times at point-blank range.

Mr. Igor Judge, QC, for the prosecution, said: «This happened to a man with no known enemies. It happened to a man who had never caused offence to the defendants or any of those involved in the problems thousands of miles away».

(The Times)                   (190 words)

11.6.3. Answer the questions in 11.6.1. (Books closed.)

11.7. Listening practice

11.7.1. Look at the following questions. You'll have to answer them after listening to the text.

1. Why was everybody afraid in the saloon?

2. Who hurried to the saloon?

3. Who fired first?

4. What did two cowboys do?

11.7.2. Listen to the dialogue.

11.7.3. Answer the questions in 11.7.1.

11.7.4. Look through the list of words. They will help you to understand the text.

on average — в среднем

currently — в настоящее время

regard — рассматривать

relatively — относительно

expect — ожидать

11.7.5. Listen to the story. Be ready to give the contents of it in Russian.

11.7.6. Tell the contents of the story in Russian as close to the text as possible.

11.8. Time for fun

11.8.1. Read and translate the following jokes.

1. A man was accused of stealing a pair of trousers. After a long examination he was acquitted, because the evidence against him was not sufficiently strong. He stayed, however, in the dock after his aquital had been pronounced. The lawyer who had defended him, observing that he didn't go away, informed him that he was free to go wherever he wanted. The man shook his head slightly, but remained. By this time the court was nearly empty. Again his lawyer told him that he could go. «I can't go till all the witnesses against me have left the court», said the man. «And why may that be?» asked the lawyer. «Because of the stolen trousers, sir. I've got them on».

2. A barber went to a lawyer for advice. «What shall I do», he asked «to a boy who threw a stone in one of my windows and broke a pane?» «You may make his father pay for it», answered the lawyer. «Then», said the barber, «I want six shillings from you, sir, for it was your son who did it». «And if you hand me over four shillings», said the lawyer, «we shall be quits, for my fee is half a pound».

? *11.8.2. How many pounds of earth can you take out of a hole which is one foot square and one foot deep?

? *11.8.3. Can you read the address?

UNIT 12

Фонетика: sounds [s], []

Словообразование: отрицательный префикс un-

Грамматика: пассивный залог

Текст: «Jane's letter» (cont.)

12.1. Sound right

12.1.1. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the difference in pronounciation of the sounds [s] and []: [s] as in sink, [] as in think.

I

A. It's not safe.

B. Of course, it's safe.

A. I think, it'll sink. It's only made of thin cloth.

B. It's not cloth, it's plastic. And it's not thin, it's thick.

A. Well, even thick plastic can burst.

B. It's quite safe. The man said so.

A. And anyway, sailing makes me sick.

II

A. Now, look at this, sir — this marvellous seventeenth century mirror. It's a thing both of beauty and of worth.

B.     Yes,butd'youthink...

A. Oh, I think you'll like the price too, sir.

B. Mmm. Perhaps so. But to me it seems quite worthless.

A. Oh — you can have complete faith in it?

B. Yes — but can you see your face in it?

12.1.2. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

12.1.3. Read the dialogues in pairs.

12.1.4. Listen and look. Pay attention to the difference in pronunciation of the sounds [] and [t]: [9] as in three, [t] as in tree.

I

A. I think I shall plant two or three of these trees.

B. Mmm. Two or three trees would be nice. Where do you think you'll plant them?

A. On both sides of the path, I think.

B. And when the trees are tall...

A. I shall be a hundred and thirty.

II

A. I'm taking mathematics and theology.

B. And who teaches you math?

A. Mr. Theodore.

B. But I thought Mr. Theodore taught theology.

A. He taught theology last term. But the math teacher left and now Mr. Theodore will be taking us for maths.

B. Well, who's taking you for theology now?

A. Mrs. Theodore.

B. I didn't know Mrs. Theodore had studied theology.

A. That is how she met Mr. Theodore.

12.1.5. Listen, look, say. Pay attention to the intonation.

12.1.6. Read the dialogues in pairs.

12.2. Word-building

12.2.1. Give Russian equivalents to the following words:

unjust, unfortunately, unwritten, unfair, unknown, unnecessary, unlock, unload, unconscious.

