99592

Иностранный язык в сфере профессиональной деятельности (английский)

Книга

Иностранные языки, филология и лингвистика

11 Задание на контрольную работу Тип ПУ: Каналы интерфейсная аппаратура Виды организации: режимы прерывания Определить совокупность аппаратных и программных средств обеспечивающих обмен данными между ПУ и ядром ЭВМ выбранного предприятия. Описать виды взаимодействия ПУ с ядром ЭВМ. Интерфейсная аппаратура Большое значение имеет концепция взаимосвязи отдельных частей ЭВМ структура или как это принято называть в информатике архитектура вычислительной системы.

Русский

2016-09-25

1.47 MB

0 чел.

Государственное казенное образовательное учреждение

высшего профессионального образования

«РОССИЙСКАЯ ТАМОЖЕННАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ»

Кафедра иностранных языков

СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ТАМОЖЕННАЯ СЛУЖБА

CUSTOMSTODAY (в двух частях)

часть 1

Учебное пособие по дисциплинам

«Иностранный язык»,

«Иностранный язык в сфере профессиональной деятельности» (английский)

для студентов 1 курса очного отделения

Москва

2012

Допущено учебно-методическим советом Академии

в качестве учебного пособия для студентов,

обучающихся по специальности 03401.65 «Таможенное дело»

Рецензенты:

Н.И.Рец, заведующий кафедрой совершенствования языковой подготовки

Института дистанционного обучения, переподготовки и повышения квалификации кандидат технических наук, доцент;

А.З.Измайлов, заведующий кафедрой иностранных языков Московской государственной академии коммунального хозяйства и строительства, кандидат филологических наук, доцент.

Давыдова Г.П., Колеганова В.В  «Современная таможенная служба»/”CustomsToday” (в двух частях) часть 1 (пособие по дисциплинам  «Иностранный язык (английский)»,  «Иностранный язык в сфере профессиональной деятельности (английский)» для студентов 1 курса очного отделения– М.:Изд-во Российской таможенной академии, 2012.

Учебное пособие  включает методические указания по работе над иностранным языком, профессионально-ориентированные тексты, лексико-грамматические упражнения, задания для развития коммуникативных навыков, а также  материалы средств массовой информации для чтения и самостоятельной работы, справочный материал.

Данное пособие предназначено для студентов 1 курса очной формы обучения факультета таможенного дела Российской таможенной академии, обучающихся по специальности 03401.65 - «Таможенное дело»

© Г.П.Давыдова, В.В.Колеганова, 2012.

© Российская таможенная академия, 2012.

ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ

Роль иностранного языка как средства общения и взаимопонимания становится в настоящее время еще более значимой вследствие определенных факторов, характерных для современного общества: расширение международных экономических, политических и культурных связей; развитие международных средств массовой коммуникации; открытость политики государства мировому сообществу.

Прагматический аспект изучения иностранного языка тесным образом связан с наличием потребности его применения в повседневной жизни и в ситуациях профессионального общения. Данное пособие ставит своей задачей помочь студентам факультета таможенного дела овладеть навыками  языковой компетенции необходимыми для осуществления профессиональной коммуникации.

Учебное пособие  «Современная таможенная служба» / ”CustomsToday” (в двух частях) часть 1 по дисциплинам «Иностранный язык (английский)», «Иностранный язык в сфере профессиональной деятельности» предназначено для студентов 1 курса очного отделения факультета таможенного дела является составной частью УМК для специальности 036401.65  «Таможенное дело».

Задачи и содержание дисциплин, требования текущего, промежуточного и итогового контроля соответствуют Рабочим программам учебных дисциплин «Иностранный язык (английский)», «Иностранный язык в сфере профессиональной деятельности (английский)», утвержденным учебно-методическим советом факультета таможенного дела РТА.

В соответствии с ФГОС ВПО процесс изучения дисциплин «Иностранный язык», «Иностранный язык в сфере профессиональной деятельности» направлен на формирование:

а) общекультурной компетенции, предусматривающей  способность применять  иностранный  язык  в сфере профессиональной деятельности (ОК-7);

б) профессиональной компетенции, предусматривающейвладение навыками сотрудничества с таможенными и иными компетентными органами иностранных государств, Всемирной таможенной организацией и иными международными организациями, занимающимися таможенным делом (ПК-22).

В результате изучения дисциплины студент должен:

а)знать базовую общеупотребительную лексику и специальную терминологию на иностранном языке, базовые грамматические темы иностранного языка, обеспечивающие коммуникацию по профилю специальности.

б) уметь читать, понимать, анализировать как учебные, так иоригинальные  тексты различной сложности, применяя просмотровый, ознакомительный, изучающий и поисковый виды чтения; понимать при однократном предъявлении аутентичную монологическую и диалогическую речь в пределах пройденной тематики  в нормальном темпе в непосредственном контакте с партнером, а также в записи на различных носителях.

в)владеть  навыками разговорно-бытовой и профессиональной речи на иностранном языке; основами профессионально-речевой коммуникации, основными навыками письменного оформления документов, в том числе такими, как подготовленное и неподготовленное монологическое высказывание,  а также  сообщение, объяснение, развернутая реплика, реферирование профессионально-ориентированного текста, презентация, доклад по специальности; навыками ведения диалога с партнером и выражения обширного реестра коммуникативных намерений  (вопрос, информирование, пояснение, уточнение, совет, иллюстрирование и др.) в процессе иноязычного общения в объеме пройденной тематики в различных по степени официальности ситуациях; навыками продуктивной письменной речи нейтрального и официального характера в следующих формах:  деловая переписка, заполнение таможенных документов, составление отчета, написание тезисов доклада.

Пособие включает:

1. Рекомендации по организации самостоятельной работы.

2. Профессионально-ориентированные тексты, лексико-грамматические задания к ним.

3. Словарь-минимум по каждой теме.

4.Раздел Communication Activities

5. Conversational Formulas

6.Текстыдлячтенияианализа / Texts for Reading and Analyses

РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО ОРГАНИЗАЦИИ

САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

Изучение иностранного языка – это осознанная целенаправленная деятельность, ориентированная на усвоение структурных характеристик иностранного языка, таких как фонетика, лексика, грамматика. Данное учебное пособие имеет целью помочь вам найти наиболее эффективные пути формирования языковых умений и навыков, необходимых для осуществления профессиональной коммуникации.

Немаловажным здесь является «умение учиться», т.к. рассчитывать на успех при ограниченном количестве часов можно только в том случае, если обучающийся будет уметь работать самостоятельно.

Для организации эффективной работы над иностранным языком необходимо научиться следующему:

- планировать собственную учебную деятельность;

- выбирать наиболее оптимальные средства решения поставленных учебных задач;

- использовать различные виды работ со справочной и учебной литературой в процессе выполнения учебной задачи;

- осуществлять самоконтроль в процессе учебной деятельности.

Работа над текстом.

Работа над текстом – один из важнейших компонентов познавательной деятельности, который направлен на извлечение информации из письменного источника. Для того, чтобы текст стал реальной и продуктивной основой обучения всем видам речевой деятельности, необходимо проделать ряд операций с составляющими его языковыми единицами, научиться трансформировать их и конструировать свои предложения для решения определенных коммуникативных  задач (пересказа, составления выступления по теме, диалога, письменного сообщения и т.д.).  Рекомендуется следующий порядок действий:

1.   Просмотрите текст и постарайтесь понять, о чем идет речь.

2. При повторном чтении разделите сложносочиненные или сложноподчиненные предложения на самостоятельные и придаточные, выделите причастные обороты или другие конструкции.

3. Найдите подлежащее и сказуемое, и поняв  их значение, переведите последовательно второстепенные члены предложения.

4.  Если предложение длинное, определите слова и группы, которые можно временно опустить для выяснения основного содержания предложения. Не ищите в словаре сразу все незнакомые слова, попробуйте догадаться об их значении по контексту.

5. Внимательно присмотритесь к словам, имеющим знакомые вам корни, суффиксы, приставки. При этом обратите внимание на то, какой частью речи являются такие слова.

6. Слова, оставшиеся непонятными, ищите в словаре.

   Работа со словарем.

1. Повторите английский алфавит. Это поможет находить слова не только по первой букве, но и по всем остальным.

2. Запомните обозначения частей речи:

nnoun -  имя существительное

vverb -  глагол

adj.adjective – имя прилагательное

adv. – adverb -наречие

   pron. – pronoun –местоимение

   prep. – preposition –предлогит.д.

3. Из нескольких значений слова в словарной статье постарайтесь подобрать близкое по смыслу, связав с общим смыслом предложения.

4. Помимо словарей общеупотребительной лексики пользуйтесь   терминологическими словарями по своей специальности.

Несмотря на помощь словаря, вам будут встречаться  непонятные слова и выражения. Не теряйте зря времени, если очень долго не можете разобраться сами. Обратитесь за консультацией к преподавателю.

Работа над лексикой.

Запоминание лексики обычно бывает основной трудностью при изучении иностранного языка. Без знания слов не может быть знания языка. Нужно проделать большую и сознательную работу, прежде чем будет усвоен необходимый словарный минимум профессиональных терминов.

Встречая новое слово, всегда анализируйте его, обращая внимание на написание, произношение и значение. Часто можно найти сходство с аналогичным или сходным русским словом, например,passenger – пассажир и др. Важно также научиться подмечать родство новых слов с уже известными. Однако, есть слова, не поддающиеся никакому анализу. Их надо постараться запомнить, но механическое повторение не всегда эффективно. Попробуйте следующий порядок работы:

- произнесите новое слово сначала изолированно;

- произнесите словосочетание из текста с новым словом (уделите особое    внимание предлогам);

- подберите к новому слову синонимы или антонимы (если это возможно);

- выполните письменно лексические упражнения после текста.

Работа над грамматикой.

Формирование речевого грамматического навыка предполагает воспроизведение различных грамматических явлений в ситуациях, типичных для профессиональной коммуникации и адекватное грамматическое оформление  высказываний. Работая над этим, вам следует:

- прочтите развернутый  теоретический материал по изучаемой теме в

 учебнике  по  грамматике английского языка;

- изучите справочную таблицу в приложении к данному пособию;

- найдите в тексте урока изучаемую грамматическую структуру ;

- обозначьте имеющиеся грамматические ориентиры;

- сделайте письменно упражнения;

- варьируйте содержание предложений в имеющихся моделях, заменяя

 слова в зависимости от  меняющейся ситуации;

- сопоставьте/противопоставьте изучаемую структуру ранее изученным;

Переход от навыков к умениям обеспечивается посредством активации новых грамматических структур в составе диалогических и монологических высказываний по определенной теме. Включайте освоенный материал в беседы и высказывания по пройденным темам.

Предложенные рекомендации могут помочь вам найти наиболее эффективные пути освоения иностранного языка. Однако надо помнить, что нет единой инструкции для всех, по которой следует изучать иностранный язык. Только ваш собственный опыт подскажет, какие из рекомендаций являются наиболее полезными лично для вас.

Работая творчески, проявляя активность, желание, самостоятельность вы сможете достичь поставленной цели – овладеть иностранным языком в объеме необходимом для осуществления коммуникации в профессиональной сфере.

UNIT 1

THE WORK OF A CUSTOMS OFFICER

What is the English for «таможня», «таможенник»?

customs  [kΛstmz]  -   import duties;

the Customs  -   the department of government that collects import duties.

                         It has other functions too.

House

Zone

CustomsEnclosure    -     office/place where passengers, cargo, transport

Hall              complete  formalities and wait to be released

Check pointfrom customs control;

Warehouse

a customs officer    -   a person who works for the Customs;

the Russian Customs Academy  -  an educational institution where

                                                       young people study to qualify for

                                                       the  job at the Customs

*     *     *

a custom  -  a tradition;

a customer  -  a client;

“A customer is always right.”

Text 1

Task 1.Read and translate the text

Customs officers are multi-skilled and can move through different work areas. Some work areas involve workingin shifts orovertime, indoorsoroutdoors.  Most officerswear uniform and work closely with public. Customs officers must becompetent and correctlyapply customs laws andregulations when they:

  • examinepassengers and their baggage at different ports of entry ;
  • clearcargo andtransport meansatcheck-points andwarehouses;
  • process documents andcollect duties;
  • interdict the traffic of smuggling.

Customs officers use a wide range oftools andtechnology, such as computers,metal detectors,X-ray machines andscanners. There are alsocanine enforcement teams where dogs are trainedto detect narcotics,explosives andcurrency.

Thousands of passengerspass through international airports every day. Many of them arequestioned, some aresearched and some arepunished withpenalties if theybreak laws. This work requires attention, concentration and sometimes intuition.Travelers are often tired or upset and they can bedifficultto dealwith.  To act with diplomacy at all times and stay calm however provoked is an important part of the job.

The Customs Service involveslawenforcement, and thestaff must display the highestpersonal and professional conduct in fulfilling theirduties. Team work is essential to successful operation of all departments of the Customs. Moreover, Customs officers cooperate with other law enforcement agencies such asthe Police,Border guards, Tax Police,Federal Security Bureau (FSB), etc.

There arecareer prospects within the Customs where thestaff can work at different areas to learn more and to move to another level.

Working on the text

Task 2.Put the words into the correct column according to the pronunciation.

search,  punish,  technology,   machine,shifts,check,   professional, ,  charge

technique,   merchandise,    commercial,chemicals,   precious,  purchase,champagne,  Asia

[k]

[t∫]

[]

technology

search

punish

Task 3.   a) Mark the stress in the Russian words and compare it with the  English  words.  Tick the pairs of words with different stressed syllables.

officer

passenger

academy

baggage

metal

control

document

uniform

contraband

competent

police

офицер

пассажир

академия

багаж

металл

контроль

документ

униформа

контрабанда

компетентный

полиция

b) Read the English words again.

c) Put the English words into alphabetical order.

Task 4.Give the English equivalents of the following:

таможенник; форма; законы и правила; пошлины; контрабанда; технические средства;  валюта;  штраф;  правоохранительная деятельность; перспектива; таможенный пост; персонал; взрывчатые вещества;  кинологическое подразделение

Task 5.  Find in the text the synonyms to the following words:

- to check

- contraband

- goods

- a fine

- department

- employees

- passenger

- inspector

Task 6.  Find in the text the words that may follow these verbs:

- to work

- to deal with

- to use

- to act

- to be involved in

- to apply

  • to wear
  • to detect
  • to train
  • to clear
  • to collect
  • to cooperate

Task 7.   a) Match left and right to make  word combinations and translate them:

metal

team

law

border

work

check

guard

areas

enforcement

point

detector

work

b) Make sentences using these word combinations.

Task  8.Answer the questions:

1. Where do customs officers work?

2. Do customs officers work indoors or outdoors?

3. Do customs officers work in shifts or overtime?

4. Do they wear uniform?

5. What do they deal with?

6. What tools and technologies do they use?

7. What are customs officers’ responsibilities?

8. Do they have to meet a lot of people? What people?

9. Does the job require any special skills or traits of character?

10. Does the Customs cooperate with any other state bodies?

Task  9.Translate the sentences from Russian into English.

1.  Я работаю на таможенном посту.

2.  Обычно мы работаем в дневную смену.

3.  Таможенники, как правило, носят форму.

4.  Мы проверяем документы, груз и транспортные средства.

5.  Мы используем современные технологии, а также бригады кинологов  для эффективного  контроля пассажиров.

6.  Наша цель – выявлять контрабанду.

7.  Таможенники досматривают грузы в таможенной зоне.

8. Когда я провожу досмотр багажа, я стараюсь быть предельно  внимательным.

9.   Они защищают экономические интересы страны.

10.Наши клиенты хорошо говорят по-английски.

11.  Мы начисляем пошлины на ввозимые товары.

12. Таможенники сотрудничают с Налоговой инспекцией и другими правоохранительными органами.

13. Таможенники должны знать законы и правила, чтобы грамотно их применять.

14.  При прохождении таможенного контроля  пассажиры должны отвечать на вопросы сотрудников таможни о своём багаже и предъявить его для досмотра.

Text 2

Task10.  a) Read and translate the text:

Danger! Sense of humor failure.

(by Bill Bryson)

Here’s my tip of the week. Don’t make jokes in America. Even in experienced hands, a joke can be a dangerous thing. I came to this conclusion recently while passing through Customs and Immigration at Logan airport in Boston. As I approached the last immigration official, he said to me, ‘Any fruit or vegetables?’

What does this question mean? Why did the official ask it?

I considered for a moment. ‘Sure, why not?’ I said. ‘I’ll have four pounds of potatoes and some mangoes, if they are fresh.’

Instantly, I could see that I had misjudged my audience. He looked at me with one of those slow, dark expressions that you never want to see in a uniformed official, but especially in a US Customs and Immigration officer.

Why did the customs official begin to get angry?

Luckily he appeared to conclude that I was just incredibly stupid. ‘Sir,’ he enquired more specifically. ‘Are you carrying any items of fruit or vegetable?’ ‘No, sir, I’m not,’ I answered at once, and gave him the most respectable look I believe I have given anybody in my life. I left him shaking his head. I am sure that for the rest of his career he will always be telling people about the idiot who thought he was a greengrocer.

Why do you think the author gave the customs official a very respectful look?

The same thing happened  another time when I was talking to my neighbor about a disastrous airline trip which had left me stranded overnight in Denver. ‘Who did you fly with?’ he asked.

What does the question really mean?

‘I don’t know,’ I replied. ‘They were all strangers.’ He looked at me with an expression of panic.

‘No, I meant which airline you had flown with,’ he said. Soon after this my wife ordered me to stop making jokes with him, as our conversations were giving him migraine.

Why didn’t his neighbor understand his answers?

b) Make a glossary. Choose seven words to remember.

c) Answer the questions:

1. What do you think these people’s problem was?

2. What should people do to avoid misunderstanding?

3. Can you remember any situations like that which happened to you?

Vocabulary and Grammar

Task 11.Make as many word combinations as you can:

CUSTOMS

officer

Task 12.Put the following nouns into the correct column:

news,    luggage,    goods,     money,    belongings,    progress,    clothes,

advice,    headquarters,    resources,    cash,    valuables,    furniture,

equipment,     premises,    police

nouns used only in the singular

nouns used only in the plural

news

goods

Task 13.Find the word with the most general meaning in each line:

  1. contract, certificate, license, document, declaration
  2. computer, telephone, equipment, fax-machine, Xerox
  3. control, examine, inspect, check
  4. terminal, station, port of entry, airport
  5. suitcase, rucksack, handbag, box, baggage
  6. camera, X-ray machine, technology, metal detector, fiberscope
  7. transport, aircraft, train, truck, ship
  8. duty, payment, penalty, fine, tax
  9. passenger, customer, broker, trader

10)  ask, answer, explain, consult, inform, communicate

Task 14. Put the words in the correct order.

  1. they/ uniform/ always/ wear.
  2. don’t/ English/ speak/ at work/ I.
  3. he/ abroad/ on business trips/ goes/ often.
  4. passenger’s baggage/ customs/examine/ officers.
  5. contraband/ find/ we/ sometimes.
  6. with/am/ polite/ customers/ I/ always.
  7. you/ do/ computer/ special/ use/ programs?
  8. like/ outdoors/ doesn’t/ to work/ she.
  9. on the night shift/ do/ work/ you/ often?

10) work/ machine/ doesn’t/ X-ray/ this.

11) passengers/ customs/ through/ pass/ always/ control.

12) help/ to detect/ drugs/ dogs.

13) check-point/ modern/ our/ got/ computers/ has.

14) department/ that/ duties/ and/ collects.

15) business/ customs officers/ health/ protect/ public/ and.

Task 15.Find as many words from the topic as you can.

A

B

N

G

P

O

L

I

C

E

T

T

Q

L

A

W

A

A

C

T

W

E

E

O

T

Y

R

U

S

I

O

E

P

A

C

O

C

S

C

U

S

T

O

M

S

F

H

L

O

A

O

G

E

A

F

H

J

K

N

L

M

P

T

U

N

I

F

O

R

M

O

L

P

P

I

Z

G

R

I

X

C

V

L

I

E

L

C

B

E

P

C

A

R

G

O

C

T

Y

S

N

R

O

E

R

M

Q

G

E

E

S

D

C

U

R

R

E

N

C

Y

N

N

D

U

T

Y

T

R

A

F

F

I

C

T

A

X

W

A

R

E

H

O

U

S

E

Task 16.Make a written translation of the text and think about the title for it.

“I saw an advertisement for *HM Revenue and Excise and thought that it sounded really interesting. I joined HM Revenue and Excise as an administrative assistant doing general support work. I did that job for three years. When I got my promotion to administrative officer, I worked on the project which involved the simplification of the paperwork for the import and export of goods. I had to handle telephone enquiries. It was very challenging work and there was never a dull moment. After two years I applied for the Investigation division and was fortunate enough to get the job. It was a good opportunity to broaden my experience. My current job as a control officer is tough, but very interesting. The main part of my job is to help traders to understand the regulations and to ensure if they are following the correct procedures. I feel that I am part of the Team and that what I am doing is worthwhile.

*Before 2005 the department was called HM Customs and Excise.

Speaking

Task 17.Think of a profession.  Try to guess what professions your partners  have in mind. The following YES/NO questions may help you:

1. Do you work indoors / outdoors?

2. Do you work in shifts?

3. Do you wear uniform?

4. Do you deal with …?

5. Do you use any special tools?

6. Do you meet a lot of people?

7. Do you have to speak foreign languages?

8. Do you have to go on business trips?

9. Do you need any special skills/education?

10.  Is your profession prestigious / well-paid?

Task 18.Complete the sentences.

1. The Customs is the state body which …

2. The duties of the customs officer include …

3. If you want to be a customs officer you should …

4. A person can’t be a customs officer if …

Task  19. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of being a customs officer. Make a list:

advantages

disadvantages

It is prestigious…

Customs officers have to work in shifts …

Task 20.Get ready to speak on the topic. Use the vocabulary ofthe unit.

Communication activities.

Task 21. What sort of personality characteristics are most important for:

- a customs officer / - a flight attendant? Mark three of the following:

decisive                               stable                             sympathetic

independent                         brave                             authoritative

emotional                            strong                            friendly

self- disciplined                   kind                               fair

supportive                            firm                               reliable

Compare your choices with your partner.

Task  22. If you were unemployed would you take a job in:

a factory                               a hospital                     a Customs warehouse

a bank                                   a shop                          a scientific  research centre

a bakery                                a library                       an Internet café

a restaurant                           a theatre                       the Customs Academy

a school                                 an airport                     a police station

See if your answers are the same with your partner’s and if you answered «maybe»  say  what  it would depend  on. What jobs would you hate to do and why?

Task 23.  What would be your ideal job?

  • What are the most important aspects of job satisfaction   for you?
  • Describe some personal and physical qualities that a person needs for this job?
  • What qualities are essential for this job? Cross out the ones you think you don’t possess and therefore may have to work on.

Discuss your answers to these questions with your partner and give an

explanation for your choice.

Task 24. Think of any job and imagine it is yours. Imagine 5 things you did yesterday as part of your job and write them down. Read out your story to your partner. See if he can guess what your job is.

Task 25. Discuss with your partner the following: what sort of personal characteristics do you think are the most important for a customs officer?  Mark three of the following (using one for the most important, then two and three).

decisive

sympathetic

empathetic

attentive

emotional

authoritative

clever

sad

loyal

friendly

strong

kind

generous

independent

stable

brave

tall

honest

strict

serious

blue-eyed

self-disciplined

melancholy

Task 26.  Role -play.

a) You are a customs officer. Answer these questions for a school leaver interested in a career in the Customs.

1. What qualities does a Customs officer need?

2. Why do you think it is a difficult science to study?

3. Which subjects should I study if I want to be a Customs officer?

4. What career opportunities are there for someone who has studied Customs matters?

5. Do all Customs officers do the same kind of the work?

6. What type of work is being done in Customs in Russia?

7. Why do some people say career prospects in the Customs Service are very good?

8.  Why do you say a career in the Customs Service could be very exciting in future?

b) Discuss your answers in class.

Task 27. Group work.  In groups decide on a job vacancy, e. g.  a customs officer, a dog handler, a customs broker, etc. Three students then role play the job interviewers. One is sympathetic, one aggressive and one is neutral. The other students  role -play the applicants. Several people are interviewed for the same job. The interviewers then discuss them, comparing their abilities. The group can decide who gets the job.

VOCABULARY

theСustoms

таможня

the Customs Service

таможеннаяслужба

customs warehouse

таможенныйсклад

customs check-point

таможенный пост

to work in shifts / overtime

посменно / сверхурочно

indoors  /outdoors

в помещении / на открытом воздухе

to wear uniform

носить форму

competent

компетентный

law,legal act

закон

to apply

зд.  применять

regulations

правила

to clear

зд. оформлять

cargo

груз

todeal

иметь дело с чем/кем-либо

transportmeans

транспортное средство

tools

инструменты, приспособления

technology

высокотехнологичное оборудование

metal detector

металлоискатель

X-ray machine

рентген-аппарат

canine enforcement team (К-9)

бригада кинологов

drug detector dog

собака, обученная находить наркотики

explosives

взрывчатые вещества

currency

валюта

to pass through

проходить через

to process documents

оформлять документы

to inspectsyn. to examine, to search, to check, to control, to rummage

досматривать

to punish

наказывать

penalty,  fine,

штраф

to require

требовать

to break law

нарушать закон

traveler, passenger

пассажир

to detect

обнаруживать

to collect

взимать

to charge, to impose

налагать

duty

пошлина

personal and professional conduct

личные и профессиональные качества

to interdict

предотвращать, задерживать

smuggling, contraband

контрабанда

fair trade

честная торговля

traffic of smuggling

провоз контрабанды

career prospects

перспектива карьерного роста

staff, employees, personnel

штат; сотрудники

essential

существенный, неотъемлемый

the Russian Customs Academy

Российская таможенная академия

Border guards

пограничная служба

Tax police

налоговая полиция

Federal Security Bureau

Федеральная Служба Безопасности

department,  section,  desk,  group

oтдел

goods,  things

товар

luggage (Br E), baggage (Am E)

багаж

to suspect

подозревать

Investigations department

следственное управление

to import / export;import / export

ввозить/вывозить;ввоз/вывоз

to fill in (to fill out -Am E)

заполнять

to weigh/ weight

взвешивать/вес

channel

канал

UNIT 2

Text 1

THE HISTORY OF CUSTOMS

Task 1. Read and translate the text.

The current Russian wordtamozhnyaappeared in the times of Mongol-Tatar yoke. The wordtamga, in Tatar, meant “a customs tax; an official whocollected it; andthe stamped seal ora statement showing that it had been paid”. The Russian Customs Service, however,predates the Mongol-Tatar yoke (1237-1480).  Thus, we can say that Russia has had a Customs Service in some form during the past 1000 years.

Even in the times of Kievan Rus,taxeswere collected for thetransportation of goods throughthe frontiers of individual princedoms. Each market had itstamozhnya andthe right to collect duties couldbe purchased fromthe State. That right was often given to powerfulmerchants.

The firstRussian Customs Statutewas handed down in 1667. It was strict towardsforeigners, who were allowedto trade only infrontier townson pain ofconfiscation.  A special tsar’s certificate was required for trading further inside the country.  Suchprotectionism went on for most of the next 300 years. Every tsar, from Peter the Great to Nicolas II, approved lawslimiting the import offoreign goods anddefending Russian producers.

For almost all of its history the Customs Service has been much more thana force for keeping out contraband. In fact, it has beena powerful administrativebody, andcustoms business has always been considered important and prestigious.

*          *          *

A number of well-known people both in Russia and abroad worked for the Customs andcontributed to its development.

The Russian tsar Alexei Mikhailovitch was the head of the Russian state for more than 30 years (1645-1676). It was the time when the mainstate institutions were formed. He did a lotto develop customs laws. For example, heinitiated customsreformsbyissuing the Decree “On levying customs duties on goods in Moscow and other cities”. Besides, hesigned the NewTrade Statute (1667) which was based on the previouslegislation and suggestions, made by Russian merchants. It was the first attemptto arrange customs procedures.

The well-known Russian  poet Gavriil R. Derzchavin combined his literary activities with his work as President ofCommerce Board in 1794-1803. He wasengaged in foreign trade and customs business and took part inworking out customs tariffswhich came into effectin 1800.

Alexander N. Radishev, the famous Russian writer, also worked for the Customs andwas appointed the head of St.Petersburg Customs House.

Dmitry I. Mendeleev was a great Russian chemist andapublic figure. In 1891-1903 he was Head of the Commissionin charge of customs tariffs. He was sure that protectionist tariff would serve the development of the country as it not onlyregulated export and import but alsostimulated industrial production. He was one of the first to discover the laws ruling customs business.

Nowadays Russia has the world’s longestborder to police and has amodern, multi-functioning Customs Service. Itcarries out the samefunctions as the Customs of other countries:fiscal function, regulation of foreign trade, lawenforcement, keeping ofcustoms statistics onforeign trade, etc.

Working on the text

Task 2. Look at these words and answer the question.

Is there anything special about the way we should read and pronounce them?

through        foreign         write              export          chemist        either

right             sign              wrong            import         technology

Task 3. Find in the text the words that follow the verbs below:

a) to initiate

b) to levy

c) to regulate

d) to stimulate

e) to discover

f) to be engaged in

g) to work out

h) to issue

i) to collect

j) to approve

k) to combine

l) to form

Task 4.Find the words or phrases in the text which mean the following:

a) to be involved in some activity

b) to start

c) to collect by authority

d) to choose for a post

e) to find out

f) the laws

g) trader

h) tax on certain goods

i) to come into force

Task 5.a) Give the Russian equivalents of the following:

b) Explain the meaning of the underlined expressions. See Conversational formulas.

-   the development of customs law;

-to initiate reforms;

-   ”On levying customs duties”;

-   to be based on previous legislation;

-to arrange customs procedures;

-to come into effect;

-   to predate ;

-powerful merchants;

-   to hand down;

-to keep out contraband;

-a public figure

Task 6. Complete  the  sentences.

1. The Russian tsar Alexei Mikhailovitch  initiated  customs reforms …

2. It was the first attempt …

3. He was sure that protectionist tariff …

4. It was based on previous legislation and …

5. He was one of the first to …

Task 7. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Correct the false statements.

1. The wordtamga meant a customs tax.

2. The Russian Customs Service appeared in the times of Mongol-Tatar  yoke.

3. In Kievan Rus, no taxeswere collected at the frontiers of individual princedoms.

4. Collecting duties was the only function of the Customs.

5. The first Russian Customs Statute was handed down in the XVII century.

6. The customs legislation has always been loyal to foreign traders.

7. The New Trade Statute of 1677 was worked out by D.I.Mendeleev.

Task 8. Answer the questions.

1. When did the wordtamozhnyaappear?

2. What did the wordtamgamean?

3. Who was given the right to collect duties?

4. How long has Russia had the Customs Service?

5. When was the first Russian Customs Statute  handed down?

6. Where were foreigners allowed to trade?

7. When were the main Russian state institutions formed?

8. What reform did Alexei Mikhailovitch initiate?

9. What was the New Trade Statute based on?

10. What was Commerce Board engaged in?

11. What did D.I.Mendeleev think about the protectionist tariff?

Task 9. a) Complete the text with suitable prepositions if necessary.

British Customs service can also boast _____ some famous people who worked for the customs.

The Poet Robert Burns (1759-1796) was an excise officer _____ 1789 _____ 1796.  Excise officers visited _____ local traders, calculated the amount of money due and issued vouchers stating the amount payable. It was hard work with daily rounds _____ foot or horseback. They worked full day or _____ shifts. Because of the high level of duty _____ spirits,  control _____ whisky and gin production was very important.

The excise collector made his rounds eight times _____ a year collecting duty ______ a wide area. They usually set up an office _____ an inn where tradesmen paid the duty. It was a dangerous job: _____ collectors were often attacked and robbed.

b)  Answer the questions:

1. What kind of work did Robert Burns do at the Customs?

2. Why did customs officers visit local traders?

3. Why was the control of whisky and gin production so important?

4. Where did excise collectors set up their offices?

5. Why was excise collectors’ job so dangerous?

Task 10. Translate from Russian into English.