12.2.2. Perephrase the following word combinations using prefix un-; 

not equal in size; not familiar names; not a happy woman; a believable fact; not a healthy place; not human treatment; not finished work; one who doesn't believe something; lack of certainty.

12.3. Full understanding

12.3.1. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте:

specialist, jurisdiction [,urs'dkn], national, to organize, veto ['vtou], to block, bill, Federal Court of Appeals [a'plz].

* 12.3.2. Смотрите, слушайте, повторяйте, запомните:

New words:

Chief Justice — главный судья

to approve ['prv] — одобрять

circuit ['skt] — округ

bench — (зд.) состав суда

judiciary ['d()r] — судоустройство

existing — существующий

to pass a law — принять закон

to issue ['sj] — издавать (о приказе)

School vocabulary:

field, to belong, white.

12.3.3. Прочитайте и переведите:

Jane's letter

(continued)

«...You asked me to tell some words about the judicial system of the USA. Though I'm not a specialist in this field I'll try to do my best. The Supreme Court is the highest judicial organ of the US and it meets in the Supreme Court Building in Washington. It's a beautiful building of white marble. Above the main entrance the words are written «Equal Justice Under Law». The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the USA and eight Associate Justices. They are all appointed by the President and approved by the Senate. The Supreme Court has the right to declare unconstitutional any law passed by Congress or any order issued by the President. This right of veto is widely used to block the passage of any progressive bills. The USA is divided into eleven judicial circuits and each one is served with a Federal Court of Appeals. As a rule the Court of Appeals sits with three judges on the bench. There are about ninety district courts in different parts of the United States. The district courts are the lowest ones in the Federal court system. Most of the criminal and civil cases are tried by these courts. The district court is the only Federal court where trials are held, juries are used, and witnesses are called. There are about two hundred district judges in the USA. Cases tried in the district court may be appealed in one of the eleven Courts of Appeal and in the Supreme Court. The decision of the Supreme Court is final. In the US the judiciary is divided into the federal and state judiciary. Jurisdiction of particular courts or judges is determined by either the national or state constitutions and laws. The state courts are organized in a system that looks like the system of Federal courts with a Supreme Court at the top. In most of the states the lowest courts are the magistrates, or police courts...»

(to be continued)

12.3.4. В тексте встречаются более 10 случаев употребления Passive Voice. Дайте, пожалуйста, точную цифру.

12.3.5. Предположим, что вы пишете отчет вашему начальнику о краже со взломом. Используйте следующие слова и Passive Voice.

1. The door of the house, to force, at 10 p. m. yesterday.

2. The old man, to beat, to tie.

3. The most valuable things, to take.

4. The fingerprints, to find, on many pieces of furniture.

5. The knife, to leave, by one of the burglars.

6. The car, to use, by them, and the traces of it, to find, near the house.

7. The old man, to take to the hospital.

12.3.6. Предположим, что вы сопровождаете в качестве гида иностранного туриста, приехавшего в Ростов. Предложите ему план пребывания в Ростове. Используйте Future Simple.

Model: Tomorrow at 5 p. m. you'll be taken to Drama Theatre.

12.3.7. Преподаватель упрекает вас в целом ряде поступков. Попытайтесь оправдаться, используя Passive Voice и выражения:

Oh, no; you see...;

The fact is that...;

On the contrary...

1. You took my text-book yesterday.

2. You fell asleep at my lesson.

3. I saw you kiss this girl/boy.

4. I know you are going to miss my lesson tomorrow.

5. You broke the window in our classroom yesterday.

6. You hid my bag and I can't find it.

7. You beat your neighbour.

12.3.8. В нашем классе случаются странные вещи. Скажите, кого вы подозреваете в этом.

Model: (to break the window) — The window was broken by...

1. to tear note-books;

2. to break the teacher's table;

3. to eat smb's apple;

4. to hide student's coats;

5. to bring monkey to the lesson;

6. to write a letter to the teacher;

7. to scold the teacher.