1. Он работает посменно, не так ли?

2. Кто разрабатывал этот таможенный тариф?

3. Эта комиссия занимается вопросами внешней торговли и таможенного оформления.

4. Когда он был назначен начальником таможни?

5. Он много сделал для развития таможенного законодательства.

6. Протекционистский тариф стимулирует развитие промышленного производства.

7. Новый торговый устав ввел новые правила провоза товаров через границу.

8. Акцизный чиновник выписал квитанцию с указанием суммы, подлежащей оплате.

9. Если ты станешь таможенником, то будешь иметь дело  с таможенными платежами.

Text 2

Task 11.a)Look up the words in a dictionary.Read and translate the text.

reign

headquarters

to wage

schooner

coffin

HISTORY OF SMUGGLING IN THE UK

The history of smuggling dates back to the Middle Ages and reached its peak in the reign of James I. Smuggling was easy because the customs officers were unable to cope with it adequately as on land they were far too few, and at sea, their ships were slow and less easy to handle. In addition, many of smugglers worked in large armed bands.

With the passing time, methods of smuggling were changing, and the smugglers no longer relied on large armed ships fighting their way through, handing over their contraband to armed gangs. Instead they sank their valuable goods near the shore, when the danger threatened, and picked them up later, or stored them in caves. When contraband was landed, it had to be hidden until it could be disposed of. Many of the old inns were very convenient for it.

The White Horse Inn at Gorleston, Norfolk, was the headquarters of a smuggling gang. Riding officer Hacon was appointed to that area, and he went straight to the White Horse and announced that he was going to put down smuggling with a firm hand.

Captain Legatt waged fifty guineas that he would deliver 100kg of smuggled tobacco at the officer’s house without his knowledge within fourteen days. Hacon accepted the challenge and put on extra guards. There was much interest among the town people.

Several days passed and nothing happened. Ships came and went, but there was no sign of tobacco.

Once a little schooner came in. Three men came ashore in a boat. Only one of them spoke a little English and it seemed that a man on the ship was very ill. The next day a message was sent ashore that the man was dead. A funeral procession was formed because the dead man had wished to be buried there.

Meanwhile the fourteenth day was drawing to a close. People were beginning  to laugh at the smugglers. Then the Captain appeared and shook hands with Hacon.

“Well,” he said. “You owe me fifty guineas, I think.

The boot is on the other foot*”, said Hacon with a smile.

“I think you’ll find the tobacco ready for you at home”, said Legatt. “That poor dead sailor who wished to be buried here – well,   you  go home and have a look – and keep the coffin as a small present”, and he roared with laughter.

* как раз наоборот

b)Makeaglossary.Choose seven words to remember.

c) Answer the questions:

1. Why was smuggling easy at that time?

2. What difficulties did customs officers have?

3. What methods did smugglers use?

4. What arrangement was made between Officer Hacon and Captain Legatt?

5. How did Captain Legatt win fifty guineas?

*          *          *

Problem questions:

1. Have the methods of smuggling changed in any way since those times?

2. What modern methods of detecting contraband do you know?

Task 12.a) Complete the sentences with the following phrasal verbs:

to rely on          to cope with         to hand over        to pick up        to put down

1. This computer can __________ huge amount of data.

2. The violence was __________ by the police and the army.

3. Many people now __________ the Internet for news.

4. I’ll take my things to the Left Baggage Counter and _____ them _____ later.

5. The police officers were ordered to __________ their guns.

b) Make your own sentences with these phrasal verbs.

Task 13. a) Revise the grammar rules on Comparatives and Superlatives.

b) Copy out the adjectives from Text 2 and complete the table.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

easy

easier

the easiest

c)  Write   five sentences to compare the work of customs officers in the past and nowadays.

Vocabulary and Grammar

Task 14.  Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1. Customs tariff (to work out) in 1795 but it (to come) into effect only in 1800.

2. After the New Trade Statute (to sign), customs procedures (to establish).

3. Before he (to appoint) Head of St.Petersburg Customs House,  A.N.Radishev (to work) for Commerce Board.

4. G.R.Derzhavin (to work) at the Customs  tariff  for two years when  Paul I

(to decide) to abolish it.

5. He (to be sure) that protectionist policy (to stimulate) industrial production.

6. He (to work) for the Customs for 15 years. Then he (to retire).

7. While he (to collect) customs duties for 20 years, he (to attack) several times.

8. When he (to think over) the customs tariffs he (to come) to the conclusion that   it (to serve) the development of the country.

9. It (to be) clear that he (not to be able) to pay the amount of duty, that the excise officer (to state) in the voucher.

Task 15.a)Revise the grammar and put the words into the proper category:

baggage,   declaration form,   alcohol, work,   cargo,   equipment,   procedure,   tool,  currency,   job,   car,   employee,   ship,   reform,   ruble,   attempt,   public,   responsibility

MUCH   (- / ? )    A LOT OF ( + )

LITTLE / A LITTLE

MANY  ( + / - / ? )

FEW / A FEW

baggage

declaration form

b) Complete the text. Use  LITTLE / FEW / A LOT OF. Make necessary changes.

Nutrition information.

For those of you who watch what you eat. It’s a relief to know the truth after all those conflicting medical studies.

1. The Japanese eat very __________ fat and suffer __________ heart attacks than the British or Americans.

2. The Mexicans eat __________ fat and suffer __________ heart attacks than the British or Americans.

3. The Japanese drink very __________ red wine and suffer __________ heart attacks than the British or Americans.

4. The Italians drink __________ wine and suffer __________ heart attacks than the British or Americans.

5. The Germans drink __________ beer and eat __________ sausages and fats and suffer __________ heart attacks than the British or Americans.

CONCLUSION: Eat and drink what you like. Speaking English is apparently what kills you.

c) Ask questions using  MUCH / MANY,  FEW / LITTLE  and the following words:

1) tobacco /to carry

2) false passport / to confiscate

3) wine / to import

4) suitcase / to take

5) money / to spend

6)  traveler / to check

7)  alcohol / to sell

8)  bottles of perfume / to buy

9)  time / to wait

10) tax / to collect

11) dollars / to find

12) gold item / to conceal

Task 16.a) Read and translate the text.

When a Buick Le Sabre entered the customs control zone, a customs officer asked the driver routine questions. Since the driver was nervous, the officer selected him for an intensive inspection. Customs drug detector dog “Bo” alerted to the presence of narcotics. The officers searched the car and found 14 heroin-filled bundles. Special agents arrested the driver and he was accused of a failed smuggling attempt.

b) Study the table and ask 10 questions to the text:

Customs officers detained the traveler.

Customs officers detaineda traveler.

Whodetained the traveler?

– Customs officersdid.

Whodid customs officersdetain?

– A traveler.

The X-ray will reveal contraband.

The X-ray will revealcontraband.

Whatwill reveal contraband?

– The X-raywill.

Whatwill the X-rayreveal?

-Contraband.

c) Give the gist of the story.

Task 17. a) Read the introduction to the exercise.

Being a customs officer you will frequently deal with the public. Generally, the “public” we serve are passengers, traders, ship and aircraft crews, shipping agents, etc. These people will classify anything that you do or say to them as typical for the Customs Service. You have, therefore, to meet certain standards of behavior and appearance.

As far as behavior is concerned, the code known as “Seven C’s”, is worth bearing in mind.

b) Match left and right.

1. Command attention

C

a) Never be vague. The more clearly you formulate your questions, the more precise information you will get.

2. Courtesy

b)Remember that you are the first line of defense against smugglers and revenue offenders.

3. Control the situation

c) You should aim to be the person in charge of any situation.

4. Clear questions

d) In difficult situations remain as cool as possible. This often has positive effect on irate traders, angry passengers, etc.

5. Careful examination

e) Nobody knows it all: however, the combined knowledge and experience of a group of officers will usually provide an answer to most problems.

6. Consult colleagues

f) You will frequently be handling other people’s property. You are expected to act as efficiently as possible with due tact and respect for their effects.

7. Clean hands

g)The use of such words as “Sir” or “Madam” can often work wonders.

c) Write five provisions for the code of  behavior :  - for students;

                                                                                  - for teachers

                                                                                  - for travelers.

Task 18.a) Study the information in the table.

adjective

meaning

opposite

noun

EFFECTIVE

successful, working in the way that was planned

ineffective

effectiveness

EFFICIENT

working well without wasting time, money, or energy

inefficient

efficiency

b) Choose the right words from the table or their derivatives to complete the sentences.

1. Training is often less __________ than expected.

2. This new device is very __________ for screening

3. You have to find an __________ way to organize your work.

4. They argued about the __________ of a controlled delivery.

5. The government is working out __________ measures to cure unemployment.

6. Much will depend on the __________ of the stuff.

7. Students have to learn to communicate __________.

8. An _________ use of natural resources is the challenge of the XXI century.

Task 19.Make a written translation of the text and think about the title for it.

The custom of Customs comes from England and dates back to Anglo-Saxon times. Shortly after the Norman Conquest, when the French began filling England with their wine, kings decided they were entitled to five percent of whatever  wine came in. King Ethelred set up a collection post for ships sailing the Thames past King’s castle.

So, a national Customs Service was established in 1203 and a duty of 1/5 was charged on all imports and exports. All the delivered goods had to be landed  at approved ports, inspected and measured, so that the correct amount of duty could be fixed and collected. Luxuries like silk were taxed, but so were everyday necessities such as soap and tea.  The rates of duty were determined by the King. Import duties became a fact of life and since more articles had become liable to duty, the first known  Book  of  Rates was produced in England in 1507.

Speaking

Task 20.Speak about the history of  Russian Customs using the information below and some of the verbs from the box:

 to set up        to found        to adopt         to come into force        to approve

 to form        to sign       to celebrate       to publish      to establish      to hold

 to create       to become        to appear        to exist

1137      - First Customs House in Novgorod

1653      - First Trade Statute

1667      - First Customs Code

1928       - Customs Code of the USSR

1953       - First International Customs  Day  -  January 26

1991       - Decree “On the State Customs Committee of the Russian Federation”

1985       - October 25 - Russian Customs Officer’s Day

1993      - Decree of the President setting up the Russian Customs Academy

2010      - The customs union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

Task 21.Complete the sentences using the Infinitive:

  1. To work for the Customs is  to . . .
  2. When you work for the Customs it is important  to . . .
  3. Customs officers try to . . .

Task 22.Get ready to speak on the topic. Use the vocabulary ofthe unit.

Communication activities.

Task 23. Comment on the following:

“If we open a quarrel between the past and the present we shall find that we have lost the future.”(W.Churchill)

“History is philosophy learned from examples.”

(Dionysius)

Task24.   Say why  M. Lomonosov, D.Mendeleev, Y.Derzhavin, S.Vitte deserve to be mentioned in the book about the history of Russian Customs?

Task 25. Write down five words that best describe the history of Russian Customs. Compare your list with your partner’s words. Participate in the class discussion of the words.

Task 26. Matching. The teacher will give you articles and headlines from English language newspapers. Work in groups matching each headline to its story.

Task  27.  Complete the following proverbs and give their Russian equivalents.

  1. A friend in need _______________________.
  2. Actions ______________________words.
  3. _______________________ that ends well.
  4. As you make your bed __________________.
  5. East or West, __________________.
  6. __________________ before you leap.
  7. Make _______________ while the sun______.
  8. ________________ never come alone.
  9. Old _____________ are not be caught_______.
  10. Second thoughts are _____________________.
  11. Birds of feather ________________.

Use these proverbs in short situations of your own.

VOCABULARY

customs tax

таможеннаяпошлина

an official

официальноелицо

to collect

взимать,забирать

stamped seal

печатьна документе

statement

заявление

to predate

предшестовать

transportation of goods

перевозка грузов

frontier

граница

frontier towns

приграничные города

to purchase

приобретать

state

государство

merchant; merchandise

купец; товар

the Russian Customs Statute

Российский таможенный устав

on  pain of confiscation

под угрозой конфискации

to limit

ограничивать

foreign goods

иностранные товары

to defend

защищать

powerful administrative body

мощный административный орган

tocontribute

вносить вклад

state institutions

государственные учреждения

to develop customs laws

разрабатывать таможенное законодательство

to initiate

начать, инициировать

to issue the Decree

издать указ

Trade Statute

Торговый Устав

legislation

законодательство

Commerce Board

торгово-промышленная палата

to work out customs tariffs

разрабатывать таможенные тарифы

to come into effect

вступить в силу

a public figure

общественный деятель

to be in charge of

стоять во главе; быть ответственным за

to police

охранять, контролировать, патрулировать

modern

современный

multi-functioning

многофункциональный

functions

функции

UNIT3

CUSTOMS AREAS

Text 1

Task 1. Read and translate the text.

The customs areas include the following:

  1. Duty collection

The assessment andcollectionofduties andtaxes have always been one of the mainfunctions of the customs service. In fact, collection ofthe revenue is theresponsibility with which the customs usually started. Throughout its history the customshas suppliedthe federal budget withthe revenue necessary forinvestment in the economy and inthe country’s basic infrastructure, i.e. new schools, roads, hospitals.

  1. Classification

Merchandise classification isthe foundation on whichduty collection occurs. Allgoods entering the countryshould be classified by use of theestablished numerical coding system. Most countries are nowadopting theHarmonized System of Classificationwhich, in case ofuniform application, can help improvethe classification of goods andprevent losses ofduty collection.

3. Appraisement

Cargo shipments entering the country areto be supplied with the necessary documents, for example,commercial invoices,certificates of quality,certificatesof origin and others.The cargo declaration is a basis forgoodsvaluation andassessment of duty.Undervaluation can result inunderpayment ofduties.

4. Cargo and Passenger inspection

Effectivepassenger and baggage control is necessaryto collect properduty andto prevent smuggling.Baggageis  checked  forconcealmentbyX-ray or opening it.Cargo shipments areto be inspected forduty collection andanti-smuggling purposes. Variousinspectional techniques anddevices can helprelease merchandise quicker, with lessdamage and also result in increasedseizuresofprohibited items.

5. Smuggling information collection and statistics

Collection and analysis of information onsmuggling result in better understanding ofsmuggling trends and themodus operandi ofindividualsororganized crime gangsbreaking customs laws.

6. Investigation

Investigation ofcustoms violations is performedto target the moresophisticated violators ofcustoms laws andregulations. The full range ofcustoms violationscanbe investigated:the smuggling of merchandise, narcotics,arms and ammunition as well ascommercial fraud, currencyviolationsandmoney laundering,internal corruption, infringement of  trademark andintellectual property rights (IPR) etc.

7. Laboratory procedures

Laboratory tests are performed in orderto classify merchandise andcollect the correctamount of duty. The newHarmonized Systemof classification is much more dependent onlaboratory analyses than  most priorclassification systems because ofcomplex chemical composition of most goods.

Working on the text

Task  2. a) Mark the stress in the Russian words and compare it with the English words. Tick the pairs of words with different stressed syllables.

organizationорганизация

historyистория

federalфедеральный

budgetбюджет

economyэкономика

system                   система

effective                 эффективный

territory                 территория

importerимпортер

laboratoryлаборатория

b) Read  the English words again.

Task  3.  a) Look through the text and find synonyms to the following words:

  • goods
  • infringement
  • responsibility
  • usage
  • basis
  • to set free
  • confiscation
  • method

b)  Make sentences with these words.

Task  4.  a) Complete the table with the words from the text formed from the following verbs. Make the necessary changes.

assess,collect,  organize,  ship,   invest,  pay,  apply,  classify,  enforce, investigate,   develop,   inspect,   operate,   conceal,   regulate,   violate

-ment

-tion

assessment

collection

b)  Complete the sentences with the words from the table and translate them into Russian.

1. The goods are ready for __________.

2. A private detective was hired to conduct the __________.

3. __________ can be made by cheque or by credit card.

4. The government is introducing new import __________.

5. Correct __________ of goods is very important for duty __________.

6.  Nowadays much attention is paid to the __________ of the Customs Service infrastructure.

7. The __________ of scanners helps to speed up examination of goods.

8. The anti-terrorist __________ was carried out under the code name “Whirlpool”.

9. One of the main functions of the Customs is __________ of duties and taxes.

10. False bottom of a bag is often used as a place of __________.

Task 5. Answer the following questions:

  1. Where does the duty collected go?
  2. What is the reason for merchandise classification?
  3. Do all the countries have their own goods classification systems?
  4. What documents must accompany the cargo?
  5. Why is it necessary to inspect passengers and cargo?
  6. What can help to speed up the search and to make it more efficient?
  7. How can the customs statistics help in the fight against smuggling?
  8. What customs violations can you name?
  9. Why are some goods tested in customs laboratories?

Task 6. Say what you can remember about:

  • the main functions of the customs;
  • the ways to avoid underpayment of duties;
  • laboratory tests;
  • methods of detecting contraband;

-    customs violations.

Task 7. Translate the questions and answer them.

  1. Почему начисление и сбор таможенных пошлин всегда являлись одной из основных функций таможни?
  2. К каким последствиям могут привести ошибки, допущенные при классификации товара?
  3. Какой документ является основным для таможенной оценки?
  4. Какие задачи стоят перед таможней при досмотре пассажиров и грузов?
  5. Что помогает ускорить досмотр?
  6. Для чего нужен сбор статистических данных о правонарушениях?
  7. Какие  правонарушения расследуют таможенники?
  8. Почему необходимо проводить лабораторные анализы?
  9. В обязанности таможенников входит взимание таможенных пошлин, таможенный контроль и сбор статистических данных о ввозимых и вывозимых товарах.

Text 2

Task 8.Read the text and answer the questions.

CANINE ENFORCEMENT

Customs Services and other Law enforcement agencies around the world use canine teams (K-9) in everyday activities because dogs can sniff out narcotics and explosives and currency which machines cannot trace. Teams consisting of a dog and a handler are used to screen arriving aircraft, vessels, vehicles, cargo, baggage, mail, premises and people.

The Customs uses a wide variety of dogs. But as drug detector dogs are often on show in public areas (such as airport terminals) Customs Services prefer to choose the breeds of which people are not frightened. That is why in the UK they don’t use Alsatians or Rottweilers as these dogs are considered aggressive and threatening.  Mainly Labrador retrievers, Collies, German Shepherds, Spaniels, Pointers and mixed breeds are used for drug detection work.

The basis for the training is the dog’s natural instinct to hunt and retrieve and its desire to please its handler. Initially the dogs are encouraged to search for hidden training aids. Concealments are progressively made more difficult and the full range of drugs is introduced.

The handlers are trained to interpret the dog’s behavior or “indications” when they are confronted with the presence of drugs. If the handler fails to interpret these signals or indications there will be little success.

To the dog, finding drugs is fun. This is reflected in the dog’s behavior: it is highly active at work, and enjoys the reward or praise by its handler when it makes a find, but the dog is not allowed to feel that it is playing. To make a clear distinction between work and play, the working dog wears a special harness. When the handler puts the harness on the dog, the animal knows it is on duty.

*     *     *

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) K-9 officer working with his partner Rambo, seized more than 4 kilograms of opium at Chicago Foreign Mail Facility. While screening arriving international mail Rambo alerted to the  parcel, delivered from Laos, which  was manifested with the description “Traditional Tea”. The CBP officer opened the parcel to find 43 plastic bags containing the drug packed in dried leaves. The investigation is ongoing.

*     *     *

U.S. CBP officers seized 66.5 kg of marijuana after a Chevrolet pickup truck arrived at the port of entry from Mexico. During the search CBP officers used a fiberscope to peer into fuel tank and noticed anomalies in its appearance. CBP drug sniffing dog Dollar examined the vehicle and alerted his handler to the presence of narcotics. CBP officers continued their inspection by removing fuel tank. They dismantled the tank and discovered 5 sealed metal boxes with the drug. The driver, a 55-year-old US resident was arrested and now he faces federal prosecution on drug charges.

b) Make a glossary. Choose seven words to remember.

c) Answer the questions:

1. Why do K-9 teams work for the law enforcement agencies?

2. What concealed items can dogs detect?

3. What breeds are trained for anti-smuggling and anti-terrorist purposes?

4. What natural instinct of dogs is used during training and work?

5. What is essential for the successful work of a canine team?

6. Do dogs understand that they are working?

7. What did CBP dog Rambo help to discover?

8. How was the drug declared?

9.  Where did the parcel arrive from?

10. What device did CBP officers use to search the truck from Mexico?

11. What special skills were required to seize the drugs concealed in the fuel tank?

Vocabulary and Grammar

Task  9.Study the models. Translate the word combinations.

Models:  a)   cane sugarтростниковыйсахар

                   sugarcane – сахарный тростник

b)steelknife – стальной нож

steelmarket – рынок стали

steelprice – цены на сталь

steelstrike – забастовка сталелитейщиков

1.  law enforcement agency

2.drug detector dog

3.career prospects

4.merchandise classification system

5.cargo declaration form

6.smuggling information collection

7.crime gang

8.  customs hall

9. currency exchange rate

10. drug charges

11. world customs organization

12. oil production

Task 10. Work with the dictionary to find out the meanings of the words and translate the sentences.

to apply1) _______________

                  2) _______________

They planto apply to the Consul for visa.

To define the rate of tariff  weapply the goods classification system.

to clear  - 1) _______________

                2) _______________

Within minutes the policehad cleared the area.

The cargo was released from the Customs zone as soon as itwas cleared.

to process – 1) _______________

                    2) _______________

Your documentshaven’t been processed yet.

About a million workers are employedto process goods for that electronic firm.

to collect – 1) _______________

                  2) _______________

The companycollectsinformation about the new market trends.

Before you begin to make a speech, you shouldcollect your thoughts and ideas.

The Customscollects import duties on certain categories of goods.

to break – 1) _______________

                 2) _______________

Be careful with the camera. You maybreak it.

If youbreak the rules you will be punished.

The cameras catch the drivers whobreak speed limit.

He neverbreaks his word (promise).

Task 11.Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

1. Most officers (to wear) uniform and (to deal) with passengers.

2. Last year he (to work) in shifts and often overtime.

3. As soon as the customs officer (to process) the documents he (to start) clearing the cargo.(use Present, Past, Future Tenses)

4. Customs officers always (to use) a wide range of tools and technology.

5. We (to have) canine team inspection if we (to suspect) contraband in the container.(use Present, Future Tenses)

6. This work (to require) attention and concentration.(use Present, Past, Future Tenses)

7. He (to work) for the Customs for five years.

8. They (to examine) her luggage before you (to come).(use Past, Future Tenses)

9. By the time the cargo (to cross) the border the customs authorities (to process) all the documents.(use Present, Past, Future Tenses)

Task 12. Translate the sentences into English.

1. Сотрудники таможни только что досмотрели багаж этого пассажира.

2. Они закончили оформлять документы на груз к 14.00.

3. Если документы будут заполнены правильно, сотрудник таможни подпишет их и поставит дату.

4. Обычно сотрудники этого таможенного поста работают посменно.

5. Пока кинолог с собакой проверяли автомобиль, таможенник задавал вопросы водителю.

6. Как долго вы работаете в отделе по расследованию?

7. Завтра в 10 часов утра мы будем обсуждать новый законодательный акт.

8. Таможенники получили информацию о контрабанде до того, как груз прибыл на границу.

Task 13. a) Match left and right to make sentences.

1. At the Aeroflot breeding centre they

D

a) the world’s greatest sniffer dog.

2. Aeroflot claims it’s

b) work in temperatures as low

as  -70C, and jackals which enjoy the heat up to +40C.

3. They have spent years

c) to detect concealed narcotics, currency or explosives.

4. The dogs of that breed can

d) have developed a unique breed - a cross between a Siberian husky and a jackal.

5. They are perfect

e) customs examination process at the airports, seaports and other ports of entry.

6. The dogs are taught

f) perfecting the breed and now the dogs combine the qualities of Arctic reindeer herding dogs.

7. This helps to expedite

g) for our country.

b) Say what you have learned about the new breed.

c) Discuss the following:

1. In what countries can these dogs be used for work at the Customs?

2. For what other purposes can these dogs be used?

Task 14. a) Insert articles or possessive pronouns, if necessary.

TIPS FOR TRAVELERS

Once _____ travel plans are confirmed, check _____ expiration date of _____ passport.  It is also _____ good idea to make _____ photocopies of _____ data page.  Leave one copy with someone at _____ home and keep another one with you, separated from _____ passport.

If you lose _____ passport, promptly call _____ nearest embassy or consulate and _____ local police. Having _____ copy of _____ data page can speed replacement.

When shopping, keep _____ receipts for all of _____ purchases. Upon reentering _____ country, be ready to show _____ customs officials what you have bought. If you object to _____ way your clearance was handled, get _____ inspector’s badge number. If you feel _____ duty is incorrect, appeal _____ assessment.

b) Name three most important tips for travelers.

Task 15.Read and translate the text.

When it comes to dealing with customs officers, anywhere in the world, the Golden Rule has got to be: You can’t beat a professional at his own game.

Case in point. Returning to New York from a trip to Europe, a well-dressed, middle-aged woman on line in front of me put two bags on the counter and said. “Nothing to declare, officer.”

The inspector checked her passport and asked. “Where are you coming from?”

“Paris,” she told him.

He nodded. “No alcohol? No tobacco? No dairy products or meat? Have you bought anything for yourself or are you bringing in any gifts?”

“No,” she insisted. “None of those things. Nothing to declare.”

“Okay.” He pointed to her smaller case. “Would you open that one for me, please.

Now she started ts-tsking. “Officer, I know you are never going to believe me, but this morning when I was packing to leave the hotel I closed my bags not realizing that I had locked the keys inside. How silly of me. I’m sure it’s going to be a big problem when I get home because I’ll have to find a locksmith …”

The customs official wasn’t in the least fazed. “Not to worry.” He reached into a drawer and pulled out a huge steel ring with no less than six million keys dangling from it. “I’m sure we can help.”

That’s when the woman remembered the Dior dress and the Armani shoes and the Gucci purse and the Bruno Magli boots and the Valentino sweater and the Piaget watch.

No, you can’t beat a professional at his own game.

b) Make up 10 questions of all types to the text;

c) Give the gist of the story.

Task 16.a) Study the information in the table.

verb

meaning

KNOW

to have the facts or information in your mind

LEARN

to discover by hearing, reading

FIND OUT

to get information by study, inquiry, calculation

RECOGNIZE

to be able to identify sb/sth that one has seen, heard before

GET TO KNOW

to become familiar with sb/sth

b) Choose the right verb to complete the dialogue.

- Hello, Pete, delighted to see you.

- Hello, Paul. I haven’t seen you for ages. By the way, do you happen to

  __________ Victor?

- I do. We studied at the Russian Customs Academy together and I __________

 him very well there.

- I’ve just __________ he is back in Moscow again.

- Great! I think we should meet.

- Oh, it’s a good idea. I think it will be difficult _________ each other after

 all these years. I’ll phone him and __________ what day would be most

 convenient for us all.

  • Please, let me __________ after you __________ everything.
  • OK. See you later.

c) Use the words from the table to complete the sentences.

1. I just __________ that we are going to get new computers.

2. They (not) __________ me in the uniform.

3. You __________ how to use this tool?

4. Can you _________ why the flight has been cancelled?

5. I (not) __________ what channel I should choose.

6. We __________ about the changes in the timetable yesterday. There was a

    notice on the information panel.

7. He __________ a few people in the arrival lounge. They also came to greet

    the delegation.

8. The next day she __________ that she had passed the exam.

9. I’d like __________ how much I will have to pay for the excess.

Task 17.Find  as  many  words  from  the  topic  as  you  can.

T

R

A

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M

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W

F

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Task 18. Make a written translation of the text and think about the title for it.

The best tool for drug law enforcement is a trained, motivated and supported customs officer. The majority of the drugs seized resulted from the work of such officers. There are also, however, other tools and techniques available to supplement the officers’ work and knowledge. Among the most important of these is the principle of co-operation and exchange of information between different Customs services. This includes specific information co-operation on particular drug shipments and/or persons involved in the trade and more general material on concealments, routings, courier characteristics, etc.

This is where the World Customs Organization has a leading role to play since it provides a legal framework by which this activity can be carried out.

Speaking

Task 19.Complete the definitions:

1. An architectdesigns buildings.

2. A university lecturer ______________________________.

3. A vet ______________________________.

4. A designer ______________________________.

5. A lawyer _____________________________.

6. An engineer ______________________________.

7. A customs officer ______________________________.

8. A dog handler ______________________________.

9. A police officer ______________________________.

10. A border guard ______________________________.

11. A president ______________________________.

12. A smuggler  ______________________________.

Task 20. Say if it is true or false.

  1. The assessment of import duties and taxes is the least important function in every customs organization.
  2. Cargo shipments entering the country are to be supplied with supporting documents excluding commercial invoices.
  3. Cargo shipments are inspected for duty collection only.
  4. Specially trained drug-detector dogs are sometimes more effective than traditional methods of detecting contraband.
  5. The most common customs violations are: duty, tax and penalty.

6. Laboratory analyses are performed in order to prevent currency violation.

Task 21.Get ready todiscuss the following questions with your partners.

1. Are all the Customs areas equally important?

2. Which customs area would you like to be involved in? Why?

3. Will the functions of the Customs be the same in 50 years time?

Task 22.Get ready to speak on the topic. Use the vocabulary of the unit.

Communication activities.

Task 23. Complete the dialogue and reproduce it with your partner.

C.O.  - Will you show your belongings, please.

P.._   -_____________________________

C.O.  - How many pieces do you have?

P.._   -_____________________________

C.O.  - Do you have anything to declare?

P.._  -______________________________

C.O. - This quantity is not liable to duty and what do you have in your suitcase?

P.._  -_____________________________

C.O.  - Thank you. That’s all .

P.._  -_____________________________

Task 24.Role-play.  You are at the conference devoted to Customs areas. One student is the chairman and he holds the conference. Other students represent heads of different departments of customs service (according to text I, Unit 3). They should present the work of their department (2-3 min) and answer the questions of the chairman and other Customs representatives. (Questions should be prepared beforehand).

Task 25.Make up situations illustrating the following proverbs and sayings.

  1. Actions speak louder than words.
  2. One is never too old to learn.
  3. East or West home is best.
  4. Experience is the mother of wisdom.
  5. One man, no man.

VOCABULARY

to assess; assessment

оценивать,начислять;оценка,начисление

responsibility

ответственность;обязанность

to invest; investment

инвестировать; инвестиция

merchandise classification

классификация товаров

foundation

основание

Harmonized System of Classification

Гармонизированная система классификации товаров

to prevent losses

предотвращать потери

cargo shipment

партия товара

commercial invoice

коммерческий счет-фактура

Certificate of Quality

сертификат качества

Certificates of Origin

сертификат происхождения

goods valuation

определение стоимости товара

undervaluation

занижение стоимости

to conceal; concealment

сокрыть; сокрытие

device

устройство

to release merchandise

выпускать товар после таможенного контроля и оформления

to damage; damage

повреждать, наносить ущерб; повреждение, ущерб

to prohibit; prohibited

запрещать; запрещенный

modus operandi

образ действия(лат.)

sophisticated

зд. изощрённый

to violate; violator

нарушать, нарушитель

commercial fraud

мошенничество в торговле

money laundering

отмывание денег

internal corruption

внутриведомственная коррупция

infringement of  trademark

нарушение права собственности натоварный знак

intellectual property rights

право на интеллектуальную собственность

complex chemical composition

сложный химический состав

UNIT 4

PASSENGER CONTROL

PRE-FLIGHT FORMALITIES AT THE AIRPORT

Text 1

Task 1. Read and translate the text.

The passenger shouldarrive at the airport two hours beforethe take offtime.First, he hasto check-in for the flightat the check-in-counter. He shows his passport andtickettothe airline agent and puts his suitcases onthe scales. If the passenger’s baggageexceeds Free Baggage Allowance, he has to pay forthe excess. The passengerhands over his baggage and gets hisbaggage claim receipts anda boarding pass withthe seat number written on it. The suitcasesarelabeled andsent offto be loaded intothe hold of an airplane.

Next, the passengergoes throughthe security check where hiscarry-on luggageis screened.