*12.3.9. Скажите по-английски:

1. Меня попросили рассказать о судебной системе США. 2. Его предложение одобряется всеми членами совета. 3. Эти судьи назначаются президентом. 4. Этого свидетеля вызвали последним 5. Присяжные используются в наиболее серьезных случаях. 6. Закон был принят вчера. 7. Страна разделена на несколько округов. 8. Большинство гражданских дел рассматривается судами магистрата. 9. Существующие системы судов штатов возглавляются верховными судами штатов. 10. Суды штатов организованы подобно федеральным судам.

12.3.10. Петр решил рассказать смешную историю. Он пытался как можно чаще употреблять Passive Voice. Удалось ли ему справиться с этим без ошибок?

This story was told by Charles Dickens. During a sea-trip a young girl was courted by five young men. She was at a loss whom to choose. She was advised to jump overboard and then marry the one who would be jumped in after her. The girl did as she was told. She was jumped into the sea and was followed by four of the men. When they were fished out of the water by the sailors she was at a loss even more than before. «What shall I do with these four wet men?» — she was asked the captain. «Take the dry one», was the old sea-wolf's advice. And so she did.

12.3.11. Постарайтесь начертить схему системы федеральных судов США, пользуясь информацией в тексте этого урока.

12.3.12. Попытайтесь соотнести название судов (слева) и их юрисдикцию (справа).

Supreme Court 1. Most of the criminal and civil cases are tried by this court.

Court of Appeal 2. It has the right to declare unconstitutional any law passed by Congress.

District Court 3. It hears appeals from lower courts.

12.3.13. Прочитайте дополнительную информацию о федеральной системе судов США и расскажите, что вы поняли (по-русски).

Courts    The government can be sued for of Claims unpaid salary, property taken for public use and personal injuries for which the Federal government is responsible. The Court of Claims consists of a chief justice and 4 associate justices who are appointed by the President with Senate approval.

Customs  This court deals with all the cases

Court      arising at the customs when goods enter the country. This court was established in 1890 and is located in New York where most of its business is conducted.

Court of   The court hears appeals from

Customs   decisions of the Customs Court and Patent and the Patent Office. Its judge-Appeals    ments and decrees are final.

* 12.3.14. Предположим, что вы — один из судей Верховного суда США. Иностранные корреспонденты задают вам вопрос о судебной системе США. Дайте точные ответы на их вопросы.

12.4. Practice in communication

(Refusal)

* 12.4.1. Read and try to remember:

Here are some ways of refusing to comply with someone's suggestions.

1. No, thank you. I don't want to.

2. No, certainly not.

3. Why should I?

4. Oh, no!

5. Never!

6. Good heavens, no!

12.4.2. Ask someone why they don't:

1. buy a television;

2. call the police;

3. go into politics;

4. get a new job;

5. have a haircut;

6. take up yoga;

7. become a doctor.

He/she will refuse to comply with your suggestions.

12.4.3. Look through the dialogue and then dramatize it.

HE   Why don't you sit down and relax, darling?

SHE Because I don't want to.

HE   Well, come and talk to me then.

SHE Certainly not.

HE   May I turn on the radio then?

SHE Turn on the radio? What for?

HE   So that we can sit together and listen to some music.

SHE Listen to some music? And who'll cook the dinner? Will you?

HE   OK, I will. But let's go to a disco after dinner.

SHE To a disco? Good heavens, no! You know I hate pop.

12.4.4. Make any suggestions you like. You partner will refuse to comply.

12.5. General understanding

12.5.1. Read the text. Try to understand it and be ready to answer the questions.

The man who escaped

(Episode 12)

1. Kate led Coke to a table and then went to the bar to get their drinks. «Masters isn't here», Coke said. «Surely you didn't expect to walk in and find him, just like that?» «No, I suppose not».

They had been there for over an hour. More people came in, but Masters was not among them. It was getting towards closing time when the barman came to their table. «May I take you empty glasses?» he asked politely. Coke touched him on his sleeve. «Does a man named Eric Masters ever come in here?» he asked. He did not notice the man standing at the bar who stared at him in the mirror when he mentioned Masters' name.

2. The barman thought for a second. «There's a man named Eric Masters who comes in here a lot. He's a military type. Is that who you mean?» he asked. Coke tried to sound casual when he asked his next question. «Has he been here today?» The barman nodded. «Yes, he was in this afternoon». «I don't suppose you know where I can find him now?» Coke said. «I'm afraid not. All I know about him is that he has an antique shop somewhere near Red Lion Square», he answered.