Passing through the Customs control the passenger can choose betweenthe Red and Green Channels. The passenger who goes through the Red Channelfills inthe declaration form and states prohibited, restricted and dutiablearticles that he is carrying. Hepresents his declaration form to the customs officer. The customs officer looks it through and asks questions aboutthe contents of the passenger’s baggage. The passenger putspersonal belongings into theX-ray machine andsteps through metal-detector. The passenger mustunpackand open his baggage and present anyitem forinspection, if necessary. If a person exceedsDuty and Tax Free Allowance(the fixed quota) he/she will haveto pay the dutyfor the excess. If everything is alright, the customs officerstamps the declaration form andgives itback to the passenger.

After that, the passenger must pass throughpassport control andpresent hispassportandvisa to border guards.

Then he goes tothe departure lounge to wait for hisflight call. While waiting, the passenger can visitthe Duty-Free Shop which sells spirits, tobacco, perfume and gifts.

Finally, the passenger goes throughthe flight gates andboardsthe plane.

Working on the text

Task 2. How many international words can you find in the text?

a) 5        b) 10        c) 15        d) 20        e) 25         f) 30

Task 3. a) Mark the stress in the Russian words and compare it with the English words. Tick the pairs of words with different stressed syllables.

passportпаспорт

agentагент

machineмашина

perfumeпарфюмерия

visitвизит

cigaretteBrEсигарета

cigaretteAmEсигарета

tobaccoтабак

airportаэропорт

b) Read the English words again.

Task 4.Find in the text the English equivalents of the following;

приехать в аэропорт; зарегистрироваться на рейс; ручная кладь; излишек багажа; посадочный талон; стойка регистрации;  время вылета; багажные квитанции; объявление о посадке;  сдать багаж;  магазин беспошлинной торговли;  выход на посадку;  содержимое багажа; норма беспошлинного провоза багажа; поставить штамп; запрещенные, ограниченные, облагаемые пошлиной товары

Task 5.  Complete the table with the words from the text.

people

places

documents

passenger

airport

passport

Task 6.  Look through the text and find synonyms to the following words:

  • to show
  • to come
  • baggage
  • to control
  • a present
  • to mark
  • to return
  • to register
  • to declare

Task 7.Look through the text and find antonyms to the following words:

  • to answer
  • forbidden
  • out of
  • to buy
  • to pack
  • to leave
  • duty free
  • arrival lounge

Task 8.  Make as many  word combinations as possible with the following verbs and translate them:

a)  to present ___________

b)  to go through __________

c)  to put __________

d)  to get __________

e)  to fill in __________

f)  to state __________

g)  to pay ___________

h) to check __________

Task 9.  a) Insert preposition, if necessary.

b) Explain the meaning of  the  expressionsin italics.

  •  to arrive _____ the airport
  •  to check _____ _____ the flight
  •  to visit _____Duty Free Shop
  •  to put the baggage _____ the scales
  •  to put the baggage _____ the X-ray machine
  •  to pay _____ the excess luggage
  •  to stamp _____the declaration form
  •  to pass _____ customs control

-     to answer _____ questions

-to choose _____ the Red and Green Channels

-     to fill _____ the declaration form

-     to present luggage _____ inspection

-     to wait _____ the flight call

-     to board _____ the plane

Task 10. Find the verbs describing the passenger’s actions and put them in the chronological order.

The passenger:

  • ARRIVES at the airport;
  • CHECKS IN for the flight;

       . . . . . . . . . . . .

-    BOARDS the plane.

Task 11. Answer the questions:

1. When should the passengers arrive at the airport?

2. What do the passengers do after they have arrived at the airport?

3. What documents do the passengers get at the check-in counter?

4. What must passengers do if they go through the Red Channel?

5. What do passengers state in the declaration form?

6. How do customs officers control passengers and their baggage?

7. What are the passenger’s responsibilities during customs inspection?

8. In what case do passengers have to pay the duty?

9. Do passengers complete any other formalities after customs control?

10. What do passengers do at the departure lounge?

11. What does the duty Free Shop sell?

12. Where do passengers go when they hear the flight call?

Task 12. Translate the sentences from Russian into English:

  1. Мы приехали в аэропорт за три часа до вылета, и у нас было достаточно времени, чтобы выполнить все формальности.
  2. Я бы хотел зарегистрироваться на рейсAS 2705 до Лондона.
  3. Пассажир был удивлен, когда узнал, что его багаж превысил норму бесплатного провоза, и ему необходимо заплатить за излишек.
  4. Подожди, я не могу найти посадочный талон и багажные квитанции. Наверное, я забыла их на стойке регистрации.
  5. Если вы не везете запрещенные, ограниченные к ввозу/вывозу или облагаемые пошлиной товары, можете пройти через зеленый канал.
  6. Когда пассажир заполнил декларацию и предъявил ее таможеннику, офицер задал ему несколько вопросов о содержимом  багажа.
  7. После того, как я поставил свою ручную кладь в рентген-аппарат, таможенник попросил меня распаковать ее и предъявить для досмотра мою видеокамеру.
  8. Какие документы вы предъявляли, когда проходили через паспортный контроль?
  9. Как долго вы ждали приглашения на посадку?
  10. Каждый раз, когда я еду за границу, я посещаю магазин беспошлинной торговли и покупаю там сувениры для друзей.
  11. Пора садиться в самолет. Какой номер нашего выхода на посадку?

Text 2

Task 13.a) Read and translate the text.

AIRPORT FACILITIES

A modern airport has three main types of facilities. One is for passengers, one for airplanes on the ground, and one for planes that are taking off or landing.

The busiest and perhaps the most interesting airport building is the terminal building. People make flight reservations and buy tickets at ticket counters. Flight information boards, which can be television screens or electronic signs, display information about arriving and departing flights.

After the passenger service agents take passenger’s baggage, it moves on a conveyor belt to the baggage make-up room. There, the luggage for each flight is sorted and placed in containers or on carts to be loaded on the proper airplane.

Modern airport terminals resemble shopping malls. They have waiting lounges, restaurants, snack bars, gift shops, newsstands, game rooms, bookstores, boutiques, banks and even hotels.

Besides, amenities include Left Baggage Counter, Lost and Found, the Nursery, Public Health and toilet facilities.

Among the facilities for airplanes on the ground are loading bridges connected to the terminal building, maintenance shops,  in-flight food kitchens and a fueling system. Workers clean the cabin, put food and pump drinking water aboard. There is a special airline’s operation area in the terminal building where the crew examines weather reports and determines the fastest and safest route for each flight.

Facilities that serve airplanes during take off and landing include runways, taxiways, parking ramps, and air traffic control tower. Traffic controllers in the tower regulate air traffic at and near the airport. Radar and approach lights assist planes in taking off and landing.

b) Make a glossary. Choose seven words to remember.

c) Speak about 1) the amenities for passengers;

                        2) the facilities for planes;

                        3) the people who work at the airport.

Vocabulary and Grammar

Task 14.Complete the sentences with the correct form of these phrasal verbs.

pass through        give back       check in for        fill in       step through

take off         move on        hand over        look through         go on

1) They arrived at the airport late and saw their plane ____________.

2) When you ____________ your flight you ____________ your baggage except carry-on luggage.

3) When I ____________ security check I had to ____________ the metal detector.

4)  I ____________ the declaration form and presented it to the customs officer.

5) He ____________ working in shifts at the passenger control until he ____________ to the investigation department.

6) The customs official asked me a few questions about the contents of my baggage, stamped the declaration form and ______ it ______ to me.

Task 15. Find the word that doesn’t fit the group and explain why. See Conversational Formulas.

1) arrive – leave – come – reach – approach

2) passport – ticket – receipt – boarding pass – seat number

3) flight attendant – customs officer – policeman – border guard

4) plane – train – bus –bike – taxi

5) gift – souvenir – present – bribe

Task 16.Match left and right and translate the sentences:

1. The assessment and collection

of duties and taxes have always been

E

a) to classify merchandise and collect the duty.

2. Laboratory analyses are performed in order

b) to collect proper duty and to prevent smuggling.

3. This cargo document is

c) to target the more sophisticated violators of customs laws and regulations.

4. Effective passenger and baggage control is necessary

d) improper  amounts of duty to be collected.

5. Investigation of customs violations is performed

e) one of the main functions of customs organizations.

6. Errors in merchandise classification often result in

f) basis for goods valuation.

Task 17.a) Study the table.

word

meaning

example

ONE

the number

One man, no man.

someone or something of a type that has already been mentioned

The students who do best in exams are not alwaysthe ones with the best brains.

people in general

One doesn’t often get the chance to talk to a President.

b) Translate the text.

The problem of drug abuse is an international one. I  t destroys individuals and communities. There are two very important elements in the fight against drugs. One is the reduction of demand and the other is the reduction of supply. It is the reduction of supply which is the aim of law enforcement agencies around the world. One of their principal aims is to encourage international cooperation.

c) What does the word “ONE” refer to in the text?

Task 18.Work with the dictionary to find out the meanings of the words.

duty –1) _______________

           2) _______________

It’s ourduty to inform the passengers about the changes in the law.

When you bring alcohol or cigarettes above the fixed quotas into a country, you have to paythe duty.

free –  1) _______________

          2) _______________

He was found not guilty and walkedfree from the court.

If something isfree from tax, you don’t have to pay tax on it.

stamp1) _______________

             2) _______________

The passenger was taking out a big collection ofstamps.

The official put his personalstampon the documents when he accepted it for clearance.

drug1) _______________

            2) _______________

The bigdrug companies make huge profits.

Parents should talk openly to their children about the dangers ofdrug abuse.

The team was banned from the Olympics after failing adrug test.

Task 19.Read and complete the text.

TOP AIR TRAVEL TIPS

Safety and security are the top priority for all airlines, and flying is the safest way to travel. Each year the world’s air travelers make 1.5 billion journeys and on average there are only 50 fatal accidents. But there are lots of things which you can do (1) _______ your journey safer and more enjoyable.

Pack your suitcase or rucksack yourself and never offer (2) ______ a packet for someone else.

Make sure you check in early. Most airlines say you (3) ______ to check in at least one hour before a short flight and two hours before intercontinental flights. However, security checks and baggage X-ray scans can (4) ______ a long time and you don’t want (5)______ your flight, so allow an extra half-hour.

Remember that you (6) ______ have sharp things like scissors or knives in your hand baggage.

On the plane you (7) ______ stay in your seat all the time. It’s good to walk around and stretch your legs.

You (8) ______ wear a seat belt for take-off and landing, but it’s a good idea to keep it on all the time you are in your seat.

You (9) ______ listen carefully to the safety instructions so that if there (10) ______ an accident, you know how to get out of the plane quickly.

A

B

C

1

make

making

to make

2

take

taking

to take

3

have

must

can

4

be

take

make

5

miss

to miss

missing

6

don’t have to

can’t have to

mustn’t

7

have to

don’t have to

         mustn’t

8

must

have

   can

9

don’t have to

can

  must

10

be

is

was

Task 20.a)Put the verbs in brackets into the correct Active or Passive form.

The daft musician

Have you ever __________ (wake up) by the sound of music? When a house in Holland __________ (break into) recently, the burglar couldn’t resist playing the piano!  Unfortunately for the thief, the owner of the house __________ (disturb) by the music and the police __________ (call) immediately.

Beware of the parrot!

In a recent theft, a bad-tempered parrot (to leave) English police a vital clue. The bird, which __________(name) Mickey, (to disappear) from a pet shop. Later  the  police (to find) a trail of blood, which (to allow) them to make a DNA match to the suspect. The thief __________ (to identify) because he __________ (to bite) by the parrot.

Video evidence

On Sunday, John Smith’s mobile phone, iPod and video camera  __________  (to steal)  by  thieves who  (to drive)  away in his car.  Mr.Smith  (to chase) the thieves who (to crash) his car and (to escape) on foot. Unluckily for the thieves, the video camera was on, and they __________ (to film). They__________ (to identify) easily and by Thursday evening they __________ (to catch).

Cat Dodgers

Three cat burglars __________ (to think) that they __________ (to have) a good idea – to climb down a chimney to get into a clothing store. The trouble __________(to be), the fireplace __________(to brick) up. One of them __________(to get stuck) at the bottom of a 15 feet shaft. The others had to wave from the rooftop until they _________(to catch) the eye of a passing policeman.  Firemen __________ (to break down) the fireplace at the store to help the man out.

b) Discuss the following:

1. Which of these criminals do you think was the most stupid?

2. Do you know any other funny stories or jokes about criminals?

Task 21.a) Unscramble these words.

IOSGGBNNLE - _______________

TTEEIRDSCR - _______________

DOIPEHTRBI - _______________

b) Use all three words to make a sentence of your own.

Task 22. Make a written translation of the text and think about the title for it.

The illicit drug trade is truly international, spanning the globe. Drug traffickers are not confined by national boundaries; they transport their goods through many countries and often market their wares in several nations.

To be effective in combating this trade, an individual customs service cannot stand alone. It must work with other agencies, both nationally and internationally to share information and intelligence on all aspects of the drug trade to improve their capability to target suspect passengers or cargo. This includes general information on such topics as the routings, concealment methods and modus operandi as well as more precise information on specific smuggling activities where individuals or organizations are being targeted.

Speaking

Task 23.Discuss the questions:

1. Why ispassengers’ baggage searched?

2. What questions do customs officers ask passengers before inspecting their   baggage and why?

3. What can help customs officers perform their work more efficiently?

Task 24. Get ready to speak on the topic.  Use the vocabulary of the unit.

Communication activities.

Task 25. Role-play. The students play the roles of passengers who want to fly to some of the following destinations. Choose your destination and then ask for details of your flight: find out when it departs, when you have to check in, when boarding starts and so on.

Aberdeen

Birmingham

Dublin

Frankfurt

Isle of Man

London Gatwick

New York

Rotterdam

Toronto

Amsterdam

Brussels

Geneva

Jersey

Madrid

Oslo

Singapore

Zurich

Chicago

Dusseldorf

Glasgow

Larnaca

Milan

Paphos

Southampton

Belfast

Copenhagen

Edinburgh

Munich

Paris

Tenerife

One of the students plays the role of a person on duty at the Information desk at Manchester Airport one Friday morning in April. Help the people who enquire about the flights shown on this time-table:

Task 26.Complete the dialogue and reproduce it with your partner.

Agent: - Good morning, sir. Your ticket and your passport, please.

Passenger: -_____________________________

A.  - That’s fine. Will you put luggage on the scales, please.

P.   -_____________________________________

A.  - 20 kilos. It’s OK.

P.   -_____________________________________

A.  - They are with you ticket, sir. And this is your boarding pass.

P.   -_____________________________________

A.  - You are welcome and have a good flight.

Task 27.Write down five words that come to your mind when you hear the words “Passenger control”. Compare your list with your partners. Report to the class on the five words you picked and give reasons for your choice.

Task 28.  Role play. Group work. One student role plays an airline check-in clerk. The others form a line to check in. The line of people talk among themselves. One is late, another one has six suitcases,  another one asks someone to carry a package through for him/her. The teacher assigns countries or cities of destination.

Task 29. Make a list of objects which would not pass a security check. Then role play a security officer and a group of passengers going through a detector. The officer asks questions about the objects, e.g.: “May I see the contents of your pockets?”,  “What’s in your bag?” ,  “ May I see it?”,  etc.

VOCABULARY

to arrive    (in the USA/at the airport)

приехать,прибыть

to take off

взлететь,вылететь

take off time

времявылета

flight

рейс

to check in

зарегистрироваться

check-in counter

стойка регистрации

ticket

билет

scales(pl)

весы

to exceed; excess

превышать; излишек

Free Baggage Allowance

норма провоза бесплатного багажа

Duty and Tax Free Allowance

норма провоза беспошлинного багажа

the fixed quota

установленная квота

to hand over

сдавать

baggage claim receipts

багажные квитанции

boarding pass

посадочный талон

to load / unload

(по)грузить / разгрузить

the hold of an airplane

грузовой отсек самолета

to go/pass through

проходить через

security check

проверка на безопасность

carry-on/hand luggage

ручная кладь

to screen

проверять, просвечивать, сканировать

to fill in

заполнять

prohibited

запрещенный

restricted

ограниченный

dutiable / liable to duty

облагаемый пошлиной; подлежащий обложению пошлиной

articles / items

предметы / вещи

to present

предъявлять

to contain; contents; container

содержать; содержимое; контейнер

to inspect

досматривать, проверять

to stamp

ставить штамп

arrival lounge / departure lounge

зал прилета / зал вылета

flight call

объявление о посадке

Duty Free Shop

магазин беспошлинной торговли

flight gates

выход на посадку

to board

подняться на борт

belongings

вещи

UNIT 5

THE PROCEDURE FOR INDIVIDUALS TO MOVE GOODS ACROSS THE CUSTOMS BORDER OF THEСUSTOMS UNION

Text 1

Task 1.Read and translate the text.

In accordance withthe provisions of the Customs Code of the Customs Unionindividualscan carryin accompanied and non-accompanied luggage goods intended forpersonal, family, domesticand otherneeds not connected withcommercial activity.

If you travel by air andthe value of imported goods doesn’texceed €10,000 and/orthetotal weight doesn’t exceed 50 kg, the goodsare exempt from customs duties. If youcross the border by road,the allowance is €1,500.

In casethe value of the goods exceeds €10,000 and/orthe  total  weight exceeds 50 kg,aunified rate of customsdutyis applied tothe amount of the excess.A unifiedrate of duty is 30 % (per cent) ofthe customs valueof the goods but not less than 4 euro per kilogram.

In casethe value of the goods exceeds 650 000 rubles and/orthe totalweight exceeds200 kg,an aggregate customs paymentis levied onthe amountof the excess.

The rates of customs duties onimported transport means depend on theirvalue, the date of manufacture and the engine volume.

A full exemption from customs duties and taxesis granted forcultural valuables on condition that theyare declared andhave undergone the specialregistrationenvisaged by the legislation.

Customs duties are not paid oninternational postal items ifthe value of suchgoodssentin the course of one week to one recipientdoesn’t exceed 10,000 rubles.

Governmentestablishes quantitative limitson certain categories of goods.Individuals over 18 years old cancarry across the border free of duty 3 liters of alcohol, 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars, 250 g of tobacco, 250 g of caviar.  Individuals are allowed to take out from the country the sum of currency equal to $10,000 per person.

Goodsprohibitedforbringing into the country are:weapons of all kinds,ammunitionandexplosives,drugsandpsychotropic substances.

Goodsprohibited fortaking out of the country are:articles ofartistic,historical andcultural value.

Working on the text

Task 2. a) Mark the stress in the English words and compare it with the Russian words. Tick the pairs of words with different stressed syllables.

individualиндивидуальный

company             компания

personal              персональный

commercial         коммерческий

manufacture        мануфактура

registration          регистрация

international        интернациональный

limit                     лимит

competentкомпетентный

detailsдетали

b) Read the English words again.

Task 3.  Cross out silent letters in the following words and practice their reading:

foreign,   flight,   receipt,    queue,   write,    know,  weigh / weight, through,   which,   when,   why,   where,   what,   right,    answer,   guard,    sign,    antique,    psychology,    prohibition,   cheque,     walk,     talk,   technique

Task 4.Find in  the text the English equivalents of the following:

таможенный кодекс; физическое лицо; сопровождаемый багаж; ввозимые товары; личные нужды; коммерческая деятельность; предназначение; общий вес;  характер и количество; транспортное средство; дата производства; объем двигателя;  культурные ценности;  международные почтовые отправления;  количественные ограничения

Task 5.Insert prepositions, if necessary, and translate the following:

1.  _____ accordance _____ the Customs Code

2.  goods intended _____ personal, family, domestic and other needs

3.  the goods are exempt _____ duty

4.  the intended purpose is determined _____ Customs authorities

5.  to carry goods _____ the customs border

6.  the rate of duty depends _____ the value of the goods

7.  the date _____ manufacture

8.  the goods are free of duty _____ condition that …

9.  to pay the duty _____ international postal items

10.  _____ the course _____ one week

11.  to travel _____ air

Task 6. Find words in the text which define the following nouns:

- luggage  -  (non)accompanied

- needs

- activities

- weight

- rate of duty

- customs payment

- valuables

    - limits

Task 7. What do these numbers in the text refer to?

€10,000;    50 kg;     30%;     €4 ;    650,000 rubles;    200 kg;    1 recipient

Task 8. Answer the questions:

  1. What goods can individuals carry across the customs border of the Russian Federation?
  2. How do Customs authorities determine the purpose of the goods?
  3. Can any goods be imported by the individuals exempt from duty?
  4. In what case must an individual pay the unified rate of duties?
  5. How much is a unified rate of customs duties?
  6. In what case is an aggregate customs payment levied?
  7. What do customs duties on transport means depend on?
  8. Are cultural valuables liable to duty?
  9. What are the regulations in respect of international postal items?
  10. Are there any restrictions in respect of certain categories of goods?
  11. What goods are prohibited entry by law?

Task 9. Translate the sentences from Russian into English:

  1. Вы можете провезти беспошлинно только товары, предназначенные для личных, семейных, домашних или иных нужд, не связанных с предпринимательской деятельностью.
  2. Таможенникам важно определить истинное предназначение ввозимых товаров.
  3. Я не платил пошлину, так как общая стоимость моего багажа не превысила 10 000 евро, а общий вес не превысил 50 кг.
  4. Таможенники применяют единую ставку пошлин, если общая стоимость ввозимых товаров не превышает 650 000 рублей, а общий вес не превышает 200 кг.
  5. Если  общая стоимость ввозимых товаров превышает 650 000 рублей, а общий вес превышает 200 кг, товары облагаются совокупным таможенным платежом в части такого превышения.
  6. Ставка пошлины на ввозимые автотранспортные средства зависит от их стоимости, даты выпуска и  объема двигателя.
  7. Физические лица могут вывозить культурные ценности, которые должны быть задекларированы и зарегистрированы в соответствии с законодательством РФ.
  8. Международные почтовые отправления стоимостью менее 10 000 рублей, посланные в течение одной недели в адрес одного получателя, освобождаются от уплаты таможенных пошлин.
  9. Физические лица старше 18 лет могут ввозить алкогольные напитки – 3 литра, табачные изделия – 200 сигарет,  50 сигар,  250 г табака,

250гчернойикры.

Text 2

Task 10.a)Read and translate the text.

(from “Airport” by A.Hailey)

U.S. Customs inspector Harry Standish was trying to clear up a tiresome problem. Most of the passengers, who arrived aboard a Scandinavian airline DC-8 from Copenhagen, had cleared customs and had left. Only this well-dressed American woman posed a problem insisting that all she had bought in Europe was some perfume, costume jewelry, and shoes. The total declared value was ninety dollars – ten dollars less than the free exemption she was allowed.

“Madam”, he said quietly to the woman, whose several suitcases were spread open on the Customs inspection table between them, “are you quite sure you don’t wish to change your story?”

She snapped back, “I suppose you’re suggesting I should lie, when I’ve already told the truth. Really! – you people are so officious, so disbelieving.”

Harry Standish ignored the second remark, as customs officers were trained to ignore the many insults they received, and answered politely, “I’m not suggesting anything, madam. I merely asked if you wished to amend your statement about these items – the dresses, the sweaters, and the fur coat.”

The woman, whose American passport showed that she was Mrs. Harriet Du Barry Mossman, had just returned from a month in England, France, and Denmark, replied acidly, “No, I don’t. Furthermore, when my husband’s lawyer hears of that interrogation …”

“Yes, madam”, Harry Standish said. “In this case, I wonder if you would mind signing this form. If you like, I’ll explain it to you.”

“Why should I sign anything”, Mrs. Mossman demanded.

“To make things easier for yourself, madam. We’re merely asking you to confirm in writing what you’ve already told us. You say the dresses were purchased …”

“How many times must I tell you? They were bought in Chicago and New York before I left for Europe; so were the sweaters. The coat was a gift – purchased in the United States. I received it six month ago.”

Why, Harry Standish wondered, did people do it? All the statements just made, he knew with certainty, were lies.

To begin with, the dresses – six, all of good quality – had had their labels removed. No one did that innocently, women were usually proud of the labels in quality clothes. More to the point, the workmanship of the dresses was unmistakably French; so was the styling of the fur coat – though a Saks Fifth Avenue label had been sewn unskillfully in the coat lining. What people like Mrs. Mossman failed to realize was that a trained customs man didn’t need to see labels to know where garments originated. Cutting, stitching – even the way a zipper was put in – were like familiar handwriting, and equally distinctive. All this, and much else, customs officers learned as part of their training.

Mrs. Mossman asked, “What will happen if I sign the form?”

“Then you may go, madam.”

“And take my things with me? All my things?”

“Yes.”

“Supposing, I refuse to sign?”

“Then we shall be obliged to detain you here while we continue the investigation.”

There was the briefest hesitation, then “Very well. You fill out the form, I’ll sign.”

“No, madam, you fill it out. Now, please describe the items, and alongside where you say they were obtained. Please give the name of the stores also from whom you received the fur coat as a gift.”

He waited while Mrs. Mossman completed the form and signed it. Commencing tomorrow, an investigation officer would begin checking out the statement Mrs. Mossman had just made. The garments would be requisitioned and taken to the stores where she claimed they were purchased.

Mrs. Mossman – though she didn’t know it yet – was in for a great deal of trouble, including some heavy duty to be paid, and also a stiff fine.

b) Make a glossary. Choose seven words to remember.

Task11.  Find the words and phrases  in the text that describe Harry Standish andMrs. Mossman.

Harry Standish

Mrs. Mossman

spoke quietly,

well-dressed,

Task 12. Answer the questions:

1. What was Mrs. Mossman carrying?

2. Why did she present a problem to the Customs?

3. Where did she come from?

4. What document was Mrs. Mossman asked to sign?

5. Why did she claim all the things were personal belongings?

6. How much is the duty free allowance in the US?

7. Why did Mrs. Mossman change the labels on the fur coat?

8. What information did she state in the form?

9. What trouble could the statement bring to her?

Task 13. Say what you can remember about:

1. Mrs. Mossman’s story about the things she brought in.

2. The tricks she used not to pay the duty.

3. The way customs officers are trained.

4. The code of behavior of customs officers.

Task 14. Discuss the following questions:

1. Why were Mrs. Mossman’s things detained?

2. Why do customs officers have to be good judges of character?

3. What do you think the rates of duty depend on?

4. Should the authorities introduce restrictions for imported goods? Why?

Vocabulary and Grammar

Task 15. a) Study the patterns and say the following numbers in English:

1/2    -a half

13/4- one andthree quarters

2/5 -two fifth

1.25   - onepointtwo five

0.7     -nought point seven

6.02   -  six pointohtwo

$1.2M-onepoint twomilliondollars

£200K - two hundredthousandpounds

b) Say the numbers in English:

1)421,389

2)  31/3

3)  7/8

4)  10,037

5)  2,745

6)  0.53

7)  1732 – 1805

8)  19.03.2012

9)  1,900

10)  602 8433 (phone  number)

11) $20.7M

12) £850K

c) Study the following expressions with numbers. Speak about the situations when people use them?

- It’s all one to me.

- You look like a million dollars.

- I have a thousand and one things to do.

- When three know it, all know it.

-When angry, count a hundred.

Task 16.a) Study the information in the table.

word

meaning

can be combined with

PRICE

the amount of money for which smth is bought, sold or offered

high/low

go up/increase/rise

go down/fall/drop

COST

the amount of money that you have to pay in order to buy, do or produce smth

high/low/full/total

/extra/additional

VALUE

the amount of money that smth is worth

high/low

go up/increase/rise

go down/fall/drop

to be WORTH

to have a value in money

b) Choose the right verb.

1. People are prepared to pay high __________ for designer clothes.

2. Your insurance covers the _________ of repairing the damage.

3. The police seized drugs with a street __________ of $2.5m.

4. They have cut the __________ of their products by 30%.

5. It is a rather old car so I don’t think it is __________ anything.

6. Redecoration doubled the __________ of the house.

7. One of the stolen pictures is __________ £50,000.

8. They are selling two bottles of wine for the __________ of one.

9. We offered to pay the __________ of a taxi.

Task 17.Read and translate the text.

Some time ago a jazz drummer on tour in Japan knew exactly how to get his new mini television set through the Customs without paying duty. He wrapped it in his laundry, stuffed it inside a snare drum, and deposited the lot in the drum case. Arriving in San Francisco the drummer announced that he was just in from Tokyo but had nothing to declare. The customs agent looked him straight in the eye and said. “What about the television you’ve hidden in your drums?” The guy blanched. “How did you know?” The officer shrugged, “Because every drummer coming back from Japan has a television hidden in his drums.”

b) Make up 10 questions of all types to the text;

c) Give the gist of the story.

Task 18.a) Study the table.

verb

meaning

SAY

to express an idea, feeling, thought, etc. using words

TELL

to give someone information by speaking to them

TALK

a) to produce words and express  ideas, feelings, thoughts, etc. using words;

b)to say things to someone as part of the conversation

SPEAK

a) to express an idea, feeling, thought, etc. using words;

b)to be able to talk in a language;

c)to make a speech

b) Insert the correct form of the right verb.

1. “Good morning,” she __________. “I am going to work here.”

2. He __________ that he had nothing to declare.

3. _________ us the truth.

4. I can __________ Spanish.

5. They __________ he earns $10,000 a month.

6. I was __________to be careful with the boxes.

7. __________ to him.

8. __________ us the latest news.

9. They were __________ in French.

10. Actions __________ louder than words.

11. “Hello, may I _________ to Jim Smith?”

12. English people like to __________ about the weather.

13. She could __________ when she was two.

Task 19.a)Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions:

(from US Customs Hints)

_____ making  a written declaration, everything you brought _____ must be listed _____ its price or value. This includes gifts _____ other persons, articles carried _____ another person, articles _____ sale and commercial samples.

You do not list articles _____ personal use, toilet articles and similar personal belongings owned _____ you abroad or intended _____ your own use.

The purchase price _____ articles may be given _____ the currency _____ the country _____ the purchase. If you don’t know the price, say so.

If the article was a gift, state the fair value ___ it _____ the country where it was bought. The customs inspector may reduce the value of a dutiable article which has been used or worn.

b) Say what articles are to be listed by a non-resident visitor in the US written declaration.

Task 20. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct Active or Passive form.

When  a 16-year-old boy (to pass through) the customs control as a pedestrian at the Ysleta international crossing, a Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer at the primary inspection point (to select) him  for a secondary examination. During the secondary   inspection  several bundles (to detect) beneath the youth’s pants.  Four marijuana bundles (to tape) to the thighs of  the boy. The smuggler (to turn over) to the El Paso Police Sheriff’s Office for prosecution. “Young teens who (to become) involved in drug smuggling (not to understand) that the consequence of their actions can have a long lasting negative impact on their lives,” said CBP El Paso port director.

Task 21.Find 20 words from Units 4 and 5.

E

X

P

L

O

S

I

V

E

S

A

R

A

S

I

G

N

W

E

A

P

O

N

A

U

B

G

I

F

T

W

E

I

G

H

T

T

O

C

L

E

A

R

U

B

C

L

E

H

R

A

D

D

O

M

E

S

T

I

C

O

D

R

E

S

S

V

O

L

U

M

E

R

E

C

I

P

I

E

N

T

S

I

E

I

R

E

N

G

I

N

E

F

T

T

L

T

T

N

A

T

U

R

E

O

O

E

A

I

A

E

X

C

E

E

D

R

R

M

B

E

X

E

M

P

T

F

S

M

E

G

E

S

F

R

E

Q

U

E

N

C

Y

H

L

Task 22.a) Unscramble these words.

AINIELLOTGS - _______________

OIOIPSRNV - _______________

IREEENTMD- _______________

b) Use all three words to make a sentence of your own.

Task 23. a) Make a written translation of the text and think about the title for it.

What can you bring back from a trip abroad? Which formalities apply to cash, animals, and cultural goods? This is the kind of information that the French and Dutch Customs administrations have decided to make easily and quickly accessible to travelers so that they pass through Customs untroubled.

To do so both administrations have embraced smart mobile phone technology.  A smart phone is a mobile phone that includes features that you might find on a computer such as office software applications (emails, contact database, document editing, etc) and multimedia applications (photos, music, videos, games, internet navigation).