The barman was shouting «Last orders, please» when Coke and Kate left. Kate led him through the crowded, bright streets. When they got to Shaftesbury Avenue, Kate called a taxi. Neither she nor Coke noticed the man who was so close behind them in the crowd that he heard Kate say «Red Lion Square, please» to the driver. They did not see him get into a cab and follow them.

3. «Would you mind driving round the Square once?» Kate asked the driver. Red Lion Square was deserted. «It's obviously not on the square itself», Coke said. They got out the taxi, paid the driver and started exploring. There were antique shops on several of the side streets but Masters' name was not among the other names of the owners.

Half an hour later they were still looking. Kate kept glancing over her shoulder. She had the uncomfortable feeling that someone was following them but she couldn't see anybody.

«I don't like wandering round the dark streets at this hour», she said. «I don't like doing it, either, but what else can we do? We can't stop looking now. It might be our last chance». Coke answered. Suddenly something in the window of a shop across the road caught his eye. The street was very dark but the thing gleamed. It reflected the light of a passing car. They crossed the street. The thing was an old military sabre and it was in a window marked «Antique Weapons and Military Antiques». There were old pistols, helmets and other swords in the window. Coke became excited. «This must be it!» he said. There was no name on the window but there was a phone number on the door. Coke copied it down.

12.5.2. Choose the correct answer. Don't use the text.

1. When Coke asked the barman about Eric Masters...

a) the man at the bar stared at him;

b) the barman stared at him in surprise;

c) the barman looked at the man at the door bar.

2. When Kate and Coke took the taxi...

a) they noticed the man behind them;

b) the man followed them in a cab;

c) the man lost sight of them.

3. When Kate glanced over her shoulder...

a) she noticed the man following them;

b) she could not see anybody;

c) she saw the light of a passing car.

12.5.3. Answer the teacher's questions. (Books closed.)

1. What did Coke ask the barman about?

2. What didn't Coke notice?

3. What did they learn from barman about Masters?

4. What did the man who followed them do?

5. What was there on the side streets of the square?

6. Why did Kate keep glancing over her shoulder?

7. What caught Coke's eye?

8. How was the window marked?

9. What was there in the window and on the door?

12.5.4. Compose the plan for this part of the story.

12.6. Scanning practice

12.6.1. Read the questions. Be sure you've got them well in mind.

1. Why did Mr. Newbery shoot?

2. What was the judgement?

3. What did the judgement cause?

4. Was Mr. Newbery right, trying to defend himself?

12.6.2. Start scanning the text. Don't fail to note your time.

82-year-old man who shot burglar must pay him $ 4000

An 82-year-old man who shot a burglar who was trying to break into his allotment shed was ordered to pay him $ 4000 damages yesterday. Ted Newberey had been sleeping in a shed to try to stop vandals destroying his allotment. He fired through a hole in the door when he heard voices outside. Mark Revill, 28, was hit in the chest and arm by 50 shotgun pellets as he and another man tried to smash their way into the shed.

They had gone there to steal, knowing that the pensioner had a television set and a washing machine in the shed.

Mr Newbery had slept in the shed every night for four years because of vandalism, the court was told by the defense. That night, he heard a loud banging on the door and a voice saying: «If the old man's in there, we'll do him». He was absolutely terrified, and fired the gun in self-defense. As the result of the incident, Mr Revill lost two fingers, and has partially lost the use of one arm

Mr Justice Rougier ruled that Mr. Newbery had acted out of all proportion to the threat. He had not acted in panic, but had planned his response in advance, and it had been reckless to shoot the shotgun through a hole in the door, while not being able to see what he was shooting at. Mr Justice Rougier awarded Revill $4000 for his injuries and loss of earnings.

The judgement coursed an immediate public outcry. Tim Molloney the Mayor of Erewash, launched an appeal to raise money to pay Mr Newbery's bill, and started the fund with a contribution of $100. Since then, money has been pouring in from all over the country. A London restaurateur was one of the dozens to call «The Times» to express his anger over the affair. Husseyin Ozer, 42, said he would sell his Rolex watch to pay the award. «I'm outraged.