The Customs released an application that allows them to provide travelers with information on what goods are forbidden, which are subject to specific formalities, what limits apply to quantities, and so on. Information on applicable duty-free allowances is also available.

b) What do you think about the idea? What else can a smart phone be used for?

Task 24.Make a written translation of the text into English.

Дело шопоголиков.

Двое  граждан привлекли внимание таможни в тот момент, когда они бодро следовали через «зелёный коридор» с незадекларированными товарами. Их остановили для выборочной проверки.

Они заявили, что привезли из Италии предметы женской и детской одежды, обувь в количестве по одному экземпляру. Указанные вещи предназначались для личного и семейного пользования, и были куплены со значительными скидками из прошлогодних коллекций. Но у таможенников есть свой каталог, который позволяет им оценить ввозимые товары по рыночным ценам (в крайнем случае, они привлекают экспертов), и личную собственность оценили в 298 770 рублей и в 435 150 рублей.

Другая заявительница заинтересовала таможню, когда возвращалась из Китая в Красноярск, не указав в декларации «меховые изделия» на сумму 292 300 рублей. Житель Москвы был обвинён в перемещении через границу ювелирных изделий на сумму 364 601 рубль, купленных во Вьетнаме.

Согласно существующему законодательству,  если у пассажира обнаружены незадекларированные товары на сумму от 65 тысяч до 1,5 миллионов рублей, наступает административная ответственность. Еслисвыше 1,5миллионовуголовная.

Speaking

Task 25.Discuss the following:

1. What do customs officers want to know when they ask passengers “Have you got anything to declare?”

2. What does the phrase “Nothing to declare” mean?

3. Are the customs restrictions the same in different countries and why?

Task 26. Get ready to speak on the topic. Use the vocabulary of the unit.

Communication activities.

Task 27.  In pairs decipher the following abbreviations used in business letters, as in the given model:

1.Model:  - What does SOONEST mean?

                 - I think it means « as soon as possible».

ATTN            U                           PLS                     OK                     Sq

         REF                      CLD                        RPT                  YR

2.Model:  - Do you know what these abbreviations stand for?

                - I think GB stands for Great Britain.

$%                 sq.m     UK            £               EU          UN

Approx.K             p.m.              m             WCO PM          km/h

3. Model:   - Do you know the abbreviations for these words?

                 - Yes, I do.  For example, «Mr.» is for «Mister».

avenue        misses        limited             televisionFahrenheitand

Centigrade           pound           companyworld  wide  webdegree

Task 28. Read and act out short dialogues:

1)  -   Have you got anything to declare?

  • I don’t think I have.
  • Do you have money with you?
  • Only some gold souvenir coins.
  • I’m afraid you’ll have to declare them.

2)  -   Have you got anything liable to duty?

  • I’ve got a bottle of whisky, that’s all.
  • Any presents?
  • Just a few souvenirs: gold chains, bracelets…
  • Have you declared everything?

3)  -   Do you have any gold items, cigarettes, or spirits?

  • Yes, I have. This ring and a lighter.
  • What is there in this small box?
  • There’s some jewelry in it.
  • Are you sure, you’ve declared everything?

4)  -   Do you have anything to declare?

  • Uh…, nothing, except some whisky and some cigarettes.
  • And what do you have in your suit case?
  • A gold tray, a person for a friend of mine.
  • You have to put it in the declaration.

Task 29. Make up short dialogues on the topics below and act them out:

  1. You have just returned from a business trip to England. Compare the regulations valid for the English and the Russian Customs concerning luggage and money.

2. You travelled abroad and you bring in goods exceeding duty and tax free allowance. You discuss with the customs officer the regulations for individuals to move goods across the border of the Customs union.

VOCABULARY

Customs Code

Таможенныйкодекс

customs authority

таможенныйорган

provision

положение,статья (договора,кодекса)

an individual

физическое лицо

accompanied / non-accompanied

сопровождаемый/несопровождаемый

personal

личный

family

семейный

domestic

домашний

needs

нужды

to intend

намереваться, предполагать

purpose

цель, назначение

intended purpose

предназначение

commercialsyn. entrepreneurial

коммерческий

to determine

определять, устанавливать

nature

зд. характер

quantitysyn. amount

количество

frequency

частота

value / customs value

стоимость / таможенная стоимость

cultural valuables

культурные ценности

total weight

общий вес

to be exempt;  exemption

быть освобожденныь (от налогов, пошлин); освобождение

rate / a unified rate

ставка / единая ставка

to apply

зд.  применять

an aggregate customs payment

совокупный таможенный платеж

to levy

взимать

the rate of customs duties

ставка таможенной пошлины

transport means

транспортное средство

to manufacture / manufacture

производить / производство

engine volume

объем двигателя

to grant

предоставлять

to undergo

подвергаться; проходить процедуру

to envisage

предусматривать

legislation

законодательство

international postal items

международные почтовые отправления

recipientopp. sender

получательант. отправитель

to establish

устанавливать, вводить

certain categories of goods

отдельные категории товаров

to carry across the border

провозить через границу

to limit  /  limit

ограничивать  / ограничение, лимит

arms and ammunition

оружие и боеприпасы

drugs; narcotics

наркотические средства

psychotropic substances

психотропные вещества

caviar

икра ценных пород рыб (чёрная икра)

UNIT 6

THE SYSTEM OF RED AND GREEN CHANNELS

EFFECTIVE PASSENGER AND BAGGAGE CONTROL

Text 1

Task 1. Read and translate the text.

The dual-channel systemwas introduced at international airportsto dealefficiently with theincreasing number of passengers withoutreducing theeffectiveness ofthe Customs control.

The system allows the passengers to choose between two types of channels:

  • if the passenger is carrying nothing more thanthe allowances;no prohibited orrestricted goods; no goodsfor commercial purposes, he may go throughthe Green Channel indicated by the words“Nothing to declare”;
  • if the passenger is carrying more thanthe allowances; someprohibited orrestricted goods, or somegoods for commercial purposes he must go throughthe Red Channel indicated by the words“Goods to declare”.

In theEuropean Union (EU) there is also aBlue Channel fortravelers fromEuropean Union countries. As the EU isa customs union,travelers between EU countries don’t haveto pay customs duties. The USA and Canada do notoperatethe dual-channel system.

Passengers should bewell-informed aboutthe functioning of the system i.e. aboutthe descriptions and quantities of the goods that they may have with them when using the Green Channel. This can be doneby means of posters andpanels at the airport orleaflets,distributed throughtourist agencies or airlines.

Passengers whogo through the Red Channelcomplete customs formalities: theyfill in the customs declaration form,present their baggagefor inspection, pay the duties and taxes chargeable.

In the Green Channel passengers do not complete customs formalities, but theymay be the subject of a spot check that customs officersexercise toprevent violations.

Duringpractical examination the customs officer shouldlink the passenger to his baggage and reasons for travel.

To facilitatethe search customs officers should usetools and technologiesat their disposal. Checking baggagefor concealments customs officers should be carefulto minimize the damage.

At all times customs officers must act withdiplomacy, and becompetent,firm andfair.

Working on the text

Task 2. a) Mark the stress in the Russian words and compare it with the English words. Tick the pairs of words with different stressed syllables.

effectivenessэффективность

indicatorиндикатор

panelпанель

touristтурист

formalitiesформальности

inspectionинспекция

practicalпрактический

technologyтехнология

diplomatдипломат

b) Read the English words again.

Task 3.Fill in one or two letters in each word:

cha___el

e___ective

pa___enger

meta___detector

co___ercial

toba___o

cu___ency

trave__

a___ompany

smu___ling

exami___ation

pa___port

Task 4. a) Match left and right to make word combinations:

to introduce                  the channel

to distribute                  the system

to choose                      leaflets

to inform                       the search

to use                            formalities

to complete                   documents

to facilitate                    passengers

to pay                            technology

to minimize                    the duty

to check                         damage

b) Use the word combinations in the sentences of your own.

Task 5. a) Give the Russian equivalents of the following expressions:

b) Explain the meaning of the underlined expressions.

-the dual-channel system;

-   without reducing the effectiveness;

-   the system allows the passengers;

-“Nothing to declare”;

-   “Goods to declare”;

-   the functioning of the system;

-   descriptions and quantities of the goods;

-drug production areas;

-to act with diplomacy;

-   by means of posters and leaflets;

-   tools and technologies at the disposal;

-the subject of a spot check;

-to facilitate the search

Task 6. Find in the text the English equivalents of the following:

система двойного канала; возрастающее количество пассажиров; запрещенные и ограниченные товары; товары для коммерческих целей; обозначить  словами; с помощью плакатов и листовок; распространять через туристические агентства; выполнять формальности; проводить выборочные проверки; цель поездки; технические средства; ущерб

Task 7. PutP  if the action refers to the passenger, putC  if the action refers to the customs officer. Translate the word combinations.

- to work efficiently                                                   __C__

- to choose the channel                                              __P__

- to carry goods across  the border                            _____

- to search for concealments                                      _____

- to complete formalities                                            _____

- to establish the dual-channel system                        _____

- to facilitate the search                                              _____

- to be the subject of a spot check                              _____

- to exercise spot checks                                            _____

- to unpack, open and repack personal belongings    _____

- to break regulations                                                 _____

- to use tools                                                               _____

- to pay the duties                                                       _____

- to minimize damage                                                  _____

Task 8. Answer the questions:

1.  Where is the dual-channel system introduced?

2.  Why is the dual-channel system used?

3.  Who can go through the Green Channel?

4.  Who must go through the Red Channel?

5.  How are the channels indicated?

6.  What should passengers be informed about?

7.  What can be done to inform the passengers?

8.  What do passengers in the Red Channel do to pass through customs control?

9.  Do passengers in the Green Channel complete formalities?

10. Why do customs officers exercise spot checks?

11. What is most important during practical examination?

12. What can facilitate the search?

Task 9.Complete the sentences:

1.  The dual channel system was introduced because . . .

2.  They will go through the Green Channel because . . .

3.  I must go through the Red Channel because . . .

4.  This is the leaflet which will inform you about . . .

5.  To inform the passengers about the functioning of the system we should . . .

6.  In the Red Channel passengers have to . . .

7.  In the Green Channel customs officers can . . .

8.  Customs officers exercise spot checks to …

9.  Checking passengers and their luggage customs officers should . . .

10.  Customs officers use tools and technologies to . . .

11. He is a good customs officer because . . .

Task 10.Put the actions in the correct order for thearriving passengers.

1. In the baggage hall there are several carousels and monitors above them     showing your flight number.

2. After you have passed through passport control, follow the signs to the baggage hall.

3. At passport control there are two counters: one for citizens of the country, the other for non-citizens. The immigration officer will check your visa and passport and put a stamp in it.

4. After customs control look for the exit. If someone is meeting you they will be waiting in the arrival lounge.

5. Collect your luggage and look for the sign “customs”. In most countries the signs are red for “Goods to declare” and green for “Nothing to declare”.

6. As soon as you leave the plane, follow the signs to passport control.

7. At international airports these signs are usually in English as well as the local language.

Task 11. Translate the sentences from Russian into English:

  1. Вы уже внедрили систему двойных каналов в вашем аэропорту?
  2. Количество пассажиров, путешествующих за границу, постоянно      возрастает.
  3. Новые технологии помогают повысить эффективность таможенного досмотра.
  4. Если вы не везете товары сверх установленных норм, вам не придется выполнять таможенные формальности.
  5. Когда пассажиры везут товары для коммерческих целей, они декларируют их и платят пошлину.
  6. Наше туристическое агентство всегда информирует туристов о наименованиях и количестве товаров, которые можно провозить беспошлинно.
  7. Во время проведения выборочной проверки таможенники останавливают пассажиров в зеленом канале и просят предъявить багаж для досмотра.
  8. Инспектор проверил паспорт и билет пассажира и спросил о цели его поездки.
  9. Чтобы облегчить процедуру досмотра и обнаружения сокрытых товаров, таможенники применяют различные приспособления и технические средства, имеющиеся в их распоряжении.
  10. При выезде за границу вы обязаны сообщить об имеющейся у вас при

     себе валюте и предъявить её для досмотра.

  1. Пассажир не знал, что в его багаже имеются предметы, подлежащие

обложению пошлиной.

  1. Меня проинформировали о том, сколько багажа можно бесплатно провозить через границу, когда я покупал билет на самолёт.

Text 2

Task 12. a) Read and translate the text.

EFFECTIVE PASSENGER AND BAGGAGE CONTROL

In dealing with any passenger, customs officers-in-charge should:

ESTABLISH REASONS FOR TRAVEL

Examine passport to ascertain previous and current journeys to drug production and suspect areas.  If the passenger is a frequent traveler establish reasons for frequency of travel. Examine ticket to ascertain method of payment. Remember: late booked or cash tickets are often used by smugglers.

CHECK THAT THE PASSENGER HAS CORRECT

BAGGAGE CLAIM TAGS AND ASK THE BASIC QUESTIONS

- Is this all your baggage? Did you pack it yourself?

- Do you know what the baggage contains?

- Are you carrying any items for anyone else? Are you travelling alone?

- Do you know what the Customs allowances are?

EXERCISE PRACTICAL EXAMINATION

For passengers travelling on business: examine any documents in order to verify whether the passenger is engaged in legitimate business. Make sure that documents relate to up-to-date transactions.

For visitors or residents returning from holiday: look for gifts, clothing, souvenirs and the usual items you would normally expect to find with this type of passengers. These will link passengers to the baggage and reasons for travel. (Be suspicious of passengers arriving with only light baggage containing few, if any, articles of personal nature.)

For all passengers: always check baggage for concealments. Don’t overlook the commonplace. Carry out a Personal Search in case suspicion still exists.

The examination of  baggage can be separated  into two clearly defined

areas: the contents and the container.

Remove the contents carefully and systematically. Examine individual items as necessary during the process. Separate any items worthy of closer attention and place them out of the passenger’s reach. To facilitate the examination   you should make full use of the equipment at your disposal. When using tools to examine the contents, exercise care to minimize damage.

POINTS TO REMEMBER

- Adopt a positive approach. You must believe that if there are goods concealed, you will find them.

- You are a representative of this department in the public eye. At all times act with courtesy and diplomacy.

- Do not be drawn into arguments. Stay calm however provoked.

- Do not hesitate to seek assistance or advice from colleagues.

b) Make a glossary. Choose seven words to remember.

Task 13.Look through the texts of the unit and write down what a customs officer:

SHOULD DO

SHOULD NOT

  • examine passport and ticket

  • overlook the commonplace

Task 14. Answer the questions:

1. What is the most important thing in dealing with a passenger?

2. Why do customs officers examine a passenger’s passport and ticket?

3. What questions are supposed to be asked by the customs officer and why?

4. How can a passenger prove that he is engaged in legitimate business?

5. Why do passengers with light baggage make customs officers suspect them?

6. What should customs officers remember while searching the contents of a passenger’s baggage?

Vocabulary and Grammar

Task 15.  a) Find words in the text formed from the following verbs and translate them into Russian:

verb

Participle II

to restrict

restricted /ограниченный

to prohibit

to indicate

to inform

to distribute

to present

to smuggle

to state

to conceal

to detain

to relate

b) Complete the sentences with the words from the box. You may have to use some words more than once:

1. The sale of alcohol is __________ to people over the age of 18.

2. The report is devoted to the problem of drug abuse and other _________ issues.

3. Please, keep me fully __________ of the details of the investigation.

4. Smoking is strictly __________ on board the plane.

5. The Lists of __________ and __________ articles are __________ at the airport.

6. The hallmark of the gold ring wasn’t __________ in the declaration form.

7. The amount of   __________ narcotics is constantly growing.

8. You should go through the channel __________ by the words “Goods to declare”.

9. The passport __________ by the traveler proved to be false.

10. Specially trained dogs were first used by the Customs to detect __________ coffee.

11. Border patrol searched the truck and discovered  a gun __________ under the driver’s seat.

Task 16.Read and translate the text.

Bill Wyman of the Rolling Stones was returning to London from a trip to the States. Just before he left, a friend in another band asked him to deliver a package to his wife. Naively, Wyman tossed it into his suitcase. At Heathrow, specially trained dogs surveyed the incoming luggage, got to Wyman’s bag and went absolutely wild. The Customs pounced. Realizing that he had been set up, Wyman tried to explain that a friend had given him a package and that he honestly didn’t have any idea what was in it. “Sure,” the officer said.”We’ve heard that one before.” They gleefully seized the offending contraband, ripped it open, and discovered six bags of epicurean dog food.

b) Make up 10 questions of all types to the text;

c) Give the gist of the story.

Task 17. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct Active or Passive form.

1. The first Russian Customs Statute (to hand) down in 1667.

2. A distinction (to make) between commercial and industrial free zones.

3. The passenger’s luggage (to check) by the customs officer now.

4. Quantitative restrictions or other forms of import control (to adopt) in many countries.

5. More detector dogs (to train) at the canine enforcement centers by the next year.

6. After unloading the cargo (to store) at the bonded warehouse awaiting release from customs control.

7. The General Agreement on Tariff and Trade (to sign) in Geneva in 1947.

8. Brokers (to require) to maintain strict confidence about business and transaction.

9. An interesting case (to investigate) by the customs investigation union now.

Task 18. a) Read and translate the story.

Sam Lewis was a customs officer. He used to work in a small border town. The road was usually very quiet and there were not many travelers. It was not a very interesting job, but Sam liked an easy life.

About once a week he used to meet an old man. His name was Draper. He always used to arrive at the border early in the morning in a big truck. The truck was always empty. After a while Sam became suspicious. He often used to search the truck, but never found anything. One day he asked Draper about his job. Draper laughed and said: ”I am a smuggler”.

Last year Sam retired. He spent his savings on an expensive holiday. He flew to Bermuda, and stayed in a luxury hotel. One day he was sitting by the pool and saw Draper drinking champagne. Sam walked over to him.

Sam:     Hello, there!

Draper: Hi!

Sam:      Remember me?

Draper:  Yes … Of course, I do. You are a customs officer.

Sam:      I used to be, but I’m not anymore. I retired last month. I often

             used to search your truck…

Draper:  …but you never found anything!

Sam:       No, I didn’t. Can I ask you something?

Draper:   Of course you can.

Sam:       Were you a smuggler?

Draper:   Sure I was.

Sam:        But … the truck was always empty. What were you smuggling?

Draper:   Trucks.

b) Put the dialogue into Reported speech.

c) Study the model. Find examples in the text above. Make five sentences speaking about the past and the present.

Model: Customs officersused to wear blue uniform, but now it is green.

           In the past customs officersdidn’t use to screen the baggage.

Task 19.a) Unscramble these words.

SERIEECDN - _______________

ZIIIHCEPTSN - _______________

MNGCINOI- _______________

b) Use all three words to make a sentence of your own.

Task 20. a) Make a written translation of the text and think about the title for it.

Belgian Customs anti-drugs team based at Brussels Airport seized 180 ivory statues in the luggage carried by a male passenger arriving from Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo).

Alerted by the weight of the luggage that was declared as containing wooden craft, the team stopped the passenger and started checking his luggage. The wooden statue appeared to be of very crude craftsmanship and it was decided to X-ray it. The X-ray revealed that the statue contained hundreds of small ivory statues.

The passenger declared that he was not aware of deception and that he was transporting the wooden statue for a friend who lived in Belgium. While checking the name of the alleged recipient, the team discovered that this person used the same method to smuggle ivory products in the past and was currently being prosecuted for smuggling ivory products.

Task 21.Make a written translation of the text into English.

Наркотики в желудке и носках

В аэропорту Шереметьево задержан «глотатель» из Узбекистана.

48-летний гражданин Республики Узбекистан прибыл из Ташкента в столицу с 59 контейнерами наркотиков общей массой 622 грамма, преимущественно героина. Наркокурьер вёз контрабанду в брюшной полости и носках.   Узбек вину признал, сейчас он находится под стражей. Возбужденоуголовноедело.

Speaking

Task 22.Make as many sentences as possible.

Passing through the Customs passengers   MUST…

                                                                   HAVE TO…

                                                                   SHOULD…

                                                                   CAN  …

Task 23. Discuss the following:

What would happen :    1) if there were no Red and Green Channel system?

                                     2) if countries opened their borders to everyone?

Task  24. Get ready to speak on the topic. Use the vocabulary of the unit.

Communication activities.

Task 25.Read and role play short dialogues:

1)      - Where is your customs declaration? Show it, please.

- Here it is.

- Crosses and dashes are not allowed in the declaration.

- Will you take a new form? Fill it once again, please.

- All right.

2)      - Have you filled in your declaration?

- Of course.

- You failed to write the data and sign it.

-O.K.Thanks.

3)      - Will you show me your declaration?

- With pleasure.

- Be careful when filling in the form. Will you read all the points

 carefully  and write down all your answers in words?

     -Certainly.

Task 26.Match right and left.

1. Go to the red channel…                        a) on the table in the middle of the hall.

2. Go to the green channel…                    b) and then go through the Customs.

3. You should fill in your declaration       c) if you have something to declare.

       first…

   4. Let me see…                                         d) if you have nothing to declare.

   5. You can find forms…                           e) what you have.

Task 27.Make up dialogues on the topics below and act them out:

1) Explain to your friend who is going abroad, how it is necessary to fill in the customs declaration.

2) Your friend is going abroad by air for the first time. Explain to him the system of going through the customs.

VOCABULARY

the dual-channel system

система  двойного канала

to introduce

зд.  вводить в действие

to deal

иметь дело, справляться

efficient / efficiently

эффективный   /  эффективно

to increase  / increasing

расти, возрастать / возрастающий

to reduce

сокращать, снижать

effectiveness

эффективность

for commercial purposes

для  коммерческих целей

to indicate

обозначать, указывать

«Nothing to declare»

«Нет товаров, подлежащих декларированию»

to operate

зд. применять, использовать

tofunction

функционировать, действовать

description

наименование, описание

means

средство, способ

panel

стенд,  табло

leaflet

информационный листок / листовка

to distribute

распространять,раздавать

tourist agencies

туристическиеагентства

subject

зд.объект,предмет

spot checksyn. random check

выборочная проверка

to exercise

осуществлять, проводить

reason

причина, основание

to ascertain

устанавливать, выяснять

journeysyn. trip

поездка, путешествие

drug production area

регион, где производятся наркотики

to link

сопоставлять, связывать

up-to-date

современный, текущий

transaction / transactions

сделка  / протоколы

to facilitate

облегчать, способствовать

disposal

распоряжение

damage

ущерб, повреждение, вред

firm(adj.)

твердый, непоколебимый, настойчивый

fair

справедливый, честный, беспристрастный

i.e. = id est(лат.)

то есть = т.е.

UNIT 7

                   PASSENGER   CUSTOMS   DECLARATION   FORM

Text 1

Task 1. Read and translate the text.

         Russia like almost all countries has certainformalities through whichpassengers mustpass. They includepassport and visa control andcustoms inspection of passengers’ baggage.

        Almost all countries haveforms that the passenger mustfill in.Incomingpassengers fill inan entry declaration form,outgoingpassengers fill inan exitdeclaration form which isto be presented to thecustoms officer.The pointsofthe declaration must be answeredin full wordsin block letters. The passenger is to fill in hisfull name, citizenship, country of residence, country ofdestination, etc. The passenger must also declareprohibited, restricted anddutiable articles that he iscarrying acrossthe border. Information must be presented bothin figures andin words.Personal belongings arebrought in andtaken out duty free and need not be declared.

         If the passengerunderstatesthe value of an article ormisrepresentsthearticle in hisdeclaration form, he may haveto pay a penalty in addition topayment of duty.The article can bedetained andconfiscated ifthe penalty is not paid. If in doubt about thevalue of an article,the passenger shoulddeclare it and thenask thecustoms officerfor assistance invaluing it.

         Undeclaredforeign currency incash found duringthe search isliable toconfiscation assmuggling.

         Thecustoms officer may askthe passenger to open hisbaggage forinspection, because thecustoms officer always has the rightto check if thepassengeris complying with the regulations and that he is nottransporting goodsexceedingthe quantities for which noformalities are required.The owner ofthe baggage must answer all the questions ofthe officer-in-charge onthe contents of hisbaggage and mustpresentanyarticle forexamination. It is the passenger’sresponsibility tounpack,open andrepack his belongings.

         The entry declaration mustbe kept bythe passenger forthe duration ofthe stay in the country orabroad and mustbe presented together withthe exitdeclaration on the way back.It can’t be renewed in case of loss.

Working on the text

Task 2. Put the words into the correct column according to the pronunciation:

channel,     transaction,  issue,   cultural,  mission,   violation,  valuation, manufacture,   efficient,   commission,    essential,   prosecution

[ t ]

[ ]

channel

transaction

Task 3. a) Translate the following words and phrases and learn their pronunciation.

b) Explain the meaning of the underlined expressions.

-incoming/outgoing

- entry/exit declaration

- points

- in full words

- in block letters

- citizenship

-country of residence

-country of destination

- in figures and in words

-personal belongings

-to understate

-to misrepresent

- to pay a penalty

-to detain

- foreign currency

- (in) cash

Task 4. Find in the text English equivalents of the following:

паспортнo-визовый контроль; таможенный досмотр багажа;  заполнить въездную/выездную декларацию; задекларировать облагаемые пошлиной предметы;  ввозить и вывозить беспошлинно;  помимо уплаты пошлины; помощь в оценке товара;  незадекларированная иностранная валюта;  во время досмотра;  соблюдать правила;  на протяжении пребывания в стране; на обратном пути;   в случае утери не возобновляется

Task 5. Look through the text and find antonyms to the following words:

         - incoming passenger

- entry declaration

- dutiable articles

- to bring in

- to break laws

- to exclude

- to leave

- to overstate

- to unpack

- to arrive

Task 6.Look through the text and complete the table:

Formalities

Points of the declaration

Passengers’ responsibilities

Customs violations

passport control

full name

to fill in the declaration

smuggling

Task 7. Find the words in the text that follow the words below:

  1. to include __________
  2. to fill in __________
  3. to declare __________
  4. to understate __________
  5. to misrepresent ___________
  6. to pay __________
  7. to exceed __________
  8. to present __________

Task 8.  Answer the questions:

  1. What are certain formalities through which passengers must pass?
  2. What do incoming/outgoing passengers fill in?
  3. How must the points of the declaration be answered?
  4. What document is the passenger to fill in?
  5. What must the passenger declare?
  6. What happens if the passenger understates the value of the article or misrepresents it in his declaration?
  7. In what case can the article be detained and confiscated?
  8. What is liable to confiscation as smuggling?
  9. How does a customs officer check if the passenger is complying with the regulations?
  10. How long must the entry declaration be kept?

Task 9. Translate the sentences from Russian into English:

1. Пассажиры, прибывающие в страну, обычно заполняют въездную декларацию.

2. Пассажиры, выезжающие из страны,  заполняют выездную декларацию, которая должна предъявляться таможенному инспектору.

3. Все пункты декларации должны заполняться полными словами печатными буквами.

4. В декларации пассажир должен указать свое полное имя, гражданство, страну проживания, страну назначения и другие сведения.

5. Пассажир должен также задекларировать запрещенные, ограниченные к ввозу/вывозу и облагаемые пошлиной предметы, которые он провозит через границу.

6. Личные вещи ввозятся и вывозятся беспошлинно и не подлежат декларированию.

7. Предмет может быть изъят или конфискован, если штраф не уплачен.

8. Незадекларированная наличная валюта, найденная при досмотре, подлежит конфискации как контрабанда.

9. Этого пассажира досматривают уже в течение часа. Полагаю, он имеет в багаже незадекларированные предметы, которые были обнаружены после применения технических средств контроля.

Task 10. Complete the sentences in English:

Thedeclarationform 1) заполняется полными словами.

                                 2) подписывается пассажиром.

                                 3) предъявляется таможеннику.

                                 4) просматривается таможенником.

                                 5) возвращается пассажиру.

                                 6) хранится во время пребывания в стране.

Text 2

Task 11. a) Read and translate the text.

PRIZED VIOLIN GROUNDED BYRED TAPE*

Just like Michael Jackson, who once tried to take a Cossak saber out of Russia, U.S. violinist Ernesto Farago ran up against Russia’s peculiar laws on antiques when he tried to take his musical instrument out of the country.

Mr. Farago’s 1940 Italian violin was detained by customs officials at Sheremetyevo airport on the suspicion that he was trying to smuggle it out of Russia.

The incident seems to have been the result of misunderstanding.

Mr. Farago, speaking from his home in Springfield, Virginia, said that he failed to declare his instrument, worth $28,000 because he had been misinformed by customs officials in the arrival terminal.

“I was told by an officer that if I was bringing in the instrument for professional purposes, there was no need for me to declare it,” said Mr. Farago, who had visited Russia to play two concerts in Voronezh.

He has now been separated from his beloved violin for nearly a month, but the saga should soon end happily.

The Culture Ministry received a document from U.S. confirming that this instrument belongs to Mr. Farago and is ready to issue permission to take the instrument out of the country. The Ministry official in charge of the export and import of items of cultural and historical value said that all problems could have been avoided if Mr. Farago had declared the instrument upon his arrival.

It says on the customs declaration form that all valuables of a historical and cultural nature should be declared. This is so they can be taken out of the country again.

(from “Moscow Times”)

*Red tape – official rules that seem unnecessary and prevent things from being

                  done quickly and easily (syn. bureaucracy)

b) Make a glossary. Choose seven words to remember.

c)  Answer the questions:

1. What happened to Ernesto Farago at Sheremetyevo airport?

2. What was the passenger accused of?

3. Why was the violin detained?

4. Why didn’t Mr. Farago declare his violin?

5. How long did the investigation last?

6. What was Mr. Farago’s mistake?

7. Has the violin been returned to its owner?

8. What can you say about the customs officer who had misinformed

   Mr.Farago?

9. What customs regulations can you remember in respect of this incident?

10. Do you think such cases are common?

11. What should be done to avoid such misunderstandings?

Task 12.Sum up the information from the newspaper article:

a) Comment on the situation from the point of view of:

- Mr. Farago;

- a customs officer from  Sheremetyevo airport;

- a Federal Customs Service official;

- a Culture Ministry official;

- a U.S. CBP official;

- the violin;

b) write a brief report for TV news program.

Vocabulary and Grammar

Task 13.  Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions, if necessary. Find false statements and correct them.

1) Before you illegally enter _______ the country you will have to pass _______ certain formalities _______ Foreign Exchange Office.

2)  Don’t fail to fill _______ an exit declaration form ______ full words ______ block letters.

3) Remember that you are to declare _______ duty free articles and personal belongings when you bring them ______ or take them _______ of the country. 4)  To comply  _______ the regulations you shouldn’t declare foreign currency. 5) Money presented ______ inspection is liable ______ confiscation.

6) The officer-in-charge must answer ______ all the questions _______ the owner of the baggage _______ the contents of the X-ray machine.

7) Any document can be renewed ______ case _______ loss.

Task 14.a)Findverbs in the text which correspond to the following definitions:

a)   to get free by doing what is necessary (signing papers, paying duties) when entering/leaving the country _______________

b) to make a statement of dutiable goods brought into the country _______________

c)  to  write  one’s  name  and  other  particulars  required  to  make the form

complete _______________

d)   to hide, to keep secret _______________

e)    to keep back, to prevent from leaving or going forward when suspected of wrong-doing _______________

f)    to take possession of private property without compensation or payment

_______________

g)   to look at something carefully in order to learn about it_____________

h)   to limit something that a person may use for foreign travel _____________

i)   to carry more than one has authority to carry ________________

j)   to act in accordance with a request or command _______________

b) Use five of these verbs to write sentences of your own.

Task 15.Revise the rule on IF/WHEN-clauses and complete the sentences:

1) It won’t take you long to pass through the Customs IF …..

2) You will be legally free to enter the country WHEN …..

                                                                         AS SOON AS …..

                                                                         AFTER …..

3) The customs officer won’t let you through IF …..

                                                                       UNTIL …..

                                                                       BEFORE …..

Task 16.Put a question tag at the end of the following sentences:

Model: